Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2871
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Basel Halil - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Basilic vein transposition fistulas (BVTFs) and prosthetic bridge grafts (PBGs) provide good vascular access for hemodialysis. To evaluate the patency and complication rates after arteriovenous fistula formation, a concurrent series of patients was reviewed. METHODS: Between September 2003 and September 2009, 147 hemodialysis access procedures were performed in 147 ...
El Awady Hatem E - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To compare the outcomes of wavefront-optimized ablation and topography-guided ablation in fellow eyes of patients undergoing laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia. PATIENTS AND METHODS:This prospective study included 84 patients who underwent LASIK in both eyes: wavefront-optimized ablation in one eye (group I) and topography-guided ablation in ...
Zarkawi Moutaz - - 2011
Fifty cyclic fat-tailed Syrian Awassi ewes aged 2-4 years, with a mean weight of 51.4 kg, were used for 4 years to assess the accelerated lambing system (three lambings in 2 years). Ewes were divided into two groups: treated (T) and untreated (C). Ewes in the T group were treated with flugestone acetate for ...
Chen Shao-Liang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Compared to the classical crush, double kissing (DK) crush improved outcomes in patients with coronary bifurcation lesions. However, there is no serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) comparisons between these two techniques. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the mechanisms of the two crush stenting techniques using serial IVUS imaging. METHODS: ...
Danda Anil Kumar - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of enucleation with application of Carnoy solution as a treatment for odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) on postoperative recurrence compared with enucleation alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients were randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 18 per group). Group I ...
Marquass Bastian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The use of predifferentiated mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) leads to better histological results compared with undifferentiated MSC in sheep. This raises the need for a longer term follow-up study and comparison with a clinically established method. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that chondrogenic in vitro predifferentiation of autologous MSC embedded in ...
Guan Yong-Song YS Department of Oncology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China. - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with recombinant adenovirus p53 injection (rAdp53) and transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A total of 82 patients with advanced HCC treated only with TACE served as control group. Another 68 patients with HCC treated with TACE ...
Lu Yong-Guang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that drug-eluting stents (DES) were superior to intracoronary brachytherapy (ICBT) in patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, it is unknown whether there might be differences between DES and ICBT in terms of efficacy and safety in large sample size and long-term follow-up. HYPOTHESIS: The aim ...
Pascali Maria Paola - - 2011
Botulinum toxin type A has gained popularity in urology. Most reported studies have been in adults at urology centers and most have addressed long-term safety. Since botulinum toxin type A treatment for neurogenic bladder dysfunction requires repeat injections, verifying that such treatment does not induce fibrosis in children seems essential. ...
Hanna Nicholas - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate the safety of low-dose protamine administration to facilitate earlier vascular sheath removal. Vascular access complications are the most common cause of postprocedural morbidity in patients undergoing peripheral endovascular intervention (PEI). Prolonged manual compression and closure devices do not eliminate these complications. A consecutive series of ...
Mullineaux David R - - 2011
The aim was to examine the effects of training with real-time biomechanical biofeedback on technique and performance of rifle shooters. Top-level shooters were randomly assigned to biofeedback- (n = 5) and control- (n = 4) groups. Bi-weekly training of 20 shots air-rifle for 4 weeks, with pre- and post-tests of 20 shots air-rifle and smallbore, were performed. ...
Valenti Renato - - 2011
The aim of the present study was the comparison of the everolimus-eluting stent (EES) with the paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in patients treated for long chronic total occlusions (CTOs). Previous randomized trials have shown the superiority of EESs over PESs. No data exist about the efficacy and safety of EESs in ...
Na Dong Gyu - - 2011
PURPOSE: To modify the direction of radiofrequency (RF) ablation and to find optimal technical parameters using a partially insulated electrode. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors developed a unidirectional ablation electrode (UAE) by partial insulation of a 1-cm active electrode tip. Each electrode produced 60 ablation zones using insulation of the ...
Aslanabadi Naser - - 2011
Symptomatic mitral restenosis develops in up to 21% of patients after percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy (PBMV), and most of these patients undergo mitral valve replacement (MVR). Repeating PBMV (re-PBMV) might be an effective and less-invasive treatment for these patients. Forty-seven patients with post-PBMV mitral restenosis and unfavorable valve characteristics were ...
Hemal Ashok K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate impact of unidirectional barbed suture on vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and its comparison with Polyglecaprone-25 suture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was initiated as pilot study; the participants were grouped into three based on the suture material used for VUA, i.e., monofilament Polyglecaprone-25 ...
Kim Jeong Han - - 2011
Background/Aims: There are many reports of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients with increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). However, there is little information about carotid IMT in alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) patients. We aimed to compare the carotid IMT of NAFLD patients and AFLD patients. Methods: The medical records ...
Hikichi Taiichi - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the results of 23- and 20-gauge vitrectomies combined with phacoemulsification and aspiration and intraocular lens implantation (phacoemulsification surgery) 1 year after repair of idiopathic macular holes. DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive, comparative case series. METHODS: The medical charts of 100 consecutive eyes were reviewed that had undergone either 23- ...
Pardal-Refoyo José Luis - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: There have been significant technological advances for hemostasis in thyroid surgery, which allow more precise and safer vascular sealing than the traditional bond associated with mono- or bipolar electrocoagulation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the complications in total thyroidectomy using traditional techniques (ligation and electrocoagulation, including LigaSure) compared to the exclusive ...
Reisz Robert R - - 2011
The initial stages of evolution of Diapsida (the large clade that includes not only snakes, lizards, crocodiles and birds, but also dinosaurs and numerous other extinct taxa) is clouded by an exceedingly poor Palaeozoic fossil record. Previous studies had indicated a 38 Myr gap between the first appearance of the ...
Luciani Giovanni Battista - - 2011
In order to define physiological properties of the autograft root, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings relative to three different operative techniques were compared with those of control subjects. Twenty-three patients, 18/5 M/F, aged 32 ± 9 years, underwent MRI assessment of the aortic root. Patients with normally functioning autograft valve and at least 4 years ...
Xirasagar Sudha - - 2011
When performed competently, colonoscopy screening can reduce colorectal cancer rates, especially in high-risk groups such as African Americans. Training primary care physicians (PCPs) to perform colonoscopy may improve screening rates among underserved high-risk populations. The authors compared colonoscopy screening rates and computed adjusted odds ratios for colonoscopy-eligible patients of trained ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2011
PURPOSE: Tissue-engineered pericardium (TEP) is a collagen-rich matrix that has previously been shown to promote in vivo and in vitro tissue regeneration. We evaluated the potential of TEP as a source for the in-vivo creation of bladder muscular wall grafts. We used bladder wall as a bioreactor to create a ...
Highsmith M Jason - - 2011
Transitional movements are a determinant of functional independence and have limited study in amputees. Microprocessor prosthetic knees' abilities to assist transfemoral amputees with sitting and standing have not been studied. Through cross-sectional study, 21 transfemoral amputees, divided into 3 groups of 7 by knee type (power knee, C-leg, Mauch SNS) ...
Vuylsteke M E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: In this histological study, the role of the intraluminal blood during endovenous laser ablation was assessed. METHODS: In 12 goats, 24 lateral saphenous veins were treated with a 1500-nm diode laser. Four goats were treated in an anti-Trendelenburg position (group 1). The next four goats were treated in a ...
Aggarwal Satish Kumar - - 2011
PURPOSE: We report 18 years' experience of traumatic urethral strictures in boys with emphasis on recurrent strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four boys with pelvic fracture urethral strictures underwent 35 repairs: 23 in the primary group (initial suprapubic cystostomy, but no urethral repair) and 12 in the re-do group (previously failed ...
Son Le Tan - - 2011
PURPOSE: Several options are available to drain the renal pelvis after a dysmembered pyeloplasty. The purpose of our study was to review the results of transrenal pelvic transanastomotic stenting following ureteropelvic junction obstruction pyeloplasty (UPJO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 238 patients with UPJO (243 renal units) ...
Okabe Hirohisa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify the efficacy of portal vein embolization (PVE) before right hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with regard to hepatic function, surgical stress, and survival benefit. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with HCC underwent right hepatectomy between 1999 and 2009. Preoperative PVE was ...
Ochoa-Gómez Raúl - - 2011
The objective of the study was to evaluate tamsulosin (TAM) efficacy in distal ureteral stone expulsion in Mexican patients. A double-blind clinical trial was carried out for a period of 4 weeks on 65 patients assigned to the following treatment groups: Group A, 32 patients receiving conventional treatment + TAM; and Group B, ...
Blitz Jeanna D - - 2011
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and postdischarge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) are common occurrences (50%-80%) after laparoscopic surgery. Palonosetron (Pal), the newest 5-HT3 antagonist, is an effective antiemetic that has advantages in treating PDNV due to its prolonged duration of action. We hypothesized that a combination of Pal and dexamethazone ...
Ricker Lukas J A G - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate the influence of subfoveal fluid and foveal thickness on visual outcome in patients who underwent reattachment surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). METHODS:: This prospective study included 53 patients who were undergoing successful scleral buckling surgery for primary RRD. A thorough ophthalmologic examination including best-corrected visual acuity, ...
Zhao Yongliang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopically assisted gastric surgery has become an option for the treatment of early gastric cancer. However, the feasibility and safety of laparoscopically assisted gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer has rarely been studied. This study evaluated the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopically assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for advanced gastric ...
Kim Jin Hyoung - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare retrospectively percutaneous transhepatic primary placement of a retrievable self-expanding metallic stent with percutaneous balloon dilation for the treatment of benign biliary strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2005-2009, 66 patients with benign biliary strictures in whom an endoscopic approach failed or in whom such an approach was inaccessible ...
Majid Omer Waleed - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of submucosal versus intramuscular administration of dexamethasone sodium phosphate on patients' quality of life after surgical removal of impacted lower third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized, non-blind, clinical trial was planned. The sample was composed of patients ...
Timko Christine - - 2011
Background: This study implemented and evaluated procedures to help clinicians effectively refer dually diagnosed (substance use and psychiatric disorders) patients to dual-focused mutual-help groups (DFGs). Methods: Using a cohort cyclical turnover design, individuals with dual diagnoses beginning a new outpatient mental health treatment episode (N=287) entered a standard- or an ...
Aikawa Naoki - - 2011
Sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, has been approved in Japan for the treatment of patients with acute lung injury (ALI) associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) has ordered to conduct a postmarket clinical study in order to reevaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Talreja Jayant P - - 2011
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) for unresectable cholangiocarcinoma is associated with improvement in cholestasis and survival. Single operator cholangioscopy (SOC) has been used for targeted laser illumination. We analyzed our growing experience of SOC with direct PDT. This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of patients prospectively entered into a ...
El Henawi Diaa El Din Mohamed - - 2011
Objectives: To compare the efficacy of power-microdebrider-assisted inferior turbinoplasty (PAT) with submucosal resection (SMR) in the treatment of inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Methods: A prospective randomized clinical trial study of 46 patients with bilateral inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: PAT and SMR. Results: Intraoperative blood loss ...
Chen Hung-Shu - - 2011
PURPOSE: The ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA™) may be difficult to insert because of its large soft cuff, even when using a dedicated introducer tool. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether introduction of a stylet (Flexi-Slip™) in the drainage tube improved insertion characteristics compared with the standard ...
Azawi Osama Ibrahim - - 2011
The effect of GnRH administration on superovulatory response of ewes treated with equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) in breeding and nonbreeding seasons and the contribution of laparoscopic insemination to the improvement of fertilization and embryo recovery were investigated. Twenty-four nonpregnant Awassi ewes of 3-4 years of age were randomly allocated into two ...
Zhu H M - - 2011
This multicenter and randomized clinical trial showed that daily oral herbal formula Xian Ling Gu Bao (XLGB) was safe in postmenopausal women over a 1-year treatment. Those patients (n ∼ 50) treated with XLGB at the conventional dose demonstrated a statistically significant increase in dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) ...
Sert Hüseyin - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-flow sevoflurane and low-flow sevoflurane supplemented with remifentanil anesthesia on the recovery time, consumption amount of the anesthetic drugs and hemodynamic differences. Materials and Methods: A prospective, randomized and double-blinded study with 50 patients was designed. Following intubation, ...
Mao Wei-Lin - - 2011
The prevalence of CD4+CD25(high) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (AoCLF) who received plasma exchange (PE) and/or medical treatment was investigated. One hundred five patients with AoCLF in two groups (PE plus routine-care, n = 48 and routine-care, n = 57) were enrolled in our study. In the PE group, ...
Saha Sibu P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The low thrombogenicity, porosity, and limited elasticity of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) vascular grafts, although beneficial, may exacerbate the problem of suture-line bleeding at vascular anastomoses and consequently lead to increased operating times. The overall objective of this prospective, randomized, controlled, subject-blinded, multicenter phase 2 study was to evaluate the ...
Presta Pierangela - - 2011
Older subjects, including those with normal renal function, have an increased risk of acute kidney injury. Preoperative statin therapy has been reported to improve renal outcome after cardiac surgery and to reduce inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass. No study has hitherto evaluated whether the positive effect of pretreatment with statins ...
Khandpur S - - 2011
Aim.  Palmoplantar psoriasis (PPP) produces significant morbidity and requires prompt treatment. Topical agents form the mainstay of therapy. We compared the efficacy and side-effect profile of a steroid/coal-tar combination with topical psoralen and solar ultraviolet A (PUVAsol) in PPP. Methods.  In total, 52 patients with PPP were randomized to receive ...
Jäderberg Sylvia - - 2012
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate and compare stability after 6 months of Essix retainer use. Patients' perceptions of wearing the retainer were also evaluated. A total of 69 patients, 53 girls and 16 boys [mean age 15.7 years, standard deviation (SD) 1.96], were included in the ...
Lovisetti Giovanni - - 2012
This retrospective review follows 31 tibial nonunions to compare union at the docking site using closed versus open strategies. In this cohort of patients, all but five were infected nonunions. Thirteen patients initially treated with single compression were compared with 18 patients treated by open revision of the docking site. ...
Tornese Davide D Center for Sports Rehabilitation, IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopedics Institute, Milan, - - 2011
To generate data on optimal shoulder position comparing two ultrasound-guided extracorporeal shock wave therapy techniques for the treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder. Random assignment to two groups of treatment with three months follow-up. The data were collected in outpatients. Thirty-five subjects affected by calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder ...
Hsiao Sheng-Mou - - 2011
Aim:  To evaluate the urodynamic effects, therapeutic efficacy and safety of solifenacin versus tolterodine treatment for women with overactive bladder syndrome. Methods:  Patients were randomized to receive either solifenacin 5 mg or tolterodine ER 4 mg once a day for 12 weeks at each four-week visit in a post-marketing study. Only women ...
Hirata Yoshikazu - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Aspirin-induced enteropathy is increasing, but whether the type of aspirin affects the gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, especially small intestine, is unclear. The incidence of GI bleeding for buffered aspirin and enteric-coated aspirin was evaluated in patients receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) for cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Methods. This retrospective cohort ...
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