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Results 151 - 200 of 2885
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Aksoy Elif - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The aim of this retrospective chart review of the patients who had septal surgery with or without turbinate surgery was to compare the postoperative complication rates according to the time of intranasal-splint (INS) removal. METHODS:: The data of 137 patients who underwent septal surgery with or without turbinate surgery ...
Undas Anetta - - 2011
We compared the effect of simvastatin versus simvastatin combined with ezetimibe on hemostasis and inflammation following acute coronary events (ACS). In an investigator-initiated, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study, the ACS patients were assigned to simvastatin 40 mg/d+ezetimibe 10 mg/d (n=26) or simvastatin 40 mg/d+placebo (n=28) administered for 2 months. Markers of ...
Fujita Norifumi - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to obtain more than 2 years' follow-up after surgery to investigate the effect of the difference in rotatory stability based on our previous data on the clinical outcome among 3 groups: double-bundle (DB) reconstruction group, anteromedial (AM) single-bundle reconstruction group, and posterolateral (PL) ...
Khan I - - 2011
The aim of the study was to compare a single surgeon's post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage rates using cold steel dissection and coblation tonsillectomy techniques. Retrospective study on patients, who underwent tonsillectomy at West Wales General Hospital (WWGH) performed by a single surgeon from 2006 to 2010 employing both cold steel and coblation ...
Yazici A T - - 2011
PUPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of the cornea and intraocular pressure (IOP) between patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) and age-matched controls. In this prospective study, 30 healthy individuals (control group) and 30 patients with SLE (study group) underwent Reichert ocular response analyzer ...
Windsor Richard R The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, DC 20037, USA. - - 2011
This two-phase evaluation documented the delivery and effectiveness of evidence-based health education methods by regular staff to pregnant smokers. During Phase 1, a total of 436 Medicaid patients were screened and 416 (95%) gave consent: 334 nonsmokers and 102 smokers. This historical Comparison (C) group was assessed to document the ...
Chen Sung-Lang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to compare the results of a transrectal ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin injection with those of a cystoscopy-guided method to the external urethral sphincter in treating detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia. DESIGN:: A total of 18 suprasacral spinal cord-injured patients with detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia were ...
Silva Eliane Maria - - 2011
The objective of this study is to assess the effects of Global Postural Reeducation (GPR) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and compare GPR with group conventional segmental self-stretching and breathing exercises. This is a controlled interventional study of 38 patients divided into 2 groups: a GPR group (n = 22) and a ...
Yoshida T - - 2011
Objective To clarify the effects of ovariectomy on lipid and bone metabolism. Methods This study was a prospective study with a longitudinal design within 1 year after surgery. Sixty-two premenopausal women were recruited and divided into two groups: group M (preservation of ovary, n = 27) and group BSO (bilateral ovariectomy, n = 35). Serum lipid ...
Gill Vip S - - 2011
Background Total volume using a standard single inferonasal injection for sub-Tenon's anaesthesia is limited by an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) and commonly requires the operating surgeon to top-up the block intraoperatively. This study compares the efficacy and safety of a two-quadrant technique that allows the use of a higher ...
Fiore Andrew C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively reviewed the 12-year (1999 to 2010) clinical and echocardiographic performance of 232 bovine jugular vein conduits for extracardiac right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in non-Ross patients. METHODS: The bovine jugular vein conduit cohorts, group 1 (12 to 14 mm), group 2 (16 to 18 mm), and group ...
Ogundipe Olufemi K - - 2011
PURPOSE: This investigation assesses the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gel on postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus as well as healing and bone regeneration potential on mandibular third molar extraction sockets. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized comparative clinical study was undertaken over a 2-year period. Patients requiring surgical extraction ...
Gonzalez Rodrigo - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: The repair of large congenital diaphragmatic hernia frequently results in patch disruption and recurrence as patients grow in size. Absorbable meshes allow for ingrowth of endogenous tissue as they are degraded, providing a more natural and durable repair. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics ...
Umeki Kenji - - 2011
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: There were differences in bacteriological findings and mortality rates among subgroups of Japanese patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). The HCAP guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America may not necessarily be applicable for accurate diagnosis and optimum treatment of all Japanese patients with ...
Hibi Taizo - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: A paucity of data exists for evaluating therapeutic drug monitoring in association with clinical outcomes of cyclosporine A (CYA) treatment in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS.: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted on 50 consecutive adult patients who underwent LDLT between 2001 and 2009 to investigate the feasibility ...
Sharma Rohit - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clinically evaluate the application of pedicled buccal fat pad (BFP) in the surgical management of stage III and IV oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight cases of clinically and histologically diagnosed cases of OSMF were divided into 2 groups: group ...
Li Chen - - 2011
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the necessity of a nasogastric decompression in radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients by a prospective randomized controlled trial. Methods: From 2007 to 2009, 161 gastric cancer patients who underwent radical gastrectomy were randomly selected and entered into three groups: tube ...
Aminsharifi Alireza - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To compare the effects of one-stage vs gradual dilation techniques during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) on postoperative renal scar formation and overall renal function. Patients and Methods: Of 152 adult patients who underwent surgery during the study period, 48 were randomized into two groups. In group 1 (n=19), gradual ...
Waldert Matthias - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of FloSeal(®) hemostatic matrix in preventing lymphocele development after pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA). Materials and Methods: This was a single-center, matched comparison of lymphadenectomies in laparoscopic and robot-assisted extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy (ERP) performed with and without FloSeal between January 2008 and October 2009. ...
Karavana Hizarcioğlu S Y - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of benzydamine hydrochloride bioadhesive gel on healing of oral mucosal ulceration in an animal model. For in vivo determination of the effects of the bioadhesive gel, 36 rabbits were separated into three groups: the first group was treated with the ...
Aktay Sevima A - - 2011
Objective: To compare mechanical performance of 2 orientations of the 5 mm Corkscrew(®) suture anchor with #5 Fiberwire(®) . Study Design: In vitro biomechanical study. Sample Population: Suture anchor-suture constructs (n=40). Methods: Acute and cyclic tensile loads were applied to suture threaded through eyelets of 40 anchors perpendicular to the long ...
Lucareli P R - - 2011
Study design:Single-blind randomized, controlled clinical study.Objectives:To evaluate, using kinematic gait analysis, the results obtained from gait training on a treadmill with body weight support versus those obtained with conventional gait training and physiotherapy.Setting:Thirty patients with sequelae from traumatic incomplete spinal cord injuries at least 12 months earlier; patients were able ...
Nauta Sjoerd T - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the 7-year clinical outcomes of patients treated with either drug-eluting stents (DES) or bare-metal stents (BMS) for saphenous vein graft disease (SVG). BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic disease in SVG has several peculiarities which make it not possible to extrapolate outcomes of the use of DES as ...
Houle Julie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a socio-cognitive intervention associated with a pedometer-based program on physical activity, cardiovascular risk factors and self-efficacy expectation during one year following an acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Sixty-five subjects were randomized during hospitalization in an experimental or a usual care group. Average steps/day was measured ...
Deenadayal Dasari Samuel - - 2011
Objective. To assess graft uptake rates with the use of cyanoacrylate adhesives in myringoplasty procedures. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods. Five hundred forty-two patients selected with safe central perforations were divided into 4 groups based on perforation size and each divided ...
Kim Jae Ryun - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of benzalkonium chloride (BAK) on the ocular surface in rabbits. METHODS: Eighteen white rabbits were divided into three groups. Topical administration of eye drops was performed four times a day for 14 days; 0.01% BAK for group I, 0.1% BAK for group II, and phosphate-buffered saline ...
Shirabe Ken - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of preoperative oral supplementation of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) on postoperative bacteremia following living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for chronic liver failure. Two hundred and thirty eight patients who underwent adult-to-adult LDLT were evaluated in this retrospective study. The patients divided ...
Sakai Kenichiro - - 2011
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design. Prospective, comparative clinical studyObjective. To compare the clinical outcome of anterior decompression and fusion with floating method and laminoplasty in the treatment of cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).Summary of Background Data. There have been no reports that have accurately and ...
Xiao Peilin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that RAS inhibitors prevented atrial fibrillation by improving atrial electrical and structural remodeling. However, the effect of RAS inhibitors on the substrates of atrial fibrillation (AF) underlying hyperthyroid is unclear. METHODS: Forty rabbits were assigned to four groups: sham group, thyroxine group, benazepril group and irbesartan ...
Yılmaz Fatih - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the deglutitive tongue movements in patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion. Fifty-nine patients (26 male, 33 female) with skeletal Class II relationship were divided into 3 groups according to cephalometric analysis. Group 1 (n = 19) had mandibular retrognathism, group 2 (n = 20) ...
Kubota Keisuke - - 2011
To investigate the phenomenon of remnant gastric motility and emptying after local resection. Fifteen dogs were divided into three groups: a control (CONT) group, a group that underwent local resection of the greater (GREAT) curvature, and a group that underwent resection of the lesser (LESS) curvature. We conducted a strain ...
Fleming Lee - - 2011
The Lapidus procedure has received wide acceptance as a valuable operation for correcting moderate to severe hallux valgus, especially in the presence of hypermobility. However, shortening of the first ray inherently occurs as the first metatarsocuneiform joint cartilage and subchondral bone are resected in preparation for arthrodesis. The purpose of ...
Johal Ama - - 2011
The aim of the study was to investigate psychosocial function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), before and after mandibular advancement splint (MAS) therapy. In a prospective, parallel-group study, changes in psychosocial scores were compared before and after MAS therapy for OSAHS. Patients from the top (MAS treated, ...
Salze G - - 2011
The morphological development of larval cobia Rachycentron canadum from 3 days post hatch (dph) until weaning (27 dph) was examined using S.E.M. Two groups of fish were studied: a control group (CF), reared under standard feeding protocol, and a group in which prey items were enriched with supplemental taurine (4 ...
Ota Takeyoshi - - 2011
Surgical treatment for endocarditis is still challenging and only a handful of studies have analyzed surgical outcomes in patients with active multivalvular endocarditis. From June 1996 to October 2007, 152 patients underwent surgery for active native valve endocarditis; 117 patients with single-valve endocarditis and 35 patients with multivalvular endocarditis. Preoperative ...
Choi Sukgi S - - 2011
To determine whether the characteristics of acute mastoiditis in children have changed in the post-heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) era. Case series. Clinical data for all patients admitted for acute mastoiditis at an urban tertiary children's hospital from July 1, 1996, to June 30, 2009, were reviewed. Patients with a ...
Sar Cağla - - 2011
The aim of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and soft-tissue effects of maxillary protraction with miniplates compared with conventional facemask therapy and an untreated Class III control group. Forty-five subjects who were in prepubertal or pubertal skeletal growth periods were included in the study and ...
Yu Run - - 2011
Objective: To examine whether establishment of a pheochromocytoma interest group improves diagnosis and management of pheochromocytoma in an academic hospital.Methods: The medical records of patients who had preoperative or pathologic diagnosis of pheochromocytoma at a large academic hospital from July 2007 to July 2010 were retrieved and pertinent information was ...
Cindy Malliet - - 2011
To evaluate outcome differences in open surgical and endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic rupture (TAR) over a period of 30 years. We retrospectively reviewed the diagnostic workup and management of all patients and compared outcome before and since the era of endovascular therapy. Between 1980 and 2010, 72 patients with ...
Godoy Andres - - 2011
Quantify attentional distraction to crooked noses pre- and postoperatively as compared with normal noses by using an established metric of attention in a pilot study. Prospective, randomized, controlled experiment with crossover. An eye-tracker system was used to record the eye-movement patterns, called scanpaths, of 40 naive observers gazing at pictures ...
Gunther Idit - - 2011
Objective-To examine demographic differences during a 1-year observational period between urban feeding groups of neutered and unneutered free-roaming cats following a trap-neuter-return procedure. Design-Natural-setting trial. Animals-Free-roaming adult cats (n = 184) and kittens (76) living in 4 feeding groups in an urban region of Israel. Procedures-Cats in 2 feeding groups ...
Janicki J A - - 2011
The Ponseti method of clubfoot management requires a period of bracing in order to maintain correction. This study compared the effectiveness of ankle foot orthoses and Denis Browne boots and bar in the prevention of recurrence following successful initial management. Between 2001 and 2003, 45 children (69 feet) with idiopathic ...
Seo Il-Sook - - 2011
Sevoflurane is widely used for paediatric anaesthesia. However, many cases of emergence agitation after sevoflurane anaesthesia have been reported and pain was suggested as a major contributing factor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of sub-Tenon lidocaine injection on emergence agitation in children receiving sevoflurane or ...
Mulgrew Emma - - 2011
The aim of this single centre retrospective study was to assess the outcome of patients after the fixation of slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) using a single cannulated screw. Thirty-eight slips, 28 stable and 10 unstable were treated with single in-situ screw fixation. The minimum follow-up was 1 year. The ...
Makarouna Maria - - 2011
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of lithium disilicate fixed partial dentures (FPDs). Eighteen patients received lithium disilicate FPDs (study group), and 19 patients received porcelain-fused-to-metal FPDs (control). After 6 years, the survival probabilities were found to be 63% in the study group ...
Shepard Molly K - - 2011
Objective-To determine effects of duration and type of anesthetic on tear production in dogs. Animals-8 female Beagles. Procedures-Each dog was randomly allocated into 1 of 4 groups according to a Latin square design to receive anesthesia as follows: 1 hour with isoflurane, 1 hour with desflurane, 4 hours with isoflurane, ...
Alió Jorge L - - 2011
To compare bilateral reading performance within the first 6 months after implantation of 4 intraocular lens (IOL) models. Vissum-Instituto de Oftalmológico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain, and University Eye Clinic, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria. Comparative case series. Patients had bilateral phacoemulsification and implantation of Acri.Smart 48S monofocal, Acrysof Restor SN6AD3 ...
Wong S C - - 2011
Background  It is unclear whether recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) improves linear growth in children with Crohn's disease (CD). Aims  To investigate the effects of rhGH on height velocity (HV) and glucose homeostasis over a 6-month period. Design and setting  Randomized controlled trial in two tertiary children's hospitals in 22 ...
Link Bruce G - - 2011
Objective: This study examined whether assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) under New York's "Kendra's Law" is associated with reduced arrests for violent and nonviolent offenses. Methods: Arrest records of 183 study participants attending outpatient clinics in New York City, 86 of whom were ever and 97 of whom were never assigned ...
Nakanuma Yasuni - - 2011
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is reported to develop in non-biliary chronic advanced liver diseases (CALD). Herein, we characterize the pathological features of ICC arising in CALD in comparison with those in non-CALD livers. Of 471 surgically resected cases of ICC in Kanazawa, Japan and Seoul, Korea, 53 were associated with CALD ...
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