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Waldert Matthias - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of FloSeal(®) hemostatic matrix in preventing lymphocele development after pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA). Materials and Methods: This was a single-center, matched comparison of lymphadenectomies in laparoscopic and robot-assisted extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy (ERP) performed with and without FloSeal between January 2008 and October 2009. ...
Karavana Hizarcioğlu S Y - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of benzydamine hydrochloride bioadhesive gel on healing of oral mucosal ulceration in an animal model. For in vivo determination of the effects of the bioadhesive gel, 36 rabbits were separated into three groups: the first group was treated with the ...
Aktay Sevima A - - 2011
Objective: To compare mechanical performance of 2 orientations of the 5 mm Corkscrew(®) suture anchor with #5 Fiberwire(®) . Study Design: In vitro biomechanical study. Sample Population: Suture anchor-suture constructs (n=40). Methods: Acute and cyclic tensile loads were applied to suture threaded through eyelets of 40 anchors perpendicular to the long ...
Lucareli P R - - 2011
Study design:Single-blind randomized, controlled clinical study.Objectives:To evaluate, using kinematic gait analysis, the results obtained from gait training on a treadmill with body weight support versus those obtained with conventional gait training and physiotherapy.Setting:Thirty patients with sequelae from traumatic incomplete spinal cord injuries at least 12 months earlier; patients were able ...
Nauta Sjoerd T - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the 7-year clinical outcomes of patients treated with either drug-eluting stents (DES) or bare-metal stents (BMS) for saphenous vein graft disease (SVG). BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic disease in SVG has several peculiarities which make it not possible to extrapolate outcomes of the use of DES as ...
Houle Julie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a socio-cognitive intervention associated with a pedometer-based program on physical activity, cardiovascular risk factors and self-efficacy expectation during one year following an acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Sixty-five subjects were randomized during hospitalization in an experimental or a usual care group. Average steps/day was measured ...
Deenadayal Dasari Samuel - - 2011
Objective. To assess graft uptake rates with the use of cyanoacrylate adhesives in myringoplasty procedures. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods. Five hundred forty-two patients selected with safe central perforations were divided into 4 groups based on perforation size and each divided ...
Kim Jae Ryun - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of benzalkonium chloride (BAK) on the ocular surface in rabbits. METHODS: Eighteen white rabbits were divided into three groups. Topical administration of eye drops was performed four times a day for 14 days; 0.01% BAK for group I, 0.1% BAK for group II, and phosphate-buffered saline ...
Shirabe Ken - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of preoperative oral supplementation of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) on postoperative bacteremia following living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for chronic liver failure. Two hundred and thirty eight patients who underwent adult-to-adult LDLT were evaluated in this retrospective study. The patients divided ...
Sakai Kenichiro - - 2011
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design. Prospective, comparative clinical studyObjective. To compare the clinical outcome of anterior decompression and fusion with floating method and laminoplasty in the treatment of cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).Summary of Background Data. There have been no reports that have accurately and ...
Xiao Peilin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that RAS inhibitors prevented atrial fibrillation by improving atrial electrical and structural remodeling. However, the effect of RAS inhibitors on the substrates of atrial fibrillation (AF) underlying hyperthyroid is unclear. METHODS: Forty rabbits were assigned to four groups: sham group, thyroxine group, benazepril group and irbesartan ...
Yılmaz Fatih - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the deglutitive tongue movements in patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion. Fifty-nine patients (26 male, 33 female) with skeletal Class II relationship were divided into 3 groups according to cephalometric analysis. Group 1 (n = 19) had mandibular retrognathism, group 2 (n = 20) ...
Kubota Keisuke - - 2011
To investigate the phenomenon of remnant gastric motility and emptying after local resection. Fifteen dogs were divided into three groups: a control (CONT) group, a group that underwent local resection of the greater (GREAT) curvature, and a group that underwent resection of the lesser (LESS) curvature. We conducted a strain ...
Fleming Lee - - 2011
The Lapidus procedure has received wide acceptance as a valuable operation for correcting moderate to severe hallux valgus, especially in the presence of hypermobility. However, shortening of the first ray inherently occurs as the first metatarsocuneiform joint cartilage and subchondral bone are resected in preparation for arthrodesis. The purpose of ...
Johal Ama - - 2011
The aim of the study was to investigate psychosocial function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), before and after mandibular advancement splint (MAS) therapy. In a prospective, parallel-group study, changes in psychosocial scores were compared before and after MAS therapy for OSAHS. Patients from the top (MAS treated, ...
Salze G - - 2011
The morphological development of larval cobia Rachycentron canadum from 3 days post hatch (dph) until weaning (27 dph) was examined using S.E.M. Two groups of fish were studied: a control group (CF), reared under standard feeding protocol, and a group in which prey items were enriched with supplemental taurine (4 ...
Ota Takeyoshi - - 2011
Surgical treatment for endocarditis is still challenging and only a handful of studies have analyzed surgical outcomes in patients with active multivalvular endocarditis. From June 1996 to October 2007, 152 patients underwent surgery for active native valve endocarditis; 117 patients with single-valve endocarditis and 35 patients with multivalvular endocarditis. Preoperative ...
Radović Mina - - 2011
Objective  Data pertaining to whether stress-induced aldosterone release is associated with cardiac disorders are lacking. This study was designed to compare whether the modulation of intra-operative aldosterone release by epidural analgesia had an effect on the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. Design, Patients, Measurements  A study was pilot prospective, open ...
Choi Sukgi S - - 2011
To determine whether the characteristics of acute mastoiditis in children have changed in the post-heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) era. Case series. Clinical data for all patients admitted for acute mastoiditis at an urban tertiary children's hospital from July 1, 1996, to June 30, 2009, were reviewed. Patients with a ...
Sar Cağla - - 2011
The aim of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and soft-tissue effects of maxillary protraction with miniplates compared with conventional facemask therapy and an untreated Class III control group. Forty-five subjects who were in prepubertal or pubertal skeletal growth periods were included in the study and ...
Yu Run - - 2011
Objective: To examine whether establishment of a pheochromocytoma interest group improves diagnosis and management of pheochromocytoma in an academic hospital.Methods: The medical records of patients who had preoperative or pathologic diagnosis of pheochromocytoma at a large academic hospital from July 2007 to July 2010 were retrieved and pertinent information was ...
Cindy Malliet - - 2011
To evaluate outcome differences in open surgical and endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic rupture (TAR) over a period of 30 years. We retrospectively reviewed the diagnostic workup and management of all patients and compared outcome before and since the era of endovascular therapy. Between 1980 and 2010, 72 patients with ...
Godoy Andres - - 2011
Quantify attentional distraction to crooked noses pre- and postoperatively as compared with normal noses by using an established metric of attention in a pilot study. Prospective, randomized, controlled experiment with crossover. An eye-tracker system was used to record the eye-movement patterns, called scanpaths, of 40 naive observers gazing at pictures ...
Gunther Idit - - 2011
Objective-To examine demographic differences during a 1-year observational period between urban feeding groups of neutered and unneutered free-roaming cats following a trap-neuter-return procedure. Design-Natural-setting trial. Animals-Free-roaming adult cats (n = 184) and kittens (76) living in 4 feeding groups in an urban region of Israel. Procedures-Cats in 2 feeding groups ...
Reichenberger Matthias Artur - - 2011
: Extracorporal shock wave therapy has a significant positive effect on rescuing the ischemic zone of flap tissue if applied immediately after surgical intervention. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential preoperative effect of noninvasive extracorporal shock wave therapy to precondition flap tissue compared with the well-established ...
Janicki J A - - 2011
The Ponseti method of clubfoot management requires a period of bracing in order to maintain correction. This study compared the effectiveness of ankle foot orthoses and Denis Browne boots and bar in the prevention of recurrence following successful initial management. Between 2001 and 2003, 45 children (69 feet) with idiopathic ...
Seo Il-Sook - - 2011
Sevoflurane is widely used for paediatric anaesthesia. However, many cases of emergence agitation after sevoflurane anaesthesia have been reported and pain was suggested as a major contributing factor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of sub-Tenon lidocaine injection on emergence agitation in children receiving sevoflurane or ...
Mulgrew Emma - - 2011
The aim of this single centre retrospective study was to assess the outcome of patients after the fixation of slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) using a single cannulated screw. Thirty-eight slips, 28 stable and 10 unstable were treated with single in-situ screw fixation. The minimum follow-up was 1 year. The ...
Makarouna Maria - - 2011
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of lithium disilicate fixed partial dentures (FPDs). Eighteen patients received lithium disilicate FPDs (study group), and 19 patients received porcelain-fused-to-metal FPDs (control). After 6 years, the survival probabilities were found to be 63% in the study group ...
Shepard Molly K - - 2011
Objective-To determine effects of duration and type of anesthetic on tear production in dogs. Animals-8 female Beagles. Procedures-Each dog was randomly allocated into 1 of 4 groups according to a Latin square design to receive anesthesia as follows: 1 hour with isoflurane, 1 hour with desflurane, 4 hours with isoflurane, ...
Alió Jorge L - - 2011
To compare bilateral reading performance within the first 6 months after implantation of 4 intraocular lens (IOL) models. Vissum-Instituto de Oftalmológico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain, and University Eye Clinic, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria. Comparative case series. Patients had bilateral phacoemulsification and implantation of Acri.Smart 48S monofocal, Acrysof Restor SN6AD3 ...
Wong S C - - 2011
Background  It is unclear whether recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) improves linear growth in children with Crohn's disease (CD). Aims  To investigate the effects of rhGH on height velocity (HV) and glucose homeostasis over a 6-month period. Design and setting  Randomized controlled trial in two tertiary children's hospitals in 22 ...
Link Bruce G - - 2011
Objective: This study examined whether assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) under New York's "Kendra's Law" is associated with reduced arrests for violent and nonviolent offenses. Methods: Arrest records of 183 study participants attending outpatient clinics in New York City, 86 of whom were ever and 97 of whom were never assigned ...
Nakanuma Yasuni - - 2011
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is reported to develop in non-biliary chronic advanced liver diseases (CALD). Herein, we characterize the pathological features of ICC arising in CALD in comparison with those in non-CALD livers. Of 471 surgically resected cases of ICC in Kanazawa, Japan and Seoul, Korea, 53 were associated with CALD ...
Gu Haotian - - 2011
Chronic low-dose cabergoline treatment for microprolactinoma may cause cardiac valve pathology, but the evidence is contradictory. We investigated whether the expectation of the echocardiographer could influence the report. Transthoracic echocardiograms from 40 patients aged 49·3 ± 9·6 (mean ± SD) years (Men:Women 7:33) on long-term cabergoline and bromocriptine therapy (duration ...
Wakabayashi Taku - - 2011
To compare the visual outcomes and retreatment rate of single injection of intravitreal bevacizumab followed by pro re nata (PRN) treatment and three monthly injections of intravitreal bevacizumab followed by PRN treatment for myopic choroidal neovascularization. Thirty-one consecutive eyes of 31 patients with myopic choroidal neovascularization were retrospectively evaluated. Nineteen ...
Reddy Venkata Gurava - - 2011
Variations in the anatomy of knee are well described, however the true incidence of component asymmetry in bilateral total knee arthroplsties is rarely reported. Incidence of component asymmetry in bilateral total knee arthroplasties (TKA) was retrospectively analysed in 289 cruciate retaining total knee arthroplasties. Medical records of these 289 patients ...
Husain Musharraf - - 2011
Enteric perforation is a grave complication of typhoid fever. Laparotomy with primary closure is the treatment of choice depending upon the bowel condition. Fecal fistula formation is the main concern in primary closure and the incidence of this complication dramatically decreases when omentum is used as a patch over primary ...
Kazemi Seyyed Morteza - - 2011
One of the complications of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) which has not yet been directly addressed is pseudo-patella baja (PPB). True patella baja (PB) is present when the length of the patellar tendon becomes shorter. PPB is present when the patella tendon is not shortened, but the level of the ...
Jo Chris Hyunchul - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of adding multiple channeling of the greater tuberosity on the structural integrity of the repaired rotator cuff tendon. METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and postoperative computed tomography arthrography (CTA) were included in this study; ...
Mahler Simon A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the effect of Emergency Department (ED) overcrowding on resident education. OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of ED overcrowding on Emergency Medicine (EM) resident education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed from March to May 2009. Second- and third-year EM residents, blinded to ...
Ghosh T K - - 2011
The study compared the effects of an antibiotic growth promoter (AGP), yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and yeast cell wall (YCW) on performance, microbiology and histo-morphology of the small intestine and humoral immune responses in Ross 308 broilers. The treatments (eight replicates/treatment, n = 12/replicate) were negative control (NC, without AGP), positive control (PC, ...
Lee Tae Hoon - - 2011
Temporary biliary stenting is both technically easy and feasible, and choleretic agents such as ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and a terpene preparation may promote a reduction in stone size. However, there are few comparative data on the effectiveness of choleretic agents available. To investigate the efficacy of multiple double-pigtail stents with ...
Kasten Philip - - 2011
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether arthroscopic (ASC) repair of rotator cuff ruptures causes less postoperative pain and better range of motion (ROM) in the early postoperative period than a mini-open (MO) technique. Inclusion criteria were a rupture of the supraspinatus tendon with retraction with a maximum ...
Hamel-Desnos C M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess by biological markers the in vivo consequences of foam sclerotherapy (FS) of saphenous veins. The secondary objective of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to compare results of two randomised groups: with or without post-treatment compression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with incompetent great or ...
Beckitt T - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We have used Ultrasound Guided Foam Sclerotherapy (UGFS) to treat varicose veins in 2029 limbs since 2006. In 2009 we introduced physiological gas (30% O(2) and 70% CO(2)) for makingfoam with sodium tetradecyl sulphate (Fibrovein, STD Pharmaceutical Products Ltd, Hereford UK) instead of air. The aim of this study ...
Basel Halil - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Basilic vein transposition fistulas (BVTFs) and prosthetic bridge grafts (PBGs) provide good vascular access for hemodialysis. To evaluate the patency and complication rates after arteriovenous fistula formation, a concurrent series of patients was reviewed. METHODS: Between September 2003 and September 2009, 147 hemodialysis access procedures were performed in 147 ...
El Awady Hatem E - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To compare the outcomes of wavefront-optimized ablation and topography-guided ablation in fellow eyes of patients undergoing laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia. PATIENTS AND METHODS:This prospective study included 84 patients who underwent LASIK in both eyes: wavefront-optimized ablation in one eye (group I) and topography-guided ablation in ...
Zarkawi Moutaz - - 2011
Fifty cyclic fat-tailed Syrian Awassi ewes aged 2-4 years, with a mean weight of 51.4 kg, were used for 4 years to assess the accelerated lambing system (three lambings in 2 years). Ewes were divided into two groups: treated (T) and untreated (C). Ewes in the T group were treated with flugestone acetate for ...
Chen Shao-Liang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Compared to the classical crush, double kissing (DK) crush improved outcomes in patients with coronary bifurcation lesions. However, there is no serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) comparisons between these two techniques. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the mechanisms of the two crush stenting techniques using serial IVUS imaging. METHODS: ...
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