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Guner Ahmet - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the survival of Helicobacter pylori during production of sucuk (Turkish fermented sausage). The sucuk mixture was inoculated with H. pylori ATCC 43504 to produce a final level in the mixture of ∼5 × 10(6) CFU/g. Samples in group I were fermented and ...
Pavaskar Rajdeep - - 2012
This study evaluated the efficacy of calcium hydroxide (CH), Vitapex (VP), linezolid (LZ), a combination of LZ with CH (LC), and a control group (N, no medicament) against Enterococcus faecalis (EF). Human single-rooted premolars were instrumented up to ProTaper size F3 files. EF suspension was inoculated into each root specimen ...
Vigorito Margaret Cornell - - 2011
The Rhode Island (RI) Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Collaborative was designed to improve patient safety and clinical outcomes in adult ICUs through a unit-based patient safety program and evidenced-based practices. Few studies have shown how to draw on a strong safety culture to improve clinical outcomes. A study was conducted ...
Kraft Robert - - 2011
Severe thermal injury induces inflammatory and hypermetabolic responses that are associated with morbidity and mortality. However, it is not well-documented whether the causes of burns affect inflammation, hypermetabolism, and morbidity. The aim of the present study was to determine whether there is a difference in degree of inflammation, hypermetabolism, endocrine ...
Fourie J J - - 2011
The sustained speed of kill against Dermacentor reticulatus of two topical combinations, one containing fipronil/amitraz/(S)-methoprene and the other, imidacloprid/permethrin, was evaluated in dogs. Two treated groups and one untreated control group of eight adult Beagle dogs each were randomly formed based on pre-infestation rates and bodyweight. Each treatment was administered ...
Moore David M - - 2011
Up to 20% of people initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa die during the first year of treatment. Understanding the clinical conditions associated with mortality could potentially lead to effective interventions to prevent these deaths. We examined data from participants aged ≥18 years in the Home-Based AIDS Care project ...
Miller Marlene R - - 2011
Objectives:To evaluate the long-term impact of pediatric central line care practices in reducing PICU central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLA-BSI) rates and to evaluate the added impact of chlorhexidine scrub and chlorhexidine-impregnated sponges.Methods:A 3-year, multi-institutional, interrupted time-series design (October 2006 to September 2009), with historical control data, was used. A nested, ...
Kusachi Shinya - - 2011
Therapeutic options for postoperative infection in gastrointestinal surgery are limited. To identify new treatment alternatives, the Japan Society for Surgical Infection conducted a multicenter prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial comparing the efficacy of intravenous ciprofloxacin (CIP IV) and intravenous meropenem (MEM IV). Between July 2005 and May 2008, the trial ...
Stinner D J - - 2011
Despite continued advances in preoperative preventive measures and aseptic technique, surgical site infections remain a problem. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the time-dependent effectiveness of chlorhexidine, a common surgical preparation solution, at various concentrations. Agar plates containing a Mueller-Hinton medium were inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus (lux) bacteria. ...
Petersson-Wolfe C S - - 2011
A forage-based study was conducted to examine the ability of enterococci, streptococci, and gram-negative bacteria to survive a 3-wk ensiling process. Harvested grass and corn forages were each divided into 3 treatment groups consisting of 2 commercially available silage inoculants and 1 negative control group. Within 24h of harvest, a ...
Ahmadieh Hamid - - 2011
To determine whether combined intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and triamcinolone (IVT) is more effective than IVB alone in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. This was a prospective, randomized clinical trial performed at two centers. Eligible eyes were assigned randomly to one of the two study arms. In the IVB group, 3 consecutive ...
Srirangaraj S S Department of Microbiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pondicherry 607 402, India. - - 2011
There is a need to generate data from India on relative frequencies of specific opportunistic infections (OIs) in different regions and their relation to the choice of commonly used generic highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) regimens. To document the prevailing prevalence pattern of OIs both before and after HAART, to ...
Prates Renato A RA Center for Lasers and Applications, Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas Nucleares, IPEN-CNEN/SP, Cidade Universitária , São Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in periodontal tissue when it is used as an adjuvant treatment for periodontitis. PDT has been used as an adjuvant in the combat of local infections, such as periodontitis, and combines a photosensitizer (PS) with ...
Halpern Casey H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Prevention of surgical site infections is critical in deep brain stimulation (DBS). In the present study, we tested the ability of a self-administered preoperative alcohol-based (70% ethyl alcohol) preparation to reduce the rate of postoperative infection after DBS surgery. METHODS: This Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective review was conducted at ...
Bryce Elizabeth - - 2011
As part of a comprehensive approach to decreasing Clostridium difficile in our health authority, an evaluation of the in-use performance of 2 brands of bedpan decontaminators (BPDs) in 2 acute care facilities was performed. A continuous quality improvement approach consisting of 5 BPD audits and 4 intervention phases was used ...
Bertoni Elisabetta - - 2011
The aim of the study was to compare efficacy of cyclosporine (CsA) very low exposure with everolimus high exposure, with respect to CsA standard exposure with enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) therapy. In a randomized, prospective, single-center, open-label study, patients were enrolled to receive either everolimus (C0 (trough level) 8-12 ng/mL) ...
de Vrese Michael - - 2011
To investigate matrix-specifity of probiotic effects and particularly of the reduction of antibiotics-associated diarrhea, a controlled, randomized, double-blind study was performed, in which 88 Helicobacter pylori-infected but otherwise healthy subjects were given for eight weeks either a) a probiotic fruit yoghurt "mild" containing Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 plus Bifidobacterium lactis BB-12, ...
Tan S K - - 2011
Postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis is often administered intravenously, despite an increased morbidity rate compared with oral application. This study investigates whether a postoperative oral antibiotic regimen is as effective as incorporation of intravenous antibiotics after bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. 42 patients who underwent bimaxillary orthognathic surgery between December 2008 and May 2010 ...
Sun Yinghao - - 2011
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of a novel catheter with a trefoil profile to decrease urothelial irritation and delay catheter associated urinary tract infections by comparing it with a conventional catheter in the rabbit model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel catheter was made of medical silicone with a trefoil profile ...
Bentley R Timothy - - 2011
Case Description-A 12-month-old castrated male Boxer was examined because of signs of acute, progressive intracranial disease. Clinical Findings-Cytologic and histologic findings were consistent with an intracranial fungal granuloma in the right cerebral hemisphere. Fungal culture yielded a Cladophialophora sp. Treatment and Outcome-The granuloma was surgically debulked to remove infected brain ...
Sakalar Yildirim Bayezit - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of intravitreal moxifloxacin with or without dexamethasone on experimental Bacillus cereus endophthalmitis. Methods: The right eyes of 21 New Zealand albino rabbits weighing 2-3 kg were used in this study. Each eye was inoculated with 1×10(6) colony-forming units of B. cereus microorganisms via intravitreal ...
Lee S H - - 2011
SUMMARYWe screened tuberculosis (TB) contacts as an outbreak investigation with tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA). We evaluated adverse events and TB incidence in all persons screened after rifampicin (RFP) prophylaxis, and specifically assessed the new TB cases in relation to initial TST and IGRA results. The ...
Kim Hyun Woo - - 2011
The antibiotic treatment rate of chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) is low, and long-term administration can result in adverse events and bacterial resistance. For these reasons, a new preventive modality, which can replace traditional antibiotic therapy, is required. To evaluate the preventive effect of selenium on CBP, the pre-treatments were divided ...
Yu A - - 2011
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common cause of urogenital infection and is implicated in genesis of male infertility. In this in vitro study, the influence of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-Qinglishengjing pills on spermatozoa infected in vitro with E. coli was studied. Semen samples were prepared by standard technique ...
Michaelian Nancy - - 2011
Perioperative hyperglycemia impairs immunity and contributes to increased susceptibility to infection, higher incidence of multiorgan dysfunction, and greater mortality. Strict glycemic control is associated with lower infection rates, decreased length of stay (LOS), and faster recovery. A protocol that standardized preoperative education, testing, and treatment of elevated blood glucose (BG) ...
Baca Pilar - - 2011
The application of a final irrigating solution that remains active over a fairly long period of time stands as one strategy for preventing bacterial recolonization or eliminating the bacteria that persist after root canal treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the residual antimicrobial activity of four final ...
Kime Tammy - - 2011
Central line associated blood stream infections (CLABIs) are associated with an increase in length of stay, morbidity, hospital costs, and mortality. In 2009, CLABIs were on the increase at Covenant Healthcare's 55 bed Level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Prior to this practice initiative, there were no standardized central ...
Harmanli Oz - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to determine if prophylactic antibiotic use before midurethral sling procedures reduces infectious complications. METHODS: In this double-blinded randomized trial, we compared infectious complications between women who received cefazolin and placebo before midurethral sling procedures. RESULTS: The study was halted due to ...
Garadah Taysir S - - 2011
Chelating therapy in transfusion-dependent patients with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) is mandatory to reduce the toxic effect of iron on the myocardium. To evaluate the impact of low and high dose of oral chelating therapy (deferasirox) on pulsed and tissue echocardiographic indices in patients with β-TM. This interventional study conducted on ...
Hunter James S JS - - 2011
Four laboratory studies were conducted to demonstrate that a single topical dose of a novel spot-on combination containing fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene (CERTIFECT™, Merial Limited, GA, USA) is efficacious against the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus. In each study, 6-8 male and 6-8 female purpose-bred, laboratory mongrels, terrier cross or ...
Baker Christine F - - 2011
Five laboratory studies were conducted to confirm that a single topical dose of the novel combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene, CERTIFECT™ (Merial Limited, GA, USA), is efficacious for the rapid control of pre-existing infestations and the prevention of new infestations with Ixodes scapularis, Dermacentor variabilis, Amblyomma americanum and Amblyomma ...
Prullage Joseph B - - 2011
A novel combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene (CERTIFECT™, Merial Limited, GA, USA) was evaluated for the prevention of attachment of ticks and its ability to cause detachment of ticks. For the two prevention of attachment studies, 20 purpose-bred beagles were allocated each to two equal groups based on pretreatment ...
Johnson Michael R - - 2011
Informed consent is a critical component of all surgical procedures, but patients' understanding and recall of the potential risks/benefits is poor. We hypothesized that utilization of multiple standardized education modalities in the informed consent process would allow for better retention and a more informed patient. A total of 151 patients ...
Farahvash Mohammad-Sadegh - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of preoperative intravitreal injection of bevacizumab on surgery and on the early postoperative course in diabetic patients undergoing vitrectomy for dense vitreous hemorrhage. Thirty-five patients with dense diabetic vitreous hemorrhage were randomly assigned to a group that received 1.25 mg of intravitreal bevacizumab 1 week before ...
Lee Jung Hwan JH Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wooridul Spine Hospital, Seoul, - - 2011
Subacromial steroid injections are used as a treatment method in subacromial bursitis (SB) or shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). However, the steroid effect is relatively restricted to the short-term and repeated injections are frequently required, which contributes to unwanted side effects. As an alternative, botulinum toxin (BT) has recently been used ...
Holt Joshua J University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2011
Bacterial infection of the pin tract represents the most common complication associated with external fixation. This study was designed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of nitric oxide (NO)-releasing xerogel films applied to commercially pure titanium pins in a rat model. Pins were coated with xerogel solution through a dip-coating procedure. ...
Wong Victoria W Y - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the clinical and microbiological profiles of pediatric patients with ocular surface infections requiring corneal or conjunctival scraping for diagnosis. METHODS:: The medical records of 138 consecutive patients aged 18 years or younger who had undergone corneal or conjunctival scraping over a 5-year-period in a tertiary ophthalmic center ...
Maruo Hirohisa - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To report a case of necrotizing nocardial scleritis treated with surgical debridement and topical polyvinyl alcohol iodine (PAI) and antibiotics. Case: A 78-year-old man underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation in the left eye. He had an uncomplicated postoperative course for 2 months but then developed infectious scleritis. ...
Ludwig Andreea A - - 2011
Prospective randomised controlled study. Operation unit in a tertiary academic university hospital in a central European city. Period of the study was springtime and summer 2010. Twenty-four anaesthesiologists with various levels of professional experience were allocated to intubate an airway manikin either with the SensaScope (group S) or with the ...
Shoroghi Mehrdad - - 2011
To investigate anesthesia recovery and hemodynamic status in patients under thiopental infusion or halothane maintenance anesthesia undergoing ocular surgery. Fifty-nine voluntary patients undergoing ocular surgery in Farabi hospital were allocated to one of two maintenance anesthesia groups: inhaled halothane, 0.8 to 1 per cent, (group I, n=37) and thiopental infusion, ...
Beduschi Thiago - - 2011
To evaluate different approaches performed to obtain a more significant esophageal length. An experimental model using 28 cadavers was conceived. Randomized groups: Group A (n=10) underwent laparotomic transhiatal approach; Group B (n=9) which differed from the first in the conduction of a wide phrenotomy and Group C (n=9) esophageal dissection ...
Ragab Mahmoud Ashraf - - 2011
Various methods have been described for tonsillectomy. Convincing evidence in the literature is still lacking regarding the optimal method of performing this surgical procedure. To investigate the outcome of bipolar scissors tonsillectomy and compare it to bipolar diathermy forceps tonsillectomy. A prospective study of 91 patients was done at Cairo ...
Briguglio Francesco - - 2011
Objective: The extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar may result in periodontal complications on the distal surface of the adjacent second molar. The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of three full-thickness flaps on the periodontal healing of the adjacent second molar after extraction of impacted ...
Jácomo Andréa D N - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of oral hygiene with 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate on the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at a tertiary care hospital. One hundred sixty children undergoing surgery for congenital heart ...
Gross Thomas P - - 2011
Various clinical and biomechanical studies suggest certain acetabular positions may be associated with higher wear and failure rates in modern metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasties. However, there are no widely available, reliable, and cost-effective surgical techniques that ensure surgeons are able to place an acetabular component within the safe range of ...
Lou Z-C ZC Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yiwu Central Hospital, Zhejiang, - - 2011
To compare the outcome of patients with dry traumatic tympanic membrane perforation after spontaneous healing and gelfoam patching with or without perforation edge approximation. Prospective clinical study. University-affiliated teaching hospital. Ninety-one patients with acute dry traumatic tympanic membrane perforation inverted or everted edges were recruited. They were randomly allocated to ...
Murray Michael R - - 2011
Deep infection after shoulder surgery is a rare but devastating problem. This study tested the hypothesis that the home application of a 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloth before shoulder surgery would be more efficacious than a standard shower of soap and water at decreasing the preoperative cutaneous levels of pathogenic bacteria ...
Alcántara M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to compare short-term results and long-term outcomes of patients who underwent intraoperative colonic lavage (IOCL) with primary anastomosis with those who had stent placement prior to scheduled surgery for obstructive left-sided colonic cancer (OLCC). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, controlled, randomized study ...
Porizka Michal - - 2011
PURPOSE: Thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) alone or combined with general anesthesia (TEA-GA) has been assumed to improve early postoperative outcome in cardiac surgery. The aim of our study was to investigate data of early and late postoperative outcome results of awake TEA patients undergoing cardiac surgery with comparison to patients ...
Li Ying-Jun - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess corneal edema after torsional phacoemulsification using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and Scheimpflug photography (Pentacam). METHODS: Seventy-six eyes with cataract surgery were randomized into 2 groups: a 2.2 mm micro-coaxial incision group (n = 37) and a 2.8 mm standard incision group (n = 39). Patients were examined preoperatively and at 1 day, ...
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