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Bentley R Timothy - - 2011
Case Description-A 12-month-old castrated male Boxer was examined because of signs of acute, progressive intracranial disease. Clinical Findings-Cytologic and histologic findings were consistent with an intracranial fungal granuloma in the right cerebral hemisphere. Fungal culture yielded a Cladophialophora sp. Treatment and Outcome-The granuloma was surgically debulked to remove infected brain ...
Sakalar Yildirim Bayezit - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of intravitreal moxifloxacin with or without dexamethasone on experimental Bacillus cereus endophthalmitis. Methods: The right eyes of 21 New Zealand albino rabbits weighing 2-3 kg were used in this study. Each eye was inoculated with 1×10(6) colony-forming units of B. cereus microorganisms via intravitreal ...
Lee S H - - 2011
SUMMARYWe screened tuberculosis (TB) contacts as an outbreak investigation with tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA). We evaluated adverse events and TB incidence in all persons screened after rifampicin (RFP) prophylaxis, and specifically assessed the new TB cases in relation to initial TST and IGRA results. The ...
Kim Hyun Woo - - 2011
The antibiotic treatment rate of chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) is low, and long-term administration can result in adverse events and bacterial resistance. For these reasons, a new preventive modality, which can replace traditional antibiotic therapy, is required. To evaluate the preventive effect of selenium on CBP, the pre-treatments were divided ...
Yu A - - 2011
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common cause of urogenital infection and is implicated in genesis of male infertility. In this in vitro study, the influence of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-Qinglishengjing pills on spermatozoa infected in vitro with E. coli was studied. Semen samples were prepared by standard technique ...
Michaelian Nancy - - 2011
Perioperative hyperglycemia impairs immunity and contributes to increased susceptibility to infection, higher incidence of multiorgan dysfunction, and greater mortality. Strict glycemic control is associated with lower infection rates, decreased length of stay (LOS), and faster recovery. A protocol that standardized preoperative education, testing, and treatment of elevated blood glucose (BG) ...
Baca Pilar - - 2011
The application of a final irrigating solution that remains active over a fairly long period of time stands as one strategy for preventing bacterial recolonization or eliminating the bacteria that persist after root canal treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the residual antimicrobial activity of four final ...
Kime Tammy - - 2011
Central line associated blood stream infections (CLABIs) are associated with an increase in length of stay, morbidity, hospital costs, and mortality. In 2009, CLABIs were on the increase at Covenant Healthcare's 55 bed Level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Prior to this practice initiative, there were no standardized central ...
Harmanli Oz - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to determine if prophylactic antibiotic use before midurethral sling procedures reduces infectious complications. METHODS: In this double-blinded randomized trial, we compared infectious complications between women who received cefazolin and placebo before midurethral sling procedures. RESULTS: The study was halted due to ...
Garadah Taysir S - - 2011
Chelating therapy in transfusion-dependent patients with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) is mandatory to reduce the toxic effect of iron on the myocardium. To evaluate the impact of low and high dose of oral chelating therapy (deferasirox) on pulsed and tissue echocardiographic indices in patients with β-TM. This interventional study conducted on ...
Hunter James S JS - - 2011
Four laboratory studies were conducted to demonstrate that a single topical dose of a novel spot-on combination containing fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene (CERTIFECT™, Merial Limited, GA, USA) is efficacious against the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus. In each study, 6-8 male and 6-8 female purpose-bred, laboratory mongrels, terrier cross or ...
Baker Christine F - - 2011
Five laboratory studies were conducted to confirm that a single topical dose of the novel combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene, CERTIFECT™ (Merial Limited, GA, USA), is efficacious for the rapid control of pre-existing infestations and the prevention of new infestations with Ixodes scapularis, Dermacentor variabilis, Amblyomma americanum and Amblyomma ...
Prullage Joseph B - - 2011
A novel combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene (CERTIFECT™, Merial Limited, GA, USA) was evaluated for the prevention of attachment of ticks and its ability to cause detachment of ticks. For the two prevention of attachment studies, 20 purpose-bred beagles were allocated each to two equal groups based on pretreatment ...
Johnson Michael R - - 2011
Informed consent is a critical component of all surgical procedures, but patients' understanding and recall of the potential risks/benefits is poor. We hypothesized that utilization of multiple standardized education modalities in the informed consent process would allow for better retention and a more informed patient. A total of 151 patients ...
Farahvash Mohammad-Sadegh - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of preoperative intravitreal injection of bevacizumab on surgery and on the early postoperative course in diabetic patients undergoing vitrectomy for dense vitreous hemorrhage. Thirty-five patients with dense diabetic vitreous hemorrhage were randomly assigned to a group that received 1.25 mg of intravitreal bevacizumab 1 week before ...
Lee Jung Hwan JH Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wooridul Spine Hospital, Seoul, - - 2011
Subacromial steroid injections are used as a treatment method in subacromial bursitis (SB) or shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). However, the steroid effect is relatively restricted to the short-term and repeated injections are frequently required, which contributes to unwanted side effects. As an alternative, botulinum toxin (BT) has recently been used ...
Holt Joshua J University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2011
Bacterial infection of the pin tract represents the most common complication associated with external fixation. This study was designed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of nitric oxide (NO)-releasing xerogel films applied to commercially pure titanium pins in a rat model. Pins were coated with xerogel solution through a dip-coating procedure. ...
Wong Victoria W Y - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the clinical and microbiological profiles of pediatric patients with ocular surface infections requiring corneal or conjunctival scraping for diagnosis. METHODS:: The medical records of 138 consecutive patients aged 18 years or younger who had undergone corneal or conjunctival scraping over a 5-year-period in a tertiary ophthalmic center ...
Maruo Hirohisa - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To report a case of necrotizing nocardial scleritis treated with surgical debridement and topical polyvinyl alcohol iodine (PAI) and antibiotics. Case: A 78-year-old man underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation in the left eye. He had an uncomplicated postoperative course for 2 months but then developed infectious scleritis. ...
Ludwig Andreea A - - 2011
Prospective randomised controlled study. Operation unit in a tertiary academic university hospital in a central European city. Period of the study was springtime and summer 2010. Twenty-four anaesthesiologists with various levels of professional experience were allocated to intubate an airway manikin either with the SensaScope (group S) or with the ...
Shoroghi Mehrdad - - 2011
To investigate anesthesia recovery and hemodynamic status in patients under thiopental infusion or halothane maintenance anesthesia undergoing ocular surgery. Fifty-nine voluntary patients undergoing ocular surgery in Farabi hospital were allocated to one of two maintenance anesthesia groups: inhaled halothane, 0.8 to 1 per cent, (group I, n=37) and thiopental infusion, ...
Beduschi Thiago - - 2011
To evaluate different approaches performed to obtain a more significant esophageal length. An experimental model using 28 cadavers was conceived. Randomized groups: Group A (n=10) underwent laparotomic transhiatal approach; Group B (n=9) which differed from the first in the conduction of a wide phrenotomy and Group C (n=9) esophageal dissection ...
Ragab Mahmoud Ashraf - - 2011
Various methods have been described for tonsillectomy. Convincing evidence in the literature is still lacking regarding the optimal method of performing this surgical procedure. To investigate the outcome of bipolar scissors tonsillectomy and compare it to bipolar diathermy forceps tonsillectomy. A prospective study of 91 patients was done at Cairo ...
Briguglio Francesco - - 2011
Objective: The extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar may result in periodontal complications on the distal surface of the adjacent second molar. The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of three full-thickness flaps on the periodontal healing of the adjacent second molar after extraction of impacted ...
Jácomo Andréa D N - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of oral hygiene with 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate on the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at a tertiary care hospital. One hundred sixty children undergoing surgery for congenital heart ...
Gross Thomas P - - 2011
Various clinical and biomechanical studies suggest certain acetabular positions may be associated with higher wear and failure rates in modern metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasties. However, there are no widely available, reliable, and cost-effective surgical techniques that ensure surgeons are able to place an acetabular component within the safe range of ...
Lou Z-C ZC Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yiwu Central Hospital, Zhejiang, - - 2011
To compare the outcome of patients with dry traumatic tympanic membrane perforation after spontaneous healing and gelfoam patching with or without perforation edge approximation. Prospective clinical study. University-affiliated teaching hospital. Ninety-one patients with acute dry traumatic tympanic membrane perforation inverted or everted edges were recruited. They were randomly allocated to ...
Murray Michael R - - 2011
Deep infection after shoulder surgery is a rare but devastating problem. This study tested the hypothesis that the home application of a 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloth before shoulder surgery would be more efficacious than a standard shower of soap and water at decreasing the preoperative cutaneous levels of pathogenic bacteria ...
Alcántara M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to compare short-term results and long-term outcomes of patients who underwent intraoperative colonic lavage (IOCL) with primary anastomosis with those who had stent placement prior to scheduled surgery for obstructive left-sided colonic cancer (OLCC). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, controlled, randomized study ...
Porizka Michal - - 2011
PURPOSE: Thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) alone or combined with general anesthesia (TEA-GA) has been assumed to improve early postoperative outcome in cardiac surgery. The aim of our study was to investigate data of early and late postoperative outcome results of awake TEA patients undergoing cardiac surgery with comparison to patients ...
Li Ying-Jun - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess corneal edema after torsional phacoemulsification using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and Scheimpflug photography (Pentacam). METHODS: Seventy-six eyes with cataract surgery were randomized into 2 groups: a 2.2 mm micro-coaxial incision group (n = 37) and a 2.8 mm standard incision group (n = 39). Patients were examined preoperatively and at 1 day, ...
Fukuchi Takeo - - 2011
PURPOSE: To verify the advantages of trabeculotomy combined with phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation and sinusotomy (PTOS) in eyes with exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) and a coexisting cataract. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six eyes of 62 Japanese XFG patients that received either PTOS, phacotrabeculectomy (PTE) or MMC trabeculectomy (LEC) were followed for up ...
Wang Qing Wei - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the urodynamic parameters, development of bladder function and complications of clean intermittent self-catheterization (CIC) in Chinese schoolchildren with neurogenic underactive bladder. Methods: Ninety-three children with neurogenic underactive bladder were successfully treated with CIC or combined with oxybutynin for two years follow-up. According to bladder compliance before CIC, ...
Gervaz Pascal - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Elective laparoscopic sigmoid resection for diverticulitis has proven short-term benefits, but little data are available from prospective randomized trials regarding long-term outcome, quality of life, and functional results. METHODS: Of 113 patients randomized to undergo laparoscopic (LAP) versus open (OP) sigmoid resection for diverticulitis, 105 (93%, LAP = 54, OP = 51) patients ...
Endo Hiroki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated measures to prevent small bowel injuries induced by aspirin. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of probiotic treatment on the small bowel injuries induced by chronic low-dose aspirin use. METHODS: Thirty-five patients who took low-dose enteric-coated aspirin 100 mg daily (for more than 3 months) plus ...
Baciarello M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common adverse effect of intrathecal morphine, especially after Cesarean section. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of intrathecal administration of a small-dose of atropine on postoperative nausea and vomiting after Cesarean section. METHODS: Parturients with ASA physical status class I-II scheduled ...
Sideso E - - 2011
Perioperative complications from carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are the main drawbacks of the procedure. The aim of this study was to assess the complication rates in patients undergoing CEA under general anesthesia (GA) or regional anesthesia (local anesthesia [LA]) at our institution. Patients undergoing CEA at our regional vascular unit between ...
Nankaku Manabu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In early postoperative rehabilitation after THA, it is essential to clarify some factors related to future ambulation ability. The aim of this study was to examine whether it is possible to predict ambulation ability for patients with THA at 6 months postoperatively. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 123 ...
Klezl Zdenek - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty have shown to improve pain and functional outcome in cases with symptomatic vertebral fractures. Although restoration of the vertebral body height and kyphosis seemed to be easier with balloon kyphoplasty, it became clear that some of the correction achieved by the balloon is lost once ...
Vons Corinne - - 2011
Researchers have suggested that antibiotics could cure acute appendicitis. We assessed the efficacy of amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid by comparison with emergency appendicectomy for treatment of patients with uncomplicated acute appendicitis. In this open-label, non-inferiority, randomised trial, adult patients (aged 18-68 years) with uncomplicated acute appendicitis, as assessed by CT ...
Wang Guodong - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphology of pedicle in thoracic and lumbar spine in scoliosis associated with Chiari malformation/Syringomyelia-comparison with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients of Lenke type 1 AIS and 21 patients of scoliosis associated with Chiari malformation/Syringomyelia with the similar curve type to Lenke 1 ...
Dogra Prem N - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and probability of recovery of erectile dysfunction after different types of one-stage urethroplasties for anterior urethral stricture disease. METHODS: Seventy-eight men undergoing single-stage anterior urethroplasty from January 1, 2008 to March 31, 2010 were followed prospectively. Patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (n ...
Abdel-Aziz Mosaad - - 2011
Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is a common problem after cleft palate repair; secondary surgery may be needed to treat this condition. Pharyngeal flap is usually selected for cases with sagittal closure pattern, and sphincter pharyngoplasty is used for cases with coronal closure pattern, whereas cases with circular closure pattern may be ...
Aksoy Elif - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The aim of this retrospective chart review of the patients who had septal surgery with or without turbinate surgery was to compare the postoperative complication rates according to the time of intranasal-splint (INS) removal. METHODS:: The data of 137 patients who underwent septal surgery with or without turbinate surgery ...
Undas Anetta - - 2011
We compared the effect of simvastatin versus simvastatin combined with ezetimibe on hemostasis and inflammation following acute coronary events (ACS). In an investigator-initiated, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study, the ACS patients were assigned to simvastatin 40 mg/d+ezetimibe 10 mg/d (n=26) or simvastatin 40 mg/d+placebo (n=28) administered for 2 months. Markers of ...
Fujita Norifumi - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to obtain more than 2 years' follow-up after surgery to investigate the effect of the difference in rotatory stability based on our previous data on the clinical outcome among 3 groups: double-bundle (DB) reconstruction group, anteromedial (AM) single-bundle reconstruction group, and posterolateral (PL) ...
Khan I - - 2011
The aim of the study was to compare a single surgeon's post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage rates using cold steel dissection and coblation tonsillectomy techniques. Retrospective study on patients, who underwent tonsillectomy at West Wales General Hospital (WWGH) performed by a single surgeon from 2006 to 2010 employing both cold steel and coblation ...
Yazici A T - - 2011
PUPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of the cornea and intraocular pressure (IOP) between patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) and age-matched controls. In this prospective study, 30 healthy individuals (control group) and 30 patients with SLE (study group) underwent Reichert ocular response analyzer ...
Windsor Richard R The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, DC 20037, USA. - - 2011
This two-phase evaluation documented the delivery and effectiveness of evidence-based health education methods by regular staff to pregnant smokers. During Phase 1, a total of 436 Medicaid patients were screened and 416 (95%) gave consent: 334 nonsmokers and 102 smokers. This historical Comparison (C) group was assessed to document the ...
Chen Sung-Lang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to compare the results of a transrectal ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin injection with those of a cystoscopy-guided method to the external urethral sphincter in treating detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia. DESIGN:: A total of 18 suprasacral spinal cord-injured patients with detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia were ...
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