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Ludwig Andreea A - - 2011
Prospective randomised controlled study. Operation unit in a tertiary academic university hospital in a central European city. Period of the study was springtime and summer 2010. Twenty-four anaesthesiologists with various levels of professional experience were allocated to intubate an airway manikin either with the SensaScope (group S) or with the ...
Shoroghi Mehrdad - - 2011
To investigate anesthesia recovery and hemodynamic status in patients under thiopental infusion or halothane maintenance anesthesia undergoing ocular surgery. Fifty-nine voluntary patients undergoing ocular surgery in Farabi hospital were allocated to one of two maintenance anesthesia groups: inhaled halothane, 0.8 to 1 per cent, (group I, n=37) and thiopental infusion, ...
Beduschi Thiago - - 2011
To evaluate different approaches performed to obtain a more significant esophageal length. An experimental model using 28 cadavers was conceived. Randomized groups: Group A (n=10) underwent laparotomic transhiatal approach; Group B (n=9) which differed from the first in the conduction of a wide phrenotomy and Group C (n=9) esophageal dissection ...
Ragab Mahmoud Ashraf - - 2011
Various methods have been described for tonsillectomy. Convincing evidence in the literature is still lacking regarding the optimal method of performing this surgical procedure. To investigate the outcome of bipolar scissors tonsillectomy and compare it to bipolar diathermy forceps tonsillectomy. A prospective study of 91 patients was done at Cairo ...
Briguglio Francesco - - 2011
Objective: The extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar may result in periodontal complications on the distal surface of the adjacent second molar. The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of three full-thickness flaps on the periodontal healing of the adjacent second molar after extraction of impacted ...
Jácomo Andréa D N - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of oral hygiene with 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate on the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at a tertiary care hospital. One hundred sixty children undergoing surgery for congenital heart ...
Gross Thomas P - - 2011
Various clinical and biomechanical studies suggest certain acetabular positions may be associated with higher wear and failure rates in modern metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasties. However, there are no widely available, reliable, and cost-effective surgical techniques that ensure surgeons are able to place an acetabular component within the safe range of ...
Murray Michael R - - 2011
Deep infection after shoulder surgery is a rare but devastating problem. This study tested the hypothesis that the home application of a 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloth before shoulder surgery would be more efficacious than a standard shower of soap and water at decreasing the preoperative cutaneous levels of pathogenic bacteria ...
Alcántara M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to compare short-term results and long-term outcomes of patients who underwent intraoperative colonic lavage (IOCL) with primary anastomosis with those who had stent placement prior to scheduled surgery for obstructive left-sided colonic cancer (OLCC). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, controlled, randomized study ...
Porizka Michal - - 2011
PURPOSE: Thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) alone or combined with general anesthesia (TEA-GA) has been assumed to improve early postoperative outcome in cardiac surgery. The aim of our study was to investigate data of early and late postoperative outcome results of awake TEA patients undergoing cardiac surgery with comparison to patients ...
Li Ying-Jun - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess corneal edema after torsional phacoemulsification using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and Scheimpflug photography (Pentacam). METHODS: Seventy-six eyes with cataract surgery were randomized into 2 groups: a 2.2 mm micro-coaxial incision group (n = 37) and a 2.8 mm standard incision group (n = 39). Patients were examined preoperatively and at 1 day, ...
Fukuchi Takeo - - 2011
PURPOSE: To verify the advantages of trabeculotomy combined with phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation and sinusotomy (PTOS) in eyes with exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) and a coexisting cataract. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six eyes of 62 Japanese XFG patients that received either PTOS, phacotrabeculectomy (PTE) or MMC trabeculectomy (LEC) were followed for up ...
Wang Qing Wei - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the urodynamic parameters, development of bladder function and complications of clean intermittent self-catheterization (CIC) in Chinese schoolchildren with neurogenic underactive bladder. Methods: Ninety-three children with neurogenic underactive bladder were successfully treated with CIC or combined with oxybutynin for two years follow-up. According to bladder compliance before CIC, ...
Gervaz Pascal - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Elective laparoscopic sigmoid resection for diverticulitis has proven short-term benefits, but little data are available from prospective randomized trials regarding long-term outcome, quality of life, and functional results. METHODS: Of 113 patients randomized to undergo laparoscopic (LAP) versus open (OP) sigmoid resection for diverticulitis, 105 (93%, LAP = 54, OP = 51) patients ...
Endo Hiroki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated measures to prevent small bowel injuries induced by aspirin. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of probiotic treatment on the small bowel injuries induced by chronic low-dose aspirin use. METHODS: Thirty-five patients who took low-dose enteric-coated aspirin 100 mg daily (for more than 3 months) plus ...
Baciarello M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common adverse effect of intrathecal morphine, especially after Cesarean section. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of intrathecal administration of a small-dose of atropine on postoperative nausea and vomiting after Cesarean section. METHODS: Parturients with ASA physical status class I-II scheduled ...
Sideso E - - 2011
Perioperative complications from carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are the main drawbacks of the procedure. The aim of this study was to assess the complication rates in patients undergoing CEA under general anesthesia (GA) or regional anesthesia (local anesthesia [LA]) at our institution. Patients undergoing CEA at our regional vascular unit between ...
Nankaku Manabu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In early postoperative rehabilitation after THA, it is essential to clarify some factors related to future ambulation ability. The aim of this study was to examine whether it is possible to predict ambulation ability for patients with THA at 6 months postoperatively. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 123 ...
Klezl Zdenek - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty have shown to improve pain and functional outcome in cases with symptomatic vertebral fractures. Although restoration of the vertebral body height and kyphosis seemed to be easier with balloon kyphoplasty, it became clear that some of the correction achieved by the balloon is lost once ...
Vons Corinne - - 2011
Researchers have suggested that antibiotics could cure acute appendicitis. We assessed the efficacy of amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid by comparison with emergency appendicectomy for treatment of patients with uncomplicated acute appendicitis. In this open-label, non-inferiority, randomised trial, adult patients (aged 18-68 years) with uncomplicated acute appendicitis, as assessed by CT ...
Wang Guodong - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphology of pedicle in thoracic and lumbar spine in scoliosis associated with Chiari malformation/Syringomyelia-comparison with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients of Lenke type 1 AIS and 21 patients of scoliosis associated with Chiari malformation/Syringomyelia with the similar curve type to Lenke 1 ...
Dogra Prem N - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and probability of recovery of erectile dysfunction after different types of one-stage urethroplasties for anterior urethral stricture disease. METHODS: Seventy-eight men undergoing single-stage anterior urethroplasty from January 1, 2008 to March 31, 2010 were followed prospectively. Patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (n ...
Abdel-Aziz Mosaad - - 2011
Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is a common problem after cleft palate repair; secondary surgery may be needed to treat this condition. Pharyngeal flap is usually selected for cases with sagittal closure pattern, and sphincter pharyngoplasty is used for cases with coronal closure pattern, whereas cases with circular closure pattern may be ...
Aksoy Elif - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The aim of this retrospective chart review of the patients who had septal surgery with or without turbinate surgery was to compare the postoperative complication rates according to the time of intranasal-splint (INS) removal. METHODS:: The data of 137 patients who underwent septal surgery with or without turbinate surgery ...
Undas Anetta - - 2011
We compared the effect of simvastatin versus simvastatin combined with ezetimibe on hemostasis and inflammation following acute coronary events (ACS). In an investigator-initiated, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study, the ACS patients were assigned to simvastatin 40 mg/d+ezetimibe 10 mg/d (n=26) or simvastatin 40 mg/d+placebo (n=28) administered for 2 months. Markers of ...
Fujita Norifumi - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to obtain more than 2 years' follow-up after surgery to investigate the effect of the difference in rotatory stability based on our previous data on the clinical outcome among 3 groups: double-bundle (DB) reconstruction group, anteromedial (AM) single-bundle reconstruction group, and posterolateral (PL) ...
Khan I - - 2011
The aim of the study was to compare a single surgeon's post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage rates using cold steel dissection and coblation tonsillectomy techniques. Retrospective study on patients, who underwent tonsillectomy at West Wales General Hospital (WWGH) performed by a single surgeon from 2006 to 2010 employing both cold steel and coblation ...
Yazici A T - - 2011
PUPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of the cornea and intraocular pressure (IOP) between patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) and age-matched controls. In this prospective study, 30 healthy individuals (control group) and 30 patients with SLE (study group) underwent Reichert ocular response analyzer ...
Windsor Richard - - 2011
This two-phase evaluation documented the delivery and effectiveness of evidence-based health education methods by regular staff to pregnant smokers. During Phase 1, a total of 436 Medicaid patients were screened and 416 (95%) gave consent: 334 nonsmokers and 102 smokers. This historical Comparison (C) group was assessed to document the ...
Chen Sung-Lang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to compare the results of a transrectal ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin injection with those of a cystoscopy-guided method to the external urethral sphincter in treating detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia. DESIGN:: A total of 18 suprasacral spinal cord-injured patients with detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia were ...
Silva Eliane Maria - - 2011
The objective of this study is to assess the effects of Global Postural Reeducation (GPR) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and compare GPR with group conventional segmental self-stretching and breathing exercises. This is a controlled interventional study of 38 patients divided into 2 groups: a GPR group (n = 22) and a ...
Yoshida T - - 2011
Objective To clarify the effects of ovariectomy on lipid and bone metabolism. Methods This study was a prospective study with a longitudinal design within 1 year after surgery. Sixty-two premenopausal women were recruited and divided into two groups: group M (preservation of ovary, n = 27) and group BSO (bilateral ovariectomy, n = 35). Serum lipid ...
Gill Vip S - - 2011
Background Total volume using a standard single inferonasal injection for sub-Tenon's anaesthesia is limited by an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) and commonly requires the operating surgeon to top-up the block intraoperatively. This study compares the efficacy and safety of a two-quadrant technique that allows the use of a higher ...
Fiore Andrew C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively reviewed the 12-year (1999 to 2010) clinical and echocardiographic performance of 232 bovine jugular vein conduits for extracardiac right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in non-Ross patients. METHODS: The bovine jugular vein conduit cohorts, group 1 (12 to 14 mm), group 2 (16 to 18 mm), and group ...
Ogundipe Olufemi K - - 2011
PURPOSE: This investigation assesses the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gel on postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus as well as healing and bone regeneration potential on mandibular third molar extraction sockets. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized comparative clinical study was undertaken over a 2-year period. Patients requiring surgical extraction ...
Gonzalez Rodrigo - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: The repair of large congenital diaphragmatic hernia frequently results in patch disruption and recurrence as patients grow in size. Absorbable meshes allow for ingrowth of endogenous tissue as they are degraded, providing a more natural and durable repair. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics ...
Umeki Kenji - - 2011
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: There were differences in bacteriological findings and mortality rates among subgroups of Japanese patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). The HCAP guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America may not necessarily be applicable for accurate diagnosis and optimum treatment of all Japanese patients with ...
Hibi Taizo - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: A paucity of data exists for evaluating therapeutic drug monitoring in association with clinical outcomes of cyclosporine A (CYA) treatment in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS.: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted on 50 consecutive adult patients who underwent LDLT between 2001 and 2009 to investigate the feasibility ...
Sharma Rohit - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clinically evaluate the application of pedicled buccal fat pad (BFP) in the surgical management of stage III and IV oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight cases of clinically and histologically diagnosed cases of OSMF were divided into 2 groups: group ...
Li Chen - - 2011
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the necessity of a nasogastric decompression in radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients by a prospective randomized controlled trial. Methods: From 2007 to 2009, 161 gastric cancer patients who underwent radical gastrectomy were randomly selected and entered into three groups: tube ...
Aminsharifi Alireza - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To compare the effects of one-stage vs gradual dilation techniques during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) on postoperative renal scar formation and overall renal function. Patients and Methods: Of 152 adult patients who underwent surgery during the study period, 48 were randomized into two groups. In group 1 (n=19), gradual ...
Waldert Matthias - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of FloSeal(®) hemostatic matrix in preventing lymphocele development after pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA). Materials and Methods: This was a single-center, matched comparison of lymphadenectomies in laparoscopic and robot-assisted extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy (ERP) performed with and without FloSeal between January 2008 and October 2009. ...
Karavana Hizarcioğlu S Y - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of benzydamine hydrochloride bioadhesive gel on healing of oral mucosal ulceration in an animal model. For in vivo determination of the effects of the bioadhesive gel, 36 rabbits were separated into three groups: the first group was treated with the ...
Aktay Sevima A - - 2011
Objective: To compare mechanical performance of 2 orientations of the 5 mm Corkscrew(®) suture anchor with #5 Fiberwire(®) . Study Design: In vitro biomechanical study. Sample Population: Suture anchor-suture constructs (n=40). Methods: Acute and cyclic tensile loads were applied to suture threaded through eyelets of 40 anchors perpendicular to the long ...
Lucareli P R - - 2011
Study design:Single-blind randomized, controlled clinical study.Objectives:To evaluate, using kinematic gait analysis, the results obtained from gait training on a treadmill with body weight support versus those obtained with conventional gait training and physiotherapy.Setting:Thirty patients with sequelae from traumatic incomplete spinal cord injuries at least 12 months earlier; patients were able ...
Nauta Sjoerd T - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the 7-year clinical outcomes of patients treated with either drug-eluting stents (DES) or bare-metal stents (BMS) for saphenous vein graft disease (SVG). BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic disease in SVG has several peculiarities which make it not possible to extrapolate outcomes of the use of DES as ...
Houle Julie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a socio-cognitive intervention associated with a pedometer-based program on physical activity, cardiovascular risk factors and self-efficacy expectation during one year following an acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Sixty-five subjects were randomized during hospitalization in an experimental or a usual care group. Average steps/day was measured ...
Deenadayal Dasari Samuel - - 2011
Objective. To assess graft uptake rates with the use of cyanoacrylate adhesives in myringoplasty procedures. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods. Five hundred forty-two patients selected with safe central perforations were divided into 4 groups based on perforation size and each divided ...
Kim Jae Ryun - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of benzalkonium chloride (BAK) on the ocular surface in rabbits. METHODS: Eighteen white rabbits were divided into three groups. Topical administration of eye drops was performed four times a day for 14 days; 0.01% BAK for group I, 0.1% BAK for group II, and phosphate-buffered saline ...
Shirabe Ken - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of preoperative oral supplementation of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) on postoperative bacteremia following living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for chronic liver failure. Two hundred and thirty eight patients who underwent adult-to-adult LDLT were evaluated in this retrospective study. The patients divided ...
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