Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 2868
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Plaweski Stephane - - 2011
PURPOSE: Based on biomechanical anatomical studies, double-bundle reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) was introduced to achieve better stability in the knee, particularly in respect of rotatory loads. An in vivo, computer-assisted, double-bundle (DB) ACL reconstruction is superior to a single-bundle (SB) ACL reconstruction at reducing rotatory, and AP ...
Imöhl Matthias - - 2011
A nationwide laboratory-based surveillance study was conducted to analyse the epidemiology of varicella associated invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) infections in Germany. A total of 1,342 iGAS samples were collected between 1 January 1996 and 22 September 2009. For 21 of these isolates an association with varicella was noticed. The ...
van der Linden Philippe - - 2011
Background: MP4OX (oxygenated polyethylene glycol-modified hemoglobin) is a novel oxygen therapeutic agent specifically developed to perfuse and oxygenate tissue at risk for ischemia and hypoxia. In this study, we investigated the ability of MP4OX to treat hypotensive episodes. In addition, the tolerability profile of MP4OX in a large surgical population ...
Müslüman Ahmet Murat - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the methods of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and posterolateral fusion (PLF) in cases of isthmic Grades 1 and 2 lumbar spondylolisthesis, and to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the procedures. Operations were performed in 50 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis in the ...
Blanco Juan - - 2011
Objective: To compare ridge alterations after flap and flapless tooth extraction in the vertical and horizontal dimension in the dog model. Material and methods: This study was carried out on five Beagle dogs. Four extractions were performed in the lower jaw of each dog (two per side. Pm3, Pm4). At ...
Deren Matthew E - - 2011
Prewarming operating rooms has been shown to limit hypothermia in pediatric surgical patients but may be associated with extreme discomfort for surgeons. We examined the effect of prewarming operating rooms on core temperatures during knee and hip arthroplasties. Sixty-six patients were randomized to the prewarmed group at 24°C or control ...
Basmak H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare outcomes of endocanalicular laser-assisted endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with and without partial anterior middle turbinectomy.METHODS: A prospective randomized comparative study was conducted on 91 subjects with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction, undergoing endocanalicular (ECL) procedures. Group 1 was composed of 44 (7 bilateral) patients ...
Ye X M - - 2011
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate for the change in cough reflex sensitivity (CRS) caused by parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) infection. Guinea pigs were randomized into a vehicle control, an asthma control, or 1 of 4 PIV3-inoculated groups (referred to as postinfection day [PID] 6, 12, ...
Cheung Chi Wai - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine the analgesic effects of locally applied dexmedetomidine in third molar surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: Patients undergoing bilateral third molar surgery under general anesthesia were recruited into this double-blind, randomized, controlled study and were allocated to 3 study groups. Group D received preincision intravenous dexmedetomidine (1 mcg/kg) ...
Michallet Mauricette M Department of Hematology, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France. - - 2011
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies. To investigate the immediate and mid-term benefits of posaconazole prophylaxis in AML patients undergoing first induction chemotherapy and to study the infection risk factors, we prospectively studied the IA incidence in these patients ...
Le Kimberly N - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of dexmedetomidine on early extubation in post-operative pediatric cardiac patients compared to patients on standard sedation regimens without dexmedetomidine. METHODS: Retrospective study comparing dexmedetomidine infusion (DEX) to our standard sedation regimens (control). RESULTS: A total of 269 patients were included (control: n = 180; DEX: n = 89). The ...
Lai Ren-Chun - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using serum heart fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) concentrations as an early biomarker for doxorubicin-induced myocardial damage. Forty-four male rabbits were randomly divided into a control (8 rabbits) or one of four doxorubicin groups (8 rabbits in each group). Rabbits ...
Zaytoun Osama M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prostate biopsy complications were affected by 2 varying prebiospy protocols implemented at our institution. Although transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate biopsy is considered generally safe, it is associated with significant complications. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a total of 1438 TRUS-guided prostate biopsies between January 2001 and ...
Tzeng Bing-Chang - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role, safety, and effectiveness of Doppler ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: The present study was a prospectively randomized controlled trial performed from March 2007 to February 2010. A total of 131 patients, scheduled for PCNL to remove huge renal stones (diameter >35 mm) and staghorn stones, ...
Hölzle Frank - - 2011
Buccal mucosal grafting has become the gold standard for reconstruction of urethral strictures. The aim of this study was to investigate donor site morbidity with a unique emphasis on objective measurements of perfusion and oxygenation. METHODS: In a prospective study 15 male patients with recurrent urethral strictures, underwent urethroplasty using ...
Schlatter L - - 2011
Propofol and the combination of a benzodiazepine and an opiate have been established for sedation in flexible bronchoscopy. It is as yet unknown whether propofol in combination with an opiate is superior to propofol alone to suppress cough during the procedure. 300 consecutive patients undergoing flexible bronchoscopy at a tertiary ...
Hoffmann Boris A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation (CA) is considered the treatment of choice for patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, there is a tendency to avoid CA in the elderly because of a presumed increased risk of periprocedural atrioventricular (AV) nodal block. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this prospective registry was to ...
Blockeel Christophe - - 2011
Context: Strategies involving mild ovarian stimulation protocols for in vitro fertilization (IVF) might lessen discomfort to the patient and substantially lower complication rates. Objective: The objective of the study was to compare the follicular-phase endocrine characteristics and follicular development in patients who started recombinant FSH (recFSH) on cycle day (CD) ...
Pushkar Dmitry Y - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of complications associated with the use of retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT-O) for the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 1081 patients were treated for SUI via mid-urethral slings, and the outcomes of those ...
Phoenix Austin - - 2011
To examine changes in hyoid to mandibular plane distance (H-MP) and tongue length (TL) between children who had orthodontic treatment with and without rapid maxillary expansion (RME). Lateral and frontal cephalograms of 138 patients treated with RME and 148 controls treated without RME were used to measure pretreatment (T(1)) and ...
Guerif F - - 2011
BACKGROUND Embryologists currently face a challenge when counselling patients regarding the stage and the number of embryos to transfer when no top-quality embryos (TQE) are available. METHODS The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of single blastocyst transfer (SBT) in comparison with the transfer of two cleavage-stage ...
Shaker Hassan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that not trimming the edges of the vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) during its surgical repair has an advantage in the outcome as compared to the classical teaching of trimming the fistula. METHODOLOGY: Sixty-four females with obstetric VVF were randomized into two groups. Both groups were treated ...
Kim Joon Bum - - 2011
Objective: In acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection, it is still controversial whether to perform extended aortic replacement to improve long-term outcome or to use a conservative strategy with ascending aortic and hemiarch replacement to palliate a life-threatening condition. Methods: Between 1999 and 2009, 188 consecutive patients (93 women; mean ...
Makras Polyzois - - 2011
The acute-phase response (APR) is frequently observed in patients treated with intravenous (iv) zoledronate (ZOL). We investigated whether a short course of rosuvastatin (ROSU) could attenuate the ZOL-induced APR through blocking the mevalonate pathway at a proximal level. Twenty-eight osteoporotic postmenopausal women with no prior bisphosphonate use (mean age 65.3 ± 1.9 years) ...
Mika Piotr - - 2011
Objective: To assess the effect of pain-free treadmill training on changes of plasma fibrinogen, haematocrit, lipid profile, and walking ability in patients with claudication. Design: Randomized control trial. Methods: Sixty-eight patients with peripheral obstructive arterial disease and intermittent claudication (Fontaine stage II) were randomly assigned into the treadmill training (repetitive ...
Rubak Sune - - 2011
OBJECTIVE. "Motivational interviewing" (MI) has shown to be broadly applicable in the management of behavioural problems and diseases. Only a few studies have evaluated the effect of MI on type 2 diabetes treatment and none has explored the effect of MI on target-driven intensive treatment. METHODS. Patients were cluster-randomized by ...
Adzick N Scott - - 2011
Prenatal repair of myelomeningocele, the most common form of spina bifida, may result in better neurologic function than repair deferred until after delivery. We compared outcomes of in utero repair with standard postnatal repair. We randomly assigned eligible women to undergo either prenatal surgery before 26 weeks of gestation or ...
Kiefer Nicholas - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Perioperative fluid restriction might be beneficial in specific clinical settings. In this prospective, randomized and blinded study, we assessed whether peristaltic pneumatic compression of the legs can support restrictive fluid management strategies by reducing intraoperative fluid demand and improving hemodynamic stability. METHODS:: Seventy patients scheduled for minor surgery were ...
Cortellini Pierpaolo - - 2011
Cortellini P, Tonetti MS: Clinical and radiographic outcomes of the modified minimally invasive surgical technique with and without regenerative materials: a randomized-controlled trial in intra-bony defects. J Clin Peridontol 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01705.x. ABSTRACT: Aims: This three-arm study compared the clinical and radiographic efficacy of the modified minimally invasive surgical technique ...
Stöhr Frederik - - 2011
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly applied as rescue-therapy for patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Here, we evaluate the effect of different configuration strategies (venovenous vs. venoarterial vs. veno-venoarterial) on the outcome. From 2006 to 2008, 30 patients received ECMO for severe ARDS. Patients were divided into ...
Cavallaro Giuseppe - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Axillary node dissection (ALND) is affected by various complications, (hematoma, seroma, lymphocele, infections). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Harmonic Focus (HF) in reducing these complications. Materials and METHODS: 92 patients requiring ALND, were divided into two group: Group A (HF) (33 women, 14 ...
De La Paz María Fideliz - - 2011
PURPOSE: To report the long-term functional and anatomic outcomes of osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis and tibial bone keratoprosthesis; to analyze the influence of clinical factors, such as surgical technique, primary diagnosis, age, and postoperative complications, on the final outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: setting: Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, between 1974 and 2005. ...
Wang Ching-Jen - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in chronic diabetic foot ulcers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ESWT group (39 patients/44 feet) received shockwave therapy twice per week for total six treatments. The HBOT group (38 patients/40 feet) received hyperbaric oxygen therapy ...
Neri Isabella - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: This article investigates the efficacy of acupuncture for the maintenance of breastfeeding during the first 3 months of a newborn's life. Subjects and interventions: After written informed consent was obtained, 90 women were randomly divided into two groups: acupuncture treatment or observation. Acupuncture sessions were performed twice weekly ...
Choi Hyung-Joo - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To investigate the relationship between temporomandibular joint disk displacement (TMJ DD) and facial asymmetry in skeletal Class III patients. Materials and Methods: The subjects comprised 97 skeletal Class III adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment. In addition to the routine lateral and posteroanterior (PA) cephalograms, and regardless of the ...
Armi Pamela - - 2011
To determine the effectiveness of orthodontic treatment finalized on the maintenance/improvement the upper arch perimeter to assist in the successful eruption of palatally displaced maxillary canines (PDCs). The randomized prospective design comprised 64 subjects with PDCs who were randomly assigned to one of three groups: cervical pull headgear (HG); rapid ...
Gao Xin - - 2011
A modified apical dissection of the prostate to improve the efficiency of vesico-urethral anastomosis (VUA) in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) was reported. A total of 42 patients were randomly selected and enrolled in this study. A standard LRP was performed in 21 patients (group 1), whereas a novel, modified apical ...
Nose Satoko - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic factors and review the outcome of primary isolated fetal ascites. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted for fetuses with primary isolated ascites with a prenatal diagnosis between 1994 and 2009. The patients were divided into the favorable ...
Nagendran Myura - - 2011
A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether double lung transplantation should be performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in order to improve postoperative clinical outcomes. Altogether 386 papers were found using the reported search, of which 14 ...
Okten Riza S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To compare estimated remnant liver volume (ERLV) ratios among the major main portal vein (MPV) variants. METHODS: Eighty-five potential donors underwent multidetector CT examination. Arterial, portal and hepatic venous phase images were obtained. CT volumetric measurements were performed by using summation-of-area method. MPV variants were classified into three groups. ...
Steele Matthew H - - 2011
Early recognition of threatened free-flap failure is paramount to flap salvage. A noninvasive, reproducible, sensitive monitoring tool would be a useful adjunct to clinical examination. The purpose of this study was to examine outcomes using a near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) tissue oximeter for postoperative flap monitoring. A total of 128 free ...
Alesina Pier F - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although the safety and advantages of minimally invasive, video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) are well documented in nodular thyroid disease, its role in Graves' disease is controversial. We compared the outcomes of patients undergoing MIVAT with those undergoing conventional thyroidectomy for Graves' disease. METHODS: Of the 497 patients with Graves' disease ...
Moskal Joseph T - - 2011
Advocates for navigated (NAV) total hip arthroplasty (THA) emphasize the potential for improved component placement. We reviewed published literature to investigate the claim of increased precision of acetabular component placement in navigated THA compared to conventional (N-NAV) THA. Major medical and publishers' databases were searched, making no restrictions for study ...
Ramkumar Venkateswaran - - 2011
PURPOSE: Failed airway is the anesthesiologist's nightmare. Although conventional preoxygenation can provide time, atelectasis occurs in the dependent areas of the lungs immediately after anesthetic induction. Therefore, alternatives such as positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and head-up tilt during preoxygenation have been explored. We compared the conventional preoxygenation technique (group C) ...
Lee Cheol Whan - - 2011
Cilotax stent is a new type of drug-eluting stent (DES) designed to increase the antirestenotic performance of the paclitaxel-eluting stent and decrease the risk of stent thrombosis by the incorporation of cilostazol. Therefore, we investigated the safety and efficacy of Cilotax dual DESs and compared their performance to that of ...
Janssen Rob P A - - 2011
Histological analysis of the remodelling process of human hamstring tendon (HT) grafts after standardized anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with an accelerated rehabilitation protocol. Sixty-seven patients underwent retrieval of mid-substance biopsies after clinically successful hamstring autograft ACLR. Samples were allocated to one of three groups depending on the time point ...
Rosario Pedro Weslley - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone [rhTSH (versus hypothyroidism)] in thyroid ablation with an activity of 1.1 GBq (30 mCi) I. METHODS: A total of 102 patients with thyroid cancer who fulfilled the following criteria were studied: submitted to total thyroidectomy with complete tumor resection; ...
Bilge Onur - - 2011
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of synovium on the proliferation of the cartilage tissue and chondrocytes using a rabbit knee model as an in vivo synovial culture medium. METHODS: Twelve New Zealand rabbits were used as the animal model in this investigation. Standard size chondral ...
Schoenfeldt Viktoria - - 2011
Improvements in cancer survival rates have renewed interest in cryopreservation of ovarian tissue for fertility preservation. We used the marmoset as a non-human primate model to assess the effect of different cryoprotectives on follicular viability of prepubertal as compared to adult ovarian tissue following xenografting. Cryopreservation was performed with dimethylsulfoxide ...
Noh Jung Ho - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study is to compare the clinical and radiographic results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with four-stranded autogenous hamstring tendon and two-stranded free tendon Achilles allograft fixed with EndoButton in the femoral tunnel and Intrafix in the tibial tunnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 106 patients diagnosed with ACL rupture ...
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