Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2871
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Gunaydin Serdar - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the relative clinical and biomaterial effects of blood transfusions (Tx) and novel low-prime, surface-coated circuitry on perioperative outcome in a pediatric population undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Over a 12-month period, 80 patients weighing >10 kg undergoing ventricular ...
Base Eva M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The infusion of large amounts of saline-based solutions may contribute to the development of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis and the use of a balanced carrier for colloid solutions might improve postoperative acid-base status. The equivalence of 2 hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions and the influence on chloride levels and acid-base status ...
Silva Sv - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo effect of the addition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reduced glutathione (GSH) to ram semen freezing extender. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were detected between groups regarding total motility (TM), straightness (STR) and wobble (WOB), for which ...
Jin Zhenxiao - - 2011
Objective: Adenosine pretreatment reduces injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion. To investigate the hypothesis that adenosine pretreatment would modulate injury induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and myocardial ischemia/reperfusion, we conducted a randomized controlled trial on the effects of adenosine pretreatment in children undergoing surgery to repair congenital heart defects. Methods: Children undergoing ...
Ozkan Levend - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We describe a new technique that can easily be used as a tension-free practical alternative in closing the renal defects resulting after open partial nephrectomy (PN). METHODS: A new technique (called "lipocorticoplasty") where "wrapped fatty tissue" was placed in the tumor crater to close the renal defects that occur ...
Marchant Fernando - - 2011
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL) is an established technique for the treatment of renal calculi. Some reports have challenged the need for a nephrostomy tube at the end of the procedure, arguing that it accounts for a longer hospital stay and increased postoperative pain. During the last years, several series have addressed ...
Huppert J - - 2011
In cervical multi-level degenerative pathology, considering the morbidity of the extensive fusion techniques, some authors advocate for the multilevel disc replacement. This study compared the safety and efficacy of disc replacement with an unconstrained prosthesis in multi- versus single-level patients. A total of 231 patients with cervical degenerative disc disease ...
Zhang Zhihong - - 2011
Objective: To investigate the effect of Cordyceps sinensis (Bailing Capsule, fermented agent of C. sinensis) on renal function of patients with chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). Methods: A total of 231 CAN patients who underwent transplantation between 2005 and 2008 and experienced chronic graft dysfunction were randomly divided into 2 groups. ...
Qu Xin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In the past several years, increasing attention has been paid to the utility of a pseudocapsule in transphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas. However, prior studies focused more on the histological structure of the pseudocapsule and surgical technique. The objective of this study was to evaluate the overall therapeutic effectiveness ...
Abraham William T - - 2011
Results of previous studies support the hypothesis that implantable haemodynamic monitoring systems might reduce rates of hospitalisation in patients with heart failure. We undertook a single-blind trial to assess this approach. Patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure, irrespective of the left ventricular ejection fraction, and ...
Testini Mario - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome in patients with cervical goiters and cervicomediastinal goiters (CMGs) undergoing total thyroidectomy using the cervical or extracervical approach. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted at six academic departments of general surgery and one endocrine-surgical unit in Italy. The study population consisted of 19,662 patients ...
Du Minquan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of fluoride varnish (5% sodium fluoride, Duraphat®, Colgate) in reverting white spot lesions (WSLs) after fixed orthodontic treatment. This study was a randomized, parallel group, controlled clinical trial. Using saline solution as control, 110 participants (mean age ± standard deviation: ...
Hokkam Emad - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Many topical agents have been used for promotion of healing of chronic venous ulcers. One such agent that has been tried is phenytoin. The effect of phenytoin on cutaneous healing has been suggested. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of topical phenytoin in healing of venous ulcerations. ...
Polydorou Olga - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of HealOzone on two microorganisms, 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, using a tooth cavity model. Four groups of caries-free third molars (n = 12) were used (A, B, C and D). Three cavities were prepared into each tooth. After sterilization, groups A ...
Hayashi Ken - - 2011
To compare long-term change in corneal astigmatism with advancing age between eyes that underwent sutureless cataract surgery and those that did not undergo surgery. Case-control study. A total of 153 eyes that underwent phacoemulsification with a horizontal incision more than 11 years ago (surgery group) and 153 age-matched control eyes ...
Andreini Daniele - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of computed tomography (CT) for assessment of coronary stents is as yet unproven and radiation exposure has been a concern. The aim of our study is to compare radiation dose and diagnostic performance of CT with prospective ECG-triggering versus retrospective ECG-triggering for the detection of in-stent restenosis ...
Satoi Sohei - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the use of the new ultrasonically curved shear (UCS) can reduce the number of surgical stitches, extent of blood loss, and operation time in (pylorus-preserving) pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary cancer. METHODS: The study population comprised 26 consecutive patients who underwent PD for periampullary cancer. Intraoperative data, ...
Ganzer Roman - - 2011
Study Type - Prognosis (retrospective cohort) Level of Evidence 2b OBJECTIVE: • To determine if the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir after high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can be used as a predictor of the biochemical disease-free survival rate (DFSR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: • Patient data were derived from the multicentre-based @-Registry, the largest registry ...
Zhang Lan-Jun - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate a new method for chest wall reconstruction using porcine-derived artificial rib and pleura in an animal experiment. Further, the clinical application was performed in five patients with large defects in the chest wall as a preliminary observation. Methods: In animal experiments, a full-thickness chest wall defect of ...
Vidal F - - 2011
Oral Diseases (2011) doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2011.01800.x Objective:  The aim of this study was to assess the association of periodontitis with refractory arterial hypertension. Study design:  A total of 137 patients were examined. Seventy patients (mean age of 55.2 ± 9.2 years) were included in the case group, while 67 non-hypertensive subjects (mean age of ...
Chai Joyce - - 2011
Objective. To assess whether early or immediate removal of 12F in-dwelling Foley catheter after total abdominal hysterectomy affects the level of subjective pain assessment post operatively. Design. Randomised controlled trial. Setting. University Hospital. Population. Seventy women underwent total abdominal hysterectomies for various benign gynecological diseases. Methods. Women were randomised to ...
De La Paz María Fideliz MF Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, Barcelona, Spain; Institut Universitari Barraquer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2011
To report the long-term functional and anatomic outcomes of osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis and tibial bone keratoprosthesis; to analyze the influence of clinical factors, such as surgical technique, primary diagnosis, age, and postoperative complications, on the final outcome. Retrospective cohort study. setting: Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, between 1974 and 2005. Two hundred twenty-seven ...
Disselhoff B C V M BC Department of Surgery, Bergmankliniek, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. - - 2011
To evaluate whether ligation of the saphenofemoral junction (SFL) improves the results of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) in a 5-year randomised clinical trial (RCT). Forty-three symptomatic patients (86 limbs) with bilateral incompetent GSVs were randomised so that one limb underwent EVLA without SFL and ...
Merouani Aicha - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In chronic pediatric patients treated with intermittent hemodialysis (IHD), blood volume monitoring (BVM) is commonly used to assess and manage volume status during the dialysis session. Minimal data exists on its use during IHD in critically ill children with acute kidney injury (AKI). In these cases, fluid removal may ...
Qiu Yong - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcomes of vertebral coplanar alignment (VCA) technique against the derotation maneuver with segmental pedicle screw instrumentation in patients with Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Nowadays the majority of scoliosis correction begins with rod rotation and translation ...
Jea Seung Youn - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of a failed trabectome on the outcomes of a subsequent trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study of eyes that underwent trabeculectomy after a failed trabectome procedure (study) compared with eyes that underwent trabeculectomy as an initial surgical procedure (control). Inclusion criteria were open-angle glaucoma, ...
Xia Yingpeng - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of different hinge positions on the clinical results of expansive open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: EOLP is currently the most widely adopted surgical treatment for CSM, although many long-term clinical follow-up studies have ...
Pateron Dominique - - 2011
The quality of endoscopy depends on the quality of upper gastrointestinal tract preparation. We determine whether in acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding the frequency of satisfactory stomach visualization was different after intravenous erythromycin, a nasogastric tube with gastric lavage, or both. We performed a prospective, randomized, multicenter (6 emergency departments) study ...
Belkin Robert N - - 2011
Background: This study determined outcomes and survival with aortic valve replacement (AVR) versus medical therapy in patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) with severely reduced aortic valve areas (AVA) but nonsevere mean gradients. Methods: We identified 248 aortic stenosis (AS) patients with LVEF ≥ 50% and echocardiographic AVA ...
Canavese Federico - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the radiologic changes in rib-vertebral angles (RVAs), rib-vertebral angle differences (RVADs), and rib-vertebral angle ratios (RVARas) in patients with Lenke type 1 main thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated by observation, bracing, or posterior fusion and instrumentation, and ...
Abeltins Andris - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this retrospective cephalometric study was to compare the stability of bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) with extra-oral vertical ramus osteotomy (VRO) after correction of class III malocclusion by means of bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. METHODS: The sample comprised 51 consecutively treated patients, 38 females and 13 males, ...
Ozsancak Aylin - - 2011
We hypothesized that the total face mask (TFM) would be perceived as more comfortable than a standard oronasal mask (ONM) by patients receiving noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) therapy for acute respiratory failure (ARF) and would be quicker to apply by respiratory therapists. Sixty patients presenting with ARF were randomized to ...
Ebrahimi Bita - - 2011
SummaryTo determine the ultrastructural changes of sheep cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) following different methods of vitrification, good quality isolated COCs (GV stage) were randomly divided into the non-vitrified control, conventional straw, cryotop and solid surface vitrification groups. In both conventional and cryotop methods, vitrified COCs were respectively loaded by conventional straws ...
Dagtekin Ahmet - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The cerebellar tonsillar herniation occurring in Chiari malformation Type I (CMI) mainly results from overcrowding of a normally developing hindbrain within a primary small posterior cranial fossa (PCF) due to an anomaly in the embryological development of the occipital bone. In the present study, the lengths of ...
Chen Linling - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of reverse pull headgear (RPHG) in the treatment of Class III malocclusions in the late mixed and early permanent dentition and its long-term stability at the time when facial growth was close to completion. The treatment group comprised 22 subjects ...
Boeving Anke - - 2011
Background: Recent literature advocates the decrease of the upper limit of the normal thyrotropin (TSH) reference range. The objective of this study was to determine whether treated hypothyroid patients maintained within a low-normal TSH range (0.4-2.0 mIU/L) have better clinical outcomes than those maintained within a high-normal TSH range (2.0-4.0 mIU/L). Methods: ...
Jeong Hii-Sun - - 2011
BACKGROUND Successful skin grafting requires immobilization and compression of the graft site. Traditional dressing methods such as tie-over dressings, cast splints, and elastic bandages are bulky in the joint area and can cause abrasion, maceration, and even circulatory insufficiency. OBJECTIVE To test the effectiveness of a hydrocolloid dressing, which provides ...
Chung Eric - - 2011
Introduction.  Effective oral medication for use in men with Peyronie's disease (PD) has been an area of interest of the medical community and lay public for decades. Isolated septal scars (ISS) without evidence of penile deformity is a relatively new clinical entity, and at present, there is paucity in the ...
Solivetti Francesco M - - 2011
Background: Ultrasonography (US) changes have been noted in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis (AT). Here, we report that some patients with late stage AT have a distinctive, previously unreported finding on US that we call the "hypoechoic triangle sign" (HET). Methods: On US, the HET sign was characterized as a well-defined ...
Bhatta Sudipto - - 2011
PURPOSE:To assess the incidence and investigate the functional impact of postoperative overcorrection following primary unilateral inferior oblique muscle recession and myectomy for inferior oblique overaction. METHODS:A retrospective study of 79 consecutive patients undergoing inferior oblique myectomy (43) or recession (36) with a minimum 6 months of postoperative follow-up. All underwent ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
To observe the effect of resveratol on cartilage, chondrocyte apoptosis, and nitric oxide in experimental osteoarthritis (OA) of rabbit and to study the mechanism of resveratol in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Thirty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups: group A (normal control group), group B (model control ...
Mohammadzadeh Ali - - 2011
As the conventional fiber-optic nasal intubation technique has several potential difficulties, we compared in this study another technique (NASAL-18) with the conventional one in attempting fiber-optic nasal intubation with a possible higher rate of success. A randomized controlled trial was carried out at a teaching hospital. Forty-eight patients aged 25-45 ...
Oh Chung Hee - - 2011
Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair generally has a good clinical outcome but shoulder stiffness after surgery due to subacromial adhesion is one of the most common and clinically important complications. Sodium hyaluronate (HA) has been reported to be an anti-adhesive agent in a range of surgical procedures. However, there are few ...
Kim Y D - - 2011
Background and purpose:  Abruptly discontinuing warfarin may induce a rebound prothrombotic state. Thrombolytic agents may also paradoxically induce prothrombotic conditions, which include platelet activation and thrombin generation. Therefore, prothrombotic states may be enhanced by withdrawing warfarin in patients under thrombolytic treatment. This study was aimed to determine whether patients with ...
Noto Nobutaka - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that textural changes in the carotid intima-media complex (IMC) on visual inspection by B-mode ultrasound are associated with early atherosclerotic involvement in patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). METHODS: 55 patients (mean age 13.4 years) were categorized into three groups according to the degree of ...
Brurås Kari Røine - - 2011
Objective: To examine the long-term outcome of early abduction splinting versus active sonographic surveillance in newborns with mildly dysplastic hips. Patients and Methods: Between 1997 and 2003, 128 newborns with mildly dysplastic and potentially unstable hips on ultrasound (43° ≤ α-angle < 50°) were randomly assigned to immediate abduction treatment ...
Jee Sue-Jung - - 2011
The present study investigates the long-term effects of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy for the treatment of moderate to severe childhood atopic dermatitis (AD). Previous research indicates that IVIg can treat severe AD; however, the effectiveness of IVIg has not been confirmed in prospective, blinded clinical trials. Forty eligible children with ...
Faheem Marwa S - - 2011
This study was undertaken to assess dissection/puncture combined technique for collecting large number of oocytes from bovine ovaries and to determine the effect of ovarian tissue cryopreservation on the oocytes capability to undergo in vitro maturation, fertilization and subsequent embryonic development. Ovaries (n=31) of slaughtered cows were cut into small ...
Forte Raimondo - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the orally administered combination of flavonoids desmin and troxerutin with Centella asiatica and Melilotus for the treatment of diabetic cystoid macular edema (CME) without macular thickening. Methods: In this prospective, interventional, controlled study, 40 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes ...
Edwards T J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the efficacy of post-operative wound infiltration with local anaesthetic following paediatric appendicectomy. METHOD: In a randomised, controlled, prospective, clinical trial children aged between five and sixteen years were assigned to one of three treatment arms; infiltration of the surgical wound with bupivicaine, saline, or ...
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