Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2892
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Hur Hoon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although a novel technique for the performance of intestinal sutureless anastomosis using a compression device has recently been investigated, it has not yet received widespread acceptance. We performed a multicenter prospective randomized trial in order to determine the clinical efficacy of the NiTi Hand CAC™ 30, a type of ...
Caputo Massimo - - 2011
Magnesium (Mg²⁺) is cardioprotective and has been routinely used to supplement cardioplegic solutions during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. However, there is no consensus about the Mg²⁺ concentration that should be used. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of intermittent antegrade warm-blood cardioplegia supplemented with ...
Cheong Soon Ho - - 2011
The use of ketamine may be associated with the recall of unpleasant dreams after sedation. We hypothesized that a positive suggestion before sedation could reduce the incidence of ketamine-induced unpleasant dreams. To test this hypothesis, we randomized 100 patients receiving sedation with ketamine for their procedure into 2 groups with ...
Kubota Kazuo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical value of 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for the diagnosis of fever of unknown origin (FUO), we performed a Japanese multi-center retrospective survey. METHODS: A total of 81 consecutive patients with FUO who underwent FDG-PET at 6 institutions between July 2006 and December 2007 ...
Kakinuma Akihito - - 2011
Background: We designed an interactive animated video that provides a basic explanation-including the risks, benefits, and alternatives-of anesthetic procedures. We hypothesized that this video would improve patient understanding of anesthesia, reduce anxiety, and shorten the interview time. Methods: Two hundred eleven patients scheduled for cancer surgery under general anesthesia or ...
Gedikbaşı Ali - - 2011
To determine the clinical outcomes and decisions of families of fetuses with prenatally-diagnosed cardiac abnormalities. Prenatally diagnosed cases (n=155) with congenital heart disease were retrospectively categorized according to the Allan-Huggon grading system: Group A (cardiac disease associated with severe / lethal extracardiac disease); Group B1 (low risk with a postnatal ...
Shin Seokyung - - 2011
Background: The ability to identify the correct vertebral level through examination is an important skill for clinicians who are performing nerve blocks without fluoroscopy. The conventional palpation method, which identifies the most prominent cervical spinous process as the seventh cervical (C7) spinous process is unreliable in many cases. We compared ...
Spiliopoulos S - - 2011
AIM: To present the results of a prospective, randomized, single-centre study investigating local anaesthesia before percutaneous common femoral artery (CFA) puncture and catheterization with the use of ultrasound-guided injection of lidocaine versus standard infiltration by manual palpation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo diagnostic or therapeutic transfemoral catheter-based procedures ...
Montorsi Francesco - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (RCT) Level of Evidence 1b OBJECTIVE: • To assess the effects of combined therapy with dutasteride and tamsulosin on voiding and storage symptoms compared with those of dutasteride or tamsulosin alone, using 4-year data from the Combination of Avodart and Tamsulosin (CombAT) study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: • Men (n = 4844) ...
Feil Sven - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a key determinant affecting patient return to usual activity levels. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is a treatment that can counteract strength loss and serve as an adjunct to conventional therapy. PURPOSE: To compare the effect of adding traditional neuromuscular electrical stimulation (Polystim) or ...
Piatkowski A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: A prospective, randomized, controlled single center study was designed to evaluate clinical efficacy of a polyhexanide containing bio-cellulose dressing (group B) compared to a silver-sulfadiazine cream (group A) in sixty partial-thickness burn patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Local ethics committee approval was obtained and patients consented. Parameters were: pain reduction ...
Chen Shao-Liang - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the difference in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 12 months in patients with coronary bifurcation lesions after double kissing double crush (DK crush) or provisional stenting (PS) techniques. BACKGROUND: Provisional side branch (SB) stenting is preferable to DK crush because it has ...
Veselka Josef - - 2011
Several randomized studies and meta-analyses have suggested that pretreatment with statins may decrease periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The purpose of this randomized study was to investigate the effect of a 2-day atorvastatin therapy before PCI on long-term clinical outcome. Two hundred statin-naive patients ...
Becerık Sema - - 2011
Aim: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) osteocalcin, cross-linked N-terminal telopeptide (NTx) and calprotectin levels in cyclosporine A (CsA) induced gingival overgrowth (GO). Material and Methods: Forty CsA medicated patients including 20 with GO (CsA GO+), 10 without GO (CsA GO-) and 10 ...
Postiaux Guy - - 2011
BACKGROUND: the study is assessing the effects of a new chest physiotherapy (nCPT) protocol consisting of progressive slow expiration technique (PSE) and coughing provoked (CP) on symptoms of bronchial obstruction in hospitalized infants with an acute RSV bronchiolitis. METHODS: 20 infants (mean age: 4.19 months) were randomized into 2 groups: ...
Schäfer Florian - - 2011
Nitrodibenzofuran (NDBF) groups are used as photolabile "caging" groups to temporarily mask the Watson-Crick interaction of dA and dC residues. They show improved masking capabilities and are photodeprotected 12 times more efficiently than 1-(o-nitrophenyl)-ethyl (NPE) caging groups in these positions. Furthermore, NDBF groups can be removed wavelength-selectively in the presence ...
McMahon Michelle A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine if sputum colonization with Aspergillus species in patients with cystic fibrosis (PWCF) correlates with radiological abnormalities and/or a reduction in pulmonary function (FEV1). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 32 PWCF utilizing high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the thorax and pulmonary function testing (PFT). The cohort was assessed ...
Chung Shiu-Dong - - 2011
To determine the efficacy of toterodine extended release (ER) treatment for 1 year in older men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and storage symptoms treated with alpha-blockers and/or 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (5ARI). Men aged over 70 years with BPH/bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and clinical storage symptoms were randomly treated with or ...
Dere Huseyin - - 2011
The ossicles may be affected through the mass effect of the pathological tissue in chronic otitis media. Ossicular reconstruction may be accomplished using the patients' own ossicles or with alloplastic materials. Glass ionomer ossiculoplasty is a fast, efficient, safe and cost-effective method and it has been used more frequently in ...
Shin W-J - - 2011
Background: Hyperlactatemia can predict the prognosis of patients undergoing liver resection. The effects of lactated Ringer's solution on liver function have not been evaluated in patients undergoing major liver resection. We therefore compared the effects of two different crystalloid solutions, with and without lactate, on liver function test data and ...
Sun Peng-Fei - - 2011
We prospectively evaluated a consecutive series of 56 patients with unicompartmental knee arthritis who underwent unicompartmental knee replacement or total knee arthroplasty and received an average of 52months of follow-up. These patients were enrolled in a prospective randomized clinical trial. There were no significant differences in the pre-operative parameters of ...
James Anthony - - 2011
This study compared patient outcomes of a single surgeon experience between those with inferior and medial pedicle breast reductions. A cohort of 84 patients was analyzed. In all, 49 inferior pedicle reductions and 35 medial pedicle reductions were performed. The average weight of tissue removed per breast was 639 g ...
Gunaydin Serdar - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the relative clinical and biomaterial effects of blood transfusions (Tx) and novel low-prime, surface-coated circuitry on perioperative outcome in a pediatric population undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Over a 12-month period, 80 patients weighing >10 kg undergoing ventricular ...
Base Eva M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The infusion of large amounts of saline-based solutions may contribute to the development of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis and the use of a balanced carrier for colloid solutions might improve postoperative acid-base status. The equivalence of 2 hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions and the influence on chloride levels and acid-base status ...
Silva Sv - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo effect of the addition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reduced glutathione (GSH) to ram semen freezing extender. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were detected between groups regarding total motility (TM), straightness (STR) and wobble (WOB), for which ...
Jin Zhenxiao - - 2011
Objective: Adenosine pretreatment reduces injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion. To investigate the hypothesis that adenosine pretreatment would modulate injury induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and myocardial ischemia/reperfusion, we conducted a randomized controlled trial on the effects of adenosine pretreatment in children undergoing surgery to repair congenital heart defects. Methods: Children undergoing ...
Ozkan Levend - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We describe a new technique that can easily be used as a tension-free practical alternative in closing the renal defects resulting after open partial nephrectomy (PN). METHODS: A new technique (called "lipocorticoplasty") where "wrapped fatty tissue" was placed in the tumor crater to close the renal defects that occur ...
Marchant Fernando - - 2011
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL) is an established technique for the treatment of renal calculi. Some reports have challenged the need for a nephrostomy tube at the end of the procedure, arguing that it accounts for a longer hospital stay and increased postoperative pain. During the last years, several series have addressed ...
Huppert J - - 2011
In cervical multi-level degenerative pathology, considering the morbidity of the extensive fusion techniques, some authors advocate for the multilevel disc replacement. This study compared the safety and efficacy of disc replacement with an unconstrained prosthesis in multi- versus single-level patients. A total of 231 patients with cervical degenerative disc disease ...
Zhang Zhihong - - 2011
Objective: To investigate the effect of Cordyceps sinensis (Bailing Capsule, fermented agent of C. sinensis) on renal function of patients with chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). Methods: A total of 231 CAN patients who underwent transplantation between 2005 and 2008 and experienced chronic graft dysfunction were randomly divided into 2 groups. ...
Qu Xin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In the past several years, increasing attention has been paid to the utility of a pseudocapsule in transphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas. However, prior studies focused more on the histological structure of the pseudocapsule and surgical technique. The objective of this study was to evaluate the overall therapeutic effectiveness ...
Abraham William T - - 2011
Results of previous studies support the hypothesis that implantable haemodynamic monitoring systems might reduce rates of hospitalisation in patients with heart failure. We undertook a single-blind trial to assess this approach. Patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure, irrespective of the left ventricular ejection fraction, and ...
Testini Mario - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome in patients with cervical goiters and cervicomediastinal goiters (CMGs) undergoing total thyroidectomy using the cervical or extracervical approach. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted at six academic departments of general surgery and one endocrine-surgical unit in Italy. The study population consisted of 19,662 patients ...
Du Minquan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of fluoride varnish (5% sodium fluoride, Duraphat®, Colgate) in reverting white spot lesions (WSLs) after fixed orthodontic treatment. This study was a randomized, parallel group, controlled clinical trial. Using saline solution as control, 110 participants (mean age ± standard deviation: ...
Hokkam Emad - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Many topical agents have been used for promotion of healing of chronic venous ulcers. One such agent that has been tried is phenytoin. The effect of phenytoin on cutaneous healing has been suggested. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of topical phenytoin in healing of venous ulcerations. ...
Polydorou Olga - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of HealOzone on two microorganisms, 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, using a tooth cavity model. Four groups of caries-free third molars (n = 12) were used (A, B, C and D). Three cavities were prepared into each tooth. After sterilization, groups A ...
Hayashi Ken - - 2011
To compare long-term change in corneal astigmatism with advancing age between eyes that underwent sutureless cataract surgery and those that did not undergo surgery. Case-control study. A total of 153 eyes that underwent phacoemulsification with a horizontal incision more than 11 years ago (surgery group) and 153 age-matched control eyes ...
Andreini Daniele - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of computed tomography (CT) for assessment of coronary stents is as yet unproven and radiation exposure has been a concern. The aim of our study is to compare radiation dose and diagnostic performance of CT with prospective ECG-triggering versus retrospective ECG-triggering for the detection of in-stent restenosis ...
Satoi Sohei - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the use of the new ultrasonically curved shear (UCS) can reduce the number of surgical stitches, extent of blood loss, and operation time in (pylorus-preserving) pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary cancer. METHODS: The study population comprised 26 consecutive patients who underwent PD for periampullary cancer. Intraoperative data, ...
Ganzer Roman - - 2011
Study Type - Prognosis (retrospective cohort) Level of Evidence 2b OBJECTIVE: • To determine if the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir after high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can be used as a predictor of the biochemical disease-free survival rate (DFSR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: • Patient data were derived from the multicentre-based @-Registry, the largest registry ...
Zhang Lan-Jun - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate a new method for chest wall reconstruction using porcine-derived artificial rib and pleura in an animal experiment. Further, the clinical application was performed in five patients with large defects in the chest wall as a preliminary observation. Methods: In animal experiments, a full-thickness chest wall defect of ...
Vidal F - - 2011
Oral Diseases (2011) doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2011.01800.x Objective:  The aim of this study was to assess the association of periodontitis with refractory arterial hypertension. Study design:  A total of 137 patients were examined. Seventy patients (mean age of 55.2 ± 9.2 years) were included in the case group, while 67 non-hypertensive subjects (mean age of ...
Chai Joyce - - 2011
Objective. To assess whether early or immediate removal of 12F in-dwelling Foley catheter after total abdominal hysterectomy affects the level of subjective pain assessment post operatively. Design. Randomised controlled trial. Setting. University Hospital. Population. Seventy women underwent total abdominal hysterectomies for various benign gynecological diseases. Methods. Women were randomised to ...
De La Paz María Fideliz MF Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, Barcelona, Spain; Institut Universitari Barraquer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2011
To report the long-term functional and anatomic outcomes of osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis and tibial bone keratoprosthesis; to analyze the influence of clinical factors, such as surgical technique, primary diagnosis, age, and postoperative complications, on the final outcome. Retrospective cohort study. setting: Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, between 1974 and 2005. Two hundred twenty-seven ...
Disselhoff B C V M BC Department of Surgery, Bergmankliniek, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. - - 2011
To evaluate whether ligation of the saphenofemoral junction (SFL) improves the results of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) in a 5-year randomised clinical trial (RCT). Forty-three symptomatic patients (86 limbs) with bilateral incompetent GSVs were randomised so that one limb underwent EVLA without SFL and ...
Merouani Aicha - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In chronic pediatric patients treated with intermittent hemodialysis (IHD), blood volume monitoring (BVM) is commonly used to assess and manage volume status during the dialysis session. Minimal data exists on its use during IHD in critically ill children with acute kidney injury (AKI). In these cases, fluid removal may ...
Qiu Yong - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcomes of vertebral coplanar alignment (VCA) technique against the derotation maneuver with segmental pedicle screw instrumentation in patients with Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Nowadays the majority of scoliosis correction begins with rod rotation and translation ...
Jea Seung Youn - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of a failed trabectome on the outcomes of a subsequent trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study of eyes that underwent trabeculectomy after a failed trabectome procedure (study) compared with eyes that underwent trabeculectomy as an initial surgical procedure (control). Inclusion criteria were open-angle glaucoma, ...
Xia Yingpeng - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of different hinge positions on the clinical results of expansive open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: EOLP is currently the most widely adopted surgical treatment for CSM, although many long-term clinical follow-up studies have ...
Pateron Dominique - - 2011
The quality of endoscopy depends on the quality of upper gastrointestinal tract preparation. We determine whether in acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding the frequency of satisfactory stomach visualization was different after intravenous erythromycin, a nasogastric tube with gastric lavage, or both. We performed a prospective, randomized, multicenter (6 emergency departments) study ...
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