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Hokkam Emad - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Many topical agents have been used for promotion of healing of chronic venous ulcers. One such agent that has been tried is phenytoin. The effect of phenytoin on cutaneous healing has been suggested. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of topical phenytoin in healing of venous ulcerations. ...
Polydorou Olga - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of HealOzone on two microorganisms, 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, using a tooth cavity model. Four groups of caries-free third molars (n = 12) were used (A, B, C and D). Three cavities were prepared into each tooth. After sterilization, groups A ...
Hayashi Ken - - 2011
To compare long-term change in corneal astigmatism with advancing age between eyes that underwent sutureless cataract surgery and those that did not undergo surgery. Case-control study. A total of 153 eyes that underwent phacoemulsification with a horizontal incision more than 11 years ago (surgery group) and 153 age-matched control eyes ...
Disselhoff B C V M - - 2011
To evaluate whether ligation of the saphenofemoral junction (SFL) improves the results of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) in a 5-year randomised clinical trial (RCT). Forty-three symptomatic patients (86 limbs) with bilateral incompetent GSVs were randomised so that one limb underwent EVLA without SFL and ...
Andreini Daniele - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of computed tomography (CT) for assessment of coronary stents is as yet unproven and radiation exposure has been a concern. The aim of our study is to compare radiation dose and diagnostic performance of CT with prospective ECG-triggering versus retrospective ECG-triggering for the detection of in-stent restenosis ...
Satoi Sohei - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the use of the new ultrasonically curved shear (UCS) can reduce the number of surgical stitches, extent of blood loss, and operation time in (pylorus-preserving) pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary cancer. METHODS: The study population comprised 26 consecutive patients who underwent PD for periampullary cancer. Intraoperative data, ...
Ganzer Roman - - 2011
Study Type - Prognosis (retrospective cohort) Level of Evidence 2b OBJECTIVE: • To determine if the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir after high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can be used as a predictor of the biochemical disease-free survival rate (DFSR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: • Patient data were derived from the multicentre-based @-Registry, the largest registry ...
Zhang Lan-Jun - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate a new method for chest wall reconstruction using porcine-derived artificial rib and pleura in an animal experiment. Further, the clinical application was performed in five patients with large defects in the chest wall as a preliminary observation. Methods: In animal experiments, a full-thickness chest wall defect of ...
Vidal F - - 2011
Oral Diseases (2011) doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2011.01800.x Objective:  The aim of this study was to assess the association of periodontitis with refractory arterial hypertension. Study design:  A total of 137 patients were examined. Seventy patients (mean age of 55.2 ± 9.2 years) were included in the case group, while 67 non-hypertensive subjects (mean age of ...
Chai Joyce - - 2011
Objective. To assess whether early or immediate removal of 12F in-dwelling Foley catheter after total abdominal hysterectomy affects the level of subjective pain assessment post operatively. Design. Randomised controlled trial. Setting. University Hospital. Population. Seventy women underwent total abdominal hysterectomies for various benign gynecological diseases. Methods. Women were randomised to ...
Merouani Aicha - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In chronic pediatric patients treated with intermittent hemodialysis (IHD), blood volume monitoring (BVM) is commonly used to assess and manage volume status during the dialysis session. Minimal data exists on its use during IHD in critically ill children with acute kidney injury (AKI). In these cases, fluid removal may ...
Qiu Yong - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcomes of vertebral coplanar alignment (VCA) technique against the derotation maneuver with segmental pedicle screw instrumentation in patients with Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Nowadays the majority of scoliosis correction begins with rod rotation and translation ...
Jea Seung Youn - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of a failed trabectome on the outcomes of a subsequent trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study of eyes that underwent trabeculectomy after a failed trabectome procedure (study) compared with eyes that underwent trabeculectomy as an initial surgical procedure (control). Inclusion criteria were open-angle glaucoma, ...
Xia Yingpeng - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of different hinge positions on the clinical results of expansive open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: EOLP is currently the most widely adopted surgical treatment for CSM, although many long-term clinical follow-up studies have ...
Pateron Dominique - - 2011
The quality of endoscopy depends on the quality of upper gastrointestinal tract preparation. We determine whether in acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding the frequency of satisfactory stomach visualization was different after intravenous erythromycin, a nasogastric tube with gastric lavage, or both. We performed a prospective, randomized, multicenter (6 emergency departments) study ...
Belkin Robert N - - 2011
Background: This study determined outcomes and survival with aortic valve replacement (AVR) versus medical therapy in patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) with severely reduced aortic valve areas (AVA) but nonsevere mean gradients. Methods: We identified 248 aortic stenosis (AS) patients with LVEF ≥ 50% and echocardiographic AVA ...
Canavese Federico - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the radiologic changes in rib-vertebral angles (RVAs), rib-vertebral angle differences (RVADs), and rib-vertebral angle ratios (RVARas) in patients with Lenke type 1 main thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated by observation, bracing, or posterior fusion and instrumentation, and ...
Abeltins Andris - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this retrospective cephalometric study was to compare the stability of bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) with extra-oral vertical ramus osteotomy (VRO) after correction of class III malocclusion by means of bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. METHODS: The sample comprised 51 consecutively treated patients, 38 females and 13 males, ...
Ozsancak Aylin - - 2011
We hypothesized that the total face mask (TFM) would be perceived as more comfortable than a standard oronasal mask (ONM) by patients receiving noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) therapy for acute respiratory failure (ARF) and would be quicker to apply by respiratory therapists. Sixty patients presenting with ARF were randomized to ...
Ebrahimi Bita - - 2011
SummaryTo determine the ultrastructural changes of sheep cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) following different methods of vitrification, good quality isolated COCs (GV stage) were randomly divided into the non-vitrified control, conventional straw, cryotop and solid surface vitrification groups. In both conventional and cryotop methods, vitrified COCs were respectively loaded by conventional straws ...
Dagtekin Ahmet - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The cerebellar tonsillar herniation occurring in Chiari malformation Type I (CMI) mainly results from overcrowding of a normally developing hindbrain within a primary small posterior cranial fossa (PCF) due to an anomaly in the embryological development of the occipital bone. In the present study, the lengths of ...
Chen Linling - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of reverse pull headgear (RPHG) in the treatment of Class III malocclusions in the late mixed and early permanent dentition and its long-term stability at the time when facial growth was close to completion. The treatment group comprised 22 subjects ...
Boeving Anke - - 2011
Background: Recent literature advocates the decrease of the upper limit of the normal thyrotropin (TSH) reference range. The objective of this study was to determine whether treated hypothyroid patients maintained within a low-normal TSH range (0.4-2.0 mIU/L) have better clinical outcomes than those maintained within a high-normal TSH range (2.0-4.0 mIU/L). Methods: ...
Jeong Hii-Sun - - 2011
BACKGROUND Successful skin grafting requires immobilization and compression of the graft site. Traditional dressing methods such as tie-over dressings, cast splints, and elastic bandages are bulky in the joint area and can cause abrasion, maceration, and even circulatory insufficiency. OBJECTIVE To test the effectiveness of a hydrocolloid dressing, which provides ...
Chung Eric - - 2011
Introduction.  Effective oral medication for use in men with Peyronie's disease (PD) has been an area of interest of the medical community and lay public for decades. Isolated septal scars (ISS) without evidence of penile deformity is a relatively new clinical entity, and at present, there is paucity in the ...
Solivetti Francesco M - - 2011
Background: Ultrasonography (US) changes have been noted in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis (AT). Here, we report that some patients with late stage AT have a distinctive, previously unreported finding on US that we call the "hypoechoic triangle sign" (HET). Methods: On US, the HET sign was characterized as a well-defined ...
Bhatta Sudipto - - 2011
PURPOSE:To assess the incidence and investigate the functional impact of postoperative overcorrection following primary unilateral inferior oblique muscle recession and myectomy for inferior oblique overaction. METHODS:A retrospective study of 79 consecutive patients undergoing inferior oblique myectomy (43) or recession (36) with a minimum 6 months of postoperative follow-up. All underwent ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
To observe the effect of resveratol on cartilage, chondrocyte apoptosis, and nitric oxide in experimental osteoarthritis (OA) of rabbit and to study the mechanism of resveratol in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Thirty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups: group A (normal control group), group B (model control ...
Mohammadzadeh Ali - - 2011
As the conventional fiber-optic nasal intubation technique has several potential difficulties, we compared in this study another technique (NASAL-18) with the conventional one in attempting fiber-optic nasal intubation with a possible higher rate of success. A randomized controlled trial was carried out at a teaching hospital. Forty-eight patients aged 25-45 ...
Oh Chung Hee - - 2011
Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair generally has a good clinical outcome but shoulder stiffness after surgery due to subacromial adhesion is one of the most common and clinically important complications. Sodium hyaluronate (HA) has been reported to be an anti-adhesive agent in a range of surgical procedures. However, there are few ...
Kim Y D - - 2011
Background and purpose:  Abruptly discontinuing warfarin may induce a rebound prothrombotic state. Thrombolytic agents may also paradoxically induce prothrombotic conditions, which include platelet activation and thrombin generation. Therefore, prothrombotic states may be enhanced by withdrawing warfarin in patients under thrombolytic treatment. This study was aimed to determine whether patients with ...
Noto Nobutaka - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that textural changes in the carotid intima-media complex (IMC) on visual inspection by B-mode ultrasound are associated with early atherosclerotic involvement in patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). METHODS: 55 patients (mean age 13.4 years) were categorized into three groups according to the degree of ...
Brurås Kari Røine - - 2011
Objective: To examine the long-term outcome of early abduction splinting versus active sonographic surveillance in newborns with mildly dysplastic hips. Patients and Methods: Between 1997 and 2003, 128 newborns with mildly dysplastic and potentially unstable hips on ultrasound (43° ≤ α-angle < 50°) were randomly assigned to immediate abduction treatment ...
Jee Sue-Jung - - 2011
The present study investigates the long-term effects of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy for the treatment of moderate to severe childhood atopic dermatitis (AD). Previous research indicates that IVIg can treat severe AD; however, the effectiveness of IVIg has not been confirmed in prospective, blinded clinical trials. Forty eligible children with ...
Faheem Marwa S - - 2011
This study was undertaken to assess dissection/puncture combined technique for collecting large number of oocytes from bovine ovaries and to determine the effect of ovarian tissue cryopreservation on the oocytes capability to undergo in vitro maturation, fertilization and subsequent embryonic development. Ovaries (n=31) of slaughtered cows were cut into small ...
Forte Raimondo - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the orally administered combination of flavonoids desmin and troxerutin with Centella asiatica and Melilotus for the treatment of diabetic cystoid macular edema (CME) without macular thickening. Methods: In this prospective, interventional, controlled study, 40 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes ...
Edwards T J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the efficacy of post-operative wound infiltration with local anaesthetic following paediatric appendicectomy. METHOD: In a randomised, controlled, prospective, clinical trial children aged between five and sixteen years were assigned to one of three treatment arms; infiltration of the surgical wound with bupivicaine, saline, or ...
Farshad Mazda - - 2011
PURPOSE: The effect of staged repair involving continuous re-lengthening of the retracted musculotendinous unit after rotator cuff tear is not known. We quantified changes in chronically retracted tendons undergoing no repair or a staged repair involving an initial re-lengthening of the musculotendinous unit by traction in a sheep model of ...
Neglén Peter - - 2011
A protective inferior vena cava (IVC) filter may later be incorporated into a chronic postthrombotic ilio-caval obstruction (occlusive, requiring recanalization, or nonocclusive). This study aims to assess the safety and stent-related outcome following stenting across an obstructed filter. From 1997 to 2009, 708 limbs had stenting for postthrombotic ilio-caval outflow ...
Mennigen Rudolf - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study analyzes the impact of a temporary loop ileostomy on postoperative outcome after restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis in terms of complications and reoperations including ileostomy closure. METHODS: The records of 122 consecutive patients undergoing restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis during a 12-year period were reviewed. In 89 ...
Fibla Juan J - - 2011
The analgesic scheme combining paravertebral block (PVB) and intravenous non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) has proven to be effective for postoperative pain control after thoracotomy. The hypothesis tested in this study was that this policy was also suitable to improve pain control after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). This was a prospective ...
Plaweski Stephane - - 2011
PURPOSE: Based on biomechanical anatomical studies, double-bundle reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) was introduced to achieve better stability in the knee, particularly in respect of rotatory loads. An in vivo, computer-assisted, double-bundle (DB) ACL reconstruction is superior to a single-bundle (SB) ACL reconstruction at reducing rotatory, and AP ...
Imöhl Matthias - - 2011
A nationwide laboratory-based surveillance study was conducted to analyse the epidemiology of varicella associated invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) infections in Germany. A total of 1,342 iGAS samples were collected between 1 January 1996 and 22 September 2009. For 21 of these isolates an association with varicella was noticed. The ...
van der Linden Philippe - - 2011
Background: MP4OX (oxygenated polyethylene glycol-modified hemoglobin) is a novel oxygen therapeutic agent specifically developed to perfuse and oxygenate tissue at risk for ischemia and hypoxia. In this study, we investigated the ability of MP4OX to treat hypotensive episodes. In addition, the tolerability profile of MP4OX in a large surgical population ...
Müslüman Ahmet Murat - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the methods of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and posterolateral fusion (PLF) in cases of isthmic Grades 1 and 2 lumbar spondylolisthesis, and to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the procedures. Operations were performed in 50 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis in the ...
Blanco Juan - - 2011
Objective: To compare ridge alterations after flap and flapless tooth extraction in the vertical and horizontal dimension in the dog model. Material and methods: This study was carried out on five Beagle dogs. Four extractions were performed in the lower jaw of each dog (two per side. Pm3, Pm4). At ...
Deren Matthew E - - 2011
Prewarming operating rooms has been shown to limit hypothermia in pediatric surgical patients but may be associated with extreme discomfort for surgeons. We examined the effect of prewarming operating rooms on core temperatures during knee and hip arthroplasties. Sixty-six patients were randomized to the prewarmed group at 24°C or control ...
Basmak H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare outcomes of endocanalicular laser-assisted endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with and without partial anterior middle turbinectomy.METHODS: A prospective randomized comparative study was conducted on 91 subjects with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction, undergoing endocanalicular (ECL) procedures. Group 1 was composed of 44 (7 bilateral) patients ...
Ye X M - - 2011
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate for the change in cough reflex sensitivity (CRS) caused by parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) infection. Guinea pigs were randomized into a vehicle control, an asthma control, or 1 of 4 PIV3-inoculated groups (referred to as postinfection day [PID] 6, 12, ...
Cheung Chi Wai - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine the analgesic effects of locally applied dexmedetomidine in third molar surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: Patients undergoing bilateral third molar surgery under general anesthesia were recruited into this double-blind, randomized, controlled study and were allocated to 3 study groups. Group D received preincision intravenous dexmedetomidine (1 mcg/kg) ...
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