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Thomason Pamela - - 2011
Single-event multilevel surgery is considered the standard of care to improve gait and functioning of children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. However, the evidence base is limited. This pilot study is the first randomized controlled trial of single-event multilevel surgery, to our knowledge. Nineteen children (twelve boys and seven girls ...
Yang Jun - - 2011
Epidural adhesion and fibrosis attribute to the prevalence of pain in normal wound healing after laminectomy surgery. Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), an antitumor drug, has proved to be effective in preventing fibroblast proliferation and reducing epidural adhesion after laminectomy in vivo animal study. However, HCPT's disadvantages, such as poor solubility and short ...
Westermeyer Hans D - - 2011
Objective-To determine ocular tissue drug concentrations after topical ocular administration of 0.3% ciprofloxacin and 0.5% moxifloxacin in ophthalmologically normal horses. Animals-24 ophthalmologically normal adult horses. Procedures-0.3% ciprofloxacin and 0.5% moxifloxacin solutions (0.1 mL) were applied to the ventral conjunctival fornix of 1 eye in each horse as follows: group 1 ...
Debnath Ujjwal Kanti - - 2011
A retrospective matched cohort study. To compare the results of combined Luque rod-sublaminar wiring (thoracic) and pedicle (lower lumbar) instrumentation (SLW) versus those with pedicle screw fixation (PS) for scoliosis correction in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). PS fixation is gaining popularity. Two instrumentation systems were not compared before in a ...
Jung Gul - - 2011
This study was performed to find the optimal volume of local anesthetics needed for a successful ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block (SGB) to treat head and neck pathology. Fifteen female and fourteen male sensory-neural hearing loss patients received 4 times SGBs with 0.2% ropivacaine in volumes of 6, 4, 3 and ...
Kim Kyu Seop - - 2011
Smoking is one of well known environmental factors causing endothelial dysfunction and plays important role in the atherosclerosis. We investigated the effect of cilostazol could improve the endothelial dysfunction in smokers with the measurement of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD). We enrolled 10 normal healthy male persons and 20 male smokers without ...
Shin Seung-Youp - - 2011
Alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) is the main inhibitor of human neutrophil elastase, and plays a role in counteracting the tissue damage caused by elastase in local inflammatory conditions. The study evaluated the involvement of AAT in nasal allergic inflammation. Forty subjects with mono-sensitization to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dpt) were enrolled. Twenty allergic rhinitis ...
Choi Hwa Sub - - 2011
We evaluated the factors that affect the improvement of the initial peak flow rate after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients by using noninvasive tools. One hundred and twenty seven BPH patients who had undergone TURP or ...
Chung Joonho - - 2011
This prospective, non-randomized study compared the safety and efficacy of the Angio-Seal™ Evolution™ to that of manual compression for common femoral artery punctures in neurovascular diagnostic angiography. From June 2009 to September 2009, we performed 169 diagnostic trans-femoral cerebral angiographies, using either the Angio-Seal™ Evolution™ or manual compression to achieve ...
Jang Kun Soo - - 2011
Both the paraspinal muscle sparing approach and percutaneous screw fixation are less traumatic procedures in comparison with the conventional midline approach. These techniques have been used with the goal of reducing muscle injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and to compare the safety and efficacy of the ...
Harnett P - - 2011
We conducted a prospective randomised controlled trial to compare the standard Ponseti plaster method with an accelerated method for the treatment of idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus. The standard weekly plaster-change method was accelerated to three times per week. We hypothesised that both methods would be equally effective in achieving correction. ...
Xia Wen-fang - - 2011
To investigate and compare the effects of propofol and midazolam on inflammation and oxidase stress in children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. Thirty-two ASA class I-II children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery were randomly divided into two groups: propofol combined with low dose fentanyl (PF group, ...
Kim Eun Sung - - 2011
Opioids may affect changes in the corrected QT interval (QTc) during anesthetic induction. This study examine whether a single bolus of remifentanil would prolong QTc after laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion during sevoflurane induction. Forty women of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 (ASA PS1) undergoing gynecological surgery were ...
Cakir Evrim - - 2011
Different nutritional and environmental factors are responsible for the pathogenesis of goiter, but iodine deficiency is the most important factor. However, little is known about the natural course of benign thyroid nodules in euthyroid patients over time. Few studies have used ultrasonographic evaluation to address this issue, especially in iodine-deficient ...
Kang Seok-Hui - - 2011
Many studies have compared patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on renal replacement therapy (RRT) with non-lupus patients. However, few data are available on the long-term outcome of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to SLE who are managed by different types of RRTs. We conducted a retrospective multicenter ...
Park Joon-Sung - - 2011
Short hemofilter survival and anticoagulation-related life-threatening complications are major problems in systemic anticoagulation with heparin (SAH) for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The present study examined if regional anticoagulation with citrate (RAC) using commercially available solutions can overcome the associated problems of SAH to produce economical benefits. Forty-six patients were ...
Tubbs Jacquelyn T - - 2011
C57BL/6NCrl male mice (n = 60; age, 6 to 7 wk) underwent partial hepatectomy or no surgery and were given 1 of 3 analgesics pre- and postoperatively. Food and water consumption, body weight, running wheel activity, locomotor activity, and serum corticosterone concentrations were measured before and after surgery. Mice that ...
Wildi Lukas Martin - - 2011
To determine the effect of chondroitin sulphate (CS) treatment on cartilage volume loss, subchondral bone marrow lesions (BML), synovitis and disease symptoms in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). In this pilot multicentre, randomised, double-blind, controlled trial in primary knee OA, 69 patients with clinical signs of synovitis were randomised to ...
Lee Jae Young - - 2011
This study was performed to evaluate the potential clinical value of concurrent chemotherapy and pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy (CCHT), as well as the safety of pulsed HIFU, for the treatment of unresectable pancreatic cancer. Twelve patients were treated with HIFU from October 2008 to May 2010, and ...
Liao Chia-Chih - - 2011
Pruritus is the most common side effect of epidural morphine analgesia. Diphenhydramine is a widely used agent for the treatment of urticarial pruritus. Nalbuphine is a mixed opioid agonist-antagonist and has been reported to be effective in treating opioid-induced pruritus. We compared the effectiveness of intramuscular diphenhydramine and nalbuphine for ...
Chang Po-Chih - - 2011
There are presently several options for the management of posterior urethral disruption. However, these options remain controversial for several reasons. Thus, this medical issue has been continuously investigated. From 1991 to 2001, 22 patients with complete posterior urethral disruption out of 720 urethral injury cases were retrospectively reviewed using strict ...
Chen Yi-Fan - - 2011
Nausea and vomiting are common chief postoperative complaints. The clinical literature indicates that postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is common after orthopedic surgery. This study examines the clinical therapeutic efficacy of Ondansetron injected intravenously before the end of shoulder arthroscopy as antiemetic prophylaxis to help reduce the incidence of PONV. ...
Devseren Nimet Ozalp - - 2011
Septoplasty and/or turbinate surgery are commonly used surgical techniques for the treatment of mechanical nasal obstruction. The aim of this study was to define the effectiveness of submucous resection of a hypertrophied turbinate together with simultaneous septoplasty for the treatment of nasal obstruction. Forty-two patients with septum deviation and compensatory ...
Lilja Marcus - - 2011
Prophylactic antibiotics are often used in septoplasty. However, the number of controlled studies, especially randomized double blind placebo controlled studies on the effect of antibiotics in septum surgery, is very low. The PURPOSE OF THE PRESENT STUDY was to investigate if intravenous cefuroxime given as preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis 30 minutes ...
Kim Jin Nam - - 2011
To investigate the efficacy of early scheduled follow-up endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) after common bile duct (CBD) stone removal. Patients who underwent endoscopic CBD stone removal and who had at least one risk factor for stone recurrence were enrolled. Six months after complete clearance of the CBD, patients underwent follow-up ...
Remístico Paula Patelli Juliani PP Faculty of Medical Sciences, Universidade Estadual de Campinas Rua Tessália Vieira de Camargo, 126 Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz" 13083-887, PO Box 6111-Campinas, SP, Brazil. - - 2011
Pulmonary complications in bariatric surgery are common and, therefore, alveolar recruitment maneuvers (ARM) have been used to prevent or reduce them in the postoperative period (POP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of ARM performed intraoperatively in patients undergoing bariatric surgery by videolaparoscopy in the incidence ...
Ikeda Jun J Orthopedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Division of Orthopedic Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2011
To investigate the effects of surface modification of extrasynovial tendon with a carbodiimide derivatized synovial fluid (SF) on the gliding ability of extrasynovial tendon for a possible tendon graft application. We used 63 peroneus longus tendons from canine hind legs. We immediately assessed 3 tendons morphologically using a scanning electron ...
Baumann Donald P DP Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal timing of delayed abdominal free flap breast reconstruction following postmastectomy radiation therapy. The authors evaluated the association between timing of delayed abdominal free flap breast reconstruction following postmastectomy radiation therapy and postoperative complications. The authors reviewed a prospectively maintained database ...
Cray James J Jr Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15201, USA. - - 2011
Craniosynostosis is defined as the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), regulators of ossification, have been implicated in premature suture fusion. Noggin, an extracellular BMP inhibitor, has been shown experimentally to inhibit resynostosis following surgery. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis ...
Attaran Saina - - 2011
Objectives: Despite all the advances in cardiac surgery, atrial fibrillation (AF) remains a common postoperative complication and predisposing factors are unclear. Postoperative AF is often a short-lived and a self-limiting condition, but can result in debilitating and even lethal consequences. The aim of this study is to assess the effect ...
George Jacob - - 2011
There are few reports on the role of peritoneal dialysis in critically ill patients requiring continuous renal replacement therapies. Patients with acute kidney injury and multi-organ involvement were randomly allotted to continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration(CVVHDF, group A) or to continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD, group B). Cause and severity of renal failure ...
Jun Zhen Zuo - - 2011
METHODS: This is a retrospective study on consecutive patients with infected laparotomy wounds managed in a single tertiary referral hospital from January 2004 to March 2009. The wounds were laid open, debrided and cleansed with hydrogen peroxide, povidone iodine and normal saline. The wounds were either conventionally treated with normal ...
Baysal Asli - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the changes in soft tissue profile related to treatment with Twin Block and Herbst appliances. Sixty Class II, division 1, mandibular retrognathic patients were divided into three groups. Forty patients were randomly allocated to one of two functional appliance treatment ...
García-García Héctor M - - 2012
To determine (1) the medium-term effect of rosiglitazone and glipizide on intra-stent neointima hyperplasia, (2) restenosis pattern as assessed by intra-vascular ultrasound (IVUS) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in patients with T2DM and coronary artery disease. A total of 462 patients with T2DM were randomized to rosiglitazone or glipizide for ...
Goel Apul - - 2011
To compare the results of conventional dorsal graft versus combined (dorsal plus ventral) graft urethroplasty for isolated pendulous urethral strictures a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data was done. Currently, the optimal treatment of pendulous urethral stricture is unknown, although buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty, with the graft placed either dorsally ...
Mermerci Başkan Bedriye - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine clinical and US factors associated with pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The study included 143 patients. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1 consisted of 94 patients with unilateral or bilateral knee pain ≥3 cm during physical activity for at ...
Theivacumar N S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This cohort study assesses the effectiveness and safety of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) in the management of recurrent varicose veins (RVVS). METHOD: 104 limbs (95 patients) undergoing EVLA for RVVS were grouped according to pattern of reflux. For patients with recurrent SFJ/great saphenous vein (GSV) (Group GR) and SPJ/small ...
Park Sun Young - - 2011
This study was performed to examine whether applying triamcinolone acetonide paste as a lubricant to endotracheal tubes (ETTs) reduces the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat (POST) more effectively than applying chlorhexidine gluconate jelly. This was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients enrolled in the study were ages 20 ...
Oh Jong Jin - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To report our experience with finger-assisted, single-port transvesical enucleation of the prostate (F-STEP) compared with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Patients and Methods: From January 2009 to April 2010, perioperative data on the 32 patients in the F-STEP group were collected and compared ...
Wollensak G - - 2011
Aims Collagen crosslinking treatment of progressive keratoconus using the photosensitiser riboflavin and ultraviolet A light of 370&emsp14;nm wavelength has been shown to increase significantly the tensile strength of corneal collagen by about 300%. In keratoconus, interlamellar and interfibrillar slippage have been proposed as pathogenetic mechanisms. Therefore, the aim of this ...
Kawaguchi Yasuyuki - - 2011
PURPOSE: Authors have hypothesized that the incidence and the degree of femoral tunnel enlargement after the hamstring ACL reconstruction may be significantly less in the anatomic double-bundle procedure than in single-bundle procedure. The purpose of this study is to test this hypothesis. METHODS: Seventy-two patients who underwent single-bundle reconstruction (Group ...
Celik Ozgür - - 2011
ABSTRACT Aim: We examined whether intramuscular parecoxib administration has a preventive or therapeutic effect on vasospasm following experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Materials and Methods: Twenty New Zealand White Rabbits were assigned randomly to one of four groups. Animals in Group I were not subjected to SAH (control group). Animals in ...
Lee Cheol - - 2011
Adenosine has been shown to have a wide spectrum of unique pain-relieving effects in various clinical situations. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intraoperative adenosine infusion on acute opioid tolerance and opioid induced hyperalgesia induced by remifentanil in adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy. For this study, ...
Wilk-Frańczuk Magdalena - - 2011
The use of endoprosthesis in arthroplasty requires adaptation of rehabilitation procedures in order to reinstate the correct model of gait, which enables the patient to recover independence and full functionality in everyday life, which in turn results in an improvement in the quality of life. We studied 33 patients following ...
Mancuso Frederico J N - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although there is anatomopathologic evidence of atrial involvement in Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCM), the impact in left atrial (LA) function is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate LA function in patients with CCM with real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and to compare it with patients with idiopathic dilated ...
Sasso Rick C - - 2011
Study Design: Prospective, randomized, FDA IDE trial from one study site.Objective: examine the radiographic sagittal alignment of the Bryan cervical disc for one-level disease.Summary of Background Data: Prospective, randomized studies demonstrate Bryan arthroplasty provides statistically better functional outcomes than ACDF. Uncontrolled case reports describe kyphosis after disc replacement. No prospective ...
Chen Han-Hsiang - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Despite preoperative localization or intraoperative parathyroid hormone, monitoring increased the operative successful rate, recurrent, and persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism are still unavoidable after parathyroidectomy or reoperation. We present our experience of using percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) in treating these patients. PURPOSE:: To conduct a prospective study of 49 patients ...
Arebi Naila - - 2011
Objective: To determine whether Cortical Evoked Potentials (CEPs) can define neurophysiological patterns in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Design: Prospective study of consecutive patients attending a secondary and tertiary centre. Patients/interventions: Patients with Rome II - defined IBS underwent rectal sensory (RST) and pain (RPT) thresholds testing with electrical stimulation on ...
Humphrey R J - - 2011
Objectives: To determine the feasibility of fetoscopic vesicoamniotic shunt insertion (F-VASI) in an inanimate model and to compare F-VASI to ultrasound (US)-guided VASI (US-VASI) with respect to accuracy of shunt placement and overall success rate. Methods: An inanimate second-trimester fetus with a replaceable bladder balloon was suspended in a pressurized ...
Hur Hoon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although a novel technique for the performance of intestinal sutureless anastomosis using a compression device has recently been investigated, it has not yet received widespread acceptance. We performed a multicenter prospective randomized trial in order to determine the clinical efficacy of the NiTi Hand CAC™ 30, a type of ...
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