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Mowafi Hany A - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of preoperative lornoxicam on postoperative pain management following tonsillectomy. Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. King Fahd University Hospital. 40 adult, ASA physical status I and II patients scheduled for tonsillectomy. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups to receive either intravenous (IV) lornoxicam 16 mg (Group ...
Kranz Stefan - - 2011
Enterococcus faecalis is frequently found in persistent endodontic infections. In this context, the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) could become a modern alternative to existing antibacterial treatment approaches. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aPDT on E. faecalis using the photosensitizer (PS) 5,10,15,20-tetra(m-hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC) enriched in ...
Chen Ying-Tzu - - 2011
Auditory evoked potential (AEP) index is one of the several physiological parameters for assessing the depth of anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the AEP monitoring could provide a better information for assessment of anesthesia level in classic laryngeal mask airway (C-LMA) insertion than the use ...
Choi Hwa Sub - - 2011
We evaluated the factors that affect the improvement of the initial peak flow rate after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients by using noninvasive tools. One hundred and twenty seven BPH patients who had undergone TURP or ...
Darabos Nikica - - 2011
PURPOSE: Pro-inflammatory cytokines play a pivotal role in osteoarthritis, as well as in bone tunnel widening after ACL reconstructive surgery. A new treatment option is to administer autologous conditioned serum (ACS) containing endogenous anti-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1Ra and growth factors (IGF-1, PDGF, and TGF-β1, among others) in the liquid blood ...
Mitrović A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO) to the vigilance of spermatozoids. The sperm samples were obtained from the patients (n=10) with diagnosed oligospermia. The motility of spermatozoids in tested samples was not lower than 30% but it did not exceed the ...
Fredrickson Michael J - - 2011
Two distinctly different approaches to interscalene catheter placement have been in common use for close to a decade. This prospective randomized study tested the hypothesis that interscalene catheters placed using the posterior approach would provide a more effective analgesia after shoulder surgery compared with catheters placed using the anterolateral approach. ...
Hou Yu - - 2011
Patients with persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) often need direct current cardioversion after radiofrequency ablation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of ibutilide for cardioversion of persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation and the factors related to conversion. Patients with persistent ...
Eid Hany Salah El-Din - - 2011
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2T) on improving bony stability in LeFort I maxillofacial surgery. Sixteen cases (n = 16) with severe skeletal anteroposterior discrepancies and who had ceased growing were used as subjects. The samples were categorized into two groups: Group ...
Schwarzkopf Ran - - 2011
Postoperative development of heterotopic ossification can compromise the success of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Heterotopic ossification has been associated with decreased postoperative hip range of motion (ROM), potentially leading to poor patient satisfaction with outcome. Many risk factors predisposing to heterotopic ossification have been discussed in the literature, including sex, ...
Lee Jae Young - - 2011
This study was performed to evaluate the potential clinical value of concurrent chemotherapy and pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy (CCHT), as well as the safety of pulsed HIFU, for the treatment of unresectable pancreatic cancer. Twelve patients were treated with HIFU from October 2008 to May 2010, and ...
Jung Gul - - 2011
This study was performed to find the optimal volume of local anesthetics needed for a successful ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block (SGB) to treat head and neck pathology. Fifteen female and fourteen male sensory-neural hearing loss patients received 4 times SGBs with 0.2% ropivacaine in volumes of 6, 4, 3 and ...
Tabata Minoru - - 2011
A new vascular graft (Triplex [Vascutek Terumo, Tokyo, Japan]) has a three-layer structure and no biologic coating material. We assessed inflammatory reaction and mediastinal tube drainage after thoracic aortic surgery using this graft. Between January 2009 and September 2009, 127 patients underwent open ascending aortic or arch repair. Triplex grafts ...
Kim Kyu Seop - - 2011
Smoking is one of well known environmental factors causing endothelial dysfunction and plays important role in the atherosclerosis. We investigated the effect of cilostazol could improve the endothelial dysfunction in smokers with the measurement of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD). We enrolled 10 normal healthy male persons and 20 male smokers without ...
Chen Yi-Fan - - 2011
Nausea and vomiting are common chief postoperative complaints. The clinical literature indicates that postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is common after orthopedic surgery. This study examines the clinical therapeutic efficacy of Ondansetron injected intravenously before the end of shoulder arthroscopy as antiemetic prophylaxis to help reduce the incidence of PONV. ...
Cakir Evrim - - 2011
Different nutritional and environmental factors are responsible for the pathogenesis of goiter, but iodine deficiency is the most important factor. However, little is known about the natural course of benign thyroid nodules in euthyroid patients over time. Few studies have used ultrasonographic evaluation to address this issue, especially in iodine-deficient ...
Darlong Vanlal - - 2011
Supraglottic airways (SGA) through which blind endotracheal intubation is made possible is an area of considerable interest. Our study aimed at comparing the Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway (CPLA) with the Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA) with regard to the performance of the former as a conduit for facilitating blind endotracheal intubation. ...
Chang Po-Chih - - 2011
There are presently several options for the management of posterior urethral disruption. However, these options remain controversial for several reasons. Thus, this medical issue has been continuously investigated. From 1991 to 2001, 22 patients with complete posterior urethral disruption out of 720 urethral injury cases were retrospectively reviewed using strict ...
Karim Y M - - 2011
This study assessed two disposable devices, the LMA Fastrach(TM) and the newly developed supraglottic airway device, the Air-Q(TM) , as a conduit for tracheal intubation in 154 healthy adults undergoing elective surgery. Using a non-inferiority approach, the primary outcome measure was successful tracheal intubation within two blind insertion attempts. Successful ...
Wildi Lukas Martin - - 2011
To determine the effect of chondroitin sulphate (CS) treatment on cartilage volume loss, subchondral bone marrow lesions (BML), synovitis and disease symptoms in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). In this pilot multicentre, randomised, double-blind, controlled trial in primary knee OA, 69 patients with clinical signs of synovitis were randomised to ...
Shin Seung-Youp - - 2011
Alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) is the main inhibitor of human neutrophil elastase, and plays a role in counteracting the tissue damage caused by elastase in local inflammatory conditions. The study evaluated the involvement of AAT in nasal allergic inflammation. Forty subjects with mono-sensitization to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dpt) were enrolled. Twenty allergic rhinitis ...
Mizrak Ayse - - 2011
: We aimed to investigate and compare the P duration and P dispersion (Pd) between male and female patients with a primary diagnosis of chronic schizophrenia disorder before and after the electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) period. : We obtained electrocardiograms of 50 healthy young volunteers which included 25 female (group F, ...
Ozdemir B H - - 2011
Rapamycin (RPM) has antiangiogenic and antiproliferative effects on cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanism of RPM as a novel antifibrotic agent by assessing its effect on interstitial fibrosis (IF). Among 60 renal transplant recipients, group 1 patients (n = 20) were treated with RPM and ...
Fathi Ali-Reza - - 2011
We assessed the diagnostic accuracy and time effectiveness of the Statscan low-dose full-body digital x-ray machine in the evaluation of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt dysfunction. Twenty-five consecutive adults scheduled for a radiographic shunt series with the Statscan were prospectively selected (group 1). Another 21 consecutive patients who underwent conventional x-ray scanning ...
Sigler Lauren M - - 2011
Our aim was to investigate the effect of rapid maxillary expansion and transpalatal arch therapy combined with deciduous canine extraction on the eruption rate of palatally displaced canines (PDCs) in patients in the late mixed dentition in a 2-center prospective study. Seventy subjects were enrolled based on PDCs diagnosed on ...
Baumann Donald P DP Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal timing of delayed abdominal free flap breast reconstruction following postmastectomy radiation therapy. The authors evaluated the association between timing of delayed abdominal free flap breast reconstruction following postmastectomy radiation therapy and postoperative complications. The authors reviewed a prospectively maintained database ...
Forsythe Brian - - 2011
The outcomes of combined arthroscopic repairs of a SLAP (superior labral anterior-posterior) lesion and a rotator cuff tear are not known. We compared the outcomes in a cohort of patients who had undergone concomitant arthroscopic repairs of a SLAP lesion and a rotator cuff tear with those in a cohort ...
Thomason Pamela - - 2011
Single-event multilevel surgery is considered the standard of care to improve gait and functioning of children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. However, the evidence base is limited. This pilot study is the first randomized controlled trial of single-event multilevel surgery, to our knowledge. Nineteen children (twelve boys and seven girls ...
Yang Jun - - 2011
Epidural adhesion and fibrosis attribute to the prevalence of pain in normal wound healing after laminectomy surgery. Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), an antitumor drug, has proved to be effective in preventing fibroblast proliferation and reducing epidural adhesion after laminectomy in vivo animal study. However, HCPT's disadvantages, such as poor solubility and short ...
Kang Seok-Hui - - 2011
Many studies have compared patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on renal replacement therapy (RRT) with non-lupus patients. However, few data are available on the long-term outcome of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to SLE who are managed by different types of RRTs. We conducted a retrospective multicenter ...
Meyer Scott A - - 2011
Object Two common causes of cervical myelopathy include degenerative stenosis and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). It has been postulated that patients with OPLL have more complications and worse outcomes than those with degenerative stenosis. The authors sought to compare the surgical results of laminoplasty in the treatment ...
Cray James J Jr Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15201, USA. - - 2011
Craniosynostosis is defined as the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), regulators of ossification, have been implicated in premature suture fusion. Noggin, an extracellular BMP inhibitor, has been shown experimentally to inhibit resynostosis following surgery. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis ...
Rioja Jorge - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: We stratified factors that affect treatment morbidity, compared the outcomes of ureteroscopy procedures from a single department under different conditions, and provided evidence of treatment benefits when ureteroscopy is performed in an expert setting. Patients and Methods: Since the department became a dedicated endourologic center in 2002, we ...
Annibale B - - 2011
The standard therapeutic approach for symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (DD) remains to be defined, and only a few studies have tested the efficacy of probiotics in these patients. Patients with symptomatic uncomplicated DD were randomized to a control arm, i.e., (group A, [N.=16], high-fibre diet alone), or to Group B ...
Kim Jung Yeul - - 2011
To compare the prophylactic effects of intravenous moxifloxacin and vancomycin for Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis in a rabbit model. Albino rabbits (n = 60) were divided into three groups. Intravenous moxifloxacin was injected into 20 animals (group 1), and intravenous vancomycin was injected into 20 animals (group 2). In group 3, ...
Tang Xiaoping - - 2011
The goal of this study was to determine the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on the clinical outcome of patients after resection of meningiomas with conspicuous peritumoral brain edema (PTBE). 232 patients with intracranial meningiomas and conspicuous PTBE were allocated to the HBO2 Group or the Control Group (116 in ...
Celinski Krzysztof - - 2011
  Melatonin and l-tryptophan (Trp) are highly gastroprotective in humans, but no study has assessed their impact on healing of chronic gastroduodenal ulcers in humans. Three groups (A, B and C) of 14 idiopathic patients in each treatment group with gastroduodenal chronic ulcers were treated with omeprazole (20 mg twice daily) ...
Baysal Asli - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the changes in soft tissue profile related to treatment with Twin Block and Herbst appliances. Sixty Class II, division 1, mandibular retrognathic patients were divided into three groups. Forty patients were randomly allocated to one of two functional appliance treatment ...
Attaran Saina - - 2011
Objectives: Despite all the advances in cardiac surgery, atrial fibrillation (AF) remains a common postoperative complication and predisposing factors are unclear. Postoperative AF is often a short-lived and a self-limiting condition, but can result in debilitating and even lethal consequences. The aim of this study is to assess the effect ...
George Jacob - - 2011
There are few reports on the role of peritoneal dialysis in critically ill patients requiring continuous renal replacement therapies. Patients with acute kidney injury and multi-organ involvement were randomly allotted to continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration(CVVHDF, group A) or to continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD, group B). Cause and severity of renal failure ...
Jun Zhen Zuo - - 2011
METHODS: This is a retrospective study on consecutive patients with infected laparotomy wounds managed in a single tertiary referral hospital from January 2004 to March 2009. The wounds were laid open, debrided and cleansed with hydrogen peroxide, povidone iodine and normal saline. The wounds were either conventionally treated with normal ...
García-García Héctor M - - 2012
To determine (1) the medium-term effect of rosiglitazone and glipizide on intra-stent neointima hyperplasia, (2) restenosis pattern as assessed by intra-vascular ultrasound (IVUS) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in patients with T2DM and coronary artery disease. A total of 462 patients with T2DM were randomized to rosiglitazone or glipizide for ...
Goel Apul - - 2011
To compare the results of conventional dorsal graft versus combined (dorsal plus ventral) graft urethroplasty for isolated pendulous urethral strictures a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data was done. Currently, the optimal treatment of pendulous urethral stricture is unknown, although buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty, with the graft placed either dorsally ...
Mermerci Başkan Bedriye - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine clinical and US factors associated with pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The study included 143 patients. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1 consisted of 94 patients with unilateral or bilateral knee pain ≥3 cm during physical activity for at ...
Theivacumar N S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This cohort study assesses the effectiveness and safety of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) in the management of recurrent varicose veins (RVVS). METHOD: 104 limbs (95 patients) undergoing EVLA for RVVS were grouped according to pattern of reflux. For patients with recurrent SFJ/great saphenous vein (GSV) (Group GR) and SPJ/small ...
Park Sun Young - - 2011
This study was performed to examine whether applying triamcinolone acetonide paste as a lubricant to endotracheal tubes (ETTs) reduces the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat (POST) more effectively than applying chlorhexidine gluconate jelly. This was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients enrolled in the study were ages 20 ...
Oh Jong Jin - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To report our experience with finger-assisted, single-port transvesical enucleation of the prostate (F-STEP) compared with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Patients and Methods: From January 2009 to April 2010, perioperative data on the 32 patients in the F-STEP group were collected and compared ...
Lee Cheol - - 2011
Adenosine has been shown to have a wide spectrum of unique pain-relieving effects in various clinical situations. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intraoperative adenosine infusion on acute opioid tolerance and opioid induced hyperalgesia induced by remifentanil in adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy. For this study, ...
Wollensak G - - 2011
Aims Collagen crosslinking treatment of progressive keratoconus using the photosensitiser riboflavin and ultraviolet A light of 370&emsp14;nm wavelength has been shown to increase significantly the tensile strength of corneal collagen by about 300%. In keratoconus, interlamellar and interfibrillar slippage have been proposed as pathogenetic mechanisms. Therefore, the aim of this ...
Kawaguchi Yasuyuki - - 2011
PURPOSE: Authors have hypothesized that the incidence and the degree of femoral tunnel enlargement after the hamstring ACL reconstruction may be significantly less in the anatomic double-bundle procedure than in single-bundle procedure. The purpose of this study is to test this hypothesis. METHODS: Seventy-two patients who underwent single-bundle reconstruction (Group ...
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