Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 2859
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García-García Héctor M - - 2012
To determine (1) the medium-term effect of rosiglitazone and glipizide on intra-stent neointima hyperplasia, (2) restenosis pattern as assessed by intra-vascular ultrasound (IVUS) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in patients with T2DM and coronary artery disease. A total of 462 patients with T2DM were randomized to rosiglitazone or glipizide for ...
Goel Apul - - 2011
To compare the results of conventional dorsal graft versus combined (dorsal plus ventral) graft urethroplasty for isolated pendulous urethral strictures a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data was done. Currently, the optimal treatment of pendulous urethral stricture is unknown, although buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty, with the graft placed either dorsally ...
Mermerci Başkan Bedriye - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine clinical and US factors associated with pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The study included 143 patients. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1 consisted of 94 patients with unilateral or bilateral knee pain ≥3 cm during physical activity for at ...
Theivacumar N S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This cohort study assesses the effectiveness and safety of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) in the management of recurrent varicose veins (RVVS). METHOD: 104 limbs (95 patients) undergoing EVLA for RVVS were grouped according to pattern of reflux. For patients with recurrent SFJ/great saphenous vein (GSV) (Group GR) and SPJ/small ...
Park Sun Young - - 2011
This study was performed to examine whether applying triamcinolone acetonide paste as a lubricant to endotracheal tubes (ETTs) reduces the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat (POST) more effectively than applying chlorhexidine gluconate jelly. This was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients enrolled in the study were ages 20 ...
Oh Jong Jin - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To report our experience with finger-assisted, single-port transvesical enucleation of the prostate (F-STEP) compared with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Patients and Methods: From January 2009 to April 2010, perioperative data on the 32 patients in the F-STEP group were collected and compared ...
Wollensak G - - 2011
Aims Collagen crosslinking treatment of progressive keratoconus using the photosensitiser riboflavin and ultraviolet A light of 370&emsp14;nm wavelength has been shown to increase significantly the tensile strength of corneal collagen by about 300%. In keratoconus, interlamellar and interfibrillar slippage have been proposed as pathogenetic mechanisms. Therefore, the aim of this ...
Kawaguchi Yasuyuki - - 2011
PURPOSE: Authors have hypothesized that the incidence and the degree of femoral tunnel enlargement after the hamstring ACL reconstruction may be significantly less in the anatomic double-bundle procedure than in single-bundle procedure. The purpose of this study is to test this hypothesis. METHODS: Seventy-two patients who underwent single-bundle reconstruction (Group ...
Celik Ozgür - - 2011
ABSTRACT Aim: We examined whether intramuscular parecoxib administration has a preventive or therapeutic effect on vasospasm following experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Materials and Methods: Twenty New Zealand White Rabbits were assigned randomly to one of four groups. Animals in Group I were not subjected to SAH (control group). Animals in ...
Lee Cheol - - 2011
Adenosine has been shown to have a wide spectrum of unique pain-relieving effects in various clinical situations. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intraoperative adenosine infusion on acute opioid tolerance and opioid induced hyperalgesia induced by remifentanil in adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy. For this study, ...
Wilk-Frańczuk Magdalena - - 2011
The use of endoprosthesis in arthroplasty requires adaptation of rehabilitation procedures in order to reinstate the correct model of gait, which enables the patient to recover independence and full functionality in everyday life, which in turn results in an improvement in the quality of life. We studied 33 patients following ...
Mancuso Frederico J N - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although there is anatomopathologic evidence of atrial involvement in Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCM), the impact in left atrial (LA) function is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate LA function in patients with CCM with real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and to compare it with patients with idiopathic dilated ...
Sasso Rick C - - 2011
Study Design: Prospective, randomized, FDA IDE trial from one study site.Objective: examine the radiographic sagittal alignment of the Bryan cervical disc for one-level disease.Summary of Background Data: Prospective, randomized studies demonstrate Bryan arthroplasty provides statistically better functional outcomes than ACDF. Uncontrolled case reports describe kyphosis after disc replacement. No prospective ...
Chen Han-Hsiang - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Despite preoperative localization or intraoperative parathyroid hormone, monitoring increased the operative successful rate, recurrent, and persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism are still unavoidable after parathyroidectomy or reoperation. We present our experience of using percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) in treating these patients. PURPOSE:: To conduct a prospective study of 49 patients ...
Arebi Naila - - 2011
Objective: To determine whether Cortical Evoked Potentials (CEPs) can define neurophysiological patterns in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Design: Prospective study of consecutive patients attending a secondary and tertiary centre. Patients/interventions: Patients with Rome II - defined IBS underwent rectal sensory (RST) and pain (RPT) thresholds testing with electrical stimulation on ...
Humphrey R J - - 2011
Objectives: To determine the feasibility of fetoscopic vesicoamniotic shunt insertion (F-VASI) in an inanimate model and to compare F-VASI to ultrasound (US)-guided VASI (US-VASI) with respect to accuracy of shunt placement and overall success rate. Methods: An inanimate second-trimester fetus with a replaceable bladder balloon was suspended in a pressurized ...
Hur Hoon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although a novel technique for the performance of intestinal sutureless anastomosis using a compression device has recently been investigated, it has not yet received widespread acceptance. We performed a multicenter prospective randomized trial in order to determine the clinical efficacy of the NiTi Hand CAC™ 30, a type of ...
Caputo Massimo - - 2011
Magnesium (Mg²⁺) is cardioprotective and has been routinely used to supplement cardioplegic solutions during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. However, there is no consensus about the Mg²⁺ concentration that should be used. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of intermittent antegrade warm-blood cardioplegia supplemented with ...
Cheong Soon Ho - - 2011
The use of ketamine may be associated with the recall of unpleasant dreams after sedation. We hypothesized that a positive suggestion before sedation could reduce the incidence of ketamine-induced unpleasant dreams. To test this hypothesis, we randomized 100 patients receiving sedation with ketamine for their procedure into 2 groups with ...
Kubota Kazuo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical value of 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for the diagnosis of fever of unknown origin (FUO), we performed a Japanese multi-center retrospective survey. METHODS: A total of 81 consecutive patients with FUO who underwent FDG-PET at 6 institutions between July 2006 and December 2007 ...
Kakinuma Akihito - - 2011
Background: We designed an interactive animated video that provides a basic explanation-including the risks, benefits, and alternatives-of anesthetic procedures. We hypothesized that this video would improve patient understanding of anesthesia, reduce anxiety, and shorten the interview time. Methods: Two hundred eleven patients scheduled for cancer surgery under general anesthesia or ...
Gedikbaşı Ali - - 2011
To determine the clinical outcomes and decisions of families of fetuses with prenatally-diagnosed cardiac abnormalities. Prenatally diagnosed cases (n=155) with congenital heart disease were retrospectively categorized according to the Allan-Huggon grading system: Group A (cardiac disease associated with severe / lethal extracardiac disease); Group B1 (low risk with a postnatal ...
Shin Seokyung - - 2011
Background: The ability to identify the correct vertebral level through examination is an important skill for clinicians who are performing nerve blocks without fluoroscopy. The conventional palpation method, which identifies the most prominent cervical spinous process as the seventh cervical (C7) spinous process is unreliable in many cases. We compared ...
Spiliopoulos S - - 2011
AIM: To present the results of a prospective, randomized, single-centre study investigating local anaesthesia before percutaneous common femoral artery (CFA) puncture and catheterization with the use of ultrasound-guided injection of lidocaine versus standard infiltration by manual palpation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo diagnostic or therapeutic transfemoral catheter-based procedures ...
Montorsi Francesco - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (RCT) Level of Evidence 1b OBJECTIVE: • To assess the effects of combined therapy with dutasteride and tamsulosin on voiding and storage symptoms compared with those of dutasteride or tamsulosin alone, using 4-year data from the Combination of Avodart and Tamsulosin (CombAT) study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: • Men (n = 4844) ...
Feil Sven - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a key determinant affecting patient return to usual activity levels. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is a treatment that can counteract strength loss and serve as an adjunct to conventional therapy. PURPOSE: To compare the effect of adding traditional neuromuscular electrical stimulation (Polystim) or ...
Piatkowski A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: A prospective, randomized, controlled single center study was designed to evaluate clinical efficacy of a polyhexanide containing bio-cellulose dressing (group B) compared to a silver-sulfadiazine cream (group A) in sixty partial-thickness burn patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Local ethics committee approval was obtained and patients consented. Parameters were: pain reduction ...
Chen Shao-Liang - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the difference in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 12 months in patients with coronary bifurcation lesions after double kissing double crush (DK crush) or provisional stenting (PS) techniques. BACKGROUND: Provisional side branch (SB) stenting is preferable to DK crush because it has ...
Veselka Josef - - 2011
Several randomized studies and meta-analyses have suggested that pretreatment with statins may decrease periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The purpose of this randomized study was to investigate the effect of a 2-day atorvastatin therapy before PCI on long-term clinical outcome. Two hundred statin-naive patients ...
Becerık Sema - - 2011
Aim: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) osteocalcin, cross-linked N-terminal telopeptide (NTx) and calprotectin levels in cyclosporine A (CsA) induced gingival overgrowth (GO). Material and Methods: Forty CsA medicated patients including 20 with GO (CsA GO+), 10 without GO (CsA GO-) and 10 ...
Postiaux Guy - - 2011
BACKGROUND: the study is assessing the effects of a new chest physiotherapy (nCPT) protocol consisting of progressive slow expiration technique (PSE) and coughing provoked (CP) on symptoms of bronchial obstruction in hospitalized infants with an acute RSV bronchiolitis. METHODS: 20 infants (mean age: 4.19 months) were randomized into 2 groups: ...
Schäfer Florian - - 2011
Nitrodibenzofuran (NDBF) groups are used as photolabile "caging" groups to temporarily mask the Watson-Crick interaction of dA and dC residues. They show improved masking capabilities and are photodeprotected 12 times more efficiently than 1-(o-nitrophenyl)-ethyl (NPE) caging groups in these positions. Furthermore, NDBF groups can be removed wavelength-selectively in the presence ...
McMahon Michelle A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine if sputum colonization with Aspergillus species in patients with cystic fibrosis (PWCF) correlates with radiological abnormalities and/or a reduction in pulmonary function (FEV1). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 32 PWCF utilizing high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the thorax and pulmonary function testing (PFT). The cohort was assessed ...
Chung Shiu-Dong - - 2011
To determine the efficacy of toterodine extended release (ER) treatment for 1 year in older men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and storage symptoms treated with alpha-blockers and/or 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (5ARI). Men aged over 70 years with BPH/bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and clinical storage symptoms were randomly treated with or ...
Dere Huseyin - - 2011
The ossicles may be affected through the mass effect of the pathological tissue in chronic otitis media. Ossicular reconstruction may be accomplished using the patients' own ossicles or with alloplastic materials. Glass ionomer ossiculoplasty is a fast, efficient, safe and cost-effective method and it has been used more frequently in ...
Shin W-J - - 2011
Background: Hyperlactatemia can predict the prognosis of patients undergoing liver resection. The effects of lactated Ringer's solution on liver function have not been evaluated in patients undergoing major liver resection. We therefore compared the effects of two different crystalloid solutions, with and without lactate, on liver function test data and ...
Sun Peng-Fei - - 2011
We prospectively evaluated a consecutive series of 56 patients with unicompartmental knee arthritis who underwent unicompartmental knee replacement or total knee arthroplasty and received an average of 52months of follow-up. These patients were enrolled in a prospective randomized clinical trial. There were no significant differences in the pre-operative parameters of ...
James Anthony - - 2011
This study compared patient outcomes of a single surgeon experience between those with inferior and medial pedicle breast reductions. A cohort of 84 patients was analyzed. In all, 49 inferior pedicle reductions and 35 medial pedicle reductions were performed. The average weight of tissue removed per breast was 639 g ...
Gunaydin Serdar - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the relative clinical and biomaterial effects of blood transfusions (Tx) and novel low-prime, surface-coated circuitry on perioperative outcome in a pediatric population undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Over a 12-month period, 80 patients weighing >10 kg undergoing ventricular ...
Base Eva M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The infusion of large amounts of saline-based solutions may contribute to the development of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis and the use of a balanced carrier for colloid solutions might improve postoperative acid-base status. The equivalence of 2 hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions and the influence on chloride levels and acid-base status ...
Silva Sv - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo effect of the addition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reduced glutathione (GSH) to ram semen freezing extender. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were detected between groups regarding total motility (TM), straightness (STR) and wobble (WOB), for which ...
Jin Zhenxiao - - 2011
Objective: Adenosine pretreatment reduces injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion. To investigate the hypothesis that adenosine pretreatment would modulate injury induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and myocardial ischemia/reperfusion, we conducted a randomized controlled trial on the effects of adenosine pretreatment in children undergoing surgery to repair congenital heart defects. Methods: Children undergoing ...
Ozkan Levend - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We describe a new technique that can easily be used as a tension-free practical alternative in closing the renal defects resulting after open partial nephrectomy (PN). METHODS: A new technique (called "lipocorticoplasty") where "wrapped fatty tissue" was placed in the tumor crater to close the renal defects that occur ...
Marchant Fernando - - 2011
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL) is an established technique for the treatment of renal calculi. Some reports have challenged the need for a nephrostomy tube at the end of the procedure, arguing that it accounts for a longer hospital stay and increased postoperative pain. During the last years, several series have addressed ...
Huppert J - - 2011
In cervical multi-level degenerative pathology, considering the morbidity of the extensive fusion techniques, some authors advocate for the multilevel disc replacement. This study compared the safety and efficacy of disc replacement with an unconstrained prosthesis in multi- versus single-level patients. A total of 231 patients with cervical degenerative disc disease ...
Zhang Zhihong - - 2011
Objective: To investigate the effect of Cordyceps sinensis (Bailing Capsule, fermented agent of C. sinensis) on renal function of patients with chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). Methods: A total of 231 CAN patients who underwent transplantation between 2005 and 2008 and experienced chronic graft dysfunction were randomly divided into 2 groups. ...
Qu Xin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In the past several years, increasing attention has been paid to the utility of a pseudocapsule in transphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas. However, prior studies focused more on the histological structure of the pseudocapsule and surgical technique. The objective of this study was to evaluate the overall therapeutic effectiveness ...
Abraham William T - - 2011
Results of previous studies support the hypothesis that implantable haemodynamic monitoring systems might reduce rates of hospitalisation in patients with heart failure. We undertook a single-blind trial to assess this approach. Patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure, irrespective of the left ventricular ejection fraction, and ...
Testini Mario - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome in patients with cervical goiters and cervicomediastinal goiters (CMGs) undergoing total thyroidectomy using the cervical or extracervical approach. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted at six academic departments of general surgery and one endocrine-surgical unit in Italy. The study population consisted of 19,662 patients ...
Du Minquan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of fluoride varnish (5% sodium fluoride, Duraphat®, Colgate) in reverting white spot lesions (WSLs) after fixed orthodontic treatment. This study was a randomized, parallel group, controlled clinical trial. Using saline solution as control, 110 participants (mean age ± standard deviation: ...
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