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Results 601 - 650 of 2868
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Mowafi Hany A - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of preoperative lornoxicam on postoperative pain management following tonsillectomy. Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. King Fahd University Hospital. 40 adult, ASA physical status I and II patients scheduled for tonsillectomy. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups to receive either intravenous (IV) lornoxicam 16 mg (Group ...
Schwarzkopf Ran - - 2011
Postoperative development of heterotopic ossification can compromise the success of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Heterotopic ossification has been associated with decreased postoperative hip range of motion (ROM), potentially leading to poor patient satisfaction with outcome. Many risk factors predisposing to heterotopic ossification have been discussed in the literature, including sex, ...
Might Kelly R - - 2011
Objective: To determine the effect of proximal ulnar osteotomy (PUO), distal ulnar osteotomy (DUO), and DUO with release of the interosseous ligament (DOLR) on displacement of the proximal ulna at the radioulnar joint. Study Design: Experimental mechanical study. Sample Population: Cadaveric, skeletally mature canine thoracic limb pairs (n=11). Methods: Thoracic ...
Taskin Umit - - 2011
Objective. The basic aim of this study was to minimize intraoperative bleeding, postoperative eyelid edema, and periorbital ecchymosis and to reduce morbidity with a combination of cold saline-soaked gauze compression and intraoperative single-dose corticosteroids. Study Design. The study was designed as a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled study. Three hundred patients ...
Ravnskog F-A - - 2011
To compare the performance of Hydrofiber and alginate dressings used in the treatment of primary hip arthroplasty wounds. Patients were randomised into one of two groups, receiving either a Hydrofiber or an alginate dressing. Outcome measures, assessed by daily observations, included skin damage (erythema, blisters and skin injuries) and the ...
Tabata Minoru - - 2011
A new vascular graft (Triplex [Vascutek Terumo, Tokyo, Japan]) has a three-layer structure and no biologic coating material. We assessed inflammatory reaction and mediastinal tube drainage after thoracic aortic surgery using this graft. Between January 2009 and September 2009, 127 patients underwent open ascending aortic or arch repair. Triplex grafts ...
Huang T-W - - 2011
We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the effect of femoral bowing on the placement of components in total knee replacement (TKR), with regard to its effect on reestablishing the correct mechanical axis, as we hypothesised that computer-assisted total knee replacement (CAS-TKR) would produce more accurate alignment than conventional TKR. ...
Adeniji Beni - - 2011
Objectives- Real-time 4-dimensional (4D) sonography can visualize the location of a chorionic villus sampling (CVS) catheter simultaneously in 3 dimensions. We determined the utility of 4D versus 2-dimensional (2D) sonographic guidance for transcervical CVS. Methods- Chorionic villus sampling was performed on 40 patients at 10 to 13 weeks' gestation (20 ...
O'Brien John M - - 2011
We sought to reduce long-term complications after cesarean delivery by improving myometrial healing. Eight sheep (three with twins) underwent cesarean delivery. Hysterotomy sites were repaired in equal parts by suture alone or suture with a juxtaposed graft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN). At 90 days postsurgery, scar characteristics and tensile strength ...
Takeda Takahide - - 2011
Amiodarone is a potent anti-atrial fibrillation (AF) agent; however, its systemic administration induces serious side effects such as interstitial pneumonia. To avoid such effects, we developed a local sustained-release system for amiodarone. A biodegradable, cross-linkable dextran disc was developed as a sustained-release carrier for amiodarone. Under general anesthesia, Japanese white ...
Jildenstål Pether K - - 2011
Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after non-cardiac surgery is a well known problem in some categories of patients. This study aims to evaluate the influence of auditory evoked potential (AEP)-guided anaesthesia on the requirement for anaesthetic drugs and their influence on POCD. Four hundred and fifty patients aged between 18 and ...
Fathi Ali-Reza - - 2011
We assessed the diagnostic accuracy and time effectiveness of the Statscan low-dose full-body digital x-ray machine in the evaluation of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt dysfunction. Twenty-five consecutive adults scheduled for a radiographic shunt series with the Statscan were prospectively selected (group 1). Another 21 consecutive patients who underwent conventional x-ray scanning ...
Can Izzet - - 2011
To use Fourier-domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT)) to evaluate the main clear corneal incisions (CCIs) in microcoaxial and biaxial cataract surgery, the effects of incision enlargement, and the probable reasons for problematic healing. Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, 2nd Ophthalmology Department, Ankara, Turkey. Cohort study. Eyes that had ...
Sigler Lauren M - - 2011
Our aim was to investigate the effect of rapid maxillary expansion and transpalatal arch therapy combined with deciduous canine extraction on the eruption rate of palatally displaced canines (PDCs) in patients in the late mixed dentition in a 2-center prospective study. Seventy subjects were enrolled based on PDCs diagnosed on ...
Rioja Jorge - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: We stratified factors that affect treatment morbidity, compared the outcomes of ureteroscopy procedures from a single department under different conditions, and provided evidence of treatment benefits when ureteroscopy is performed in an expert setting. Patients and Methods: Since the department became a dedicated endourologic center in 2002, we ...
Annibale B - - 2011
The standard therapeutic approach for symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (DD) remains to be defined, and only a few studies have tested the efficacy of probiotics in these patients. Patients with symptomatic uncomplicated DD were randomized to a control arm, i.e., (group A, [N.=16], high-fibre diet alone), or to Group B ...
Celinski Krzysztof - - 2011
  Melatonin and l-tryptophan (Trp) are highly gastroprotective in humans, but no study has assessed their impact on healing of chronic gastroduodenal ulcers in humans. Three groups (A, B and C) of 14 idiopathic patients in each treatment group with gastroduodenal chronic ulcers were treated with omeprazole (20 mg twice daily) ...
Karim Y M - - 2011
This study assessed two disposable devices, the LMA Fastrach(TM) and the newly developed supraglottic airway device, the Air-Q(TM) , as a conduit for tracheal intubation in 154 healthy adults undergoing elective surgery. Using a non-inferiority approach, the primary outcome measure was successful tracheal intubation within two blind insertion attempts. Successful ...
Zhou Zi-Jun - - 2011
Bacterial infections remain a serious complication following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of a guideline for the appropriate use of antibiotics in CABG during the perioperative period. Six hundred and fourteen hospitalized patients who had undergone CABG from January to ...
Xu Bo - - 2011
Available drug-eluting stents (DES) have achieved great success in reducing restenosis rates. Recently, investigators have demonstrated that the durable polymer carrier plays a significant role in DES-related hypersensitive reaction and delays vessel healing. TIVOLI stent is a novel sirolimus-eluting coronary stent with biodegradable coating containing sirolimus and polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) ...
Meyer Scott A - - 2011
Object Two common causes of cervical myelopathy include degenerative stenosis and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). It has been postulated that patients with OPLL have more complications and worse outcomes than those with degenerative stenosis. The authors sought to compare the surgical results of laminoplasty in the treatment ...
Cray James J - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Craniosynostosis is defined as the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), regulators of ossification, have been implicated in premature suture fusion. Noggin, an extracellular BMP inhibitor, has been shown experimentally to inhibit resynostosis following surgery. The present study was designed to test the ...
Unal Yusuf - - 2011
To investigate the effects of perivascular and intravenous application of lidocaine on venous endothelial morphology of harvested rabbit vein graft. This study was conducted in Gazi University Animal Research Laboratory, Ankara, Turkey in March 2009. Three ear veins of each rabbits (n=6) were used. Control group (Group C, n=6 vessels), ...
Gurbuz M Cenk - - 2011
Purpose: To evaluate hyoscine N-butyl bromide (HBB) and three different alpha-1 blockers in the treatment of distal ureteral stones. Materials and Methods: A total of 140 patients with stones located in the distal tract of the ureter with stone diameters of 5 to 10mm were enrolled in the present study ...
Altinok B - - 2011
The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the potential effect of laser therapy on the prevention of erosive demineralisation either alone or combined with acidulated phosphate fluoride gel on human enamel. It was hypothesized that such a treatment would decrease enamel solubility. Study Design: Efficacy of 2940nm ...
Wang Ren - - 2011
To observe the early colonization of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli (B&L) in the postoperative neonate patients (NPs) with congenital intestinal atresia (CIA). A prospective study was conducted in Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai, China between February 2009 to August 2010 on 18 postoperative NPs with CIA (NP group), and 20 healthy full-term ...
Galinski Michel - - 2011
To compare two brands of disposable plastic laryngoscope blades, Vital View plastic blades and Heine XP plastic blades, with the reusable Heine Classic+ Macintosh metal blades. Prospective randomized, controlled, single-blinded study. Operating room of a university-affiliated hospital. 519 patients without criteria for predicted difficult intubation, undergoing scheduled surgery during general ...
Baumann Donald P - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal timing of delayed abdominal free flap breast reconstruction following postmastectomy radiation therapy. The authors evaluated the association between timing of delayed abdominal free flap breast reconstruction following postmastectomy radiation therapy and postoperative complications. The authors reviewed a prospectively maintained database ...
Thomason Pamela - - 2011
Single-event multilevel surgery is considered the standard of care to improve gait and functioning of children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. However, the evidence base is limited. This pilot study is the first randomized controlled trial of single-event multilevel surgery, to our knowledge. Nineteen children (twelve boys and seven girls ...
Yang Jun - - 2011
Epidural adhesion and fibrosis attribute to the prevalence of pain in normal wound healing after laminectomy surgery. Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), an antitumor drug, has proved to be effective in preventing fibroblast proliferation and reducing epidural adhesion after laminectomy in vivo animal study. However, HCPT's disadvantages, such as poor solubility and short ...
Westermeyer Hans D - - 2011
Objective-To determine ocular tissue drug concentrations after topical ocular administration of 0.3% ciprofloxacin and 0.5% moxifloxacin in ophthalmologically normal horses. Animals-24 ophthalmologically normal adult horses. Procedures-0.3% ciprofloxacin and 0.5% moxifloxacin solutions (0.1 mL) were applied to the ventral conjunctival fornix of 1 eye in each horse as follows: group 1 ...
Debnath Ujjwal Kanti - - 2011
A retrospective matched cohort study. To compare the results of combined Luque rod-sublaminar wiring (thoracic) and pedicle (lower lumbar) instrumentation (SLW) versus those with pedicle screw fixation (PS) for scoliosis correction in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). PS fixation is gaining popularity. Two instrumentation systems were not compared before in a ...
Jung Gul - - 2011
This study was performed to find the optimal volume of local anesthetics needed for a successful ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block (SGB) to treat head and neck pathology. Fifteen female and fourteen male sensory-neural hearing loss patients received 4 times SGBs with 0.2% ropivacaine in volumes of 6, 4, 3 and ...
Kim Kyu Seop - - 2011
Smoking is one of well known environmental factors causing endothelial dysfunction and plays important role in the atherosclerosis. We investigated the effect of cilostazol could improve the endothelial dysfunction in smokers with the measurement of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD). We enrolled 10 normal healthy male persons and 20 male smokers without ...
Shin Seung-Youp - - 2011
Alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) is the main inhibitor of human neutrophil elastase, and plays a role in counteracting the tissue damage caused by elastase in local inflammatory conditions. The study evaluated the involvement of AAT in nasal allergic inflammation. Forty subjects with mono-sensitization to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dpt) were enrolled. Twenty allergic rhinitis ...
Choi Hwa Sub - - 2011
We evaluated the factors that affect the improvement of the initial peak flow rate after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients by using noninvasive tools. One hundred and twenty seven BPH patients who had undergone TURP or ...
Chung Joonho - - 2011
This prospective, non-randomized study compared the safety and efficacy of the Angio-Seal™ Evolution™ to that of manual compression for common femoral artery punctures in neurovascular diagnostic angiography. From June 2009 to September 2009, we performed 169 diagnostic trans-femoral cerebral angiographies, using either the Angio-Seal™ Evolution™ or manual compression to achieve ...
Jang Kun Soo - - 2011
Both the paraspinal muscle sparing approach and percutaneous screw fixation are less traumatic procedures in comparison with the conventional midline approach. These techniques have been used with the goal of reducing muscle injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and to compare the safety and efficacy of the ...
Harnett P - - 2011
We conducted a prospective randomised controlled trial to compare the standard Ponseti plaster method with an accelerated method for the treatment of idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus. The standard weekly plaster-change method was accelerated to three times per week. We hypothesised that both methods would be equally effective in achieving correction. ...
Xia Wen-fang - - 2011
To investigate and compare the effects of propofol and midazolam on inflammation and oxidase stress in children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. Thirty-two ASA class I-II children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery were randomly divided into two groups: propofol combined with low dose fentanyl (PF group, ...
Kim Eun Sung - - 2011
Opioids may affect changes in the corrected QT interval (QTc) during anesthetic induction. This study examine whether a single bolus of remifentanil would prolong QTc after laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion during sevoflurane induction. Forty women of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 (ASA PS1) undergoing gynecological surgery were ...
Cakir Evrim - - 2011
Different nutritional and environmental factors are responsible for the pathogenesis of goiter, but iodine deficiency is the most important factor. However, little is known about the natural course of benign thyroid nodules in euthyroid patients over time. Few studies have used ultrasonographic evaluation to address this issue, especially in iodine-deficient ...
Kang Seok-Hui - - 2011
Many studies have compared patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on renal replacement therapy (RRT) with non-lupus patients. However, few data are available on the long-term outcome of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to SLE who are managed by different types of RRTs. We conducted a retrospective multicenter ...
Park Joon-Sung - - 2011
Short hemofilter survival and anticoagulation-related life-threatening complications are major problems in systemic anticoagulation with heparin (SAH) for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The present study examined if regional anticoagulation with citrate (RAC) using commercially available solutions can overcome the associated problems of SAH to produce economical benefits. Forty-six patients were ...
Tubbs Jacquelyn T - - 2011
C57BL/6NCrl male mice (n = 60; age, 6 to 7 wk) underwent partial hepatectomy or no surgery and were given 1 of 3 analgesics pre- and postoperatively. Food and water consumption, body weight, running wheel activity, locomotor activity, and serum corticosterone concentrations were measured before and after surgery. Mice that ...
Wildi Lukas Martin - - 2011
To determine the effect of chondroitin sulphate (CS) treatment on cartilage volume loss, subchondral bone marrow lesions (BML), synovitis and disease symptoms in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). In this pilot multicentre, randomised, double-blind, controlled trial in primary knee OA, 69 patients with clinical signs of synovitis were randomised to ...
Ikeda Jun - - 2011
To investigate the effects of surface modification of extrasynovial tendon with a carbodiimide derivatized synovial fluid (SF) on the gliding ability of extrasynovial tendon for a possible tendon graft application. We used 63 peroneus longus tendons from canine hind legs. We immediately assessed 3 tendons morphologically using a scanning electron ...
Lee Jae Young - - 2011
This study was performed to evaluate the potential clinical value of concurrent chemotherapy and pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy (CCHT), as well as the safety of pulsed HIFU, for the treatment of unresectable pancreatic cancer. Twelve patients were treated with HIFU from October 2008 to May 2010, and ...
Liao Chia-Chih - - 2011
Pruritus is the most common side effect of epidural morphine analgesia. Diphenhydramine is a widely used agent for the treatment of urticarial pruritus. Nalbuphine is a mixed opioid agonist-antagonist and has been reported to be effective in treating opioid-induced pruritus. We compared the effectiveness of intramuscular diphenhydramine and nalbuphine for ...
Chang Po-Chih - - 2011
There are presently several options for the management of posterior urethral disruption. However, these options remain controversial for several reasons. Thus, this medical issue has been continuously investigated. From 1991 to 2001, 22 patients with complete posterior urethral disruption out of 720 urethral injury cases were retrospectively reviewed using strict ...
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