Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2886
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Fredrickson Michael J - - 2011
Two distinctly different approaches to interscalene catheter placement have been in common use for close to a decade. This prospective randomized study tested the hypothesis that interscalene catheters placed using the posterior approach would provide a more effective analgesia after shoulder surgery compared with catheters placed using the anterolateral approach. ...
Hou Yu - - 2011
Patients with persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) often need direct current cardioversion after radiofrequency ablation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of ibutilide for cardioversion of persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation and the factors related to conversion. Patients with persistent ...
Kim Jung Yeul - - 2011
To compare the prophylactic effects of intravenous moxifloxacin and vancomycin for Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis in a rabbit model. Albino rabbits (n = 60) were divided into three groups. Intravenous moxifloxacin was injected into 20 animals (group 1), and intravenous vancomycin was injected into 20 animals (group 2). In group 3, ...
Darlong Vanlal - - 2011
Supraglottic airways (SGA) through which blind endotracheal intubation is made possible is an area of considerable interest. Our study aimed at comparing the Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway (CPLA) with the Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA) with regard to the performance of the former as a conduit for facilitating blind endotracheal intubation. ...
Kranz Stefan - - 2011
Enterococcus faecalis is frequently found in persistent endodontic infections. In this context, the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) could become a modern alternative to existing antibacterial treatment approaches. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aPDT on E. faecalis using the photosensitizer (PS) 5,10,15,20-tetra(m-hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC) enriched in ...
Tang Xiaoping - - 2011
The goal of this study was to determine the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on the clinical outcome of patients after resection of meningiomas with conspicuous peritumoral brain edema (PTBE). 232 patients with intracranial meningiomas and conspicuous PTBE were allocated to the HBO2 Group or the Control Group (116 in ...
Mizrak Ayse - - 2011
: We aimed to investigate and compare the P duration and P dispersion (Pd) between male and female patients with a primary diagnosis of chronic schizophrenia disorder before and after the electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) period. : We obtained electrocardiograms of 50 healthy young volunteers which included 25 female (group F, ...
Eid Hany Salah El-Din - - 2011
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2T) on improving bony stability in LeFort I maxillofacial surgery. Sixteen cases (n = 16) with severe skeletal anteroposterior discrepancies and who had ceased growing were used as subjects. The samples were categorized into two groups: Group ...
Bevilacqua José Luís - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The high incidence of patients beginning dialysis treatment with venous catheters, as well as the growing number of patients with permanent catheter access, has increased catheter- related blood infections and their consequences. Thus the search for substances with anticoagulant properties that also prevent catheter contamination is necessary. OBJECTIVE: This ...
Ni Zhong-Han - - 2011
The conventional thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) involves groin incisions under general or epidural anesthesia. As technology moves towards less invasive procedures, a total percutaneous approach is desirable. In this study, we describe a Preclosing technique and investigate its safety and efficacy for femoral access sites management, and evaluate its ...
Darabos Nikica - - 2011
PURPOSE: Pro-inflammatory cytokines play a pivotal role in osteoarthritis, as well as in bone tunnel widening after ACL reconstructive surgery. A new treatment option is to administer autologous conditioned serum (ACS) containing endogenous anti-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1Ra and growth factors (IGF-1, PDGF, and TGF-β1, among others) in the liquid blood ...
Sveberg G - - 2011
The objectives of the present study were to describe, in detail, behavior associated with standing estrus (STE) in lactating dairy cows and behavioral changes during complete estrous cycles. Estrus signs were monitored by continuous video recording of 20 Holstein-Friesian (HF) cows housed on an outdoor wood-chip pad during 1 estrous ...
Shi Guang-Xia - - 2011
To explore the physiologic mechanism of immediate analgesic effect of acupuncture in primary dysmenorrhea patients. Forty primary dysmenorrhea patients were randomized into the Sanyinjiao (SP6) acupuncture group, Xuanzhong (GB39) control group, nonacupoint control group, or no acupuncture group. Patients in the 3 acupuncture groups were treated with electroacupuncture at assigned ...
Leung Yiu Yan - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To identify the specific radiographic signs on orthopantomograms that are positive predictors of intraoperative inferior dental nerve (IDN) exposure and postoperative IDN deficit in lower third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: A prospective clinical cohort of patients with lower third molars with specific radiographic signs showing a close proximity ...
Ozdemir B H - - 2011
Rapamycin (RPM) has antiangiogenic and antiproliferative effects on cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanism of RPM as a novel antifibrotic agent by assessing its effect on interstitial fibrosis (IF). Among 60 renal transplant recipients, group 1 patients (n = 20) were treated with RPM and ...
Alessandri Bonetti Giulio - - 2011
In this research project, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of single (1 deciduous canine) and double (deciduous canine and first molar) extractions in subjects with retained maxillary permanent canines positioned palatally or centrally in the alveolar crest, at risk for root resorption of adjacent permanent teeth. Subjects at risk ...
Zhang Jing Lin - - 2011
To investigate how long indocyanine green (ICG) remains in the fundus after vitreoretinal surgery assisted with ICG, and to identify factors that influence the persistence duration. Fifty five eyes diagnosed as idiopathic macular hole (Stage 2 and 3) were randomly divided into five groups. ICG solution at concentrations of 5, ...
Ali Naeem Sultan - - 2011
To compare harmonic scalpel (HS) tonsillectomy with electrocautery (EC) tonsillectomy in terms of operating time, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative pain and secondary haemorrhage. Sixty adult patients subjected to tonsillectomy only, were evaluated in this prospective study. The patients were stratified into 2 groups (30 each) based on the dissecting instrument ...
Pournaras Constantin J - - 2011
Purpose: Evaluation of the visual and anatomical outcomes following idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane (ERM) removal, with or without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, and review of the literature. Methods: A retrospective study of 39 eyes operated for idiopathic ERM was conducted. Pars plana vitrectomy was combined with ERM removal and ...
Mowafi Hany A - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of preoperative lornoxicam on postoperative pain management following tonsillectomy. Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. King Fahd University Hospital. 40 adult, ASA physical status I and II patients scheduled for tonsillectomy. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups to receive either intravenous (IV) lornoxicam 16 mg (Group ...
Schwarzkopf Ran - - 2011
Postoperative development of heterotopic ossification can compromise the success of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Heterotopic ossification has been associated with decreased postoperative hip range of motion (ROM), potentially leading to poor patient satisfaction with outcome. Many risk factors predisposing to heterotopic ossification have been discussed in the literature, including sex, ...
Might Kelly R - - 2011
Objective: To determine the effect of proximal ulnar osteotomy (PUO), distal ulnar osteotomy (DUO), and DUO with release of the interosseous ligament (DOLR) on displacement of the proximal ulna at the radioulnar joint. Study Design: Experimental mechanical study. Sample Population: Cadaveric, skeletally mature canine thoracic limb pairs (n=11). Methods: Thoracic ...
Taskin Umit - - 2011
Objective. The basic aim of this study was to minimize intraoperative bleeding, postoperative eyelid edema, and periorbital ecchymosis and to reduce morbidity with a combination of cold saline-soaked gauze compression and intraoperative single-dose corticosteroids. Study Design. The study was designed as a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled study. Three hundred patients ...
Ravnskog F-A - - 2011
To compare the performance of Hydrofiber and alginate dressings used in the treatment of primary hip arthroplasty wounds. Patients were randomised into one of two groups, receiving either a Hydrofiber or an alginate dressing. Outcome measures, assessed by daily observations, included skin damage (erythema, blisters and skin injuries) and the ...
Tabata Minoru - - 2011
A new vascular graft (Triplex [Vascutek Terumo, Tokyo, Japan]) has a three-layer structure and no biologic coating material. We assessed inflammatory reaction and mediastinal tube drainage after thoracic aortic surgery using this graft. Between January 2009 and September 2009, 127 patients underwent open ascending aortic or arch repair. Triplex grafts ...
Huang T-W - - 2011
We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the effect of femoral bowing on the placement of components in total knee replacement (TKR), with regard to its effect on reestablishing the correct mechanical axis, as we hypothesised that computer-assisted total knee replacement (CAS-TKR) would produce more accurate alignment than conventional TKR. ...
Adeniji Beni - - 2011
Objectives- Real-time 4-dimensional (4D) sonography can visualize the location of a chorionic villus sampling (CVS) catheter simultaneously in 3 dimensions. We determined the utility of 4D versus 2-dimensional (2D) sonographic guidance for transcervical CVS. Methods- Chorionic villus sampling was performed on 40 patients at 10 to 13 weeks' gestation (20 ...
O'Brien John M - - 2011
We sought to reduce long-term complications after cesarean delivery by improving myometrial healing. Eight sheep (three with twins) underwent cesarean delivery. Hysterotomy sites were repaired in equal parts by suture alone or suture with a juxtaposed graft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN). At 90 days postsurgery, scar characteristics and tensile strength ...
Takeda Takahide - - 2011
Amiodarone is a potent anti-atrial fibrillation (AF) agent; however, its systemic administration induces serious side effects such as interstitial pneumonia. To avoid such effects, we developed a local sustained-release system for amiodarone. A biodegradable, cross-linkable dextran disc was developed as a sustained-release carrier for amiodarone. Under general anesthesia, Japanese white ...
Jildenstål Pether K - - 2011
Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after non-cardiac surgery is a well known problem in some categories of patients. This study aims to evaluate the influence of auditory evoked potential (AEP)-guided anaesthesia on the requirement for anaesthetic drugs and their influence on POCD. Four hundred and fifty patients aged between 18 and ...
Fathi Ali-Reza - - 2011
We assessed the diagnostic accuracy and time effectiveness of the Statscan low-dose full-body digital x-ray machine in the evaluation of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt dysfunction. Twenty-five consecutive adults scheduled for a radiographic shunt series with the Statscan were prospectively selected (group 1). Another 21 consecutive patients who underwent conventional x-ray scanning ...
Can Izzet - - 2011
To use Fourier-domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT)) to evaluate the main clear corneal incisions (CCIs) in microcoaxial and biaxial cataract surgery, the effects of incision enlargement, and the probable reasons for problematic healing. Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, 2nd Ophthalmology Department, Ankara, Turkey. Cohort study. Eyes that had ...
Sigler Lauren M - - 2011
Our aim was to investigate the effect of rapid maxillary expansion and transpalatal arch therapy combined with deciduous canine extraction on the eruption rate of palatally displaced canines (PDCs) in patients in the late mixed dentition in a 2-center prospective study. Seventy subjects were enrolled based on PDCs diagnosed on ...
Rioja Jorge - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: We stratified factors that affect treatment morbidity, compared the outcomes of ureteroscopy procedures from a single department under different conditions, and provided evidence of treatment benefits when ureteroscopy is performed in an expert setting. Patients and Methods: Since the department became a dedicated endourologic center in 2002, we ...
Annibale B - - 2011
The standard therapeutic approach for symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (DD) remains to be defined, and only a few studies have tested the efficacy of probiotics in these patients. Patients with symptomatic uncomplicated DD were randomized to a control arm, i.e., (group A, [N.=16], high-fibre diet alone), or to Group B ...
Celinski Krzysztof - - 2011
  Melatonin and l-tryptophan (Trp) are highly gastroprotective in humans, but no study has assessed their impact on healing of chronic gastroduodenal ulcers in humans. Three groups (A, B and C) of 14 idiopathic patients in each treatment group with gastroduodenal chronic ulcers were treated with omeprazole (20 mg twice daily) ...
Karim Y M - - 2011
This study assessed two disposable devices, the LMA Fastrach(TM) and the newly developed supraglottic airway device, the Air-Q(TM) , as a conduit for tracheal intubation in 154 healthy adults undergoing elective surgery. Using a non-inferiority approach, the primary outcome measure was successful tracheal intubation within two blind insertion attempts. Successful ...
Zhou Zi-Jun - - 2011
Bacterial infections remain a serious complication following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of a guideline for the appropriate use of antibiotics in CABG during the perioperative period. Six hundred and fourteen hospitalized patients who had undergone CABG from January to ...
Xu Bo - - 2011
Available drug-eluting stents (DES) have achieved great success in reducing restenosis rates. Recently, investigators have demonstrated that the durable polymer carrier plays a significant role in DES-related hypersensitive reaction and delays vessel healing. TIVOLI stent is a novel sirolimus-eluting coronary stent with biodegradable coating containing sirolimus and polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) ...
Meyer Scott A - - 2011
Object Two common causes of cervical myelopathy include degenerative stenosis and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). It has been postulated that patients with OPLL have more complications and worse outcomes than those with degenerative stenosis. The authors sought to compare the surgical results of laminoplasty in the treatment ...
Unal Yusuf - - 2011
To investigate the effects of perivascular and intravenous application of lidocaine on venous endothelial morphology of harvested rabbit vein graft. This study was conducted in Gazi University Animal Research Laboratory, Ankara, Turkey in March 2009. Three ear veins of each rabbits (n=6) were used. Control group (Group C, n=6 vessels), ...
Gurbuz M Cenk - - 2011
Purpose: To evaluate hyoscine N-butyl bromide (HBB) and three different alpha-1 blockers in the treatment of distal ureteral stones. Materials and Methods: A total of 140 patients with stones located in the distal tract of the ureter with stone diameters of 5 to 10mm were enrolled in the present study ...
Altinok B - - 2011
The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the potential effect of laser therapy on the prevention of erosive demineralisation either alone or combined with acidulated phosphate fluoride gel on human enamel. It was hypothesized that such a treatment would decrease enamel solubility. Study Design: Efficacy of 2940nm ...
Wang Ren - - 2011
To observe the early colonization of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli (B&L) in the postoperative neonate patients (NPs) with congenital intestinal atresia (CIA). A prospective study was conducted in Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai, China between February 2009 to August 2010 on 18 postoperative NPs with CIA (NP group), and 20 healthy full-term ...
Galinski Michel - - 2011
To compare two brands of disposable plastic laryngoscope blades, Vital View plastic blades and Heine XP plastic blades, with the reusable Heine Classic+ Macintosh metal blades. Prospective randomized, controlled, single-blinded study. Operating room of a university-affiliated hospital. 519 patients without criteria for predicted difficult intubation, undergoing scheduled surgery during general ...
Thomason Pamela - - 2011
Single-event multilevel surgery is considered the standard of care to improve gait and functioning of children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. However, the evidence base is limited. This pilot study is the first randomized controlled trial of single-event multilevel surgery, to our knowledge. Nineteen children (twelve boys and seven girls ...
Yang Jun - - 2011
Epidural adhesion and fibrosis attribute to the prevalence of pain in normal wound healing after laminectomy surgery. Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), an antitumor drug, has proved to be effective in preventing fibroblast proliferation and reducing epidural adhesion after laminectomy in vivo animal study. However, HCPT's disadvantages, such as poor solubility and short ...
Westermeyer Hans D - - 2011
Objective-To determine ocular tissue drug concentrations after topical ocular administration of 0.3% ciprofloxacin and 0.5% moxifloxacin in ophthalmologically normal horses. Animals-24 ophthalmologically normal adult horses. Procedures-0.3% ciprofloxacin and 0.5% moxifloxacin solutions (0.1 mL) were applied to the ventral conjunctival fornix of 1 eye in each horse as follows: group 1 ...
Debnath Ujjwal Kanti - - 2011
A retrospective matched cohort study. To compare the results of combined Luque rod-sublaminar wiring (thoracic) and pedicle (lower lumbar) instrumentation (SLW) versus those with pedicle screw fixation (PS) for scoliosis correction in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). PS fixation is gaining popularity. Two instrumentation systems were not compared before in a ...
Jung Gul - - 2011
This study was performed to find the optimal volume of local anesthetics needed for a successful ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block (SGB) to treat head and neck pathology. Fifteen female and fourteen male sensory-neural hearing loss patients received 4 times SGBs with 0.2% ropivacaine in volumes of 6, 4, 3 and ...
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