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Results 551 - 600 of 2859
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Huang Guiliang - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the effects of NasoPore after packing of the middle ear in guinea pigs. Study Design. A randomized, prospective, controlled animal study. Setting. University laboratory. Subjects and Methods. Forty-one guinea pigs were divided into 3 groups. In group 1 (n = 12), the middle ears of animals were ...
Kim Han Koo - - 2011
Diced cartilage grafting has re-emerged as a popular method in aesthetic rhinoplasty since the introduction of Erol's Turkish delight technique. However, an extensive literature review indicates that diced cartilage grafts with Surgicel(®) wrapping are usually absorbed and often fail to correct associated clinical problems. Recent studies show that significant foreign-body ...
Farrokhi Majid Reza - - 2011
Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are a major cause of increased morbidity in older patients. This randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) versus optimal medical therapy (OMT) in controlling pain and improving the quality of life (QOL) in patients with VCFs. Efficacy was measured as the ...
Zijlstra Wierd P - - 2011
We aimed to test the claim of greater range of motion (ROM) with large femoral head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty. We compared 28-mm metal-on-polyethylene (MP) total hip arthroplasty with large femoral head metal-on-metal (MM) total hip arthroplasty in a randomised clinical trial. ROM one year postoperatively was determined in 50 ...
Silander Ewa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this randomized study was to examine if a prophylactic percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) for enteral nutrition could prevent malnutrition, reduce hospital stay, and improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: One hundred thirty-four patients with advanced head and neck cancer were randomized to either prophylactic PEG ...
Kanbay Asiye - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular events and hypertension. The possible causes are oxygen desaturation due to hypopnea, increased cytokine levels and insulin resistance. All these risk factors also have a role in the progression of chronic kidney ...
Boccardo Francesco M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the efficacy of the lymphatic microsurgical preventive healing approach (LYMPHA) to prevent lymphedema after axillary dissection (AD) for breast cancer treatment. METHODS: Among 49 consecutive women referred from March 2008 to September 2009 to undergo complete AD, 46 were randomly divided in 2 groups. Twenty-three underwent ...
Oʼhora John - - 2011
O'Hora, J, Cartwright, A, Wade, CD, Hough, AD, and Shum, GLK. Efficacy of static stretching and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretch on hamstrings length after a single session. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-A number of studies have investigated the efficacy of several repetitions of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF) ...
Meyfroidt Geert - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of a computer-generated blood glucose (BG) alert, generated by a Patient Data Management System (PDMS) and superimposed on a paper-based guideline, on tight glycemic control (TGC) in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: TGC in the Leuven University Hospitals is performed by nurses using a ...
Kim Doo-Sup - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between a primary dislocation group (group P) and a recurrent dislocation group (group R) with combined lesion of Bankart and type II SLAP lesions (type V SLAP lesion) and to evaluate incidence of type V SLAP lesion. In addition, the ...
Kono Masato - - 2011
Background: Recently, the potential therapeutic effect of direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column (PMX-DHP) has been reported for acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia (AE-IP), a highly morbid clinical event; however, there is no consensus on the appropriate procedure for PMX-DHP. We examined the appropriate perfusion duration of PMX-DHP ...
Irie Toru - - 2011
In this study, we used a rabbit medial collateral ligament reconstruction model to evaluate a novel chitosan-based hyaluronan hybrid polymer fiber scaffold for ligament tissue engineering and to examine whether mechanical forces exerted in an in vivo model increased extracellular matrix production by seeded fibroblasts. Scaffolds were used 2 weeks ...
Günaydın Rıza Onder - - 2011
The objective of this study is to compare the nasal packing and the transseptal suturing techniques regarding the extubation difficulty evaluation scores, follow-up times in post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU), pain scores, and postoperative complications. Two hundred patients who underwent septoplasty from January 2009 to October 2009 were randomly assigned either ...
Voiner J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to analyse the masticatory patterns and range of motion (maximal incisal opening (MIO), protrusion and lateral excursion) in patients who have had unilateral and bilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) replacement with an alloplastic prosthesis, and compare them to each other and to normal controls. Mandibular ...
Cincik Hakan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate hydroxyproline levels in nasal specimens from patients with nasal polyps, and to examine hydroxyproline levels after nasal steroid spray and oral steroid treatments. This study was performed on 41 patients. The subjects were divided into four groups: no medication group (group A, ...
Filiopoulos Vassilis - - 2011
Background: Use of uncuffed catheters (UCs) in hemodialysis patients is common practice. An antibiotic lock has been recommended to prevent catheter-related bacteremia (CRB), although insufficient data are available about the appropriate antimicrobial agent and dose with prolonged use of UCs. Methods: This open-label randomized study was conducted to compare gentamicin/heparin ...
Guglielmo Anna - - 2011
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, single-blind crossover study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of a combination palatal and buccal infiltration of the maxillary first molar. Using a crossover design, 40 subjects received two sets of maxillary first molar infiltrations at two separate appointments spaced at least 1 week ...
Mitrović A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO) to the vigilance of spermatozoids. The sperm samples were obtained from the patients (n=10) with diagnosed oligospermia. The motility of spermatozoids in tested samples was not lower than 30% but it did not exceed the ...
Babacan Hasan - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of fixed appliances on oral malodor. Forty-one patients participated in this study. They were randomized into 2 groups: treated with fixed orthodontic appliances and untreated controls. Oral malodor measurements and the gingival and plaque indexes were recorded in each group ...
Uyar Yavuz - - 2011
We aimed to compare the results of extracapsullary dissection (ED) with superficial parotidectomy (SP) in the surgical treatment of benign parotid tumors. Forty-one patients who were diagnosed with pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland and underwent surgery between January 1992 and June 2000 were enrolled in this study. The patients ...
Chen Ying-Tzu - - 2011
Auditory evoked potential (AEP) index is one of the several physiological parameters for assessing the depth of anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the AEP monitoring could provide a better information for assessment of anesthesia level in classic laryngeal mask airway (C-LMA) insertion than the use ...
Forsythe Brian - - 2011
The outcomes of combined arthroscopic repairs of a SLAP (superior labral anterior-posterior) lesion and a rotator cuff tear are not known. We compared the outcomes in a cohort of patients who had undergone concomitant arthroscopic repairs of a SLAP lesion and a rotator cuff tear with those in a cohort ...
Fredrickson Michael J - - 2011
Two distinctly different approaches to interscalene catheter placement have been in common use for close to a decade. This prospective randomized study tested the hypothesis that interscalene catheters placed using the posterior approach would provide a more effective analgesia after shoulder surgery compared with catheters placed using the anterolateral approach. ...
Hou Yu - - 2011
Patients with persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) often need direct current cardioversion after radiofrequency ablation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of ibutilide for cardioversion of persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation and the factors related to conversion. Patients with persistent ...
Kim Jung Yeul - - 2011
To compare the prophylactic effects of intravenous moxifloxacin and vancomycin for Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis in a rabbit model. Albino rabbits (n = 60) were divided into three groups. Intravenous moxifloxacin was injected into 20 animals (group 1), and intravenous vancomycin was injected into 20 animals (group 2). In group 3, ...
Darlong Vanlal - - 2011
Supraglottic airways (SGA) through which blind endotracheal intubation is made possible is an area of considerable interest. Our study aimed at comparing the Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway (CPLA) with the Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA) with regard to the performance of the former as a conduit for facilitating blind endotracheal intubation. ...
Kranz Stefan - - 2011
Enterococcus faecalis is frequently found in persistent endodontic infections. In this context, the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) could become a modern alternative to existing antibacterial treatment approaches. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aPDT on E. faecalis using the photosensitizer (PS) 5,10,15,20-tetra(m-hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC) enriched in ...
Tang Xiaoping - - 2011
The goal of this study was to determine the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on the clinical outcome of patients after resection of meningiomas with conspicuous peritumoral brain edema (PTBE). 232 patients with intracranial meningiomas and conspicuous PTBE were allocated to the HBO2 Group or the Control Group (116 in ...
Mizrak Ayse - - 2011
: We aimed to investigate and compare the P duration and P dispersion (Pd) between male and female patients with a primary diagnosis of chronic schizophrenia disorder before and after the electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) period. : We obtained electrocardiograms of 50 healthy young volunteers which included 25 female (group F, ...
Eid Hany Salah El-Din - - 2011
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2T) on improving bony stability in LeFort I maxillofacial surgery. Sixteen cases (n = 16) with severe skeletal anteroposterior discrepancies and who had ceased growing were used as subjects. The samples were categorized into two groups: Group ...
Bevilacqua José Luís - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The high incidence of patients beginning dialysis treatment with venous catheters, as well as the growing number of patients with permanent catheter access, has increased catheter- related blood infections and their consequences. Thus the search for substances with anticoagulant properties that also prevent catheter contamination is necessary. OBJECTIVE: This ...
Ni Zhong-Han - - 2011
The conventional thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) involves groin incisions under general or epidural anesthesia. As technology moves towards less invasive procedures, a total percutaneous approach is desirable. In this study, we describe a Preclosing technique and investigate its safety and efficacy for femoral access sites management, and evaluate its ...
Darabos Nikica - - 2011
PURPOSE: Pro-inflammatory cytokines play a pivotal role in osteoarthritis, as well as in bone tunnel widening after ACL reconstructive surgery. A new treatment option is to administer autologous conditioned serum (ACS) containing endogenous anti-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1Ra and growth factors (IGF-1, PDGF, and TGF-β1, among others) in the liquid blood ...
Sveberg G - - 2011
The objectives of the present study were to describe, in detail, behavior associated with standing estrus (STE) in lactating dairy cows and behavioral changes during complete estrous cycles. Estrus signs were monitored by continuous video recording of 20 Holstein-Friesian (HF) cows housed on an outdoor wood-chip pad during 1 estrous ...
Shi Guang-Xia - - 2011
To explore the physiologic mechanism of immediate analgesic effect of acupuncture in primary dysmenorrhea patients. Forty primary dysmenorrhea patients were randomized into the Sanyinjiao (SP6) acupuncture group, Xuanzhong (GB39) control group, nonacupoint control group, or no acupuncture group. Patients in the 3 acupuncture groups were treated with electroacupuncture at assigned ...
Leung Yiu Yan - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To identify the specific radiographic signs on orthopantomograms that are positive predictors of intraoperative inferior dental nerve (IDN) exposure and postoperative IDN deficit in lower third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: A prospective clinical cohort of patients with lower third molars with specific radiographic signs showing a close proximity ...
Ozdemir B H - - 2011
Rapamycin (RPM) has antiangiogenic and antiproliferative effects on cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanism of RPM as a novel antifibrotic agent by assessing its effect on interstitial fibrosis (IF). Among 60 renal transplant recipients, group 1 patients (n = 20) were treated with RPM and ...
Alessandri Bonetti Giulio - - 2011
In this research project, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of single (1 deciduous canine) and double (deciduous canine and first molar) extractions in subjects with retained maxillary permanent canines positioned palatally or centrally in the alveolar crest, at risk for root resorption of adjacent permanent teeth. Subjects at risk ...
Zhang Jing Lin - - 2011
To investigate how long indocyanine green (ICG) remains in the fundus after vitreoretinal surgery assisted with ICG, and to identify factors that influence the persistence duration. Fifty five eyes diagnosed as idiopathic macular hole (Stage 2 and 3) were randomly divided into five groups. ICG solution at concentrations of 5, ...
Ali Naeem Sultan - - 2011
To compare harmonic scalpel (HS) tonsillectomy with electrocautery (EC) tonsillectomy in terms of operating time, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative pain and secondary haemorrhage. Sixty adult patients subjected to tonsillectomy only, were evaluated in this prospective study. The patients were stratified into 2 groups (30 each) based on the dissecting instrument ...
Pournaras Constantin J - - 2011
Purpose: Evaluation of the visual and anatomical outcomes following idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane (ERM) removal, with or without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, and review of the literature. Methods: A retrospective study of 39 eyes operated for idiopathic ERM was conducted. Pars plana vitrectomy was combined with ERM removal and ...
Mowafi Hany A - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of preoperative lornoxicam on postoperative pain management following tonsillectomy. Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. King Fahd University Hospital. 40 adult, ASA physical status I and II patients scheduled for tonsillectomy. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups to receive either intravenous (IV) lornoxicam 16 mg (Group ...
Schwarzkopf Ran - - 2011
Postoperative development of heterotopic ossification can compromise the success of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Heterotopic ossification has been associated with decreased postoperative hip range of motion (ROM), potentially leading to poor patient satisfaction with outcome. Many risk factors predisposing to heterotopic ossification have been discussed in the literature, including sex, ...
Might Kelly R - - 2011
Objective: To determine the effect of proximal ulnar osteotomy (PUO), distal ulnar osteotomy (DUO), and DUO with release of the interosseous ligament (DOLR) on displacement of the proximal ulna at the radioulnar joint. Study Design: Experimental mechanical study. Sample Population: Cadaveric, skeletally mature canine thoracic limb pairs (n=11). Methods: Thoracic ...
Taskin Umit - - 2011
Objective. The basic aim of this study was to minimize intraoperative bleeding, postoperative eyelid edema, and periorbital ecchymosis and to reduce morbidity with a combination of cold saline-soaked gauze compression and intraoperative single-dose corticosteroids. Study Design. The study was designed as a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled study. Three hundred patients ...
Ravnskog F-A - - 2011
To compare the performance of Hydrofiber and alginate dressings used in the treatment of primary hip arthroplasty wounds. Patients were randomised into one of two groups, receiving either a Hydrofiber or an alginate dressing. Outcome measures, assessed by daily observations, included skin damage (erythema, blisters and skin injuries) and the ...
Tabata Minoru - - 2011
A new vascular graft (Triplex [Vascutek Terumo, Tokyo, Japan]) has a three-layer structure and no biologic coating material. We assessed inflammatory reaction and mediastinal tube drainage after thoracic aortic surgery using this graft. Between January 2009 and September 2009, 127 patients underwent open ascending aortic or arch repair. Triplex grafts ...
Huang T-W - - 2011
We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the effect of femoral bowing on the placement of components in total knee replacement (TKR), with regard to its effect on reestablishing the correct mechanical axis, as we hypothesised that computer-assisted total knee replacement (CAS-TKR) would produce more accurate alignment than conventional TKR. ...
Adeniji Beni - - 2011
Objectives- Real-time 4-dimensional (4D) sonography can visualize the location of a chorionic villus sampling (CVS) catheter simultaneously in 3 dimensions. We determined the utility of 4D versus 2-dimensional (2D) sonographic guidance for transcervical CVS. Methods- Chorionic villus sampling was performed on 40 patients at 10 to 13 weeks' gestation (20 ...
O'Brien John M - - 2011
We sought to reduce long-term complications after cesarean delivery by improving myometrial healing. Eight sheep (three with twins) underwent cesarean delivery. Hysterotomy sites were repaired in equal parts by suture alone or suture with a juxtaposed graft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN). At 90 days postsurgery, scar characteristics and tensile strength ...
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