Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2869
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D'souza Nita - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare intravenous dexamethasone and ondansetron for the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), a main complaint that affects almost 40%-75% of patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS: In a prospective study, 93 women were divided into 3 groups receiving 4mg of dexamethasone, 8mg of dexamethasone, or 4mg ...
Kawoosa Nadeem Ulnazeer - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a lot of controversy about the best surgical treatment for esophageal carcinoma. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 382 patients with carcinoma of the mid-to-distal esophagus underwent transthoracic or transhiatal esophagectomy. Early morbidity and mortality were compared. Principal endpoints were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: ...
Aslanides Ioannis M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive and visual outcomes using the Schwind Amaris excimer laser in patients with high astigmatism (>1D) with and without the static cyclotorsion compensation (SCC) algorithm available with this new laser platform. METHODS: 70 consecutive eyes with ≥1D astigmatism were randomized to treatment with compensation of static ...
de Bortoli N - - 2011
Barrett's oesophagus is regarded as the most important risk factor for development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. According to current guidelines, treatment should be limited to symptomatic Barrett's oesophagus. To evaluate the expression of Ki67, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and apoptosis in Barrett's oesophagus after 12 months of double-dose proton pump inhibitor therapy. The ...
Takayama Tetsuji T Department of Gastroenterology and Oncology, Institutes of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, - - 2011
On the basis of the results of our preliminary trial suggesting that aberrant crypt foci (ACF) could be eradicated by short-term administration of sulindac, in the present study, we explored the feasibility of using ACF as surrogate markers for chemoprevention of colorectal cancer. Randomly assigned to sulindac (300 mg daily), ...
Mokbel Abir M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study was intended to verify the likelihood of homing of intra-articularily injected mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its involvement in the healing process of experimentally induced, acute and chronic, partial chondral defects in dogs. METHODS: Partial thickness chondral defects were created on the lateral femoral condyle of stifle ...
Yu Kun - - 2011
Refinements in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) equipment, including heparin-coated surfaces, centrifugal pump, membrane oxygenator, and more biocompatible pump-oxygenator circuits, have reduced procedure-related complications and have made ECMO a safe and effective therapy for critical patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of two different ECMO circuit ...
Li Chuan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy is one of the primary methods used in the treatment of hepatic lesions and liver graft harvesting. However, few studies have evaluated the postoperative recovery process of donor patients and that of normal liver hepatic patients following a right hepatectomy procedure. METHODS: For this current study, the clinical ...
Fischer Marlene - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Little is known about endothelial activation under the influence of endovascular temperature management. This analysis was designed to measure the endothelial markers Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and -2 (Ang-2) in endovascularly based prophylactic normothermia versus conventional temperature management. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial patients with spontaneous subarachnoid or spontaneous intracerebral ...
Cepni Kimia - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of oral misoprostol administered to facilitate tandem application to the cervix as a part of brachytherapy in patients with cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eighty patients with cervical cancer who had been planned to undergo brachytherapy at Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital ...
Huang Guiliang - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the effects of NasoPore after packing of the middle ear in guinea pigs. Study Design. A randomized, prospective, controlled animal study. Setting. University laboratory. Subjects and Methods. Forty-one guinea pigs were divided into 3 groups. In group 1 (n = 12), the middle ears of animals were ...
Kim Han Koo - - 2011
Diced cartilage grafting has re-emerged as a popular method in aesthetic rhinoplasty since the introduction of Erol's Turkish delight technique. However, an extensive literature review indicates that diced cartilage grafts with Surgicel(®) wrapping are usually absorbed and often fail to correct associated clinical problems. Recent studies show that significant foreign-body ...
Farrokhi Majid Reza - - 2011
Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are a major cause of increased morbidity in older patients. This randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) versus optimal medical therapy (OMT) in controlling pain and improving the quality of life (QOL) in patients with VCFs. Efficacy was measured as the ...
Zijlstra Wierd P - - 2011
We aimed to test the claim of greater range of motion (ROM) with large femoral head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty. We compared 28-mm metal-on-polyethylene (MP) total hip arthroplasty with large femoral head metal-on-metal (MM) total hip arthroplasty in a randomised clinical trial. ROM one year postoperatively was determined in 50 ...
Kanbay Asiye - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular events and hypertension. The possible causes are oxygen desaturation due to hypopnea, increased cytokine levels and insulin resistance. All these risk factors also have a role in the progression of chronic kidney ...
Boccardo Francesco M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the efficacy of the lymphatic microsurgical preventive healing approach (LYMPHA) to prevent lymphedema after axillary dissection (AD) for breast cancer treatment. METHODS: Among 49 consecutive women referred from March 2008 to September 2009 to undergo complete AD, 46 were randomly divided in 2 groups. Twenty-three underwent ...
Oʼhora John - - 2011
O'Hora, J, Cartwright, A, Wade, CD, Hough, AD, and Shum, GLK. Efficacy of static stretching and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretch on hamstrings length after a single session. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-A number of studies have investigated the efficacy of several repetitions of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF) ...
Meyfroidt Geert - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of a computer-generated blood glucose (BG) alert, generated by a Patient Data Management System (PDMS) and superimposed on a paper-based guideline, on tight glycemic control (TGC) in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: TGC in the Leuven University Hospitals is performed by nurses using a ...
Kim Doo-Sup - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between a primary dislocation group (group P) and a recurrent dislocation group (group R) with combined lesion of Bankart and type II SLAP lesions (type V SLAP lesion) and to evaluate incidence of type V SLAP lesion. In addition, the ...
Silander Ewa E Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg Sweden. - - 2012
The purpose of this randomized study was to examine if a prophylactic percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) for enteral nutrition could prevent malnutrition, reduce hospital stay, and improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). One hundred thirty-four patients with advanced head and neck cancer were randomized to either prophylactic PEG (study group) ...
Kono Masato - - 2011
Background: Recently, the potential therapeutic effect of direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column (PMX-DHP) has been reported for acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia (AE-IP), a highly morbid clinical event; however, there is no consensus on the appropriate procedure for PMX-DHP. We examined the appropriate perfusion duration of PMX-DHP ...
Irie Toru - - 2011
In this study, we used a rabbit medial collateral ligament reconstruction model to evaluate a novel chitosan-based hyaluronan hybrid polymer fiber scaffold for ligament tissue engineering and to examine whether mechanical forces exerted in an in vivo model increased extracellular matrix production by seeded fibroblasts. Scaffolds were used 2 weeks ...
Günaydın Rıza Onder - - 2011
The objective of this study is to compare the nasal packing and the transseptal suturing techniques regarding the extubation difficulty evaluation scores, follow-up times in post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU), pain scores, and postoperative complications. Two hundred patients who underwent septoplasty from January 2009 to October 2009 were randomly assigned either ...
Voiner J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to analyse the masticatory patterns and range of motion (maximal incisal opening (MIO), protrusion and lateral excursion) in patients who have had unilateral and bilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) replacement with an alloplastic prosthesis, and compare them to each other and to normal controls. Mandibular ...
Cincik Hakan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate hydroxyproline levels in nasal specimens from patients with nasal polyps, and to examine hydroxyproline levels after nasal steroid spray and oral steroid treatments. This study was performed on 41 patients. The subjects were divided into four groups: no medication group (group A, ...
Filiopoulos Vassilis - - 2011
Background: Use of uncuffed catheters (UCs) in hemodialysis patients is common practice. An antibiotic lock has been recommended to prevent catheter-related bacteremia (CRB), although insufficient data are available about the appropriate antimicrobial agent and dose with prolonged use of UCs. Methods: This open-label randomized study was conducted to compare gentamicin/heparin ...
Guglielmo Anna - - 2011
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, single-blind crossover study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of a combination palatal and buccal infiltration of the maxillary first molar. Using a crossover design, 40 subjects received two sets of maxillary first molar infiltrations at two separate appointments spaced at least 1 week ...
Mitrović A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO) to the vigilance of spermatozoids. The sperm samples were obtained from the patients (n=10) with diagnosed oligospermia. The motility of spermatozoids in tested samples was not lower than 30% but it did not exceed the ...
Babacan Hasan - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of fixed appliances on oral malodor. Forty-one patients participated in this study. They were randomized into 2 groups: treated with fixed orthodontic appliances and untreated controls. Oral malodor measurements and the gingival and plaque indexes were recorded in each group ...
Uyar Yavuz - - 2011
We aimed to compare the results of extracapsullary dissection (ED) with superficial parotidectomy (SP) in the surgical treatment of benign parotid tumors. Forty-one patients who were diagnosed with pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland and underwent surgery between January 1992 and June 2000 were enrolled in this study. The patients ...
Chen Ying-Tzu - - 2011
Auditory evoked potential (AEP) index is one of the several physiological parameters for assessing the depth of anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the AEP monitoring could provide a better information for assessment of anesthesia level in classic laryngeal mask airway (C-LMA) insertion than the use ...
Forsythe Brian - - 2011
The outcomes of combined arthroscopic repairs of a SLAP (superior labral anterior-posterior) lesion and a rotator cuff tear are not known. We compared the outcomes in a cohort of patients who had undergone concomitant arthroscopic repairs of a SLAP lesion and a rotator cuff tear with those in a cohort ...
Fredrickson Michael J - - 2011
Two distinctly different approaches to interscalene catheter placement have been in common use for close to a decade. This prospective randomized study tested the hypothesis that interscalene catheters placed using the posterior approach would provide a more effective analgesia after shoulder surgery compared with catheters placed using the anterolateral approach. ...
Hou Yu - - 2011
Patients with persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) often need direct current cardioversion after radiofrequency ablation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of ibutilide for cardioversion of persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation and the factors related to conversion. Patients with persistent ...
Kim Jung Yeul - - 2011
To compare the prophylactic effects of intravenous moxifloxacin and vancomycin for Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis in a rabbit model. Albino rabbits (n = 60) were divided into three groups. Intravenous moxifloxacin was injected into 20 animals (group 1), and intravenous vancomycin was injected into 20 animals (group 2). In group 3, ...
Darlong Vanlal - - 2011
Supraglottic airways (SGA) through which blind endotracheal intubation is made possible is an area of considerable interest. Our study aimed at comparing the Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway (CPLA) with the Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA) with regard to the performance of the former as a conduit for facilitating blind endotracheal intubation. ...
Kranz Stefan - - 2011
Enterococcus faecalis is frequently found in persistent endodontic infections. In this context, the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) could become a modern alternative to existing antibacterial treatment approaches. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aPDT on E. faecalis using the photosensitizer (PS) 5,10,15,20-tetra(m-hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC) enriched in ...
Tang Xiaoping - - 2011
The goal of this study was to determine the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on the clinical outcome of patients after resection of meningiomas with conspicuous peritumoral brain edema (PTBE). 232 patients with intracranial meningiomas and conspicuous PTBE were allocated to the HBO2 Group or the Control Group (116 in ...
Mizrak Ayse - - 2011
: We aimed to investigate and compare the P duration and P dispersion (Pd) between male and female patients with a primary diagnosis of chronic schizophrenia disorder before and after the electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) period. : We obtained electrocardiograms of 50 healthy young volunteers which included 25 female (group F, ...
Eid Hany Salah El-Din - - 2011
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2T) on improving bony stability in LeFort I maxillofacial surgery. Sixteen cases (n = 16) with severe skeletal anteroposterior discrepancies and who had ceased growing were used as subjects. The samples were categorized into two groups: Group ...
Bevilacqua José Luís - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The high incidence of patients beginning dialysis treatment with venous catheters, as well as the growing number of patients with permanent catheter access, has increased catheter- related blood infections and their consequences. Thus the search for substances with anticoagulant properties that also prevent catheter contamination is necessary. OBJECTIVE: This ...
Ni Zhong-Han - - 2011
The conventional thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) involves groin incisions under general or epidural anesthesia. As technology moves towards less invasive procedures, a total percutaneous approach is desirable. In this study, we describe a Preclosing technique and investigate its safety and efficacy for femoral access sites management, and evaluate its ...
Darabos Nikica - - 2011
PURPOSE: Pro-inflammatory cytokines play a pivotal role in osteoarthritis, as well as in bone tunnel widening after ACL reconstructive surgery. A new treatment option is to administer autologous conditioned serum (ACS) containing endogenous anti-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1Ra and growth factors (IGF-1, PDGF, and TGF-β1, among others) in the liquid blood ...
Sveberg G - - 2011
The objectives of the present study were to describe, in detail, behavior associated with standing estrus (STE) in lactating dairy cows and behavioral changes during complete estrous cycles. Estrus signs were monitored by continuous video recording of 20 Holstein-Friesian (HF) cows housed on an outdoor wood-chip pad during 1 estrous ...
Shi Guang-Xia - - 2011
To explore the physiologic mechanism of immediate analgesic effect of acupuncture in primary dysmenorrhea patients. Forty primary dysmenorrhea patients were randomized into the Sanyinjiao (SP6) acupuncture group, Xuanzhong (GB39) control group, nonacupoint control group, or no acupuncture group. Patients in the 3 acupuncture groups were treated with electroacupuncture at assigned ...
Leung Yiu Yan - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To identify the specific radiographic signs on orthopantomograms that are positive predictors of intraoperative inferior dental nerve (IDN) exposure and postoperative IDN deficit in lower third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: A prospective clinical cohort of patients with lower third molars with specific radiographic signs showing a close proximity ...
Ozdemir B H - - 2011
Rapamycin (RPM) has antiangiogenic and antiproliferative effects on cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanism of RPM as a novel antifibrotic agent by assessing its effect on interstitial fibrosis (IF). Among 60 renal transplant recipients, group 1 patients (n = 20) were treated with RPM and ...
Alessandri Bonetti Giulio - - 2011
In this research project, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of single (1 deciduous canine) and double (deciduous canine and first molar) extractions in subjects with retained maxillary permanent canines positioned palatally or centrally in the alveolar crest, at risk for root resorption of adjacent permanent teeth. Subjects at risk ...
Zhang Jing Lin - - 2011
To investigate how long indocyanine green (ICG) remains in the fundus after vitreoretinal surgery assisted with ICG, and to identify factors that influence the persistence duration. Fifty five eyes diagnosed as idiopathic macular hole (Stage 2 and 3) were randomly divided into five groups. ICG solution at concentrations of 5, ...
Ali Naeem Sultan - - 2011
To compare harmonic scalpel (HS) tonsillectomy with electrocautery (EC) tonsillectomy in terms of operating time, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative pain and secondary haemorrhage. Sixty adult patients subjected to tonsillectomy only, were evaluated in this prospective study. The patients were stratified into 2 groups (30 each) based on the dissecting instrument ...
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