Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2886
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Caserta Donatella - - 2011
Aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of recombinant luteinizing hormone (rLH) supplementation in late follicular phase in multiple follicular stimulation with recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH) in Triptoreline down-regulated patients undergoing IVF, on preventing clinical OHSS and cycles cancellation for OHSS risk. Nine hundred ninety-nine patients aged ...
Chung Ho-Yeon - - 2011
Background  We performed a randomized, double-blind, prospective, 16-week clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of risedronate with and without cholecalciferol on 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and bone markers in Korean patients with osteoporosis. Methods  We randomly assigned 164 adults with osteoporosis to one of two treatment groups: RSD+ ...
Cruzado Josep M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of new therapeutic strategies for IgA nephropathy. Low-dose sirolimus inhibits mesangial cell proliferation and renal fibrosis in animal models. METHODS: We performed a pilot, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-dose sirolimus in patients with a high-risk IgA nephropathy. Twenty-three patients ...
Felice Maria S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to compare two different schedules of maintenance in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with a BFM-based therapy, in a randomized study: an Arm with 6-MP + MTX (with or without vincristine and dexamethasone pulses) versus a more intensive continuation phase. PROCEDURE: From January 1996 to November 2002, ...
Martin Matthew - - 2011
No study has compared 1.8 mL and 3.6 mL 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in a mandibular buccal infiltration of the first molar. The authors conducted a prospective, randomized, single-blind, crossover study comparing the degree of pulpal anesthesia obtained with 1.8 mL and 3.6 mL 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine ...
Tan Wuyuan - - 2011
Reduction malarplasty with L-shaped osteotomy has been widely applied to correct malar prominence because of its simple manipulation, satisfactory outcome, and few complications in east Asians. Secondary surgery for the removal of titanium miniplates or microplates and screws is often needed because of the drawbacks of implants. To overcome the ...
Mayorga I - - 2011
Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) is a very important tool for the genetic improvement and preservation of endangered livestock. However, the success of a MOET programme highly depends on the number of transferable embryos in response to a superovulation treatment. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare ...
Gerding Heinrich - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse functional results of flexible ranibizumab treatment in exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and to search for parameters with impact on outcome. METHODS: Analysis of a retrospective institutional case series (104 eyes) with a low-threshold re-treatment algorithm and monthly follow-up for 12 months. ...
Cicek Gokhan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effect of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) on the outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) can be diagnosed from a level of at least 6.5% on two separate occasions according to the American Diabetes Association ...
Le Rouic Jean-Francois - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To compare the cumulative risk of retinal detachment (RD) after macular surgery with 23-gauge sutureless vitrectomy and with 20-gauge vitrectomy. METHODS:: A single-center retrospective comparative study was conducted, comparing eyes operated for epiretinal membrane, macular hole, vitreomacular traction, and internal limiting membrane peeling. The 23-gauge group included 349 eyes ...
Wu Wencan - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To assess the combination of an endoscopic transethmoidal approach (ETEA) and a transconjunctival inferior fornix approach (TIFA) for repairing combined orbital floor and medial wall blowout fractures (COF-MWBOFs). METHODS:: Patients with unilateral COF-MWBOFs were randomized to 2 groups: ETEA combined with TIFA or medial canthal incision (MCI) combined with ...
Matsuzaki Sachiko - - 2011
BACKGROUND Our objective was to evaluate the impact of intraperitoneal pressure (IPP) and duration of a CO(2) pneumoperitoneum on the peritoneal fibrinolytic system during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS Human study: Patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were divided into two groups: low (8 mmHg, n= 32) or standard (12 mmHg, n= 36) IPP. ...
Martins Décio Rodrigues - - 2011
This study evaluated the influence of intrusion mechanics combined with anterior retraction on root resorption of the maxillary incisors. A sample of 56 patients was divided into two groups: group 1 comprised 28 patients (12 females and 16 males), presenting with an increased overjet and deep overbite (6.48 and 4.78 ...
Nishino Yudai - - 2011
In this research, we examined the effect on wound healing applying basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) that is approved for clinical use to enhance wound healing and human deciduous teeth dental pulp cells (hDPCs) in clinics, but that have been attracting attention as a novel stem cell source in recent ...
Pasupathy Sanjay - - 2011
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate the role of prophylactic antibiotics, if any, in the removal of mandibular impacted third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: A total of 89 patients were randomly allocated in 3 groups (group 1, placebo; group 2, amoxicillin 1 g orally 1 h before surgery; and group 3, ...
Linn Michael S MS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0863, - - 2011
Osteochondral allografts are an increasingly popular treatment for the repair of articular cartilage lesions. Current tissue bank protocols require bacteriological testing that takes from 21 to 28 days to process. During this time, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α, a proapoptotic cytokine) is upregulated, resulting in loss of chondrocyte viability. To date, ...
Batchelor Tim P TP Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK. - - 2011
When social animals engage in inter-group contests, the outcome is determined by group sizes and individual masses, which together determine group resource-holding potential ('group RHP'). Individuals that perceive themselves as being in a group with high RHP may receive a motivational increase and increase their aggression levels. Alternatively, individuals in ...
Prasannaraj Thomas - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of intraoperative topical application of mitomycin C (MMC) on the results of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. DESIGN: This is a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind study. SETTINGS: Hospitalized treatment was done in a tertiary medical college hospital and research center that deals ...
D'souza Nita - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare intravenous dexamethasone and ondansetron for the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), a main complaint that affects almost 40%-75% of patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS: In a prospective study, 93 women were divided into 3 groups receiving 4mg of dexamethasone, 8mg of dexamethasone, or 4mg ...
Kawoosa Nadeem Ulnazeer - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a lot of controversy about the best surgical treatment for esophageal carcinoma. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 382 patients with carcinoma of the mid-to-distal esophagus underwent transthoracic or transhiatal esophagectomy. Early morbidity and mortality were compared. Principal endpoints were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: ...
Aslanides Ioannis M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive and visual outcomes using the Schwind Amaris excimer laser in patients with high astigmatism (>1D) with and without the static cyclotorsion compensation (SCC) algorithm available with this new laser platform. METHODS: 70 consecutive eyes with ≥1D astigmatism were randomized to treatment with compensation of static ...
de Bortoli N - - 2011
Barrett's oesophagus is regarded as the most important risk factor for development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. According to current guidelines, treatment should be limited to symptomatic Barrett's oesophagus. To evaluate the expression of Ki67, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and apoptosis in Barrett's oesophagus after 12 months of double-dose proton pump inhibitor therapy. The ...
Takayama Tetsuji T Department of Gastroenterology and Oncology, Institutes of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, - - 2011
On the basis of the results of our preliminary trial suggesting that aberrant crypt foci (ACF) could be eradicated by short-term administration of sulindac, in the present study, we explored the feasibility of using ACF as surrogate markers for chemoprevention of colorectal cancer. Randomly assigned to sulindac (300 mg daily), ...
Mokbel Abir M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study was intended to verify the likelihood of homing of intra-articularily injected mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its involvement in the healing process of experimentally induced, acute and chronic, partial chondral defects in dogs. METHODS: Partial thickness chondral defects were created on the lateral femoral condyle of stifle ...
Yu Kun - - 2011
Refinements in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) equipment, including heparin-coated surfaces, centrifugal pump, membrane oxygenator, and more biocompatible pump-oxygenator circuits, have reduced procedure-related complications and have made ECMO a safe and effective therapy for critical patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of two different ECMO circuit ...
Li Chuan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy is one of the primary methods used in the treatment of hepatic lesions and liver graft harvesting. However, few studies have evaluated the postoperative recovery process of donor patients and that of normal liver hepatic patients following a right hepatectomy procedure. METHODS: For this current study, the clinical ...
Fischer Marlene - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Little is known about endothelial activation under the influence of endovascular temperature management. This analysis was designed to measure the endothelial markers Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and -2 (Ang-2) in endovascularly based prophylactic normothermia versus conventional temperature management. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial patients with spontaneous subarachnoid or spontaneous intracerebral ...
Cepni Kimia - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of oral misoprostol administered to facilitate tandem application to the cervix as a part of brachytherapy in patients with cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eighty patients with cervical cancer who had been planned to undergo brachytherapy at Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital ...
Huang Guiliang - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the effects of NasoPore after packing of the middle ear in guinea pigs. Study Design. A randomized, prospective, controlled animal study. Setting. University laboratory. Subjects and Methods. Forty-one guinea pigs were divided into 3 groups. In group 1 (n = 12), the middle ears of animals were ...
Kim Han Koo - - 2011
Diced cartilage grafting has re-emerged as a popular method in aesthetic rhinoplasty since the introduction of Erol's Turkish delight technique. However, an extensive literature review indicates that diced cartilage grafts with Surgicel(®) wrapping are usually absorbed and often fail to correct associated clinical problems. Recent studies show that significant foreign-body ...
Farrokhi Majid Reza - - 2011
Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are a major cause of increased morbidity in older patients. This randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) versus optimal medical therapy (OMT) in controlling pain and improving the quality of life (QOL) in patients with VCFs. Efficacy was measured as the ...
Zijlstra Wierd P - - 2011
We aimed to test the claim of greater range of motion (ROM) with large femoral head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty. We compared 28-mm metal-on-polyethylene (MP) total hip arthroplasty with large femoral head metal-on-metal (MM) total hip arthroplasty in a randomised clinical trial. ROM one year postoperatively was determined in 50 ...
Kanbay Asiye - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular events and hypertension. The possible causes are oxygen desaturation due to hypopnea, increased cytokine levels and insulin resistance. All these risk factors also have a role in the progression of chronic kidney ...
Boccardo Francesco M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the efficacy of the lymphatic microsurgical preventive healing approach (LYMPHA) to prevent lymphedema after axillary dissection (AD) for breast cancer treatment. METHODS: Among 49 consecutive women referred from March 2008 to September 2009 to undergo complete AD, 46 were randomly divided in 2 groups. Twenty-three underwent ...
Oʼhora John - - 2011
O'Hora, J, Cartwright, A, Wade, CD, Hough, AD, and Shum, GLK. Efficacy of static stretching and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretch on hamstrings length after a single session. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-A number of studies have investigated the efficacy of several repetitions of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF) ...
Meyfroidt Geert - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of a computer-generated blood glucose (BG) alert, generated by a Patient Data Management System (PDMS) and superimposed on a paper-based guideline, on tight glycemic control (TGC) in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: TGC in the Leuven University Hospitals is performed by nurses using a ...
Kim Doo-Sup - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between a primary dislocation group (group P) and a recurrent dislocation group (group R) with combined lesion of Bankart and type II SLAP lesions (type V SLAP lesion) and to evaluate incidence of type V SLAP lesion. In addition, the ...
Silander Ewa E Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg Sweden. - - 2012
The purpose of this randomized study was to examine if a prophylactic percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) for enteral nutrition could prevent malnutrition, reduce hospital stay, and improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). One hundred thirty-four patients with advanced head and neck cancer were randomized to either prophylactic PEG (study group) ...
Kono Masato - - 2011
Background: Recently, the potential therapeutic effect of direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column (PMX-DHP) has been reported for acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia (AE-IP), a highly morbid clinical event; however, there is no consensus on the appropriate procedure for PMX-DHP. We examined the appropriate perfusion duration of PMX-DHP ...
Irie Toru - - 2011
In this study, we used a rabbit medial collateral ligament reconstruction model to evaluate a novel chitosan-based hyaluronan hybrid polymer fiber scaffold for ligament tissue engineering and to examine whether mechanical forces exerted in an in vivo model increased extracellular matrix production by seeded fibroblasts. Scaffolds were used 2 weeks ...
Günaydın Rıza Onder - - 2011
The objective of this study is to compare the nasal packing and the transseptal suturing techniques regarding the extubation difficulty evaluation scores, follow-up times in post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU), pain scores, and postoperative complications. Two hundred patients who underwent septoplasty from January 2009 to October 2009 were randomly assigned either ...
Voiner J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to analyse the masticatory patterns and range of motion (maximal incisal opening (MIO), protrusion and lateral excursion) in patients who have had unilateral and bilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) replacement with an alloplastic prosthesis, and compare them to each other and to normal controls. Mandibular ...
Cincik Hakan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate hydroxyproline levels in nasal specimens from patients with nasal polyps, and to examine hydroxyproline levels after nasal steroid spray and oral steroid treatments. This study was performed on 41 patients. The subjects were divided into four groups: no medication group (group A, ...
Filiopoulos Vassilis - - 2011
Background: Use of uncuffed catheters (UCs) in hemodialysis patients is common practice. An antibiotic lock has been recommended to prevent catheter-related bacteremia (CRB), although insufficient data are available about the appropriate antimicrobial agent and dose with prolonged use of UCs. Methods: This open-label randomized study was conducted to compare gentamicin/heparin ...
Guglielmo Anna - - 2011
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, single-blind crossover study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of a combination palatal and buccal infiltration of the maxillary first molar. Using a crossover design, 40 subjects received two sets of maxillary first molar infiltrations at two separate appointments spaced at least 1 week ...
Mitrović A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO) to the vigilance of spermatozoids. The sperm samples were obtained from the patients (n=10) with diagnosed oligospermia. The motility of spermatozoids in tested samples was not lower than 30% but it did not exceed the ...
Babacan Hasan - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of fixed appliances on oral malodor. Forty-one patients participated in this study. They were randomized into 2 groups: treated with fixed orthodontic appliances and untreated controls. Oral malodor measurements and the gingival and plaque indexes were recorded in each group ...
Uyar Yavuz - - 2011
We aimed to compare the results of extracapsullary dissection (ED) with superficial parotidectomy (SP) in the surgical treatment of benign parotid tumors. Forty-one patients who were diagnosed with pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland and underwent surgery between January 1992 and June 2000 were enrolled in this study. The patients ...
Chen Ying-Tzu - - 2011
Auditory evoked potential (AEP) index is one of the several physiological parameters for assessing the depth of anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the AEP monitoring could provide a better information for assessment of anesthesia level in classic laryngeal mask airway (C-LMA) insertion than the use ...
Forsythe Brian - - 2011
The outcomes of combined arthroscopic repairs of a SLAP (superior labral anterior-posterior) lesion and a rotator cuff tear are not known. We compared the outcomes in a cohort of patients who had undergone concomitant arthroscopic repairs of a SLAP lesion and a rotator cuff tear with those in a cohort ...
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