Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2874
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Ballester Marcos - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term (over 4 years) functional outcomes and quality of life of transobturator (TOR) and retropubic (RPR) routes in the cure of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Prospective, randomized multicentre study involving 88 women with SUI from March 2004 to May 2005 (RPR group (n = 42), TOR group (n = 46)). Long-term ...
Noh Jung Ho - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study is to assess the relationship between clinical outcomes and the extent of synovialization through second-look arthroscopy for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using Achilles allograft in active young men. METHODS: Ninety-five subjects were diagnosed with ACL rupture and underwent reconstruction with Achilles allograft. Median age was 22 years ...
Vila Juan J - - 2011
To discuss the feasibility of single session endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) to discuss and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) execution. Retrospective endoscopic and anesthetic outcome comparison of performing both EUS and ERCP in a single endoscopic session (Group I) versus performing each procedure in two different sessions (Group II) was made. The ...
Pan Manuel - - 2011
The present report compared the incidence of 1-year clinical events in patients with bifurcation lesions that had been treated with a simple approach who were randomized to either a simultaneous final kissing balloon (KB) or an isolated side-branch (SB) balloon post-dilation. From February 2007 to December 2008, 293 patients with ...
Cirioni Oscar - - 2011
Objectives An experimental study was performed to evaluate both in vitro and in vivo the efficacy of clarithromycin coating combined with systemic amikacin in preventing ureteral stent biofilm infection due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Methods The activities of the two antibiotics were studied in vitro in the absence or in the ...
Mamisch Tallal Charles - - 2011
Femoroacetabular impingement is a well-described pre-arthritic condition with two main types; cam and pincer. Studies using the open treatment for impingement have described patterns of articular cartilage wear specific to cam and pincer impingement. Assessing articular damage in the hip joint is an important component of treatment. Intravenous gadolidium allows ...
Garrett Simon J W - - 2011
It has been suggested that revision of the femoral component of hip resurfacing after femoral failure would be straightforward and have an outcome comparable to primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). We have compared the outcome of femoral side-only revision resurfacings to the results of primary modular large-bearing metal-on-metal THA. Fourteen ...
Lee Seung-Whan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether cilostazol reduces intimal hyperplasia in patients undergoing long zotarolimus-eluting stent implantation (stent length: ≥ 30 mm) for native long coronary lesions (length: ≥ 25 mm). Restenosis after drug-eluting stent implantation remains a significant clinical problem in long coronary lesions. Patients (n ...
Nien Chyong Jy CJ Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California, Irvine, California 92868-4380, - - 2011
To compare the effects of topical cyclosporine A 0.05% (Restasis) with those of prednisolone acetate 1.00% (Pred Forte) on corneal haze after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California, Irvine-Orange, California, USA. Experimental study. After -9.00 diopter PRK, 15 rabbits were divided into 3 groups and treated ...
Burgu Berk - - 2011
AIM: To compare histological and urodynamic outcome of the classical detrusorotomy with and without the aid of intravesical balloon distension. We also describe a new technique with multiple detrusor incisions instead of detrusorotomy. METHODS: A total of 24 animals were included in the study. Three different techniques of autoaugmentation cystoplasty ...
Marelli Laura - - 2011
Background and aims Ulcerative colitis (UC) associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is usually clinically mild. The aim of the study was to assess whether there is an association between severity of PSC and activity of UC, comparing the course of UC in patients with PSC not needing liver transplantation ...
Shelbourne K Donald - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The long-term radiographic and subjective results of patients with posterior lateral meniscus root tears left in situ at the time of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has not been reported. HYPOTHESIS: The authors hypothesized that patients who had posterior lateral meniscus root tears left in situ would have statistically significantly ...
Salzano Francesco Antonio - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: These preliminary data show a decrease in nasal tactile sensitivity and point out interesting aspects of the nasal chronic inflammatory condition in allergic rhinitis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of allergic rhinitis on nasal tactile sensitivity during the intercritical period. Methods: A ...
Saxena Amol - - 2011
Achilles tendinopathy is common and extracorporeal shockwaves have become a popular treatment for this condition, even though previous research has not provided conclusive results regarding its efficacy in cases of Achilles tendinopathy. Our aim was to evaluate 3 weekly shockwave treatments in patients with Achilles tendinopathy, as quantified by the ...
Su Michael Y - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the effect of decreasing topical cyclosporine 0.05% (tCSA) (Restasis; Allergan, Irvine, CA) from twice-daily dosing to once-daily dosing in patients who have already completed 12 months of twice-daily therapy for dry eye disease. DESIGN:: Prospective, randomized, single-masked, parallel group comparison. PARTICIPANTS:: One hundred patients who had already ...
Verleden Geert M - - 2011
Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) remains the major hurdle to improve long-term survival after lung transplantation, as its treatment remains troublesome. In this pilot study, we investigated the effect of montelukast (a leukotriene receptor antagonist) on the FEV(1) decline after diagnosis of BOS and compared this with a control group. In ...
Yan Hede - - 2011
In this study, the feasibility of Integra acellular collagen used as a vascular carrier in skin flap prefabrication was examined. In all, 20 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. The saphenous vascular bundle was used as the vascular carrier. In group 1 (n = 8), an arteriovenous fistula ...
Feng Chenchen - - 2011
Abstract We investigated the effectiveness of NTrap in prevention of stone retropulsion during ureteroscopic Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy of upper ureteral calculi. A total of 308 patients with upper ureteral stones treated by semirigid ureteroscopic Ho:YAG laser were stratified into two groups in which 152 patients without NTrap use were assigned ...
Holzner Philipp Anton PA Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, Freiburg 79106, Germany. - - 2011
To investigate the influence of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) on anastomotic integrity. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomized to six groups. The control group (n = 10) had an end-to-end ileal anastomosis without RIPC. The preconditioned groups (n = 34) varied in time of ischemia and time of reperfusion. One ...
Balci Osman - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new technique of suspending the vaginal vault at vaginal hysterectomy (VH) for total uterine prolapse. Material and Methods:  This prospective study included 65 patients (group 1) in whom VH was performed using the new technique and 110 ...
Hirunwiwatkul Prakobkiat - - 2011
The objective of this randomized, controlled study is to compare intraoperative blood loss, operative time, postoperative pain and postoperative adverse effects (bleeding, velopharyngeal insufficiency and others) between vessel sealing system uvulopalatoplasty (VSSU) and uvulopalatal flap (UPF). The study was conducted at the Department of Otolaryngology, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, ...
Kempton Laurence B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Multiple biomechanical studies have analyzed the potential influence of inferior glenosphere tilt on scapular notching in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). The purpose of this study was to clinically determine the likelihood of scapular notching in a series of shoulders, with the glenospheres placed in neutral versus inferior tilt. ...
Lobetti Remo - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine serum urea and creatinine concentrations, the derived urea : creatinine (UC) ratios, haemoglobin concentrations and glomerular filtration rates (GFR) in dogs with haemolytic anaemia and those with experimentally induced anaemia and/or haemoglobinaemia. There were 25 dogs with babesiosis (group 1), 13 control ...
Kawamura Norio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy is the first-line treatment for alveolar echinococcosis (AE) if complete resection is feasible. However, a strategy for the treatment of patients with AE in whom the tumor cannot be resected completely remains to be defined. STUDY DESIGN: Data were retrospectively collected from 188 consecutive patients between 1984 and ...
Delamarter Rick - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Disc replacement arthroplasty previously has been shown to be an effective alternative to spine fusion for the treatment of single-level lumbar degenerative disc disease. The purpose of the present study was to determine the twenty-four-month results of a clinical trial of the ProDisc-L total disc replacement as compared with ...
Marucci Laura - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare 5-field and 7-field intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) techniques in terms of xerostomia and related quality of life in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer. METHODS: Eight and 23 patients were treated with 5-field (group I) and 7-field (group II) techniques, respectively. The xerostomia ...
Erven Katrien - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term impact of locoregional breast radiotherapy (RT) on pulmonary function tests (PFTs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study included 75 women who underwent postoperative locoregional breast RT. PFTs were performed before RT and 3, 6, and 12 months and 8 to 10 years after RT. By use ...
Hua Xu Li - - 2011
Objective: Epinephrine sprayed on the papilla may reduce papillary edema and prevent acute pancreatitis after ERCP. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of localized irrigation with epinephrine saline for prevention of PEP. Patients and Methods: 941 patients who scheduled for ERCP were recruited into this study. ...
Hakalahti Antti - - 2011
Aims Current guidelines recommend discontinuation of oral anticoagulation treatment (OAT) and switch to heparin 2-5 days before catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, increasing evidence leans against the 'bridge therapy' and support continuation of OAT during the procedure. Methods and results We evaluated the safety of AF ablation among ...
Guzmán-Esquivel Jose - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Urethral stricture disease is an obstruction or thinning of the urethra that causes restriction of urinary flow from the bladder during micturition. The object of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the proteolytic enzyme metalloproteinase-1 as treatment in urethral stricture disease. METHODS: An experimental study was ...
Kaya Göksel Şimşek - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The aim of the present randomized prospective clinical trial was to compare the effects of alvogyl, the SaliCept patch, and low-level laser therapy in the management of alveolar osteitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: The study population included 104 patients who had been referred to our clinic with a complaint of ...
Luján S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess if the systematic use of double J ureteral catheters in ureteroneocystostomies of kidney transplants reduces the rate of complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-randomized prospective, comparative study of parallel groups in 194 kidney transplants. We established two equal groups, 111 patients with double J catheter and another of ...
Tinelli Raffaele - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the safety, morbidity, and recurrence rate of total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) with lymphadenectomy and total robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) with lymphadenectomy for early cervical carcinoma in a series of 99 consecutive women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 99 consecutive ...
Chao Tze-Fan - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The CHADS(2) score is used for the risk stratification of strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE:: This study aimed to investigate the associations between the CHADS(2) score, atrial substrate and outcome of catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal AF. METHODS:: A total of 247 paroxysmal AF patients ...
Wu W - - 2011
To investigate the effects of Merogel coverage on ostial patency in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) for primary chronic dacryocystitis (PCD). In all, 260 patients with unilateral PCD were randomized into two groups: the Merogel group and the control group. All patients underwent EES-DCR. The Merogel group received Merogel covering the ...
Kim Young K - - 2011
This study investigated the use of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine to relieve postoperative pain behavior and biochemical stress response after laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy (LOVH) in dogs. Sixteen sexually intact female dogs were randomly assigned to two groups. The sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine (SIB) group received 4.4mg/kg of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine diluted to 0.25% ...
Hu Wei - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Wound excision is the standard treatment for firearm wounds. However, achieving a satisfactory curative effect is difficult because of the traumatic mechanism of high-velocity projectiles. We propose a new therapy by using topical bromelain as a supplement to wound incision for the debridement of firearm wounds. We clarified the ...
Caserta Donatella - - 2011
Aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of recombinant luteinizing hormone (rLH) supplementation in late follicular phase in multiple follicular stimulation with recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH) in Triptoreline down-regulated patients undergoing IVF, on preventing clinical OHSS and cycles cancellation for OHSS risk. Nine hundred ninety-nine patients aged ...
Chung Ho-Yeon - - 2011
Background  We performed a randomized, double-blind, prospective, 16-week clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of risedronate with and without cholecalciferol on 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and bone markers in Korean patients with osteoporosis. Methods  We randomly assigned 164 adults with osteoporosis to one of two treatment groups: RSD+ ...
Cruzado Josep M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of new therapeutic strategies for IgA nephropathy. Low-dose sirolimus inhibits mesangial cell proliferation and renal fibrosis in animal models. METHODS: We performed a pilot, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-dose sirolimus in patients with a high-risk IgA nephropathy. Twenty-three patients ...
Felice Maria S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to compare two different schedules of maintenance in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with a BFM-based therapy, in a randomized study: an Arm with 6-MP + MTX (with or without vincristine and dexamethasone pulses) versus a more intensive continuation phase. PROCEDURE: From January 1996 to November 2002, ...
Martin Matthew - - 2011
No study has compared 1.8 mL and 3.6 mL 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in a mandibular buccal infiltration of the first molar. The authors conducted a prospective, randomized, single-blind, crossover study comparing the degree of pulpal anesthesia obtained with 1.8 mL and 3.6 mL 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine ...
Tan Wuyuan - - 2011
Reduction malarplasty with L-shaped osteotomy has been widely applied to correct malar prominence because of its simple manipulation, satisfactory outcome, and few complications in east Asians. Secondary surgery for the removal of titanium miniplates or microplates and screws is often needed because of the drawbacks of implants. To overcome the ...
Mayorga I - - 2011
Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) is a very important tool for the genetic improvement and preservation of endangered livestock. However, the success of a MOET programme highly depends on the number of transferable embryos in response to a superovulation treatment. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare ...
Gerding Heinrich - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse functional results of flexible ranibizumab treatment in exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and to search for parameters with impact on outcome. METHODS: Analysis of a retrospective institutional case series (104 eyes) with a low-threshold re-treatment algorithm and monthly follow-up for 12 months. ...
Cicek Gokhan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effect of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) on the outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) can be diagnosed from a level of at least 6.5% on two separate occasions according to the American Diabetes Association ...
Le Rouic Jean-Francois - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To compare the cumulative risk of retinal detachment (RD) after macular surgery with 23-gauge sutureless vitrectomy and with 20-gauge vitrectomy. METHODS:: A single-center retrospective comparative study was conducted, comparing eyes operated for epiretinal membrane, macular hole, vitreomacular traction, and internal limiting membrane peeling. The 23-gauge group included 349 eyes ...
Wu Wencan - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To assess the combination of an endoscopic transethmoidal approach (ETEA) and a transconjunctival inferior fornix approach (TIFA) for repairing combined orbital floor and medial wall blowout fractures (COF-MWBOFs). METHODS:: Patients with unilateral COF-MWBOFs were randomized to 2 groups: ETEA combined with TIFA or medial canthal incision (MCI) combined with ...
Matsuzaki Sachiko - - 2011
BACKGROUND Our objective was to evaluate the impact of intraperitoneal pressure (IPP) and duration of a CO(2) pneumoperitoneum on the peritoneal fibrinolytic system during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS Human study: Patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were divided into two groups: low (8 mmHg, n= 32) or standard (12 mmHg, n= 36) IPP. ...
Martins Décio Rodrigues - - 2011
This study evaluated the influence of intrusion mechanics combined with anterior retraction on root resorption of the maxillary incisors. A sample of 56 patients was divided into two groups: group 1 comprised 28 patients (12 females and 16 males), presenting with an increased overjet and deep overbite (6.48 and 4.78 ...
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