Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2885
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Shaw Lisa C - - 2011
Botulinum toxin is increasingly used to treat upper limb spasticity due to stroke, but its impact on arm function is unclear. We evaluated botulinum toxin for upper limb spasticity and function poststroke. Three hundred thirty-three patients with stroke with upper limb spasticity and reduced arm function participated in a multicenter ...
Binbay Murat - - 2011
PURPOSE: In this multicenter study we compared the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with and without malrotated kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 patients (group 1) at 6 institutions who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy for kidneys with simple malrotation were enrolled in our study. Attending physicians in our ...
Cohen David J - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that among patients undergoing multivessel revascularization, coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG), as compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) either by means of balloon angioplasty or with the use of bare-metal stents, results in greater relief from angina and improved quality of life. The effect of PCI with ...
Oh Seung Yeop - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The procedure of total mesorectal excision (TME) is the gold standard in the treatment of rectal cancer. However, quality control of TME is still under debate. The present study was conducted to determine whether TME requires a learning curve to allow the surgeon to grasp the necessary technical expertise. ...
Turan Alparslan - - 2011
PURPOSE: Anesthetic management of tension-free vaginal-tape (TVT) procedures is sometimes difficult to deal with, especially when surgeons request a cough test. Dexmedetomidine has unique sedative and analgesic properties while having minimal respiratory effects, making it suitable for perioperative use in monitored anesthesia care. We aimed to compare dexmedetomidine and epidural ...
Song I-H - - 2011
To prospectively explore the short-term efficacy and safety of abatacept in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). In this prospective open-label pilot study, abatacept (10 mg/kg) was administered intravenously on days 1, 15, 29 and every 28 days thereafter up to week 24 in 15 tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα)-inhibitor naive ...
Ogata Toshiyasu - - 2011
Purpose: We tested the hypothesis that patients with carotid pseudo-occlusion (PO) have a different prognosis from those with carotid artery stenosis (CS) without PO. Materials and Methods: 500 patients were examined for CS by cerebral angiography; those with severe CS ≥70% (CS group) or with PO (PO group) were enrolled ...
Roux Christian H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare etanercept (anti-tumor necrosis factor-α) with intraarticular (IA) corticosteroid injections to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients with RA who had persistent monoarthritis received etanercept or IA corticosteroid injections. Efficacy was compared at Weeks 4 and 24. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients were included (8 dropped out). Mean age was ...
Sivolella Stefano - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare piezoelectric surgery and conventional rotatory osteotomy for mandibular third molar germ extraction to determine the 2 methods' suitability and the postoperative outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Mandibular third molar germectomy was performed bilaterally, randomly choosing 1 side for rotatory osteotomy (rotatory ...
Meknas K - - 2011
Ten patients, age 60 (48-75 years), with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and 10 patients, age 82.5 (60-90 years), with fracture of the collum femoris (FCF; minimum Garden stage III) underwent an open biopsy procedure from the internal obturator tendon in conjunction with a total hip replacement. The histological evaluation ...
Teixeira Sergio Henrique - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) of the silicone Ahmed glaucoma valve with and without an intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients with clinically uncontrolled neovascular glaucoma were included in the study; 22 were randomly assigned to the study group (silicone Ahmed glaucoma ...
Owen Andrew - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Chest compressions performed correctly have the potential to increase survival post cardiac arrest. The 2005 European Resuscitation Council (ERC) guidelines altered and simplified instructions for hand position placement to increase the number of chest compressions performed. This randomised controlled trial compares chest compression efficacy (hand position and number of ...
Ballester Marcos - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term (over 4 years) functional outcomes and quality of life of transobturator (TOR) and retropubic (RPR) routes in the cure of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Prospective, randomized multicentre study involving 88 women with SUI from March 2004 to May 2005 (RPR group (n = 42), TOR group (n = 46)). Long-term ...
Noh Jung Ho - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study is to assess the relationship between clinical outcomes and the extent of synovialization through second-look arthroscopy for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using Achilles allograft in active young men. METHODS: Ninety-five subjects were diagnosed with ACL rupture and underwent reconstruction with Achilles allograft. Median age was 22 years ...
Vila Juan J - - 2011
To discuss the feasibility of single session endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) to discuss and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) execution. Retrospective endoscopic and anesthetic outcome comparison of performing both EUS and ERCP in a single endoscopic session (Group I) versus performing each procedure in two different sessions (Group II) was made. The ...
Pan Manuel - - 2011
The present report compared the incidence of 1-year clinical events in patients with bifurcation lesions that had been treated with a simple approach who were randomized to either a simultaneous final kissing balloon (KB) or an isolated side-branch (SB) balloon post-dilation. From February 2007 to December 2008, 293 patients with ...
Cirioni Oscar - - 2011
Objectives An experimental study was performed to evaluate both in vitro and in vivo the efficacy of clarithromycin coating combined with systemic amikacin in preventing ureteral stent biofilm infection due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Methods The activities of the two antibiotics were studied in vitro in the absence or in the ...
Mamisch Tallal Charles - - 2011
Femoroacetabular impingement is a well-described pre-arthritic condition with two main types; cam and pincer. Studies using the open treatment for impingement have described patterns of articular cartilage wear specific to cam and pincer impingement. Assessing articular damage in the hip joint is an important component of treatment. Intravenous gadolidium allows ...
Garrett Simon J W - - 2011
It has been suggested that revision of the femoral component of hip resurfacing after femoral failure would be straightforward and have an outcome comparable to primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). We have compared the outcome of femoral side-only revision resurfacings to the results of primary modular large-bearing metal-on-metal THA. Fourteen ...
Lee Seung-Whan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether cilostazol reduces intimal hyperplasia in patients undergoing long zotarolimus-eluting stent implantation (stent length: ≥ 30 mm) for native long coronary lesions (length: ≥ 25 mm). Restenosis after drug-eluting stent implantation remains a significant clinical problem in long coronary lesions. Patients (n ...
Nien Chyong Jy CJ Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California, Irvine, California 92868-4380, - - 2011
To compare the effects of topical cyclosporine A 0.05% (Restasis) with those of prednisolone acetate 1.00% (Pred Forte) on corneal haze after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California, Irvine-Orange, California, USA. Experimental study. After -9.00 diopter PRK, 15 rabbits were divided into 3 groups and treated ...
Burgu Berk - - 2011
AIM: To compare histological and urodynamic outcome of the classical detrusorotomy with and without the aid of intravesical balloon distension. We also describe a new technique with multiple detrusor incisions instead of detrusorotomy. METHODS: A total of 24 animals were included in the study. Three different techniques of autoaugmentation cystoplasty ...
Marelli Laura - - 2011
Background and aims Ulcerative colitis (UC) associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is usually clinically mild. The aim of the study was to assess whether there is an association between severity of PSC and activity of UC, comparing the course of UC in patients with PSC not needing liver transplantation ...
Shelbourne K Donald - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The long-term radiographic and subjective results of patients with posterior lateral meniscus root tears left in situ at the time of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has not been reported. HYPOTHESIS: The authors hypothesized that patients who had posterior lateral meniscus root tears left in situ would have statistically significantly ...
Salzano Francesco Antonio - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: These preliminary data show a decrease in nasal tactile sensitivity and point out interesting aspects of the nasal chronic inflammatory condition in allergic rhinitis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of allergic rhinitis on nasal tactile sensitivity during the intercritical period. Methods: A ...
Saxena Amol - - 2011
Achilles tendinopathy is common and extracorporeal shockwaves have become a popular treatment for this condition, even though previous research has not provided conclusive results regarding its efficacy in cases of Achilles tendinopathy. Our aim was to evaluate 3 weekly shockwave treatments in patients with Achilles tendinopathy, as quantified by the ...
Su Michael Y - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the effect of decreasing topical cyclosporine 0.05% (tCSA) (Restasis; Allergan, Irvine, CA) from twice-daily dosing to once-daily dosing in patients who have already completed 12 months of twice-daily therapy for dry eye disease. DESIGN:: Prospective, randomized, single-masked, parallel group comparison. PARTICIPANTS:: One hundred patients who had already ...
Verleden Geert M - - 2011
Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) remains the major hurdle to improve long-term survival after lung transplantation, as its treatment remains troublesome. In this pilot study, we investigated the effect of montelukast (a leukotriene receptor antagonist) on the FEV(1) decline after diagnosis of BOS and compared this with a control group. In ...
Yan Hede - - 2011
In this study, the feasibility of Integra acellular collagen used as a vascular carrier in skin flap prefabrication was examined. In all, 20 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. The saphenous vascular bundle was used as the vascular carrier. In group 1 (n = 8), an arteriovenous fistula ...
Feng Chenchen - - 2011
Abstract We investigated the effectiveness of NTrap in prevention of stone retropulsion during ureteroscopic Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy of upper ureteral calculi. A total of 308 patients with upper ureteral stones treated by semirigid ureteroscopic Ho:YAG laser were stratified into two groups in which 152 patients without NTrap use were assigned ...
Holzner Philipp Anton PA Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, Freiburg 79106, Germany. - - 2011
To investigate the influence of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) on anastomotic integrity. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomized to six groups. The control group (n = 10) had an end-to-end ileal anastomosis without RIPC. The preconditioned groups (n = 34) varied in time of ischemia and time of reperfusion. One ...
Balci Osman - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new technique of suspending the vaginal vault at vaginal hysterectomy (VH) for total uterine prolapse. Material and Methods:  This prospective study included 65 patients (group 1) in whom VH was performed using the new technique and 110 ...
Hirunwiwatkul Prakobkiat - - 2011
The objective of this randomized, controlled study is to compare intraoperative blood loss, operative time, postoperative pain and postoperative adverse effects (bleeding, velopharyngeal insufficiency and others) between vessel sealing system uvulopalatoplasty (VSSU) and uvulopalatal flap (UPF). The study was conducted at the Department of Otolaryngology, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, ...
Kempton Laurence B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Multiple biomechanical studies have analyzed the potential influence of inferior glenosphere tilt on scapular notching in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). The purpose of this study was to clinically determine the likelihood of scapular notching in a series of shoulders, with the glenospheres placed in neutral versus inferior tilt. ...
Lobetti Remo - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine serum urea and creatinine concentrations, the derived urea : creatinine (UC) ratios, haemoglobin concentrations and glomerular filtration rates (GFR) in dogs with haemolytic anaemia and those with experimentally induced anaemia and/or haemoglobinaemia. There were 25 dogs with babesiosis (group 1), 13 control ...
Kawamura Norio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy is the first-line treatment for alveolar echinococcosis (AE) if complete resection is feasible. However, a strategy for the treatment of patients with AE in whom the tumor cannot be resected completely remains to be defined. STUDY DESIGN: Data were retrospectively collected from 188 consecutive patients between 1984 and ...
Delamarter Rick - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Disc replacement arthroplasty previously has been shown to be an effective alternative to spine fusion for the treatment of single-level lumbar degenerative disc disease. The purpose of the present study was to determine the twenty-four-month results of a clinical trial of the ProDisc-L total disc replacement as compared with ...
Marucci Laura - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare 5-field and 7-field intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) techniques in terms of xerostomia and related quality of life in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer. METHODS: Eight and 23 patients were treated with 5-field (group I) and 7-field (group II) techniques, respectively. The xerostomia ...
Erven Katrien - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term impact of locoregional breast radiotherapy (RT) on pulmonary function tests (PFTs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study included 75 women who underwent postoperative locoregional breast RT. PFTs were performed before RT and 3, 6, and 12 months and 8 to 10 years after RT. By use ...
Hua Xu Li - - 2011
Objective: Epinephrine sprayed on the papilla may reduce papillary edema and prevent acute pancreatitis after ERCP. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of localized irrigation with epinephrine saline for prevention of PEP. Patients and Methods: 941 patients who scheduled for ERCP were recruited into this study. ...
Hakalahti Antti - - 2011
Aims Current guidelines recommend discontinuation of oral anticoagulation treatment (OAT) and switch to heparin 2-5 days before catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, increasing evidence leans against the 'bridge therapy' and support continuation of OAT during the procedure. Methods and results We evaluated the safety of AF ablation among ...
Guzmán-Esquivel Jose - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Urethral stricture disease is an obstruction or thinning of the urethra that causes restriction of urinary flow from the bladder during micturition. The object of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the proteolytic enzyme metalloproteinase-1 as treatment in urethral stricture disease. METHODS: An experimental study was ...
Kaya Göksel Şimşek - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The aim of the present randomized prospective clinical trial was to compare the effects of alvogyl, the SaliCept patch, and low-level laser therapy in the management of alveolar osteitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: The study population included 104 patients who had been referred to our clinic with a complaint of ...
Luján S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess if the systematic use of double J ureteral catheters in ureteroneocystostomies of kidney transplants reduces the rate of complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-randomized prospective, comparative study of parallel groups in 194 kidney transplants. We established two equal groups, 111 patients with double J catheter and another of ...
Tinelli Raffaele - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the safety, morbidity, and recurrence rate of total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) with lymphadenectomy and total robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) with lymphadenectomy for early cervical carcinoma in a series of 99 consecutive women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 99 consecutive ...
Chao Tze-Fan - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The CHADS(2) score is used for the risk stratification of strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE:: This study aimed to investigate the associations between the CHADS(2) score, atrial substrate and outcome of catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal AF. METHODS:: A total of 247 paroxysmal AF patients ...
Wu W - - 2011
To investigate the effects of Merogel coverage on ostial patency in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) for primary chronic dacryocystitis (PCD). In all, 260 patients with unilateral PCD were randomized into two groups: the Merogel group and the control group. All patients underwent EES-DCR. The Merogel group received Merogel covering the ...
Kim Young K - - 2011
This study investigated the use of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine to relieve postoperative pain behavior and biochemical stress response after laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy (LOVH) in dogs. Sixteen sexually intact female dogs were randomly assigned to two groups. The sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine (SIB) group received 4.4mg/kg of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine diluted to 0.25% ...
Hu Wei - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Wound excision is the standard treatment for firearm wounds. However, achieving a satisfactory curative effect is difficult because of the traumatic mechanism of high-velocity projectiles. We propose a new therapy by using topical bromelain as a supplement to wound incision for the debridement of firearm wounds. We clarified the ...
Caserta Donatella - - 2011
Aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of recombinant luteinizing hormone (rLH) supplementation in late follicular phase in multiple follicular stimulation with recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH) in Triptoreline down-regulated patients undergoing IVF, on preventing clinical OHSS and cycles cancellation for OHSS risk. Nine hundred ninety-nine patients aged ...
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