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Results 501 - 550 of 2859
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Verleden Geert M - - 2011
Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) remains the major hurdle to improve long-term survival after lung transplantation, as its treatment remains troublesome. In this pilot study, we investigated the effect of montelukast (a leukotriene receptor antagonist) on the FEV(1) decline after diagnosis of BOS and compared this with a control group. In ...
Yan Hede - - 2011
In this study, the feasibility of Integra acellular collagen used as a vascular carrier in skin flap prefabrication was examined. In all, 20 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. The saphenous vascular bundle was used as the vascular carrier. In group 1 (n = 8), an arteriovenous fistula ...
Feng Chenchen - - 2011
Abstract We investigated the effectiveness of NTrap in prevention of stone retropulsion during ureteroscopic Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy of upper ureteral calculi. A total of 308 patients with upper ureteral stones treated by semirigid ureteroscopic Ho:YAG laser were stratified into two groups in which 152 patients without NTrap use were assigned ...
Holzner Philipp Anton - - 2011
To investigate the influence of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) on anastomotic integrity. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomized to six groups. The control group (n = 10) had an end-to-end ileal anastomosis without RIPC. The preconditioned groups (n = 34) varied in time of ischemia and time of reperfusion. One ...
Balci Osman - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new technique of suspending the vaginal vault at vaginal hysterectomy (VH) for total uterine prolapse. Material and Methods:  This prospective study included 65 patients (group 1) in whom VH was performed using the new technique and 110 ...
Hirunwiwatkul Prakobkiat - - 2011
The objective of this randomized, controlled study is to compare intraoperative blood loss, operative time, postoperative pain and postoperative adverse effects (bleeding, velopharyngeal insufficiency and others) between vessel sealing system uvulopalatoplasty (VSSU) and uvulopalatal flap (UPF). The study was conducted at the Department of Otolaryngology, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, ...
Kempton Laurence B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Multiple biomechanical studies have analyzed the potential influence of inferior glenosphere tilt on scapular notching in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). The purpose of this study was to clinically determine the likelihood of scapular notching in a series of shoulders, with the glenospheres placed in neutral versus inferior tilt. ...
Lobetti Remo - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine serum urea and creatinine concentrations, the derived urea : creatinine (UC) ratios, haemoglobin concentrations and glomerular filtration rates (GFR) in dogs with haemolytic anaemia and those with experimentally induced anaemia and/or haemoglobinaemia. There were 25 dogs with babesiosis (group 1), 13 control ...
Kawamura Norio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy is the first-line treatment for alveolar echinococcosis (AE) if complete resection is feasible. However, a strategy for the treatment of patients with AE in whom the tumor cannot be resected completely remains to be defined. STUDY DESIGN: Data were retrospectively collected from 188 consecutive patients between 1984 and ...
Delamarter Rick - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Disc replacement arthroplasty previously has been shown to be an effective alternative to spine fusion for the treatment of single-level lumbar degenerative disc disease. The purpose of the present study was to determine the twenty-four-month results of a clinical trial of the ProDisc-L total disc replacement as compared with ...
Marucci Laura - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare 5-field and 7-field intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) techniques in terms of xerostomia and related quality of life in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer. METHODS: Eight and 23 patients were treated with 5-field (group I) and 7-field (group II) techniques, respectively. The xerostomia ...
Erven Katrien - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term impact of locoregional breast radiotherapy (RT) on pulmonary function tests (PFTs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study included 75 women who underwent postoperative locoregional breast RT. PFTs were performed before RT and 3, 6, and 12 months and 8 to 10 years after RT. By use ...
Hua Xu Li - - 2011
Objective: Epinephrine sprayed on the papilla may reduce papillary edema and prevent acute pancreatitis after ERCP. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of localized irrigation with epinephrine saline for prevention of PEP. Patients and Methods: 941 patients who scheduled for ERCP were recruited into this study. ...
Hakalahti Antti - - 2011
Aims Current guidelines recommend discontinuation of oral anticoagulation treatment (OAT) and switch to heparin 2-5 days before catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, increasing evidence leans against the 'bridge therapy' and support continuation of OAT during the procedure. Methods and results We evaluated the safety of AF ablation among ...
Guzmán-Esquivel Jose - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Urethral stricture disease is an obstruction or thinning of the urethra that causes restriction of urinary flow from the bladder during micturition. The object of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the proteolytic enzyme metalloproteinase-1 as treatment in urethral stricture disease. METHODS: An experimental study was ...
Kaya Göksel Şimşek - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The aim of the present randomized prospective clinical trial was to compare the effects of alvogyl, the SaliCept patch, and low-level laser therapy in the management of alveolar osteitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: The study population included 104 patients who had been referred to our clinic with a complaint of ...
Luján S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess if the systematic use of double J ureteral catheters in ureteroneocystostomies of kidney transplants reduces the rate of complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-randomized prospective, comparative study of parallel groups in 194 kidney transplants. We established two equal groups, 111 patients with double J catheter and another of ...
Tinelli Raffaele - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the safety, morbidity, and recurrence rate of total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) with lymphadenectomy and total robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) with lymphadenectomy for early cervical carcinoma in a series of 99 consecutive women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 99 consecutive ...
Chao Tze-Fan - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The CHADS(2) score is used for the risk stratification of strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE:: This study aimed to investigate the associations between the CHADS(2) score, atrial substrate and outcome of catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal AF. METHODS:: A total of 247 paroxysmal AF patients ...
Wu W - - 2011
To investigate the effects of Merogel coverage on ostial patency in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) for primary chronic dacryocystitis (PCD). In all, 260 patients with unilateral PCD were randomized into two groups: the Merogel group and the control group. All patients underwent EES-DCR. The Merogel group received Merogel covering the ...
Kim Young K - - 2011
This study investigated the use of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine to relieve postoperative pain behavior and biochemical stress response after laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy (LOVH) in dogs. Sixteen sexually intact female dogs were randomly assigned to two groups. The sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine (SIB) group received 4.4mg/kg of sprayed intraperitoneal bupivacaine diluted to 0.25% ...
Hu Wei - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Wound excision is the standard treatment for firearm wounds. However, achieving a satisfactory curative effect is difficult because of the traumatic mechanism of high-velocity projectiles. We propose a new therapy by using topical bromelain as a supplement to wound incision for the debridement of firearm wounds. We clarified the ...
Caserta Donatella - - 2011
Aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of recombinant luteinizing hormone (rLH) supplementation in late follicular phase in multiple follicular stimulation with recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH) in Triptoreline down-regulated patients undergoing IVF, on preventing clinical OHSS and cycles cancellation for OHSS risk. Nine hundred ninety-nine patients aged ...
Chung Ho-Yeon - - 2011
Background  We performed a randomized, double-blind, prospective, 16-week clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of risedronate with and without cholecalciferol on 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and bone markers in Korean patients with osteoporosis. Methods  We randomly assigned 164 adults with osteoporosis to one of two treatment groups: RSD+ ...
Cruzado Josep M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of new therapeutic strategies for IgA nephropathy. Low-dose sirolimus inhibits mesangial cell proliferation and renal fibrosis in animal models. METHODS: We performed a pilot, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-dose sirolimus in patients with a high-risk IgA nephropathy. Twenty-three patients ...
Felice Maria S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to compare two different schedules of maintenance in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with a BFM-based therapy, in a randomized study: an Arm with 6-MP + MTX (with or without vincristine and dexamethasone pulses) versus a more intensive continuation phase. PROCEDURE: From January 1996 to November 2002, ...
Martin Matthew - - 2011
No study has compared 1.8 mL and 3.6 mL 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in a mandibular buccal infiltration of the first molar. The authors conducted a prospective, randomized, single-blind, crossover study comparing the degree of pulpal anesthesia obtained with 1.8 mL and 3.6 mL 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine ...
Tan Wuyuan - - 2011
Reduction malarplasty with L-shaped osteotomy has been widely applied to correct malar prominence because of its simple manipulation, satisfactory outcome, and few complications in east Asians. Secondary surgery for the removal of titanium miniplates or microplates and screws is often needed because of the drawbacks of implants. To overcome the ...
Mayorga I - - 2011
Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) is a very important tool for the genetic improvement and preservation of endangered livestock. However, the success of a MOET programme highly depends on the number of transferable embryos in response to a superovulation treatment. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare ...
Gerding Heinrich - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse functional results of flexible ranibizumab treatment in exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and to search for parameters with impact on outcome. METHODS: Analysis of a retrospective institutional case series (104 eyes) with a low-threshold re-treatment algorithm and monthly follow-up for 12 months. ...
Cicek Gokhan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effect of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) on the outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) can be diagnosed from a level of at least 6.5% on two separate occasions according to the American Diabetes Association ...
Le Rouic Jean-Francois - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To compare the cumulative risk of retinal detachment (RD) after macular surgery with 23-gauge sutureless vitrectomy and with 20-gauge vitrectomy. METHODS:: A single-center retrospective comparative study was conducted, comparing eyes operated for epiretinal membrane, macular hole, vitreomacular traction, and internal limiting membrane peeling. The 23-gauge group included 349 eyes ...
Wu Wencan - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To assess the combination of an endoscopic transethmoidal approach (ETEA) and a transconjunctival inferior fornix approach (TIFA) for repairing combined orbital floor and medial wall blowout fractures (COF-MWBOFs). METHODS:: Patients with unilateral COF-MWBOFs were randomized to 2 groups: ETEA combined with TIFA or medial canthal incision (MCI) combined with ...
Matsuzaki Sachiko - - 2011
BACKGROUND Our objective was to evaluate the impact of intraperitoneal pressure (IPP) and duration of a CO(2) pneumoperitoneum on the peritoneal fibrinolytic system during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS Human study: Patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were divided into two groups: low (8 mmHg, n= 32) or standard (12 mmHg, n= 36) IPP. ...
Martins Décio Rodrigues - - 2011
This study evaluated the influence of intrusion mechanics combined with anterior retraction on root resorption of the maxillary incisors. A sample of 56 patients was divided into two groups: group 1 comprised 28 patients (12 females and 16 males), presenting with an increased overjet and deep overbite (6.48 and 4.78 ...
Nishino Yudai - - 2011
In this research, we examined the effect on wound healing applying basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) that is approved for clinical use to enhance wound healing and human deciduous teeth dental pulp cells (hDPCs) in clinics, but that have been attracting attention as a novel stem cell source in recent ...
Pasupathy Sanjay - - 2011
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate the role of prophylactic antibiotics, if any, in the removal of mandibular impacted third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: A total of 89 patients were randomly allocated in 3 groups (group 1, placebo; group 2, amoxicillin 1 g orally 1 h before surgery; and group 3, ...
Batchelor Tim P - - 2011
When social animals engage in inter-group contests, the outcome is determined by group sizes and individual masses, which together determine group resource-holding potential ('group RHP'). Individuals that perceive themselves as being in a group with high RHP may receive a motivational increase and increase their aggression levels. Alternatively, individuals in ...
Linn Michael S - - 2011
Osteochondral allografts are an increasingly popular treatment for the repair of articular cartilage lesions. Current tissue bank protocols require bacteriological testing that takes from 21 to 28 days to process. During this time, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α, a proapoptotic cytokine) is upregulated, resulting in loss of chondrocyte viability. To date, ...
Prasannaraj Thomas - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of intraoperative topical application of mitomycin C (MMC) on the results of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. DESIGN: This is a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind study. SETTINGS: Hospitalized treatment was done in a tertiary medical college hospital and research center that deals ...
Takayama Tetsuji - - 2011
PURPOSE: Based on results of our preliminary trial suggesting that aberrant crypt foci (ACF) could be eradicated by short-term administration of sulindac, in the present study, we explored the feasibility of using ACF as surrogate markers for chemoprevention of colorectal cancer.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Randomly assigned to sulindac (300 mg daily), etodolac ...
D'souza Nita - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare intravenous dexamethasone and ondansetron for the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), a main complaint that affects almost 40%-75% of patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS: In a prospective study, 93 women were divided into 3 groups receiving 4mg of dexamethasone, 8mg of dexamethasone, or 4mg ...
Kawoosa Nadeem Ulnazeer - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a lot of controversy about the best surgical treatment for esophageal carcinoma. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 382 patients with carcinoma of the mid-to-distal esophagus underwent transthoracic or transhiatal esophagectomy. Early morbidity and mortality were compared. Principal endpoints were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: ...
Aslanides Ioannis M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive and visual outcomes using the Schwind Amaris excimer laser in patients with high astigmatism (>1D) with and without the static cyclotorsion compensation (SCC) algorithm available with this new laser platform. METHODS: 70 consecutive eyes with ≥1D astigmatism were randomized to treatment with compensation of static ...
de Bortoli N - - 2011
Barrett's oesophagus is regarded as the most important risk factor for development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. According to current guidelines, treatment should be limited to symptomatic Barrett's oesophagus. To evaluate the expression of Ki67, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and apoptosis in Barrett's oesophagus after 12 months of double-dose proton pump inhibitor therapy. The ...
Mokbel Abir M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study was intended to verify the likelihood of homing of intra-articularily injected mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its involvement in the healing process of experimentally induced, acute and chronic, partial chondral defects in dogs. METHODS: Partial thickness chondral defects were created on the lateral femoral condyle of stifle ...
Yu Kun - - 2011
Refinements in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) equipment, including heparin-coated surfaces, centrifugal pump, membrane oxygenator, and more biocompatible pump-oxygenator circuits, have reduced procedure-related complications and have made ECMO a safe and effective therapy for critical patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of two different ECMO circuit ...
Li Chuan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy is one of the primary methods used in the treatment of hepatic lesions and liver graft harvesting. However, few studies have evaluated the postoperative recovery process of donor patients and that of normal liver hepatic patients following a right hepatectomy procedure. METHODS: For this current study, the clinical ...
Fischer Marlene - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Little is known about endothelial activation under the influence of endovascular temperature management. This analysis was designed to measure the endothelial markers Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and -2 (Ang-2) in endovascularly based prophylactic normothermia versus conventional temperature management. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial patients with spontaneous subarachnoid or spontaneous intracerebral ...
Cepni Kimia - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of oral misoprostol administered to facilitate tandem application to the cervix as a part of brachytherapy in patients with cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eighty patients with cervical cancer who had been planned to undergo brachytherapy at Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital ...
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