Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2868
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Zhongmin Wang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the clinical effectiveness of intraluminal radioactive stent loaded with iodine-125 seeds implantation versus covered stent alone insertion in patients with malignant esophageal stricture. METHODS: We studied two groups of patients with malignant esophageal stricture. Group A comprised 28 patients (19 men and 9 ...
Martin Jean-Michel - - 2011
To determine if a type of unicoloniality exists in the fire ant Solenopsis saevissima in its native range, we conducted intraspecific aggressiveness tests in French Guiana between workers originating from 15 human-disturbed sites. We identified two "colonial groups" spread over 54km and 12.5km, respectively. Workers from the same group never ...
Hara Noboru - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To assess long-term oncologic outcomes in patients with renal pelvic cancer who are receiving nephrectomy plus endoscopy-assisted intussusception ureterectomy. There has been no large study reporting long-term oncologic outcomes of this approach in comparison with those of conventional nephroureterectomy plus bladder cuff removal. Patients and Methods: We reviewed ...
Eriksson Katarina - - 2011
Eriksson K, Larsson P-G, Nilsson M, Forsum U. Vaginal retention of locally administered clindamycin. APMIS 2011; 119: 373-6. Since bacterial vaginosis (BV) is characterized by a lack of, or very few, lactobacilli and high numbers of small, mostly anaerobic bacteria, an obvious treatment modality would be eradication of the BV-associated ...
Yu S C H - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MCA is a common location of intracranial stenosis. It is relatively more peripherally located and of a smaller caliber, and could therefore be a site technically more challenging and risky for angioplasty and stenting. The study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcome, restenosis rate, and procedural safety ...
Lustig S - - 2011
No report has specifically addressed the question of the influence of gender on outcome following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). To clarify this issue, we studied two groups of 40 patients of each gender, matched by pre-operative clinical and radiological presentation, and with post-operative follow up of at least 2years. The ...
Lin L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> Animal studies have shown that regional anaesthesia and analgesia may prevent or attenuate the surgical stress response by preserving immune function and result in better long-term outcome. We have tested the hypothesis that patients with ovarian serous adenocarcinoma who had surgery with epidural anaesthesia and analgesia would have ...
Lyras Dimitris N - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not a single application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in a ruptured tendon alters the expression of IGF-I in the early phase of healing in an animal wound model. We performed an Achilles tendon rupture model on 48 New Zealand white ...
Bisseling Pepijn - - 2011
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (RHA) is done in patients who often have a high preference for the method. This preference can influence the clinical outcome and satisfaction. We evaluated the potential influence of this preference bias. From an ongoing randomized trial comparing RHA with total hip arthroplasty, 28 consecutive patients (28 ...
Kitamura Soichiro - - 2011
We reviewed our clinical experiences with cardiovascular homografts harvested and preserved at our institutional tissue banks. Since our bank was first established in Japan in 1990, 74 patients have undergone various surgical procedures using homografts. We classified them into five groups according to the procedure: Group I, subcoronary implantation of ...
Goel Anupama - - 2011
AIM: To compare the efficacy of different intervals of misoprostol administration (simultaneously vis-à-vis 24 h), after mifepristone, in women undergoing medical termination of pregnancy up to gestation of 49 days. METHODS: Eighty eligible women with single intrauterine pregnancy of ≤7 weeks of gestation requesting abortion were randomized to receive either 200 mg of mifepristone ...
Miyahara Shunsuke - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Patients with Stanford type B dissection treated medically during the acute phase have a risk of surgery and aortic rupture during the chronic phase. We investigated the predictors for late aortic events by focusing on the false lumen status with computed tomography. METHODS: A total of 160 patients were ...
Doyle Alex - - 2011
PURPOSE: Inadequate airway humidification can result in endotracheal tube occlusion. There is evidence that heat and moisture exchangers (HMEs) are more prone to endotracheal tube occlusion than heated humidifiers (HHs) that contain a heated wire circuit. We aimed to compare the incidence of endotracheal tube occlusion while introducing a new ...
Birnbaum Florian - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Postoperative astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty is a major problem in corneal transplantation. The purpose of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an intrastromal corneal ring after penetrating keratoplasty. METHODS:: Twenty patients were included, 10 of whom received an intracorneal ring (group 1) and ...
Metaxari Maria - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this double-blind randomized study was to compare the antiemetic efficacy of three 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 antagonists in terms of the incidence and intensity of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in a homogenous group of female patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 203 American ...
Lee Han Jun - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological results of navigation-assisted TKAs performed using the measured gap resection or the gap balancing technique in thirty patients who underwent bilateral primary TKAs. METHODS: Sixty cases of navigation-assisted TKAs [30 TKAs performed using the measured gap resection technique (Group A) ...
Dempsey Amanda L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to compare range of motion, subjective outcomes, and the prevalence of reoperation in groups of frozen shoulder patients with either low or moderate/high irritability treated with the same total end range time-maximizing protocol. DESIGN:: A total of 36 patients were treated ...
Ovcina Ismar - - 2011
In this prospective clinical study, we have compared 17 patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) who received mechanical valve substitutes and had concomitant additional right ventricular (RV) volume reduction plasty (aRVVRP, group 1) with seven patients who underwent solitary re-do pulmonary valve replacements (PVR, group 2). All patients were evaluated ...
Chen Xinliang - - 2011
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare, in terms of efficacy and safety, the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and our modified transobturator vaginal tape inside-out (TVT-O) procedure with self-tailored monofilament macroporous polypropylene mesh for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: A total of 150 women with SUI were assigned to modified TVT-O (n = 95) and ...
Lipkin Michael E - - 2011
Fluoroscopy with retrograde pyelogram is commonly used to obtain access for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Our practice uses room air for retrograde identification of calyceal anatomy. Herein we explore whether an air pyelogram was associated with a decrease in radiation exposure compared with standard retrograde pyelogram. We retrospectively reviewed all PNL ...
Macatula T C - - 2012
To investigate whether radiofrequency (RF) ablation with low power (LP) or maximal power (MP) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can achieve optimal ablation and fewer adverse effects. RF ablation was performed with MP in 101 patients (129 tumours) and with LP in 46 patients (61 tumours). MP RF ablation used power ...
Motohiro Masayuki - - 2011
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates. Although a previous study reported that pretreatment with sodium bicarbonate is more effective than sodium chloride for prophylaxis of CIN, this has not been a universal finding. We performed a prospective randomized trial to investigate whether CIN can be ...
Bein Thomas - - 2011
Pump-driven extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or pumpless arterio-venous interventional lung assist (iLA) is associated with possible complications, mainly consisting of bleeding or thrombosis/clotting by cellular deposits on the membrane or extracorporeal circuit surfaces, which may reduce gas-exchange capacity. In this study, we report our experiences with the addition of low-dose ...
Ba-bai-ke-re Ma-Mu-Ti-Jiang A MM Department of Anorectal Surgical, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. - - 2011
To demonstrate the value of Diosmin (flavonidic fraction) in the management of post-haemorhoidectomic symptoms. Eighty-six consecutive patients with grades III and IV acute mixed hemorrhoids admitted to the Anorectal Surgical Department of First Affiliated Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University from April 2009 to April 2010, were enrolled in this study. An ...
Soria Federico - - 2011
PURPOSE: We assessed the therapeutic value of a new treatment option for ureteral strictures that may avoid urothelial hyperplasia, which is the main cause of metallic stent failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 24 pigs in this study. An experimental model of ureteral stricture was induced in all animals. Obstruction ...
Scaglione Marco - - 2011
Aims Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation still requires long procedural time and high radiation exposure with its related risk for the patient and the operators. This study was designed to compare three different approaches of AF ablation to verify the hypothesis that image integration with electroanatomic mapping allows minimal use of ...
Loubert C - - 2011
We investigated the effect of epidural volume extension on spinal blockade in pregnant women undergoing elective caesarean section with a combined spinal-epidural technique. We randomly allocated 90 healthy subjects to three groups to receive spinal hyperbaric bupivacaine 7.5 mg (group B7.5), spinal hyperbaric bupivacaine 7.5 mg immediately followed by epidural ...
Kim Han Koo - - 2011
Free flap reconstruction of complex defects has revolutionized cancer and trauma treatment and offers a reliable and efficient method for reconstructing tissue defects. We analyzed the donor, flap, and systemic complications in an aging group and in a group of younger patients to identify whether age is an important factor ...
Lowe David - - 2011
Objective. To investigate the incidence of postoperative hemorrhage and its risk factors after adenotonsillectomy. Study Design. A prospective cohort study as part of the National Prospective Tonsillectomy Audit. Setting. National Health Service and private hospitals in England and Northern Ireland. Subjects and Methods. National Prospective Tonsillectomy Audit methodology was followed ...
Morsy Mohamed - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The fastest growing population group in the UK is the elderly, particularly those aged ≥80 years. The primary aim of this study was to assess if age was a determining factor for successful first dialysis through a pre-emptive angioaccess. The secondary aim was to investigate what risk factors are ...
Tonin Alexandre A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the utilization of a standard treatment with diminazene aceturate against the infection caused by Trypanosoma evansi, associated to sodium selenite and vitamin E. In vitro tests showed trypanocidal effect related to the treatment with diminazene aceturate and sodium selenite, but vitamin E ...
Ersoz Feyzullah - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) technique is considered the optimal surgical treatment for chronic anal fissures (CAFs), although questions remain regarding the best technique. The present study investigated whether the type of anoderm incision (vertical or parallel to the anus) affects wound healing, wound-related complications, incontinence, and recurrence rates ...
Shaw Lisa C - - 2011
Botulinum toxin is increasingly used to treat upper limb spasticity due to stroke, but its impact on arm function is unclear. We evaluated botulinum toxin for upper limb spasticity and function poststroke. Three hundred thirty-three patients with stroke with upper limb spasticity and reduced arm function participated in a multicenter ...
Binbay Murat - - 2011
PURPOSE: In this multicenter study we compared the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with and without malrotated kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 patients (group 1) at 6 institutions who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy for kidneys with simple malrotation were enrolled in our study. Attending physicians in our ...
Cohen David J - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that among patients undergoing multivessel revascularization, coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG), as compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) either by means of balloon angioplasty or with the use of bare-metal stents, results in greater relief from angina and improved quality of life. The effect of PCI with ...
Oh Seung Yeop - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The procedure of total mesorectal excision (TME) is the gold standard in the treatment of rectal cancer. However, quality control of TME is still under debate. The present study was conducted to determine whether TME requires a learning curve to allow the surgeon to grasp the necessary technical expertise. ...
Turan Alparslan - - 2011
PURPOSE: Anesthetic management of tension-free vaginal-tape (TVT) procedures is sometimes difficult to deal with, especially when surgeons request a cough test. Dexmedetomidine has unique sedative and analgesic properties while having minimal respiratory effects, making it suitable for perioperative use in monitored anesthesia care. We aimed to compare dexmedetomidine and epidural ...
Song I-H - - 2011
To prospectively explore the short-term efficacy and safety of abatacept in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). In this prospective open-label pilot study, abatacept (10 mg/kg) was administered intravenously on days 1, 15, 29 and every 28 days thereafter up to week 24 in 15 tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα)-inhibitor naive ...
Ogata Toshiyasu - - 2011
Purpose: We tested the hypothesis that patients with carotid pseudo-occlusion (PO) have a different prognosis from those with carotid artery stenosis (CS) without PO. Materials and Methods: 500 patients were examined for CS by cerebral angiography; those with severe CS ≥70% (CS group) or with PO (PO group) were enrolled ...
Roux Christian H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare etanercept (anti-tumor necrosis factor-α) with intraarticular (IA) corticosteroid injections to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients with RA who had persistent monoarthritis received etanercept or IA corticosteroid injections. Efficacy was compared at Weeks 4 and 24. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients were included (8 dropped out). Mean age was ...
Sivolella Stefano - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare piezoelectric surgery and conventional rotatory osteotomy for mandibular third molar germ extraction to determine the 2 methods' suitability and the postoperative outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Mandibular third molar germectomy was performed bilaterally, randomly choosing 1 side for rotatory osteotomy (rotatory ...
Meknas K - - 2011
Ten patients, age 60 (48-75 years), with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and 10 patients, age 82.5 (60-90 years), with fracture of the collum femoris (FCF; minimum Garden stage III) underwent an open biopsy procedure from the internal obturator tendon in conjunction with a total hip replacement. The histological evaluation ...
Teixeira Sergio Henrique - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) of the silicone Ahmed glaucoma valve with and without an intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients with clinically uncontrolled neovascular glaucoma were included in the study; 22 were randomly assigned to the study group (silicone Ahmed glaucoma ...
Owen Andrew - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Chest compressions performed correctly have the potential to increase survival post cardiac arrest. The 2005 European Resuscitation Council (ERC) guidelines altered and simplified instructions for hand position placement to increase the number of chest compressions performed. This randomised controlled trial compares chest compression efficacy (hand position and number of ...
Ballester Marcos - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term (over 4 years) functional outcomes and quality of life of transobturator (TOR) and retropubic (RPR) routes in the cure of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Prospective, randomized multicentre study involving 88 women with SUI from March 2004 to May 2005 (RPR group (n = 42), TOR group (n = 46)). Long-term ...
Noh Jung Ho - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study is to assess the relationship between clinical outcomes and the extent of synovialization through second-look arthroscopy for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using Achilles allograft in active young men. METHODS: Ninety-five subjects were diagnosed with ACL rupture and underwent reconstruction with Achilles allograft. Median age was 22 years ...
Vila Juan J - - 2011
To discuss the feasibility of single session endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) to discuss and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) execution. Retrospective endoscopic and anesthetic outcome comparison of performing both EUS and ERCP in a single endoscopic session (Group I) versus performing each procedure in two different sessions (Group II) was made. The ...
Pan Manuel - - 2011
The present report compared the incidence of 1-year clinical events in patients with bifurcation lesions that had been treated with a simple approach who were randomized to either a simultaneous final kissing balloon (KB) or an isolated side-branch (SB) balloon post-dilation. From February 2007 to December 2008, 293 patients with ...
Cirioni Oscar - - 2011
Objectives An experimental study was performed to evaluate both in vitro and in vivo the efficacy of clarithromycin coating combined with systemic amikacin in preventing ureteral stent biofilm infection due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Methods The activities of the two antibiotics were studied in vitro in the absence or in the ...
Mamisch Tallal Charles - - 2011
Femoroacetabular impingement is a well-described pre-arthritic condition with two main types; cam and pincer. Studies using the open treatment for impingement have described patterns of articular cartilage wear specific to cam and pincer impingement. Assessing articular damage in the hip joint is an important component of treatment. Intravenous gadolidium allows ...
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