Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2885
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Akin O - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A number of technical precautions and many synthetic or biological materials have been suggested to reduce the frequency of prolonged air leak (PAL) following lung resection. Preserving the three-dimensional properties of the remaining lung parenchyma may prevent this complication to some extent. This study presents our experience with an ...
Mardani Jalal - - 2011
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND:: We lack long-term data (>10 years) on the efficacy of antireflux surgery when evaluated within the framework of randomized clinical trials Hereby we report the outcome of a randomized trial comparing open total (I) and a Toupet posterior partial fundoplication (II) performed between 1983 and 1991. METHODS:: ...
Mesnil Malcie - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and adverse events related to inhaled sevoflurane for long-term sedation compared with standard intravenous (IV) sedation with propofol or midazolam. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. Sixty intensive care unit (ICU) patients expected to require more than 24 h sedation were randomly assigned to one of three groups: group S, ...
Thourani Vinod H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exist on patients with cardiac cachexia or morbid obesity presenting for valvular heart surgery. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index and morbidity and mortality after valvular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of 4247 patients undergoing valvular surgery from 1996 ...
Ozcelik Onur - - 2011
Ozcelik O, Haytac MC, Seydaoglu G. Treatment of multiple gingival recessions using a coronally advanced flap procedure combined with button application. J Clin Periodontol 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01724.x. ABSTRACT: Aim: The purpose of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new treatment approach, which consists of ...
Yazar Mehmet Akif - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We investigated the postoperative analgesic efficacy and effect on total tramadol consumption of intravenous dexketoprofen trometamol, a new nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, in patients that had undergone lumbar disc surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients were included in this placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study. General anesthesia was applied to both groups. Group D ...
Poincloux Laurent - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endoscopist-administered propofol sedation for colonoscopy has not been compared to anaesthetist-administered deep sedation in clinical trials. Our aim was to compare patients' satisfaction and safety during these two sedation modalities. METHODS: 90 adult patients undergoing colonoscopy were randomized into Group A, Endoscopist-administered propofol sedation and Group B, anaesthetist-administered deep ...
Shiotani Akiko - - 2011
Background and Aim: The clinical utility of capsule endoscopy (CE) is often limited by incomplete small-bowel transit. The aim was to determine whether the use of an external real-time viewer could reduce delays caused by delayed gastric emptying of the capsule or delayed intestinal transit and also improve the rate ...
Vajaria Rohini - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: To test the hypotheses that the Damon system will maintain intercanine, interpremolar, and intermolar widths. To test subsequent hypotheses that the Damon system will not produce a significant difference in maxillary and mandibular incisor position/angulation when compared with control groups treated with conventional fixed orthodontic appliances for similar ...
Tuncel Umut U Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Gaziosmanpasa University, Faculty of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey. - - 2011
The aim of the study was to demonstrate whether the human amniotic membrane (HAM) as an interpositional material could prevent temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reankylosis in the randomized rabbit model. In our experimental study, 24 New Zealand white rabbits were used and all right joints were operated. The rabbits were divided ...
Kappert U - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In this study, facilitated anastomosis using an anastomotic device was compared to conventional hand-sewn (HS) vascular anastomosis in an animal model. METHODS: A pig carotid bypass model was employed. C-Port xV® (xV) and HS anastomoses were compared by evaluating intraoperative performance, midterm graft patency, and histology. RESULTS: All animals ...
Sun Kang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Most studies of allograft versus autograft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction have been of bone-patellar tendon-bone; outcome reports evaluating anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft versus allograft are rare. PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to compare the clinical outcome of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring ...
Tu Chu-Chin - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: Users of Traditional Chinese Medicine (CM) and biomedicine (BM) are commonly assumed to belong to two different groups in most of the related literature. The purpose of this article is to compare the characteristics of those who use both CM and BM for the same illness (CBMS) with ...
Heinz Carsten - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine long-term changes of laser flare (LF) after trabeculectomy (TE) and transscleral diode cyclophotocoagulation (TDCPC) in patients with uveitic secondary glaucoma. Retrospective, single-center analysis. Overall, 40 TE (mean follow-up 21.1 months) and 68 TDCPC (mean follow-up 21.8 months, P = 0.38) procedures were performed. The intraocular pressure ...
el-Assmy Ahmed - - 2011
To assess the effect of timing of presentation of cases with penile fracture on the outcome of surgical intervention. Between January 1986 and May 2010, 180 patients with penile fracture were treated surgically in our center. To assess the effect of timing of presentation, patients were classified into 2 groups: ...
Weibl Peter - - 2011
Abstract Objective. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the management and interpersonal variability of Bosniak classification and demonstrate the present diagnostic dilemmas. Material and methods. One-hundred and four patients with 113 complex renal cystic masses (26 Bosniak II,15 IIF,28 III and 44 IV) were included and analysed between ...
Rana Obaida R - - 2011
Biochemical markers, e.g. NSE or S100B, and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) are considered promising candidates for neurological prognostic predictors in patients after cardiac arrest (CA). The Utstein Templates recommend the use of the Glasgow-Pittsburgh Cerebral Performance Categories (GP-CPC) to divide patients according to their neurological outcome. However, several studies investigating ...
Edan G - - 2011
Objectives The long-term impact of interferon-beta-1b (IFN) might be improved by short-term immunosuppression with mitoxantrone (MITOX) in aggressive relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (ARMS) patients. Methods In this 3-year clinical and MRI study, 109 ARMS patients (two or more relapses in the previous 12&emsp14;months and one or more gadolinium (Gd)-enhancing MRI lesion) ...
Zhongmin Wang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the clinical effectiveness of intraluminal radioactive stent loaded with iodine-125 seeds implantation versus covered stent alone insertion in patients with malignant esophageal stricture. METHODS: We studied two groups of patients with malignant esophageal stricture. Group A comprised 28 patients (19 men and 9 ...
Martin Jean-Michel - - 2011
To determine if a type of unicoloniality exists in the fire ant Solenopsis saevissima in its native range, we conducted intraspecific aggressiveness tests in French Guiana between workers originating from 15 human-disturbed sites. We identified two "colonial groups" spread over 54km and 12.5km, respectively. Workers from the same group never ...
Hara Noboru - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To assess long-term oncologic outcomes in patients with renal pelvic cancer who are receiving nephrectomy plus endoscopy-assisted intussusception ureterectomy. There has been no large study reporting long-term oncologic outcomes of this approach in comparison with those of conventional nephroureterectomy plus bladder cuff removal. Patients and Methods: We reviewed ...
Eriksson Katarina - - 2011
Eriksson K, Larsson P-G, Nilsson M, Forsum U. Vaginal retention of locally administered clindamycin. APMIS 2011; 119: 373-6. Since bacterial vaginosis (BV) is characterized by a lack of, or very few, lactobacilli and high numbers of small, mostly anaerobic bacteria, an obvious treatment modality would be eradication of the BV-associated ...
Yu S C H - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MCA is a common location of intracranial stenosis. It is relatively more peripherally located and of a smaller caliber, and could therefore be a site technically more challenging and risky for angioplasty and stenting. The study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcome, restenosis rate, and procedural safety ...
Lustig S - - 2011
No report has specifically addressed the question of the influence of gender on outcome following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). To clarify this issue, we studied two groups of 40 patients of each gender, matched by pre-operative clinical and radiological presentation, and with post-operative follow up of at least 2years. The ...
Lin L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> Animal studies have shown that regional anaesthesia and analgesia may prevent or attenuate the surgical stress response by preserving immune function and result in better long-term outcome. We have tested the hypothesis that patients with ovarian serous adenocarcinoma who had surgery with epidural anaesthesia and analgesia would have ...
Lyras Dimitris N - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not a single application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in a ruptured tendon alters the expression of IGF-I in the early phase of healing in an animal wound model. We performed an Achilles tendon rupture model on 48 New Zealand white ...
Bisseling Pepijn - - 2011
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (RHA) is done in patients who often have a high preference for the method. This preference can influence the clinical outcome and satisfaction. We evaluated the potential influence of this preference bias. From an ongoing randomized trial comparing RHA with total hip arthroplasty, 28 consecutive patients (28 ...
Kitamura Soichiro - - 2011
We reviewed our clinical experiences with cardiovascular homografts harvested and preserved at our institutional tissue banks. Since our bank was first established in Japan in 1990, 74 patients have undergone various surgical procedures using homografts. We classified them into five groups according to the procedure: Group I, subcoronary implantation of ...
Goel Anupama - - 2011
AIM: To compare the efficacy of different intervals of misoprostol administration (simultaneously vis-à-vis 24 h), after mifepristone, in women undergoing medical termination of pregnancy up to gestation of 49 days. METHODS: Eighty eligible women with single intrauterine pregnancy of ≤7 weeks of gestation requesting abortion were randomized to receive either 200 mg of mifepristone ...
Miyahara Shunsuke - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Patients with Stanford type B dissection treated medically during the acute phase have a risk of surgery and aortic rupture during the chronic phase. We investigated the predictors for late aortic events by focusing on the false lumen status with computed tomography. METHODS: A total of 160 patients were ...
Doyle Alex - - 2011
PURPOSE: Inadequate airway humidification can result in endotracheal tube occlusion. There is evidence that heat and moisture exchangers (HMEs) are more prone to endotracheal tube occlusion than heated humidifiers (HHs) that contain a heated wire circuit. We aimed to compare the incidence of endotracheal tube occlusion while introducing a new ...
Birnbaum Florian - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Postoperative astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty is a major problem in corneal transplantation. The purpose of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an intrastromal corneal ring after penetrating keratoplasty. METHODS:: Twenty patients were included, 10 of whom received an intracorneal ring (group 1) and ...
Metaxari Maria - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this double-blind randomized study was to compare the antiemetic efficacy of three 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 antagonists in terms of the incidence and intensity of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in a homogenous group of female patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 203 American ...
Lee Han Jun - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological results of navigation-assisted TKAs performed using the measured gap resection or the gap balancing technique in thirty patients who underwent bilateral primary TKAs. METHODS: Sixty cases of navigation-assisted TKAs [30 TKAs performed using the measured gap resection technique (Group A) ...
Dempsey Amanda L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to compare range of motion, subjective outcomes, and the prevalence of reoperation in groups of frozen shoulder patients with either low or moderate/high irritability treated with the same total end range time-maximizing protocol. DESIGN:: A total of 36 patients were treated ...
Ovcina Ismar - - 2011
In this prospective clinical study, we have compared 17 patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) who received mechanical valve substitutes and had concomitant additional right ventricular (RV) volume reduction plasty (aRVVRP, group 1) with seven patients who underwent solitary re-do pulmonary valve replacements (PVR, group 2). All patients were evaluated ...
Chen Xinliang - - 2011
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare, in terms of efficacy and safety, the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and our modified transobturator vaginal tape inside-out (TVT-O) procedure with self-tailored monofilament macroporous polypropylene mesh for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: A total of 150 women with SUI were assigned to modified TVT-O (n = 95) and ...
Lipkin Michael E - - 2011
Fluoroscopy with retrograde pyelogram is commonly used to obtain access for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Our practice uses room air for retrograde identification of calyceal anatomy. Herein we explore whether an air pyelogram was associated with a decrease in radiation exposure compared with standard retrograde pyelogram. We retrospectively reviewed all PNL ...
Macatula T C - - 2012
To investigate whether radiofrequency (RF) ablation with low power (LP) or maximal power (MP) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can achieve optimal ablation and fewer adverse effects. RF ablation was performed with MP in 101 patients (129 tumours) and with LP in 46 patients (61 tumours). MP RF ablation used power ...
Motohiro Masayuki - - 2011
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates. Although a previous study reported that pretreatment with sodium bicarbonate is more effective than sodium chloride for prophylaxis of CIN, this has not been a universal finding. We performed a prospective randomized trial to investigate whether CIN can be ...
Bein Thomas - - 2011
Pump-driven extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or pumpless arterio-venous interventional lung assist (iLA) is associated with possible complications, mainly consisting of bleeding or thrombosis/clotting by cellular deposits on the membrane or extracorporeal circuit surfaces, which may reduce gas-exchange capacity. In this study, we report our experiences with the addition of low-dose ...
Ba-bai-ke-re Ma-Mu-Ti-Jiang A MM Department of Anorectal Surgical, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. - - 2011
To demonstrate the value of Diosmin (flavonidic fraction) in the management of post-haemorhoidectomic symptoms. Eighty-six consecutive patients with grades III and IV acute mixed hemorrhoids admitted to the Anorectal Surgical Department of First Affiliated Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University from April 2009 to April 2010, were enrolled in this study. An ...
Soria Federico - - 2011
PURPOSE: We assessed the therapeutic value of a new treatment option for ureteral strictures that may avoid urothelial hyperplasia, which is the main cause of metallic stent failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 24 pigs in this study. An experimental model of ureteral stricture was induced in all animals. Obstruction ...
Scaglione Marco - - 2011
Aims Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation still requires long procedural time and high radiation exposure with its related risk for the patient and the operators. This study was designed to compare three different approaches of AF ablation to verify the hypothesis that image integration with electroanatomic mapping allows minimal use of ...
Loubert C - - 2011
We investigated the effect of epidural volume extension on spinal blockade in pregnant women undergoing elective caesarean section with a combined spinal-epidural technique. We randomly allocated 90 healthy subjects to three groups to receive spinal hyperbaric bupivacaine 7.5 mg (group B7.5), spinal hyperbaric bupivacaine 7.5 mg immediately followed by epidural ...
Kim Han Koo - - 2011
Free flap reconstruction of complex defects has revolutionized cancer and trauma treatment and offers a reliable and efficient method for reconstructing tissue defects. We analyzed the donor, flap, and systemic complications in an aging group and in a group of younger patients to identify whether age is an important factor ...
Lowe David - - 2011
Objective. To investigate the incidence of postoperative hemorrhage and its risk factors after adenotonsillectomy. Study Design. A prospective cohort study as part of the National Prospective Tonsillectomy Audit. Setting. National Health Service and private hospitals in England and Northern Ireland. Subjects and Methods. National Prospective Tonsillectomy Audit methodology was followed ...
Morsy Mohamed - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The fastest growing population group in the UK is the elderly, particularly those aged ≥80 years. The primary aim of this study was to assess if age was a determining factor for successful first dialysis through a pre-emptive angioaccess. The secondary aim was to investigate what risk factors are ...
Tonin Alexandre A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the utilization of a standard treatment with diminazene aceturate against the infection caused by Trypanosoma evansi, associated to sodium selenite and vitamin E. In vitro tests showed trypanocidal effect related to the treatment with diminazene aceturate and sodium selenite, but vitamin E ...
Ersoz Feyzullah - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) technique is considered the optimal surgical treatment for chronic anal fissures (CAFs), although questions remain regarding the best technique. The present study investigated whether the type of anoderm incision (vertical or parallel to the anus) affects wound healing, wound-related complications, incontinence, and recurrence rates ...
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