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Mangiavillano B B Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo, Universitary Hospital, University of Milan, Via A. di Rudinì no. 8, 20142, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Many benign biliary diseases (BBD) can be treated with fully covered, self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMS) but stent migration occurs in up to 35.7 %. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the rate of, safety and effectiveness and stent migration of a new biliary FCSEMS with an anti-migration flap ...
Bohensky Megan M Melbourne EpiCentre, Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne and Melbourne - - 2014
To evaluate the frequency and geographical variation in knee arthroscopy for adults (>25 years) with a concomitant diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Retrospective cohort study of hospital separations involving an elective knee arthroscopy. Public and private hospitals in Victoria, Australia. Patients receiving knee arthroscopies with a diagnosis code indicating osteoarthritis (OA) from ...
Amorosi Stacey L SL Boston Scientific, Natick, MA 01760, - - 2014
Major practice changes require both clinical and economic rationale, especially where a novel device replaces an established pharmaceutical therapy. Recent studies have reported the clinical benefits of percutaneous left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) relative to standard warfarin anticoagulation, but little is published on ...
Dua Kulwinder S KS Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin and the Clement Zablocki Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, - - 2014
Fully covered esophageal self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are potentially removable but can be associated with high migration rates. For precise positioning, non-foreshortening SEMSs are preferred. Recently, a new fully covered non-foreshortening SEMS with anti-migration features was introduced. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of this new esophageal SEMS. Retrospective study. ...
Halıcı Öztürk Filiz F Çanakkale Provincial Hospital, Çanakkale, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To observe the progression of labor when oxytocin use is limited to the onset of the active stage of labor. Method: A randomized, prospective controlled study was performed to address the issue of oxytocin infusion after the onset of active labor in 140 patients. In the study group, ...
Galazios Georgios G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Democritus University of Thrace, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the quality of a new type partogram used to monitor labor. Methods: We compared efficacy using two types of partograms. The first was the classical WHO partogram (group A) and the second a new type in which we estimated and reported the sub of cervical dilatation ...
Silva D - - 2014
BACKGROUND. Specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) is cost-effective; however its economical burden can lead to non-adherence. We aimed to identify the reported reasons, patient's personal or socio-demographic characteristics and SCIT-related factors associated with non-adherence to SCIT. METHODS. This is a cross-sectional, observational study held in a Portuguese University Hospital. All records ...
Shi William Y WY Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, - - 2014
We examined whether socioeconomic status and rurality influenced outcomes after coronary surgery. We identified 14,150 patients undergoing isolated coronary surgery. Socioeconomic and rurality data was obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and linked to patients' postcodes. Outcomes were compared between categories of socioeconomic disadvantage (highest versus lowest quintiles, n= ...
Fruscalzo A A Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mathias-Spital - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the role of quantitative elastography of the cervix in the prediction of successful labor induction compared to the Bishop score (BS) and ultrasound cervical length (CL). Materials and Methods: A prospective pilot study was conducted between July 2010 and June 2011 in patients without preterm membrane rupture ...
Ament Jared D JD University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, - - 2014
Object Bolivia, one of the poorest countries in the world, ranks 108th on the 2013 Human Development Index. With approximately 1 neurosurgeon per 200,000 people, access to neurosurgery in Bolivia is a growing health concern. Furthermore, neurosurgery in nonindustrialized countries has been considered both cost-prohibitive and lacking in outcomes evaluation. ...
Hanley Brian B a School of Sport , Leeds Metropolitan University , Leeds , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to describe pacing profiles used by senior men competing in the World Cross Country Championships. Lap times were collated for 1273 competitors across 10 races. Each individual's lap times were expressed as a percentage of the eventual winner's lap times, and athletes were ...
Raiss Patric P Klinik für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie, Universität Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstrasse 200a, 69118 Heidelberg, - - 2014
There is little information about the long-term longitudinal outcomes of total shoulder arthroplasty. Moreover, long-term data on a single shoulder replacement system are lacking. The aim of this study was to analyze, at different time points during a follow-up period of fifteen to twenty years, the clinical and radiographic outcomes ...
Abolghasemian M M Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Avenue, Suite 476A, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X5, - - 2014
The use of ilioischial cage reconstruction for pelvic discontinuity has been replaced by the Trabecular Metal (Zimmer, Warsaw, Indiana) cup-cage technique in our institution, due to the unsatisfactory outcome of using a cage alone in this situation. We report the outcome of 26 pelvic discontinuities in 24 patients (20 women ...
Devos M J MJ Ter Gooi Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics, P. O. Box 10016, 1201DA, Hilversum, the - - 2014
We determined the short-term clinical outcome and migration within the bone of the humeral cementless component of the Instrumented Bone Preserving (IBP) total elbow replacement in a series of 16 patients. There were four men and 12 women with a mean age at operation of 63 years (40 to 81). ...
Remón-Rodríguez César - - 2014
Introduction and objectives: There is currently no registry that gives a complete and overall view of the peritoneal dialysis (PD) situation in Spain. However, a report on PD in Spain was developed for various conferences and meetings over several years from data provided by each registry in the autonomous communities ...
Elen Hughes Meinir M Intravenous Access Nurse Specialist, Velindre Cancer Centre, Whitchurch, - - 2014
Inadvertent migration of central venous catheters can lead to several issues including delayed therapy and clinical morbidities such as thrombosis. Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are particularly at risk of movement. An innovative new device which allows anchorage of the catheter has proved very successful in the minimisation of catheter ...
Margier Jennifer J Cellule d'évaluation médico-économique des innovations, Pavillon Taillefer, CHU de Grenoble, 38043, Grenoble, France, - - 2014
Conventional reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has a high success rate. Computer-assisted navigation systems (CANSs) have been developed to further improve the accuracy of tunnel positioning. What is the economic impact from the hospital perspective? Patients having a first ACL reconstruction procedure were included in a prospective multicentre ...
Arai Yohei Y Department of Nephrology, Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Impaired mobility at the onset of dialysis is considered one of the most important risk factors for short-term mortality after initiation of dialysis in elderly patients. However, whether a decline in mobility after starting dialysis also affects mortality is unclear. A total of 202 patients (age, >75 years; mean, 80.4 ...
Gray Nicholas A - - 2013
Australians living in rural areas have lower incidence rates of renal replacement therapy and poorer dialysis survival compared with urban dwellers. This study compares peritoneal dialysis (PD) patient characteristics and outcomes in rural and urban Australia. Non-indigenous Australian adults who commenced chronic dialysis between 1 January 2000 and 31 December ...
Epinette Jean-Alain JA Orthopaedic Research and Imaging Center in Arthroplasty Clinique Médico-Chirurgicale 200 rue d'Auvergne, Bruay-Labuissière, - - 2013
Hip instability after total hip replacement has been shown to be a critical cause of failure. The use of dual mobility has been classically restricted to patients "at risk", over 70years of age. The question rises up about extended indications of so-called "modern" second generation dual mobility cups. This prospective ...
van den Berg Maarten W MW Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
Endoscopic placement of self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) has emerged as a palliative treatment for patients with malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). Recently, a new partially covered "big cup" SEMS has been developed to prevent both stent migration and tissue ingrowth. The aim of the study was to evaluate safety and ...
Park Moon Soo MS *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Medical College of Hallym University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea ‡Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2013
A retrospective study OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate radiographic changes of patients with osteophytes at the anterior border of the caudal vertebral body who were treated with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using dynamic rotational plates. Dynamic cervical plates are widely used in surgeries of the anterior cervical spine. One concern ...
Oungoulian Sevan R SR Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2013
This study examined functional properties and biocompatibility of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine articular cartilage over several weeks of incubation at body temperature to investigate its potential use as a resurfacing material in joint arthroplasty. In the first experiment, treated cartilage disks were fixed using 0.02, 0.20 and 0.60% glutaraldehyde for 24h then ...
Nevler A - - 2013
Colorectal stents have a proven role in colorectal cancer as palliative care or a bridge to surgery. However, their efficacy and anchoring to the tissue varies according to stent design with stent migration rates up to 50 %. We present preliminary in vivo results of a new end-luminal anchoring system for ...
Ganesamoni Raguram - - 2013
Abstract Background and Purpose: The energy source used for stone fragmentation is important in miniperc. In this study, we compared the stone fragmentation characteristics and outcomes of laser lithotripsy and pneumatic lithotripsy in miniperc for renal calculi. Patients and Methods: After Institutional Review Board approval, 60 patients undergoing miniperc for ...
Bosco Joseph A JA 3rd NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, New - - 2013
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has proposed bundling of payments for acute care episodes for certain procedures, including total joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to quantify the readmission burden of TJA as a function of readmission rate and reimbursement for the bundled payment. Using the ...
Choi Hong Kyu - - 2013
Purpose: Small intestinal function returns first after surgery, and then the function of the stomach returns to normal after postoperative ileus (POI). The aim of this study was to investigate inflammatory responses in the muscle coat of stomach and small intestine in guinea pig POI model. Materials and Methods: The ...
Klein Gregg R GR Hartzband Center for Hip and Knee Replacement, Paramus, - - 2013
The United States economy entered a recession in December 2007. This study aims to determine whether the utilization of elective orthopedic surgeries has been impacted by this recession. From January 2007 to December 2009 at a single private practice in New Jersey, 4820 total joint replacement procedures were scheduled, of ...
Zaidi Abbas Ali AA Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, National Institute of Medical Science & Research, Nims University , Jaipur-303121, Rajasthan, India - - 2013
Background: Day-care surgery is a common procedure in most of the hospitals. It has the advantages of early discharge and thus contributes to cost effectiveness. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the feasibility of day-care surgery in rural and urban patients. Material and Methods: Around 200 cases ...
Nieuwenhuijse Marc J - - 2013
High-flexion total knee arthroplasty was introduced to meet the demands of daily activity requiring increased knee flexion. However, concerns have been raised regarding the fixation of high-flexion total knee arthroplasty components and increased rates of loosening have been reported. To date, migration, and thus fixation, of high-flexion total knee arthroplasty ...
Gupta Deepak - - 2013
Some anesthesiologists consider combined spinal epidural (CSE) analgesia as superior alternative to continuous labor epidural (CLE) analgesia. However, during CSE, even small doses of intrathecally administered local anesthetics with opioids induce almost instant analgesia that precludes the testing of epidural catheters as well as early appreciation of failed epidural catheters. ...
Rosen Sydney - - 2013
Evaluate the effect of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on South African HIV patients' economic well being, as indicated by symptoms, normal activities, employment, and external support, during the first 5 years on treatment. Prospective cohort study of 879 adult patients at public or nongovernmental clinics enrolled before ART initiation or on ...
Klaassen Raymond H G - - 2013
Information about when and where animals die is important to understand population regulation. In migratory animals, mortality might occur not only during the stationary periods (e.g. breeding and wintering) but also during the migration seasons. However, the relative importance of population limiting factors during different periods of the year remains ...
Kim Chan Gyoo - - 2013
Self-expandable metallic stents are used widely to relieve malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). However, restenosis or migration of first stents is a frequent complication. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the effectiveness of second stents as an approach to manage failure of first stents in patients ...
Osnabrugge Ruben L J - - 2013
The unsustainable trend of rising healthcare costs necessitates difficult allocation decisions by governments, policymakers, and physicians. Consequently, recent advances in transcatheter valve therapies require not only clinical evaluation, but also careful economic evaluation. Under current indications, each year there are nearly 18,000 new candidates for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) ...
Sharaiha Reem Z - - 2013
Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) and self-expandable plastic stents (SEPS) maybe used for the treatment of benign upper gastrointestinal (GI) leaks and strictures. This study reviewed our experience with stent insertions in patients with benign upper GI conditions. Patients who underwent stent placement for benign upper GI strictures and leaks between ...
Bibbo Christopher - - 2013
The Syme amputation (ankle disarticulation level amputation) can be a valuable procedure for properly selected patients but might be underused owing to the problem of postoperative migration of the heel pad cushion. The present report presents a modification of the Syme amputation technique to prevent postoperative heel pad migration. The ...
Man Wing Yum - - 2013
Trends in orthopaedic surgery have seen a migration towards using individually packaged screws (IPS). The manufacturers claim IPS improves sterility, traceability, and avoids the effects of repeated sterilisation. In recent times there has been increasing pressure on the NHS to be more cost-efficient. Challenging decisions must be made to make ...
Isayama Hiroyuki - - 2013
Stent migration occurs frequently, but the prevention of complications resulting from covered self-expandable metal stents (C-SEMSs) remains unresolved. We prospectively assessed a newly developed C-SEMS, a modified covered Zeo stent (m-CZS), in terms of its antimigration effect. Between February 2010 and January 2011, an m-CZS was inserted into 42 patients ...
Ganesamoni Raguram - - 2013
Background and purpose: Energy source used for stone fragmentation is important in miniperc. In this study, we compared the stone fragmentation characteristics and outcomes of laser lithotripsy and pneumatic lithotripsy in miniperc for renal calculi. Patients and methods: After institutional review board approval, sixty patients undergoing miniperc for renal calculi ...
O'Neal Wesley T - - 2013
Preoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after open heart surgery. However, the impact of preoperative AF on long-term survival after open heart surgery has not been widely examined in rural populations. Patients from rural regions are less likely to receive treatment for cardiac conditions and ...
Ledbetter Craig A - - 2013
More than 80% of the world's almonds are grown in California with several dozen almond cultivars available commercially. To facilitate promotion and sale, almond cultivars are categorized into marketing groups based on kernel shape and appearance. Several marketing groups are recognized, with the Nonpareil Marketing Group (NMG) demanding the highest ...
Lee Cheng-Han - - 2013
Major orthopedic surgery has been identified as a uniformly high-risk event for venous thromboembolism (VTE). The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) guideline in 2008 states that the incidence of VTE is approximately 40 to 60% following major orthopedic surgery without thromboprophylaxis.(1) However, our previous population-based study shows that the ...
Wierer Thomas - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this prospective study was to analyze the migration pattern of the Lubinus SP II hip stem and to evaluate the clinical results. Fifty-nine patients were followed for 2 years. Translational and rotational micromotion of the implant was measured by radiostereometric analysis (RSA) and the Harris hip ...
Kong V Y VY Department of Surgery, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. - - 2013
Acute appendicitis in South Africa is associated with higher morbidity than in the developed world. Objective. To compare outcomes of urban and rural patients in KwaZulu-Natal and to determine whether there are disparities in outcome. We conducted a prospective study from September 2010 to September 2012 at Edendale Hospital in ...
Ryu Choong Heon - - 2013
Background/Aims: Benign biliary strictures (BBSs) have been endoscopically managed with plastic stent placement. However, data regarding fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs) in BBS patients remain scarce in Korea. Methods: Forty-one patients (21 men, 65.9%) with BBSs underwent FCSEMS placement between February 2007 and July 2010 in Asan Medical Center. ...
Yeh Chun-Nan - - 2013
Abstract Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an alternative modality to hemodialysis and is usually used to treat patients with end-stage renal disease. Dual-incision laparoscopic surgery (DILS) had been reported in several surgical fields; however, no report was proposed about DILS in PD catheter implantation (DILS-PD). In this study, we present ...
Sen Haluk - - 2013
Aim: To compare the effectiveness of Stone Cone™, PercSys and lidocaine jelly instillation to prevent stone migration during ureterorenoscopy (URS). Materials and Methods: One hundred patients who underwent URS for proximal ureteral stones between 2007 and 2012 were evaluated prospectively. The patients were divided into four groups consecutively. The control ...
Rodríguez-Caravaca Gil - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical and economic impact of prophylactic administration of intracameral cefuroxime on cataract surgery. Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain. Quasi-experimental study with before and after analysis. The evolution of the cumulative incidence of endophthalmitis before and after (October 2005) administration of intracameral cefuroxime as endophthalmitis prophylaxis in ...
Robinson Bruce M - - 2013
Mortality rates for maintenance hemodialysis patients are much higher than the general population and are even greater soon after starting dialysis. Here we analyzed mortality patterns in 86,886 patients in 11 countries focusing on the early dialysis period using data from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study, a prospective ...
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