Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1253
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Mumcuoglu K Y - - 2010
The use of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) in promoting venous drainage in tissues whose vitality is threatened by venous congestion and obstruction, especially in plastic and reconstructive surgery, has been complicated by infections caused by Aeromonas spp. These are leech endosymbionts for which patients undergoing hirudotherapy frequently receive systemic ...
Srinivasan R - - 2009
In the tsunami (December 2004) affected coastal villages located on southern parts of Coramandel Coast of India, seawater intrusion has created serious problems for the people. In order to assess the risk of outbreak of fly-borne diseases, a longitudinal study for one year was carried out to investigate muscoid fly ...
Judlin Philippe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Uncomplicated pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common disease caused by numerous pathogens: sexually transmitted infections (such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium), anaerobes, and other organisms from the vaginal flora. It is currently treated by oral route and most present protocols recommend ofloxacin plus metronidazole (MET). ...
Mave Vidya - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The treatment of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) bacteraemia remains challenging. Daptomycin is a new antibiotic with bactericidal activity against VRE, but available clinical data are limited. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 98 adult patients with VRE bacteraemia admitted to two hospitals between September 2003 and December 2007 to ...
Asberg A - - 2009
Though an important cause of morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplantation (SOT), the long-term outcomes of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease treatment have not been well studied. In a randomized trial, 321 SOT recipients with CMV disease were followed 1 year after treatment with either twice daily intravenous ganciclovir or oral ...
Peltola Heikki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The standard treatment for septic arthritis in children is antimicrobials for several weeks (initially administered intravenously) and arthrotomy (at least for the hip and shoulder joints). No sufficiently powered study has examined the true need for these treatments. METHODS: In a randomized, multicenter prospective trial in Finland, children aged ...
Barbour Elie K - - 2009
Primary infection by low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) predisposes for secondary infection by Escherichia coli in poultry, leading to significant economic losses. Future research in control of this ailment requires the establishment of a successful controlled challenge by avian influenza virus (AIV)/E. coli. Six groups of broilers (6 birds/group) were ...
Kobayashi Ryoji - - 2009
The efficacy and safety of piperacillin/tazobactam plus ceftazidime (PIPC/TAZ+CAZ) versus sulbactam/ampicillin plus aztreonam (SBT/ABPC+AZT) as empirical therapy for febrile neutropenia were assessed in children with hematologic disease and solid tumor. A prospective randomized study was performed to evaluate the clinical response of 70 febrile episodes in the PIPC/TAZ+CAZ arm and ...
Papadopoulos A - - 2009
Clinical experience of prolonged use of linezolid in patients with bone infections is accumulating. However more efficacy and safety data are required. this is a case-control study of patients who received linezolid for difficult-to-treat, intolerant or resistant-to-other-antibiotics bone infections. Linezolid was administered i.v. or orally in 34 patients. Results concerning ...
Pereira Carlos Alberto Pires - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The empirical use of antibiotic therapy is widely accepted for patients with fever and neutropenia during cancer chemotherapy. The use of intravenous monotherapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics in patients at high risk for complications is an appropriate alternative. However, few data are available for pediatric patients. The aim ...
Rehm Susan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Administering outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy in the community setting (CoPAT) is becoming more common with the increasing emphasis on controlling costs. However, few controlled trials have evaluated this treatment modality. METHODS: Using data from a recent randomized trial comparing daptomycin with standard therapy (semi-synthetic penicillin or vancomycin, each with ...
Ho Henry S S - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Infection-related complications after transrectal ultrasound guided prostatic biopsy (TRPB) could be life threatening. Our centre observed sepsis after TRPB despite prophylactic oral ciprofloxacin. We reviewed all cases of post-TRPB sepsis with their bacteriology and evaluated if the addition of intramuscular (I/M) gentamicin to standard prophylaxis before TRPB could reduce ...
Musher Daniel M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin is the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved drug for treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Metronidazole has been widely used for this purpose but may be inferior to vancomycin, especially for hospitalized patients with severe disease. We report a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial comparing nitazoxanide with ...
de la Rubia Javier - - 2009
We analyzed the efficacy of imipenem/cilastatin alone (group I, 197 patients) or in combination with a glycopeptide (group I + G, 231 patients) as first-line antibiotic therapy for 2 consecutive cohorts of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) recipients with febrile neutropenia. From June 2001 to June 2002, patients received imipenem/cilastatin ...
Wagenlehner Florian M E - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the urinary bactericidal titers (UBTs) and 24-h area under the UBT-versus-time curve (AUBT) of intravenous doripenem (500 mg every 8 h [q8h]), a new carbapenem, versus those of intravenous levofloxacin (250 mg q24h) in patients with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs) or ...
Dohar Joseph E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare treatment failure rates for the two major acute otitis externa (AOE) pathogens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, by topical therapy with ciprofloxacin 0.3%/dexamethasone 0.1% (CDex) or neomycin 0.35%/polymyxin B 10,000 IU/mL/hydrocortisone 1% (Cort) based on clinical and microbiological failure in patients positive for these pathogens at baseline. ...
Huang Yu-Lan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Bacterial tracheitis may cause life-threatening airway obstruction. METHODS: Records of patients admitted to the pediatric wards of Mackay Memorial Hospital between 1994 and 2005 with a diagnosis of bacterial tracheitis made on bronchoscopic visualization of thick membranous tracheal secretions were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients (aged ...
Lorente Leonardo - - 2009
The standard mode of administration of piperacillin treatment is by intermittent infusion. However, continuous infusion may be advantageous as beta-lactam antibiotics exhibit time-dependent antibacterial activity. In previous studies, we found a higher rate of clinical cure of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) by continuous infusion rather than intermittent infusion of meropenem and ...
Freitas Cristina - - 2009
For the period January 2005 to June 2008, we reviewed the rates, causes, and outcomes of exit-site infection (ESI) among 137 consecutive patients [mean age: 51 +/- 16 years; 17 (12.4%) with diabetes; 76 (55%) on automated PD; time at risk: 240.41 dialysis years; mean follow-up: 20.4 +/- 13.8 months]. ...
Ekele Bissallah A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Continuing the administration of magnesium sulphate for 24 hours after the last fit in patients with eclampsia is at best empirical. The challenge of such a regimen is enormous in low-resource countries. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an ultra-short regimen of magnesium sulphate ...
Venditti T - - 2009
Citrus fruit are susceptible to many postharvest diseases and disorders, but Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum are the most common and serious pathogens during storage and marketing. The continuous employ in packing houses of synthetic fungicides such as imazalil (IMZ) or thiabendazote for the control of these pathogens is promoting ...
Szaflik J - - 2009
PURPOSE: This randomized, investigator-masked study aimed to compare the clinical and microbiological effectiveness of three times daily administration of levofloxacin 0.5% eyedrops with the classic, more frequent dosing in patients with bacterial conjunctivitis. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis were enrolled. The patients were randomly ...
Tazuma Susumu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the clinical efficacy of an intravenous fluoroquinolone, ciprofloxacin (CIP), in patients with biliary tract infection requiring biliary drainage using imipenem/cilastatin (IPM/CS) as a control. METHODS: After the initial collection of bile, patients were randomly assigned to receive CIP at 300 ...
Kumar Anita A - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rhabdomyolysis is often associated with sepsis and gram positive bacterial pathogens are reported to be the most frequent cause of sepsis induced rhabdomyolysis. We report the pattern of infecting bacterial pathogens and associated causal factors in a South-Indian cohort. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS #ENTITYSTARTX00026; MEASUREMENTS: Retrospective cohort study ...
Song Kyoung-Ho - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species (ESBL-EK) have not been adequately investigated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective matched case-control study to evaluate the outcomes of SBP due to ESBL-EK compared with those due to non-ESBL-EK. Cases were defined as ...
O'Grady S - - 2009
Intranasal mupirocin or Polysporin Triple (PT) ointment (polymyxin B, bacitracin, gramicidin), in combination with chlorhexidine body washes, have been used for eradicating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), but no comparative studies have been done. A double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial to compare the efficacy of mupirocin versus PT ointment in combination ...
Rogers Benjamin A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) endocarditis is increasing in frequency and has a high mortality. This condition has not been specifically described in an Australian population previously. AIM: To describe the characteristics, management and outcomes of patients with MRSA endocarditis in an Australian hospital and identify trends in this ...
Wilson Samuel E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We compared telavancin with vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and skin-structure infections (cSSSI) caused by Gram-positive bacteria. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of clinical and microbiologic efficacy assessed at test-of-cure (7 to 14 days after completing therapy) in 194 patients from 2 randomized, double-blind clinical trials ...
Jiménez A - - 2008
The purpose of the present work is to evaluate a novel CO(2)-based cold sterilization process in terms of both its killing efficiency and its effects on the physical properties of a model hydrogel, poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide) potassium salt. Suspensions of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were prepared for hydration and inoculation ...
Teras J - - 2008
In a randomized, double-blind, multicenter, multinational, controlled trial, 546 patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections received tigecycline 100 mg/day (a 100-mg initial dose and then 50 mg intravenously twice daily) or the combination of vancomycin 2 g/day (1 g intravenously twice daily) and aztreonam 4 g/day (2 g ...
Rehm Susan J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In a prospective, randomized trial, daptomycin was non-inferior to standard therapy for Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and right-sided endocarditis. Since rates of infection due to methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infection are increasing and treatment outcomes for bacteraemia caused by MRSA are generally worse than those observed with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus ...
Nilsson Elin - - 2008
This is an extended open study of oral prophylactic treatment with egg yolk antibodies against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Anti-Pseudomonas IgY, of 17 Swedish patients with cystic fibrosis. They have been on prophylactic IgY treatment for up to 12 years and altogether for 114 patient years. A group of 23 Danish CF ...
Peetermans W E - - 2008
Because the microbiology and patient population of infective endocarditis (IE) have evolved, the traditional definition of nosocomial IE may require revision. The question of whether this definition should be extended to 6 months after discharge was explored, and a high rate of episodes with nosocomial pathogens (coagulase-negative staphylococci) and a ...
Suankratay Chusana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Much controversy exists as to whether cephalosporin treatment is appropriate for infections caused by ESBL-producing organisms because no randomized controlled studies have been performed. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the therapeutic outcomes of ceftriaxone treatment in acute pyelonephritis caused by ESBL-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, or Proteus mirabilis. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The ...
Cheong H S - - 2008
This study was performed to identify the risk factors for mortality and evaluate the effect of inappropriate initial antimicrobial therapy on the outcomes of patients with community-onset Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia in an emergency department (ER) setting. All cases with P. aeruginosa bacteraemia occurring within 48 h after ER visit from ...
Réa-Neto Alvaro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Doripenem is a new carbapenem that has broad-spectrum activity against bacterial pathogens commonly responsible for nosocomial pneumonia (NP). It has several advantages over currently available carbapenems and other classes of drugs used in this indication. This prospective, randomized, open-label, multicenter study was designed to establish whether doripenem was noninferior ...
Dombrowski Julia C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections can be difficult to treat. We evaluated the rate of clinical failure in appropriately-treated patients and determined risk factors for failure. METHODS: We retrospectively studied a cohort of patients with invasive MRSA infections who completed recommended therapy at one hospital over a 7 year ...
Giavaresi Gianluca - - 2008
To evaluate a new gentamicin-vancomycin- impregnated (2:1) PMMA coating nail as a drug delivery device to treat bone and intramedullary infections, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was used to induce femoral osteomyelitis in 20 New Zealand male rabbits. Four weeks after inoculum, the animals were submitted to debridement of infected femur ...
Buehlmann M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a standardized regimen for decolonization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriers and to identify factors influencing decolonization treatment failure. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study from January 2002 to April 2007, with a mean follow-up period of 36 months. SETTING: University hospital with 750 beds and ...
Stryjewski Martin E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Telavancin is an investigational, rapidly bactericidal lipoglycopeptide with a multifunctional mechanism of action. METHODS: We conducted 2 parallel, randomized, double-blind, active-control, phase 3 studies with a prespecified pooled analysis design. Patients aged > or = 18 years who had complicated skin and skin-structure infections caused by suspected or confirmed ...
Yildirim I - - 2008
A prospective, randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare the efficacy of piperacillin/tazobactam and amikacin combination with carbapenem monotherapy for the empirical treatment of febrile neutropenic episodes of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia or acute myeloblastic leukemia. Patients aged 2-16 years with hematological malignancies who had febrile neutropenia were randomly ...
Kulabukhov V V - - 2008
Methods for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (endotoxin) reduction have been proposed as one way to improve the treatment of Gram-negative sepsis. Here we present a case with severe Gram-negative sepsis, treated with a novel device for LPS adsorption (Alteco LPS Adsorber, Alteco Medical AB, Lund, Sweden). After LPS adsorption, the level of ...
Sacar Suzan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of linezolid in an experimental mediastinitis model and to compare it with vancomycin, which is commonly used. The objective of this study was also to evaluate the role of the immune system in mediastinitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty adult Wistar rats were ...
Tsaganos Thomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of oral linezolid, with or without rifampicin, on valve vegetations and secondary foci of infection compared with vancomycin, in the absence or presence of rifampicin, in experimental endocarditis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. METHODS: Treatment groups were controls (n = 16), linezolid (n = 15), ...
Marcos Miguel - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The impact of appropriate antimicrobial therapy and antimicrobial resistance on the outcome of bacteraemia due to Enterobacter spp. remains unclear. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of antimicrobial therapy in 377 consecutive episodes of Enterobacter bacteraemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This includes retrospective analysis of a ...
Pertel Peter E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare daptomycin with ceftriaxone for the treatment of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: Two phase-3 randomized, double-blind trials that enrolled adult patients hospitalized with CAP were conducted. Patients received intravenous daptomycin (4 mg/kg) or ceftriaxone (2 g) once daily for 5-14 days. Aztreonam could be ...
Hedrick Traci L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic cycling or rotation of antimicrobial agent classes has been proposed to combat antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in a medical intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital between December 1, 2000, and September 30, 2002, as part of a three-center trial under the ...
Terg Rubén - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Low protein concentration in ascitic fluid has been identified as a risk factor for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Until now, primary prophylaxis has not been recommended in these patients. The aim was to investigate the efficacy of long-term administration of ciprofloxacin to prevent SBP. METHODS: One hundred cirrhotic patients ...
Jenkins P A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The mainstays of treatment for pulmonary disease caused by opportunist mycobacteria are rifampicin (R) and ethambutol (E). The role of macrolides, quinolones and immunotherapy with Mycobacterium vaccae is not clear. A trial was undertaken to compare clarithromycin (Clari) and ciprofloxacin (Cipro) as third drugs added to [corrected] 2 years ...
Yun Heather C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic injuries occurring in Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) are complicated by infections with multidrug resistant bacteria. We describe demographics and microbiology of OIF/OEF casualties with primary and recurrent osteomyelitis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of OIF/OEF casualties admitted to our facility from February 1, ...
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