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Results 251 - 300 of 1254
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Schmitz Gillian R - - 2010
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is now the leading cause of uncomplicated skin abscesses in the United States, and the role of antibiotics is controversial. We evaluate whether trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole reduces the rate of treatment failures during the 7 days after incision and drainage and whether it reduces new lesion formation within ...
Wensaas Knut-Arne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Giardia lamblia is endemic in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world, and in Europe and North America a common cause of waterborne outbreaks of gastroenteritis. In 2004, approximately 5000 people were sick with giardiasis during an outbreak in Bergen, Norway. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of gastrointestinal ...
Gilpin D F - - 2010
Decolonisation may reduce the risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in individual carriers and prevent transmission to other patients. The aims of this prospective cohort study were to determine the long-term efficacy of a standardised decolonisation regimen and to identify factors associated with failure. Patients colonised with MRSA underwent ...
Itani Kamal M F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This open-label study compared oral or intravenous linezolid with intravenous vancomycin for treatment of complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTIs) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). METHODS: Patients with proven MRSA cSSTI were randomized to receive linezolid or vancomycin. Clinical and microbiologic outcomes, duration of antimicrobial therapy, length of ...
Braga Fabio R - - 2010
This work was performed to determine the predatory capacity in vitro of the nematophagous fungus Duddingtonia flagrans (isolate AC001) on cyathostomin infective larvae of horse (L(3)). The experimental assay was carried out on plates with 2% water-agar (2% WA). In the treated group, each plate contained 1.000 L(3) and 1.000 ...
Alavi Seyed Mohammad - - 2010
Lymphadenitis is one of the presenting signs of toxoplasmosis. Co-trimoxazole (CTM) has a good therapeutic effect on ocular and cerebral infections caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Since this infection is endemic in Ahvaz and because of the lack of investigations into the therapeutic effects of CTM in toxoplasmic lymphadenitis (TL), this ...
Gunjaca Ivan - - 2010
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious complication of liver cirrhosis and is defined as infected ascites in the absence of any recognizable secondary cause of infection. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence, incidence, pathogens and clinical outcome of SBP. This prospective observational study included 108 ...
Higgins J P - - 2010
In the present study, a series of experiments were conducted to evaluate the ability of a combination of 3 ATCC lactobacilli (LAB3) or a commercially available probiotic culture (PROB) to reduce Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (Salmonella Enteritidis) in broiler chicks. Additionally, we varied the timing of PROB administration in relationship ...
Nguyen David T - - 2010
Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) have revolutionized infectious disease diagnosis, allowing for the rapid and sensitive identification of pathogens in clinical specimens. Real-time PCR testing for the mecA gene (mecA PCR), which confers methicillin resistance in staphylococci, has the added potential to reduce antibiotic usage, improve clinical outcomes, lower health ...
Lin Shuai-Chun - - 2011
Purpose:  To analyze the clinical and microbiological characteristics and factors associated with the outcome of lacrimal canaliculitis. Methods:  Thirty four patients (34 eyes) treated for lacrimal canaliculitis between January 2001 and December 2006 in a tertiary medical centre were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical and microbiological profiles, treatment outcome, and risk factors ...
Stef R - - 2010
In the last years a significant attack increasing of codling moth was observed in the western part of Romania. In order to reduce the population of this pests a bioproduct was used named Trichotim based on entomophagous insect Trichogramma sp. Trichotim is a Romanian product certified in year 2000 with ...
Cardillo José A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of subconjunctival injection of a combination of triamcinolone and ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, 2 mg/0.1 mL, in a controlled-release system (DuoCat) with that of ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, 0.3%, eyedrops for infection prophylaxis. METHODS: Rabbit eyes were injected subconjunctivally with a combination of triamcinolone and ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, 2 mg/0.1 ...
Carter Natalie J - - 2010
Besifloxacin is a novel fluoroquinolone that, like other fluoroquinolones, acts by inhibiting the essential bacterial enzymes DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. Topical besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% is indicated for use in patients with bacterial conjunctivitis caused by susceptible bacteria. Besifloxacin had in vitro activity against a broad spectrum of Gram-positive ...
Hermsen Elizabeth D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Higher vancomycin concentrations are thought necessary for treatment of deep-seated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection, yet this may result in greater risk of nephrotoxicity. We evaluated the relationship of serum vancomycin trough concentration with clinical outcomes and nephrotoxicity for patients with deep-seated MRSA infection. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study ...
Chen Zhangjing - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tigecycline, a first-in-class broad-spectrum glycylcycline antibiotic, has broad-spectrum in vitro activity against bacteria commonly encountered in complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs), including aerobic and facultative Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and anaerobic bacteria. In the current trial, tigecycline was evaluated for safety and efficacy vs. imipenem/cilastatin in hospitalized Chinese patients with ...
Brito-Júnior Manoel - - 2010
This study evaluated the sealing ability of gray MTA-Angelus mixed with propyleneglycol in furcal perforations using a bacterial leakage test. Furcal perforations were created in 30 human mandibular molars using a size 3 round bur The samples were divided randomly into 2 experimental groups (n=10) according to the mixing agent. ...
Chaubey Vikas P - - 2010
Prompt administration of adequate empiric antimicrobial therapy is a major determinant influencing the outcome of serious infections. The objective of this study was to describe empiric antimicrobial therapy employed and assess its effect on the outcome of patients bacteremic with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. A ...
McCluggage Lauren - - 2010
PURPOSE: The implementation and evaluation of vancomycin nomogram guidelines in a computerized prescriber-order-entry (CPOE) system are described. METHODS: Initial vancomycin orders for patients over age 18 years who received vancomycin between August 1 and September 30, 2006 (preimplementation), and between March 1 and April 30, 2007 (postimplementation), were compared with ...
Hunziker Sabina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of postoperative orthopaedic infections is important in order to rapidly initiate adequate antimicrobial therapy. There are currently no reliable diagnostic markers to differentiate infectious from noninfectious causes of postoperative fever. We investigated the value of the serum procalcitonin level in febrile patients after orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: We ...
Jung Young Ju YJ Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2010
To investigate whether adding rifampicin to vancomycin could cure more patients with nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia compared with vancomycin-only. Prospective randomized open-label study. Medical intensive care unit in Seoul, Korea. Ninety-three of 183 patients with Gram-positive nosocomial pneumonia. The enrolled patients with subsequently documented methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia (modified ...
Martin-Canal G - - 2010
The efficacy of carbapenems versus cefotaxime (8g/day)+metronidazole (1.5-2g/day) [combined standard chemotherapy (CSC)] for the treatment of brain abscess was compared. Fifty-nine adult patients with brain abscesses received either imipenem or meropenem (3-4g/day) or CSC for a mean of 5 weeks, in addition to neurosurgery in most cases. Cure was obtained ...
Ameen Mahreen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Actinomycetomas are chronic, granulomatous, subcutaneous infections caused by actinomycetes bacteria. Despite prolonged high-dose and combination antibiotic therapies, some cases remain resistant with risks of bone and visceral involvement. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of imipenem monotherapy, and in combination with amikacin for the treatment of ...
Clark Tristan W - - 2010
Enteric fever is an increasingly common diagnosis in returning travellers in the UK. We performed a retrospective descriptive study of culture-confirmed cases of enteric fever admitted to University Hospitals Leicester, UK between January 1999 and April 2009. 100 cases of enteric fever were identified in adults (n = 76) and ...
Takahashi Satoshi - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical relevance of carbapenem and third-generation cephalosporin treatment for febrile complicated pyelonephritis, which often leads to urosepsis. Parenteral antimicrobial treatment with a carbapenem or third-generation cephalosporin was administered to febrile patients and the treatment was switched to oral antimicrobial agents after ...
Bliziotis Ioannis A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common in everyday clinical practice. Daptomycin has been shown to achieve very good concentrations in skin and soft tissues. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and toxicity of daptomycin with that of other antimicrobials for the treatment of SSTIs. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and ...
Krzysztofiak Andrzej - - 2010
We report the case of an immunocompetent child with spondylodiscitis as a result of staphylococcal sepsis, which was successfully treated with linezolid. The patient was admitted with fever and circumferential swelling in the paradorsal region, which was evident only in the flexed back position. A chest X-ray showed a pleural ...
Zald??var Renzo A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To review the clinical findings, treatment outcomes, and microbiology of primary canaliculitis. METHODS: A medical record database was queried to identify cases of primary canaliculitis. The 23 cases identified were reviewed for clinical presentation, treatment, microbiology, pathology, and patient outcome at the time of most recent follow-up. Participants were ...
Cagol Angela Rech - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of intravenous vs. oral antibiotic therapy. METHODS: All febrile neutropenic patients younger than 18 years old with low risk of complications and receiving chemotherapy were selected. The study was conducted from 2002 to 2005 at the Pediatric Oncology Unit of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto ...
Feurle Gerhard E - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Whipple's disease is a chronic infection caused by the actinomycete Tropheryma whipplei. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of the efficacy of antimicrobials that are able to cross the blood-brain barrier and to which T whipplei is susceptible. METHODS: Patients from central Europe with previously untreated Whipple's ...
Helweg-Larsen Jannik - - 2009
First-line therapy for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Few data exist to guide the choice of second-line therapy for patients failing or developing toxicity to first-line therapy. A case note review of 1122 patients with 1188 episodes of HIV-associated PCP from three observational cohorts in Copenhagen, London and Milan, ...
Saltoglu N - - 2010
In this prospective, randomized, open-label clinical trial, we compared the efficacy and safety of two antibiotic regimens for severe diabetic foot infections (DFI). Sixty-two in-patients with DFI received either piperacillin/tazobactam (Pip-Tazo, n = 30) (4.5 g intravenously every 8h) or imipenem/cilastatin (IMP, n = 32) (0.5 g intravenously every 6h). ...
Hsieh Pang-Hsin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little information is available regarding the demographic characteristics and outcomes of patients with prosthetic joint infection (PJI) resulting from gram-negative (GN) organisms, compared with patients with PJI resulting from gram-positive (GP) organisms. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of all cases of PJI that were treated at our ...
Shams-ur-Rehman - - 2009
Gonorrhoea is a purulent inflammation of mucus membrane of the genital tract and is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoae. Both men and women can be infected through a variety of sexual contact behaviours including vaginal, anal or oral intercourses. This comparative study ...
Keramat Fariba - - 2009
This study was designed to compare the efficacy of ciprofloxacin plus rifampin (CR) and ciprofloxacin plus doxycycline (CD) versus doxycycline plus rifampin (DR) in the treatment of brucellosis. A total of 178 patients with brucellosis who were referred to the Sina Hospital, Hamedan, Iran, were included. The responses to therapy ...
Goldstein Ellie J C - - 2009
After ertapenem was added to the formulary of a 344-bed community teaching hospital, we retrospectively studied its effect on antimicrobial utilization and on the in vitro susceptibility of various antimicrobial agents against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Three study periods were defined as preintroduction (months 1 to 9), postintroduction but before the autosubstitution ...
Naimer Sody S Department of Family Medicine, Siaal Research Center for Family Medicine and Primary Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Beer-Sheva, Hogla street, 6, Lehavim, 85338, Beersheba, - - 2010
Periodic fever of childhood is a group of diseases that cause repeated febrile illnesses with various associated symptoms. In our article, we present the case of a 6-year-old girl with unusual appearance of periodic fever syndrome. Our patient suffered from repeated episodes of high fever from the age of 2 ...
Amodeo Matthew R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use and outcomes of outpatient antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) for infective endocarditis (IE) within the Canterbury region of New Zealand over an 8 year period. METHODS: All cases of IE admitted to Christchurch Hospital were reviewed. Prospectively collected data from our OPAT service's database and retrospective data ...
Guillemard E - - 2010
Common infectious diseases (CID) of the airways and the gastrointestinal tract are still a considerable cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly. The present study examined the beneficial effect of a dairy product containing the probiotic strain Lactobacillus casei DN-114 001 (fermented product) on the resistance of free-living elderly to ...
Vural Sema - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In view of the recent trend toward monotherapy in the treatment of febrile neutropenia, we evaluated the clinical efficacy and safety of imipenem-cilastatin versus piperacillin-tazobactam as an empiric therapy for febrile neutropenia in children with malignant diseases. METHODS: Febrile neutropenic patients received either imipenem-cilastatin or piperacillin-tazobactam randomly. Improvement without ...
Sakoulas George - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Daptomycin is most commonly used as a second-line treatment. Previous studies have not differentiated the effect of prior antibiotic therapy on daptomycin clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of patients treated with daptomycin as first-line therapy versus after prior antibiotic therapy ...
Kaya Oskay - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to search the effects of two different drugs in bacterial translocation, both in combination and alone: ursodeoxycholic acid, the effectiveness of which was evidenced previously, and ciprofloxacin, which had not been used before, in an experimental obstructive jaundiced rat model. METHODS: Fifty Wistar Albino rats were divided ...
Martínez-Pastor Juan C - - 2009
The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcome of acute prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) due to gram-negative bacilli (GNB) treated without implant removal. Patients with an acute PJI due to GNB diagnosed from 2000 to 2007 were prospectively registered. Demographics, comorbidity, type of implant, microbiology data, surgical treatment, ...
Restrepo Marcos I - - 2009
Initial treatment of nosocomial pneumonia (NP), including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), is usually empirical. The use of a broad-spectrum antibiotic regimen to treat NP-VAP that is active against suspected multidrug-resistant pathogens maximizes the likelihood of a favorable outcome. In a post hoc analysis of pooled data from 2 prospective, randomized, open-label, ...
Jang Hee-Chang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia is associated with high mortality rates, but no treatment strategy has yet been established. We performed this study to evaluate the efficacy of linezolid with or without carbapenem in salvage treatment for persistent MRSA bacteremia. METHODS: All adult patients with persistent MRSA bacteremia ...
Traversa Donato - - 2009
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the antiparasitic spot-on formulation containing imidacloprid 10%/moxidectin 1% (Advocate, Bayer) in the treatment of natural feline infection with the lungworm Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (Nematoda, Strongylida). The efficacy of Advocate administered once was tested in comparison to a ...
Naber K G - - 2009
The prospective, multicenter, double-blind study presented in this report evaluated whether or not intravenous (IV) administration of doripenem, a carbapenem with bactericidal activity against gram-negative and gram-positive uropathogens, is inferior to IV administration of levofloxacin in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI). Patients (n = 753) with complicated ...
Lech-Maranda Ewa - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The addition of cladribine to the standard regimen consisting of daunorubicin and cytarabine has been reported to increase the efficacy of induction therapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The goal of this study was to determine the effect of this modification on the incidence and spectrum of infectious complications. ...
Priotto Gerardo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT; sleeping sickness) caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense is a fatal disease. Current treatment options for patients with second-stage disease are toxic, ineffective, or impractical. We assessed the efficacy and safety of nifurtimox-eflornithine combination therapy (NECT) for second-stage disease compared with the standard eflornithine regimen. METHODS: ...
Allison Glenn W - - 2009
PURPOSE: A case of elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK) levels associated with linezolid therapy in a patient on chronic antihyperlipidemic therapy is presented. SUMMARY: A 79-year-old Caucasian man with a primary diagnosis of acute hemoptysis secondary to pneumonia was admitted to the medical-surgical intensive care unit. A chest radiograph showed a ...
Ghenghesh Khalifa Sifaw - - 2009
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are reported mainly from developed countries. In addition to this underreporting from developing countries, there is a lack of information pertaining to the virulence factors (VFs) and phylogenetic grouping of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) from DM and non-DM patients in ...
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