Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1255
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Raza Muhammad Abbas - - 2011
Cirrhotic ascites is conventionally treated with bed rest, salt restriction, and diuretics. In 20-30% of patients it eventually became resistant to diuretic therapy partly because of reduced sodium excretion owing to the development of resistance against atrial natriuretic peptide. Diuretics resistance can be overcome partially by increasing distal tubular sodium ...
Oishi Tomohiro - - 2011
Background:  This study evaluated the effect of prophylactic cefdinir (3 mg/kg given once daily) for the prevention of recurrent and complicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in pediatric patients. Methods:  The study included 14 infants who were observed for at least 6 months following the first signs of infection (eight boys, six ...
Liu Ngai - - 2011
Background: We have developed a proportional-integral-derivative controller allowing the closed-loop coadministration of propofol and remifentanil, guided by a Bispectral Index (BIS) monitor, during induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. The controller was compared with manual target-controlled infusion. Methods: In a multicenter study, 196 surgical patients were randomly assigned to dual ...
Biglarnia A-R - - 2011
Morphine-based analgesia is effective but can compromise donor safety. We investigated whether continuous infusion of local anesthetics (CILA) can provide sufficient pain control and reduce morbidity related to opiate analgesics after hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic (HARS) live donor nephrectomy. Forty consecutive live kidney donors underwent HARS and were treated with the ON-Q ...
Vanlerberghe Veerle - - 2011
To assess the operational effectiveness of long-lasting insecticide treated materials (ITMs), when used at household level, for the control of Aedes aegypti in moderately infested urban and suburban areas. In an intervention study, ITMs consisting of curtains and water jar-covers (made from PermaNet) were distributed under routine field conditions in ...
Grijalva Mario J - - 2011
This year-long study evaluated the effectiveness of a strategy involving selective deltamethrin spraying and community education for control of Chagas disease vectors in domestic units located in rural communities of coastal Ecuador. Surveys for triatomines revealed peridomestic infestation with Rhodnius ecuadoriensis and Panstrongylus howardi, with infestation indices remaining high during ...
Bhamidipati Castigliano M - - 2011
Although consensus in cardiac surgery supports tight control of perioperative hyperglycemia (glucose<120 mg/dL), recent studies in critical care suggest moderate glycemic control may be superior. We sought to determine whether tight control or moderate glycemic control is optimal after coronary artery bypass grafting. From 1995 to 2008, a total of ...
Gurfinkel Reuven - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Burns are widespread in the developed world, and expensive burn dressings are not universally available. Most burn patients suffer from a partial thickness burn that can be treated conservatively. Nevertheless, the ideal dressing for the burn wound has not been identified. We performed an animal experiment to compare the ...
Singh Bramah N - - 2010
In recent years, a major development in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) is the use of catheter ablation, and a significant number of patients may benefit from this mode of therapy. On a global scale, it may not be feasible to deal with most patients solely on the basis ...
Al-Jazairi Abdulrazaq - - 2010
The Ross procedure is safe and effective for children with aortic valve disease. Pulmonary homograft degeneration, proposed to be immune-mediated, is a major cause of reoperation. Cyclosporine increased homograft valve survival in animals, but has not been studied in humans. To investigate the efficacy of low-dose cyclosporine in preventing homograft ...
Guimarães Alessandro de Sá - - 2010
Parasitic infection is recognized worldwide as a limiting factor in the production of goats, and various control methods are used to reduce economic losses, often without considering the epidemiology of the parasites. This has led to the development of highly tolerant parasite populations and the presence of chemical residues in ...
Hutin Emilie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms altering knee flexion in hemiparetic gait may be neurological (muscle overactivity) or orthopedic (soft tissue contracture) in nature, a distinction which is difficult to ascertain clinically during gait. This study aimed to distinguish the 2 mechanisms in evaluating thigh-shank coordination, which may show instability across the gait ...
Lee Seung Soon - - 2011
As ciprofloxacin resistance rate of Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections has been increasing, concern about inappropriate empirical therapy has been arisen. We performed a retrospective cohort study to determine the impact of discordant empirical antimicrobial therapy on outcome of community-acquired bacteremic acute pyelonephritis. Among a total of 164 cases ...
Frei Christopher R - - 2010
In the United States, community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has emerged as the predominant cause of skin infections. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) and clindamycin are often used as first-line treatment options, but clinical data are lacking. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of outpatients with skin and soft tissue infections managed from ...
Kofteridis Diamantis P - - 2010
The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms is increasing. Intravenous (IV) colistin or aerosolized (AS) plus IV colistin have been recently used to treat these life-threatening infections. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of AS plus IV colistin versus IV ...
Kvitko Carlos H - - 2011
Objectives To compare the efficacy of intravenous polymyxin B with other antimicrobials in the treatment of nosocomial Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia, assessing many potential confounding factors, including optimal dosage regimens of drugs. Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed. Patients ≥18 years of age and who received appropriate therapy for ≥48 ...
Parta Mark - - 2010
To determine whether an earlier determination of staphylococcal species and their antibiotic susceptibility decreases unnecessary antistaphylococcal treatment and/or facilitates earlier appropriate treatment. We used the Xpert MRSA/SA BC system (Cepheid) for immediate determination of species and their drug susceptibility in patients whose blood cultures revealed gram-positive cocci in clusters. We ...
Rattanaumpawan Pinyo - - 2010
Cases of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are common in hospitalized patients at Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Parenteral colistimethate sodium (CMS) has been used for therapy of VAP caused by MDR A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa at Siriraj Hospital over the past few ...
Bang Jihyun - - 2011
We determined the combined effectiveness of ClO(2) (200 and 500 μg/ml, 5 min), air drying [25 °C, 40% relative humidity (RH), 2 h], and mild dry heat (55 °C, 23% RH, up to 48 h) treatments in killing total aerobic bacteria (TAB), Escherichia coli O157:H7, and molds and yeasts (MY) ...
Corey G Ralph - - 2010
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a common cause of complicated skin and skin-structure infection (cSSSI). Increasing antimicrobial resistance in cSSSI has led to a need for new safe and effective therapies. Ceftaroline was evaluated as treatment for cSSSI in 2 identical phase 3 clinical trials, the pooled analysis of which ...
Shivbalan So - - 2010
A 3 year old child was brought with fever, left parotid swelling and altered sensorium. Cultures from blood, pus and throat swab grew Burkholderia pseudomallei. A diagnosis of septicemic melioidosis with encephalopathy was made. She recovered following treatment with parenteral ceftazidime for 14 days, and 6 months of oral co ...
Böcher S - - 2010
In the aftermath of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ST22 hospital outbreak, we investigated the prevalence of long-term carriage, the efficacy of MRSA decolonization treatment (DT) and the spread of MRSA to households of patients and healthcare workers (HCWs). Furthermore, we evaluated the efficacy of repeated DT in long-term MRSA ...
Wood G Christopher - - 2010
To report a case of recurrent Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) that was successfully treated with doxycycline and aerosolized colistin. A 28-year-old male was admitted with a severe head injury and required mechanical ventilation. The patient developed S. maltophilia VAP on hospital day 17, which was cured after 7 days ...
Marom Tal - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare and evaluate the efficacy and safety of a foam-based antibiotic formulation in the treatment of acute otitis externa (AOE) with the more conventional solution-based formulation. STUDY DESIGN: Phase 2, open-label, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Multicenter. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-three eligible adult patients with unilateral AOE were randomly ...
Shim H J - - 2010
Although many bacteriological studies on preoperative otorrhea in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) have been performed, there are few studies on postoperative otorrhea. In this study, we analyzed the pathogenic microorganisms, changes in the bacterial species before and after surgery, and the antibiotic sensitivity on preoperative and postoperative ...
Matsumoto Tetsuro - - 2011
Fosfomycin calcium is a fosfomycin antimicrobial agent with a characteristic structure. After oral administration, the drug is absorbed and excreted via the kidneys in the unchanged form, without being metabolized in the body. It is, therefore, indicated for the treatment of urinary tract diseases, including cystitis and pyelonephritis. In the ...
Casserly Paula - - 2010
Transient bacteremia is induced by adenoidectomy when the integrity of the nasopharyngeal membrane is broken. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of bacteremia in patients undergoing adenoidectomy, to identify the causative organisms, and to compare the incidences of bacteremia between the two techniques suction diathermy and ...
Olby N J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common complication in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Dogs with acute intervertebral disc extrusion (IVDE) have similar risk factors for UTI when compared with human SCI patients and have a high perioperative prevalence of UTI. OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of UTI in ...
Healy David G - - 2011
Preoperative methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage is associated with higher rates of postoperative MRSA infection. Carriage can be eradicated but this requires delaying surgery, which presents a dilemma when the surgery is urgent. We analysed the incidence of preoperative MRSA carriage and the impact on postoperative outcomes in a cardiac ...
Nouira Semir - - 2010
BACKGROUND. Although the use of antibiotics in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is largely accepted, controversy remains regarding whether the choice of antibiotic has any impact on outcome. Our aim was to compare the effects of the combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin ...
Vila Teresa Ojeda - - 2010
To evaluate topical bimatoprost for eyelash growth in patients with alopecia areata (AA). A 1-year retrospective study, bilateral eyelash alopecia. Forty-one subjects with AA universalis without ocular disease applied 0.03% bimatoprost to the eyelid margin once a day over the course of 1 year. Thirty-seven subjects completed the study, one ...
Lahoti Brijesh K - - 2010
Report of our experience with topical feracrylum citrate to minimize hemorrhage-related complications in pediatric hypospadiac patients. One hundred and fifty consecutive pediatric hypospadiac patients over 3 years (75 in study group and 75 controls - random allocation) were studied. One hundred milliliter of 1% feracrylum citrate solution was used in ...
Ceran Nurgul - - 2010
Uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most frequent infections in females. Increased resistance rates against commonly used antibiotics have led to the use of novel antimicrobials. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the bacteriological and clinical effects of single-dose fosfomycin trometamol (FMT) and 5-day ciprofloxacin ...
Crompton Jason A - - 2010
Recent recommendations by the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus suggest the use of alternative agents when vancomycin MIC values are >or=2 mg/L. This study examines the outcome of patients treated with daptomycin for S. aureus infections with documented vancomycin MICs. All patients with skin, ...
Lee Ching-Chi - - 2010
Enterobacter cloacae is an important nosocomial pathogen. However, few studies specifically dealing with the clinical characteristics and outcome of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. cloacae infections have been published. During an 8-year period in a medical center, of 610 E. cloacae bacteremic isolates, 138 (22.6%) with ESBL genes were designated the ...
Takahashi Y - - 2010
The aim of this study was to confirm the effect of implementing a hospital-wide project for appropriate use of antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) to reduce the rate of antibiotic-resistant organisms. Fifteen different manuals for each surgical department have been simultaneously implemented since February 2007. Compliance rate was compared between pre- and ...
Miller Mark - - 2010
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has become an increasingly important healthcare-associated complication in many countries. CDI outbreaks, a new 'hypervirulent' form and increased worldwide rates have underscored four urgent unmet needs for this disease: i) effective prevention of CDI; ii) therapies to produce faster resolution of CDI ...
Goldberg Elad - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of co-trimoxazole versus that of vancomycin in adults with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective matched cohort study. Thirty-eight patients with MRSA bacteraemia, treated with co-trimoxazole as the main therapeutic agent, were matched with 76 patients treated with vancomycin as ...
Otranto D - - 2010
Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are highly prevalent and increasing in distribution worldwide. A longitudinal study was conducted in southern Italy to determine the incidence of and protection against CVBD-causing pathogens in dogs treated with a combination of imidacloprid 10% and permethrin 50% (ImPer). One hundred eleven autochthonous young dogs were ...
Chaftari Anne-Marie - - 2010
Excessive vancomycin usage has contributed to the emergence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci, and a high vancomycin minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) >1.0 microg/mL has been associated with poor outcome in patients with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. In view of these limitations, there is a need for an alternative agent. We evaluated ...
Huff W E - - 2010
A study was conducted to determine if prior exposure with bacteriophage would limit the ability of the same bacteriophage to treat colibacillosis. There were 5 treatments with 3 replicate pens of 20 birds per pen. The treatments consisted of 1) control, 2) birds treated with bacteriophage at 10 and 17 ...
Saïdani Mabrouka - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although non- diphtherial corynebacteria are ubiquitous in nature and commonly colonize the skin and mucous membranes of humans, they rarely account for clinical infections. AIM: we report a case of infection due to non- diphtherial corynebacteria, Corynebacterium propinquum. CASE: A Tunisian male patient of 67 years old was admitted ...
Eagye Kathryn J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Ertapenem exposure has been reported to select for cross-resistance to other carbapenems in Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro. Single-center investigations report conflicting results. We evaluated ertapenem use and antipseudomonal carbapenem susceptibility for 6 years spanning the time of ertapenem adoption at each of 25 US hospitals. DESIGN: Retrospective primary and ...
Dussias Peter - - 2010
In this article, we investigate the range of treatments prescribed for fibromyalgia. The data suggest that the majority of those treated, 82 percent, receive only one pharmaceutical. An additional 12 percent of patients were prescribed two products and six percent received three products. Pregabalin (Lyrica(R)) monotherapy was the most commonly ...
Aiken Chris B CB Dr. Aiken is Director, Mood Treatment Center, and Instructor in Clinical Psychiatry, Wake Forest University School of Medicine Winston-Salem, North - - 2010
To investigate the safety of rechallenge with lamotrigine after an initial rash in patients with refractory bipolar depression. 1) Prospective, open-label case series in a private practice setting. Patients who developed an initial rash on lamotrigine and were refractory to other treatments were offered rechallenge with the drug using very-low-dose ...
Oztoprak Nefise - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Empirical beta-lactam monotherapy has become the standard therapy in febrile neutropenia. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of piperacillin-tazobactam versus carbapenem therapy with or without amikacin in adult patients with febrile neutropenia. METHODS: In this prospective, open, single-center study, 127 episodes were randomized ...
Veronesi Fabrizia - - 2010
A study was carried out to assess the field efficacy of moxidectin (MOX) against Parascaris equorum in foals. A total of 70 foals from 2 Italian thoroughbred (Farms 1 and 2) stud farms and one trotter stud farm (Farm 3), aged 3-5 months and with faecal egg counts (FEC) f>or=300 ...
Ozdil Burhan - - 2010
This study investigates the potential benefits of antibiotics and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a mucolytic agent, in patients who are candidates for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) due to partial bile duct obstruction. In total, 102 patients who had choledocholithiasis and choledochal dilatations by abdominal ultrasonography were included in the study. The patients ...
Perez-Jorge Emilio V - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus (SA) bacteremia (SAB) is associated with a high rate of complications, most of which are related to hematogenous seeding into deep tissues or prosthetic material. SA bacteriuria (SABU) has been described in association with SAB, but has not been evaluated as a predictor for complicated ...
Rubén Enríquez-Casillas - - 2010
Scleroderma is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder that is characterized by microvascular injury, excessive fibrosis of the skin, and distinctive visceral changes that can involve the lungs, heart, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract. To date, although several drugs have been used to reduce fibrosis in scleroderma, there exists no effective pharmacological ...
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