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Results 151 - 200 of 1227
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Kim Young Soo - - 2011
In this study, we investigated the effects of total ginseng saponin (TGS) on the cutaneous wound healing process using histological analysis. A total of 24 ICR mice, 5-weeks-old, were used for all in vivo experiments. Mice were divided into control and TGS-treated groups and four equidistant 1-cm full-thickness dorsal incisional ...
Venick Robert S - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: Advances in intestinal transplantation (ITx) have resulted in improved survival and the opportunity to examine nutritional outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe detailed, long-term nutritional results and identify positive predictors of growth and weight gain following pediatric ITx. METHODS.: A single-center retrospective, Institutional Review Board-approved review ...
Driscoll Mark - - 2012
Fusionless growth modulation is an attractive alternative to conventional treatments of idiopathic scoliosis. To date, fusionless devices achieve unilateral growth modulation by compressing the intervertebral disc. This study explores a device to control spinal alignment and vertebral morphology via growth modulation while excluding the disc in a porcine model. A ...
Asaro Christopher - - 2011
Regeneration pests of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) threaten growth and survival in intensively managed loblolly pine plantations throughout the southeastern United States. The Nantucket pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock), in particular, often reduces growth of loblolly pine but has been difficult to control with traditional insecticides due to ...
Ferrera Isabel - - 2011
Growth is one of the basic attributes of any living organism. Surprisingly, the growth rates of marine bacterioplankton are only poorly known. Current data suggest that marine bacteria grow relatively slowly, having generation times of several days. However, some bacterial groups, such as the aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic (AAP) bacteria, have ...
Stuckey B G A - - 2011
Background  Postpartum thyroid dysfunction (PPTD) is characterized by an early hyperthyroid phase followed, with peak prevalence at 6 months, by a hypothyroid phase which carries a risk of long-term hypothyroidism. Iodine has a major effect on thyroid function. Western Australia has previously been shown to be iodine replete. Objective  To examine ...
Bohluli Behnam - - 2011
The behavior of trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) during maxillofacial surgeries has not yet been sufficiently studied and knowledge of its behavior is limited to some case reports. The present study aimed to assess the occurrence of TCR in bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy and to determine the possible effect of Gow-Gates ...
Lind Martin - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is used to treat medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. HTO shifts the weight-bearing line from the medial compartment into the lateral compartment. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional biomechanical consequences of this alteration in alignment. METHODS: ...
French Helen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The duration of use of azathioprine (Aza) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) for maintaining remission for Crohn's disease is debatable. AIM: To examine whether Aza/6-MP can be safely withdrawn in patients with Crohn's disease who have been in remission. METHODS: The following databases were searched: MEDLINE (1950-September 2010), EMBASE (1980-September 2010), ...
Sankar Wudbhav N - - 2011
No controlled data exists regarding the risk factors for redislocation after a technically proficient open reduction for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purposes of this study were to examine predictors of redislocation and to evaluate the long-term outcomes after revision surgery. We performed a retrospective match-controlled study comparing ...
Grant Ryan A - - 2011
Object Myelomeningocele (MMC) is characterized by a defect in caudal neurulation and appears at birth with a constellation of neuroanatomical abnormalities, including Chiari malformation Type II. The authors investigated the effects of antenatal versus postnatal repair of MMC through a quantitative analysis of morphometric changes in the posterior fossa (PF). ...
Mueller Mario H - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative ileus is characterized by infiltrates of leukocytes in the gut wall 24 h after surgery, which is subject to vagal modulation. We hypothesized that vagal modulation is irrelevant during earlier hours of postoperative ileus and aimed to determine whether afferent neuronal feedback to the central nervous system is altered ...
Keng Feng-Yi - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to conduct a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the rate of space closure and tooth angulation during maxillary canine retraction using preactivated T-loops made from titanium-molybdenum alloy (TMA) and nickel-titanium (NiTi). Twelve patients (six males and six females) aged between 13 and ...
Kim Yong H - - 2011
Background: In this study, we tested the efficacy of several neuromuscular monitoring modes at the P6 acupuncture point for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Methods: In this prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 264 women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy were evaluated for PONV. Neuromuscular blockade was monitored by acceleromyography with 1-Hz ...
Daeschlein Georg - - 2011
Surgical gloves provide a protective barrier for patients and members of the surgical team. Although glove integrity is important in an era of blood-borne pathogens, little data exist on bacterial passage after glove perforation. This study evaluated the impact of antimicrobial surgical gloves in reducing microbial passage after glove puncture ...
Coura Luiz Eduardo Faria - - 2011
This study aims to evaluate the effects of preoperative electroacupuncture (EA) on the need for opioids in the postoperative stage of conventional cardiac surgery. A prospective, randomised and controlled study was conducted at Unimed Hospital Centre in Joinville, SC, Brazil. The day before the surgery, 32 patients undergoing cardiac surgery ...
Mrowczynski Wojciech - - 2011
The study aim was to assess the growth potential and function of the tricuspid valve (TV) annulus after annuloplasty with the intra-annular biodegradable ring. Among 11 children (median age 4.5 years; age range: 0.2-10.9 years) who underwent surgery for severe congenital TV regurgitation, valve repair was completed using a biodegradable ...
Mann Elizabeth A - - 2011
The optimal method for glycemic control in the critically burned patient is unknown. The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to determine the safety and efficacy of computer decision support software (CDSS) to control serum glucose concentration in a burn intensive care unit. Eighteen adult burn/trauma patients receiving continuous ...
Maffessanti Francesco - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography has been shown useful in the evaluation of the mitral valve (MV) apparatus, and dedicated commercial software allows its quantitative assessment. The aims of this study were to (1) quantify the effects induced by prolapse on MV anatomy in the presence of fibroelastic deficiency ...
Howells Brooke E - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether lower limb postural control is restored in patients following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery when compared to healthy controls. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. Electronic databases including Medline, Embase, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL were searched from the earliest ...
Wong Christian Alexander - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the long-term effects of successful slow maxillary expansion without fixed appliances or retainers in the mixed dentition on patients with unilateral crossbites, using Haas-type, hyrax, or quad helix appliances. Materials and Methods: Serial dental casts of 110 patients were evaluated at three time points: preexpansion (T1) ...
Dall'olio Elena - - 2011
Erosive pustular dermatosis of the leg is an unusual form of sterile pustulosis that typically affects the lower limbs of elderly patients. We report the cases of two women who developed erythematous skin plaques with pustules that coalesced and evolved into erosions and crusted areas. Histology showed epidermal spongiosis with ...
Raza Muhammad Abbas - - 2011
Cirrhotic ascites is conventionally treated with bed rest, salt restriction, and diuretics. In 20-30% of patients it eventually became resistant to diuretic therapy partly because of reduced sodium excretion owing to the development of resistance against atrial natriuretic peptide. Diuretics resistance can be overcome partially by increasing distal tubular sodium ...
Oishi Tomohiro - - 2011
Background:  This study evaluated the effect of prophylactic cefdinir (3 mg/kg given once daily) for the prevention of recurrent and complicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in pediatric patients. Methods:  The study included 14 infants who were observed for at least 6 months following the first signs of infection (eight boys, six ...
Liu Ngai - - 2011
Background: We have developed a proportional-integral-derivative controller allowing the closed-loop coadministration of propofol and remifentanil, guided by a Bispectral Index (BIS) monitor, during induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. The controller was compared with manual target-controlled infusion. Methods: In a multicenter study, 196 surgical patients were randomly assigned to dual ...
Biglarnia A-R - - 2011
Morphine-based analgesia is effective but can compromise donor safety. We investigated whether continuous infusion of local anesthetics (CILA) can provide sufficient pain control and reduce morbidity related to opiate analgesics after hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic (HARS) live donor nephrectomy. Forty consecutive live kidney donors underwent HARS and were treated with the ON-Q ...
Vanlerberghe Veerle - - 2011
To assess the operational effectiveness of long-lasting insecticide treated materials (ITMs), when used at household level, for the control of Aedes aegypti in moderately infested urban and suburban areas. In an intervention study, ITMs consisting of curtains and water jar-covers (made from PermaNet) were distributed under routine field conditions in ...
Grijalva Mario J - - 2011
This year-long study evaluated the effectiveness of a strategy involving selective deltamethrin spraying and community education for control of Chagas disease vectors in domestic units located in rural communities of coastal Ecuador. Surveys for triatomines revealed peridomestic infestation with Rhodnius ecuadoriensis and Panstrongylus howardi, with infestation indices remaining high during ...
Bhamidipati Castigliano M - - 2011
Although consensus in cardiac surgery supports tight control of perioperative hyperglycemia (glucose<120 mg/dL), recent studies in critical care suggest moderate glycemic control may be superior. We sought to determine whether tight control or moderate glycemic control is optimal after coronary artery bypass grafting. From 1995 to 2008, a total of ...
Gurfinkel Reuven - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Burns are widespread in the developed world, and expensive burn dressings are not universally available. Most burn patients suffer from a partial thickness burn that can be treated conservatively. Nevertheless, the ideal dressing for the burn wound has not been identified. We performed an animal experiment to compare the ...
Singh Bramah N - - 2010
In recent years, a major development in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) is the use of catheter ablation, and a significant number of patients may benefit from this mode of therapy. On a global scale, it may not be feasible to deal with most patients solely on the basis ...
Al-Jazairi Abdulrazaq - - 2010
The Ross procedure is safe and effective for children with aortic valve disease. Pulmonary homograft degeneration, proposed to be immune-mediated, is a major cause of reoperation. Cyclosporine increased homograft valve survival in animals, but has not been studied in humans. To investigate the efficacy of low-dose cyclosporine in preventing homograft ...
Guimarães Alessandro de Sá - - 2010
Parasitic infection is recognized worldwide as a limiting factor in the production of goats, and various control methods are used to reduce economic losses, often without considering the epidemiology of the parasites. This has led to the development of highly tolerant parasite populations and the presence of chemical residues in ...
Hutin Emilie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms altering knee flexion in hemiparetic gait may be neurological (muscle overactivity) or orthopedic (soft tissue contracture) in nature, a distinction which is difficult to ascertain clinically during gait. This study aimed to distinguish the 2 mechanisms in evaluating thigh-shank coordination, which may show instability across the gait ...
Lee Seung Soon - - 2011
As ciprofloxacin resistance rate of Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections has been increasing, concern about inappropriate empirical therapy has been arisen. We performed a retrospective cohort study to determine the impact of discordant empirical antimicrobial therapy on outcome of community-acquired bacteremic acute pyelonephritis. Among a total of 164 cases ...
Frei Christopher R - - 2010
In the United States, community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has emerged as the predominant cause of skin infections. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) and clindamycin are often used as first-line treatment options, but clinical data are lacking. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of outpatients with skin and soft tissue infections managed from ...
Kofteridis Diamantis P - - 2010
The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms is increasing. Intravenous (IV) colistin or aerosolized (AS) plus IV colistin have been recently used to treat these life-threatening infections. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of AS plus IV colistin versus IV ...
Kvitko Carlos H - - 2011
Objectives To compare the efficacy of intravenous polymyxin B with other antimicrobials in the treatment of nosocomial Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia, assessing many potential confounding factors, including optimal dosage regimens of drugs. Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed. Patients ≥18 years of age and who received appropriate therapy for ≥48 ...
Parta Mark - - 2010
To determine whether an earlier determination of staphylococcal species and their antibiotic susceptibility decreases unnecessary antistaphylococcal treatment and/or facilitates earlier appropriate treatment. We used the Xpert MRSA/SA BC system (Cepheid) for immediate determination of species and their drug susceptibility in patients whose blood cultures revealed gram-positive cocci in clusters. We ...
Rattanaumpawan Pinyo - - 2010
Cases of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are common in hospitalized patients at Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Parenteral colistimethate sodium (CMS) has been used for therapy of VAP caused by MDR A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa at Siriraj Hospital over the past few ...
Bang Jihyun - - 2011
We determined the combined effectiveness of ClO(2) (200 and 500 μg/ml, 5 min), air drying [25 °C, 40% relative humidity (RH), 2 h], and mild dry heat (55 °C, 23% RH, up to 48 h) treatments in killing total aerobic bacteria (TAB), Escherichia coli O157:H7, and molds and yeasts (MY) ...
Corey G Ralph - - 2010
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a common cause of complicated skin and skin-structure infection (cSSSI). Increasing antimicrobial resistance in cSSSI has led to a need for new safe and effective therapies. Ceftaroline was evaluated as treatment for cSSSI in 2 identical phase 3 clinical trials, the pooled analysis of which ...
Shivbalan So - - 2010
A 3 year old child was brought with fever, left parotid swelling and altered sensorium. Cultures from blood, pus and throat swab grew Burkholderia pseudomallei. A diagnosis of septicemic melioidosis with encephalopathy was made. She recovered following treatment with parenteral ceftazidime for 14 days, and 6 months of oral co ...
Böcher S - - 2010
In the aftermath of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ST22 hospital outbreak, we investigated the prevalence of long-term carriage, the efficacy of MRSA decolonization treatment (DT) and the spread of MRSA to households of patients and healthcare workers (HCWs). Furthermore, we evaluated the efficacy of repeated DT in long-term MRSA ...
Wood G Christopher - - 2010
To report a case of recurrent Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) that was successfully treated with doxycycline and aerosolized colistin. A 28-year-old male was admitted with a severe head injury and required mechanical ventilation. The patient developed S. maltophilia VAP on hospital day 17, which was cured after 7 days ...
Marom Tal - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare and evaluate the efficacy and safety of a foam-based antibiotic formulation in the treatment of acute otitis externa (AOE) with the more conventional solution-based formulation. STUDY DESIGN: Phase 2, open-label, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Multicenter. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-three eligible adult patients with unilateral AOE were randomly ...
Shim H J - - 2010
Although many bacteriological studies on preoperative otorrhea in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) have been performed, there are few studies on postoperative otorrhea. In this study, we analyzed the pathogenic microorganisms, changes in the bacterial species before and after surgery, and the antibiotic sensitivity on preoperative and postoperative ...
Matsumoto Tetsuro - - 2011
Fosfomycin calcium is a fosfomycin antimicrobial agent with a characteristic structure. After oral administration, the drug is absorbed and excreted via the kidneys in the unchanged form, without being metabolized in the body. It is, therefore, indicated for the treatment of urinary tract diseases, including cystitis and pyelonephritis. In the ...
Casserly Paula - - 2010
Transient bacteremia is induced by adenoidectomy when the integrity of the nasopharyngeal membrane is broken. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of bacteremia in patients undergoing adenoidectomy, to identify the causative organisms, and to compare the incidences of bacteremia between the two techniques suction diathermy and ...
Olby N J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common complication in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Dogs with acute intervertebral disc extrusion (IVDE) have similar risk factors for UTI when compared with human SCI patients and have a high perioperative prevalence of UTI. OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of UTI in ...
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