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Gautam Rupali - - 2012
Background: The great toe helps in maintaining body balance during standing, walking, running, dancing, and so on.Case Description and Methods: A 22 year-old female patient reported to the department, one month after losing her left hallux in a road accident. Anatomical reconstruction was performed with distraction osteogenesis. The prosthesis was ...
Pijls B G - - 2012
This single-blinded randomised controlled trial investigated whether one design of mobile-bearing (MB) total knee replacement (TKR) has any advantage over a fixed-bearing (FB) design on long-term fixation as measured by radiostereometry. The amount of wear underneath the mobile bearing was also evaluated. A series of 42 knees was randomised to ...
- - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. 120 in vol. 6, PMID: 22754436.][This corrects the article on p. 195 in vol. 6.][This corrects the article on p. 305 in vol. 6.].
Van de Groes Sebastiaan - - 2012
Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) is commonly used to assess prosthetic stability as a predictor of the long-term clinical outcome of new total hip systems. Although the RSA technique is very accurate, it may not be trivial to interpret migration rates into clinical outcome, as critical migration rates depend heavily on ...
Pakvis Dean - - 2012
The acetabular component has remained the weakest link in hip arthroplasty regarding achievement of long-term survival. Primary fixation is a prerequisite for long-term performance. For this reason, we investigated the stability of a unique cementless titanium-coated elastic monoblock socket and the influence of supplementary screw fixation. During 2006-2008, we performed ...
Pivec Robert - - 2012
Total hip arthroplasty is a cost-effective surgical procedure undertaken to relieve pain and restore function to the arthritic hip joint. More than 1 million arthroplasties are done every year worldwide, and this number is projected to double within the next two decades. Symptomatic osteoarthritis is the indication for surgery in ...
Canavese Federico - - 2012
This study evaluated the outcome of severe cerebral palsy patients (Gross Motor Function Classification System level IV and V) treated by simultaneous percutaneous pelvic osteotomy and intertrochanteric varus shortening osteotomy for hip subluxation or dislocation between 2002 and 2011. Twenty-four patients (30 hips) with an average age of 9.4 years ...
Hwang Kyu-Tae - - 2012
PURPOSE: The long-term results of a bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head have not been favorable. The causes have been attributed to cup migration and osteolysis or groin pain. The purpose of this study was to analyze the long-term outcomes and the survivorships of bipolar hemiarthroplasty ...
Petrucci Olga - - 2012
The historical floods that have occurred since the seventeenth century were collected for a study area in southern Italy. Damages caused by floods, rainfall and the main anthropogenic modifications are discussed all together. The aim was to assess whether the frequency of floods is changing and, if so, whether these ...
Eveborn Gry Wisthus - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence, incidence, prognosis and progression of degenerative valvular aortic stenosis (AS). SETTING: The Tromsø Study and the University Hospital of North Norway. DESIGN: Population based prospective study. POPULATION: Over a 14 year span we performed three repeated echocardiographic examinations (1994, 2001 and 2008) of a random sample ...
Saliba Zakhia - - 2012
Percutaneous closure of the patent ductus is the gold standard therapy. Our aim was to analyze our failures between 2001 and 2010. All patients over 5 kg benefited from a transcatheter attempt at duct closure. Coils and Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) I were used before 2008, and ADO I and ...
Cho Yeoungjee Y Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, Adelaide, - - 2013
The impact of climatic variations on peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis has not been studied in detail. The aim of the current study was to determine whether various climatic zones influenced the probability of occurrence or the clinical outcomes of peritonitis. Using ANZDATA registry data, the study included all Australian patients ...
Nunag Perrico P Department of Orthopaedics, Golden Jubilee National Hospital, Agamemnon Street, Clydebank, Dunbartonshire, - - 2012
We performed a radiologic assessment of the Trident Peripheral Self-Locking cup 2 years after implantation to assess early migration behaviour and to establish if incomplete postoperative seating correlated with early instability. A retrospective analysis of 30 cases was performed using EBRA. No cups had acetabular screws. Average total migration was ...
Macones George A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess whether early amniotomy reduces the duration of labor or increases the proportion of subjects who are delivered within 24 hours in nulliparous patients who undergo labor induction. We performed a randomized controlled trial that compared early amniotomy to standard management in nulliparous ...
Gaughan James - - 2012
We analyse variations in cost or length of stay (LoS) for 66,587 patients from 10 European countries receiving a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedure. In five of these countries, variations in cost are analysed using log-linear models. In the other five countries, negative binomial regression models are used to ...
Martínez-Sánchez Gregorio - - 2012
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of sudden death, and death of people over 20 years of age. Because ozone therapy can activate the antioxidant system and improve blood circulation and oxygen delivery to tissue, the aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of ...
Yoshida Shuntaro - - 2012
AIM: Stent migration due to peristalsis of the colon is one of the unresolved complications of colonic self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement. Axial force (AF), a recovery force of the stent to a straight position after bending, has been considered a factor influencing the conformability of the digestive tract. An ...
Lee Hui Jin - - 2013
To compare a split lumen (SLC) with the standard dual-tip hemodialysis catheter (DTC). The patients who underwent DTC insertion or SLC insertion were enrolled. Initial catheter dwell times (ICDT) and catheter-related complications were compared. SLC (n=80) and DTC (n=133) were enrolled. ICDT was 71.94 days (SLC) and 68.55 days (DTC) ...
Defilipp Zachariah - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is a major postoperative complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Oral replacement can fail to correct the deficiency. Thus, recourse to parenteral iron administration might be necessary. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a standardized 2 g intravenous iron dextran infusion in the ...
Boci B - - 2012
Purpose: To assess short and midterm results with consistent use of indwelling voice prostheses (Provox 1 and Provox 2 valves) for vocal rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. Methods: From May 2008 to June 2010 106 patients (104 men, 2 women, median age 62.32 years) with total laryngectomy underwent vocal prosthesis insertion ...
Bajwa Sukhwinder Kaur - - 2012
Misoprostol is a versatile drug with an effective uterotonic effect on the postpartum uterine tissue and is used through various routes during the third stage of labor. A randomized prospective study was carried out to analyze the most effective route for misoprostol administration, with an emphasis on parturients' acceptability and ...
Fernandes André Maurício S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Valvar heart disease is an important public health problem, more common in developing countries, especially in younger. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiological features of patients and its influence on the prosthesis type choice used on patients who underwent valve surgery. METHODS: Cross-sectional. Data such as age, sex, provenance, surgery ...
Yoshikawa Takeshi - - 2012
Deferasirox is a new oral iron chelator used to treat transfusional iron overload. We describe a case of a 79-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who developed esophagitis induced by deferasirox. He repeatedly received multiple red blood cell transfusions after a diagnosis of MDS. Two years after starting red blood ...
Sabir Hemmen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether increased inspired oxygen and/or hypocarbia during the first 6 hours of life are associated with adverse outcome at 18 months in term neonates treated with therapeutic hypothermia. STUDY DESIGN: Blood gas values and ventilatory settings were monitored hourly in 61 newborns for 6 hours after birth. ...
Raman Vidya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Over the past 5 years, there has been a change in the clinical practice of pediatric anesthesiology with a transition to the use of cuffed instead of uncuffed endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in infants and children. As the trachea is sealed, one advantage is to eliminate the contamination of the ...
Schoorl M - - 2012
Introduction:  In the case of inflammation, imbalance of iron homoeostasis is caused by increased retention of iron within cells of the reticuloendothelial system. Iron-restricted erythropoiesis occurs because of decreased availability of iron for haemoglobin (Hb) synthesis in erythroid progenitor cells. Deviations in reticulocyte haemoglobin (Ret-He) content are investigated together with ...
Friedman Richard J RJ Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Roper Hospital; Clinical Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston; and Medical Director of Charleston Orthopaedic - - 2012
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is reduced by the use of thromboprophylactics, such as vitamin K antagonists, low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), or fondaparinux. However, these agents have a number of limitations that constrain their use and increase the clinical and ...
Nakagama Yu - - 2012
Glucose transporter 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS) is an autosomal dominant disorder of brain energy metabolism caused by impaired GLUT1-mediated glucose transport across the blood-brain barrier. Although the clinical spectrum of this disorder is expanding rapidly, the growth patterns and endocrine status of these patients are not well known. We report ...
Casaburi Richard - - 2012
Abstract Lightweight ambulatory oxygen devices are provided on the assumptions that they enhance compliance and increase activity, but data to support these assumptions are lacking. We studied 22 patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receiving long-term oxygen therapy (14 men, average age = 66.9 y, FEV(1) = 33.6%pred, PaO(2) ...
Kwiatkowski Janet L - - 2012
Morbidity and mortality in thalassemia are associated with iron burden. Recent advances in organ-specific iron imaging and the availability of oral deferasirox are expected to improve clinical care, but the extent of use of these resources and current chelation practices have not been well described. In the present study, we ...
- - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. 499 in vol. 6, PMID: 22927746.].
- - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. 1579 in vol. 6, PMID: 23055682.].
Vera J - - 2012
Purpose of the study: Fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) and single-tablet regimens (STRs) may reduce complete non-adherence (CNA) but also have the potential additional benefit of avoiding partial non-adherence (PNA) (some but not all drugs taken). We test this hypothesis and then estimate the impact of PNA-free regimen (STRs) on clinical and ...
Takahashi Shotaro - - 2011
PURPOSE: To identify the optimum follow-up period for pure ground-glass nodules (GGN) measuring less than 15 mm in diameter, and to evaluate whether the initial HRCT findings can be used as predictors for the progression of pure GGN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 pure GGNs present in 111 patients ...
Hutchinson E F - - 2011
Quantification of skeletal data has been shown to be an effective and reliable method of demonstrating variation in human growth as well as for monitoring and interpreting growth. In South Africa as well as internationally, few researchers have assessed mandibular growth in late fetal period and early childhood and therefore ...
De Blasi M - - 2011
Vitrification of in vitro-matured oocytes has important applications in fertility preservation and management of genetic resources. However, despite the increasing interest, the efficiency of oocyte vitrification needs to be improved. It was demonstrated that under stressful conditions of cryopreserving pig oocytes accumulate reactive oxygen species (ROS; Gupta et al. 2010 ...
Badger Stephen A - - 2011
The management of small abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is by ultrasound surveillance. The study aimed to calculate their growth rate, identify risk factors and determine appropriate screening intervals. The local screening programme and hospital records were used to identify patients with a small (< 5.5 cm) AAA. The dates and ...
Kim Young Soo - - 2011
In this study, we investigated the effects of total ginseng saponin (TGS) on the cutaneous wound healing process using histological analysis. A total of 24 ICR mice, 5-weeks-old, were used for all in vivo experiments. Mice were divided into control and TGS-treated groups and four equidistant 1-cm full-thickness dorsal incisional ...
Venick Robert S - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: Advances in intestinal transplantation (ITx) have resulted in improved survival and the opportunity to examine nutritional outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe detailed, long-term nutritional results and identify positive predictors of growth and weight gain following pediatric ITx. METHODS.: A single-center retrospective, Institutional Review Board-approved review ...
Driscoll Mark - - 2012
Fusionless growth modulation is an attractive alternative to conventional treatments of idiopathic scoliosis. To date, fusionless devices achieve unilateral growth modulation by compressing the intervertebral disc. This study explores a device to control spinal alignment and vertebral morphology via growth modulation while excluding the disc in a porcine model. A ...
Asaro Christopher - - 2011
Regeneration pests of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) threaten growth and survival in intensively managed loblolly pine plantations throughout the southeastern United States. The Nantucket pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock), in particular, often reduces growth of loblolly pine but has been difficult to control with traditional insecticides due to ...
Ferrera Isabel - - 2011
Growth is one of the basic attributes of any living organism. Surprisingly, the growth rates of marine bacterioplankton are only poorly known. Current data suggest that marine bacteria grow relatively slowly, having generation times of several days. However, some bacterial groups, such as the aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic (AAP) bacteria, have ...
Stuckey B G A - - 2011
Background  Postpartum thyroid dysfunction (PPTD) is characterized by an early hyperthyroid phase followed, with peak prevalence at 6 months, by a hypothyroid phase which carries a risk of long-term hypothyroidism. Iodine has a major effect on thyroid function. Western Australia has previously been shown to be iodine replete. Objective  To examine ...
Bohluli Behnam - - 2011
The behavior of trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) during maxillofacial surgeries has not yet been sufficiently studied and knowledge of its behavior is limited to some case reports. The present study aimed to assess the occurrence of TCR in bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy and to determine the possible effect of Gow-Gates ...
Lind Martin - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is used to treat medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. HTO shifts the weight-bearing line from the medial compartment into the lateral compartment. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional biomechanical consequences of this alteration in alignment. METHODS: ...
French Helen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The duration of use of azathioprine (Aza) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) for maintaining remission for Crohn's disease is debatable. AIM: To examine whether Aza/6-MP can be safely withdrawn in patients with Crohn's disease who have been in remission. METHODS: The following databases were searched: MEDLINE (1950-September 2010), EMBASE (1980-September 2010), ...
Sankar Wudbhav N - - 2011
No controlled data exists regarding the risk factors for redislocation after a technically proficient open reduction for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purposes of this study were to examine predictors of redislocation and to evaluate the long-term outcomes after revision surgery. We performed a retrospective match-controlled study comparing ...
Grant Ryan A - - 2011
Object Myelomeningocele (MMC) is characterized by a defect in caudal neurulation and appears at birth with a constellation of neuroanatomical abnormalities, including Chiari malformation Type II. The authors investigated the effects of antenatal versus postnatal repair of MMC through a quantitative analysis of morphometric changes in the posterior fossa (PF). ...
Mueller Mario H - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative ileus is characterized by infiltrates of leukocytes in the gut wall 24 h after surgery, which is subject to vagal modulation. We hypothesized that vagal modulation is irrelevant during earlier hours of postoperative ileus and aimed to determine whether afferent neuronal feedback to the central nervous system is altered ...
Keng Feng-Yi - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to conduct a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the rate of space closure and tooth angulation during maxillary canine retraction using preactivated T-loops made from titanium-molybdenum alloy (TMA) and nickel-titanium (NiTi). Twelve patients (six males and six females) aged between 13 and ...
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