Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1253
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Saliba Zakhia - - 2012
Percutaneous closure of the patent ductus is the gold standard therapy. Our aim was to analyze our failures between 2001 and 2010. All patients over 5 kg benefited from a transcatheter attempt at duct closure. Coils and Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) I were used before 2008, and ADO I and ...
Cho Yeoungjee Y Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, Adelaide, - - 2013
The impact of climatic variations on peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis has not been studied in detail. The aim of the current study was to determine whether various climatic zones influenced the probability of occurrence or the clinical outcomes of peritonitis. Using ANZDATA registry data, the study included all Australian patients ...
Macones George A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess whether early amniotomy reduces the duration of labor or increases the proportion of subjects who are delivered within 24 hours in nulliparous patients who undergo labor induction. We performed a randomized controlled trial that compared early amniotomy to standard management in nulliparous ...
Gaughan James - - 2012
We analyse variations in cost or length of stay (LoS) for 66,587 patients from 10 European countries receiving a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedure. In five of these countries, variations in cost are analysed using log-linear models. In the other five countries, negative binomial regression models are used to ...
Martínez-Sánchez Gregorio - - 2012
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of sudden death, and death of people over 20 years of age. Because ozone therapy can activate the antioxidant system and improve blood circulation and oxygen delivery to tissue, the aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of ...
Yoshida Shuntaro - - 2012
AIM: Stent migration due to peristalsis of the colon is one of the unresolved complications of colonic self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement. Axial force (AF), a recovery force of the stent to a straight position after bending, has been considered a factor influencing the conformability of the digestive tract. An ...
Lee Hui Jin - - 2013
To compare a split lumen (SLC) with the standard dual-tip hemodialysis catheter (DTC). The patients who underwent DTC insertion or SLC insertion were enrolled. Initial catheter dwell times (ICDT) and catheter-related complications were compared. SLC (n=80) and DTC (n=133) were enrolled. ICDT was 71.94 days (SLC) and 68.55 days (DTC) ...
Defilipp Zachariah - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is a major postoperative complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Oral replacement can fail to correct the deficiency. Thus, recourse to parenteral iron administration might be necessary. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a standardized 2 g intravenous iron dextran infusion in the ...
Boci B - - 2012
Purpose: To assess short and midterm results with consistent use of indwelling voice prostheses (Provox 1 and Provox 2 valves) for vocal rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. Methods: From May 2008 to June 2010 106 patients (104 men, 2 women, median age 62.32 years) with total laryngectomy underwent vocal prosthesis insertion ...
Bajwa Sukhwinder Kaur - - 2012
Misoprostol is a versatile drug with an effective uterotonic effect on the postpartum uterine tissue and is used through various routes during the third stage of labor. A randomized prospective study was carried out to analyze the most effective route for misoprostol administration, with an emphasis on parturients' acceptability and ...
Fernandes André Maurício S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Valvar heart disease is an important public health problem, more common in developing countries, especially in younger. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiological features of patients and its influence on the prosthesis type choice used on patients who underwent valve surgery. METHODS: Cross-sectional. Data such as age, sex, provenance, surgery ...
Yoshikawa Takeshi - - 2012
Deferasirox is a new oral iron chelator used to treat transfusional iron overload. We describe a case of a 79-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who developed esophagitis induced by deferasirox. He repeatedly received multiple red blood cell transfusions after a diagnosis of MDS. Two years after starting red blood ...
Sabir Hemmen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether increased inspired oxygen and/or hypocarbia during the first 6 hours of life are associated with adverse outcome at 18 months in term neonates treated with therapeutic hypothermia. STUDY DESIGN: Blood gas values and ventilatory settings were monitored hourly in 61 newborns for 6 hours after birth. ...
Raman Vidya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Over the past 5 years, there has been a change in the clinical practice of pediatric anesthesiology with a transition to the use of cuffed instead of uncuffed endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in infants and children. As the trachea is sealed, one advantage is to eliminate the contamination of the ...
Schoorl M - - 2012
Introduction:  In the case of inflammation, imbalance of iron homoeostasis is caused by increased retention of iron within cells of the reticuloendothelial system. Iron-restricted erythropoiesis occurs because of decreased availability of iron for haemoglobin (Hb) synthesis in erythroid progenitor cells. Deviations in reticulocyte haemoglobin (Ret-He) content are investigated together with ...
Friedman Richard J RJ Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Roper Hospital; Clinical Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston; and Medical Director of Charleston Orthopaedic - - 2012
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is reduced by the use of thromboprophylactics, such as vitamin K antagonists, low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), or fondaparinux. However, these agents have a number of limitations that constrain their use and increase the clinical and ...
Nakagama Yu - - 2012
Glucose transporter 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS) is an autosomal dominant disorder of brain energy metabolism caused by impaired GLUT1-mediated glucose transport across the blood-brain barrier. Although the clinical spectrum of this disorder is expanding rapidly, the growth patterns and endocrine status of these patients are not well known. We report ...
Casaburi Richard - - 2012
Abstract Lightweight ambulatory oxygen devices are provided on the assumptions that they enhance compliance and increase activity, but data to support these assumptions are lacking. We studied 22 patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receiving long-term oxygen therapy (14 men, average age = 66.9 y, FEV(1) = 33.6%pred, PaO(2) ...
Kwiatkowski Janet L - - 2012
Morbidity and mortality in thalassemia are associated with iron burden. Recent advances in organ-specific iron imaging and the availability of oral deferasirox are expected to improve clinical care, but the extent of use of these resources and current chelation practices have not been well described. In the present study, we ...
- - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. 499 in vol. 6, PMID: 22927746.].
- - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. 1579 in vol. 6, PMID: 23055682.].
Vera J - - 2012
Purpose of the study: Fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) and single-tablet regimens (STRs) may reduce complete non-adherence (CNA) but also have the potential additional benefit of avoiding partial non-adherence (PNA) (some but not all drugs taken). We test this hypothesis and then estimate the impact of PNA-free regimen (STRs) on clinical and ...
Takahashi Shotaro - - 2011
PURPOSE: To identify the optimum follow-up period for pure ground-glass nodules (GGN) measuring less than 15 mm in diameter, and to evaluate whether the initial HRCT findings can be used as predictors for the progression of pure GGN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 pure GGNs present in 111 patients ...
Hutchinson E F - - 2011
Quantification of skeletal data has been shown to be an effective and reliable method of demonstrating variation in human growth as well as for monitoring and interpreting growth. In South Africa as well as internationally, few researchers have assessed mandibular growth in late fetal period and early childhood and therefore ...
De Blasi M - - 2011
Vitrification of in vitro-matured oocytes has important applications in fertility preservation and management of genetic resources. However, despite the increasing interest, the efficiency of oocyte vitrification needs to be improved. It was demonstrated that under stressful conditions of cryopreserving pig oocytes accumulate reactive oxygen species (ROS; Gupta et al. 2010 ...
Badger Stephen A - - 2011
The management of small abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is by ultrasound surveillance. The study aimed to calculate their growth rate, identify risk factors and determine appropriate screening intervals. The local screening programme and hospital records were used to identify patients with a small (< 5.5 cm) AAA. The dates and ...
Kim Young Soo - - 2011
In this study, we investigated the effects of total ginseng saponin (TGS) on the cutaneous wound healing process using histological analysis. A total of 24 ICR mice, 5-weeks-old, were used for all in vivo experiments. Mice were divided into control and TGS-treated groups and four equidistant 1-cm full-thickness dorsal incisional ...
Venick Robert S - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: Advances in intestinal transplantation (ITx) have resulted in improved survival and the opportunity to examine nutritional outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe detailed, long-term nutritional results and identify positive predictors of growth and weight gain following pediatric ITx. METHODS.: A single-center retrospective, Institutional Review Board-approved review ...
Driscoll Mark - - 2012
Fusionless growth modulation is an attractive alternative to conventional treatments of idiopathic scoliosis. To date, fusionless devices achieve unilateral growth modulation by compressing the intervertebral disc. This study explores a device to control spinal alignment and vertebral morphology via growth modulation while excluding the disc in a porcine model. A ...
Asaro Christopher - - 2011
Regeneration pests of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) threaten growth and survival in intensively managed loblolly pine plantations throughout the southeastern United States. The Nantucket pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock), in particular, often reduces growth of loblolly pine but has been difficult to control with traditional insecticides due to ...
Ferrera Isabel - - 2011
Growth is one of the basic attributes of any living organism. Surprisingly, the growth rates of marine bacterioplankton are only poorly known. Current data suggest that marine bacteria grow relatively slowly, having generation times of several days. However, some bacterial groups, such as the aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic (AAP) bacteria, have ...
Stuckey B G A - - 2011
Background  Postpartum thyroid dysfunction (PPTD) is characterized by an early hyperthyroid phase followed, with peak prevalence at 6 months, by a hypothyroid phase which carries a risk of long-term hypothyroidism. Iodine has a major effect on thyroid function. Western Australia has previously been shown to be iodine replete. Objective  To examine ...
Bohluli Behnam - - 2011
The behavior of trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) during maxillofacial surgeries has not yet been sufficiently studied and knowledge of its behavior is limited to some case reports. The present study aimed to assess the occurrence of TCR in bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy and to determine the possible effect of Gow-Gates ...
Lind Martin - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is used to treat medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. HTO shifts the weight-bearing line from the medial compartment into the lateral compartment. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional biomechanical consequences of this alteration in alignment. METHODS: ...
French Helen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The duration of use of azathioprine (Aza) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) for maintaining remission for Crohn's disease is debatable. AIM: To examine whether Aza/6-MP can be safely withdrawn in patients with Crohn's disease who have been in remission. METHODS: The following databases were searched: MEDLINE (1950-September 2010), EMBASE (1980-September 2010), ...
Sankar Wudbhav N - - 2011
No controlled data exists regarding the risk factors for redislocation after a technically proficient open reduction for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purposes of this study were to examine predictors of redislocation and to evaluate the long-term outcomes after revision surgery. We performed a retrospective match-controlled study comparing ...
Grant Ryan A - - 2011
Object Myelomeningocele (MMC) is characterized by a defect in caudal neurulation and appears at birth with a constellation of neuroanatomical abnormalities, including Chiari malformation Type II. The authors investigated the effects of antenatal versus postnatal repair of MMC through a quantitative analysis of morphometric changes in the posterior fossa (PF). ...
Mueller Mario H - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative ileus is characterized by infiltrates of leukocytes in the gut wall 24 h after surgery, which is subject to vagal modulation. We hypothesized that vagal modulation is irrelevant during earlier hours of postoperative ileus and aimed to determine whether afferent neuronal feedback to the central nervous system is altered ...
Keng Feng-Yi - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to conduct a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the rate of space closure and tooth angulation during maxillary canine retraction using preactivated T-loops made from titanium-molybdenum alloy (TMA) and nickel-titanium (NiTi). Twelve patients (six males and six females) aged between 13 and ...
Kim Yong H - - 2011
Background: In this study, we tested the efficacy of several neuromuscular monitoring modes at the P6 acupuncture point for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Methods: In this prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 264 women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy were evaluated for PONV. Neuromuscular blockade was monitored by acceleromyography with 1-Hz ...
Daeschlein Georg - - 2011
Surgical gloves provide a protective barrier for patients and members of the surgical team. Although glove integrity is important in an era of blood-borne pathogens, little data exist on bacterial passage after glove perforation. This study evaluated the impact of antimicrobial surgical gloves in reducing microbial passage after glove puncture ...
Coura Luiz Eduardo Faria - - 2011
This study aims to evaluate the effects of preoperative electroacupuncture (EA) on the need for opioids in the postoperative stage of conventional cardiac surgery. A prospective, randomised and controlled study was conducted at Unimed Hospital Centre in Joinville, SC, Brazil. The day before the surgery, 32 patients undergoing cardiac surgery ...
Mrowczynski Wojciech - - 2011
The study aim was to assess the growth potential and function of the tricuspid valve (TV) annulus after annuloplasty with the intra-annular biodegradable ring. Among 11 children (median age 4.5 years; age range: 0.2-10.9 years) who underwent surgery for severe congenital TV regurgitation, valve repair was completed using a biodegradable ...
Mann Elizabeth A - - 2011
The optimal method for glycemic control in the critically burned patient is unknown. The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to determine the safety and efficacy of computer decision support software (CDSS) to control serum glucose concentration in a burn intensive care unit. Eighteen adult burn/trauma patients receiving continuous ...
Maffessanti Francesco - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography has been shown useful in the evaluation of the mitral valve (MV) apparatus, and dedicated commercial software allows its quantitative assessment. The aims of this study were to (1) quantify the effects induced by prolapse on MV anatomy in the presence of fibroelastic deficiency ...
Howells Brooke E - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether lower limb postural control is restored in patients following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery when compared to healthy controls. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. Electronic databases including Medline, Embase, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL were searched from the earliest ...
Wong Christian Alexander - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the long-term effects of successful slow maxillary expansion without fixed appliances or retainers in the mixed dentition on patients with unilateral crossbites, using Haas-type, hyrax, or quad helix appliances. Materials and Methods: Serial dental casts of 110 patients were evaluated at three time points: preexpansion (T1) ...
Dall'olio Elena - - 2011
Erosive pustular dermatosis of the leg is an unusual form of sterile pustulosis that typically affects the lower limbs of elderly patients. We report the cases of two women who developed erythematous skin plaques with pustules that coalesced and evolved into erosions and crusted areas. Histology showed epidermal spongiosis with ...
Raza Muhammad Abbas - - 2011
Cirrhotic ascites is conventionally treated with bed rest, salt restriction, and diuretics. In 20-30% of patients it eventually became resistant to diuretic therapy partly because of reduced sodium excretion owing to the development of resistance against atrial natriuretic peptide. Diuretics resistance can be overcome partially by increasing distal tubular sodium ...
Oishi Tomohiro - - 2011
Background:  This study evaluated the effect of prophylactic cefdinir (3 mg/kg given once daily) for the prevention of recurrent and complicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in pediatric patients. Methods:  The study included 14 infants who were observed for at least 6 months following the first signs of infection (eight boys, six ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >