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Bosco Joseph A JA 3rd NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, New - - 2013
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has proposed bundling of payments for acute care episodes for certain procedures, including total joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to quantify the readmission burden of TJA as a function of readmission rate and reimbursement for the bundled payment. Using the ...
Choi Hong Kyu - - 2013
Purpose: Small intestinal function returns first after surgery, and then the function of the stomach returns to normal after postoperative ileus (POI). The aim of this study was to investigate inflammatory responses in the muscle coat of stomach and small intestine in guinea pig POI model. Materials and Methods: The ...
Klein Gregg R GR Hartzband Center for Hip and Knee Replacement, Paramus, - - 2013
The United States economy entered a recession in December 2007. This study aims to determine whether the utilization of elective orthopedic surgeries has been impacted by this recession. From January 2007 to December 2009 at a single private practice in New Jersey, 4820 total joint replacement procedures were scheduled, of ...
Zaidi Abbas Ali AA Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, National Institute of Medical Science & Research, Nims University , Jaipur-303121, Rajasthan, India - - 2013
Background: Day-care surgery is a common procedure in most of the hospitals. It has the advantages of early discharge and thus contributes to cost effectiveness. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the feasibility of day-care surgery in rural and urban patients. Material and Methods: Around 200 cases ...
Nieuwenhuijse Marc J - - 2013
High-flexion total knee arthroplasty was introduced to meet the demands of daily activity requiring increased knee flexion. However, concerns have been raised regarding the fixation of high-flexion total knee arthroplasty components and increased rates of loosening have been reported. To date, migration, and thus fixation, of high-flexion total knee arthroplasty ...
Gupta Deepak - - 2013
Some anesthesiologists consider combined spinal epidural (CSE) analgesia as superior alternative to continuous labor epidural (CLE) analgesia. However, during CSE, even small doses of intrathecally administered local anesthetics with opioids induce almost instant analgesia that precludes the testing of epidural catheters as well as early appreciation of failed epidural catheters. ...
Rosen Sydney - - 2013
Evaluate the effect of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on South African HIV patients' economic well being, as indicated by symptoms, normal activities, employment, and external support, during the first 5 years on treatment. Prospective cohort study of 879 adult patients at public or nongovernmental clinics enrolled before ART initiation or on ...
Klaassen Raymond H G - - 2013
Information about when and where animals die is important to understand population regulation. In migratory animals, mortality might occur not only during the stationary periods (e.g. breeding and wintering) but also during the migration seasons. However, the relative importance of population limiting factors during different periods of the year remains ...
Kim Chan Gyoo - - 2013
Self-expandable metallic stents are used widely to relieve malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). However, restenosis or migration of first stents is a frequent complication. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the effectiveness of second stents as an approach to manage failure of first stents in patients ...
Osnabrugge Ruben L J - - 2013
The unsustainable trend of rising healthcare costs necessitates difficult allocation decisions by governments, policymakers, and physicians. Consequently, recent advances in transcatheter valve therapies require not only clinical evaluation, but also careful economic evaluation. Under current indications, each year there are nearly 18,000 new candidates for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) ...
Sharaiha Reem Z - - 2013
Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) and self-expandable plastic stents (SEPS) maybe used for the treatment of benign upper gastrointestinal (GI) leaks and strictures. This study reviewed our experience with stent insertions in patients with benign upper GI conditions. Patients who underwent stent placement for benign upper GI strictures and leaks between ...
Bibbo Christopher - - 2013
The Syme amputation (ankle disarticulation level amputation) can be a valuable procedure for properly selected patients but might be underused owing to the problem of postoperative migration of the heel pad cushion. The present report presents a modification of the Syme amputation technique to prevent postoperative heel pad migration. The ...
Man Wing Yum - - 2013
Trends in orthopaedic surgery have seen a migration towards using individually packaged screws (IPS). The manufacturers claim IPS improves sterility, traceability, and avoids the effects of repeated sterilisation. In recent times there has been increasing pressure on the NHS to be more cost-efficient. Challenging decisions must be made to make ...
Isayama Hiroyuki - - 2013
Stent migration occurs frequently, but the prevention of complications resulting from covered self-expandable metal stents (C-SEMSs) remains unresolved. We prospectively assessed a newly developed C-SEMS, a modified covered Zeo stent (m-CZS), in terms of its antimigration effect. Between February 2010 and January 2011, an m-CZS was inserted into 42 patients ...
Ganesamoni Raguram - - 2013
Background and purpose: Energy source used for stone fragmentation is important in miniperc. In this study, we compared the stone fragmentation characteristics and outcomes of laser lithotripsy and pneumatic lithotripsy in miniperc for renal calculi. Patients and methods: After institutional review board approval, sixty patients undergoing miniperc for renal calculi ...
O'Neal Wesley T - - 2013
Preoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after open heart surgery. However, the impact of preoperative AF on long-term survival after open heart surgery has not been widely examined in rural populations. Patients from rural regions are less likely to receive treatment for cardiac conditions and ...
Ledbetter Craig A - - 2013
More than 80% of the world's almonds are grown in California with several dozen almond cultivars available commercially. To facilitate promotion and sale, almond cultivars are categorized into marketing groups based on kernel shape and appearance. Several marketing groups are recognized, with the Nonpareil Marketing Group (NMG) demanding the highest ...
Lee Cheng-Han - - 2013
Major orthopedic surgery has been identified as a uniformly high-risk event for venous thromboembolism (VTE). The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) guideline in 2008 states that the incidence of VTE is approximately 40 to 60% following major orthopedic surgery without thromboprophylaxis.(1) However, our previous population-based study shows that the ...
Wierer Thomas - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this prospective study was to analyze the migration pattern of the Lubinus SP II hip stem and to evaluate the clinical results. Fifty-nine patients were followed for 2 years. Translational and rotational micromotion of the implant was measured by radiostereometric analysis (RSA) and the Harris hip ...
Kong V Y VY Department of Surgery, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. - - 2013
Acute appendicitis in South Africa is associated with higher morbidity than in the developed world. Objective. To compare outcomes of urban and rural patients in KwaZulu-Natal and to determine whether there are disparities in outcome. We conducted a prospective study from September 2010 to September 2012 at Edendale Hospital in ...
Ryu Choong Heon - - 2013
Background/Aims: Benign biliary strictures (BBSs) have been endoscopically managed with plastic stent placement. However, data regarding fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs) in BBS patients remain scarce in Korea. Methods: Forty-one patients (21 men, 65.9%) with BBSs underwent FCSEMS placement between February 2007 and July 2010 in Asan Medical Center. ...
Yeh Chun-Nan - - 2013
Abstract Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an alternative modality to hemodialysis and is usually used to treat patients with end-stage renal disease. Dual-incision laparoscopic surgery (DILS) had been reported in several surgical fields; however, no report was proposed about DILS in PD catheter implantation (DILS-PD). In this study, we present ...
Sen Haluk - - 2013
Aim: To compare the effectiveness of Stone Cone™, PercSys and lidocaine jelly instillation to prevent stone migration during ureterorenoscopy (URS). Materials and Methods: One hundred patients who underwent URS for proximal ureteral stones between 2007 and 2012 were evaluated prospectively. The patients were divided into four groups consecutively. The control ...
Wong Michael K MK Dr Wong is Professor of Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2013
In 2006, the economic burden of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) was estimated to be up to $1.6 billion worldwide and has since grown annually. With the continuing increase of the economic burden of this disease in the United States, there is a growing need for economic analyses to guide ...
Rodríguez-Caravaca Gil G Preventive Medicine Unit, Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, Alcorcón, Spain. - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical and economic impact of prophylactic administration of intracameral cefuroxime on cataract surgery. Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain. Quasi-experimental study with before and after analysis. The evolution of the cumulative incidence of endophthalmitis before and after (October 2005) administration of intracameral cefuroxime as endophthalmitis prophylaxis in ...
Robinson Bruce M - - 2013
Mortality rates for maintenance hemodialysis patients are much higher than the general population and are even greater soon after starting dialysis. Here we analyzed mortality patterns in 86,886 patients in 11 countries focusing on the early dialysis period using data from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study, a prospective ...
Ertürk Cemil - - 2013
We investigated whether the following acetabular scores influence operative outcomes in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip who underwent Salter innominate osteotomy (SIO) or Pemberton osteotomy (PO): the acetabular depth ratio (ADR), the acetabular index, the center-edge (CE) angle of Wiberg, and the femoral head migration rate (Reimer's index). ...
Dayton Paul - - 2013
When using the Evans calcaneal osteotomy for repair of a calcaneovalgus deformity, lengthening of the lateral column of the foot is the method by which the procedure acts to correct the deformity. Therefore, maintaining the length is a priority. In our experience, substantial length is lost soon after surgery using ...
Marques Elsa - - 2013
For the last decade, stringent monitoring of waiting time performance targets provided English hospitals with incentives to reduce official waiting times for elective surgery. It is less clear whether the total amount of time patients waited in secondary care, from first referral to outpatient clinic until treatment, has also fallen. ...
Gabbay Uri - - 2013
Immigrant mortality studies reveal conflicting results that were attributed to diversity in immigrant definition, different classifications, and lack of appropriate comparisons. This work studied mortality patterns of the immigrations absorbed in Israel. Short-term mortality was evaluated by comparing the Standardized Mortality Rate (SMR) of the first year after immigration to ...
Hori Masatsugu - - 2013
Intracranial hemorrhage rates are higher in Asians than non-Asians, especially in patients receiving warfarin. This randomized evaluation of long-term anticoagulation therapy subgroup analysis assessed dabigatran etexilate (DE) and warfarin effects on stroke and bleeding rates in patients from Asian and non-Asian countries. There were 2782 patients (15%) from 10 Asian ...
Keim Alex P - - 2013
Abstract Background: Secondary lymphedema is a life-long disease of painful tissue swelling that often follows axillary lymph node dissection to treat breast cancer. It is hypothesized that poor lymphatic regeneration across the obstructive scar tissue during the wound healing process may predispose the tissue to swell at a later date. ...
Cerecedo-Rodriguez Jorge - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic treatment for biliary strictures with plastic stent placement has been used widely. The use of covered self-expandable metal stents (CSEMS) has been reported in anastomotic strictures post liver transplant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of different CSEMS in these subjects. METHODS: A total ...
Albedah Abdullah M N - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Pending a comprehensive study of tobacco economics in Saudi Arabia, our aim was to estimate the economic costs of tobacco consumption in Saudi Arabia over a period of 10 years (2001-2010). METHODS: Pertinent data on imported tobacco were obtained from the Saudi Customs Authority through the Central Department of ...
Philippot Remi - - 2013
We report the results of a 12-year follow-up retrospective series of 100 total hip arthroplasties using cementless, press-fit, dual-mobility acetabular cups. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of this acetabular cup at last follow-up. This continuous and homogeneous series included 100 primary total ...
Henricson Anders A Department of Orthopaedics and Center for Clinical Research, Falu General Hospital, Falun, Sweden. - - 2013
Clinical results of total knee replacement (TKR) are inferior in younger patients, mainly due to aseptic loosening. Coating of components with trabecular metal (TM) is a new way of enhancing fixation to bone. We have previously reported stabilization of TM tibial components at 2 years. We now report the 5-year ...
Stansly Philip A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Huanglongbing (HLB) or citrus greening is a bacterial disease vectored by the Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) causing tree decline, and yield loss. Vector control and foliar nutrition are used in Florida to slow the spread of HLB and mitigate debilitating effects of the disease. A 4 year replicated field ...
Chua Paul Y - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the influence of socioeconomic factors on visual acuity before cataract surgery. 
Methods: The medical case notes of 240 consecutive patients listed for cataract surgery from January 1, 2010, at Grampian University Hospital, Aberdeen, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with ocular comorbidity were excluded. Demographics, postal codes, and visual ...
Smouse H Bob - - 2013
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Crux vena cava filter in patients at risk for pulmonary embolism (PE). The Crux Biomedical Evaluation of the Crux Inferior Vena Cava Filter System trial was an international prospective, multicenter, single-arm clinical trial in 125 patients implanted with the Crux filter between ...
Pugliese P L - - 2013
Social and cultural factors combined with little information may prevent the diffusion of epidural analgesia for pain relief during childbirth. The present study was launched contemporarily to the implementation of analgesia for labor in our Department in order to perform a 2 years audit on its use. The goal is ...
Lee Woo-Suk WS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University Gangnam Severance Hospital, Seoul, - - 2013
While Western literature has mostly reported the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after TKA with chemoprophylaxis, the Asian literature still has mostly reported the incidence without chemoprophylaxis. This may reflect a low incidence of DVT and PE in Asian patients, although some recent studies suggest ...
Faria Rita - - 2013
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer of dabigatran etexilate (Boehringer Ingelheim Ltd, UK) to submit evidence for the clinical and cost-effectiveness of this drug for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) as part of the NICE ...
Burisch J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing in Eastern Europe. The reasons for these changes remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether an East-West gradient in the incidence of IBD in Europe exists. DESIGN: A prospective, uniformly diagnosed, population based inception cohort of ...
von Schéele Birgitta - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To summarize the available evidence on the issues in health economics related to oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) in the US.DATA SOURCES:A literature review was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, as well as the websites of professional organizations.STUDY SELECTION AND DATA ...
Burri Haran - - 2013
AIMS: The need for ongoing and lifelong follow-up (FU) of patients with cardiac implantable electric devices (CIED) requires significant resources. Remote CIED management has been established as a safe alternative to conventional periodical in-office FU (CFU). An economic model compares the long-term cost and consequences of using daily Home Monitoring® ...
Joish Vijay N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent estimates suggest the prevalence of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB) may be increasing in the US. The objective of this study was to determine the current economic burden of NCFB compared with non-NCFB controls in the first year after diagnosis within a commercially enrolled US population. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Maleux Geert - - 2013
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the performance of hydrogel-coated versus fibered microcoils in the prophylactic occlusion of the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) before yttrium-90 ((90)Y) radioembolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 43 patients were randomized to receive fibered microcoils (n = 15), detachable hydrogel-coated microcoils (n = 13), or pushable hydrogel-coated ...
Sumino Takanobu - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: This study analyzed the published data to examine if CR TKAs can enhance the flexion and functional outcomes of the knee in the Western and East Asian populations using a meta-analysis approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of literature published through Medline and EMBASE was conducted. The inclusion ...
Capogna Giorgio - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After initiating neuraxial labor analgesia, there are many techniques that can be used to maintain analgesia for the duration of labor. In this review, we have examined the new techniques of maintenance of epidural labor analgesia recently proposed to overcome the undesirable effects of continuous infusion and ...
Alizadehkhaiyat Omid - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Published data on the outcome of Copeland shoulder resurfacing arthroplasty (CSRA) are limited. This observational case series study reports the functional and radiological outcome of CSRA during a mean follow-up of 4 years and highlights the correlation between key outcome measures. METHODS: One-hundred two consecutive patients with osteoarthritis (OA-47.1%), ...
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