Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1266
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Aneziokoro C O - - 2005
The pharmacokinetic profile of oral linezolid makes it an attractive alternative for the treatment of osteomyelitis. Few studies have described the efficacy of linezolid in the treatment of osteomyelitis. A retrospective, observational analysis was conducted at Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital. Patients who received oral linezolid from June 2000 to ...
Cunha Burke A - - 2005
Right-sided acute bacterial endocarditis (ABE) is an infrequent complication of central intravenous (IV) lines. We report a case of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus tricuspid valve (TV) ABE related to a peripherally inserted central catheter line (PICC). Patients with right-sided ABE present with symptoms of fever and chills, and symptoms and signs ...
Mori Namiko - - 2005
We executed a blanket-use program of intranasal application of mupirocin ointment to control the propagation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) that occurred in a thoracic surgery ward of a university hospital. During an intervention of 14 weeks, all patients admitted to the ward for scheduled surgery received the ointment to ...
Soo Hoo Guy W - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To asses the impact of locally developed antimicrobial treatment guidelines in the initial empiric treatment of ICU patients with severe hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). DESIGN: Observational cohort study with pre-guideline and post-guideline data collection. PATIENTS: A total of 48 pre-guideline patients with 56 episodes of severe HAP defined by ...
Glasmacher A - - 2005
Febrile neutropenia is still associated with a high mortality rate, making timely and efficient empirical antibiotic therapy absolutely vital. For these reasons, evidence-based guidelines are urgently needed. The guidelines published so far are mainly based on clinical experience and selective citation. This review summarises studies and meta-analyses concerning empirical antibiotic ...
Wilson L L Department of Urology, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2005
To examine the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) after flexible cystoscopy (FC) and determine whether prophylactic norfloxacin reduces this incidence compared with placebo. A double-blind trial was performed, randomizing 234 patients to either 400 mg of norfloxacin or placebo prior to FC. All patients provided a midstream urine specimen ...
Shorr Andrew F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia treated with linezolid with those of vancomycin-treated patients. METHODS: We pooled and analysed five randomized studies comparing linezolid with vancomycin, focusing on the 144 adults with S. aureus bacteraemia, which was secondary in >70% of patients. Efficacy variables were clinical ...
Soheilian Masoud - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of the classic treatment of ocular toxoplasmosis (pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine, and prednisolone) with a regimen consisting of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (co-trimoxazole) plus prednisolone. DESIGN: Prospective randomized single-blind clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine patients with active ocular toxoplasmosis were randomly assigned to 2 treatment groups: 29 were treated with pyrimethamine/sulfadiazine, ...
Bucaneve Giampaolo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The prophylactic use of fluoroquinolones in patients with cancer and neutropenia is controversial and is not a recommended intervention. METHODS: We randomly assigned 760 consecutive adult patients with cancer in whom chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (<1000 neutrophils per cubic millimeter) was expected to occur for more than seven days to receive ...
Babinchak Timothy - - 2005
This pooled analysis includes 2 phase 3, double-blind trials designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of tigecycline, versus that of imipenem-cilastatin, in 1642 adults with complicated intra-abdominal infections. Patients were randomized to receive either tigecycline (initial dose of 100 mg, followed by 50 mg intravenously every 12 h) or ...
Cantón R - - 2005
Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonisation has a negative effect on pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis patients. The organism can only be eradicated in the early stage of colonisation, while reduction of bacterial density is desirable during chronic colonisation or exacerbations. Monthly, or at least 3-monthly, microbiological culture is advisable for patients without ...
Narimanian M - - 2005
The clinical efficacy of KanJang oral solution, a fixed combination of standardised extracts of Echinacea purpurea, Adhatoda vasica and Eleutherococcus senticosus, was compared with the combined extracts of Echinacea purpurea and Eleutherococcus senticosus alone (Echinacea mixture) in a controlled, double blind, randomized trial, and with Bromhexine (a standard treatment) in ...
Klimberg Ira - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated symptom relief in urinary tract infections. This innovative exploratory trial aimed to measure the time to improvement of the signs and symptoms of uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) in women receiving extended-release ciprofloxacin. Time to return to normal daily activities was also evaluated. RESEARCH DESIGN ...
Dinubile M J - - 2005
The selection of resistant gram-negative bacilli by broad-spectrum antibiotic use is a major issue in infection control. The aim of this comparative study was to assess the impact of different antimicrobial regimens commonly used to treat intra-abdominal infections on the susceptibility patterns of gram-negative bowel flora after completion of therapy. ...
Nadji G - - 2005
To analyse clinical, echocardiographic, and prognostic characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis (IE) compared with endocarditis caused by other pathogens. Cohort study. 194 consecutive patients with definite IE according to the Duke criteria prospectively examined by transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography were enrolled. Patients without identified microorganisms were excluded. The S ...
Vardakas Konstantinos Z KZ Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Athens, - - 2005
We did a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials studying glycopeptides as part of the initial empirical treatment of febrile neutropenic patients with a beta-lactam and with or without an aminoglycoside. 14 randomised controlled trials that studied 2413 patients were included in the analysis. A better outcome regarding treatment success, without ...
van Merode Tiny - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies indicate that acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in women can be successfully treated with short treatment regimens. However, the findings from the literature do not match experiences in daily practice. METHODS: A randomised, controlled trial evaluating the microbiological and clinical (self-reported) cure rates of a three-day ...
Narimatsu Hiroto - - 2005
Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a significant problem after cord blood transplantation (CBT). However, little information has been reported on BSI after reduced-intensity CBT (RI-CBT). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 102 patients. The median age of the patients was 55 years (range, 17-79 years). Preparative regimens comprised fludarabine 125 ...
Foster David R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Meningitis due to Enterobacter species is an uncommon infection in adults; however, when present, treatment is frequently complicated by resistance of many Enterobacter isolates to third-generation cephalosporins and poor central nervous system penetration of other antibiotics. The aim of this study was to retrospectively review cases of meningitis caused ...
Wynn Melissa - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: As increasing numbers of patients are being treated with outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT), it becomes ever more important to ascertain the risks and benefits of such treatment for patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 1,515 patients with methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus infections who were treated with outpatient ...
Munckhof Wendy J - - 2005
Continuous infusion (CI) ticarcillin-clavulanate is a potential therapeutic improvement over conventional intermittent dosing because the major pharmacodynamic (PD) predictor of efficacy of beta-lactams is the time that free drug levels exceed the MIC. This study incorporated a 6-year retrospective arm evaluating efficacy and safety of CI ticarcillin-clavulanate in the home ...
Chowta M N - - 2005
The objective of the present study is to evaluate the clinical profile and pattern of various drugs used in the treatment of typhoid fever. A retrospective analysis of adult patients suffering from typhoid fever was done at Kasturba Medical College hospital, Attavar during the year 1999-2001. Diagnosis of patients was ...
Long Caroline B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mediastinitis, although an infrequent complication of median sternotomy, represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and describe the epidemiology and microbiology of mediastinitis in children after cardiac surgery and to identify risk factors for the development of Gram-negative mediastinitis. STUDY DESIGN: This was ...
Nadesalingam Kavitha - - 2005
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an increasing problem for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). It has been associated with clinical deterioration in some patients with CF, creates additional infection control problems, and may affect acceptance onto transplant waiting lists. Recent attempts to eradicate the organism have met with only moderate ...
Shorr Andrew F - - 2005
Although quinolones are often used to treat nosocomial pneumonia (NP), there have been few trials documenting their efficacy in treating NP. Given the growing use of quinolones and issues regarding resistance, we conducted a meta-analysis of all trials of quinolones for treatment of NP. We identified 5 randomized trials comparing ...
Bassetti Matteo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of linezolid in the treatment of Gram-positive prosthetic hip and knee infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of patients hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases of San Martino Hospital in Genoa with the diagnosis of Gram-positive prosthetic joint infection and ...
Rudenko Nikolay - - 2005
Three hundred and seventeen non pregnant females, suffering of recurrent lower urinary tract infections (UTIs; at least three episodes in the preceding 12 months) were enrolled in a double blind, randomized placebo (PL) controlled, parallel group clinical study, addressed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fosfomycin trometamol (CAS 78964-85-9, ...
Koussoulas Vassilios - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The significance of lipid peroxidation as an independent factor leading to sepsis by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Design experimental study. METHODS: Twenty-six rabbits were applied. They were divided into two groups; A (n=6) comprising controls, and B (n=20) comprising animals infected by the injection of 1x10(8) cfu/kg inoculum of the ...
Carmignani G - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The present study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a 10-day regimen of prulifloxacin 600 mg once daily as compared to ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily in the treatment of patients with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 257 patients (mean age +/- SD ...
Siegman-Igra Yardena - - 2005
Persistence and recurrence of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) have been linked primarily with difficult-to-eradicate foci of infection such as endocarditis, osteomyelitis or abscess formation. Although vancomycin therapy has been suggested as a predictor of relapse of SAB, it has never been shown to be associated with persistent SAB. The purpose ...
Rossini Fausto - - 2005
GOAL OF WORK: We compared the efficacy of ceftriaxone (CA regimen) and piperacillin-tazobactam (PTA regimen) in association with amikacin in the treatment of febrile episodes in severely neutropenic hematological patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 252 febrile episodes in 224 patients were randomized. MAIN RESULTS: The CA regimen was ...
Lee Nan-Yao - - 2004
The emergence of acquired metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) in gram-negative bacilli is regarded as a therapeutic challenge since such enzymes are capable of hydrolyzing all beta-lactams in vitro except the monobactams. The clinical characteristics and outcome of 8 episodes of gram-negative bacteremia caused by MBL-producing isolates from January 1997 through December 2000 ...
Chaudhari Sudha - - 2004
We conducted a case matched control study to observe the adverse effects of ciprofloxacin used in neonatal septicemia We enrolled 30 neonates with multidrug-resistant septicemia who were treated with intravenous ciprofloxacin for 14 days. Thirty matched neonates with septicemia treated with other antibiotics were enrolled as controls There was no ...
Fajardo Tranquilino T TT - - 2004
A 2-month clinical trial of pefloxacin and ofloxacin in previously untreated multibacillary patients was conducted at the Leonard Wood Memorial Leprosy Research Center, Cebu, the Philippines. Treatment with either pefloxacin or ofloxacin resulted in rapid clinical improvement, in this regard pefloxacin appearing somewhat superior. Reactions and side effects were minimal. ...
Kang Cheol-In - - 2004
This study was conducted to evaluate risk factors for mortality and treatment outcome of bloodstream infections due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-EK). ESBL production in stored K. pneumoniae and E. coli blood isolates from Jan 1998 to Dec 2002 was phenotypically determined according to NCCLS ...
Weigelt John - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this analysis was to compare the efficacy of linezolid versus vancomycin in patients with suspected or proven gram-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) surgical-site infections. METHODS: An open-label, randomized, comparator-controlled, multicenter, multinational study was conducted in hospitalized patients. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive linezolid 600 mg ...
Yousef Abdelmottaleb A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that prophylactic administration of an appropriate antibiotic following each delayed intensification (DI) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) would reduce the episodes of fever and bacteremia associated with neutropenia, and hence reduce both the rate and duration of hospitalization. PROCEDURE: All patients in the study were ...
Schrenzel Jacques - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oral combination therapy with fluoroquinolones plus rifampicin is a promising alternative to standard parenteral therapy for staphylococcal infections. METHODS: In a multicenter, randomized trial, we compared the efficacy, safety, and length of hospital stay for patients with staphylococcal infections treated either with an oral combination of a fluoroquinolone (fleroxacin) ...
Madan Atul K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Numerous combination and single-agent antimicrobial regimens are available for the treatment of intra-abdominal infections. Selection of empiric agents must be directed at providing reliable activity against endotoxin-generating Escherichia coli, other gram-negative facultative bacteria, and anaerobes such as Bacteroides fragilis. Safety profiles, pharmacokinetic profiles, and cost-effectiveness must also be considered. ...
Rao Nalini - - 2004
Linezolid is an attractive alternative for the treatment of chronic bone and joint infections because it is active against common pathogens including methicillin-resistant staphylococci and vancomycin-resistant enterococci and because its oral formulation is convenient for long-term administration. To evaluate the ability of linezolid to produce long-term remission, we prospectively monitored ...
Razonable Raymund R RR Division of Infectious Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2004
To assess the clinical and bacteriological efficacy and the safety and tolerability profile of linezolid when used as the primary component of a combined surgical and antimicrobial treatment strategy for orthopedic infections. We retrospectively reviewed medical records to obtain clinical, bacteriological, and safety outcomes of 20 consecutive patients who took ...
Senneville Eric - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The intrinsic properties of the new antibiotic linezolid make it an attractive candidate for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis. However, data regarding the tolerance of long-term linezolid administration are still lacking. METHODS: The medical charts of patients given linezolid for >4 weeks were retrospectively analysed, especially their haematology. In ...
Dow Gordon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common among patients with spinal cord injury. The optimal duration of treatment for symptomatic UTI has not been determined. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial compared 3-day and 14-day regimens of ciprofloxacin, 250 mg twice daily, for the treatment of acute UTI in patients ...
Matulionyte R - - 2004
To assess the incidence of nocardia infection over 15 years in a tertiary care hospital. Over a 15 year period, Nocardia spp were isolated from 20 patients hospitalised at the Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland. Sixteen patients had one or more underlying conditions. The median time between symptom onset and diagnosis ...
Ohyashiki K - - 2004
Cefepime monotherapy was compared with cefepime-plus-amikacin dual therapy for treatment of febrile neutropenic patients. Response rates were significantly lower for patients receiving monotherapy who had neutrophil counts of <500 cells/mm3 but did not differ significantly between patients receiving dual therapy who had neutrophil counts of > or =500 cells/mm3 or ...
Gosselink Martijn P - - 2004
PURPOSE: Pouchitis is the major long-term complication after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. Metronidazole and ciprofloxacin are commonly used for treatment; however, nothing is known about the effects on the pouch flora during and after pouchitis episodes. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of both antibiotics on ...
Torum Benjamin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Otitis externa (OE) is an infection of the external auditory canal that is typically treated with topically applied broad-spectrum antibiotics. Twice-daily topical treatment with ofloxacin otic 0.3% solution for 10 days has been reported to be as effective and well tolerated as the standard of care, neomycin sulfate/polymyxin B ...
Balcha, Fekede; ;
Background and objective: Infection by Entamoeba histolytica is cosmopolitan but is more prevalent and causes serious public health and socioeconomic problems in developing countries of the tropics and subtropics. The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of amoebiasis among inpatients and outpatients of Wonji-Shoa Sugar Estate hospital, ...
Wells Wilbur G - - 2004
The efficacy and safety of parenteral ertapenem, a Group 1 carbapenem, 1 g once a day, for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs; i.e. acute pyelonephritis, UTI in men, or UTI associated with obstruction, foreign body or a urological abnormality interfering with normal voiding) in adults, were compared ...
D'Antonio D - - 2004
A prospective, randomized, double-blind trial was conducted on 124 febrile patients with hematological malignancies to compare teicoplanin with vancomycin as an addition to the initial empiric amikacin-ceftazidime regimen after documented bacteremia due to gram-positive cocci. At enrollment, patients in both groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, underlying hematologic ...
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