Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1231
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Weigelt John - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this analysis was to compare the efficacy of linezolid versus vancomycin in patients with suspected or proven gram-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) surgical-site infections. METHODS: An open-label, randomized, comparator-controlled, multicenter, multinational study was conducted in hospitalized patients. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive linezolid 600 mg ...
Yousef Abdelmottaleb A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that prophylactic administration of an appropriate antibiotic following each delayed intensification (DI) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) would reduce the episodes of fever and bacteremia associated with neutropenia, and hence reduce both the rate and duration of hospitalization. PROCEDURE: All patients in the study were ...
Schrenzel Jacques - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oral combination therapy with fluoroquinolones plus rifampicin is a promising alternative to standard parenteral therapy for staphylococcal infections. METHODS: In a multicenter, randomized trial, we compared the efficacy, safety, and length of hospital stay for patients with staphylococcal infections treated either with an oral combination of a fluoroquinolone (fleroxacin) ...
Madan Atul K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Numerous combination and single-agent antimicrobial regimens are available for the treatment of intra-abdominal infections. Selection of empiric agents must be directed at providing reliable activity against endotoxin-generating Escherichia coli, other gram-negative facultative bacteria, and anaerobes such as Bacteroides fragilis. Safety profiles, pharmacokinetic profiles, and cost-effectiveness must also be considered. ...
Rao Nalini - - 2004
Linezolid is an attractive alternative for the treatment of chronic bone and joint infections because it is active against common pathogens including methicillin-resistant staphylococci and vancomycin-resistant enterococci and because its oral formulation is convenient for long-term administration. To evaluate the ability of linezolid to produce long-term remission, we prospectively monitored ...
Razonable Raymund R RR Division of Infectious Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2004
To assess the clinical and bacteriological efficacy and the safety and tolerability profile of linezolid when used as the primary component of a combined surgical and antimicrobial treatment strategy for orthopedic infections. We retrospectively reviewed medical records to obtain clinical, bacteriological, and safety outcomes of 20 consecutive patients who took ...
Senneville Eric - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The intrinsic properties of the new antibiotic linezolid make it an attractive candidate for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis. However, data regarding the tolerance of long-term linezolid administration are still lacking. METHODS: The medical charts of patients given linezolid for >4 weeks were retrospectively analysed, especially their haematology. In ...
Dow Gordon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common among patients with spinal cord injury. The optimal duration of treatment for symptomatic UTI has not been determined. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial compared 3-day and 14-day regimens of ciprofloxacin, 250 mg twice daily, for the treatment of acute UTI in patients ...
Matulionyte R - - 2004
To assess the incidence of nocardia infection over 15 years in a tertiary care hospital. Over a 15 year period, Nocardia spp were isolated from 20 patients hospitalised at the Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland. Sixteen patients had one or more underlying conditions. The median time between symptom onset and diagnosis ...
Ohyashiki K - - 2004
Cefepime monotherapy was compared with cefepime-plus-amikacin dual therapy for treatment of febrile neutropenic patients. Response rates were significantly lower for patients receiving monotherapy who had neutrophil counts of <500 cells/mm3 but did not differ significantly between patients receiving dual therapy who had neutrophil counts of > or =500 cells/mm3 or ...
Gosselink Martijn P - - 2004
PURPOSE: Pouchitis is the major long-term complication after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. Metronidazole and ciprofloxacin are commonly used for treatment; however, nothing is known about the effects on the pouch flora during and after pouchitis episodes. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of both antibiotics on ...
Torum Benjamin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Otitis externa (OE) is an infection of the external auditory canal that is typically treated with topically applied broad-spectrum antibiotics. Twice-daily topical treatment with ofloxacin otic 0.3% solution for 10 days has been reported to be as effective and well tolerated as the standard of care, neomycin sulfate/polymyxin B ...
Balcha, Fekede; ;
Background and objective: Infection by Entamoeba histolytica is cosmopolitan but is more prevalent and causes serious public health and socioeconomic problems in developing countries of the tropics and subtropics. The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of amoebiasis among inpatients and outpatients of Wonji-Shoa Sugar Estate hospital, ...
Wells Wilbur G - - 2004
The efficacy and safety of parenteral ertapenem, a Group 1 carbapenem, 1 g once a day, for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs; i.e. acute pyelonephritis, UTI in men, or UTI associated with obstruction, foreign body or a urological abnormality interfering with normal voiding) in adults, were compared ...
D'Antonio D - - 2004
A prospective, randomized, double-blind trial was conducted on 124 febrile patients with hematological malignancies to compare teicoplanin with vancomycin as an addition to the initial empiric amikacin-ceftazidime regimen after documented bacteremia due to gram-positive cocci. At enrollment, patients in both groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, underlying hematologic ...
Dughera L - - 2004
The main cause of acute diverticulitis is the abnormal accumulation of fecal bacteria within the diverticular lumen, leading to a balancing between normal probiotic microflora and pathogenic species; Gram negative Entero-bacteriaceae, mainly Escherichia coli and Proteus spp, are the genders that usually cause the disease-related symptoms, due to their ability ...
Arbeit Robert D - - 2004
Daptomycin is the first available agent from a new class of antibiotics, the cyclic lipopeptides, that has activity against a broad range of gram-positive pathogens, including organisms that are resistant to methicillin, vancomycin, and other currently available agents. Daptomycin (4 mg/kg intravenously [iv] every 24 h for 7-14 days) was ...
Chen Yao-Shen - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Linezolid, an oxazolidinone, has shown efficacy in the treatment of adults with nosocomial or community-acquired pneumonia; skin and soft tissue infections; and infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The purpose of this open-label, single-arm, multicenter study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of linezolid in patients ...
Naber K G - - 2004
This post-marketing surveillance study including 3859 hospitalised patients with urinary tract infection (UTI) was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of treatment with intravenous or orally administered ciprofloxacin. The most frequent initial doses of ciprofloxacin were a total daily dose of 400 mg intravenously and 500 mg orally. After ...
McLaughlin Sean P - - 2004
Urinary tract infections in female patients are exceedingly common. One third of all women with an initial UTI demonstrate recurrence, and one third of those recurrences are in the first 6 months. The potential morbidity of RUTIs is high, especially in infants, the elderly, and pregnant patients. Uropathogenic bacteria reside ...
Ermis S S - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of topical dexamethasone and ciprofloxacin, alone and in combination, on the colony counts of conjunctival bacterial flora of healthy subjects. METHODS: A total of 100 healthy subjects were randomly divided into four groups, consisting of 25 subjects each. Group 1 was treated with dexamethasone phosphate ...
Biyikli Nese Karaaslan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and proper treatment, including long-term follow up, are very important for neonatal urinary tract infections (UTI). METHODS: The present study reports the analysis and long-term follow-up results of 71 newborns treated for UTI. RESULTS: Forty-one per cent of patients were preterm babies. Suspected sepsis and hyperbilirubinemia were ...
Lin Pei-Ching - - 2004
Nosocomial meningitis is uncommon in children. We reviewed the medical records of all children who developed bacterial meningitis at least 72 hours after admission to Mackay Memorial Hospital for the period July 1992 through June 2000. Clinical manifestations, predisposing factors, pathogens, and outcomes were analyzed. Twenty-two cases of nosocomial meningitis ...
Rayner C R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This case series examines osteomyelitis patients enrolled into a prospective, open label, noncomparative, non-randomized compassionate use program. Patients received 600 mg bid iv or po linezolid. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 89 patients were enrolled into the compassionate use program with the diagnosis of osteomyelitis and were evaluated for clinical efficacy, ...
Albrecht D M - - 2004
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the natural platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist, BN 52021 (ginkgolide B) in the treatment of patients with severe sepsis related to Gram-negative and mixed bacterial infection. Prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study carried out in 13 academic medical intensive care centres in Germany with ...
Roland Peter S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone otic suspension compared with ofloxacin otic solution in the treatment of acute otitis media with otorrhea through tympanostomy tubes (AOMT) in pediatric patients. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, randomized, observer-masked, parallel-group study was conducted at 39 sites in 599 children aged ...
Cherif Honar - - 2004
A prospective, open label, randomized, multicentre study was conducted, comparing the efficacy and safety of cefepime with that of imipenem-cilastatin for the management of febrile neutropenia in patients with haematological malignancies. Furthermore, the safety of early discontinuation of antibiotic therapy in patients with fever of undetermined origin (FUO) was assessed. ...
Konstantinou K - - 2004
Consecutive patients with pneumonia, treated with cefepime (n = 66) or ceftazidime (n = 132), were evaluated in a retrospective, observational study. There was no significant difference between the two treatment groups with respect to age, underlying diseases, acute physical and chronic health evaluation score, intensive care unit admission, presence ...
Roland Peter S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether topical administration of a corticosteroid improves resolution of acute tympanostomy tube otorrhea when combined with topical antibiotic drops. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, patient-masked, parallel-group, multicenter trial of topical otic ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone versus topical ciprofloxacin alone in 201 children aged 6 months to 12 years with acute otitis media ...
Wilhelmus Kirk R - - 2003
PURPOSE: To examine how age affects the risk of developing a white corneal precipitate during ciprofloxacin therapy for bacterial keratitis and to explore the effect of a white precipitate on rates of clinical improvement and cure. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study. METHODS: Occurrence of a white precipitate of the ...
Jareoncharsri Perapun - - 2003
An open-label, non-comparative study was performed in the Department of Otolaryngology, Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand, to assess the safety, tolerability, acceptability and efficacy of an oral polyvalent bacterial lysate (Luivac) in the treatment of recurrent respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in Thai patients. Thirty-three patients were included in this study, 18 ...
Wong Brian B - - 2003
The frequency of neutropenia in patients receiving long-term cefepime therapy for osteomyelitis compared with that in patients receiving other antimicrobials was studied. A comparative case review was conducted of home infusion patients receiving cefepime and patients receiving other antimicrobials for osteomyelitis. All courses of antimicrobial therapy for osteomyelitis between January ...
Lee Elsie - - 2003
We describe 2 cases in which the prolonged use of linezolid to treat complicated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections was followed by acutely developed blurred vision and progressive loss of vision and color perception during the ensuing few weeks. Both patients received a diagnosis of toxic optic neuropathy, and linezolid therapy ...
Jaya C - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if povidone-iodine (PVP-I) can be used topically in the treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media-tubotympanic disease and to compare it with ciprofloxacin hydrochloride ear drops. DESIGN: Prospective double-blind randomized study. SETTING: Academic tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Forty patients with chronic suppurative otitis media were randomized into 2 ...
Lichtenstein Steven J - - 2003
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of 0.5% levofloxacin ophthalmic solution (Quixin; Santen, Napa, CA) with 0.3% ofloxacin (Ocuflox; Allergan Inc., Irvine, CA) and placebo for the treatment of pediatric bacterial conjunctivitis. METHODS: This study was a subset analysis of 167 pediatric patients (age range, 1 to 16 years) ...
Yew Wing Wai - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare levofloxacin and ofloxacin in the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 106 patients with MDR-TB (February 1990 through December 2000) receiving directly observed therapy with fluoroquinolone and accompanying drugs, which mainly included aminoglycosides, cycloserine, ethionamide/prothionamide, and pyrazinamide, was performed. Clinical data ...
Payen S - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to characterize the population pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in patients with and without cystic fibrosis ranging in age from 1 day to 24 years and to propose a limited sampling strategy to estimate individual pharmacokinetic parameters. Patients were divided into four groups according to ...
Link H - - 2003
Cytostatic chemotherapy of hematological malignancies is often complicated by neutropenia, which increases the risk of infections, especially if the neutrophil count is below 500/microl. Frequently, fever is the first, and in most patients the only, sign of an infection. Unexplained fever is defined as follows: temperature of >/=38.3 degrees C ...
Raad Issam I - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to compare the efficacy and safety of imipenem and cefepime in the treatment of adult patients with cancer who had fever and neutropenia requiring hospitalization according to Infectious Disease Society of America criteria. METHODS: In the current prospective randomized clinical trial at ...
Suzuki Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Compromised patients subjected to major digestive surgery frequently develop infective complications caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which may have dangerous consequences. This was a prospective randomized study to determine whether intranasal mupirocin could reduce postoperative infective complications in patients having digestive surgery. METHODS: A total of 395 patients ...
Pintado Vicente - - 2003
To describe the clinical features and outcome of enterococcal meningitis, we retrospectively reviewed the charts of 39 cases seen at 2 tertiary hospitals during a 25 years and collected 101 additional, previously reported cases for review. Among these 140 cases, there were 82 cases (59%) of postoperative meningitis and 58 ...
Jantausch Barbara A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections, particularly hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and bacteremia, are an increasing concern in pediatric hospitals and pediatric intensive care units. Gram-positive pathogens are a leading cause of these infections in children. Linezolid is well-tolerated and as effective as vancomycin in the treatment of these infections in adults. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Incani Renzo Nino - - 2003
A new case of human infection due to Fasciola hepatica is reported in the Venezuelan parasitological literature. The patient is an 81-year-old female asymptomatic, with an eosinophilia of 21% and critrosedimentation rate of 26 mm/h and was found during a routine check up. These values were normal at the time ...
Tuncer Ilyas - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cefotaxime or ceftriaxone were considered the first-choice antibiotic for empirical treatment in cirrhotic patients developing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. It has been suggested that ciprofloxacin could be an alternative to cefotaxime or ceftriaxone in cirrhotic patients developing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. The aim of the present study was to compare oral ...
Keyserling Harry L - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess vancomycin utilization at children's hospitals, to determine risk factors for vancomycin use and length of therapy, and to facilitate adapting recommendations to optimize vancomycin prescribing practices in pediatric patients. METHODS: Two surveys were conducted at Pediatric Prevention Network hospitals. The first (Survey I) evaluated vancomycin control programs. ...
Kipp F - - 2003
A 45 year old man was admitted to hospital with a right sided facial paralysis and three month history of seizures. Computed tomography showed a left temporal mass including both intracerebral and extracerebral structures. Ten years earlier the patient had undergone a neurosurgical intervention in the same anatomical region to ...
Greenberg David - - 2003
The aims of this study were to determine the risk factors in, and the clinical and laboratory characterizations of, Shigella bacteremia, as well as the subspecies of Shigella, and the antibiotic susceptibility. A retrospective study of all patients younger than 18 years of age with documented Shigella bacteremia from January ...
Pancharoen Chitsanu - - 2003
Meropenem is a promising carbapenem antibiotic as an empirical monotherapy in patients with febrile neutropenia (FN). With the limited data of the therapy in pediatric patients, the authors conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of meropenem as empirical antibiotic therapy in 30 pediatric cancer patients with FN ...
Corti N - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: At our institution there has been a dichotomous antimicrobial treatment behaviour for acute haematogenous osteomyelitis (AHOM) since 1984. The surgical department favoured fosfomycin as initial choice and the medical department beta lactams. We aimed to compare the performance of both strategies. METHODS: Data from patients discharged with ...
Spencker F B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Determination of the extent of changes in quantitative resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from patients with cystic fibrosis over a period of approximately 2 years. METHODS: Three hundred and ninety nine isolates of P. aeruginosa collected from 34 pediatric patients in the period between April 1994 and April 1996 ...
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