Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1670
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Thow Jacqueline L - - 2012
Abstract The software product "GlideCoach" was recently developed to give quantitative and qualitative feedback on the glide performance of a swimmer (Naemi & Sanders, 2008 ). This study compared the effect of feedback on glide performance from GlideCoach with video and verbal feedback. Nineteen elite swimmers were randomly assigned to ...
Patsatsi Aikaterini - - 2012
39 bullous pemphigoid (BP) patients were studied to assess the clinical significance of anti-BP180 and anti-BP230 circulating autoantibodies of BP and correlate their titers with the clinical scores of the BP Disease Area Index (BPDAI) and the Autoimmune Bullous Skin Disorder Intensity Score (ABSIS) as well as with the intensity ...
Bahloul Mabrouk - - 2012
We analyze in the current study the impact of heptaminol hydrochloride (Heptamyl) administration in patients with septic shock requiring adrenergic support on the duration of vasopressor infusion and on catecholamine delay weaning. In this prospective study were included 49 nonconsecutive patients with septic shock requiring vasopressor infusion and with stable ...
Yu Li-Peng - - 2012
To evaluate by MRI intervertebral disc degeneration in patients with lumbar degenerative disease using the Pfirrmann grading system and to determine whether Modic changes correlated with the Pfirrmann grades and modified Pfirrmann grades of disc degeneration. The clinical data of 108 surgical patients with lumbar degenerative disease were reviewed and ...
Saito Masaya - - 2012
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that would occasionally lead to energy malnutrition through therapeutic hypoxic stress. We aimed to clarify the correlation between the energy malnutrition after TACE and low tolerability for hypoxia of non-tumoral liver before TACE. We performed a prospective cohort ...
Fontana Marianna M The Heart Hospital, 16-18 Westmoreland Street, London, W1G 8PH, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) is elevated in fibrosis or infiltration and can be quantified by measuring the haematocrit with pre and post contrast T1 at sufficient contrast equilibrium. Equilibrium CMR (EQ-CMR), using a bolus-infusion protocol, has been shown to provide robust measurements of ECV using a multibreath-hold T1 pulse sequence. ...
Mason B - - 2011
This study examined the effect of rear-wheel camber on maximal effort wheelchair mobility performance. 14 highly trained wheelchair court sport athletes performed a battery of field tests in 4 standardised camber settings (15°, 18°, 20°, 24°) with performance analysed using a velocometer. 20 m sprint times reduced in 18° (5.89±0.47 s, P=0.011) ...
Waytz Adam - - 2011
People attribute minds to other individuals and make inferences about those individuals' mental states to explain and predict their behavior. Little is known, however, about whether people also attribute minds to groups and believe that collectives, companies, and corporations can think, have intentions, and make plans. Even less is known ...
Lamontagne-Lacasse Martin - - 2011
Jump height is a critical aspect of volleyball players' blocking and attacking performance. Although previous studies demonstrated that creatine monohydrate supplementation (CrMS) improves jumping performance, none have yet evaluated its effect among volleyball players with proficient jumping skills. We examined the effect of 4 wk of CrMS on 1 RM ...
Chen Bo-Yu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The study aims to determine the changes in the biomechanical properties of the anterior and extreme posterior portions of experimental near-sighted eyes by examining the mechanical behavior of guinea pig scleral desmocytes, thus finding a new approach to the pathogenesis of myopia and their corresponding therapies. METHODS: Guinea pigs ...
Naylor Justine M - - 2011
Recovery of knee range and Oxford Knee Score post knee arthroplasty based on preoperative knee range is described. A total of 191 patients recruited across 5 hospitals were assessed preoperatively, at 8 weeks postoperatively and 1 year. Preoperative knee range was categorized into "low" (≤109), "moderate" (>109 to ≤120), and ...
Yonekawa Takahiro - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of corpus callosotomy (CC) on attention deficit and behavioral problems in pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy, we retrospectively investigated sequential patients who had undergone CC to control seizures. Between August 2005 and April 2010, a total of 15 patients aged between 3.1 and 17.9 years underwent ...
Robinson P M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to characterise current rotator cuff repair activity in the UK with emphasis on the management of rotator cuff tears in the elderly population (over 70s). A one-page web-based survey was created. All British Elbow and Shoulder Society (BESS) members and surgeons who listed the ...
Boegel Kevin - - 2011
Experimental data suggest general anesthetics preferring γ-aminobutyric acid receptor type A may increase postoperative pain in patients with persistent inflammation. The current study was designed to begin to test this hypothesis. Groups of rats were defined by the presence of inflammation, surgical intervention, and/or the type of general anesthetic used ...
Zhou Qina - - 2011
Background:  Ganglionated plexi (GP) is claimed to be potentially responsible for atrial fibrillation (AF). The efficacy and safety of GP ablation remains controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of procedure with or without ablation of GP. Methods and Results:  We included controlled clinical trials or randomized controlled trials ...
Deslauriers D - - 2011
The main objectives of this study were to determine optimal methodologies to assess the general swimming performance of juvenile shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum. Swimming densities (group v. individual swimming) and flume length (2 v. 1 m) were altered to verify if any of those variables affected performance (i.e. time to ...
Lledo-Ferrer Yvan - - 2011
Researchers have often assumed that scent marking serves a territorial function in callitrichines, although some controversy exists. To fulfill such a function, scent marks should 1) prevent intrusions, 2) ensure access to feeding resources, 3) enable avoidance of intergroup encounters, or 4) play an important role in the aggressive encounters ...
Twijnstra Andries R H - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare preferences for laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) over abdominal hysterectomy (AH) by gynecologists who perform LH (group 1), their colleagues (group 2), and gynecologists employed by a hospital that does not provide LH (group 3), and to estimate boundary values of patient characteristics that influence preference for mode ...
Cauraugh James H - - 2011
Objective: We investigated the effect of long-term practice on motor improvements in chronic stroke patients. Design: Randomized parallel group controlled study. Setting: Motor Behavior Laboratory, University of Florida. Subjects: Eighteen individuals who experienced a stroke more than nine months prior to enrolling. Interventions: The treatment interventions were bilateral arm movements ...
Kularatne Keerthi - - 2011
To describe the epidemiology of snake bite in the region and attempt to compare proven Russell's viper with hump-nosed viper bites. All snake bite admissions to the Toxicology Unit of Teaching Hospital Peradeniya over three year from 2006 were included. Of the 776 snakebites, 665(86%) were unidentified and non-envenomed. Hump-nosed ...
Leteurtre Stéphane - - 2011
The Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 is a mortality prediction tool used in pediatric intensive care units. Arterial blood gas sampling that is required to calculate the Pao₂/Fio₂ ratio is often unavailable. Several authors have proposed mathematical relations between the Pao₂/Fio₂ and Spo₂/Fio₂ ratios. The main objective of this study ...
Martin-Jurado Olga - - 2011
Red kites (Milvus milvus) are birds of prey known to feign death in the presence of humans. An adult wild red kite was anesthetized with isoflurane for coelioscopy. During surgery, heart rate and respiratory rate ranged from 240 to 260 beats per minute and from 16 to 28 breaths rates ...
Rosset-Llobet Jaume - - 2011
Here we present the case of a pianist suffering from unilateral focal hand dystonia for 10 yrs which affected his piano playing as well as other activities of daily life. The treatment applied was sensory motor retuning (SMR), a behavioral treatment for focal hand dystonia. Improvement was clearly achieved from ...
Tanner Colby J - - 2011
Dominance hierarchies pervade animal societies. Within a static social environment, in which group size and composition are unchanged, an individual's hierarchy rank results from intrinsic (e.g. body size) and extrinsic (e.g. previous experiences) factors. Little is known, however, about how dominance relationships are formed and maintained when group size and ...
Kliegel Andreas - - 2011
This study was undertaken to evaluate the use of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) after cardiac arrest in Lower Austria. A questionnaire was sent to intensive care units (ICUs) in Lower Austria. Methods of inducing and maintaining hypothermia, the practise of rewarming, concomitant therapies and reasons not to cool were documented. Of ...
Anderson O - - 2011
Aim  This study reports the short- and long-term outcomes of laparostomy for intra-abdominal sepsis. Method  Twenty-nine sequential patients with intra-abdominal sepsis treated with a laparostomy over 6 years were included. Results  The median age of the patients was 51 years, postoperative intensive care unit stay was 8 days, postoperative length of hospital stay ...
Mandawat Aditya - - 2010
To compare clinical and economic outcomes following plasma exchange (PLEX) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in U.S. patients with primary diagnoses of myasthenia gravis (MG). Our cohort was identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database for years 2000-2005 using codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition. Multivariate regression analyses ...
Tsujimoto Hironori - - 2010
Conventional open procedures have been supplanted in part by less invasive approaches, such as laparoscopic surgery developed for treating gastrointestinal malignancies. However, it is unclear whether laparoscopy-assisted gastric tube reconstruction (LAGT) can attenuate the postoperative systemic inflammatory response after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. We investigated the postoperative clinical course of ...
Green Deborah M - - 2010
Previous studies of glycemic control in non-neurologic ICU patients have shown conflicting results. The purpose was to investigate whether intensive insulin therapy (IIT) to keep blood glucose levels from 80 to 110 mg/dl or conventional treatment to keep levels less than 151 mg/dl was associated with a reduction of mortality ...
Kularatne Senanayake A M - - 2011
Background In 2008, an outbreak of leptospirosis caused high mortality in Sri Lanka. The General Hospital, Peradeniya recorded nine deaths in May, which prompted the medical staff to change the treatment protocol. Addition of intravenous methylprednisolone (MP) to the treatment regimen of severely ill patients was implemented on the basis ...
Lapinsky Stephen E - - 2011
To test discrimination and calibration of APACHE-II and SAPS-II risk prediction scores in a cohort of obstetric patients, and to evaluate the effect of modifying these scores for the physiological changes in pregnancy. A retrospective review of obstetric patients, 12 weeks gestation to 48 hours postpartum, admitted to the ICU ...
Brindha S M - - 2011
Nosocomial urinary tract infections (NUTI) are one of the commonest infections in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). This prospective study was conducted in PICU between January and December 2008 to study the incidence, organisms and risk factors for NUTI. A total of 287 consecutive patients with >48 h PICU stay ...
Manning Peter B - - 2011
This study describes results of tracheal reconstruction in children with slide tracheoplasty with cardiopulmonary bypass and identifies predictors for adverse outcomes. Preoperative characteristics, operative variables, and outcome measures were collected for children undergoing slide tracheoplasty with cardiopulmonary bypass between April 2001 and October 2009. Predictors of worse outcomes were identified ...
Shera A H - - 2011
Appendicitis is the most common abdominal emergency usually requiring surgery in the pediatric age group. Diagnosis of acute appendicitis can at times be difficult, especially in children. A failure to diagnose can lead to a progression of disease with its associated morbidity and mortality. The authors used a modification of ...
Saeki Hiroshi - - 2010
To clarify the clinical significance of sivelestat sodium (SIV) administration, we surveyed the status of 40 patients treated with SIV for respiratory dysfunction following surgery. The subjects were patients who received SIV administration due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and respiratory dysfunction (PaO(2)/F(I)O(2) ratio ≤300 mmHg) after surgery at ...
Park C - - 2010
Prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), a common clinical manifestation, may result in fatal outcomes after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Although hyponatremia contributes to neurologic alterations in association with PMV, the effects of acute changes in hyponatremia during LDLT have not been well studied. We sought to determine whether an acute ...
Guérin Claude - - 2010
The Stewart approach theorizes that plasma pH depends on P(aCO₂), the strong ion difference, and the plasma total concentration of non-volatile weak acids (A(tot)). The conventional approach measures standardized base excess, bicarbonate (HCO₃⁻), and the anion gap. To describe acid-base disorders with the Stewart approach and the conventional approach in ...
Stephenson James A - - 2010
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a syndrome that reflects the widespread activation of inflammatory pathways. The goal of this study was to find whether the presence or absence of SIRS on emergency surgical admissions is related to the subsequent clinical outcome in terms of in-hospital interventions, length of stay, ...
Evans Heather L - - 2010
In an emergency medical system with established rapid-sequence intubation protocols, prehospital (PH) intubation of patients with trauma is not associated with a higher rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) than emergency department (ED) intubation. Retrospective observational cohort. Level I trauma center. Adult patients with trauma intubated in a PH or an ...
Ojeda Ojeda Miriam - - 2011
To evaluate the association of pro-inflammatory mediators with organ dysfunction and adverse outcome in intra-abdominal sepsis patients. Twenty-one patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) were prospectively included in the study. Only patients with surgical diagnosis of intra-abdominal sepsis were enrolled. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and interleukin (IL)-6 produced ...
Pottecher Julien - - 2011
A best evidence topic was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the use of preoperative or early postoperative thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) is effective in improving outcomes--reducing duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay and respiratory complications--in patients undergoing lung transplantation ...
Chu E W - - 2011
To date, no studies have investigated how the preoperative management of clopidogrel, an irreversible antiplatelet agent, influences the outcome following minor operative procedures. The purpose of this study is to determine if clopidogrel use within 7 days of inguinal herniorrhaphy increases the postoperative risk for bleeding-related morbidity or mortality. A retrospective ...
Badreldin A M A - - 2010
We aimed to validate the usefulness of CASUS derivatives for cardiac surgery patients and their reliability for daily decision making. We included, prospectively, the data of all adult cardiac surgery patients who had an ICU stay of at least 12 hours between 20 January 2003 and 14 October 2005 in ...
Dubose Joseph - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that the use of a daily "Quality Rounds Checklist" (QRC) can increase compliance with evidence-based prophylactic measures and decrease complications in a busy trauma intensive care unit (ICU) over a 3-month period. This study was designed to determine the sustainability of QRC use over 1 ...
Fremault Antoine - - 2010
During the last decades progress has been made in the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We compared a random sample of patients admitted for an exacerbation in the period 2001-2005 (n = 101), with a random sample of patients hospitalized for the same reason in the period 1980-1984 ...
Ried M - - 2010
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is still a serious comorbidity in surgical procedures. We assessed the impact of mild to moderate COPD in a modern cardiac surgery unit. An age-, gender- and operation-matched cohort analysis of 242 patients treated between 01/2006 and 12/2008 was performed. COPD was defined as a ...
Pichamuthu Kishore - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Traditional treatment of organophosphate poisoning (OP) with oximes has had limited success. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) or albumin, acting as bioscavengers to mop up free organophosphate, has been recently proposed as a treatment modality. In this pilot open-label, three-arm, randomized controlled study exploring proof of concept, we evaluated if ...
Lin Chan-Yu - - 2010
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is commonly diagnosed in intensive care units (ICUs), often in association with acute kidney injury. In this study, we compared the predictive value of outcome scoring systems: Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation IV (APACHE IV), earlier APACHE models, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), the ...
Masri Yasser - - 2010
This study was designed to evaluate the use of laxative prophylaxis for constipation in intensive care unit (ICU) and the impact of early versus late bowel movement on patient's outcome. The study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial in critically ill ventilated adult patients, who were expected to stay on ...
Ravanshad Shohreh - - 2010
Obtaining a correct working length is critical to the success of endodontic therapy. The aim of this clinical study was to compare the effect of working length determination using electronic apex locator or working length radiograph on the length adequacy of final working length as well as the final obturation. ...
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