Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1655
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Deslauriers D - - 2011
The main objectives of this study were to determine optimal methodologies to assess the general swimming performance of juvenile shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum. Swimming densities (group v. individual swimming) and flume length (2 v. 1 m) were altered to verify if any of those variables affected performance (i.e. time to ...
Lledo-Ferrer Yvan - - 2011
Researchers have often assumed that scent marking serves a territorial function in callitrichines, although some controversy exists. To fulfill such a function, scent marks should 1) prevent intrusions, 2) ensure access to feeding resources, 3) enable avoidance of intergroup encounters, or 4) play an important role in the aggressive encounters ...
Twijnstra Andries R H - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare preferences for laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) over abdominal hysterectomy (AH) by gynecologists who perform LH (group 1), their colleagues (group 2), and gynecologists employed by a hospital that does not provide LH (group 3), and to estimate boundary values of patient characteristics that influence preference for mode ...
Cauraugh James H - - 2011
Objective: We investigated the effect of long-term practice on motor improvements in chronic stroke patients. Design: Randomized parallel group controlled study. Setting: Motor Behavior Laboratory, University of Florida. Subjects: Eighteen individuals who experienced a stroke more than nine months prior to enrolling. Interventions: The treatment interventions were bilateral arm movements ...
Kularatne Keerthi - - 2011
To describe the epidemiology of snake bite in the region and attempt to compare proven Russell's viper with hump-nosed viper bites. All snake bite admissions to the Toxicology Unit of Teaching Hospital Peradeniya over three year from 2006 were included. Of the 776 snakebites, 665(86%) were unidentified and non-envenomed. Hump-nosed ...
Leteurtre Stéphane - - 2011
The Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 is a mortality prediction tool used in pediatric intensive care units. Arterial blood gas sampling that is required to calculate the Pao₂/Fio₂ ratio is often unavailable. Several authors have proposed mathematical relations between the Pao₂/Fio₂ and Spo₂/Fio₂ ratios. The main objective of this study ...
Martin-Jurado Olga - - 2011
Red kites (Milvus milvus) are birds of prey known to feign death in the presence of humans. An adult wild red kite was anesthetized with isoflurane for coelioscopy. During surgery, heart rate and respiratory rate ranged from 240 to 260 beats per minute and from 16 to 28 breaths rates ...
Rosset-Llobet Jaume - - 2011
Here we present the case of a pianist suffering from unilateral focal hand dystonia for 10 yrs which affected his piano playing as well as other activities of daily life. The treatment applied was sensory motor retuning (SMR), a behavioral treatment for focal hand dystonia. Improvement was clearly achieved from ...
Tanner Colby J - - 2011
Dominance hierarchies pervade animal societies. Within a static social environment, in which group size and composition are unchanged, an individual's hierarchy rank results from intrinsic (e.g. body size) and extrinsic (e.g. previous experiences) factors. Little is known, however, about how dominance relationships are formed and maintained when group size and ...
Kliegel Andreas - - 2011
This study was undertaken to evaluate the use of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) after cardiac arrest in Lower Austria. A questionnaire was sent to intensive care units (ICUs) in Lower Austria. Methods of inducing and maintaining hypothermia, the practise of rewarming, concomitant therapies and reasons not to cool were documented. Of ...
Anderson O - - 2011
Aim  This study reports the short- and long-term outcomes of laparostomy for intra-abdominal sepsis. Method  Twenty-nine sequential patients with intra-abdominal sepsis treated with a laparostomy over 6 years were included. Results  The median age of the patients was 51 years, postoperative intensive care unit stay was 8 days, postoperative length of hospital stay ...
Mandawat Aditya - - 2010
To compare clinical and economic outcomes following plasma exchange (PLEX) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in U.S. patients with primary diagnoses of myasthenia gravis (MG). Our cohort was identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database for years 2000-2005 using codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition. Multivariate regression analyses ...
Tsujimoto Hironori - - 2010
Conventional open procedures have been supplanted in part by less invasive approaches, such as laparoscopic surgery developed for treating gastrointestinal malignancies. However, it is unclear whether laparoscopy-assisted gastric tube reconstruction (LAGT) can attenuate the postoperative systemic inflammatory response after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. We investigated the postoperative clinical course of ...
Green Deborah M - - 2010
Previous studies of glycemic control in non-neurologic ICU patients have shown conflicting results. The purpose was to investigate whether intensive insulin therapy (IIT) to keep blood glucose levels from 80 to 110 mg/dl or conventional treatment to keep levels less than 151 mg/dl was associated with a reduction of mortality ...
Kularatne Senanayake A M - - 2011
Background In 2008, an outbreak of leptospirosis caused high mortality in Sri Lanka. The General Hospital, Peradeniya recorded nine deaths in May, which prompted the medical staff to change the treatment protocol. Addition of intravenous methylprednisolone (MP) to the treatment regimen of severely ill patients was implemented on the basis ...
Lapinsky Stephen E - - 2011
To test discrimination and calibration of APACHE-II and SAPS-II risk prediction scores in a cohort of obstetric patients, and to evaluate the effect of modifying these scores for the physiological changes in pregnancy. A retrospective review of obstetric patients, 12 weeks gestation to 48 hours postpartum, admitted to the ICU ...
Brindha S M - - 2011
Nosocomial urinary tract infections (NUTI) are one of the commonest infections in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). This prospective study was conducted in PICU between January and December 2008 to study the incidence, organisms and risk factors for NUTI. A total of 287 consecutive patients with >48 h PICU stay ...
Manning Peter B - - 2011
This study describes results of tracheal reconstruction in children with slide tracheoplasty with cardiopulmonary bypass and identifies predictors for adverse outcomes. Preoperative characteristics, operative variables, and outcome measures were collected for children undergoing slide tracheoplasty with cardiopulmonary bypass between April 2001 and October 2009. Predictors of worse outcomes were identified ...
Shera A H - - 2011
Appendicitis is the most common abdominal emergency usually requiring surgery in the pediatric age group. Diagnosis of acute appendicitis can at times be difficult, especially in children. A failure to diagnose can lead to a progression of disease with its associated morbidity and mortality. The authors used a modification of ...
Saeki Hiroshi - - 2010
To clarify the clinical significance of sivelestat sodium (SIV) administration, we surveyed the status of 40 patients treated with SIV for respiratory dysfunction following surgery. The subjects were patients who received SIV administration due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and respiratory dysfunction (PaO(2)/F(I)O(2) ratio ≤300 mmHg) after surgery at ...
Park C - - 2010
Prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), a common clinical manifestation, may result in fatal outcomes after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Although hyponatremia contributes to neurologic alterations in association with PMV, the effects of acute changes in hyponatremia during LDLT have not been well studied. We sought to determine whether an acute ...
Guérin Claude - - 2010
The Stewart approach theorizes that plasma pH depends on P(aCO₂), the strong ion difference, and the plasma total concentration of non-volatile weak acids (A(tot)). The conventional approach measures standardized base excess, bicarbonate (HCO₃⁻), and the anion gap. To describe acid-base disorders with the Stewart approach and the conventional approach in ...
Stephenson James A - - 2010
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a syndrome that reflects the widespread activation of inflammatory pathways. The goal of this study was to find whether the presence or absence of SIRS on emergency surgical admissions is related to the subsequent clinical outcome in terms of in-hospital interventions, length of stay, ...
Evans Heather L - - 2010
In an emergency medical system with established rapid-sequence intubation protocols, prehospital (PH) intubation of patients with trauma is not associated with a higher rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) than emergency department (ED) intubation. Retrospective observational cohort. Level I trauma center. Adult patients with trauma intubated in a PH or an ...
Ojeda Ojeda Miriam - - 2011
To evaluate the association of pro-inflammatory mediators with organ dysfunction and adverse outcome in intra-abdominal sepsis patients. Twenty-one patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) were prospectively included in the study. Only patients with surgical diagnosis of intra-abdominal sepsis were enrolled. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and interleukin (IL)-6 produced ...
Pottecher Julien - - 2011
A best evidence topic was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the use of preoperative or early postoperative thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) is effective in improving outcomes--reducing duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay and respiratory complications--in patients undergoing lung transplantation ...
Chu E W - - 2011
To date, no studies have investigated how the preoperative management of clopidogrel, an irreversible antiplatelet agent, influences the outcome following minor operative procedures. The purpose of this study is to determine if clopidogrel use within 7 days of inguinal herniorrhaphy increases the postoperative risk for bleeding-related morbidity or mortality. A retrospective ...
Badreldin A M A - - 2010
We aimed to validate the usefulness of CASUS derivatives for cardiac surgery patients and their reliability for daily decision making. We included, prospectively, the data of all adult cardiac surgery patients who had an ICU stay of at least 12 hours between 20 January 2003 and 14 October 2005 in ...
Dubose Joseph - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that the use of a daily "Quality Rounds Checklist" (QRC) can increase compliance with evidence-based prophylactic measures and decrease complications in a busy trauma intensive care unit (ICU) over a 3-month period. This study was designed to determine the sustainability of QRC use over 1 ...
Fremault Antoine - - 2010
During the last decades progress has been made in the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We compared a random sample of patients admitted for an exacerbation in the period 2001-2005 (n = 101), with a random sample of patients hospitalized for the same reason in the period 1980-1984 ...
Ried M - - 2010
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is still a serious comorbidity in surgical procedures. We assessed the impact of mild to moderate COPD in a modern cardiac surgery unit. An age-, gender- and operation-matched cohort analysis of 242 patients treated between 01/2006 and 12/2008 was performed. COPD was defined as a ...
Pichamuthu Kishore - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Traditional treatment of organophosphate poisoning (OP) with oximes has had limited success. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) or albumin, acting as bioscavengers to mop up free organophosphate, has been recently proposed as a treatment modality. In this pilot open-label, three-arm, randomized controlled study exploring proof of concept, we evaluated if ...
Lin Chan-Yu - - 2010
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is commonly diagnosed in intensive care units (ICUs), often in association with acute kidney injury. In this study, we compared the predictive value of outcome scoring systems: Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation IV (APACHE IV), earlier APACHE models, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), the ...
Masri Yasser - - 2010
This study was designed to evaluate the use of laxative prophylaxis for constipation in intensive care unit (ICU) and the impact of early versus late bowel movement on patient's outcome. The study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial in critically ill ventilated adult patients, who were expected to stay on ...
Ravanshad Shohreh - - 2010
Obtaining a correct working length is critical to the success of endodontic therapy. The aim of this clinical study was to compare the effect of working length determination using electronic apex locator or working length radiograph on the length adequacy of final working length as well as the final obturation. ...
Ilper Hendrik - - 2012
Aim To compare hands-off time (HOT) in simulated advanced life support (ALS) following European Resuscitation Council (ERC) 2005 guidelines and ERC 2000 and to provide quantitative data on workflow. Subjects and Methods Observations with 18 professional paramedics, performing 39 megacodes (mega-code training; MCT) were videotaped during ALS re-certification. Teams were ...
Bruns Anke H W - - 2010
Background:  Insights into long-term mortality and especially causes of death after initial recovery from an episode of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) may help in determining optimal preventive measures in such patients. Methods:  Prospective observational cohort studies were conducted to compare cause-specific long-term mortality rates for 356 patients recovered from CAP with ...
Nozohoor Shahab - - 2011
To evaluate the prognostic implication of changes in postoperative B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac surgery. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected clinical data. Cardiothoracic surgery and an intensive care unit (ICU) in a university hospital. The present study included a total of 407 ...
Pinto Anabela - - 2010
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is an efficient method for treating respiratory failure in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, it requires a process of adaptation not always achieved due to poor compliance. The role of telemonitoring of NIV is not yet established. To test the advantage of using modem communication ...
Dongelmans Dave A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It is uncertain whether adaptive support ventilation (ASV) accelerates weaning of nonfast-track cardiothoracic surgery patients. A lower operator set %-minute ventilation with ASV may allow for an earlier definite switch from controlled to assisted ventilation, potentially hastening tracheal extubation. We hypothesized that ASV using protocolized de-escalation and escalation of ...
Gamez Josep - - 2010
Cytotherapy is a promising option for neurodegenerative disease treatment. Because of the fatal prognosis and imperative need for effective treatment, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients request this therapy before its effectiveness has been verified. The increase in clinics offering cytotherapies but providing little scientific information has prompted considerable medical tourism. ...
Dogan Omer Tamer - - 2010
Chronic respiratory failure (CRF) is a syndrome defined by certain disturbances in arterial blood gases. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) is an increasingly used treatment modality in respiratory failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects of NIMV on pulmonary function and survival of patients with CRF. ...
Ramirez Norman - - 2010
Spondylocostal dysplasia (SCD) constitutes a heterogeneous patient group with multiple vertebral formations and segmentation defects of the entire spine, with asymmetric rib malformations. Respiratory failure has been reported in spondylocostal dysplasia secondary to thoracic insufficiency syndrome. The vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) reconstructs the chest wall to address the ...
McMullen Caitlin P - - 2010
To compare the outcomes of early versus late extubation after primary single-stage anterior laryngotracheoplasty (LTP) using thyroid ala graft performed at our tertiary care academic children's hospital. Twenty-five pediatric patients underwent single-stage anterior LTP using thyroid ala grafts between September 2002 and June 2009. Initial trials of extubation were attempted ...
Bruns A H W - - 2011
Insights into long-term mortality, especially into the cause of death after initial recovery from an episode of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), may help in determining optimal preventive measures in such patients. Prospective observational cohort studies were conducted to compare cause-specific long-term mortality rates for 356 patients who had recovered from CAP ...
Panos Nicholas G - - 2010
The outcomes associated with transdermal nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in a neurosurgery intensive care unit (ICU) were studied. Data from pharmacy records, neurosurgery ICU admission logs, and computerized patient charts at the University of Illinois Medical Center at Chicago from January 2001 through August 2008 were reviewed for patients older ...
Lasocki Sigismond - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many new mechanical ventilation modes are proposed without any clinical evaluation. "Dual-controlled" modes, such as AutoFlow™, are supposed to improve patient- ventilator interfacing and could lead to fewer alarms. We performed a long-term clinical evaluation of the efficacy and safety of AutoFlow during assist-controlled ventilation, focusing on ventilator alarms. ...
Mitanchez Delphine - - 2010
The objectives of the study were to provide a review of patients with giant omphalocele managed in a single institution (2001-2006), focusing on medical management in the neonatal period, and to evaluate short-term outcomes. Data from 14 neonates with giant ompholocele (abdominal wall defect >5 cm and/or containing liver) and ...
Myint Phyo K - - 2010
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is common and associated with a significant mortality. Shock index, heart rate divided by systolic blood pressure, has been shown to be associated with outcome in sepsis. To examine the usefulness of two new criteria CURSI (confusion, urea, respiratory rate and shock index), and CURASI where shock ...
Rivers Emanuel P - - 2010
To examine the role of fluid therapy in the pathogenesis of severe sepsis and septic shock. The type, composition, titration, management strategies and complications of fluid administration will be examined in respect to outcomes. Fluids have a critical role in the pathogenesis and treatment of early resuscitation of severe sepsis ...
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