Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1653
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Mufty S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper was to document the incidence of leg length changes after revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and its effect on clinical outcome. METHODS: Leg length difference (LLD) was prospectively measured in 85 patients using digital standing full leg radiography before and after revision TKA. Additionally ...
Ousley R - - 2012
We investigated block heights that anaesthetists considered adequate for caesarean section to proceed under spinal anaesthesia. During 3 months, 15 obstetric anaesthetists recorded block height to touch, pinprick or cold when spinal anaesthesia was considered satisfactory for caesarean section to proceed. Median (IQR [range]) block height for touch, pinprick, first cold ...
Kim Jae-Hyung - - 2012
We aimed to analyze lateral pharyngeal wall (LPW) motion using ultrasonography. The subjects were stroke patients with dysphagia (n = 26) and normal controls (n = 15). The stroke patients were divided into two groups based on a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). Group A (n = 12) had a penetration or aspiration in VFSS findings, while ...
Ertaş Gökhan - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: Red cell distribution width (RDW) has been associated with poor outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the role of RDW in prediction of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We aimed to investigate the relation between the RDW and ...
Park H-J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Infants grow rapidly, which causes the SCM to thicken physiologically. Therefore some cases of physiologically- thickened SCM can be confused with a poor response to physical therapy. There have been only a few quantitative ultrasonographic studies on the clinical outcome of rehabilitation for CMT. Our aim was to ...
Lattimer C R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Venous filling time (VFT90) is the time taken to reach 90% of the venous volume in the calf. It is recorded by air-plethysmography (APG(®)) and is assumed to measure global venous reflux duration. However, this has never been confirmed by duplex. The aim of the study was to compare ...
Nissen Nicholas N - - 2012
Pancreatic fistula (PF) continues to be the Achilles' heel of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with both morbidity and mortality linked to its occurrence. The optimal drain management strategy after PD remains unclear. We evaluated drain amylase (DA) levels on postoperative Day (POD) 0 to 5 in 76 consecutive patients undergoing PD to ...
Frongia Gianluigi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the reliability and repeatability of identification landmarks using 3-D cephalometric software. Ten orthognathic patients were selected for this study and underwent the following protocol: 1. radiographic evaluation (CBCT technique); 2. stone casts; 3. photos; and 4. 3-D cephalometric evaluation. Twenty-one hard tissue ...
Kallel Samy - - 2012
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can cause a systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) making difficult the interpretation of inflammatory markers. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a marker of inflammation that appears to be a good early marker of infection after cardiac surgery. To study the kinetics of PCT after cardiac surgery with ...
Smith Jessica W - - 2012
The relationship between systemic inflammatory processes to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes remains unclear. This study investigates the relationship between serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and functional outcomes post-TKA. A total of 31 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) who underwent TKA were enrolled in the study; 15 with hs-CRP ≤1.0 mg/l ...
Gupta Lucky - - 2012
To correlate the age at surgery, liver function tests, and hepatic and portal tract histo-pathological changes with surgical outcome in the form of disappearance of jaundice in extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA). This is a retrospective study of 39 cases of EHBA. There were 19 males and 10 females. Kasai's portoenterostomy ...
Gao Shu-Guang - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We undertook this study to determine whether thrombin-cleaved osteopontin (OPN) in synovial fluid (SF) represent a useful marker of osteoarthritis (OA) progression in the posterior cruciate ligament transection (PCLT) OA rabbit model. METHOD: PCLT was performed on the right knee joints of 48 rabbits. The rabbits were then sacrificed ...
McCarron Jesse A - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Ten to seventy percent of rotator cuff repairs form a recurrent defect after surgery. The relationship between retraction of the repaired tendon and formation of a recurrent defect is not well defined.Purpose/ HYPOTHESES:To measure the prevalence, timing, and magnitude of tendon retraction after rotator cuff repair and correlate these outcomes ...
Li Yunping - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained by the Icare and the hand-held Goldmann applanation tonometer (also called Perkins) in aphakic children after congenital cataract surgery. METHODS:: We investigated 125 children with aphakia after congenital cataract surgery in this study. A younger group (3 to 30 mo) and ...
Berardi Rossana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancer presents a poor prognosis. AIMS: The objective of this study is to find clinical-laboratory parameters like prognostic factors to select patients who can benefit from surgery and post-operative treatments. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2010, 41 patients underwent radical surgery at our Institution. A novel score was ...
Wang Da-Ming - - 2012
Background/Aim: It remains unclear how wallerian degeneration of the pyramidal tract (PT) in the acute phase of supratentorial intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) correlates with the long-term functional outcome. The aim of this study was to quantify and predict the long-term neuromotor outcome using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) during the early stages ...
Hadjibashi Anoushiravan Amini - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the diameters of treated abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have changed during the last 10 years. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS A retrospective record review was completed on all patients undergoing any AAA repair from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2009, at a single high-volume institution. All ...
Wang Yu - - 2012
Study Design. A radiographic follow-up and analysis.Objective. To identify appropriate radiographic parameters for measuring the extent of distal adding on and to discuss criteria for determining the onset of distal adding on.Summary of Background Data. There is no consensus on how to determine the onset of distal adding on in ...
Marchini Giovanni Scala - - 2012
Background: The purpose of our in study was to determine, in vivo, if single energy NCCT can accurately predict the presence/percentage of struvite stone composition. Methods: We retrospectively searched for all patients with struvite components on stone composition analysis between January/2008 and March/2012. Inclusion criteria were: NCCT prior to stone ...
Blumberg Sheila N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pathologic analysis of deep tissue obtained during debridement of venous ulcers is often unnoticed in its importance. We previously reported pathologic findings on 139 patients with venous ulcers. The objective of this study was to correlate the pathologic findings in venous ulcers with wound healing to establish a negative ...
Kim Hyun Koo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Vibration response imaging (VRI) is a new technique that captures lung sounds generated by the flow of air through the lungs. It predicts postoperative values for an intended lung resection. In this study, we measured the predicted postoperative pulmonary function as determined by a perfusion lung scan and the ...
Chen Leining - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To explore uterine arterial impedance and endometrial-subendometrial vascularity determined by two-dimensional Doppler ultrasonography (2D-DU) and three-dimensional ultrasonography and power Doppler angiography (3D-PDA) between patients with antiphospholipid antibodies-associated recurrent miscarriage (aPL-RM) and normal fertile women, and to further investigate the relationship between these parameters and endometrial microvessel density (MVD). DESIGN: ...
Panchal Sonal - - 2012
This study aims to compare the efficacy of AFC and AMH, as markers for ovarian reserve. 75 patients with PCO (polycystic ovaries) undergoing IVF were randomized with 75 non-PCO patients. On day 3, volume of ovary was acquired, ovarian volume was defined by VOCAL, and Sono AVC was used to ...
Kim Keong-Hwan - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the posterior tibial slope and the maximal angle of flexion after total knee arthroplasty. Seventy nine cases (63 patients, 60 females and 3 males), which received total knee arthroplasty with the Nexgen LPS system from Jan 2001 to Jan ...
Hekimoğlu Baki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the acromio-humeral, coraco-humeral, and coraco-clavicular distances with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of shoulder impingement syndrome. All the acromio-humeral, coraco-humeral, and coraco-clavicular intervals of all patients were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 132 shoulders (76 right and ...
Nishimura Reiki R Departments of Breast and Endocrine Surgery - - 2013
Trastuzumab (T) has contributed to improving the prognosis of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. Although some patients have been unresponsive or resistant to T. Loss of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) deleted on chromosome 10, PIK3CA mutation and p95HER2 expression have been reported to potentially be ...
Nezami Nariman - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are controversial data about renal function following off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The present study aimed to evaluate renal function changes 24 h after on- and off-pump CABG, as well as renal function correlated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). METHODS: Ninety patients ...
Grierosu Carmen - - 2012
Elective hip and knee prosthetic surgery represent the ultimate treatment option for pain and disabilities caused by arthrosis with these particular localizations. We conducted a preliminary retrospective study on a series of 47 patients investigated and operated at the Orthopedic Clinic of the lasi Rehabilitation Hospital in the interval March ...
Maneesang Sitthinee - - 2012
To assess retinal nerve fiber (RNFL) thickness change in glaucoma patients after glaucoma surgery. A prospective and cohort study of 19 patients who underwent trabeculectomy with mitomicin C or combined procedures or glaucoma drainage device surgery in Phramongkutklao Hospital were included. All subjects had obtained informed consents. Preoperative and 3 ...
Ciacli Camelia - - 2012
Determination of bone mineral density in patients with psoriatic arthritis and its correlation with the development of the disease. Three groups of patients were recruited: group 1--patients with psoriasis arthritis; group 2--patients with rheumatoid arthritis, group 3--control group. Group 1 was divided into: group 1A--patients with disease duration < 5 ...
Bhushan Shivanand - - 2012
The purpose of the present study is to find out the correlation between the glomerular filtration rate (GFR by Gates gamma camera method) and serum creatinine clearance (SCrCl by Cockcroft and Gault's method) within ± 3 weeks' time difference. Study design retrospectively in 59 patients with serum creatinine value calculated ...
Itoh H - - 2012
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has emerged as an effective mechanical support following cardiac surgery with respiratory and cardiac failure. However, there are no clear indications for ECMO use after pediatric cardiac surgery. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 76 pediatric patients [mean age, 10.8 months (0-86); mean weight, 5.16 kg ...
Balilionis Gytis - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of three types of warm-up (WU) on swimming performance, reaction time and dive distance. In repeated-measures counterbalanced design, NCAA Division I swimmers (n=16) utilized three WU's prior to performing 50-yard (45.7-meter) freestyle swim trials. The WU consisted of: (1) no ...
Thow Jacqueline L - - 2012
Abstract The software product "GlideCoach" was recently developed to give quantitative and qualitative feedback on the glide performance of a swimmer (Naemi & Sanders, 2008 ). This study compared the effect of feedback on glide performance from GlideCoach with video and verbal feedback. Nineteen elite swimmers were randomly assigned to ...
Patsatsi Aikaterini - - 2012
39 bullous pemphigoid (BP) patients were studied to assess the clinical significance of anti-BP180 and anti-BP230 circulating autoantibodies of BP and correlate their titers with the clinical scores of the BP Disease Area Index (BPDAI) and the Autoimmune Bullous Skin Disorder Intensity Score (ABSIS) as well as with the intensity ...
Bahloul Mabrouk - - 2012
We analyze in the current study the impact of heptaminol hydrochloride (Heptamyl) administration in patients with septic shock requiring adrenergic support on the duration of vasopressor infusion and on catecholamine delay weaning. In this prospective study were included 49 nonconsecutive patients with septic shock requiring vasopressor infusion and with stable ...
Yu Li-Peng - - 2012
To evaluate by MRI intervertebral disc degeneration in patients with lumbar degenerative disease using the Pfirrmann grading system and to determine whether Modic changes correlated with the Pfirrmann grades and modified Pfirrmann grades of disc degeneration. The clinical data of 108 surgical patients with lumbar degenerative disease were reviewed and ...
Saito Masaya - - 2012
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that would occasionally lead to energy malnutrition through therapeutic hypoxic stress. We aimed to clarify the correlation between the energy malnutrition after TACE and low tolerability for hypoxia of non-tumoral liver before TACE. We performed a prospective cohort ...
Fontana Marianna M The Heart Hospital, 16-18 Westmoreland Street, London, W1G 8PH, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) is elevated in fibrosis or infiltration and can be quantified by measuring the haematocrit with pre and post contrast T1 at sufficient contrast equilibrium. Equilibrium CMR (EQ-CMR), using a bolus-infusion protocol, has been shown to provide robust measurements of ECV using a multibreath-hold T1 pulse sequence. ...
Mason B - - 2011
This study examined the effect of rear-wheel camber on maximal effort wheelchair mobility performance. 14 highly trained wheelchair court sport athletes performed a battery of field tests in 4 standardised camber settings (15°, 18°, 20°, 24°) with performance analysed using a velocometer. 20 m sprint times reduced in 18° (5.89±0.47 s, P=0.011) ...
Waytz Adam - - 2011
People attribute minds to other individuals and make inferences about those individuals' mental states to explain and predict their behavior. Little is known, however, about whether people also attribute minds to groups and believe that collectives, companies, and corporations can think, have intentions, and make plans. Even less is known ...
Lamontagne-Lacasse Martin - - 2011
Jump height is a critical aspect of volleyball players' blocking and attacking performance. Although previous studies demonstrated that creatine monohydrate supplementation (CrMS) improves jumping performance, none have yet evaluated its effect among volleyball players with proficient jumping skills. We examined the effect of 4 wk of CrMS on 1 RM ...
Chen Bo-Yu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The study aims to determine the changes in the biomechanical properties of the anterior and extreme posterior portions of experimental near-sighted eyes by examining the mechanical behavior of guinea pig scleral desmocytes, thus finding a new approach to the pathogenesis of myopia and their corresponding therapies. METHODS: Guinea pigs ...
Naylor Justine M - - 2011
Recovery of knee range and Oxford Knee Score post knee arthroplasty based on preoperative knee range is described. A total of 191 patients recruited across 5 hospitals were assessed preoperatively, at 8 weeks postoperatively and 1 year. Preoperative knee range was categorized into "low" (≤109), "moderate" (>109 to ≤120), and ...
Yonekawa Takahiro - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of corpus callosotomy (CC) on attention deficit and behavioral problems in pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy, we retrospectively investigated sequential patients who had undergone CC to control seizures. Between August 2005 and April 2010, a total of 15 patients aged between 3.1 and 17.9 years underwent ...
Robinson P M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to characterise current rotator cuff repair activity in the UK with emphasis on the management of rotator cuff tears in the elderly population (over 70s). A one-page web-based survey was created. All British Elbow and Shoulder Society (BESS) members and surgeons who listed the ...
Boegel Kevin - - 2011
Experimental data suggest general anesthetics preferring γ-aminobutyric acid receptor type A may increase postoperative pain in patients with persistent inflammation. The current study was designed to begin to test this hypothesis. Groups of rats were defined by the presence of inflammation, surgical intervention, and/or the type of general anesthetic used ...
Zhou Qina - - 2011
Background:  Ganglionated plexi (GP) is claimed to be potentially responsible for atrial fibrillation (AF). The efficacy and safety of GP ablation remains controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of procedure with or without ablation of GP. Methods and Results:  We included controlled clinical trials or randomized controlled trials ...
Deslauriers D - - 2011
The main objectives of this study were to determine optimal methodologies to assess the general swimming performance of juvenile shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum. Swimming densities (group v. individual swimming) and flume length (2 v. 1 m) were altered to verify if any of those variables affected performance (i.e. time to ...
Lledo-Ferrer Yvan - - 2011
Researchers have often assumed that scent marking serves a territorial function in callitrichines, although some controversy exists. To fulfill such a function, scent marks should 1) prevent intrusions, 2) ensure access to feeding resources, 3) enable avoidance of intergroup encounters, or 4) play an important role in the aggressive encounters ...
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