Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1687
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Cheng Caixia - - 2013
Rats with osteoporosis were involved by combining ovariectomy (OVX) either with calcium and Vitamin D deficiency diet (Group D), or with glucocorticoid (dexamethasone) treatment (Group C). In the period of 1-12 months, dynamic PET-CT studies were performed in three groups of rats including Group D, Group C and the control ...
Zhao Jing - - 2013
To investigate the morphology of corneal caps in femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and its relation to the refractive outcomes. A prospective study of fifty-four corneal caps created with VisuMax femtosecond laser were examined using an Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month and ...
Dietze Albrecht A Department of Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Rostock, Germany. - - 2013
Hallux valgus remains a common forefoot condition where different causes may contribute to the pathology. The extent of first ray mobility and, in particular, instability of the first tarsometatarsal joint represents a key argument in the debate on the selection of an appropriate operative treatment. Until now, assessment of first ...
Shah Prerana N PN Department of Anaesthesiology, Seth GSMC and KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, - - 2013
Central venous catheterization is done frequently in cardiac surgery and intensive care settings. Faulty positioning of the catheter can cause many complications. The aim of our study was to study the average depth of insertion and formulate a general guideline through the right internal jugular vein (IJV). The right IJV ...
Alam Mahbub - - 2013
The dial test can be improved by providing reproducible, accurate measurements to improve diagnosis and treatment comparisons. Validation of a rotational measurement device (RMD) for measuring knee internal-external rotational laxity. Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. The RMD consisted of 3 components: a femoral clamp and a tibial splint ...
Korun Oktay - - 2013
Cardioplegic arrest is one of the most common myocardial protection strategies. A wide variety of cardioplegic solutions are routinely being used. There is an ongoing discussion about the relative effectiveness of these solutions considering myocardial protection. This study aims to investigate the hypothesis that the use of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) cardioplegia ...
Koch Eva Charlotte - - 2013
Purpose. Fluorescein angiographic studies revealed prolonged arteriovenous passage (AVP) times and increased fluorescein filling defects in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) compared to healthy controls. The purpose of this study was to correlate baseline AVP and fluorescein filling defects with visual field progression in patients with NTG. Patients and Methods. Patients ...
Mohanty Shubhranshu S - - 2013
Posterior tibial slope (PTS) is an important factor affecting postoperative range of motion (ROM) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Metaphysio-diaphyseal angle (MDA) is a new entity defined as angle between proximal anatomical axis and metaphyseal axis of tibia. This study was undertaken to determine PTS in Indian patients and find ...
Kang Dong-Hun - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Thromboembolic events are the most common complication following coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA). However, it remains unclear whether these clinically silent ischemic lesions (CSIL) have any clinical significance. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate cognitive outcome after coil embolization of asymptomatic UIA and its relationship with CSIL after the procedure. METHODS:: ...
Wikkelsø Carsten - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the CSF Tap Test (CSF TT) and resistance to CSF outflow (Rout) for the outcome of shunting in a sample of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: 115 patients were included in ...
Kabasawa Masashi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) often develops secondary to left heart disease. Tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP) is usually the treatment of choice for significant TRs, but recurrence of TR after surgery can occur. Previous studies have not clearly demonstrated the cause of the recurrent TR after TAP. By using an electrocardiogram-gated ...
Kincse Gyöngyvér - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess whether the efficacy of bisphosphonate treatment is influenced by PTH levels measured in newly diagnosed osteoporotic patients and to identify the threshold value, beyond which PTH level negatively influences therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight osteoporotic patients were ...
Angthong Chayanin - - 2013
To date, actual results of a minimally invasive distal linear metatarsal osteotomy (DLMO) via more explicit radiographic delineation are poorly understood and radiographic findings and clinical results have not been systematically correlated. Purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of DLMO using a precise radiographic mapping system; ...
Yana Akiko - - 2012
Background: The characteristics of the renal marker cystatin C (Cys-C) in association with the postoperative management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) remain unclear. Methods and Results: Serum Cys-C and creatinine (Cr) levels were measured preoperatively and on the third postoperative day in 53 consecutive CHD patients (age, 1 day-11 years). ...
Yoo Jeong Joon - - 2012
PURPOSE: In an alumina-on-alumina total hip arthroplasty (THA), recommended with a small inclination angle <45°, the acetabular component (cup) may be positioned more medially to be covered almost completely by host bone. The purpose of this study was to identify the correlating factors and to evaluate the outcomes of medial placement ...
Wang Ching-Jen - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patellofemoral disorders are often associated with patellofemoral malalignment. Tibial tubercle transfer is an effective method to correct the patellofemoral malalignment. This study evaluated the long-term results of triple positioning of tibial tubercle osteotomy for refractory patellofemoral disorders with 10-year follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients with 62 ...
Amzallag J - - 2012
PURPOSE: High valgus tibial osteotomy is used to treat medial femoro-tibial osteoarthritis. Changes in patellar height due to high valgus tibial osteotomy can cause technical difficulties during subsequent knee arthroplasty. The primary objective of this study was to assess the hypothesis that patellar height decreases after opening-wedge osteotomy and increases ...
Maruna P - - 2012
Aprotinin, a nonspecific serine protease inhibitor, has been primarily used as a haemostatic drug in cardiac surgery with cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB). This study investigated the effect of Aprotinin on the post-operative levels of procalcitonin (PCT) and a set of cytokines in patients undergoing pulmonary artery endarterectomy (PEA). We analyzed 60 ...
Boullosa Daniel A - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in autonomic control of heart rate (HR), and fitness in a group of elite soccer players during the pre-season. METHODS: Eight professional male soccer players competing in the Spanish First Division were evaluated in July (week 1) and September (week ...
Elliott Christopher S - - 2012
PURPOSE: Recent studies showing a correlation between descent of the anterior and apical vaginal compartments suggest that cystoceles may recur if associated apical prolapse is not corrected. However, to date the anatomical relationship of apical prolapse with respect to cystocele has been incompletely reported. We present the predictive value of ...
van Jonbergen Hans-Peter W - - 2012
PURPOSE: Anterior knee pain (AKP) following total knee replacement (TKR) is both prevalent and clinically relevant. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the peer-reviewed literature, and to identify and assess the different modifiable and non-modifiable determinants that may be associated with the development of AKP in patients ...
Tykocki Tomasz - - 2012
Background: Microlesion effect (MLE) is a commonly observed phenomenon after electrode insertion into the subthalamic nucleus (STN) for deep brain stimulation (DBS). Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the presence of the MLE in the early postoperative period and the relationship between MLE and STN DBS. Methods: ...
Mansat Pierre - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The goal of a resurfacing shoulder arthroplasty is to reproduce the individual's anatomy while preserving the bone stock of the humeral head. This study investigated the hypothesis that resurfacing the humeral prosthesis restores normal glenohumeral relationships and correlates with the final clinical results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A resurfacing shoulder ...
Kumar Brijesh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hyperproteinorrhachia associated with vestibular schwannomas (VSs) may influence visual status independent of the effect caused by raised intracranial pressure. The role of cisterna magna CSF protein levels (CMCP) in determining visual outcome in patients with large to giant vestibular schwannomas (VSs) was prospectively investigated. METHODS: The mean CMCP levels ...
Mangone Massimiliano M Biomechanics and Movement Analysis Laboratory, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Azienda Policlinico Umberto I, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy. - - 2013
The aim of the present research is to evaluate the relationship between an X-ray-based method (i.e. the Raimondi method) and rasterstereography in the evaluation of vertebral rotation (VR) in a sample of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A total of 25 patients (9 males; mean age 14 ± 3 years; ...
Tsukada Sachiyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative soft tissue tension can significantly impact the range of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the level of impact remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between intraoperative soft tissue tension and postoperative range of motion. METHODS: This retrospective study included 504 ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To define the role of lower uterine segment (LUS) evaluation at term. DESIGN: Observational case-control study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Ninety-four patients were divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 45 multiparous single fetus pregnant women with up to two previous cesarean sections (CS). Group B consisted of ...
Sallo Ferenc B - - 2012
To document the progression of a break in the photoreceptor inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) junction layer and its functional correlates over time in the natural history of type 2 idiopathic macular telangiectasia (type 2 MacTel). Patients with at least 1 year of follow-up were selected from the MacTel Study. En ...
Becker Otávio Emmel - - 2012
The pharyngeal airway may change after skeletal movement in patients who have undergone orthognathic surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and pharyngeal airway changes in subjects with a Class III facial pattern who underwent double-jaw surgery (maxillary advancement and mandibular setback). The present retrospective study ...
Gatzioufas Zisis - - 2012
To assess the incidence of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in the early postoperative period after excimer laser penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus and reveal potential associations with anterior segment parameters. This prospective, interventional study consisted of 40 patients with keratoconus who were treated with excimer laser penetrating keratoplasty. Corneal pachymetry, anterior ...
De Coninck Tineke - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Little is known about radial displacement (RD) of polyurethane (PU) scaffolds, intended for partial meniscus defect substitution; no data are available on whether rim thickness influences RD and whether RD correlates with clinical outcome scores. HYPOTHESES:The meniscus is not extruded preoperatively, but RD occurs after scaffold implantation. A thicker rim ...
Abaci Okay - - 2012
Background: Predictors of aortic dilatation are not well-described in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). Changes in extracellular matrix composition in the aortic wall may play an important role. Our study aimed to examine the relationship between ascending aortic dilatation and biochemical markers for collagen metabolism, such as matrix metalloproteinase-2 ...
Vulpio C - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the relationship between ultrasonographic (US) parameters of parathyroid glands (PTGs) in haemodialysis patients (HDP) and degree of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), therapeutic responsiveness and type of PTG hyperplasia (diffuse or nodular). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 85 HDP, we evaluated the following US parameters of all and of ...
Mufty S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper was to document the incidence of leg length changes after revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and its effect on clinical outcome. METHODS: Leg length difference (LLD) was prospectively measured in 85 patients using digital standing full leg radiography before and after revision TKA. Additionally ...
Ousley R - - 2012
We investigated block heights that anaesthetists considered adequate for caesarean section to proceed under spinal anaesthesia. During 3 months, 15 obstetric anaesthetists recorded block height to touch, pinprick or cold when spinal anaesthesia was considered satisfactory for caesarean section to proceed. Median (IQR [range]) block height for touch, pinprick, first cold ...
Kim Jae-Hyung - - 2012
We aimed to analyze lateral pharyngeal wall (LPW) motion using ultrasonography. The subjects were stroke patients with dysphagia (n = 26) and normal controls (n = 15). The stroke patients were divided into two groups based on a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). Group A (n = 12) had a penetration or aspiration in VFSS findings, while ...
Park H-J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Infants grow rapidly, which causes the SCM to thicken physiologically. Therefore some cases of physiologically- thickened SCM can be confused with a poor response to physical therapy. There have been only a few quantitative ultrasonographic studies on the clinical outcome of rehabilitation for CMT. Our aim was to ...
ErtaƟ Gökhan - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: Red cell distribution width (RDW) has been associated with poor outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the role of RDW in prediction of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We aimed to investigate the relation between the RDW and ...
Lattimer C R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Venous filling time (VFT90) is the time taken to reach 90% of the venous volume in the calf. It is recorded by air-plethysmography (APG(®)) and is assumed to measure global venous reflux duration. However, this has never been confirmed by duplex. The aim of the study was to compare ...
Smith Jessica W - - 2012
The relationship between systemic inflammatory processes to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes remains unclear. This study investigates the relationship between serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and functional outcomes post-TKA. A total of 31 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) who underwent TKA were enrolled in the study; 15 with hs-CRP ≤1.0 mg/l ...
Nissen Nicholas N - - 2012
Pancreatic fistula (PF) continues to be the Achilles' heel of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with both morbidity and mortality linked to its occurrence. The optimal drain management strategy after PD remains unclear. We evaluated drain amylase (DA) levels on postoperative Day (POD) 0 to 5 in 76 consecutive patients undergoing PD to ...
Kim Young Whan - - 2012
SESSION TYPE: New Insights into Idiopathic Pulmonary FibrosisPRESENTED ON: Sunday, October 21, 2012 at 01:15 PM - 02:45 PMPURPOSE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, irreversible, and usually lethal lung disease of unknown cause. There is a report that mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) inhibitor, rapamycin, inhibit pulmonary ...
Kallel Samy - - 2012
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can cause a systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) making difficult the interpretation of inflammatory markers. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a marker of inflammation that appears to be a good early marker of infection after cardiac surgery. To study the kinetics of PCT after cardiac surgery with ...
Gupta Lucky - - 2012
To correlate the age at surgery, liver function tests, and hepatic and portal tract histo-pathological changes with surgical outcome in the form of disappearance of jaundice in extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA). This is a retrospective study of 39 cases of EHBA. There were 19 males and 10 females. Kasai's portoenterostomy ...
Frongia Gianluigi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the reliability and repeatability of identification landmarks using 3-D cephalometric software. Ten orthognathic patients were selected for this study and underwent the following protocol: 1. radiographic evaluation (CBCT technique); 2. stone casts; 3. photos; and 4. 3-D cephalometric evaluation. Twenty-one hard tissue ...
Gao Shu-Guang - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We undertook this study to determine whether thrombin-cleaved osteopontin (OPN) in synovial fluid (SF) represent a useful marker of osteoarthritis (OA) progression in the posterior cruciate ligament transection (PCLT) OA rabbit model. METHOD: PCLT was performed on the right knee joints of 48 rabbits. The rabbits were then sacrificed ...
McCarron Jesse A - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Ten to seventy percent of rotator cuff repairs form a recurrent defect after surgery. The relationship between retraction of the repaired tendon and formation of a recurrent defect is not well defined.Purpose/ HYPOTHESES:To measure the prevalence, timing, and magnitude of tendon retraction after rotator cuff repair and correlate these outcomes ...
Li Yunping - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained by the Icare and the hand-held Goldmann applanation tonometer (also called Perkins) in aphakic children after congenital cataract surgery. METHODS:: We investigated 125 children with aphakia after congenital cataract surgery in this study. A younger group (3 to 30 mo) and ...
Wang Da-Ming - - 2012
Background/Aim: It remains unclear how wallerian degeneration of the pyramidal tract (PT) in the acute phase of supratentorial intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) correlates with the long-term functional outcome. The aim of this study was to quantify and predict the long-term neuromotor outcome using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) during the early stages ...
Berardi Rossana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancer presents a poor prognosis. AIMS: The objective of this study is to find clinical-laboratory parameters like prognostic factors to select patients who can benefit from surgery and post-operative treatments. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2010, 41 patients underwent radical surgery at our Institution. A novel score was ...
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