Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1672
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Park Ka Hee - - 2013
To evaluate the ocular motility factors associated with the rate of exodrift after surgical correction of intermittent exotropia and to determine whether the rate had an effect on the subsequent postoperative ocular alignment. Consecutive patients who underwent surgical correction of intermittent exotropia between 2009 and 2010 were observed for 12 ...
Tang Ya-Juan - - 2013
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is one of the main causes of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). No established link is available between pathological scores of CAA and its outcome. This study aimed to identify the correlations between pathological severity and poor postoperative outcome in the Chinese population. Between May 2006 and ...
Engel Harald - - 2013
Objective: To examine the relationship of early serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels with the severity of post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS), long-term neurological recovery and the risk of early-onset infections in patients with coma after cardiac arrest (CA) treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH). Methods: A prospective cohort of adult comatose CA patients ...
Tepeler Abdulkadir - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate whether renal parenchymal thickness (RPT) has an effect on the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 144 patients with lower pole and/or renal pelvic stones who underwent PNL. The relationship between RPT and peri- and postoperative measures was evaluated. Results: The ...
Huber Juliusz - - 2013
Surgery of meniscus tear results in limitation of function. The aim of study was functional assessment of knee 1 year after surgery with two techniques in cases of the medial meniscus tear followed by the same supervised rehabilitation. A total of 30 patients with good KOSS scores constituted two equal groups ...
Akyüz Aydın - - 2013
Objective: In order to evaluate the utility of the heart rate performance index (HRPI), which is obtained by dividing HR mean by the difference of HR max and HR min in the context of Holter monitoring, we sought to determine whether there was any correlation or relationship between the HRPI ...
Zhao Garida - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the radiological factors that correlated with progression of collapse and joint space narrowing after transtrochanteric posterior rotational osteotomy (PRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. METHODS: This study reviewed 51 hips in 47 patients with a mean follow-up of 11 years (5-20). The subjects included 29 males ...
Rulewicz Gabriel J - - 2013
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that the degree of supraspinatus atrophy, as assessed with the tangent sign will significantly correlate with increasing rotator cuff tear size. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed assessing presence of muscle atrophy using the tangent sign, fatty atrophy based on Goutallier classification, and size of rotator cuff ...
Zhou Zhi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Outcomes of patients with single ventricle physiology undergoing cavopulmonary palliations depend on pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and have been suggested to be adversely affected by living at elevated altitude. We compared the pulmonary hemodynamic data in correlation with postoperative outcomes at the 3 centers of Denver, Edmonton, and Toronto ...
Lefevre N - - 2013
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to compare the results of the GNRB(®) arthrometer to those of Telos™ in the diagnosis of partial thickness tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). METHODS: A prospective study performed January-December 2011 included all patients presenting with a partial or full-thickness ACL ...
Nam Denis - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patient specific cutting guides (PSC) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have recently been introduced, in which preoperative 3-dimensional imaging is used to manufacture disposable cutting blocks specific to a patient's anatomy. The purpose of this study was to compare the alignment accuracy of PSC to an imageless CAS system ...
Ahmed Geraldine M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is significantly elevated in patients with symptomatic apical periodontitis and to correlate this with the detected amount of gram-negative bacteria. Twenty-six patients with periapical lesions involving at least 2 teeth were included in ...
Romlin Birgitta S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Earlier detection of coagulopathy in pediatric cardiac surgery patients. AIM: To determine whether thromboelastometry (TEM) analysis before weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and hemoconcentration is predictive of post-CPB results and whether analysis of clot firmness already after 10 min yields reliable results. BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery with CPB induces a coagulopathy ...
Oktar Tayfun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The correlation between intratesticular pressure (ITP) during testicular torsion/detorsion and subsequent function and viability has been reported in several recent studies. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of tunica albuginea incision with tunica vaginalis flap coverage on ITP and future histopathological parameters in a rat ...
Maas Matthew B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation increases the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), yet whether different underlying disease processes are equally affected is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that coagulopathy, measured by admission international normalized ratio (INR), disproportionately increases the risk for lobar hemorrhages. METHODS: Patients with primary ICH were enrolled into a registry ...
Vishwanathan Karthik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Responsiveness and floor and ceiling effect are important parameters for evaluating the sensitivity of an outcome instrument in detecting the changes in the clinical condition of patients after an intervention as well as evaluating the content validity of the instrument. The aim of this prospective observational study was to ...
Montes-Worboys Ana - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyse the normalization rate of compression ultrasonography after a first episode of proximal deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Patients underwent compressive ultrasound (C-US) examinations during the 3-6 months following the first proximal DVT episode. Normalization rate of compressive ultrasound (C-US) during the follow-up period ...
Shiono Akira - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate prognostic factors for visual improvement in patients undergoing vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane (ERM) using spectral domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 41 eyes of 38 patients. METHODS: A total of 41 eyes of 38 patients with idiopathic ERM underwent ...
Crepeau Amy Z - - 2013
To determine the prognostic value of an EEG grading scale and clinical outcome of treated seizures detected with continuous EEG (cEEG) during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and rewarming post cardiac arrest (CA). Our cohort study retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records and cEEGs of all patients undergoing TH after CA under ...
Alam Mahbub - - 2013
The dial test can be improved by providing reproducible, accurate measurements to improve diagnosis and treatment comparisons. Validation of a rotational measurement device (RMD) for measuring knee internal-external rotational laxity. Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. The RMD consisted of 3 components: a femoral clamp and a tibial splint ...
Korun Oktay - - 2013
Cardioplegic arrest is one of the most common myocardial protection strategies. A wide variety of cardioplegic solutions are routinely being used. There is an ongoing discussion about the relative effectiveness of these solutions considering myocardial protection. This study aims to investigate the hypothesis that the use of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) cardioplegia ...
Li Cheng - - 2013
Background: Stroke volume variation (SVV) has been shown to be a reliable predictor of fluid responsiveness. However, the predictive role of SVV measured by FloTrac/Vigileo system in prediction of fluid responsiveness was unproven in patients undergoing ventilation with low tidal volume. Methods: Fifty patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgery were randomly ...
Hosseini Seyed Mohammad Vahid - - 2013
Background: Role of pelvic osteotomy in surgical management of bladder exstrophy is controversial But pelvic rim closure importantly. Bulking agents have been used for perineal and pelvic dysfunction in adults. In this study, bladder extrophy repair was performed without pubic closure And bulking agent injections were used as the strut ...
Cheng Caixia - - 2013
Rats with osteoporosis were involved by combining ovariectomy (OVX) either with calcium and Vitamin D deficiency diet (Group D), or with glucocorticoid (dexamethasone) treatment (Group C). In the period of 1-12 months, dynamic PET-CT studies were performed in three groups of rats including Group D, Group C and the control ...
Szydlik Sławomir - - 2013
The aim of the studywas to evaluate lung function among patients who underwent Nuss Procedure. The analysis included spirometric evaluation of the lung function before Nuss Procedure, during perioperative period and after removing steel bars from behind the sternum. Material and methods.The study group involved patients operated on the pectus ...
Johnsen L G - - 2013
This prospective multicentre study was undertaken to determine segmental movement, disc height and sagittal alignment after total disc replacement (TDR) in the lumbosacral spine and to assess the correlation of biomechanical properties to clinical outcomes.A total of 173 patients with degenerative disc disease and low back pain for more than ...
Akbay Ercan - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between clinical, radiological and histopathological findings in nasal polyposis. Material and Method: This was a retrospective study of 85 patients with nasal polyposis who were treated by endoscopic sinus surgery between the years of 2005 and 2010. All patients ...
Shousha Shireen Ma - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) or epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis (Epi)-LASIK using Goldmann applanation tonometry, air puff tonometry, ocular response analyzer corneal compensated IOP (ORA IOPcc) and Pentacam corrected IOP. A prospective comparative ...
Pfister Marcel - - 2013
To assess the levels of inflammatory and angiogenic cytokines in undiluted vitreous from treatment-naïve patients with macular edema secondary to nonischemic branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), with flow cytometric bead array (CBA) and to correlate the results with subjective and multiple spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) parameters. A total of ...
Mohanty Shubhranshu S - - 2013
Posterior tibial slope (PTS) is an important factor affecting postoperative range of motion (ROM) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Metaphysio-diaphyseal angle (MDA) is a new entity defined as angle between proximal anatomical axis and metaphyseal axis of tibia. This study was undertaken to determine PTS in Indian patients and find ...
Zhang Ning - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between higher-order aberration (HOA) and myopic progression in school children. Between April 23, 2011 and August 29, 2011 in the children's myopia outpatient clinic of the West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 148 eyes of 74 schoolchildren were reviewed. HOAs for a 6-mm pupil were measured ...
Hsiao Sheng-Mou - - 2013
Accurate assessment of patient bladder capacity is important in determining the proper initial treatment for lower urinary tract dysfunctions and as well as for monitoring therapeutic outcomes. However, urodynamic study is an invasive procedure. Thus, it is important to find a surrogate for invasive urodynamic study, and the aim of ...
Alizadeh Farshid - - 2013
To investigate the effect of polyacrylate polyalcohol copolymer (Vantris) injection for the correction of VUR in children according to ureteral orifice shape and VUR grade. Forty children (29 girls and 11 boys) with 61 renal refluxing units (RRU) and primary VUR underwent endoscopic correction of their reflux, using Vantris. Under ...
Zhao Jing - - 2013
To investigate the morphology of corneal caps in femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and its relation to the refractive outcomes. A prospective study of fifty-four corneal caps created with VisuMax femtosecond laser were examined using an Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month and ...
Froholdt Anne - - 2013
To compare lumbar disc degeneration at 9-year follow-up in patients with chronic low back pain who had instrumented lumbar fusion or no fusion. The main outcomes were disc height and sagittal alignment measured by Distortion Compensated Roentgen Analysis (DCRA). Secondary outcome included the Oswestry Disability Index and VAS back pain. ...
Koch Eva Charlotte - - 2013
Purpose. Fluorescein angiographic studies revealed prolonged arteriovenous passage (AVP) times and increased fluorescein filling defects in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) compared to healthy controls. The purpose of this study was to correlate baseline AVP and fluorescein filling defects with visual field progression in patients with NTG. Patients and Methods. Patients ...
Donati Abele A Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, Department of Biomedical Science and Public Health, Università Politecnica delle Marche, via Tronto 10, 60126 Torrette di Ancona, Italy. - - 2013
The role of recombinant activated protein C (aPC) during sepsis is still controversial. It showed anti-inflammatory effect and improved the microvascular perfusion in experimental models of septic shock. The present study was aimed at testing the hypothesis that recombinant aPC therapy improves the microcirculation during severe sepsis. Prospective observational study ...
Shah Prerana N PN Department of Anaesthesiology, Seth GSMC and KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, - - 2013
Central venous catheterization is done frequently in cardiac surgery and intensive care settings. Faulty positioning of the catheter can cause many complications. The aim of our study was to study the average depth of insertion and formulate a general guideline through the right internal jugular vein (IJV). The right IJV ...
Boyd Tristan A TA Department of Internal Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between function and disease activity in early inflammatory arthritis (EIA). Canadian Early Arthritis Cohort (CATCH) (n=1143) is a multi-site EIA cohort. Correlations between the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ) and DAS28 were done at every 3 months for the first year and then at 18 ...
Androsz-Kowalska Olga O Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases as well as periodontitis can be regarded as current epidemics and have become a social problem. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a simple, routinely assessed biochemical parameter, which is becoming regarded asa new, independent risk factor of acute coronary syndromes and stroke. Assessment of a potential relationship between ...
Zandstra H H Junior - - 2013
If success rate of external cephalic version (ECV) increases, the rate of primary caesarean sections -declines. The aims of this retrospective cohort study were to evaluate the ECV and to identify factors associated with the success rate of ECV for breech presentation at term. The second aim of this study ...
Patange Subbarao Sheethal Prasad SP Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital of Wales, 84 Colchester Avenue Penylan, Cardiff, - - 2013
Based on success of hip resurfacing, large head Metal on Metal (MoM) hip arthroplasty has gained significant popularity in recent years. There are growing concerns about metal ions related soft tissue abnormalities. The aim of this study was to define a correlation of metal ions with various functional outcome scores ...
Murakami Haruaki H Department of Digestive Surgery, Kawasaki Medical School, Japan. - - 2013
Multichannel electrogastrography (M-EGG) can be used to evaluate gastrointestinal motility. The myoelectric activity of the remnant stomach after surgery has not been measured by M-EGG. This study examined whether myoelectric activity varied with surgical technique and compared vagus nerve-preserving distal gastrectomy (VP-DG) with standard distal gastrectomy without vagus nerve preservation ...
Dietze Albrecht A Department of Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Rostock, Germany. - - 2013
Hallux valgus remains a common forefoot condition where different causes may contribute to the pathology. The extent of first ray mobility and, in particular, instability of the first tarsometatarsal joint represents a key argument in the debate on the selection of an appropriate operative treatment. Until now, assessment of first ...
Kang Dong-Hun - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Thromboembolic events are the most common complication following coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA). However, it remains unclear whether these clinically silent ischemic lesions (CSIL) have any clinical significance. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate cognitive outcome after coil embolization of asymptomatic UIA and its relationship with CSIL after the procedure. METHODS:: ...
Wikkelsø Carsten - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the CSF Tap Test (CSF TT) and resistance to CSF outflow (Rout) for the outcome of shunting in a sample of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: 115 patients were included in ...
Kabasawa Masashi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) often develops secondary to left heart disease. Tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP) is usually the treatment of choice for significant TRs, but recurrence of TR after surgery can occur. Previous studies have not clearly demonstrated the cause of the recurrent TR after TAP. By using an electrocardiogram-gated ...
Kincse Gyöngyvér - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess whether the efficacy of bisphosphonate treatment is influenced by PTH levels measured in newly diagnosed osteoporotic patients and to identify the threshold value, beyond which PTH level negatively influences therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight osteoporotic patients were ...
Angthong Chayanin - - 2013
To date, actual results of a minimally invasive distal linear metatarsal osteotomy (DLMO) via more explicit radiographic delineation are poorly understood and radiographic findings and clinical results have not been systematically correlated. Purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of DLMO using a precise radiographic mapping system; ...
Yana Akiko - - 2012
Background: The characteristics of the renal marker cystatin C (Cys-C) in association with the postoperative management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) remain unclear. Methods and Results: Serum Cys-C and creatinine (Cr) levels were measured preoperatively and on the third postoperative day in 53 consecutive CHD patients (age, 1 day-11 years). ...
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