Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1658
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Maas Matthew B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation increases the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), yet whether different underlying disease processes are equally affected is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that coagulopathy, measured by admission international normalized ratio (INR), disproportionately increases the risk for lobar hemorrhages. METHODS: Patients with primary ICH were enrolled into a registry ...
Vishwanathan Karthik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Responsiveness and floor and ceiling effect are important parameters for evaluating the sensitivity of an outcome instrument in detecting the changes in the clinical condition of patients after an intervention as well as evaluating the content validity of the instrument. The aim of this prospective observational study was to ...
Montes-Worboys Ana - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyse the normalization rate of compression ultrasonography after a first episode of proximal deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Patients underwent compressive ultrasound (C-US) examinations during the 3-6 months following the first proximal DVT episode. Normalization rate of compressive ultrasound (C-US) during the follow-up period ...
Shiono Akira - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate prognostic factors for visual improvement in patients undergoing vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane (ERM) using spectral domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 41 eyes of 38 patients. METHODS: A total of 41 eyes of 38 patients with idiopathic ERM underwent ...
Crepeau Amy Z - - 2013
To determine the prognostic value of an EEG grading scale and clinical outcome of treated seizures detected with continuous EEG (cEEG) during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and rewarming post cardiac arrest (CA). Our cohort study retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records and cEEGs of all patients undergoing TH after CA under ...
Alam Mahbub - - 2013
The dial test can be improved by providing reproducible, accurate measurements to improve diagnosis and treatment comparisons. Validation of a rotational measurement device (RMD) for measuring knee internal-external rotational laxity. Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. The RMD consisted of 3 components: a femoral clamp and a tibial splint ...
Korun Oktay - - 2013
Cardioplegic arrest is one of the most common myocardial protection strategies. A wide variety of cardioplegic solutions are routinely being used. There is an ongoing discussion about the relative effectiveness of these solutions considering myocardial protection. This study aims to investigate the hypothesis that the use of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) cardioplegia ...
Li Cheng - - 2013
Background: Stroke volume variation (SVV) has been shown to be a reliable predictor of fluid responsiveness. However, the predictive role of SVV measured by FloTrac/Vigileo system in prediction of fluid responsiveness was unproven in patients undergoing ventilation with low tidal volume. Methods: Fifty patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgery were randomly ...
Hosseini Seyed Mohammad Vahid - - 2013
Background: Role of pelvic osteotomy in surgical management of bladder exstrophy is controversial But pelvic rim closure importantly. Bulking agents have been used for perineal and pelvic dysfunction in adults. In this study, bladder extrophy repair was performed without pubic closure And bulking agent injections were used as the strut ...
Cheng Caixia - - 2013
Rats with osteoporosis were involved by combining ovariectomy (OVX) either with calcium and Vitamin D deficiency diet (Group D), or with glucocorticoid (dexamethasone) treatment (Group C). In the period of 1-12 months, dynamic PET-CT studies were performed in three groups of rats including Group D, Group C and the control ...
Dietze Albrecht - - 2013
Background: Hallux valgus remains a common forefoot condition where different causes may contribute to the pathology. The extent of first ray mobility and, in particular, instability of the first tarsometatarsal joint represents a key argument in the debate on the selection of an appropriate operative treatment. Until now, assessment of ...
Szydlik SÅ‚awomir - - 2013
The aim of the studywas to evaluate lung function among patients who underwent Nuss Procedure. The analysis included spirometric evaluation of the lung function before Nuss Procedure, during perioperative period and after removing steel bars from behind the sternum. Material and methods.The study group involved patients operated on the pectus ...
Johnsen L G - - 2013
This prospective multicentre study was undertaken to determine segmental movement, disc height and sagittal alignment after total disc replacement (TDR) in the lumbosacral spine and to assess the correlation of biomechanical properties to clinical outcomes.A total of 173 patients with degenerative disc disease and low back pain for more than ...
Akbay Ercan - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between clinical, radiological and histopathological findings in nasal polyposis. Material and Method: This was a retrospective study of 85 patients with nasal polyposis who were treated by endoscopic sinus surgery between the years of 2005 and 2010. All patients ...
Shousha Shireen Ma - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) or epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis (Epi)-LASIK using Goldmann applanation tonometry, air puff tonometry, ocular response analyzer corneal compensated IOP (ORA IOPcc) and Pentacam corrected IOP. A prospective comparative ...
Pfister Marcel - - 2013
To assess the levels of inflammatory and angiogenic cytokines in undiluted vitreous from treatment-naïve patients with macular edema secondary to nonischemic branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), with flow cytometric bead array (CBA) and to correlate the results with subjective and multiple spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) parameters. A total of ...
Mohanty Shubhranshu S - - 2013
Posterior tibial slope (PTS) is an important factor affecting postoperative range of motion (ROM) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Metaphysio-diaphyseal angle (MDA) is a new entity defined as angle between proximal anatomical axis and metaphyseal axis of tibia. This study was undertaken to determine PTS in Indian patients and find ...
Murakami Haruaki - - 2013
Background: Multichannel electrogastrography (M-EGG) can be used to evaluate gastrointestinal motility. The myoelectric activity of the remnant stomach after surgery has not been measured by M-EGG. This study examined whether myoelectric activity varied with surgical technique and compared vagus nerve-preserving distal gastrectomy (VP-DG) with standard distal gastrectomy without vagus nerve ...
Zhang Ning - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between higher-order aberration (HOA) and myopic progression in school children. Between April 23, 2011 and August 29, 2011 in the children's myopia outpatient clinic of the West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 148 eyes of 74 schoolchildren were reviewed. HOAs for a 6-mm pupil were measured ...
Hsiao Sheng-Mou - - 2013
Accurate assessment of patient bladder capacity is important in determining the proper initial treatment for lower urinary tract dysfunctions and as well as for monitoring therapeutic outcomes. However, urodynamic study is an invasive procedure. Thus, it is important to find a surrogate for invasive urodynamic study, and the aim of ...
Alizadeh Farshid - - 2013
To investigate the effect of polyacrylate polyalcohol copolymer (Vantris) injection for the correction of VUR in children according to ureteral orifice shape and VUR grade. Forty children (29 girls and 11 boys) with 61 renal refluxing units (RRU) and primary VUR underwent endoscopic correction of their reflux, using Vantris. Under ...
Zhao Jing - - 2013
To investigate the morphology of corneal caps in femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and its relation to the refractive outcomes. A prospective study of fifty-four corneal caps created with VisuMax femtosecond laser were examined using an Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month and ...
Froholdt Anne - - 2013
To compare lumbar disc degeneration at 9-year follow-up in patients with chronic low back pain who had instrumented lumbar fusion or no fusion. The main outcomes were disc height and sagittal alignment measured by Distortion Compensated Roentgen Analysis (DCRA). Secondary outcome included the Oswestry Disability Index and VAS back pain. ...
Koch Eva Charlotte - - 2013
Purpose. Fluorescein angiographic studies revealed prolonged arteriovenous passage (AVP) times and increased fluorescein filling defects in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) compared to healthy controls. The purpose of this study was to correlate baseline AVP and fluorescein filling defects with visual field progression in patients with NTG. Patients and Methods. Patients ...
Donati Abele A Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, Department of Biomedical Science and Public Health, Università Politecnica delle Marche, via Tronto 10, 60126 Torrette di Ancona, Italy. - - 2013
The role of recombinant activated protein C (aPC) during sepsis is still controversial. It showed anti-inflammatory effect and improved the microvascular perfusion in experimental models of septic shock. The present study was aimed at testing the hypothesis that recombinant aPC therapy improves the microcirculation during severe sepsis. Prospective observational study ...
Shah Prerana N PN Department of Anaesthesiology, Seth GSMC and KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, - - 2013
Central venous catheterization is done frequently in cardiac surgery and intensive care settings. Faulty positioning of the catheter can cause many complications. The aim of our study was to study the average depth of insertion and formulate a general guideline through the right internal jugular vein (IJV). The right IJV ...
Boyd Tristan A TA Department of Internal Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between function and disease activity in early inflammatory arthritis (EIA). Canadian Early Arthritis Cohort (CATCH) (n=1143) is a multi-site EIA cohort. Correlations between the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ) and DAS28 were done at every 3 months for the first year and then at 18 ...
Androsz-Kowalska Olga O Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases as well as periodontitis can be regarded as current epidemics and have become a social problem. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a simple, routinely assessed biochemical parameter, which is becoming regarded asa new, independent risk factor of acute coronary syndromes and stroke. Assessment of a potential relationship between ...
Zandstra H H Junior - - 2013
If success rate of external cephalic version (ECV) increases, the rate of primary caesarean sections -declines. The aims of this retrospective cohort study were to evaluate the ECV and to identify factors associated with the success rate of ECV for breech presentation at term. The second aim of this study ...
Patange Subbarao Sheethal Prasad SP Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital of Wales, 84 Colchester Avenue Penylan, Cardiff, - - 2013
Based on success of hip resurfacing, large head Metal on Metal (MoM) hip arthroplasty has gained significant popularity in recent years. There are growing concerns about metal ions related soft tissue abnormalities. The aim of this study was to define a correlation of metal ions with various functional outcome scores ...
Kang Dong-Hun - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Thromboembolic events are the most common complication following coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA). However, it remains unclear whether these clinically silent ischemic lesions (CSIL) have any clinical significance. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate cognitive outcome after coil embolization of asymptomatic UIA and its relationship with CSIL after the procedure. METHODS:: ...
Wikkelsø Carsten - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the CSF Tap Test (CSF TT) and resistance to CSF outflow (Rout) for the outcome of shunting in a sample of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: 115 patients were included in ...
Kabasawa Masashi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) often develops secondary to left heart disease. Tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP) is usually the treatment of choice for significant TRs, but recurrence of TR after surgery can occur. Previous studies have not clearly demonstrated the cause of the recurrent TR after TAP. By using an electrocardiogram-gated ...
Kincse Gyöngyvér - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess whether the efficacy of bisphosphonate treatment is influenced by PTH levels measured in newly diagnosed osteoporotic patients and to identify the threshold value, beyond which PTH level negatively influences therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight osteoporotic patients were ...
Angthong Chayanin - - 2013
To date, actual results of a minimally invasive distal linear metatarsal osteotomy (DLMO) via more explicit radiographic delineation are poorly understood and radiographic findings and clinical results have not been systematically correlated. Purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of DLMO using a precise radiographic mapping system; ...
Yana Akiko - - 2012
Background: The characteristics of the renal marker cystatin C (Cys-C) in association with the postoperative management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) remain unclear. Methods and Results: Serum Cys-C and creatinine (Cr) levels were measured preoperatively and on the third postoperative day in 53 consecutive CHD patients (age, 1 day-11 years). ...
Yoo Jeong Joon - - 2012
PURPOSE: In an alumina-on-alumina total hip arthroplasty (THA), recommended with a small inclination angle <45°, the acetabular component (cup) may be positioned more medially to be covered almost completely by host bone. The purpose of this study was to identify the correlating factors and to evaluate the outcomes of medial placement ...
Wang Ching-Jen - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patellofemoral disorders are often associated with patellofemoral malalignment. Tibial tubercle transfer is an effective method to correct the patellofemoral malalignment. This study evaluated the long-term results of triple positioning of tibial tubercle osteotomy for refractory patellofemoral disorders with 10-year follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients with 62 ...
Amzallag J - - 2012
PURPOSE: High valgus tibial osteotomy is used to treat medial femoro-tibial osteoarthritis. Changes in patellar height due to high valgus tibial osteotomy can cause technical difficulties during subsequent knee arthroplasty. The primary objective of this study was to assess the hypothesis that patellar height decreases after opening-wedge osteotomy and increases ...
Maruna P - - 2012
Aprotinin, a nonspecific serine protease inhibitor, has been primarily used as a haemostatic drug in cardiac surgery with cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB). This study investigated the effect of Aprotinin on the post-operative levels of procalcitonin (PCT) and a set of cytokines in patients undergoing pulmonary artery endarterectomy (PEA). We analyzed 60 ...
Boullosa Daniel A - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in autonomic control of heart rate (HR), and fitness in a group of elite soccer players during the pre-season. METHODS: Eight professional male soccer players competing in the Spanish First Division were evaluated in July (week 1) and September (week ...
Elliott Christopher S - - 2012
PURPOSE: Recent studies showing a correlation between descent of the anterior and apical vaginal compartments suggest that cystoceles may recur if associated apical prolapse is not corrected. However, to date the anatomical relationship of apical prolapse with respect to cystocele has been incompletely reported. We present the predictive value of ...
van Jonbergen Hans-Peter W - - 2012
PURPOSE: Anterior knee pain (AKP) following total knee replacement (TKR) is both prevalent and clinically relevant. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the peer-reviewed literature, and to identify and assess the different modifiable and non-modifiable determinants that may be associated with the development of AKP in patients ...
Tykocki Tomasz - - 2012
Background: Microlesion effect (MLE) is a commonly observed phenomenon after electrode insertion into the subthalamic nucleus (STN) for deep brain stimulation (DBS). Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the presence of the MLE in the early postoperative period and the relationship between MLE and STN DBS. Methods: ...
Mansat Pierre - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The goal of a resurfacing shoulder arthroplasty is to reproduce the individual's anatomy while preserving the bone stock of the humeral head. This study investigated the hypothesis that resurfacing the humeral prosthesis restores normal glenohumeral relationships and correlates with the final clinical results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A resurfacing shoulder ...
Kumar Brijesh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hyperproteinorrhachia associated with vestibular schwannomas (VSs) may influence visual status independent of the effect caused by raised intracranial pressure. The role of cisterna magna CSF protein levels (CMCP) in determining visual outcome in patients with large to giant vestibular schwannomas (VSs) was prospectively investigated. METHODS: The mean CMCP levels ...
Mangone Massimiliano M Biomechanics and Movement Analysis Laboratory, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Azienda Policlinico Umberto I, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy. - - 2013
The aim of the present research is to evaluate the relationship between an X-ray-based method (i.e. the Raimondi method) and rasterstereography in the evaluation of vertebral rotation (VR) in a sample of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A total of 25 patients (9 males; mean age 14 ± 3 years; ...
Tsukada Sachiyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative soft tissue tension can significantly impact the range of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the level of impact remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between intraoperative soft tissue tension and postoperative range of motion. METHODS: This retrospective study included 504 ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To define the role of lower uterine segment (LUS) evaluation at term. DESIGN: Observational case-control study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Ninety-four patients were divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 45 multiparous single fetus pregnant women with up to two previous cesarean sections (CS). Group B consisted of ...
Becker Otávio Emmel - - 2012
The pharyngeal airway may change after skeletal movement in patients who have undergone orthognathic surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and pharyngeal airway changes in subjects with a Class III facial pattern who underwent double-jaw surgery (maxillary advancement and mandibular setback). The present retrospective study ...
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