Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1656
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Wang Yu - - 2013
Study Design. A radiographic follow-up and analysis.Objective. To investigate the postoperative curve change in Lenke 5C scoliosis, and to discuss how to select lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV).Summary of Background Data. 5C curves are relatively rare in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and few studies have focused on this type of AIS. ...
Brasileiro Augusto Cezar Lacerda - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The association between the ankle brachial index (ABI) and the measurement of intimal medial thickness (IMT) has not been fully studied. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis was higher in patients with ABI < 0.9 than in those with ABI > 0.9. METHODS: From ...
Zheng Gang - - 2013
Short- and long-term effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with cirrhosis are still unclear. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore CBF alteration patterns in cirrhotic patients after TIPS. Thirteen cirrhotic patients (7 male, 6 female, mean age 50.0 ± 9.3 years) underwent ...
Oestergaard Lisa G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The number of patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion procedures (LSF) has risen in recent years, but only few studies have examined different rehabilitation strategies for this patient group. PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of initiating rehabilitation either 6 or 12 weeks after a LSF based on the patients' physical performance ...
Schüttler Karl F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively investigate the development of patellofemoral osteoarthritis after the historical Insall's proximal realignment for patellar stabilisation in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. Furthermore, risk factors for recurrent patellar dislocation and for patellofemoral osteoarthritis development were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent patellofemoral ...
Yan T-L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a worldwide threat to human health with recurrence rates that vary widely. The precise correlation between H. pylori recurrence and socioeconomic development has not been determined. AIM: To determine H. pylori recurrence rates after successful eradication and their association with socioeconomic development metrics. METHODS: Bibliographical searches were ...
Davar Robab - - 2013
Endometrial receptivity is required for successful implantation and pregnancy. Despite the remaining controversy, many studies have shown that ultrasonographic endometrial thickness can be considered as an indicator of endometrial receptivity. The study objective was to investigate the effect of dilatation and curettage on the endometrial thickness. Enrolled in the study ...
Yoo J-Y - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between the transverse displacement of the proximal segment after bilateral sagittal osteotomy for mandibular setback and the amount and design of the mandibular setback. Patients who underwent either bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) alone or two-jaw surgery were selected, and cephalographic postero-anterior ...
Hara Shuya - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of preoperative and postoperative tear functions on visual outcome and the recovery of visual function following keratoplasty in eyes with keratoconus. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of 25 consecutive patients (5 females, 20 males, mean age: 34.3 ± 15.8 years (range: 19-70 years) with keratoconus who underwent either penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) ...
Torres-Claramunt Raúl - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether it is necessary to use the KSS, WOMAC and SF-36 scales in a Spanish speaking population. These 3 questionnaires were administered to 1000 consecutive patients in the TKA preoperative period. Pearson's correlation coefficient and coefficient of determination were obtained. 196 patients ...
Neuzil Petr - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation is the most prevalent approach for catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Long-term success of the procedure is diminished by arrhythmia recurrences occurring predominantly due to reconnections in previously isolated PVs. The aim of the EFFICAS I multicenter study was to demonstrate the correlation ...
Koyama Tetsuo - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between fractional anisotropy (FA) values of magnetic resonance-diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and motor outcome (1 month after onset) in 15 patients with hemiparesis after ischemic stroke of corona radiata lesions. DTI data were obtained on days 14-18. FA values within the cerebral peduncle were analyzed ...
Jenny Jean-Yves JY Center for Orthopedic and Hand Surgery, University Hospital Strasbourg, Illkirch, France. - - 2013
We hypothesized that the measurement of the knee flexion angle measured with a specific Smartphone application was different from the reference measurement with a navigation system designed for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Ten consecutive patients operated on for navigation assisted TKA were selected. Six navigated and 6 Smartphone measurements of ...
Kuhn Margaret M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to use step activity monitoring to quantify activity changes after total hip arthroplasty in patients 50 years or less. Secondly, we investigated whether step activity measurements correlated with the Harris hip and UCLA scores. We prospectively analyzed 37 patients (age ≤ 50) treated ...
Altan-Yaycioglu Rana - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To compare tear meniscus height (TMH) and area (TMA) values obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) with the Schirmer test and tear-film break-up time (TBUT) values. Materials and methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, the right eyes of 300 consecutive patients were studied. All patients underwent routine ophthalmologic ...
Phetsouvanh Rattanaphone R Lao-Oxford-Mahosot Hospital-Wellcome Trust Research Unit, Microbiology Laboratory, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic. - - 2013
Inter- and intra-observer variation was examined among six microscopists who read 50 scrub typhus (ST) and murine typhus (MT) indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) immunoglobulin M (IgM) slides. Inter-observer agreement was moderate (κ = 0.45) for MT and fair (κ = 0.32) for ST, and was significantly correlated with experience (P ...
Sengul Aysen Taslak - - 2013
Objectives To assess the increase in lung volume after Nuss surgery in patients with pectus excavatum (PE) by using stereological methods and to evaluate the correlation between the lung volume and spirometry findings.Methods Twenty patients, treated for PE between 2008 and 2010, were evaluated prospectively. They underwent preoperative chest radiography, ...
Roitberg Ben Z - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Few have studied the correlation between patients' and spine surgeons' perception on outcomes, or compared these with patient-reported outcome scores. Outcomes studies are increasingly important in evaluating costs and benefits to patients and surgeons, and in developing metrics for payer evaluation and health care policy-making. OBJECTIVE: To compare patients' ...
Bell Johanna C - - 2013
The level of function achieved following a transfemoral amputation is believed to be affected by surgical attachment of the remaining musculature, resulting orientation of the femur, residual limb length, and eventual prosthetic fit. Twenty-six subjects underwent gait analysis testing in the current preferred prosthesis more than twenty-four months postamputation. The ...
Tauchi Ryoji R Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa, Nagoya 4668550, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between cervical range of motion and cervical pedicle screw (CPS) misplacement in cervical posterior spinal fusion surgery using a CT-based navigation system. A total of 46 consecutive patients with cervical posterior spinal fusion surgery using CPSs were evaluated retrospectively. We ...
Koluman Basak Unver - - 2013
Aims: Vascular calcification and atherosclerosis play a vital role in the development of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients, especially when complications of diabetic nephropathy occur. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and fetuin-A are two markers of vascular calcification. We evaluated the association between these vascular markers and urinary albumin excretion in ...
Matsuzaki Tokio T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate kinematic factors affecting postoperative knee flexion after cruciate-retaining (CR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by analysing pre- and postoperative knee kinematics. We retrospectively analysed 58 patients with osteoarthritis who received the same implant series. Pre- and postoperative kinematics were measured intraoperatively using a ...
Rolls A E - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Accurate assessment and credentialing of physicians is essential. Objective motion analysis of guide-wire/catheter manipulation to assess proficiency during endovascular interventions remains unexplored. This study aims to assess its feasibility and its role in evaluation of technical ability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A semi-automated catheter-tracking software was developed which allows for ...
He Xiao-Nan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recently there has been a great deal of interest in the role of serum uric acid (SUA) in atrial fibrillation (AF). The objective of this study was to establish whether there is a relationship between levels of SUA and recurrence of paroxysmal AF after catheter ablation. METHODS: Three hundred ...
El-Metnawy Wafaa H - - 2013
A wide range of responses of patients with CPCML to IM has been reported. Several factors were proposed to predict response including molecular response at 3 and 6 months. To study the impact of pretreatment BCR-ABL transcript level on molecular response to IM, and to assess the value of the ...
Altan-Yaycioglu Rana - - 2013
Aims: To investigate the effect of surgery type on the postoperative astigmatism in pterygium surgery. Settings and Design: Retrospective comparative clinical trial. Materials and Methods: Data of 240 eyes that underwent pterygium excision were investigated. Following removal of the pterygium, patients underwent 5 different types of surgeries: Conjunctival autograft with ...
Gracitelli Mauro Emilio Conforto ME Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
To evaluate the correlation between radiographic parameters and functional assessments of patients with osteoarthritis of the shoulder who underwent shoulder arthroplasty and to describe the functional outcomes of this procedure in our institution. We evaluated 21 patients (22 shoulders) who underwent shoulder arthroplasty between 1998 and 2010 and with a ...
Eom Youngsub - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between tear film lipid layer thickness and other objective measurements such as tear film break-up time (TBUT), upper and lower meibomian gland losses, and Schirmer 1 test in patients with obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and normal controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty eyes of ...
Hwang Dae-Seok - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the effect of intended manual condylar positioning on skeletal changes from preoperative stage to posttreatment stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 23 patients divided into two groups according to surgery type: mandible-only setback surgery (group I) versus 2-jaw surgery (group II). CBCT-generated Half-Cephalograms were fabricated to ...
Jentzsch Thorsten T Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, - - 2013
Reconstruction of the extensor mechanism after resection of the proximal tibia is challenging, and several methods are available. A medial gastrocnemius flap commonly is used, although it may be associated with an extensor lag. This problem also is encountered, although perhaps to a lesser extent, with other techniques for reconstruction ...
Haensig Martin - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Conventional surgical risk scores are used to identify suitable candidates for transapical aortic valve implantation (TA-AVI) at present. However, these scores do not consider multiple high-risk conditions, including porcelain aorta, mediastinal irradiation or frailty. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive ability of the new EuroSCORE ...
Lee Sangmoon - - 2013
Objectives. Pituitary adenomas often cause deficits in visual acuity (VA) and visual field (VF) due to compression of the optic chiasm. This study is to identify factors most likely to predict the prognosis of VA and VF after transsphenoidal pituitary adenectomy. Materials and methods. Clinical records of patients who underwent ...
Angelberger Sieglinde - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The value of azathioprine metabolites (6-thioguanine nucleotides [6-TGN]) in monitoring clinical treatment response is still controversially discussed. Data regarding thiopurine metabolite levels and endoscopic improvement are lacking. METHODS:: Data were analyzed post hoc from a 1-year, multicenter, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized trial comparing azathioprine 2.0 to 2.5 mg/kg per day ...
Lekstan Andrzej - - 2013
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the fourth leading cause of death in the world, due to neoplastic disease. Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive disease leading towards pancreatic fibrosis. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP2 and 9) and their tissue ...
Park Ka Hee - - 2013
To evaluate the ocular motility factors associated with the rate of exodrift after surgical correction of intermittent exotropia and to determine whether the rate had an effect on the subsequent postoperative ocular alignment. Consecutive patients who underwent surgical correction of intermittent exotropia between 2009 and 2010 were observed for 12 ...
Tang Ya-Juan - - 2013
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is one of the main causes of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). No established link is available between pathological scores of CAA and its outcome. This study aimed to identify the correlations between pathological severity and poor postoperative outcome in the Chinese population. Between May 2006 and ...
Engel Harald - - 2013
Objective: To examine the relationship of early serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels with the severity of post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS), long-term neurological recovery and the risk of early-onset infections in patients with coma after cardiac arrest (CA) treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH). Methods: A prospective cohort of adult comatose CA patients ...
Tepeler Abdulkadir - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate whether renal parenchymal thickness (RPT) has an effect on the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 144 patients with lower pole and/or renal pelvic stones who underwent PNL. The relationship between RPT and peri- and postoperative measures was evaluated. Results: The ...
Huber Juliusz - - 2013
Surgery of meniscus tear results in limitation of function. The aim of study was functional assessment of knee 1 year after surgery with two techniques in cases of the medial meniscus tear followed by the same supervised rehabilitation. A total of 30 patients with good KOSS scores constituted two equal groups ...
Akyüz Aydın - - 2013
Objective: In order to evaluate the utility of the heart rate performance index (HRPI), which is obtained by dividing HR mean by the difference of HR max and HR min in the context of Holter monitoring, we sought to determine whether there was any correlation or relationship between the HRPI ...
Zhao Garida - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the radiological factors that correlated with progression of collapse and joint space narrowing after transtrochanteric posterior rotational osteotomy (PRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. METHODS: This study reviewed 51 hips in 47 patients with a mean follow-up of 11 years (5-20). The subjects included 29 males ...
Rulewicz Gabriel J - - 2013
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that the degree of supraspinatus atrophy, as assessed with the tangent sign will significantly correlate with increasing rotator cuff tear size. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed assessing presence of muscle atrophy using the tangent sign, fatty atrophy based on Goutallier classification, and size of rotator cuff ...
Zhou Zhi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Outcomes of patients with single ventricle physiology undergoing cavopulmonary palliations depend on pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and have been suggested to be adversely affected by living at elevated altitude. We compared the pulmonary hemodynamic data in correlation with postoperative outcomes at the 3 centers of Denver, Edmonton, and Toronto ...
Lefevre N - - 2013
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to compare the results of the GNRB(®) arthrometer to those of Telos™ in the diagnosis of partial thickness tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). METHODS: A prospective study performed January-December 2011 included all patients presenting with a partial or full-thickness ACL ...
Nam Denis - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patient specific cutting guides (PSC) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have recently been introduced, in which preoperative 3-dimensional imaging is used to manufacture disposable cutting blocks specific to a patient's anatomy. The purpose of this study was to compare the alignment accuracy of PSC to an imageless CAS system ...
Ahmed Geraldine M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is significantly elevated in patients with symptomatic apical periodontitis and to correlate this with the detected amount of gram-negative bacteria. Twenty-six patients with periapical lesions involving at least 2 teeth were included in ...
Romlin Birgitta S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Earlier detection of coagulopathy in pediatric cardiac surgery patients. AIM: To determine whether thromboelastometry (TEM) analysis before weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and hemoconcentration is predictive of post-CPB results and whether analysis of clot firmness already after 10 min yields reliable results. BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery with CPB induces a coagulopathy ...
Oktar Tayfun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The correlation between intratesticular pressure (ITP) during testicular torsion/detorsion and subsequent function and viability has been reported in several recent studies. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of tunica albuginea incision with tunica vaginalis flap coverage on ITP and future histopathological parameters in a rat ...
Maas Matthew B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation increases the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), yet whether different underlying disease processes are equally affected is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that coagulopathy, measured by admission international normalized ratio (INR), disproportionately increases the risk for lobar hemorrhages. METHODS: Patients with primary ICH were enrolled into a registry ...
Vishwanathan Karthik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Responsiveness and floor and ceiling effect are important parameters for evaluating the sensitivity of an outcome instrument in detecting the changes in the clinical condition of patients after an intervention as well as evaluating the content validity of the instrument. The aim of this prospective observational study was to ...
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