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Results 251 - 300 of 1676
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Kupersmith Mark J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) loss occurs with multiple sclerosis and after optic neuritis. Vision or RNFL changes at presentation of optic neuritis are not predictive of outcome, but vision loss at 1 month correlates with vision deficits at 6 months. We hypothesized that RFNL thinning at 1 month ...
Sharma Nitin - - 2013
Background and Introduction Constipation following posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is common. We correlated the dimensions of rectal pouch before PSARP with the postoperative bowel habit. Classical PSARP was modified with tapering of rectal pouch by plication of its walls thus preserving the internal sphincter because we believe that this preserves ...
Preciado Diego - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Studies comparing the relative effectiveness of suprastomal stents in laryngotracheoplasty surgery are lacking in the literature. The goal of this study was to compare the performance of two widely used short-term suprastomal stents in open airway surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study of a single surgeon's outcomes for grade ...
Heinzelmann S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the visual outcome of femtosecond laser-assisted Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) to microkeratome-assisted DSAEK as well as to contrast precut versus surgeon-cut grafts. Histologic characterization of failed DSAEK grafts was performed in order to correlate ultrastructural changes with graft failures. ...
Flor Nicola - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We propose a diverticular disease severity score (DDSS) based on CT colonography (CTC) findings. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients (62 ± 14.5 years) underwent CTC after recovering from an episode of acute diverticulitis. Two independent readers classified each case using a four-point scale (DDSS), based on maximum sigmoid colon wall thickness (MSCWT) and minimum ...
Ishii Yoshinori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interval between the first and second operations for staged total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) in patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis. Depending on satisfactory preoperative health status, the patients determined the timing of the second operation. We also analysed correlations between the ...
Arunakul Marut M Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, - - 2013
No single radiographic measurement takes into account complete foot alignment. We have created the Tripod Index (TI) to allow assessment of complex foot deformities using a standing anteroposterior (AP) radiograph of the foot. We hypothesized that TI would demonstrate good intraobserver and interobserver reliability and correlate with currently accepted radiographic ...
Pfammatter Alain - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether closure of a tympanic membrane perforation with an intact ossicular chain results in a closure of the air-bone gap. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively collected data from 154 patients undergoing temporalis fascia myringoplasty for chronic otitis media simplex were identified. SETTING: Tertiary ...
Jean-Baptiste Hans - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical characteristics associated with combined adenomyosis and fibroids and to determine whether preoperative diagnosis by ultrasonography correlates with postoperative diagnosis by pathology. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 206 women who attended Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, USA, between July 1, 2007, and June ...
Motlagh Fateme Navab - - 2013
Biomechanical factors are known to be important in knee osteoarthritis (OA) development and progression. This study was designed to determine changes of hamstrings muscle activation, knee adduction moment and ankle rotation angle in two knee osteoarthritis (mild and moderate) and a healthy control group. 16 females (10 with mild and ...
Patrício Maria Sara - - 2013
Purpose: To study the correlation among cataract grading system by Scheimpflug imaging (Oculus Pentacam® Nucleus Grading System [PNS]), effective phaco time (EPT), and surgical time (ST) using peristaltic and venturi pumps on the Whitestar Signature Phaco System (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc., Santa Ana, California, USA). ‚Ä©Methods: Patients scheduled to have ...
Garofalo Marco - - 2013
The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (t-PCNL) in comparison with standard PCNL (s-PCNL). We retrospectively evaluated 317 consecutive PCNL and compared perioperative results, time of hospitalization and analgesic requirement of t-PCNL (114; 36.0 %) to s-PCNL (203; 64.0 %). The decision to ...
Bonnabel Arnaud - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the correlations between anatomical and functional changes studied with microperimetry (MPM) and spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) in patients after successful repair of idiopathic macular hole (MH). METHODS: Monocentric, retrospective, interventional study in 23 eyes of 23 patients who underwent successful surgery for MH defined as closure of the ...
Tian Ye - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is generally observed in brain injury and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients and is consistently associated with poor neurological outcome. Intracranial pressure variability (IPV) is a better predictor of long-term neurological outcome than mean ICP in traumatic brain injury patients. However, whether IPV regulates functional outcome ...
Dabal Robert J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Superior vena cava oxygen saturation monitoring in the early postoperative period after the Norwood procedure (NP) has been associated with improved survival and decreased adverse events (AE). There is no data describing inferior vena cava saturation (Sivo2) monitoring after NP. We sought to investigate the utility of intermittent Sivo2 ...
Ishii Yoshinori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies of medial and lateral femoral posterior condylar offset have disagreed on whether posterior condylar offset affects maximum knee flexion angle after TKA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked whether posterior condylar offset was correlated with knee flexion angle 1 year after surgery in (1) a PCL-retaining meniscal-bearing TKA implant, or in ...
Prachayakul Varayu V Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok 10700, Thailand. - - 2013
To determine the factors associated with clinical outcomes and complications of Histoacryl® glue injection for acute gastric variceal hemorrhage. Patients who presented to the Siriraj Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Center with active gastric variceal bleeding and were admitted for treatment between April 2008 and October 2011 were selected retrospectively for study inclusion. ...
Kim Seung-Ju - - 2013
Background and purpose Leg-length discrepancy (LLD) can be a sequela of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). We tried to identify factors that affect the development of LLD following SCFE. Patients and method We evaluated 85 patients who had been treated using percutaneous screw fixation. The average age of the patients ...
Mei-Dan Omer - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate and validate the accuracy and safety of a technique using an anterior approach for non-image-guided intra-articular injection of the hip by use of anatomic landmarks. METHODS: We enrolled 55 patients. Injections were performed before supine hip arthroscopy after landmarking and before ...
Yu Miao - - 2013
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship between the cervical spine and global spinal-pelvic alignment in young patients with idiopathic scoliosis based on a morphological classification, and to postulate the hypothesis that cervical kyphosis is a part of cervico-thoracic kyphosis in them. METHODS: 120 young patients with idiopathic scoliosis were recruited retrospectively ...
Bardakci Hasmet - - 2013
AIM: To compare the international normalised ratio (INR) value of patients evaluated using the CoaguChek XS versus conventional laboratory methods, in the period after open-heart surgery for mechanical valve replacement until a therapeutic range is achieved using vitamin K antagonists (VKA) together with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). METHODS: One ...
Brasileiro Augusto Cezar Lacerda - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The association between the ankle brachial index (ABI) and the measurement of intimal medial thickness (IMT) has not been fully studied. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis was higher in patients with ABI < 0.9 than in those with ABI > 0.9. METHODS: From ...
Zheng Gang - - 2013
Short- and long-term effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with cirrhosis are still unclear. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore CBF alteration patterns in cirrhotic patients after TIPS. Thirteen cirrhotic patients (7 male, 6 female, mean age 50.0 ± 9.3 years) underwent ...
Oestergaard Lisa G LG Department of Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy, Aarhus University Hospital, Noerrebrogade 44, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. - - 2013
The number of patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion procedures (LSF) has risen in recent years, but only few studies have examined different rehabilitation strategies for this patient group. To evaluate the impact of initiating rehabilitation either 6 or 12 weeks after a LSF based on the patients' physical performance using ...
Schüttler Karl F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively investigate the development of patellofemoral osteoarthritis after the historical Insall's proximal realignment for patellar stabilisation in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. Furthermore, risk factors for recurrent patellar dislocation and for patellofemoral osteoarthritis development were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent patellofemoral ...
Yan T-L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a worldwide threat to human health with recurrence rates that vary widely. The precise correlation between H. pylori recurrence and socioeconomic development has not been determined. AIM: To determine H. pylori recurrence rates after successful eradication and their association with socioeconomic development metrics. METHODS: Bibliographical searches were ...
Davar Robab - - 2013
Endometrial receptivity is required for successful implantation and pregnancy. Despite the remaining controversy, many studies have shown that ultrasonographic endometrial thickness can be considered as an indicator of endometrial receptivity. The study objective was to investigate the effect of dilatation and curettage on the endometrial thickness. Enrolled in the study ...
Yoo J-Y - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between the transverse displacement of the proximal segment after bilateral sagittal osteotomy for mandibular setback and the amount and design of the mandibular setback. Patients who underwent either bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) alone or two-jaw surgery were selected, and cephalographic postero-anterior ...
Hara Shuya - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of preoperative and postoperative tear functions on visual outcome and the recovery of visual function following keratoplasty in eyes with keratoconus. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of 25 consecutive patients (5 females, 20 males, mean age: 34.3 ± 15.8 years (range: 19-70 years) with keratoconus who underwent either penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) ...
Torres-Claramunt Raúl - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether it is necessary to use the KSS, WOMAC and SF-36 scales in a Spanish speaking population. These 3 questionnaires were administered to 1000 consecutive patients in the TKA preoperative period. Pearson's correlation coefficient and coefficient of determination were obtained. 196 patients ...
Neuzil Petr - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation is the most prevalent approach for catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Long-term success of the procedure is diminished by arrhythmia recurrences occurring predominantly due to reconnections in previously isolated PVs. The aim of the EFFICAS I multicenter study was to demonstrate the correlation ...
Koyama Tetsuo - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between fractional anisotropy (FA) values of magnetic resonance-diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and motor outcome (1 month after onset) in 15 patients with hemiparesis after ischemic stroke of corona radiata lesions. DTI data were obtained on days 14-18. FA values within the cerebral peduncle were analyzed ...
Jenny Jean-Yves JY Center for Orthopedic and Hand Surgery, University Hospital Strasbourg, Illkirch, France. - - 2013
We hypothesized that the measurement of the knee flexion angle measured with a specific Smartphone application was different from the reference measurement with a navigation system designed for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Ten consecutive patients operated on for navigation assisted TKA were selected. Six navigated and 6 Smartphone measurements of ...
Kuhn Margaret M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to use step activity monitoring to quantify activity changes after total hip arthroplasty in patients 50 years or less. Secondly, we investigated whether step activity measurements correlated with the Harris hip and UCLA scores. We prospectively analyzed 37 patients (age ≤ 50) treated ...
Altan-Yaycioglu Rana - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To compare tear meniscus height (TMH) and area (TMA) values obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) with the Schirmer test and tear-film break-up time (TBUT) values. Materials and methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, the right eyes of 300 consecutive patients were studied. All patients underwent routine ophthalmologic ...
Phetsouvanh Rattanaphone R Lao-Oxford-Mahosot Hospital-Wellcome Trust Research Unit, Microbiology Laboratory, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic. - - 2013
Inter- and intra-observer variation was examined among six microscopists who read 50 scrub typhus (ST) and murine typhus (MT) indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) immunoglobulin M (IgM) slides. Inter-observer agreement was moderate (κ = 0.45) for MT and fair (κ = 0.32) for ST, and was significantly correlated with experience (P ...
Sengul Aysen Taslak - - 2013
Objectives To assess the increase in lung volume after Nuss surgery in patients with pectus excavatum (PE) by using stereological methods and to evaluate the correlation between the lung volume and spirometry findings.Methods Twenty patients, treated for PE between 2008 and 2010, were evaluated prospectively. They underwent preoperative chest radiography, ...
Roitberg Ben Z - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Few have studied the correlation between patients' and spine surgeons' perception on outcomes, or compared these with patient-reported outcome scores. Outcomes studies are increasingly important in evaluating costs and benefits to patients and surgeons, and in developing metrics for payer evaluation and health care policy-making. OBJECTIVE: To compare patients' ...
Bell Johanna C - - 2013
The level of function achieved following a transfemoral amputation is believed to be affected by surgical attachment of the remaining musculature, resulting orientation of the femur, residual limb length, and eventual prosthetic fit. Twenty-six subjects underwent gait analysis testing in the current preferred prosthesis more than twenty-four months postamputation. The ...
Tauchi Ryoji R Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa, Nagoya 4668550, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between cervical range of motion and cervical pedicle screw (CPS) misplacement in cervical posterior spinal fusion surgery using a CT-based navigation system. A total of 46 consecutive patients with cervical posterior spinal fusion surgery using CPSs were evaluated retrospectively. We ...
Koluman Basak Unver - - 2013
Aims: Vascular calcification and atherosclerosis play a vital role in the development of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients, especially when complications of diabetic nephropathy occur. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and fetuin-A are two markers of vascular calcification. We evaluated the association between these vascular markers and urinary albumin excretion in ...
Matsuzaki Tokio T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate kinematic factors affecting postoperative knee flexion after cruciate-retaining (CR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by analysing pre- and postoperative knee kinematics. We retrospectively analysed 58 patients with osteoarthritis who received the same implant series. Pre- and postoperative kinematics were measured intraoperatively using a ...
Rolls A E - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Accurate assessment and credentialing of physicians is essential. Objective motion analysis of guide-wire/catheter manipulation to assess proficiency during endovascular interventions remains unexplored. This study aims to assess its feasibility and its role in evaluation of technical ability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A semi-automated catheter-tracking software was developed which allows for ...
He Xiao-Nan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recently there has been a great deal of interest in the role of serum uric acid (SUA) in atrial fibrillation (AF). The objective of this study was to establish whether there is a relationship between levels of SUA and recurrence of paroxysmal AF after catheter ablation. METHODS: Three hundred ...
El-Metnawy Wafaa H - - 2013
A wide range of responses of patients with CPCML to IM has been reported. Several factors were proposed to predict response including molecular response at 3 and 6 months. To study the impact of pretreatment BCR-ABL transcript level on molecular response to IM, and to assess the value of the ...
Gracitelli Mauro Emilio Conforto ME Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
To evaluate the correlation between radiographic parameters and functional assessments of patients with osteoarthritis of the shoulder who underwent shoulder arthroplasty and to describe the functional outcomes of this procedure in our institution. We evaluated 21 patients (22 shoulders) who underwent shoulder arthroplasty between 1998 and 2010 and with a ...
Altan-Yaycioglu Rana R Department of Ophthalmology, Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2013
To investigate the effect of surgery type on the postoperative astigmatism in pterygium surgery. Retrospective comparative clinical trial. Data of 240 eyes that underwent pterygium excision were investigated. Following removal of the pterygium, patients underwent 5 different types of surgeries: Conjunctival autograft with sutures (CAG-s) or fibrin glue (CAG-g), conjunctival ...
Eom Youngsub - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between tear film lipid layer thickness and other objective measurements such as tear film break-up time (TBUT), upper and lower meibomian gland losses, and Schirmer 1 test in patients with obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and normal controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty eyes of ...
Hwang Dae-Seok - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the effect of intended manual condylar positioning on skeletal changes from preoperative stage to posttreatment stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 23 patients divided into two groups according to surgery type: mandible-only setback surgery (group I) versus 2-jaw surgery (group II). CBCT-generated Half-Cephalograms were fabricated to ...
Jentzsch Thorsten T Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, - - 2013
Reconstruction of the extensor mechanism after resection of the proximal tibia is challenging, and several methods are available. A medial gastrocnemius flap commonly is used, although it may be associated with an extensor lag. This problem also is encountered, although perhaps to a lesser extent, with other techniques for reconstruction ...
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