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Results 201 - 250 of 1672
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Vasileiou Panagiotis V S - - 2013
Ιnterleukin-6 (IL-6) has been identified as an early biochemical marker of inflammation both in animal and human studies. With this study, we sought to examine the development of local inflammation of the glottic tissues in correlation with the duration of intubation in anesthetized pediatric patients. We measured IL-6 levels in ...
Yam Jason C S - - 2013
To evaluate the correlation between different fusional convergence parameters and the Newcastle Control Score (NCS) in children with intermittent exotropia. In this consecutive prospective observational series, 101 Chinese children with intermittent exotropia were examined by a single observer, who assessed the level of control using the revised NCS and measured ...
Temiz Gokhan - - 2013
The few studies on the morphology and functions of CAPD and peritoneum have tended to use histological and histomorphometrical methods. However, such methods are known to require biopsy, which is an invasive method. The present study aims to determine the morphological changes established by ultrasonography in CAPD patients, as well ...
Kiphuth Ines C - - 2013
Background and Purpose: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) as a result of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and perihematomal edema often leads to tissue shift, which can be identified in cross-sectional imaging and presents a known predictor of functional outcome. Pulsatility indices (PIs) of the intracranial arteries as measured by transcranial Doppler sonography ...
Bossola Maurizio - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the correlation between self-reported appetite and the time of recovery after the hemodialysis session (TIRD). Methods: All patients on chronic hemodialysis at the Hemodialysis Service of the Catholic University of Rome underwent assessment of appetite through the first three questions ...
Kang Hae Min - - 2013
To evaluate long-term visual outcome and investigate the prognostic factors after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Retrospective study. Analyses were done among 36 eyes (36 patients) with naïve PCV that were treated with intravitreal ranibizumab injections and completed at least 3-year follow-up. All clinical ...
Sedaghat Alexander - - 2013
The assessment of procedural risk is crucial in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Logistic EuroSCORE and STS score are currently used to estimate procedural risk and mortality for surgical and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The recently published EuroSCORE II might provide a helpful tool. The new EuroSCORE II ...
Li Jun - - 2013
The aim of this current study was to analyze the clinical outcomes after Discover cervical disc replacement and its effects on maintaining cervical lordosis and range of motion (ROM). The possible factors influencing postoperative ROM were analyzed. 27 men and 28 women with a mean age of 46.4 ± 8.7 years were prospectively ...
Chalmers Peter N PN Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2014
A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients who had undergone revision total hip arthroplasty with a synovial aspiration with greater than 100 WBC since the institution of our electronic medical record. Infection was defined using a combination of criteria. A diagnosis of periprosthetic sepsis was established in 52 ...
Lykissas Marios G - - 2013
To compare the functional outcomes of patients who underwent open surgery vs Ponseti method for the management of idiopathic clubfoot and to determine whether correlations exist between functional outcome and radiographic measurements. A meta-analysis of the literature was conducted for studies concerning primary treatment of patients with idiopathic clubfoot. We ...
Mayor Fernando - - 2013
Animal studies suggest that ischemic preconditioning prolongs coagulation times. Because coagulation changes could hinder the translation of preconditioning into clinical settings where hemorrhage may be an issue, such as ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, we evaluated the effects of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) on coagulation in patients undergoing RIPC after aneurysmal ...
Becker O E - - 2013
The soft tissues of the facial profile may change after skeletal movement in orthognathic surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the differences and correlation between hard and soft tissues after double-jaw surgery in skeletal Class III subjects. Radiographs from the following time points were assessed ...
Ishii Yoshinori - - 2013
Anteroposterior (AP) joint translation is an important indicator of good clinical outcome following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study evaluated the in vivo relationship between changes in the degree of voluntary soft tissue tension and flexion angle versus simultaneous AP translation after TKA. A posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)-retaining meniscal-bearing design ...
Engh Charles A CA - - 2013
Knee wear is commonly measured with the most recent radiograph based on the assumption that wear progresses at a constant rate. Changing patient activity or in vivo polyethylene deterioration are examples of factors that could cause wear rates to change over time. Using six or more radiographs on each of ...
Turin Tanvir Chowdhury - - 2013
Proteinuria identifies patients at risk for adverse clinical outcomes, but it is unclear whether proteinuria correlates with the rate of renal decline. We examined the association between proteinuria and rate of change in estimated GFR (eGFR) in a cohort of 638,150 adults from a province-wide registry in Alberta, Canada, who ...
Güngör Barış - - 2013
Red cell distribution width (RDW) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) have been found to be associated with cardiovascular diseases. Only a few trials have investigated the correlation of these parameters with postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the correlation of these parameters in non-valvular AF is still unclear. We retrospectively analyzed consecutive ...
Steinman Suzanne - - 2013
Madelung deformity is a disorder of growth of the distal aspect of the radius that is usually recognized in late adolescence near skeletal maturity. It results in a characteristic wrist deformity, decreased wrist motion, and wrist pain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term results in patients treated ...
Diec Jennie - - 2013
To report the performance of various contact lenses and lens care solution combinations based on the combined response of subjective comfort and adverse events (AEs). A retrospective analysis of 28 lens/solution combinations each tested on approximately 40 participants who wore their assigned combination on a daily wear basis and were ...
Fujimori Takahito - - 2013
Object There are little data on the effects of plated, or plate-only, open-door laminoplasty on cervical range of motion (ROM), neck pain, and clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare ROM after a plated laminoplasty in patients with ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) versus those with ...
Singh Preet Mohinder - - 2013
Inhalation agents account for significant cost of short daycare procedures. The estimation of this cost to pre-calculate expected expenditure is not available in literature. As for intravenous agents, their relations to weight and other demographic parameters are also not well established. The present study aims to evaluate the above concern. ...
Miyahara Shunsuke - - 2013
The study aim was to examine the echocardiographic features associated with recurrent aortic regurgitation (AR) after valve-preserving aortic root reconstruction surgery. Echocardiographic data from 86 patients who underwent aortic root replacement with or without cusp repair were retrospectively reviewed. An analysis was conducted of the height difference between the level ...
Shashanka Chunduri - - 2013
Real-time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (RT3DE) is a relatively recent imaging technique that provides excellent image quality of the mitral valve. It has been suggested that this new echocardiographic modality, which allows a precise cross-section of the mitral orifice at the tips of the leaflets with correct plane orientation, may provide ...
Zahran S M - - 2013
To test the role of T helper cell Th1 immunity we recruited 24 patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenia associated with H. pylori seropositivity. They were divided into 2 groups: 12 with immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (Group 1) and 12 with non-immune mediated thrombocytopenia (Group 2). We also recruited 10 individuals seronegative for H. ...
Kowalczyk Michał M Ist Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical University of Lublin, Poland. - - 2013
A pulse oximeter is a standard device for perioperative monitoring. It is well known that the early detection of tissue hypoxia is of great importance. It has been made easier due to a new generation pulse oximetry device from Masimo. This enables measurements of the peripheral perfusion index (PI) in ...
Wei Liuqing - - 2013
To compare different nasal cavity nursing methods on mechanically ventilated patients. According to acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHEII), 615 cases of mechanically ventilated patients were divided into group A, group B and group C by stratified random method. Traditional oral nursing plus aspirating secretions from oral cavity and ...
Haselbach Stephanie - - 2013
Abstract Background: Heparin is the standard drug for anticoagulation treatment and is used in many cardiac surgical interventions to prevent blood clotting. The anticoagulation status is controlled by various clotting tests. However, these tests depend on parameters like temperature, hemodilution etc. and are thus not applicable for a direct monitoring ...
Gasior Alessandra C - - 2013
Foreign bodies in the esophagus are common in children. Time from ingestion to presentation is variable, and may not be known. Our center usually performs Foley catheter balloon extraction under fluoroscopy as the first step to attempt removal to prevent all patients from going to the operating room. The efficacy ...
Chojnacki Cezary C Department of Gastroenterology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, - - 2013
To study an assessment of the number of enterochromaffin cells and expression of hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase in colonic mucosa and urine excretion of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin in patients with ulcerative colitis. The study included 30 healthy subjects (group I-C), 30 patients with ulcerative proctitis [group II-ulcerative proctitis (UP)] and 30 patients with ulcerative colitis [group ...
Ho Jason C - - 2013
It has been suggested that glenoid component retroversion and eccentric loading are an important mechanism leading to glenoid component loosening, but little clinical data have been published to support this concept. Sixty-six shoulders underwent total shoulder replacement with an all-polyethylene press-fit pegged glenoid component designed for osseous ingrowth for treatment ...
Wasserman Molly - - 2013
AIM: Reservoir ileitis (pouchitis) is the most common complication after pelvic pouch surgery for ulcerative colitis and the aetiology remains largely unknown. The anal transition zone contains the only remaining colonic epithelium after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and may provide important clues as to whether ulcerative colitis and pouchitis share a ...
Clément Jean-Luc - - 2013
PURPOSE: Sagittal spine and pelvic alignment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is poorly described in the literature. It generally reports the sagittal alignment with regard to the type of curve and never correlated to the thoracic kyphosis. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between thoracic kyphosis, ...
Wang Yu Y Department of Orthopaedics E, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. - - 2013
A radiographical follow-up and analysis. To investigate the postoperative curve change in Lenke 5C scoliosis, and to discuss how to select lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV). 5C curves are relatively rare in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and few studies have focused on this type of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Such questions as "How ...
Alegria-Barrero Eduardo - - 2013
Aims: Percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair with the MitraClip® was shown to be a safe and feasible alternative compared to conventional surgical mitral valve repair. We analyse the concept of the central clip and the predictors for the need of more than one MitraClip® in our high-risk surgical population with ...
Zhang Lin - - 2013
To assess the corneal biomechanical parameters prior to and following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and epipolis laser in situ keratomileusis (epi-LASIK) and evaluate the probable correlative factors. Corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF) and other biomechanical metrics were measured and evaluated with an ocular response analyzer preoperatively and ...
Boss Oliver L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to correlate various radiological parameters with clinical outcome in patients who had undergone lumbar total disc replacement (TDR). Lumbar TDR is one possible treatment option in patients with low back pain (LBP), offering an alternative to lumbar fusion. Favourable clinical outcome hinges on ...
Mukaiyama Keijiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite remarkable improvement in Cobb angle after surgery for scoliosis, many patients have a residual rib hump. We studied the factors responsible for this hump and their influence on patient satisfaction. METHODS: We recruited 2 men and 38 women (mean age 14.9 years) who underwent skip pedicle screw fixation combined ...
Vega-Estrada Alfredo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To report the long-term refractive and optical quality outcomes of patients with intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) to treat keratoconus and to analyze the results according to the patients' age. SETTING: Vissum Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain. DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: The uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected ...
Shi Zhicai - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of the thoracoplasty on the pulmonary function after the posterior scoliosis correction operation. METHODS: From June 2001 to June 2010, 60 thoracic scoliosis patients (24 males, 36 females) were collected. Their average age was 17.6 ± 5.0 years. All patients underwent posterior 3-dimensional operation and ...
Han Kyung Eun - - 2013
To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements using a new tonometer-pachymeter device (Tonopachy), Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT), dynamic contour tonometry (DCT), and noncontact tonometry (NCT) before and after myopic laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Prospective comparative observational ...
Harreld Kevin - - 2013
The degree to which subjective patient-reported measures reflects objective findings or how well subjective and objective measures reflect patient satisfaction is not well established. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between such measures before and after shoulder arthroplasty. A group of 174 patients (93 total shoulder ...
Shin Su Hwan - - 2013
The present study was done to define the degree of intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP) causing bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)/lower urinary tract symptoms. We retrospectively evaluated 239 patients with BPH, analyzing age, IPP, prostate volume, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and the results from ...
De Smet Luc - - 2013
The effect of the three-ligament tenodesis on the scapholunate angle and scapholunate gap was studied. A comparison was made between these angles preoperatively and postoperatively in 12 patients. There was a significant decrease in the scapholunate angle from 77 to 68 degrees, and the scapholunate gap was reduced from 4.25 ...
Nousia C S - - 2013
Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins such as fibronectin and collagen III, enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinases and macrophages have been demonstrated to intervene in nasal and paranasal sinuses wound healing. To compare concentration of ECM proteins, enzymes and the recruitment of macrophages during wound repair after monopolar electrocautery in contrast with ...
Toyserkani N M - - 2013
Not much is known about long-term satisfaction of septoplasty. Our goal was to compare pre- and postoperative acoustic rhinometry measurements with satisfaction 11 years after surgery. Acoustic rhinometry measurements were performed preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. Satisfaction was evaluated with semi-structured interviews by telephone 11 years after surgery. Symptoms were ...
Liu Zhen - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate which pre- and postoperative radiographic parameters are significantly correlated with the immediate postoperative coronal balance (CB) in Lenke 5C AIS patients, and to identify any radiographic parameter that is correlated with the ultimate CB at a minimum follow-up of 2 years. METHODS: Forty Lenke 5C AIS patients were ...
Soga Taketomo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-derived variables during a vascular occlusion test (VOT) have recently been used to evaluate peripheral circulatory insufficiency in patients with sepsis. We investigated the relationship between NIRS-derived variables and the lactate concentration during sepsis. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Forty-one patients with sepsis were divided ...
Kupersmith Mark J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) loss occurs with multiple sclerosis and after optic neuritis. Vision or RNFL changes at presentation of optic neuritis are not predictive of outcome, but vision loss at 1 month correlates with vision deficits at 6 months. We hypothesized that RFNL thinning at 1 month ...
Sharma Nitin - - 2013
Background and Introduction Constipation following posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is common. We correlated the dimensions of rectal pouch before PSARP with the postoperative bowel habit. Classical PSARP was modified with tapering of rectal pouch by plication of its walls thus preserving the internal sphincter because we believe that this preserves ...
Preciado Diego - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Studies comparing the relative effectiveness of suprastomal stents in laryngotracheoplasty surgery are lacking in the literature. The goal of this study was to compare the performance of two widely used short-term suprastomal stents in open airway surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study of a single surgeon's outcomes for grade ...
Heinzelmann S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the visual outcome of femtosecond laser-assisted Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) to microkeratome-assisted DSAEK as well as to contrast precut versus surgeon-cut grafts. Histologic characterization of failed DSAEK grafts was performed in order to correlate ultrastructural changes with graft failures. ...
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