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Ho Jason C - - 2013
It has been suggested that glenoid component retroversion and eccentric loading are an important mechanism leading to glenoid component loosening, but little clinical data have been published to support this concept. Sixty-six shoulders underwent total shoulder replacement with an all-polyethylene press-fit pegged glenoid component designed for osseous ingrowth for treatment ...
Wasserman Molly - - 2013
AIM: Reservoir ileitis (pouchitis) is the most common complication after pelvic pouch surgery for ulcerative colitis and the aetiology remains largely unknown. The anal transition zone contains the only remaining colonic epithelium after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and may provide important clues as to whether ulcerative colitis and pouchitis share a ...
Clément Jean-Luc - - 2013
PURPOSE: Sagittal spine and pelvic alignment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is poorly described in the literature. It generally reports the sagittal alignment with regard to the type of curve and never correlated to the thoracic kyphosis. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between thoracic kyphosis, ...
Alegria-Barrero Eduardo - - 2013
Aims: Percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair with the MitraClip® was shown to be a safe and feasible alternative compared to conventional surgical mitral valve repair. We analyse the concept of the central clip and the predictors for the need of more than one MitraClip® in our high-risk surgical population with ...
Zhang Lin - - 2013
To assess the corneal biomechanical parameters prior to and following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and epipolis laser in situ keratomileusis (epi-LASIK) and evaluate the probable correlative factors. Corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF) and other biomechanical metrics were measured and evaluated with an ocular response analyzer preoperatively and ...
Boss Oliver L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to correlate various radiological parameters with clinical outcome in patients who had undergone lumbar total disc replacement (TDR). Lumbar TDR is one possible treatment option in patients with low back pain (LBP), offering an alternative to lumbar fusion. Favourable clinical outcome hinges on ...
Mukaiyama Keijiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite remarkable improvement in Cobb angle after surgery for scoliosis, many patients have a residual rib hump. We studied the factors responsible for this hump and their influence on patient satisfaction. METHODS: We recruited 2 men and 38 women (mean age 14.9 years) who underwent skip pedicle screw fixation combined ...
Vega-Estrada Alfredo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To report the long-term refractive and optical quality outcomes of patients with intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) to treat keratoconus and to analyze the results according to the patients' age. SETTING: Vissum Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain. DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: The uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected ...
Shi Zhicai - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of the thoracoplasty on the pulmonary function after the posterior scoliosis correction operation. METHODS: From June 2001 to June 2010, 60 thoracic scoliosis patients (24 males, 36 females) were collected. Their average age was 17.6 ± 5.0 years. All patients underwent posterior 3-dimensional operation and ...
Han Kyung Eun - - 2013
To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements using a new tonometer-pachymeter device (Tonopachy), Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT), dynamic contour tonometry (DCT), and noncontact tonometry (NCT) before and after myopic laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Prospective comparative observational ...
Harreld Kevin - - 2013
The degree to which subjective patient-reported measures reflects objective findings or how well subjective and objective measures reflect patient satisfaction is not well established. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between such measures before and after shoulder arthroplasty. A group of 174 patients (93 total shoulder ...
Shin Su Hwan - - 2013
The present study was done to define the degree of intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP) causing bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)/lower urinary tract symptoms. We retrospectively evaluated 239 patients with BPH, analyzing age, IPP, prostate volume, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and the results from ...
De Smet Luc - - 2013
The effect of the three-ligament tenodesis on the scapholunate angle and scapholunate gap was studied. A comparison was made between these angles preoperatively and postoperatively in 12 patients. There was a significant decrease in the scapholunate angle from 77 to 68 degrees, and the scapholunate gap was reduced from 4.25 ...
Nousia C S - - 2013
Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins such as fibronectin and collagen III, enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinases and macrophages have been demonstrated to intervene in nasal and paranasal sinuses wound healing. To compare concentration of ECM proteins, enzymes and the recruitment of macrophages during wound repair after monopolar electrocautery in contrast with ...
Toyserkani N M - - 2013
Not much is known about long-term satisfaction of septoplasty. Our goal was to compare pre- and postoperative acoustic rhinometry measurements with satisfaction 11 years after surgery. Acoustic rhinometry measurements were performed preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. Satisfaction was evaluated with semi-structured interviews by telephone 11 years after surgery. Symptoms were ...
Liu Zhen - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate which pre- and postoperative radiographic parameters are significantly correlated with the immediate postoperative coronal balance (CB) in Lenke 5C AIS patients, and to identify any radiographic parameter that is correlated with the ultimate CB at a minimum follow-up of 2 years. METHODS: Forty Lenke 5C AIS patients were ...
Soga Taketomo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-derived variables during a vascular occlusion test (VOT) have recently been used to evaluate peripheral circulatory insufficiency in patients with sepsis. We investigated the relationship between NIRS-derived variables and the lactate concentration during sepsis. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Forty-one patients with sepsis were divided ...
Kupersmith Mark J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) loss occurs with multiple sclerosis and after optic neuritis. Vision or RNFL changes at presentation of optic neuritis are not predictive of outcome, but vision loss at 1 month correlates with vision deficits at 6 months. We hypothesized that RFNL thinning at 1 month ...
Sharma Nitin - - 2013
Background and Introduction Constipation following posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is common. We correlated the dimensions of rectal pouch before PSARP with the postoperative bowel habit. Classical PSARP was modified with tapering of rectal pouch by plication of its walls thus preserving the internal sphincter because we believe that this preserves ...
Preciado Diego - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Studies comparing the relative effectiveness of suprastomal stents in laryngotracheoplasty surgery are lacking in the literature. The goal of this study was to compare the performance of two widely used short-term suprastomal stents in open airway surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study of a single surgeon's outcomes for grade ...
Heinzelmann S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the visual outcome of femtosecond laser-assisted Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) to microkeratome-assisted DSAEK as well as to contrast precut versus surgeon-cut grafts. Histologic characterization of failed DSAEK grafts was performed in order to correlate ultrastructural changes with graft failures. ...
Flor Nicola - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We propose a diverticular disease severity score (DDSS) based on CT colonography (CTC) findings. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients (62 ± 14.5 years) underwent CTC after recovering from an episode of acute diverticulitis. Two independent readers classified each case using a four-point scale (DDSS), based on maximum sigmoid colon wall thickness (MSCWT) and minimum ...
Ishii Yoshinori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interval between the first and second operations for staged total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) in patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis. Depending on satisfactory preoperative health status, the patients determined the timing of the second operation. We also analysed correlations between the ...
Arunakul Marut - - 2013
BACKGROUND: No single radiographic measurement takes into account complete foot alignment. We have created the Tripod Index (TI) to allow assessment of complex foot deformities using a standing anteroposterior (AP) radiograph of the foot. We hypothesized that TI would demonstrate good intraobserver and interobserver reliability and correlate with currently accepted ...
Pfammatter Alain - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether closure of a tympanic membrane perforation with an intact ossicular chain results in a closure of the air-bone gap. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively collected data from 154 patients undergoing temporalis fascia myringoplasty for chronic otitis media simplex were identified. SETTING: Tertiary ...
Jean-Baptiste Hans - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical characteristics associated with combined adenomyosis and fibroids and to determine whether preoperative diagnosis by ultrasonography correlates with postoperative diagnosis by pathology. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 206 women who attended Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, USA, between July 1, 2007, and June ...
Motlagh Fateme Navab - - 2013
Biomechanical factors are known to be important in knee osteoarthritis (OA) development and progression. This study was designed to determine changes of hamstrings muscle activation, knee adduction moment and ankle rotation angle in two knee osteoarthritis (mild and moderate) and a healthy control group. 16 females (10 with mild and ...
Patrício Maria Sara - - 2013
Purpose: To study the correlation among cataract grading system by Scheimpflug imaging (Oculus Pentacam® Nucleus Grading System [PNS]), effective phaco time (EPT), and surgical time (ST) using peristaltic and venturi pumps on the Whitestar Signature Phaco System (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc., Santa Ana, California, USA). ‚Ä©Methods: Patients scheduled to have ...
Garofalo Marco - - 2013
The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (t-PCNL) in comparison with standard PCNL (s-PCNL). We retrospectively evaluated 317 consecutive PCNL and compared perioperative results, time of hospitalization and analgesic requirement of t-PCNL (114; 36.0 %) to s-PCNL (203; 64.0 %). The decision to ...
Bonnabel Arnaud - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the correlations between anatomical and functional changes studied with microperimetry (MPM) and spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) in patients after successful repair of idiopathic macular hole (MH). METHODS: Monocentric, retrospective, interventional study in 23 eyes of 23 patients who underwent successful surgery for MH defined as closure of the ...
Tian Ye - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is generally observed in brain injury and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients and is consistently associated with poor neurological outcome. Intracranial pressure variability (IPV) is a better predictor of long-term neurological outcome than mean ICP in traumatic brain injury patients. However, whether IPV regulates functional outcome ...
Dabal Robert J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Superior vena cava oxygen saturation monitoring in the early postoperative period after the Norwood procedure (NP) has been associated with improved survival and decreased adverse events (AE). There is no data describing inferior vena cava saturation (Sivo2) monitoring after NP. We sought to investigate the utility of intermittent Sivo2 ...
Ishii Yoshinori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies of medial and lateral femoral posterior condylar offset have disagreed on whether posterior condylar offset affects maximum knee flexion angle after TKA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked whether posterior condylar offset was correlated with knee flexion angle 1 year after surgery in (1) a PCL-retaining meniscal-bearing TKA implant, or in ...
Prachayakul Varayu - - 2013
To determine the factors associated with clinical outcomes and complications of Histoacryl(®) glue injection for acute gastric variceal hemorrhage. Patients who presented to the Siriraj Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Center with active gastric variceal bleeding and were admitted for treatment between April 2008 and October 2011 were selected retrospectively for study inclusion. ...
Kim Seung-Ju - - 2013
Background and purpose Leg-length discrepancy (LLD) can be a sequela of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). We tried to identify factors that affect the development of LLD following SCFE. Patients and method We evaluated 85 patients who had been treated using percutaneous screw fixation. The average age of the patients ...
Mei-Dan Omer - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate and validate the accuracy and safety of a technique using an anterior approach for non-image-guided intra-articular injection of the hip by use of anatomic landmarks. METHODS: We enrolled 55 patients. Injections were performed before supine hip arthroscopy after landmarking and before ...
Yu Miao - - 2013
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship between the cervical spine and global spinal-pelvic alignment in young patients with idiopathic scoliosis based on a morphological classification, and to postulate the hypothesis that cervical kyphosis is a part of cervico-thoracic kyphosis in them. METHODS: 120 young patients with idiopathic scoliosis were recruited retrospectively ...
Bardakci Hasmet - - 2013
AIM: To compare the international normalised ratio (INR) value of patients evaluated using the CoaguChek XS versus conventional laboratory methods, in the period after open-heart surgery for mechanical valve replacement until a therapeutic range is achieved using vitamin K antagonists (VKA) together with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). METHODS: One ...
Wang Yu - - 2013
Study Design. A radiographic follow-up and analysis.Objective. To investigate the postoperative curve change in Lenke 5C scoliosis, and to discuss how to select lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV).Summary of Background Data. 5C curves are relatively rare in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and few studies have focused on this type of AIS. ...
Brasileiro Augusto Cezar Lacerda - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The association between the ankle brachial index (ABI) and the measurement of intimal medial thickness (IMT) has not been fully studied. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis was higher in patients with ABI < 0.9 than in those with ABI > 0.9. METHODS: From ...
Zheng Gang - - 2013
Short- and long-term effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with cirrhosis are still unclear. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore CBF alteration patterns in cirrhotic patients after TIPS. Thirteen cirrhotic patients (7 male, 6 female, mean age 50.0 ± 9.3 years) underwent ...
Oestergaard Lisa G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The number of patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion procedures (LSF) has risen in recent years, but only few studies have examined different rehabilitation strategies for this patient group. PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of initiating rehabilitation either 6 or 12 weeks after a LSF based on the patients' physical performance ...
Schüttler Karl F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively investigate the development of patellofemoral osteoarthritis after the historical Insall's proximal realignment for patellar stabilisation in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. Furthermore, risk factors for recurrent patellar dislocation and for patellofemoral osteoarthritis development were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent patellofemoral ...
Yan T-L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a worldwide threat to human health with recurrence rates that vary widely. The precise correlation between H. pylori recurrence and socioeconomic development has not been determined. AIM: To determine H. pylori recurrence rates after successful eradication and their association with socioeconomic development metrics. METHODS: Bibliographical searches were ...
Davar Robab - - 2013
Endometrial receptivity is required for successful implantation and pregnancy. Despite the remaining controversy, many studies have shown that ultrasonographic endometrial thickness can be considered as an indicator of endometrial receptivity. The study objective was to investigate the effect of dilatation and curettage on the endometrial thickness. Enrolled in the study ...
Yoo J-Y - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between the transverse displacement of the proximal segment after bilateral sagittal osteotomy for mandibular setback and the amount and design of the mandibular setback. Patients who underwent either bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) alone or two-jaw surgery were selected, and cephalographic postero-anterior ...
Hara Shuya - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of preoperative and postoperative tear functions on visual outcome and the recovery of visual function following keratoplasty in eyes with keratoconus. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of 25 consecutive patients (5 females, 20 males, mean age: 34.3 ± 15.8 years (range: 19-70 years) with keratoconus who underwent either penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) ...
Torres-Claramunt Raúl - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether it is necessary to use the KSS, WOMAC and SF-36 scales in a Spanish speaking population. These 3 questionnaires were administered to 1000 consecutive patients in the TKA preoperative period. Pearson's correlation coefficient and coefficient of determination were obtained. 196 patients ...
Neuzil Petr - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation is the most prevalent approach for catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Long-term success of the procedure is diminished by arrhythmia recurrences occurring predominantly due to reconnections in previously isolated PVs. The aim of the EFFICAS I multicenter study was to demonstrate the correlation ...
Koyama Tetsuo - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between fractional anisotropy (FA) values of magnetic resonance-diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and motor outcome (1 month after onset) in 15 patients with hemiparesis after ischemic stroke of corona radiata lesions. DTI data were obtained on days 14-18. FA values within the cerebral peduncle were analyzed ...
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