Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1592
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Priou Pascaline - - 2010
Few data are available on the long-term outcome of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) for obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). This study was designed to determine long-term survival, treatment adherence, and prognostic factors in patients with OHS in whom NPPV was initiated in an acute setting vs under stable clinical conditions. ...
Chi Chih-Hsien - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Although increasing consecutive compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is beneficial to patients, it possibly affects the workload and, ultimately, the quality of CPR. This study examines the effects of compression-to-ventilation ratio on external chest compression performance of rescuers. METHODS: Subjects were 17 health care providers. Each participant performed CPR ...
Kobayashi M - - 2010
The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of sivelestat, a selective neutrophil elastase inhibitor, on body fluid balance after transthoracic esophagectomy. Esophagectomy with elective lymphadenectomy may induce excessive release of neutrophil elastase, which then promotes vascular permeability and an excessive water shift from the intravascular space to ...
Du Tiekuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many studies have identified strong correlations between winter months and acute, unintentional carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. In this study, we aimed to investigate the incidence pattern of acute domicile-related CO poisoning in Beijing and its relation with climatic factors. METHODS: Data on CO poisoning were collected from the emergency ...
Figtree M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors associated with mortality and adverse outcome of community acquired cellulitis/erysipelas requiring hospital admission. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 395 episodes of cellulitis/erysipelas admitted to a tertiary referral hospital between January 1999 and December 2006. RESULTS: Mortality was 2.5% (10/395). There were 112 complications (28.4%). Median ...
Nicholls R J RJ Imperial College, St Mary's Campus, London, UK. - - 2010
Recent data associated higher mortality with medical rather than surgical intervention in patients with ulcerative colitis who require hospitalization. To examine factors influencing UC-related mortality in Scotland. Using the national record linkage database 1998-2000, 3-year mortality was determined after four admission types: colectomy-elective or emergency; no colectomy-elective or emergency. Of ...
Benus Robin F - - 2010
Selective digestive microbial decontamination (SDD) is hypothesized to benefit patients in intensive care (ICU) by suppressing Gram-negative potential pathogens from the colon without affecting the anaerobic intestinal microbiota. The purpose of this study was to provide more insight to the effects of digestive tract and oropharyngeal decontamination on the intestinal ...
Burkhart Christoph S - - 2010
Postoperative delirium after cardiac surgery is associated with increased morbidity and mortality as well as prolonged stay in both the intensive care unit and the hospital. The authors sought to identify modifiable risk factors associated with the development of postoperative delirium in elderly patients after elective cardiac surgery in order ...
Bessereau Jacques - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To establish the incidence and long-term prognosis of iatrogenic gas embolism. METHODS: This was a prospective inception cohort. We included all consecutive adults with proven iatrogenic gas embolism admitted to the sole referral academic hyperbaric center in Paris. Treatment was standardized as one hyperbaric session at 4 ATA for ...
Soares Márcio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) and 3 (SAPS 3), the Mortality Probability Models III (MPM(0)-III), and the Cancer Mortality Model (CMM) in patients with cancer admitted to several intensive care units (ICU). DESIGN: Prospective multicenter cohort study. ...
Ozsu Savas - - 2011
Despite diagnostic advances, delays in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) are common. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between delays in the diagnosis of PE and underlying risk factors for PE. We retrospectively evaluated the records of 408 patients with acute PE. Patients were divided into ...
Santini Marija - - 2010
Different pathogens cause different outcomes for patients with sepsis. They influence intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, ICU length of stay (ICU LOS) and the need for mechanical ventilation (MV). We undertook a retrospective data-based analysis over a 6-y period. Seventy-eight patients with methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and 74 patients with ...
Carron M - - 2010
AIM: The classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMATM) can be used in place of an endotracheal tube (ETT) as the ventilatory device during percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT). We aimed to investigate the possible loss of efficacy of cLMATM after tracheal intubation. METHODS: Severity of laryngeal lesions and efficacy of cLMATM were ...
Wu Ching-Tang - - 2010
In this study, we compared the effects of 3% hypertonic saline (HTS) and 20% mannitol on brain relaxation during supratentorial brain tumor surgery, intensive care unit (ICU) stays, and hospital days. This prospective, randomized, and double-blind study included patients who were selected for elective craniotomy for supratentorial brain tumors. Patients ...
Chiner Eusebi - - 2010
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) pneumonia is one of the most serious complications of this infection in adults. The objective of this study was to analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics in a large sample of patients with VZV pneumonia. This was a 10-y retrospective, descriptive, observational study. We studied 46 patients ...
Tenório Maria Tereza Freitas - - 2010
We observed the clinical and microbiological characteristics of several stages of bloodstream infections (BSI), as well as the mortality attributed to it in a tertiary hospital in the northeast of Brazil (in the city of Maceió, Alagoas). A prospective cohort of 143 patients who had at least one positive blood ...
Lucas da Silva Paulo S?rgio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to update the state of knowledge of unplanned extubations in the pediatric population. The main topics addressed in the current literature on unplanned extubations were: 1) incidence; 2) risk factors; 3) risk factors for reintubation after unplanned extubations; and 4) strategies to prevent ...
M?d?e B - - 2010
AIM: Retrospective study on the changing position impact on respiratory events in 14 rehabilitation tracheotomized tetraplegic patients, during 25 months. METHODS: Three positions were compared: permanently supine (16 periods), seated on <or=5 days/week (20 periods), or seated on >or=6 days/week (10 periods). The end-point was the incidence of the following ...
Wallet Florent - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few data are available on the efficacy of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in postoperative patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). METHODS: Seventy-two patients coming from the surgical wards with postoperative ARF were retrospectively evaluated. The major characteristics of patients who were intubated were compared with the characteristics of ...
Ley Sebastian - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-segment tracheobronchial malacia may cause life-threatening dysfunction of the airway system at different levels. This study presents the long-term follow-up (1992 through 2008) of patients who received surgical treatment with external tracheal stabilization in our institution. METHODS: Eleven patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. In surviving patients who presented for ...
Banyard Derek - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The advent of preformed silos has facilitated routine bedside placement often without any attempt of intestinal reduction. It is unclear whether a strategy of routine silo (RS) placement with delayed fascial repair is beneficial over attempted primary repair (aPR) and silo placement only for those patients who cannot be ...
Lee Kwangha - - 2010
Ventilating patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in the prone position has been shown to improve arterial oxygenation, but prolonged prone positioning frequently requires continuous deep sedation, which may be harmful to patients. We evaluated the meaning of early gas exchange in patients with severe ARDS under prolonged (> ...
Talwar Sachin - - 2010
To assess the effects of preoperative administration of allopurinol in patients undergoing open-heart surgery (OHS) for valvular heart diseases. In this prospective randomised double-blind study, 50 consecutive patients undergoing OHS for valvular heart disease were randomised into two groups of 25 patients each: (a) control group received placebo and (b) ...
Bhangu Aneel - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine differences in neutrophil levels between those receiving long-course neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCXRT) and those proceeding straight to surgery (StS) for rectal cancer, and in those who developed serious septic events within 30 post-operative days within each group. METHOD: Patients undergoing elective surgery between 2006 and ...
Taori Roshani N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To validate Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) and Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM) score. METHODS: All consecutive patients over a six month period were included in the study except patients with a PICU stay of less than 2 hours, those transferred to other PICUs, pediatric surgical cases, trauma patients ...
Shariatpanahi Zahra Vahdat - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ginger extract on delayed gastric emptying, developing ventilator-associated pneumonia, and clinical outcomes in adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Thirty-two ARDS patients who were dependent on mechanical ventilation and fed via nasogastric tube were studied. After enrollment, patients were randomized ...
Salah Nazar - - 2010
Cricothyroidotomy is the final rescue maneuver in difficult airway management. We compared 4 techniques of oxygenation via the cricothyroid membrane in a manikin. The techniques were wire guided, trocar, cannula with jet ventilation, and blade technique (scalpel with endotracheal tube). In the wire-guided group, the time taken to ventilation was ...
Sud Sachin - - 2010
Prone position ventilation for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) improves oxygenation but not survival, except possibly when AHRF is severe. To determine effects of prone versus supine ventilation in AHRF and severe hypoxemia [partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO(2))/inspired fraction of oxygen (FiO(2)) <100 mmHg] compared with moderate hypoxemia (100 ...
Staudinger Thomas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of prophylactic continuous lateral rotation therapy on the prevalence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay, and mortality in critically ill medical patients. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical study. SETTING: Three medical intensive care units of an university tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Patients ...
Shohrati Majid - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The reduced alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) activities of some phenotypes have been suggested as contributing to the development of respiratory diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with respiratory disease following exposure to sulfur mustard were divided into two groups of 50 based on their respiratory symptoms and compared ...
Zagli Giovanni - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a common procedure in critically ill patients, but the correct timing is still controversial. This study was designed to establish whether an early timing in video-guided Ciaglia Blue Rhino PDT affects the duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and the length of stay (LOS) in ...
Strøm Thomas - - 2010
Standard treatment of critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation is continuous sedation. Daily interruption of sedation has a beneficial effect, and in the general intesive care unit of Odense University Hospital, Denmark, standard practice is a protocol of no sedation. We aimed to establish whether duration of mechanical ventilation could ...
Peter John Victor - - 2010
The WHO classification of pesticides by hazard is based primarily on the acute oral and dermal toxicity to rats. In several Asian countries there is no legislation against the sale of Class I insecticides. We evaluated if there was an association between the WHO hazard Class I, II or III ...
D'Journo Xavier Benoit - - 2010
Respiratory complications are the most frequent concern following oesophagectomy. We aimed to assess the postoperative inflammatory response after oesophagectomy and to determine its reliability to predict the occurrence of pulmonary complications. A total of 97 patients were enrolled in this prospective observational study. All patients underwent a transthoracic oesophagectomy for ...
Lubnow Matthias - - 2010
The combination of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal with the interventional lung assist (iLA) in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) represents a novel treatment option. The study used a retrospective single-center analysis of 21 consecutive adult patients with severe ARDS, ventilated with HFOV/iLA. Efficiency, side ...
Abou Elella Raja - - 2010
Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a main cause of nosocomial infection in the critical care area. The development of BSI affects the surgical outcome and increases intensive care unit (ICU) morbidity and mortality. This prospective cohort study was undertaken to determine the incidence, etiology, risk factors, and outcome of BSI for ...
Phua Jason - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the outcomes of patients with bronchiectasis and acute respiratory failure (ARF) treated with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) after a failure of conservative measures, and to identify the predictors of hospital mortality and NIV failure. METHODS: Retrospective review of bronchiectatic patients on NIV (n ...
Hayakawa Mineji - - 2010
Neutrophil elastase plays an important role in the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in sepsis. Sivelestat is a selective neutrophil elastase inhibitor. It is possible that sivelestat improves the outcome of septic patients associated with ARDS and DIC. A retrospective data analysis of ...
Caroleo S - - 2010
Objectives. Strict glycemic control is increasingly recognized as an important goal in a broad spectrum of critically ill patients. We analyzed the inflammatory and clinical response of patients submitted to inten-sive or conventional insulinotherapy in a specific clinical context. Materials and Methods. We analyzed a prospective and randomized collected database ...
Salahuddin Nawal - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess results with NIV in acute hypercapneic respiratory failure and to identify outcome predictors. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study on consecutive patients presenting with acute type II respiratory failure and meeting criteria for NIV use over a 5 year period. Patients presenting with haemodynamic instability, inability ...
Cardoso Teresa - - 2010
To evaluate the impact of compliance with a core version of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign 6-hour bundle on 28 days mortality. Cohort, multi-centre, prospective study on community-acquired sepsis (CAS). Seventeen intensive care units (ICU) entered the study. Over a one year period, 4,142 patients were enrolled in the study. Of ...
Kollef Marin H - - 2010
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is associated with increased medical resource utilization, but few randomized studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of initial antibiotic therapy. To assess medical resource utilization in patients with VAP, we conducted a pooled analysis of two prospective, randomized, open-label, multicenter, phase III studies, which also ...
Permpikul Chairat - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Septic shock is one of the most serious conditions associated with high mortality. We recently developed a modified septic shock management guideline focusing on rapid restoration of hemodynamics by using clinical endpoint. Our aim was to analyze patients' outcomes following the guideline implementation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective review ...
Mathew P J - - 2010
There are reports that suggest that magnesium sulphate alone may control muscle spasms thereby avoiding sedation and mechanical ventilation in tetanus, but this has not been confirmed. We examined the efficacy and safety of intravenous magnesium sulphate for control of rigidity and spasms in adults with tetanus. A prospective clinical ...
Mayordomo-Colunga Juan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may be useful after extubation in children. Our objective was to determine postextubation NIV characteristics and to identify risk factors of postextubation NIV failure. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in an 8-bed pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Following PICU protocol, NIV was applied to ...
Shehabi Y - - 2010
Ventilated patients receiving opioids and/or benzodiazepines are at high risk of developing agitation, particularly upon weaning towards extubation. This is often associated with an increased intubation time and length of stay in the intensive care unit and may cause long-term morbidity. Anxiety, fear and agitation are amongst the most common ...
Wu Yao-Kuang - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical ventilation of patients may be accomplished by either translaryngeal intubation or tracheostomy. Although numerous intensive care unit (ICU) studies have compared various outcomes between the two techniques, no definitive consensus indicates that tracheostomy is superior. Comparable studies have not been performed in a respiratory care center (RCC) setting. ...
Kaya Akın - - 2010
Our aim was to determine associated factors with non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) failure in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure ninety live patients treated with NIMV for acute hypercapnic respiratory failure were evaluated. While success of NIMV was defined as absence of need of intubation with the patient's discharge from hospital, failure ...
Haasper C - - 2010
Despite recent advances in treatment of severe injured patients, e.g. due to damage control orthopaedics, multi organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and sepsis are major complications in daily practice. During one year 94 patients were prospectively collected. Inclusion criteria: ISS 16, age 18-60 y, primary admission to our level-1 trauma center, ...
Plurad David S - - 2010
Genetic variation is associated with outcome disparity in critical illness. We sought to determine if race is independently associated with the development of posttraumatic sepsis and subsequent related mortality. Our Intensive Care Unit database was queried for admissions from January 1, 2000 to June 30, 2007. Patients were prospectively followed ...
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