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Portner Oliver O Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Ottawa, 75 Pond Street, Ottawa, ON, K1L 8J1, Canada, - - 2014
According to the literature, closing and opening wedge high tibial valgus osteotomies can raise or lower the patella, and diffèrent methods of patella height measurement show similarly conflicting results. Clarification of this was thought to be important because there is much literature describing morbidity secondary to patella alta or patella ...
Fukuda Shinichi S Ophthalmology, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan - - 2014
Purpose: Evaluation of bleb morphology using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) can offer important information regarding bleb function after glaucoma surgery. However, analysis of tissue properties, such as scar fibrosis of blebs, is difficult with conventional OCT. The birefringence of the blebs as susceptible measure of fibrosis scar was ...
Wang Ya-Hsien YH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Yang-Ming University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Predicting functional improvement at an early stage after stroke is critical to setting treatment goals and strategies. The aim of this study was to identify factors that can predict motor function improvement at 3 months and 6 months poststroke. Forty-four patients with stroke were included in the study. We recorded ...
Baltajian Kedak K Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate if placental histopathological changes of vascular insufficiency correlate with circulating angiogenic factors in patients with preeclampsia. Materials and methods: Subjects were selected from a previous prospective cohort study of preeclampsia based on the availability of plasma anti-angiogenic factor (sFlt1) and pro-angiogenic factor (PlGF) measurements and placental histology ...
Argerakis Nicholas G NG From the New York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, New York (NGA, AKB)Weil Foot & Ankle Institute, Des Plaines, Illinois (NGA, LW, LSW, DA, CAF, EEK) - - 2014
Statement of Purpose. Excessive pronation of the rearfoot has been implicated as a destabilizing force in the progression of hallux abducto valgus. Although the scarf bunionectomy has been shown to effectively correct the intermetatarsal angle associated with hallux valgus deformity, its effect on the rearfoot has yet to be established. ...
Maffè Stefano S Division of Cardiology, SS Trinità Borgomanero Hospital, ASL No, Novara, - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia, with a high recurrence rate, especially during the first months after cardioversion (CV). Few parameters have been evaluated as predictors for the maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR), with limited results. Recently total atrial conduction time (TACT) has been proposed as independent ...
Narayanan Sareesh Naduvil SN Departments of Physiology and Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus), Manipal University, Manipal- 576 104, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Golgi-Cox staining method is considered as one of the best neurohistological and fascinating staining techniques to reveal the cytoarchitecture of the brain. Requirement of longer time (More than a month), laborious section processing steps, requirement of sophisticated equipment's and costly ready to use kits limits extensive use of this technique. ...
Jeong Bi O BO Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of inferior extensor retinaculum (IER) reinforcement and analyze differences in clinical and radiographic outcomes based on whether or not IER reinforcement was performed in modified Broström procedures. Forty-one patients (41 ankles) who underwent ankle reconstruction with either a Broström procedure ...
Steel David H W DH Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Queen Alexandra Road, Sunderland, UK, - - 2014
We sought to assess the effect of two different internal limiting membrane [ILM] peeling techniques carried out during surgery for idiopathic macular holes on the postoperative extent of a dissociated optic nerve fibre layer appearance [DONFL]. We collected prospective data of surgical records, videos, and pre- and postoperative imaging of ...
Ateşpare Altay A Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Department, Maltepe University Medicine Faculty, Feyzullah Cad. No: 39, Maltepe, 34845, Istanbul, - - 2014
Normal mucociliary transport in the mucoperichondrium of the nasal septum is from a distal (anterior) to proximal (posterior) direction. This study was to determine the direction of mucociliary transport and histopathological changes in nasal mucosal rotation flaps when their transport directions were anatomically reversed. Thirty-two rabbits were divided into four ...
Haïssaguerre Michel M Hôpital Cardiologique du Haut-Lévêque, CHU Bordeaux, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux II, Bordeaux, France - - 2014
-A specific non-invasive signal processing was applied to identify drivers in distinct categories of persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF). -In 103 consecutive PsAF patients, accurate biatrial geometry relative to an array of 252-body-surface-electrodes was obtained from non-contrast CT-scan. The reconstructed unipolar AF-electrograms acquired bedside from multiple windows (duration:9±1 seconds) were signal-processed ...
Oelke Matthias M Department of Urology, OE 6240, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany, - - 2014
To investigate to what extent detrusor work during voiding is influenced by bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in adult men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). We reviewed data of patients with LUTS suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia who received computer-urodynamic investigations as part of their baseline clinical assessment. BOO was ...
Efird Jimmy T JT Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, East Carolina Heart Institute, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University , Greenville, NC , USA - - 2014
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that there is seasonal variation in the incidence of Stanford type A aortic dissection (SA-AoD) among patients admitted to our cardiovascular surgical service. A sinusoidal logistic regression model was used to analyze event data for 6081 calendar days. A cyclic ...
Oguri Atsushi A From the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) Henri Mondor, Creteil, France (A.O., M.Y., G.M., K.C., J.-L.D.-R., E.T.); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Brest, Brest, France (M.G.); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dupuytren, Limoges, France (M. Laskar); Hopital Charles Nicolle, University of Rouen, INSERM Unite 1096, Rouen, France (H.E.); Clinique Pasteur, Toulouse, France (J.F.); Bichat Hospital, Paris, France (B.I.); Insitut Jacques Cartier, Massy, France (P.D.-G.); Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, Paris, France (P.L.); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Rennes, Rennes, France (A.L.); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Lille, Lille, France (A.P., E.V.B.); University Lyon 1, Lyon, France (M. Lievre); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Besançon, Besançon, France (R.C.); and Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) performed under local anesthesia (LA) is becoming increasingly common. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes in patients who underwent transfemoral-TAVI under general anesthesia (GA) and LA. Data from 2326 patients in the French Aortic National CoreValve and Edwards 2 (FRANCE 2) registry who underwent ...
Zurbuchen Urte U Department of General, Visceral and Vascular Surgery, Medical Faculty of the Humboldt University, Charité - Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiac complications are an important cause of morbidity and mortality observed after esophageal resections. We examined whether an high intrathoracic vagotomy during abdominothoracic esophagectomy would have an effect on intraoperative and early postoperative cardiac function in the setting of a minimally invasive resection. Two hypotheses were generated for this study: ...
Bircan H Y HY Department of Surgery, Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. ozgurkemik - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the LigaSure® Small Jaw Instrument (LSJI) with the conventional clamp-and-tie (CT) technique in thyroid surgery regarding complication rates (hematoma, hypocalcemia and recurrent nerve palsy), the duration of the operative procedure, and systemic and local inflammatory effects. Fifty-four consecutive patients were randomized prospectively ...
Spiegl Ulrich J UJ Steadman Philippon Research Institute, 181 W. Meadow Drive, Ste. #1000, Vail, CO, 81657, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the biomechanical effects of placing the biceps tenodesis stitch at the musculotendinous junction versus in the tendon only. Placing the stitch at the musculotendinous junction was hypothesized to result in a significantly weaker repair than stitching in the tendon only. Testing was ...
Malcharek Michael J MJ From the *Division of Neuroanesthesia and Intraoperative Neuromonitoring, Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Therapy, Klinikum St. Georg gGmbH, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany; †Department of Intraoperative Neurophysiology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York; ‡Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Therapy, and §Department of Vascular Surgery, Klinikum St. Georg gGmbH, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany; and ‖Department of Anesthesiology, Witten/Herdecke University, Helios Clinic Wuppertal, Nordrhein-Westfalen, - - 2014
Methods for detecting intraoperative cerebral ischemia arising from internal carotid artery (ICA) cross-clamping during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) should be sensitive, specific, and rapid to prevent intraoperative stroke. We had 3 objectives pertaining to this: (1) investigation of the rates of success of multimodal evoked potential (mEP) monitoring using a combination ...
Ullah Waqas W Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, St Bartholomew's Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a physically demanding procedure for the operator, involving radiation exposure, and has limited success rates. Remote robotic navigation (RRN) may offer benefit to the procedure, though only one previous small randomized trial has assessed this. Study the impact of RRN on one year ...
Koller Heiko H Center for Spine Surgery, Werner-Wicker-Klinik, Im Kreuzfeld 4, 34537, Bad Wildungen, Germany, - - 2014
Failure to select the appropriate lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) in selective lumbar fusion (SLF) for thoracolumbar/lumbar curves (LC) can result in adding-on in the lumbar curve (LC) or the need for fusion extension due to a decompensating thoracic curve (TC). The selection criteria that predict optimal outcomes still need to ...
Iwashita Hayato H Section of Implant and Rehabilitative Dentistry, Division of Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University, - - 2014
Missing posterior teeth can decrease masticatory function and cause horizontal mastication deviation, i.e., mastication predominance. Mastication predominance may lead to abnormal tooth attrition and temporomandibular disorders. This study evaluated masticatory performance and mastication predominance in patients with missing posterior teeth to investigate effects of missing posterior teeth on masticatory performance ...
Lovelock Joshua D JD Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
Lead malfunction is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD). We have shown that failure of recalled high voltage leads significantly increases following ICD generator replacement. However, generator exchange hasn't been recognized as a predictor of lead failure in general. The purpose ...
Maldonado-Diaz G G División de Ciencias Ambientales, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, Camino a la Presa San José 2055. Col. Lomas 4ª Sección, C.P 78216, San Luis Potosí, - - 2014
Formaldehyde (FA) biofiltration was evaluated over 310 days with and without ozone addition. Without ozone, the biofilter was able to treat formaldehyde at inlet loads (ILs) lower than 40 g m(-3) h(-1), maintaining, under this condition, an average removal efficiency (RE) of 88 % for a few days before collapsing to zero. The continuous ...
Oremakinde Adetunji A AA Department of Neurological Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, - - 2014
Object Error recording and monitoring is an important component of error prevention and quality assurance in the health sector given the huge impact of medical errors on the well-being of patients and the financial loss incurred by health institutions. With this in mind, assessing the effect of reporting errors should ...
Patay Zoltan Z Section of Neuroimaging, Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN, 38105-3678, USA, - - 2014
Decreased cerebral blood volume (CBV) in contralateral cerebellar gray matter (cGM) in conjunction with cerebellar white matter (cWM) damage, consistent with crossed cerebro-cerebellar diaschisis (cCCD) develop following supratentorial hemispheric stroke. In this study, we investigated the longitudinal evolution of diaschisis-related cerebellar perfusion and diffusion tensor-imaging (DTI) changes in patients after ...
Seifeldin Sameh Ahemd SA From the *King Saud University, Saudi Arabia; †Cairo University, Egypt; and ‡King Abdullaziz, Saudi - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate soft tissue response after chin advancement using 2 different genioplasty techniques. The study included 8 adult patients who were divided equally into 2 groups: group 1 was surgically treated by sliding genioplasty, and group 2 was surgically treated by chin shield genioplasty ...
Yildirim Yildiray Y *Department of Ophthalmology and †Department of Otolaryngology, GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital; ‡Division of Otolaryngology, Istanbul Surgery Hospital; §Department of Neurology, GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; and ‖Department of Otolaryngology, Amasya University Training and Research Hospital, Amasya, - - 2014
Transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy (TCL-DCR) is used much in recent years for the surgery of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). Although TCL-DCR is accepted to be minimally invasive, safe, and effective, there is no report focusing on postoperative changes in olfactory function after this procedure. Hence, the aim of this current ...
Bevevino Adam J AJ Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda - - 2014
Study Design. Human cadaveric biomechanical analysis.Objective. Investigate the effect on cervical spine segmental stability that results from a posterior foraminotomy following cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA).Summary of Background Data. Posterior foraminotomy offers the ability to decompress cervical nerves roots while avoiding the need to extend a previous fusion or revise an ...
Diana Michele M IHU, Minimally Invasive Image-Guided Surgical Institute, Strasbourg, France, - - 2014
Fluorescence-based enhanced reality (FLER) is a technique to evaluate intestinal perfusion based on the elaboration of the Indocyanine Green fluorescence signal. The aim of the study was to assess FLER's performances in evaluating perfusion in an animal model of long-lasting intestinal ischemia. An ischemic segment was created in 18 small ...
Huang Hsuan-Ti - - 2014
This study hopes to establish the timeframe for a safe return to driving under different speed conditions for patients after minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty and further explores how well various kinds of functional tests on knee performance can predict the patients' braking ability. 14 patients with right knee osteoarthritis ...
Cappelleri Gianluca G From the *Department of Anesthesia, Azienda Ospedaliera Istituto Ortopedico Gaetano Pini, Milano; †Department of Anesthesia, Ospedale di Circolo Varese, Varese; and ‡Department of Anesthesia, Irccs San Raffaele, Milano, - - 2014
Among the various factors influencing the success rate, onset time, and duration of peripheral nerve blocks, the role of local anesthetics concentration remains uncertain. In this prospective, randomized, single-blinded study, we evaluated whether varying the dilution of a fixed dose of mepivacaine solution influenced onset time and duration of sciatic ...
Tallón-Aguilar Luis L Hospital Infanta Elena, Huelva, Spain - - 2014
Background. The suture dehiscence has traditionally represented a major surgical problem that has not fully resolved. Surgeons should perform sutures in nonoptimal conditions using different methods of sealing and/or reinforcement of suture. The aim is to assess the effectiveness of TachoSil in an experimental model of colon perforations in a ...
Al-Dhahri Saleh F SF Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
To optimize and individualize post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia management. A multicenter prospective cohort study. Two tertiary care hospitals. parathyroid hormone (PTH) was measured preoperatively, then at 1 and 6 hours after surgery. The required doses of calcium and vitamin D were defined as those maintaining the patients asymptomatic and their cCa ≥ ...
DeWitt Aaron G AG Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, - - 2014
Infants with critical congenital heart disease, especially patients with a single-ventricle (SV) physiology, are at increased risk for the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Decreased splanchnic oxygen delivery may contribute to the development of NEC and may be detected by regional oximetry (rSO2) via splanchnic near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). This prospective ...
Petridis Ioannis G IG Veterinary Faculty,University of Thessaly,43100 - - 2014
The objective of the study was to record, by means of ultrasonographic examination, changes occurring in the udder of ewes during involution and to compare differences between progressive or abrupt udder drying-off. In group A ewes, udder drying-off took place progressively during a period of 22 d; ewes were milked twice ...
Ali Mohammad Javed MJ *Dacryology Service, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute; †Department of Pathology, Global Hospital; and ‡Ruska Laboratories, College of Veterinary Sciences, Hyderabad, - - 2014
To evaluate the ultrastructural effects of topical and circumostial injection of mitomycin C (COS-MMC) on nasal mucosa and compare them with the controls. The study also aimed at classifying the subcellular effects in detail. The nasal mucosa of 6 patients were subjected to 0.02% of mitomycin C for 3 minutes ...
Gauthier Christopher M CM Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate anatomic landmarks to define the ideal suture placement location to achieve appropriate and consistent arytenoid cartilage abduction via unilateral cricoarytenoid lateralization (UCL) in dogs. Sample-6 cadaveric canine larynges. Procedures-Laryngeal airway resistance (LAR) was determined for each specimen before (baseline) and after suture placements with the epiglottis open and ...
Niespialowska-Steuden Maria M Imperial - - 2014
The outcome of a thrombotic trigger, namely whether lasting vessel occlusion occurs or not, is determined the balance between prothrombotic properties of blood and endogenous thrombolysis. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major cause of stroke. Patients affected by AF are known to have enhanced thrombotic tendency. In our study we ...
Yoon Young-Jeoi YJ Department of Physical Therapy, Honam University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effect of balance and gait training on the recovery of the motor function in a Parkinson's disease animal models. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 40 mice were randomly classified into four groups with 10 in each group: Group I-Normal; Group II-Parkinson's ...
Moreira Maria Ângela Fontoura MÂ Department of Pulmonology, Pulmonary Physiology Clinic, Porto Alegre, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the behavior of oxygen saturation curves throughout the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with COPD. Methods: We included 85 patients, all of whom underwent spirometry and were classified as having moderate COPD (modCOPD, n = 30) or severe COPD (sevCOPD, n = 55). All of the ...
Hassan Ziad Z Orbi-Dent Health and Laser Center, Debrecen, - - 2014
To analyze the early results of a new device measuring ocular biomechanics after corneal refractive surgery. Thirty nine refractive surgery patients were enrolled in the study (age: 32.6±9.9 years). Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) was performed on 52 eyes of 26 patients and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) was done on 26 ...
Aïkpon Rock - - 2014
The National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) has been using pirimiphos methyl for the first time for indoor residual spraying (IRS) in Benin. The first round was a success with a significant decrease of entomological indicators of malaria transmission in the treated districts. We present the results of the entomological impact ...
Aslan Muzaffer M Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstasyon Mah. Turgut Özal Bulvarı No:11 Küçükçekmece, 34303 Istanbul, - - 2014
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases in adults. We prospectively evaluated early and mid-term effects of the percutaneous closure of secundum ASD on atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) and left atrial (LA) mechanical functions at the first day and sixth month in patients undergoing ...
Serrao Sebastiano S Fondazione G.B. Bietti IRCCS, Rome - - - 2014
To investigate the early changes of the anterior corneal wavefront aberration (WA) following femtosecond laser clear corneal incision (FS-CCI) for cataract surgery. Twenty consecutive patients (20 eyes) with cataract underwent phacoemulsification and were divided into 2 groups: the study group received a 2.75-mm FS-CCI using an iFS Intralase; the control ...
Saito Takehisa T *Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, †Research and Education Program for Life Science, and ‡Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Fukui, - - 2014
To elucidate the degeneration process of fungiform taste buds after severing the chorda tympani nerve (CTN) by confocal laser scanning microscopy in vivo. Prospective study. University hospital. Seven consecutive patients whose CTN was severed during tympanoplasty for middle ear cholesteatoma. Diagnostic. Preoperative and postoperative gustatory functions were assessed by electrogustometry ...
Cho Jin Sun JS Departments of 1Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine and 2Cardiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; and 3Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Sympathetic hyperactivation during tracheal intubation prolongs the QT interval and increases the risk of arrhythmias. We investigated if dexmedetomidine pretreatment affected autonomic nervous system balance and QT intervals during intubation. Sixty-six patients were randomized to receive 1.0 μg/kg fentanyl (group F, n = 22), 0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine (group D0.5, n ...
Kindo Michel M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospitals of Strasbourg, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence regarding the behavior of fibrinogen levels and the relation between fibrinogen levels and postoperative bleeding is limited in cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To evaluate perioperative fibrinogen levels as a predictor of postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. In this prospective, single-center, observational cohort study ...
Ding Yin Y Department of Spine Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 1838 North Guangzhou Avenue, 510515, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Evidence has shown that osteoporosis or intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) led to cartilage endplate lesions (CEL), but their combined effects on the lesion remain unknown. This study developed an innovative rat model combined ovariectomy (OVX) and cervical muscle section (CMS), and aimed to evaluate the combined effects of osteoporosis and ...
Farrokhi Shawn S Human Movement Research Laboratory, Departments of Physical Therapy & Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate knee joint contact mechanics and kinematics during the loading response phase of downhill gait in knee osteoarthritis patients with self-reported instability. Forty-three subjects, 11 with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis and self-reported instability (unstable), 7 with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis but no reports of instability (stable), and 25 without ...
Bilinski Robyn T RT Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
We report on a series of emergency and reinforcing cerclages using a novel double cerclage technique. A 5-year prospective cohort study was conducted on pregnant women with cervical insufficiency managed with our novel double cerclage technique. Eligible patients with cervical dilation of 1-4 cm before 24 weeks of gestation and ...
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