Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1392
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Knapps Jean - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is gaining popularity as a bariatric procedure, with outcomes similar to gastric band and gastric bypass. Staple-line disruption is a significant source of morbidity and death. We aim to evaluate the effect of staple-line reinforcement on the gastric leak rate, morbidity, and mortality rate. A systematic review ...
Fraser Alan G - - 2013
The goals of colonoscopy are changing over time and it is important to regularly determine if endoscopists are achieving key performance indicators. Data on key performance indicators were recorded independently by nursing staff for all colonoscopies performed during a 10-year period. The results were discussed at regular meetings and feedback ...
Tortamano Isabel Peixoto - - 2013
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double blind study was to compare the onset and duration periods of pulpal anesthesia using 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine, 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 4% articaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine in inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). Thirty subjects received 1.8 mL of each ...
Rudzinski Marcelo - - 2013
Background: Reactivation of toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis is the most frequent form of uveitis in Misiones, Argentina. Fluctuations in the number of patients consulting with this type of uveitis were detected during the last decade. Since the province was consecutively exposed to rainy and dry periods over the last years, we decided ...
Gocea Anamaria - - 2013
It is acknowledged that many causes of failures in endoscopic sinus surgery are related to scarring and narrowing of the maxillary antrostomy. We assessed the effect of low-pressure spray cryotherapy in preventing the maxillary antrostomy stenosis in a chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) rabbit model. A controlled, randomized, double-blind study was conducted ...
Wang Xule X Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan City, People's Republic-PR. of - - 2013
We have previously demonstrated that catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) could suppress atrial fibrillation (AF) in canines with short-time rapid right atrial pacing (RAP). However, the role of renal denervation on atrial remodeling is unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore the long-term effect of RSD on ...
Sakai Kenji K Department of Neurology and Neurobiology of Aging, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, - - 2013
Details of abnormal prion protein (PrP(Sc)) propagation in the human central nervous system (CNS) are unclear. To assess the spread of PrP(Sc) through the human CNS, we evaluated dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (dCJD) cases focusing on sites of grafting and dCJD pathological subtypes. A cross-sectional study. nationwide surveillance data ...
Pace Thomas B TB Department of Orthopaedics, Greenville Health System, Greenville, SC 29605, USA ; University of South Carolina SOM, Greenville Health System, P.O. Box 27114, Greenville, SC 29616, - - 2013
Multiple factors have been identified as contributing to polyethylene wear and debris generation of the acetabular lining. Polyethylene wear is the primary limiting factor in the functional behavior and consequent longevity of a total hip arthroplasty (THA). This retrospective study reviewed the clinical and radiographic data of 77 consecutive THAs ...
Mehdi Nasab Seyed Abdolhossein SA Seyed Abdolhossein Mehdi Nasab, Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emam Khomeini Hospital, Musculoskeletal and Rehabilitation Research Center, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, - - 2013
Objective : There are few reports on outcome following flexor tendon repair of the hand in zone 5. We hypothesized that early mobilization of the fingers is possible if the suture site of repaired tendon is strong enough. The aim of this study was to assess the results of flexor ...
Derya Kutukde K Department of Ophthalmology, Inonu University School of Medicine, Malatya, - - 2013
To compare the success rates of endoscopic transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy (EL-DCR) and external DCR. Operations were performed on 55 eyes of 54 patients who had distal nasolacrimal canal obstruction. External DCR was performed on 29 of the eyes and EL-DCR on 26 of them. Success was defined based on ...
Negrin Lukas L LL Department of Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2013
In order to enable a radiation-free, accurate and simple positioning of distal locking screws, a combined magnetic and manual targeting system has been developed by Sanatmetal®. Where a low-frequency magnetic field is initially used to detect the position of the first drill hole and three more holes can be found ...
Bülbüller Nurullah N Department of General Surgery, Antalya Training and Research Hospital Antalya, - - 2013
The main early complications of Laparascopic Sleeve Gastrectomy are bleeding and gastric leakage. Many reinforcement methods are performed in order to reduce these complications. In this prospective, randomized study, we compared four different techniques to evaluate staple line reinforcement in Laparascopic Sleeve Gastrectomy. Between January 2012 and May 2013, 65 ...
Ferrarin Maurizio M Biomedical Technology Department, Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation Onlus IRCCS, Milan, Italy. - - 2013
In a previous study we identified 3 different gait patterns in a group of children with CMT1A disease: Normal-like (NL), Foot-drop (FD), Foot-drop and Push-off Deficit (FD&POD). Goal of the present study was to perform a follow-up evaluation of the same group of patients to analyze possible changes of gait ...
Temel Orhan O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zeynep Kamil Training and Research Hospital, ─░stanbul, - - 2013
To determine whether the measurement of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) levels in vaginal fluid is useful for the diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes (PROM). A total of 92 pregnant women between 24 and 40 weeks gestation participated in this study. The patients with fluid leaking from the vagina were ...
Olson Thomas P TP Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2013
The heart and lungs are intimately linked anatomically and physiologically, and, as a result, heart failure (HF) patients often develop changes in pulmonary function. This study examined the prognostic value of resting pulmonary function (PF) in HF. In all, 134 HF patients (enrolled from January 1, 1999 Through December 31, ...
Volta Carlo Alberto CA Department of Surgical, Anaesthesiological and Radiological Science, Section of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, S, Anna Hospital, University of Ferrara, Via Aldo Moro n, 8-44124 Cona, Ferrara, Italy. - - 2013
Administration of normal saline might increase circulating levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and may cause variation of plasmatic electrolytic and hyperchloremic acidosis, which in turn can impair renal function. Hence the use of balanced solutions could influence the inflammatory cascade triggered by the surgical procedures, the plasmatic electrolyte concentration, the acid-base ...
Saravanakumar Ms M Reader, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore-524002, Andhra Pradesh India e-mail: - - 2013
Various space maintainers are used in pediatric dentistry. However, their construction requires time consuming laboratory procedures. Recently fber-reinforced composite resin (FRCR) has been introduced for various application in dentistry. Polyethylene fbers appear to have the best properties in elasticity, translucency, adaptability, tenaciousness, resistance to traction and to impact. The purpose ...
Razeghinejad R - - 2013
To evaluate the safety of different doses of subconjunctival bevacizumab and their effects on the recurrence rate after primary pterygium excision. This prospective randomized placebo-controlled clinical study was conducted on 59 eyes (59 patients). The visual acuity, refractive astigmatism, horizontal length of the pterygium, and recurrence risk factors were recorded. ...
Rajati M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mastoid pneumatization is reduced in most patients suffering from chronic otitis media (COM). In most studies, the relationship between the degree of pneumatization and the distance of the sigmoid sinus from the external auditory canal has been examined, yielding different results. This study addresses the relationship between COM and ...
Engvall Inga-Lill - - 2012
Objective. To study the effects of low-dose prednisolone on the osteoclast-regulating proteins osteoprotegerin (OPG) and RANK ligand (RANKL) and on markers of bone resorption, 1CTP generated by MMPs and CTX-1 generated by cathepsin K, in patients with early RA in relation to inflammation and joint destruction.Methods. In 225 patients, who ...
Grommes Jochen - - 2012
ABSTRACT Purpose: If a colonic or small bowel lesion is not accessible for endoscopic mucosal resection, enterotomy is a possible although rarely performed surgical technique. It has never been compared to circular anastomosis regarding leakage rate, bowel wall perfusion, and wound healing. Thus, the aim of this basic experimental scientific ...
Pandhi Nikhil G - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Treatment for acromioclavicular (AC) joint pain may include distal clavicle excision (DCE). It is possible that DCE can disrupt the surrounding ligaments, leading to increased AC joint laxity. PURPOSE:To determine the load to failure and stiffness of the AC joint after DCE and symmetric acromioclavicular joint resection (ACJR). STUDY DESIGN:Controlled ...
Kim Sang-Hyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A manufacturer of atorvastatin is seeking marketing approval in Korea of a generic product for adult patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of a new generic formulation of atorvastatin (test) with those of an original formulation of atorvastatin ...
Perry Kyle A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anastomotic leak and stricture after esophagectomy remains high. Gastric devascularization followed by delayed esophageal resection has been proposed to minimize these complications. We investigated the effect of ischemic conditioning duration on anastomotic wound healing in an animal model of esophagogastrectomy. METHODS: North American opossums were randomized ...
Lau Darryl - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Mesh cages have commonly been used for reconstruction after corpectomy. Recently, expandable cages have become a popular alternative. Regardless of cage type, subsidence is a concern following cage placement. OBJECTIVE:: To assess whether subsidence rates differ between static and expandable cages, and identify independent risk factors for subsidence and ...
Hoefkens Mirjam F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Incomplete excision of a basal cell carcinoma (BCC) remains a frustrating problem. Various attempts have been made to decrease the rate of incomplete excisions, including the use of loupe magnification. METHOD: A prospective, controlled study is presented, which was designed to evaluate whether loupe magnification (×3.5) leads to a ...
Daniilidis Kiriakos K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Annastift Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. - - 2013
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is regularly associated with favorable outcomes, considerable research efforts are still underway to improve its ability to achieve a neutral postoperative mechanical axis. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) was introduced with this and other goals in mind. The current retrospective study was designed to determine whether PSI ...
Kim Changhwan C Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
To date, no clinical parameter has been associated with the decline in lung function other than emphysema severity in COPD. The main purpose of this study was to explore whether the rate of lung function decline differs between COPD patients with and without exertional desaturation. A total of 224 subjects ...
Jeon Eun-Ju - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of Bell's palsy (BP) has not yet been clarified, although viral infection or reactivation is probably a major cause. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of meteorological factors on the onset and incidence of BP. METHODS: Meteorological data from 2007 to 2011 were ...
Strube Patrick - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective analysis of clinical and radiological data of a prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE:: To research the clinical differences after lumbar total disc replacement (TDR) regarding the preoperative global and the adaptation at the local sagittal profile of the spine (SP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: It was suggested that ...
Sommer Christof Matthias - - 2012
To evaluate the influence of deployed energy on extent and shape of microwave (MW)-induced coagulation in porcine livers applying 5-minute protocols. MW ablations (n = 25) were performed in ex vivo porcine livers (n = 8). Ablation time was 5 minutes. Five study groups were defined, each with different power ...
Seidel Kathleen - - 2012
Object Mapping and monitoring are believed to provide an early warning sign to determine when to stop tumor removal to avoid mechanical damage to the corticospinal tract (CST). The objective of this study was to systematically compare subcortical monopolar stimulation thresholds (1-20 mA) with direct cortical stimulation (DCS)-motor evoked potential ...
Xu Hongming - - 2013
The aim of this study was to validate the feasibility of modified frontolateral partial laryngectomy without tracheotomy using animal experiments. The glottic area before and after surgery of 6 excised canine larynges and 10 canine larynges in vivo were compared to observe whether the glottic area following modified frontolateral partial ...
Hong Seung Woo - - 2012
To evaluate the changes of refractive astigmatism after horizontal rectus muscle surgery in intermittent exotropic children. Sixty-nine exotropic patients were retrospectively reviewed. Of those, 35 patients received unilateral lateral rectus recession (BLR group, 35 eyes) and 34 patients received unilateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection (R&R group, 34 ...
Pennekamp C W A - - 2012
Background: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a potential life-threatening complication. Therefore, early identification and treatment of patients at risk is essential. CHS can be predicted by a doubling of postoperative transcranial Doppler (TCD)-derived mean middle cerebral artery blood velocity (V(mean)) compared to preoperative values. However, in ...
Lundin Fredrik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In a previous study we found significantly decreased N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and total N-acetyl (tNA) groups in the thalamus of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) compared with healthy individuals (HI). No significant difference between the groups could be found in the frontal deep white matter (FDWM). OBJECTIVE: ...
Sano Hitomi - - 2012
Background: Clinicians encounter pincer nails at a high incidence among bedridden cases who are free from weight bearing. The mechanical force transmitted by walking and loading may affect the nail configuration. This study was aimed at evaluating the influence of mechanical forces on the nail configuration. Methods: Study 1 was ...
Kim Jung-Sun - - 2012
The study evaluated serial quantitative and qualitative changes in vascular responses to drug-eluting stents (DES) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Serial changes in stent strut coverage and neointima characteristics in DES-treated lesions have not been sufficiently investigated using OCT. Serial OCT was performed in 72 patients with 76 DES-treated lesions ...
Kim Jongshin - - 2012
: To analyze the long-term changes of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness before and after panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) in patients with severe diabetic retinopathy. : In this retrospective observational case series, we reviewed the records of 46 patients (68 eyes) with severe diabetic retinopathy, who were treated with ...
Solomon Nancy Pearl - - 2012
Changes in vocal function that can occur after thyroidectomy were tracked with acoustic analyses of sustained vowel productions. The purpose was to determine which time-based or spectral/cepstral-based measures of two vowels were able to detect voice changes over time in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Prospective, longitudinal, and observational clinical trial. Voice ...
Mari Francesco Saverio - - 2012
Postoperative staple-line bleeding after stapled hemorrhoidopexy represents a major issue of this procedure, especially in the day surgery setting. In this study we assess the possible benefit of using circular bioabsorbable staple-line reinforcement to reduce the risk of hemorrhage when performing stapled hemorrhoidopexy in a day surgery setting. Patients with ...
Aslan Mustafa Kemal - - 2012
The omentum plays a crucial role in abdominal defense mechanism by adhering to sites of inflammation and absorbing bacteria and debris from the peritoneal cavity. An experimental study was conducted to evaluate the inflammatory response of omentum in different abdominal events with omental P-/E-selectin levels and histopathologic findings. Thirty Wistar ...
Saito H - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Cognitive function can improve or decline after carotid endarterectomy. Proton MR spectroscopy can be used evaluate cerebral metabolites, such as N-acetylaspartate, choline, and creatine, in vivo. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether postoperative changes in cerebral metabolites measured by using 3T proton MR spectroscopy ...
Mochizuki Tomoharu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pre- and postoperative knee kinematics in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) can be theoretically related to clinical outcome and longevity after UKA with regard to ligament function and the degree of arthritic changes. However, the preoperative knee kinematics of patients indicated for UKA remain to be elucidated, and it is ...
Zhang Tong-yuan - - 2012
To observe the evolution of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with palmar hyperhidrosis before and after endoscopic thoracic sympathotomy and to evaluate the effects of the surgery on the autonomic nervous system. Endoscopic thoracic sympathotomy was performed on 20 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis. The thoracic sympathetic chain at the ...
Kim Myung-Sun - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Arm elevation is composed of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic motion. Many reports have addressed changes of scapular position across a spectrum of shoulder disease. However, no study has examined changes in scapular position after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes ...
Jungmann Pia M PM Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California–San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA. - - 2012
Cartilage repair (CR) procedures are widely accepted for treatment of isolated cartilage defects in the knee joint. However, it is not well known whether these procedures prevent degenerative joint disease. Cartilage repair procedures prevent accelerated qualitative and quantitative progression of meniscus degeneration in individuals with focal cartilage defects. Cohort study; ...
Lin Yazhou - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) has been performed with varying results using a combination of different techniques. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of additional linear lesion and defragmentation of left atrium (LA). METHODS: A cohort of 169 patients with persistent AF was studied. Ablation was performed ...
Billinger Michael - - 2012
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that ear oximetry immediately after the release of a sustained Valsalva maneuver accurately detects patent foramen ovale (PFO). One hundred sixty-five scuba divers underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE; reference method) for PFO assessment. Ear oximetry of the right earlobe was performed ...
Jung Woon-Hwa - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective randomized study was to compare the visible, hidden, total blood loss and postoperative haemodynamic change of 4-h clamping and nonclamping of the drain after TKA. The hypothesis in the present study was that intermittent drain clamping with injection of diluted epinephrine solution would decrease ...
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