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Results 401 - 450 of 1414
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Zhai Hongbo - - 2013
This study assessed the bioequivalence, using keratolytic efficacy, of topical preparations studied in humans using adhesive tape stripping and biophysical methods. Ten healthy patients (3 men and 7 women [7 Caucasians and 3 Asians] mean age, 47 years) completed the study. Each coded product was randomly applied to the back ...
Bogaty Peter - - 2013
C-reactive protein (CRP) is proposed as a screening test for predicting risk and guiding preventive approaches in coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the stability of repeated CRP measurements over time in subjects with and without CAD is not well defined. We sought to determine the stability of serial CRP measurements ...
Takumi Ichiro - - 2013
This study evaluated preliminary findings on the efficacy of polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel dural sealant capping for the prevention of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and pneumocephalus during deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery in the semisupine position. Group A consisted of 5 patients who underwent bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN)-DBS surgery without ...
Flagg Seth Y - - 2013
Rescue from a disabled submarine may result in substantial risk for severe decompression sickness (DCS) among survivors. Oxygen prebreathe (OPB) before rapid decompression has been shown to significantly reduce risk or delay onset for severe DCS in animals. However, the duration of this benefit remains unknown and might even be ...
Reimann M - - 2013
The study of small-molecule metabolites may assist in cardiovascular risk monitoring during therapy. We assessed whether acute changes in the metabolome by lipoprotein apheresis are able to predict changes in microvascular function. We performed mass-spectrometry-based profiling of 186 metabolites in peripheral plasma of 21 hyperlipidemic patients before and after a ...
Nayar Manu K - - 2013
Rapid onsite adequacy assessment is stated to improve the diagnostic performance of EUS-FNA. The aim of this study was to establish if the introduction of adequacy assessment performed by a biomedical scientist (cytotechnologist) to an established EUS service improved the diagnostic accuracy of EUS guided FNA of solid pancreaticobiliary lesions. ...
Böhm Robert - - 2013
Identifying methods to increase cooperation and efficiency in public goods provision is of vital interest for human societies. The methods that have been proposed often incur costs that (more than) destroy the efficiency gains through increased cooperation. It has for example been shown that inter-group conflict increases intra-group cooperation, however ...
Eyi E G Yapar - - 2013
Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS) is a new hemostatic agent that is licensed for external hemorrhages. ABS comprises of a standard mixture of Thymus vulgaris, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Vitis vinifera, Alpinia officinarum, and Urtica dioica which has also been approved in Turkey for the management of bleeding. The authors, aim was to ...
Xu Xiu-Fang - - 2013
The immunosuppressive agent cyclosporin A has been proven to reduce the rejection rate and prolong the survival time of transplanted hearts. But some reports showed that cyclosporine A did not completely suppress the rejection. We performed in vitro studies to model a time course to observe the effect of cyclosporin ...
Ozmen Ozlem - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is one of the most significant causes of mortality in humans and animals, and its etiology is usually unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiac pathology of endosulfan toxicity and the protective effect of vitamin C in rabbits. Twenty-four rabbits were divided into 4 ...
Cavdar Ercüment - - 2013
Purpose. To evaluate the changes of flash electroretinography (fERG) and pattern visual evoked potentials (pVEP) in ocular hypertension (OHT) patients. Methods. Twenty-five OHT patients and 30 healthy volunteers were enrolled for this cross-sectional study. Opthalmologic examinations, visual field tests, pVEP and fERG were performed. The main outcome measures were the ...
Evranos Banu - - 2013
Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation is recommended for patients with symptomaticparoxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) despite anti-arrhythmic drugs (AADs). Radiofrequency ablation is widely accepted as an effective treatment for PAF. Cryoenergy by cryoballoon technique is an alternative to radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Cryoballoon ablation is safe, andhas a similar success rate in ...
Bobyn Justin - - 2013
Spinal fusion is a common orthopaedic procedure that has been previously modeled using canine, lapine, and rodent subjects. Despite the increasing availability of genetically modified mouse strains, murine models have only been infrequently described. To present an efficient and minimally traumatic procedure for achieving spinal fusion in a mouse model ...
Tyagi P - - 2013
To evaluate and compare the behavioral changes and effect of sedative techniques in pediatric dental patients using Oral Midazolam, Intravenous Midazolam and Oral Diazepam as sedative agents. Triple blind randomized control trial with 40 patients aged between 2-10 years, exhibiting definitely negative behavior was considered. Patients were randomly assigned to ...
O'Shaughnessy Julie - - 2013
A single group prospective study. Disc prostheses are believed to contribute to the restoration of the segmental movement and the preservation of the adjacent segments. The study's main objective was to determine if changes in neuromuscular patterns assessed using the flexion-relaxation phenomenon (FRP) can be observed following disc replacement surgery. ...
Lee Il Soo - - 2013
To evaluate the atherosclerotic evolution in coronary bifurcations located proximally and distally to a bioresorbable scaffold. Thirty bifurcations located >5 mm beyond the scaffolded segment, being investigated with serial intravascular ultrasound virtual histology (IVUS-VH) examinations, at baseline and 2-years, in patients enrolled in the ABSORB cohort B1 study were included in ...
Harper Tisha A M - - 2013
Airborne microorganisms within the hospital environment can potentially cause infection in susceptible patients. The objectives of this study were to identify, quantify, and determine the nosocomial potential of common airborne microorganisms present within a small animal teaching hospital. Bioaerosol sampling was done initially in all 11 rooms and, subsequently, weekly ...
Kovtun Lyudmila T - - 2013
Hypoxia is the reduction of oxygen availability due to external or internal causes. There is large individual variability of response to hypoxia. The aim of this study was to define individual and typological features in susceptibility to hypoxia, its interrelation with hypoxic and hypercapnic ventilatory responses (HVR and HCVR, respectively) ...
Kanellopoulos Anastasios John - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of two alternative corneal topography data sources used in topography-guided excimer laser normalization, combined with corneal collagen cross-linking in the management of keratoconus using the Athens protocol, ie, a Placido disc imaging device and a Scheimpflug imaging device. ...
Fahim Alireza - - 2013
This study aimed to assess changes in contrast sensitivity and aberrations in cases of myopia greater than 5.0 diopter (D) who had photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). In this semi-experimental study, 20 eyes of ten patients were studied. Inclusion criteria were at least 5.0 D of myopia, stable refraction in the past ...
Knapps Jean - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is gaining popularity as a bariatric procedure, with outcomes similar to gastric band and gastric bypass. Staple-line disruption is a significant source of morbidity and death. We aim to evaluate the effect of staple-line reinforcement on the gastric leak rate, morbidity, and mortality rate. A systematic review ...
Fraser Alan G - - 2013
The goals of colonoscopy are changing over time and it is important to regularly determine if endoscopists are achieving key performance indicators. Data on key performance indicators were recorded independently by nursing staff for all colonoscopies performed during a 10-year period. The results were discussed at regular meetings and feedback ...
Tortamano Isabel Peixoto - - 2013
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double blind study was to compare the onset and duration periods of pulpal anesthesia using 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine, 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 4% articaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine in inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). Thirty subjects received 1.8 mL of each ...
Rudzinski Marcelo - - 2013
Background: Reactivation of toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis is the most frequent form of uveitis in Misiones, Argentina. Fluctuations in the number of patients consulting with this type of uveitis were detected during the last decade. Since the province was consecutively exposed to rainy and dry periods over the last years, we decided ...
Gocea Anamaria - - 2013
It is acknowledged that many causes of failures in endoscopic sinus surgery are related to scarring and narrowing of the maxillary antrostomy. We assessed the effect of low-pressure spray cryotherapy in preventing the maxillary antrostomy stenosis in a chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) rabbit model. A controlled, randomized, double-blind study was conducted ...
Wang Xule X Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan City, People's Republic-PR. of - - 2013
We have previously demonstrated that catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) could suppress atrial fibrillation (AF) in canines with short-time rapid right atrial pacing (RAP). However, the role of renal denervation on atrial remodeling is unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore the long-term effect of RSD on ...
Sakai Kenji K Department of Neurology and Neurobiology of Aging, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, - - 2013
Details of abnormal prion protein (PrP(Sc)) propagation in the human central nervous system (CNS) are unclear. To assess the spread of PrP(Sc) through the human CNS, we evaluated dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (dCJD) cases focusing on sites of grafting and dCJD pathological subtypes. A cross-sectional study. nationwide surveillance data ...
Pace Thomas B TB Department of Orthopaedics, Greenville Health System, Greenville, SC 29605, USA ; University of South Carolina SOM, Greenville Health System, P.O. Box 27114, Greenville, SC 29616, - - 2013
Multiple factors have been identified as contributing to polyethylene wear and debris generation of the acetabular lining. Polyethylene wear is the primary limiting factor in the functional behavior and consequent longevity of a total hip arthroplasty (THA). This retrospective study reviewed the clinical and radiographic data of 77 consecutive THAs ...
Derya Kutukde K Department of Ophthalmology, Inonu University School of Medicine, Malatya, - - 2013
To compare the success rates of endoscopic transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy (EL-DCR) and external DCR. Operations were performed on 55 eyes of 54 patients who had distal nasolacrimal canal obstruction. External DCR was performed on 29 of the eyes and EL-DCR on 26 of them. Success was defined based on ...
Negrin Lukas L LL Department of Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2013
In order to enable a radiation-free, accurate and simple positioning of distal locking screws, a combined magnetic and manual targeting system has been developed by Sanatmetal®. Where a low-frequency magnetic field is initially used to detect the position of the first drill hole and three more holes can be found ...
Bülbüller Nurullah N Department of General Surgery, Antalya Training and Research Hospital Antalya, - - 2013
The main early complications of Laparascopic Sleeve Gastrectomy are bleeding and gastric leakage. Many reinforcement methods are performed in order to reduce these complications. In this prospective, randomized study, we compared four different techniques to evaluate staple line reinforcement in Laparascopic Sleeve Gastrectomy. Between January 2012 and May 2013, 65 ...
Ferrarin Maurizio M Biomedical Technology Department, Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation Onlus IRCCS, Milan, Italy. - - 2013
In a previous study we identified 3 different gait patterns in a group of children with CMT1A disease: Normal-like (NL), Foot-drop (FD), Foot-drop and Push-off Deficit (FD&POD). Goal of the present study was to perform a follow-up evaluation of the same group of patients to analyze possible changes of gait ...
Temel Orhan O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zeynep Kamil Training and Research Hospital, ─░stanbul, - - 2013
To determine whether the measurement of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) levels in vaginal fluid is useful for the diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes (PROM). A total of 92 pregnant women between 24 and 40 weeks gestation participated in this study. The patients with fluid leaking from the vagina were ...
Olson Thomas P TP Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2013
The heart and lungs are intimately linked anatomically and physiologically, and, as a result, heart failure (HF) patients often develop changes in pulmonary function. This study examined the prognostic value of resting pulmonary function (PF) in HF. In all, 134 HF patients (enrolled from January 1, 1999 Through December 31, ...
Volta Carlo Alberto CA Department of Surgical, Anaesthesiological and Radiological Science, Section of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, S, Anna Hospital, University of Ferrara, Via Aldo Moro n, 8-44124 Cona, Ferrara, Italy. - - 2013
Administration of normal saline might increase circulating levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and may cause variation of plasmatic electrolytic and hyperchloremic acidosis, which in turn can impair renal function. Hence the use of balanced solutions could influence the inflammatory cascade triggered by the surgical procedures, the plasmatic electrolyte concentration, the acid-base ...
Saravanakumar Ms M Reader, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore-524002, Andhra Pradesh India e-mail: - - 2013
Various space maintainers are used in pediatric dentistry. However, their construction requires time consuming laboratory procedures. Recently fber-reinforced composite resin (FRCR) has been introduced for various application in dentistry. Polyethylene fbers appear to have the best properties in elasticity, translucency, adaptability, tenaciousness, resistance to traction and to impact. The purpose ...
Razeghinejad R - - 2013
To evaluate the safety of different doses of subconjunctival bevacizumab and their effects on the recurrence rate after primary pterygium excision. This prospective randomized placebo-controlled clinical study was conducted on 59 eyes (59 patients). The visual acuity, refractive astigmatism, horizontal length of the pterygium, and recurrence risk factors were recorded. ...
Mehdi Nasab Seyed Abdolhossein SA Seyed Abdolhossein Mehdi Nasab, Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emam Khomeini Hospital, Musculoskeletal and Rehabilitation Research Center, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, - - 2013
Objective : There are few reports on outcome following flexor tendon repair of the hand in zone 5. We hypothesized that early mobilization of the fingers is possible if the suture site of repaired tendon is strong enough. The aim of this study was to assess the results of flexor ...
Vandeput Steven S Department of Electrical Engineering-ESAT, SCD-SISTA, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium and iMinds Future Health Department, Leuven, - - 2013
Spaceflight causes changes in the cardiovascular control system. The aim of this study was to evaluate postflight recovery of linear and nonlinear neural markers of heart rate modulation, with a special focus on day-night variations. Twenty-four-hour Holter ECG recordings were obtained in 8 astronauts participating in space missions aboard the ...
Rajati M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mastoid pneumatization is reduced in most patients suffering from chronic otitis media (COM). In most studies, the relationship between the degree of pneumatization and the distance of the sigmoid sinus from the external auditory canal has been examined, yielding different results. This study addresses the relationship between COM and ...
Engvall Inga-Lill - - 2012
Objective. To study the effects of low-dose prednisolone on the osteoclast-regulating proteins osteoprotegerin (OPG) and RANK ligand (RANKL) and on markers of bone resorption, 1CTP generated by MMPs and CTX-1 generated by cathepsin K, in patients with early RA in relation to inflammation and joint destruction.Methods. In 225 patients, who ...
Grommes Jochen - - 2012
ABSTRACT Purpose: If a colonic or small bowel lesion is not accessible for endoscopic mucosal resection, enterotomy is a possible although rarely performed surgical technique. It has never been compared to circular anastomosis regarding leakage rate, bowel wall perfusion, and wound healing. Thus, the aim of this basic experimental scientific ...
Pandhi Nikhil G - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Treatment for acromioclavicular (AC) joint pain may include distal clavicle excision (DCE). It is possible that DCE can disrupt the surrounding ligaments, leading to increased AC joint laxity. PURPOSE:To determine the load to failure and stiffness of the AC joint after DCE and symmetric acromioclavicular joint resection (ACJR). STUDY DESIGN:Controlled ...
Kim Sang-Hyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A manufacturer of atorvastatin is seeking marketing approval in Korea of a generic product for adult patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of a new generic formulation of atorvastatin (test) with those of an original formulation of atorvastatin ...
Perry Kyle A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anastomotic leak and stricture after esophagectomy remains high. Gastric devascularization followed by delayed esophageal resection has been proposed to minimize these complications. We investigated the effect of ischemic conditioning duration on anastomotic wound healing in an animal model of esophagogastrectomy. METHODS: North American opossums were randomized ...
Lau Darryl - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Mesh cages have commonly been used for reconstruction after corpectomy. Recently, expandable cages have become a popular alternative. Regardless of cage type, subsidence is a concern following cage placement. OBJECTIVE:: To assess whether subsidence rates differ between static and expandable cages, and identify independent risk factors for subsidence and ...
Hoefkens Mirjam F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Incomplete excision of a basal cell carcinoma (BCC) remains a frustrating problem. Various attempts have been made to decrease the rate of incomplete excisions, including the use of loupe magnification. METHOD: A prospective, controlled study is presented, which was designed to evaluate whether loupe magnification (×3.5) leads to a ...
Daniilidis Kiriakos K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Annastift Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. - - 2013
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is regularly associated with favorable outcomes, considerable research efforts are still underway to improve its ability to achieve a neutral postoperative mechanical axis. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) was introduced with this and other goals in mind. The current retrospective study was designed to determine whether PSI ...
Kim Changhwan C Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
To date, no clinical parameter has been associated with the decline in lung function other than emphysema severity in COPD. The main purpose of this study was to explore whether the rate of lung function decline differs between COPD patients with and without exertional desaturation. A total of 224 subjects ...
Jeon Eun-Ju - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of Bell's palsy (BP) has not yet been clarified, although viral infection or reactivation is probably a major cause. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of meteorological factors on the onset and incidence of BP. METHODS: Meteorological data from 2007 to 2011 were ...
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