Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1307
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Boudjemline Younes - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We report the safety and feasibility of various transcatheter techniques of cavocaval connection in principle for the completion of Fontan circulation in viable, chronic and ovine heart models. Surgically simulated preparations of both intracardiac and extracardiac cavocaval connections were studied. METHODS: Sixteen sheep were divided into two groups per the ...
Bechard Daniel J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: (1) Test the hypothesis that walking poles decrease the external knee adduction moment during gait in patients with varus gonarthrosis, and (2) explore potential mechanisms. DESIGN: Thirty-four patients with medial compartment knee OA and varus alignment underwent three dimensional (3D) gait analysis with and without using walking poles. Conditions ...
Ransom Evan R - - 2012
This study aimed to assess quantitative changes in lower-eyelid aesthetics after a transtemporal midface lift concomitant with transconjunctival blepharoplasty and lower-eyelid skin pinch. The study enrolled 55 consecutive patients who underwent a transtemporal midface lift and concurrent transconjunctival blepharoplasty with lower-eyelid skin pinch. All the surgeries were performed over a ...
Sato Junko - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate trigger digits with sonography to determine morphological changes in the A1 pulley, flexor tendon, and volar plate in relation to the severity of triggering. METHODS: We evaluated 67 trigger digits and graded them into 1 of 4 groups. We compared the groups according to severity and to ...
Pithon Matheus Melo - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of different concentrations of chlorhexidine on the decline in force of orthodontic elastics. Materials and Methods: In a laboratory study, five groups of samples were tested, with one control group represented by distilled water (group 1) and four experimental groups: 0.12% manipulated chlorhexidine (group ...
Kimura Masayo - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report the morphologic changes of the subfoveal choroidal thickness using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography following segmental scleral buckling. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: The study included 21 eyes of 20 patients who underwent segmental scleral buckling for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. All patients underwent the ...
Kilic Erdem - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare dental and skeletal changes in surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE) patients with (+PP) and without (-PP) pterygomaxillary disjunction. STUDY DESIGN: The study casts of 18 maxillary constriction patients indicated for SARPE formed the sample of this retrospective review. ...
Demir Tuncer - - 2012
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a disease characterized by skin and internal organ involvement. There is progressive accumulation of extracellular matrix components in the skin and involved organs. Tissue fibrosis is the prominent reason for mortality, and still, there is no satisfactory treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Roldán-Pallarés M - - 2012
To find models that will explain the variability in postoperative visual acuity (VA) (logarithmic: logMAR) associated with unilateral primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD). This was a prospective clinical cohort study of 33 patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR: PVR<C3) and 33 without PVR, all of whom were candidates for scleral buckling ...
Paulauskiene Iveta - - 2012
The objective of the study was to assess and perceive the vocal and pharyngeal symptoms and acoustic changes of voice after short-term endotracheal intubation and to evaluate the relation between these changes and the endotracheal tube parameters, number of intubation attempts, duration of anaesthesia, experience of anaesthesiologist. A total of ...
Atik Bekir - - 2012
Silicon rods initially advocated by Hunter have been widely used in two-stage flexor tendon reconstruction. Two-stage tendoplasty is an expensive procedure; with the addition of the high cost of rods, it is still more expensive. An experimental study investigated cheaper alternatives to silicon rods, but no clinical studies seem to ...
Gunduz Abuzer - - 2012
Evaluation of the morphological changes in conjunctival surface epithelial cells with impression cytology in Behçet's disease patients. A total of 89 eyes of 89 subjects were included. These consisted of 56 patients with inactive Behçet's disease (group 1) and a control group of 33 age- and sex-matched subjects (group 2). ...
Jovanović Svetlana V - - 2012
Two clinical forms of the "white spot" syndrome in patients with posterior uveitis in definitive and presumable ocular sarcoidosis were analyzed. Group 1 was characterized by periphlebitis and discrete white spots around the vein of the retina, so-called "candle-wax", whereas group 2 showed yellow-orange solitary nodules located at the choroid, ...
Pan Ju-Hung - - 2013
This study aimed at comparing the transverse and sagittal angulations of proximal segment after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO), and examining their influences on the stability of distal segment. Patients who received SSRO (n = 21) or IVRO (n = 11) for mandibular setback were included. Lateral and ...
Kim Y I - - 2012
We designed this experimental study to assess the mucosal protective effects of continuous prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) infusion after canine small bowel autotransplantation. Six Mongrel dogs were randomly divided two groups: PGI2 (n = 3) and control (n = 3). The small bowel from jejunum to ileum was obtained, including the ...
Soria Federico - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of CO(2) during double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) in an experimental animal model study. In this study, insufflation with room air and with CO(2) was compared. Twenty healthy swines were used. The animals were randomly allocated to two groups. ...
Taş Adnan - - 2012
AIM: Scattered white spots (SWSs) in the descending duodenum are an uncommon finding of upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy (UGSE). Intestinal lymphangiectasia, chronic nonspecific duodenitis and giardiasis are associated with a SWS appearance. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of SWS during routine endoscopy, as well as ...
Zheng Xiaozhi - - 2012
The aim of the study was to describe the shear wave velocity (SWV) values of the penis by virtual touch tissue quantification (VTTQ) and to examine the clinical usefulness of this procedure in evaluation of the rigidity changes in penile erection. PATIENTS AND METHODS.: VTTQ was performed in 37 healthy ...
De Wolf Andre M - - 2012
Hyperventilation may be used to hasten recovery from general anesthesia with potent inhaled anesthetics. However, its effect may be less pronounced with the newer, less soluble agents, and it may result in rehypnotization if subsequent hypoventilation occurs because more residual anesthetic will be available in the body for redistribution ...
Tyagi Parimala - - 2012
To evaluate and compare the behavioral changes and effect of sedative techniques in pediatric dental patients using Oral Midazolam, Intravenous Midazolam and Oral Diazepam as sedative agents. Triple blind randomized control trial with 40 patients aged between 2-10 years, exhibiting definitely negative behavior was considered Patients were randomly assigned to ...
Levenson David - - 2012
Data sourcesMedline, Embase and PubMed databases were searched together with hand-searches of a range of journals (Journal of Endodontics, International Endodontic Journal, Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontics, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery).Study selectionClinical studies in several languages ...
Gabbett Tim J - - 2012
Gabbett, TJ, Jenkins, DG, and Abernethy, B. Influence of wrestling on the physiological and skill demands of small-sided games. J Strength Cond Res 26(1): 113-120, 2012-This study investigated the influence of wrestling on the physiological and skill demands of small-sided games. Twenty-eight elite rugby league players ([mean ± SE] age, ...
Sokk Jelena - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. Frozen shoulder syndrome (FSS) causes pain and restriction of movement in the shoulder. The aim was to assess changes in shoulder muscle isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force and active range of motion (AROM) in patients with frozen shoulder syndrome (FSS) after manipulation under general anesthesia (MUA). ...
Draganov Peter V - - 2012
Polypectomy with cold biopsy forceps is a frequently used technique for removal of small, sessile, colorectal polyps. Jumbo forceps may lead to more effective polypectomy because of the larger size of the forceps cup. To evaluate the efficiency of cold jumbo biopsy forceps compared with standard forceps for polypectomy of ...
Kodama Masaaki - - 2012
Background and Aim:Helicobacter pylori has been shown to cause atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia (IM), both of which are precancerous lesions. To clarify the mechanism by which H. pylori eradication prevents gastric cancer, we monitored atrophy and IM improvement in gastric mucosa over a long period after H. pylori eradication. ...
Bakhshaeekia Alireza - - 2012
In this study we evaluated sensory alteration in nasal tip and adjacent upper columella (territory of external nasal nerve) after open rhinoplasty. Two groups were randomly selected, each containing 25 patients with thick nasal skin; sensory testing was done preoperatively in all patients; in group one, subdermal soft tissue in ...
Lu Dominic P - - 2012
Ketamine, besides being an anesthetic agent, is also a strong analgesic that can be especially useful for painful procedures. Vivid dreams and nightmare, considered as undesirable side effects of ketamine, are rarely encountered when administrated orally, making it one of the most desirable oral sedative for children because it partially ...
Bae Jung Ho - - 2012
This study was designed to measure the efficacy of a nasal valve suspension technique and determine the adequate traction length without creation of nasofacial fullness in a cadaveric model. Seven fresh frozen cadaveric heads were evaluated. Minimal cross-sectional (MCA) areas were measured with a transient-signal acoustic rhinometer (Ecco Vision; Hood ...
Hajsadeghi Shokoufeh - - 2012
The pulsatility index (PI) shows continuous blood flow to the end organs and is a significant factor believed to decrease in aortic coarctation. Correction of this factor is of great importance in the treatment of stenotic lesions of the aorta. However, there are minimal data regarding the trend of changes ...
Chen Ding - - 2012
To investigate the effect of simulated dynamic intraocular pressure (SDIOP) during uncomplicated phacoemulsification on postoperative macular and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness. Macular and RNFL thicknesses in one eye of patients (n=30) undergoing uncomplicated phacoemulsification were measured by optical coherence tomography preoperatively and 1 week postoperatively. The best-corrected ...
Djokic-Gallagher Jasmina - - 2012
Few studies have directly compared the effectiveness of different emollients in vivo, and the important matter of patient preference is generally overlooked. We report the results of an assessor-blinded, bilateral, concurrent comparison of two emollient pharmaceutical presentations, ie, Doublebase gel (DB) and Aqueous cream BP (AC), applied by 20 participants ...
Jakubczyk Marlena - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyse the composition of parenteral nutrition (PN) mixtures used in the ITU. Restrospective analysis involved 2124 prescriptions for individual PN bags. They were administered over an 18-month period, to 160 ITU patients with the mean APACHE II score of 26 points (range: 5-61), ...
Kasch Richard - - 2012
We assessed volume following nucleoplasty disc decompression in lower lumbar spines from cadaveric pigs using 7.1Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To investigate coblation-induced volume reductions as a possible mechanism underlying nucleoplasty. We assessed volume following nucleoplastic disc decompression in pig spines using 7.1-Tesla MRI. Volumetry was performed in lumbar discs ...
Sano Hitomi - - 2012
Although oxygen is essential for the wound healing process, tissue hypoxia is known to stimulate angiogenesis. To explore these inconsistent findings, we estimated the influence of the oxygen environment on wound healing with our original model. Experiment 1 (Establishment of the model): To modify the topical oxygen tension, oxygen impermeable ...
Smucker Joseph D - - 2012
Randomized, controlled study in a laboratory setting. Blinded observations/assessment of study outcomes. The purpose of this study is to determine the performance characteristics of Progenix(®) DBM putty as a bone graft extender, enhancer, and substitute in a rabbit posterolateral spine fusion model. The rabbit posterolateral fusion model is an established ...
Laas Enora E Service de Gynécologie-Obtétrique, Hôpital Tenon, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, CancerEst, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6 75020 Paris, - - 2012
Background. To reduce the incidence of microbial colonization of suture material, Triclosan- (TC-)coated suture materials have been developed. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of suture-related complications (SRC) in breast surgery with and without the use of TC-coated sutures. Methods. We performed a study on two ...
Zhang Ji-Wei - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The objective is to elucidate the effects of oral bifid triple viable probiotics among patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing radical colorectal resection were randomly assigned to 3-day (days -5 to -3) preoperative probiotics (group A, n = 30) or placebo (group B, n = 30) treatment. ...
Kawano Paulo Roberto - - 2011
COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN PORCINE SMALL INTESTINAL SUBMUCOSA AND BUCCAL MUCOSA IN A PARTIAL URETHRA SUBSTITUTION IN RABBITS. Purpose: Several urethral conditions may require tissue substitution. One collagen-base biomaterial that recently emerged as an option is small intestinal submucosa (SIS). The aim of this study was to compare the results of ...
Attar Alain - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic management of Crohn's disease (CD) intestinal strictures with balloon dilation is effective; however, recurrences are frequent and require further dilations or surgery. The use of extractible metallic stents may be as effective as balloon dilation with fewer recurrences. The aim was to investigate in a prospective pilot study ...
Simonka Zsolt - - 2011
Abstract Objective. The aim of our study was to conduct a retrospective investigation of the efficacy of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in patients with Barrett's esophagus. Material and methods. A total of 78 patients with Barrett's esophagus underwent surgery. Patients were divided into three groups on the basis of the preoperative ...
Frigg Arno - - 2011
We found treatment of clavicular midshaft fractures using titanium elastic nails (TENs) in combination with postoperative free ROM was associated with a complication rate of 78%. The use of end caps reduced the rate to 60%, which we still considered unacceptably high. Thus, we explored an alternative approach. We investigated ...
Samson Géraldine - - 2012
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a genetic disorder associated with abnormal angiogenesis and disabling epistaxis, for which bevacizumab is reported to be a new therapeutic option. In the present study, bevacizumab transport in porcine nasal mucosa was investigated to determine antibody bioavailability. Transmucosal absorption of bevacizumab was examined by using ...
Yandza Thierry - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether IGL-1, a graft preservation solution containing polyethylene glycol, improves the outcome of small bowel grafts in comparison to the University of Wisconsin (UW) solution in a pig allotransplantation model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen pigs were randomly allocated to group 1 (n = 10; intestinal allotransplantation with ...
Lee Alice C Y - - 2011
The current accepted standard for evaluating the efficacy of gastrointestinal anthelmintic drugs is necropsy of infected animals followed by a comparison of worm counts between treated and non-treated groups. In this study capsule endoscopy, a minimally invasive method of imaging the small intestine of humans, is evaluated as a possible ...
Li Gang - - 2011
Aim: To investigate (1) the effect of hyperthermic intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIIC) on intestinal permeability of patients with advanced gastric cancer and (2) the protective effect of postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) on patients. METHODS: All patients were divided randomly into 3 groups: the EN group, treated with EN during postoperative ...
Benjamin Jaya - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Increased intestinal permeability (IP) has been implicated in the etiopathogenesis, disease activity and relapse of Crohn's disease (CD). Glutamine, the major fuel for the enterocytes, may improve IP. AIM: We evaluated the effect of oral glutamine on IP and intestinal morphology in patients with CD. METHODS: In a randomized ...
Ezer Ali - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate the effects of manual bowel decompression in patients who were operated on for mechanical small bowel obstruction. METHODS: Between March 2008 and February 2010, 40 consecutive patients with mechanical small bowel obstruction were randomized into 2 clinically comparable groups. ...
Mujović Nebojsa - - 2011
The use of irrigated-tip catheters enables elimination of almost all accessory pathways (APs) resistant to standard radiofrequency ablation (RFA). However, efficacy of irrigation catheter technology in the initial AP ablation has not been studied systematically yet. We tested whether the externally irrigated-tip catheters are more effective than the conventional-tip catheters ...
Fan Chao - - 2011
To explore the feasibility and efficiency of a novel magnetic compression anastomats (MCAs) in intestinal anastomosis. A total of 36 male mongrel canines underwent intestinal anastomosis using traditional hand-sewn (n=18) or a novel MCAs (n= 18). We compared the anastomosis time, postoperative complications, bursting strength of anastomoses, gross appearance, and ...
Wang Wei-bin - - 2011
To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis methods, therapeutic principles of intestinal Behcet's disease. king Union Medical College Hospital from August 1998 to April 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical courses of patients with intestinal Behcet's disease were from 26 days to 33 years, and the average duration was 6.32 +/- ...
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