Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1424
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Zarei-Ghanavati Siamak - - 2013
The goal of this study was to compare differences in the mean angle kappa and its intercepts before and after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia. In a prospective controlled study, myopic patients were treated with aspheric wavefront-guided (personalized) PRK with a Bausch & Lomb Technolas 217z excimer laser. The manifest ...
Fabri Pereira Ribeiro Gustavo Henrique - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the rates of local postoperative complications among women undergoing modified radical mastectomy with an electric scalpel (ES) or a harmonic scalpel (HS). It is thought that HS use has less postoperative complications, mainly seroma formation. METHODS: This study was a prospective ...
Fujino Yasuhisa - - 2013
AIM: The annual incidence of colonic diverticular bleeding is increasing, but treatments are not yet well established. Here we aimed to identify the risk factors for early re-bleeding and to determine the associated duration of hospitalisation. METHOD: Records of 90 emergent patients with colonic diverticular bleeding between 1999 and May ...
Di Stasi Stephanie L - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The current standard of practice for an athlete to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is varied. Attempt to return to activity is typically advised 6 months after surgery, but functional performance deficits and gait abnormalities are often still evident and may have important implications on future ...
Van Beeck A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) is often removed during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). No evidence based guidelines on changes in clinical outcome have yet been described. The aim of this review is to investigate whether regular removal of the IPFP during TKA should be performed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven ...
Bertrand Valérie - - 2013
Purpose:  To compare the rates of change in the visual field (VF) in patients with glaucoma before and after trabeculectomy. Methods:  Of 52 eyes of 52 patients with different types of chronic glaucoma who underwent first trabeculectomy were evaluated retrospectively. Pre- and postoperative-automated visual fields measured by the same technique ...
Villalón Pablo - - 2013
There are limited studies about the effects of occlusal appliance (OA) after three months of use. This study aimed to compare myofascial pain (MP) according to RDC/TMD, craniocervical relationships (CR) and masseter and temporalis bilateral electromyographic (EMG) activity, before and after three months of occlusal appliance use. Nineteen patients participated ...
Ulviye Yigit - - 2013
Objective: To determine whether early toxic effects from hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) could be detected by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) before symtomatic visual loss occured. Materials and Methods: Fifteen subjects with a history of the chronic use of hydroxychloroquine monotherapy for less than five years without fundus changes (group 1) and ...
Puche Nathalie - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To analyze the genetic and environmental factors associated with reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS:: In a large population, AMD patients (n = 519) with and without RPD were assessed with a standardized examination including infrared images and spectral domain optical coherence tomography scans. Three groups ...
Daams F - - 2013
The role of local ischaemia in the pathogenesis of colorectal anastomotic leakage (AL) is not known. This study investigates the role of local ischaemia caused by sutures in an experimental colonic anastomosis model. 36 mice were assigned to three types of anastomosis, all using running sutures; in the first group ...
Delawi Diyar - - 2013
The most common application of bone grafts is spinal fusion surgery, in which the use of iliac crest autograft is the gold standard. Harvesting of autograft however, requires an extra surgical procedure, which is associated with additional morbidity. Allograft is the well-known alternative, but is generally considered less effective in ...
González Andrea P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study compared 3 combinations of volume and concentration using the same total dose of lidocaine for ultrasound-guided infraclavicular block. METHODS: Ninety patients were randomized to 1 of 3 combinations of volume and concentration for lidocaine: (1) 52.5 mL of lidocaine 1%, (2) 35 mL of ...
Wu Guofeng - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The effects of performing a minimally invasive procedure at different stages after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) on perifocal MMP-9 expression and bloodâ€"brain barrier (BBB) permeability were evaluated. METHODS: Thirty-six rabbits were randomly distributed into a normal control group (NC group, six rabbits), a model control group (MC group, six rabbits), ...
Zhang Hongmin - - 2013
Fungal keratitis is a common disease that causes blindness. An effective animal model for fungal keratitis is essential for advancing research on this disease. Our objective is to develop a novel mouse model of Fusarium solani keratitis through the inoculation of fluorescent-labeled fungi into the cornea to facilitate the accurate ...
Levinger Pazit - - 2013
We investigated the biomechanical changes that occur in the lower limb following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Lower limb joint kinematics and kinetics were evaluated in 32 patients before and 12months following TKA and 28 age-matched controls. Analysis of variance with Bonferroni-adjusted post-hoc tests showed no significant changes in knee joint ...
Radcliff Kristen E - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort. OBJECTIVE:: Change in cervical angular alignment may be associated with dysphagia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Bony deformities of the cervical spine may be associated with secondary contractures in soft tissues in the neck. Acute surgical deformity correction result in changes in soft ...
Osman Yasser - - 2013
PURPOSE: To date, there is no evidence-based medicine data critically judging the vulnerability of solitary kidney to warm ischemia (WI) compared to paired kidneys MATERIALS & METHODS: Ten dogs were exposed to open right nephrectomy to perform a solitary kidney model (Group I). Ten dogs with both kidneys were considered ...
Boughebri O - - 2013
Our aim was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of reverse shoulder replacements performed in association with a latissimus dorsi and teres major tendon transfer in cases of irreparable posterosuperior cuff tears including the teres minor tendon. Our hypothesis was that the tendon transfers would improve the clinical results ...
Tran De Q H - - 2013
BACKGROUND:In this prospective, randomized, observer-blinded trial, we compared ultrasound-guided subparaneural popliteal sciatic nerve blocks performed either at or proximal to the neural bifurcation (B). We hypothesized that the total anesthesia-related time (sum of performance and onset times) would be decreased with the prebifurcation (PB) technique.METHODS:Ultrasound-guided posterior popliteal sciatic nerve block ...
Iseki Kunitoshi - - 2013
Hyperuricemia is common among patients with hypertension and metabolic syndrome and therefore may be a cause of or result from these comorbid conditions. Few studies, however, have examined the relationship between the presence-absence of hyperuricemia and changes in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the large cohort of the ...
Leitch Kristyn M - - 2013
To elucidate the effects of frontal plane lower limb alignment on gait biomechanics, we compared knee joint moments and frontal plane angular impulse before and after varus or valgus producing osteotomy in patients with lateral or medial compartment osteoarthritis, and in healthy participants with neutral alignment. Thirty-nine subjects participated (13 ...
Goldberg David - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Injectable poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) is a synthetic polymer indicated for the correction of facial wrinkles and folds. Animal studies have shown that implantation of PLLA stimulates collagen synthesis; human studies have been limited. OBJECTIVE: To investigate human tissue response to injectable PLLA. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this exploratory single-arm, ...
Cattano D D Department of Anesthesiology, University of Texas Health Science Center Medical School at Houston, 6431 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
Assessment of the potentially difficult airway (DA) is a critical aspect of resident education. We investigated the impact of a new assessment form on airway prediction and management by anaesthesia residents. We hypothesized that residents would demonstrate improvement in evaluation of DAs over the study duration. After IRB approval, anaesthesia ...
Hossain Mohammad A - - 2013
Evaluation of: Tillman BW, Yazdani SK, Neff LP et al. Bioengineered vascular access maintains structural integrity in response to arteriovenous flow and repeated needle puncture. J. Vasc. Surg. 56(3), 783-793 (2012). Alternatives to autogenous arteriovenous hemodialysis (HD) access, such as synthetic arteriovenous bypass grafts and central venous catheters, are associated ...
Toomarian Lida - - 2013
THE GOAL OF THIS INVESTIGATION WAS TO COMPARE THE BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF THREE SEDATIVE DRUG REGIMENS: oral meperidine (OM), submucosal meperidine (SM) and oral midazolam (M) in healthy pediatric patients. This study sample consisted of thirty children aged 24-72 months (mean = 41.1) exhibiting definitely negative behavior. Three ...
Sato Masafumi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although the maze procedure is an established surgical treatment for eliminating atrial fibrillation (AF), its efficacy in patients with mitral valve disease has remained unsatisfactory. A useful predictive marker for the outcome of the maze procedure is needed. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the preoperative ...
Frank Steven M SM Department of Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA. - - 2013
Erythrocyte cell membranes undergo morphologic changes during storage, but it is unclear whether these changes are reversible. We assessed erythrocyte cell membrane deformability in patients before and after transfusion to determine the effects of storage duration and whether changes in deformability are reversible after transfusion. Sixteen patients undergoing posterior spinal ...
Smith Wisenbaugh Eric - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prostate morphology or technique used has any effect on postoperative outcomes after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was completed for all patients undergoing a holmium laser enucleation of the prostate at our institution. Prostate morphology ...
Teusink Matthew J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are two unusual remodeling patterns of the proximal femur around well-fixed Charnley total hip arthroplasties: cortical thinning leading to endosteal widening around the femoral component and hypertrophy of the distal femoral cortex. Previous studies have shown remodeling patterns are affected by stem design and occur early postoperatively. It ...
Newby Nathalie C - - 2013
Grooming is a normal behavior that may contribute to relief of stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of access to a mechanical brush on auto-grooming behavior in parturient cows. The hypothesis was that cows would increase the total time spent scratching using the brush if ...
Naraoka Takuya - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Collagen peptides have been reported to possess various biological activities for various cell types. The purposes of this study were, first, to examine the therapeutic effects of collagen tripeptide (Ctp) in rabbit osteoarthritis (OA) and, second, to explore a synergetic effect with hyaluronan (HA). METHODS: Osteoarthritis was induced ...
Kumagai Koji - - 2013
Background: The pre-procedural prediction of atrial fibrillation (AF) termination by catheter ablation in patients with persistent AF has not been evaluated fully. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pre-procedural predictors of persistent AF termination by ablation associated with the possibility of reverse remodeling of the left atrium (LA). ...
Naitoh Yasuyuki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hemostatic effect of newly developed medical adhesive in animal partial nephrectomy models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 experimental rabbits were used in the first study. After clamping the renal vessels, partial nephrectomy was performed up to the opening of the calices. Bioglue was applied ...
Jung Kyoung In - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the risk factors for decompression retinopathy after glaucoma surgery. METHODS:: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent a trabeculectomy or Ahmed valve implantation and divided them into 2 groups by the development of decompression retinopathy. Various factors were compared between the 2 groups, including age, ...
Romkes Gwendolyna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate how two closure techniques after full-thickness V-shaped excision relate to wound recovery and how these techniques affect eyelid function and stability of the preocular tear film. ANIMALS STUDIED: Thirty-eight dogs with 43 eyelid tumors involving <25% of eyelid margin length were included in a ...
Larsen Jacob M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The natural history of insulation defects with inside-out conductor externalization in recalled St. Jude Medical Riata defibrillator leads is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of externalization in a nationwide screening. Secondary aims were to examine time dependence and location of externalization, association to electrical failure and ...
Kus Alparslan - - 2013
The traditional method to evaluate adequacy of the block for surgery is based on loss of sensory response to stimuli, which requires patient cooperation. Several methods have been described for objective assessment of the nerve block. The aim of the study was to investigate whether perfusion index (PI), a measure ...
Kim Su-Jin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The bilateral axillo-breast approach for endoscopic/robotic thyroid surgery (BABA) shows good oncologic and surgical outcomes and does not result in neck scars. However, there is concern about potential sensory changes of the skin flaps after BABA, especially of the breast areas. This prospective study was undertaken to evaluate sensory ...
Cohen-Levy Julia - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess changes in the profile of adult male patients treated for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) with maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery and to measure patient perception of changes compared with that of different panels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen consecutive apneic patients displaying a ...
Izeki Masanori - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A cross-sectional study.Objective. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of reduction of anterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) on the oropharyngeal airway space.Summary of Background Data. Our previous studies have shown that reduction of the occipito-C2 angle (O-C2A) makes the mandible shift posteriorly, resulting in ...
Iannitti Tommaso - - 2013
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease mostly occurring in the knee and commonly seen in middle-aged and elderly adults. Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid has been widely used for treatment of knee osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular injection of a novel highly ...
Nicholson Luke T - - 2013
A learning curve for returning to conventional total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after using computer-assisted (CAS) TKA has not yet been established. In this study, the postoperative mechanical axes of the first 30 consecutive CAS TKAs performed by a single surgeon were compared to his subsequent 120 conventionally performed TKAs. A ...
Taneja Ravi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-induced dysregulation between thrombin and its regulatory anticoagulant activated protein C (APC). A prospective observational cohort study. A tertiary care university hospital and associated research laboratory. Twenty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery with (n = ...
Sahoo Nanda Kishore - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the increase in height and change in position of neo-articular tubercle in cases treated by Dautrey's procedure. 10 cases of Tempromandibular joint (TMJ) disorders satisfying the inclusion criteria were included in this study, out of which 8 had bilateral chronic recurrent ...
Ehrhart Nicole P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of an absorbable barbed suture device to absorbable monofilament suture after single layer, appositional gastrotomy and enterotomy closure. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental comparative study. ANIMALS: Purpose-bred adult mongrel hounds (n = 14). METHODS: Bursting strengths up to 250 mmHg of incisional closure with either monofilament or barbed suture in ...
Ariyoshi Tsuneo - - 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in severity of secondary tricuspid regurgitation (TR) accompanying mitral valve disease, and to identify factors predicting failure of improvement in TR after mitral valve surgery.Methods: We studied 99 patients who had TR of grade ≥2+ preoperatively, 47 with tricuspid annuloplasty ...
Peltola Mikko - - 2013
Little is known about the effect of the learning curve for different types of total hip arthroplasties (THAs). We investigated the prostheses survival of THAs just after the implementation of a model new to the hospital, and compared these results with the results of THAs done when more than 100 ...
Gibelli Daniele - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Scarce experimental data exist describing postmortem effects of burial in cement. The scanty literature presents several case reports, but no experimental study. To perform a pilot study, the following experimental system was designed: 4 piglet corpses, who died of natural causes, were encased in concrete. After 1, 2, 3, ...
McDermott Mary M MM Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
Among individuals with peripheral artery disease (PAD), we compared annual change in 6-minute walk performance between participants who neither underwent lower extremity revascularization nor walked for exercise (group 1, reference), those who walked regularly for exercise (group 2), and those who underwent lower extremity revascularization (group 3). Participants were recruited ...
Braibant Martine - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: HIV-1 has been classified into 4 groups: M, N, O and P. The aim of this study was to revisit the cross-group neutralization using a highly diverse panel of primary isolates (PI). DESIGN:: The panel of viruses included 9 HIV-1 group O PIs, 1 recombinant M/O PI, 1 group ...
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