Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1391
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Larsen Jacob M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The natural history of insulation defects with inside-out conductor externalization in recalled St. Jude Medical Riata defibrillator leads is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of externalization in a nationwide screening. Secondary aims were to examine time dependence and location of externalization, association to electrical failure and ...
Kus Alparslan - - 2013
The traditional method to evaluate adequacy of the block for surgery is based on loss of sensory response to stimuli, which requires patient cooperation. Several methods have been described for objective assessment of the nerve block. The aim of the study was to investigate whether perfusion index (PI), a measure ...
Kim Su-Jin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The bilateral axillo-breast approach for endoscopic/robotic thyroid surgery (BABA) shows good oncologic and surgical outcomes and does not result in neck scars. However, there is concern about potential sensory changes of the skin flaps after BABA, especially of the breast areas. This prospective study was undertaken to evaluate sensory ...
Cohen-Levy Julia - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess changes in the profile of adult male patients treated for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) with maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery and to measure patient perception of changes compared with that of different panels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen consecutive apneic patients displaying a ...
Izeki Masanori - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A cross-sectional study.Objective. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of reduction of anterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) on the oropharyngeal airway space.Summary of Background Data. Our previous studies have shown that reduction of the occipito-C2 angle (O-C2A) makes the mandible shift posteriorly, resulting in ...
Iannitti Tommaso - - 2013
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease mostly occurring in the knee and commonly seen in middle-aged and elderly adults. Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid has been widely used for treatment of knee osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular injection of a novel highly ...
Xi Ym - - 2013
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design. Animal experimental study.Objective. To establish an early and reproducible intervertebral disc degeneration model to provide a basis for studying intervertebral disc degeneration.Summary of Background Data. The pathophysiology and pathogenesis of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration, a common condition that causes low back pain, are not clearly understood. ...
Nicholson Luke T - - 2013
A learning curve for returning to conventional total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after using computer-assisted (CAS) TKA has not yet been established. In this study, the postoperative mechanical axes of the first 30 consecutive CAS TKAs performed by a single surgeon were compared to his subsequent 120 conventionally performed TKAs. A ...
Taneja Ravi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-induced dysregulation between thrombin and its regulatory anticoagulant activated protein C (APC). A prospective observational cohort study. A tertiary care university hospital and associated research laboratory. Twenty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery with (n = ...
Sahoo Nanda Kishore - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the increase in height and change in position of neo-articular tubercle in cases treated by Dautrey's procedure. 10 cases of Tempromandibular joint (TMJ) disorders satisfying the inclusion criteria were included in this study, out of which 8 had bilateral chronic recurrent ...
Ehrhart Nicole P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of an absorbable barbed suture device to absorbable monofilament suture after single layer, appositional gastrotomy and enterotomy closure. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental comparative study. ANIMALS: Purpose-bred adult mongrel hounds (n = 14). METHODS: Bursting strengths up to 250 mmHg of incisional closure with either monofilament or barbed suture in ...
Ariyoshi Tsuneo - - 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in severity of secondary tricuspid regurgitation (TR) accompanying mitral valve disease, and to identify factors predicting failure of improvement in TR after mitral valve surgery.Methods: We studied 99 patients who had TR of grade ≥2+ preoperatively, 47 with tricuspid annuloplasty ...
Peltola Mikko - - 2013
Little is known about the effect of the learning curve for different types of total hip arthroplasties (THAs). We investigated the prostheses survival of THAs just after the implementation of a model new to the hospital, and compared these results with the results of THAs done when more than 100 ...
Gibelli Daniele - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Scarce experimental data exist describing postmortem effects of burial in cement. The scanty literature presents several case reports, but no experimental study. To perform a pilot study, the following experimental system was designed: 4 piglet corpses, who died of natural causes, were encased in concrete. After 1, 2, 3, ...
McDermott Mary M MM Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
Among individuals with peripheral artery disease (PAD), we compared annual change in 6-minute walk performance between participants who neither underwent lower extremity revascularization nor walked for exercise (group 1, reference), those who walked regularly for exercise (group 2), and those who underwent lower extremity revascularization (group 3). Participants were recruited ...
Braibant Martine - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: HIV-1 has been classified into 4 groups: M, N, O and P. The aim of this study was to revisit the cross-group neutralization using a highly diverse panel of primary isolates (PI). DESIGN:: The panel of viruses included 9 HIV-1 group O PIs, 1 recombinant M/O PI, 1 group ...
Nguyen-Thanh T - - 2013
PURPOSE: Global tracking (GT) is a recently published fibre tractography (FT) method that takes simultaneously all fibres into account during their reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to compare this new method with fibre assignment by continuous tracking (FACT) and probabilistic tractography (PT) for the detection of the corticospinal ...
Poels Jonathan - - 2013
Does vitrification of human immature testicular tissue (ITT) have potential benefits for future fertility preservation? Does vitrification of human ITT have potential benefits in an in vivo murine xenotransplantation model? Vitrification is able to maintain proliferation capacity in spermatogonial cells after 6 months of xenografting. Controlled slow-freezing is the procedure ...
Hoffman George M GM Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis; Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis. Electronic address: - - 2013
Neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome have significant hemodynamic threats to cerebral perfusion and are at risk of reduced neurodevelopmental performance. We hypothesized that cerebral hypoxia, detectable by near-infrared spectroscopy in the early postoperative period, would be related to later neurodevelopmental performance. The study population was a sequential cohort of ...
Enocson Alexandra - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: No studies have investigated the immediate impact of receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) on pulmonary inflammation or lung function. METHODS: Using a prospective study design, we quantified the changes in these outcome measures in eligible adult individuals in the first six months after receiving an ...
Pithon Matheus Melo - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate, in vitro, the effect of mouthwashes with and without bleaching agents on the force of elastomeric chains. Materials and Methods: A total of 108 elastomeric chain specimens was divided into six groups (n  =  18 in each group). Two test groups were exposed to two types ...
De Backer Daniel - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Sepsis induces microvascular alterations that may play an important role in the development of organ dysfunction. However, the relationship of these alterations to systemic variables and outcome is still not well defined. We investigated which factors may influence microcirculatory alterations in patients with severe sepsis and whether these are ...
Huang Xin-Yu - - 2013
Background: Despite marked improvements in pancreatic surgery, the high incidence and morbidity of pancreatic leak after resection has remained unchanged. The current study investigated the safety and efficacy of bovine pericardium wrapping stump after distal pancreatectomy in a porcine model. Methods: Thirty-two swine were randomly assigned to control and experiment ...
Hagstrom Lindsey S - - 2013
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to determine which suture repair technique better restores glenoid labrum height: horizontal sutures or simple sutures. METHODS: Sixteen cadaveric glenoids, 8 per repair technique, were used to measure native labral height at the 3:00 to 6:00 positions in half-hour increments. A Bankart lesion ...
Thaler Martin M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. - - 2013
Recently, a new minimally invasive technique called 'vertebral body stenting' (VBS) was introduced for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. The technique was developed to prevent the loss of reduction after deflation of the balloon and to reduce the complication rate associated with cement leakage. The amount of kyphosis correction, ...
Vandeput Steven - - 2013
Background: Spaceflight causes changes in the cardiovascular control system. The aim of this study was to evaluate postflight recovery of linear and nonlinear neural markers of heart rate modulation, with a special focus on day-night variations. Material/Methods: Twenty-four-hour Holter ECG recordings were obtained in 8 astronauts participating in space missions ...
Osawa Takahiro - - 2013
Nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) has become the standard treatment for small renal cell carcinoma because of its comparable oncological outcome and superior patient survival compared to total nephrectomy. However, the precise chronological course of recovery from initial kidney damage and the factors responsible for it remain unknown. Seventy-one patients who underwent ...
Suero Eduardo M - - 2013
There are a number of factors responsible for the longevity of unicompartmental knee replacements (UKR). These include the magnitude of postoperative alignment and the type of material used. The effect of component design and material on postoperative alignment, however, has not been explored. We retrospectively reviewed 89 patients who underwent ...
Dhawale Arjun A - - 2013
: Serial cast correction is a popular treatment option for progressive infantile scoliosis. Body casting can lead to chest and abdominal expansion restriction and result in decreased chest wall compliance. There are no studies evaluating the effects of casting on ventilation in infantile scoliosis. This study examines changes in peak ...
Zhai Hongbo - - 2013
This study assessed the bioequivalence, using keratolytic efficacy, of topical preparations studied in humans using adhesive tape stripping and biophysical methods. Ten healthy patients (3 men and 7 women [7 Caucasians and 3 Asians] mean age, 47 years) completed the study. Each coded product was randomly applied to the back ...
Bogaty Peter - - 2013
C-reactive protein (CRP) is proposed as a screening test for predicting risk and guiding preventive approaches in coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the stability of repeated CRP measurements over time in subjects with and without CAD is not well defined. We sought to determine the stability of serial CRP measurements ...
Takumi Ichiro - - 2013
This study evaluated preliminary findings on the efficacy of polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel dural sealant capping for the prevention of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and pneumocephalus during deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery in the semisupine position. Group A consisted of 5 patients who underwent bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN)-DBS surgery without ...
Flagg Seth Y - - 2013
Rescue from a disabled submarine may result in substantial risk for severe decompression sickness (DCS) among survivors. Oxygen prebreathe (OPB) before rapid decompression has been shown to significantly reduce risk or delay onset for severe DCS in animals. However, the duration of this benefit remains unknown and might even be ...
Reimann M - - 2013
The study of small-molecule metabolites may assist in cardiovascular risk monitoring during therapy. We assessed whether acute changes in the metabolome by lipoprotein apheresis are able to predict changes in microvascular function. We performed mass-spectrometry-based profiling of 186 metabolites in peripheral plasma of 21 hyperlipidemic patients before and after a ...
Nayar Manu K - - 2013
Rapid onsite adequacy assessment is stated to improve the diagnostic performance of EUS-FNA. The aim of this study was to establish if the introduction of adequacy assessment performed by a biomedical scientist (cytotechnologist) to an established EUS service improved the diagnostic accuracy of EUS guided FNA of solid pancreaticobiliary lesions. ...
Böhm Robert - - 2013
Identifying methods to increase cooperation and efficiency in public goods provision is of vital interest for human societies. The methods that have been proposed often incur costs that (more than) destroy the efficiency gains through increased cooperation. It has for example been shown that inter-group conflict increases intra-group cooperation, however ...
Eyi E G Yapar - - 2013
Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS) is a new hemostatic agent that is licensed for external hemorrhages. ABS comprises of a standard mixture of Thymus vulgaris, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Vitis vinifera, Alpinia officinarum, and Urtica dioica which has also been approved in Turkey for the management of bleeding. The authors, aim was to ...
Xu Xiu-Fang - - 2013
The immunosuppressive agent cyclosporin A has been proven to reduce the rejection rate and prolong the survival time of transplanted hearts. But some reports showed that cyclosporine A did not completely suppress the rejection. We performed in vitro studies to model a time course to observe the effect of cyclosporin ...
Ozmen Ozlem - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is one of the most significant causes of mortality in humans and animals, and its etiology is usually unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiac pathology of endosulfan toxicity and the protective effect of vitamin C in rabbits. Twenty-four rabbits were divided into 4 ...
Cavdar Ercüment - - 2013
Purpose. To evaluate the changes of flash electroretinography (fERG) and pattern visual evoked potentials (pVEP) in ocular hypertension (OHT) patients. Methods. Twenty-five OHT patients and 30 healthy volunteers were enrolled for this cross-sectional study. Opthalmologic examinations, visual field tests, pVEP and fERG were performed. The main outcome measures were the ...
Evranos Banu - - 2013
Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation is recommended for patients with symptomaticparoxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) despite anti-arrhythmic drugs (AADs). Radiofrequency ablation is widely accepted as an effective treatment for PAF. Cryoenergy by cryoballoon technique is an alternative to radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Cryoballoon ablation is safe, andhas a similar success rate in ...
Bobyn Justin - - 2013
Spinal fusion is a common orthopaedic procedure that has been previously modeled using canine, lapine, and rodent subjects. Despite the increasing availability of genetically modified mouse strains, murine models have only been infrequently described. To present an efficient and minimally traumatic procedure for achieving spinal fusion in a mouse model ...
Tyagi P - - 2013
To evaluate and compare the behavioral changes and effect of sedative techniques in pediatric dental patients using Oral Midazolam, Intravenous Midazolam and Oral Diazepam as sedative agents. Triple blind randomized control trial with 40 patients aged between 2-10 years, exhibiting definitely negative behavior was considered. Patients were randomly assigned to ...
O'Shaughnessy Julie - - 2013
A single group prospective study. Disc prostheses are believed to contribute to the restoration of the segmental movement and the preservation of the adjacent segments. The study's main objective was to determine if changes in neuromuscular patterns assessed using the flexion-relaxation phenomenon (FRP) can be observed following disc replacement surgery. ...
Lee Il Soo - - 2013
To evaluate the atherosclerotic evolution in coronary bifurcations located proximally and distally to a bioresorbable scaffold. Thirty bifurcations located >5 mm beyond the scaffolded segment, being investigated with serial intravascular ultrasound virtual histology (IVUS-VH) examinations, at baseline and 2-years, in patients enrolled in the ABSORB cohort B1 study were included in ...
Harper Tisha A M - - 2013
Airborne microorganisms within the hospital environment can potentially cause infection in susceptible patients. The objectives of this study were to identify, quantify, and determine the nosocomial potential of common airborne microorganisms present within a small animal teaching hospital. Bioaerosol sampling was done initially in all 11 rooms and, subsequently, weekly ...
Kovtun Lyudmila T - - 2013
Hypoxia is the reduction of oxygen availability due to external or internal causes. There is large individual variability of response to hypoxia. The aim of this study was to define individual and typological features in susceptibility to hypoxia, its interrelation with hypoxic and hypercapnic ventilatory responses (HVR and HCVR, respectively) ...
Kanellopoulos Anastasios John - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of two alternative corneal topography data sources used in topography-guided excimer laser normalization, combined with corneal collagen cross-linking in the management of keratoconus using the Athens protocol, ie, a Placido disc imaging device and a Scheimpflug imaging device. ...
Fahim Alireza - - 2013
This study aimed to assess changes in contrast sensitivity and aberrations in cases of myopia greater than 5.0 diopter (D) who had photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). In this semi-experimental study, 20 eyes of ten patients were studied. Inclusion criteria were at least 5.0 D of myopia, stable refraction in the past ...
Knapps Jean - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is gaining popularity as a bariatric procedure, with outcomes similar to gastric band and gastric bypass. Staple-line disruption is a significant source of morbidity and death. We aim to evaluate the effect of staple-line reinforcement on the gastric leak rate, morbidity, and mortality rate. A systematic review ...
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