Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1391
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Agusti Alvar - - 2013
Since the publication of the new GOLD proposal for the assessment of COPD, four studies have used existing cohorts to explore the characteristics, temporal variability and/or relationship with outcomes of the four resulting patient categories (A, B, C, D).Here, we compare their results and address a number of frequently asked ...
Alkin Zeynep - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of 2 different amounts of commonly used intravitreal agents on anterior segment morphology in conjunction with intraocular pressure (IOP) changes.
Methods: Two groups of 46 patients who received intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (group 1, 
0.05 mL) or bevacizumab-triamcinolone acetate (TA) combination (group 2, 0.1 mL) were ...
Brunetto Mauricio - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to analyze and compare the immediate effects of rapid and slow maxillary expansion protocols, accomplished by Haas-type palatal expanders activated in different frequencies of activation on the positioning of the maxillary first permanent molars and on the buccal alveolar bones of these teeth with ...
Holznagel Edgar - - 2013
Risk for human exposure to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)-inducing agent was estimated in a nonhuman primate model. To determine attack rates, incubation times, and molecular signatures, we orally exposed 18 macaques to 1 high dose of brain material from cattle with BSE. Several macaques were euthanized at regular intervals starting ...
Yoon Jeong-Hee - - 2013
To compare the in-vitro efficiency of dual-switching monopolar (DSM) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) using a separable clustered electrode (Octopus® electrodes) with consecutive monopolar (CM) and switching monopolar (SM) RFA techniques to create an ablative zone in the explanted bovine liver. For DSM-RFA, we used a prototype, three-channel, dual generator RFA Unit ...
Simeoforidou Marina - - 2013
Interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) may be followed by cardiovascular instability. Until date, there is no clear picture available about the underlying mechanisms of ISB. In this study, we aimed to determine the changes in heart rate variability (HRV) parameters after ISB and the differences between right- and left-sided ISBs. ...
Yagura Denise - - 2013
To investigate a potential relationship between degree of stretching and resulting permanent deformation of elastomeric chains (ECs) as well as whether or not stretching time has any bearing on the degree of permanent deformation. Five-module segments of closed elastomeric chains manufactured by 3M Unitek were stretched to 10-100% of their ...
Holnapy Gergely - - 2013
INTRODUCTION, OBJECTIVE: Gait analysis has provided important information about the variability of gait for patients prior to and after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The objective of this research was to clarify how the method of exposure in total hip arthroplasty affects the variability of gait. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Gait analysis ...
Chatellard R - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: In several recent studies, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) produced better functional outcomes than did total knee arthroplasty with 10-year prosthesis survival rates greater than 95%. Nevertheless, UKA is still widely viewed as producing inconsistent results. Tibial component loosening is the leading cause of failure. We consequently sought to identify ...
Murphy Barbara M - - 2013
PURPOSE:: While behavior change can improve risk factor profiles and prognosis after an acute cardiac event, patients need assistance to achieve sustained lifestyle changes. We developed the "Beating Heart Problems" cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing program to support patients to develop behavioral and cognitive self-management skills. We report the results ...
Bin Abd Razak Hamid Rahmatullah - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: This study compared joint line changes and functional outcomes between cruciate-retaining (CR) and posterior-stabilized (PS) computer-navigated total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). With the increased precision offered by computer navigation, we hypothesized that there should be minimal differences in the joint line changes between the groups and thus no significant differences ...
Alarcon Ana - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical, biochemical, and neuroimaging findings as predictors of neurodevelopmental outcome in patients with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV). STUDY DESIGN: The study cohort comprised 26 patients with symptomatic congenital CMV born between 1993 and 2009 in a single center. Absolute and weight deficit-adjusted head circumference were considered. Cerebrospinal ...
Hashemi Hassan - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus. DESIGN: Prospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: This study was conducted on 40 eyes of 32 patients with progressive keratoconus between 2006 and 2012. METHODS: Patients underwent CXL no later than 1 month after baseline examinations. ...
Ogomori Koji - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the difference between the morphological and perfusion changes occurring with the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: The study focused on 37 patients who were clinically diagnosed with AD and were examined by both MRI and perfusion SPECT twice during a ...
Salem Hatem M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Simple trapeziectomy has a well-documented history of success for the management of osteoarthritis at the trapeziometacarpal joint. There is concern, however, that late-onset failure can occur as a result of the development of degenerative disease at the scaphoid-metacarpal pseudarthrosis. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Zarei-Ghanavati Siamak - - 2013
The goal of this study was to compare differences in the mean angle kappa and its intercepts before and after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia. In a prospective controlled study, myopic patients were treated with aspheric wavefront-guided (personalized) PRK with a Bausch & Lomb Technolas 217z excimer laser. The manifest ...
Fabri Pereira Ribeiro Gustavo Henrique - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the rates of local postoperative complications among women undergoing modified radical mastectomy with an electric scalpel (ES) or a harmonic scalpel (HS). It is thought that HS use has less postoperative complications, mainly seroma formation. METHODS: This study was a prospective ...
Fujino Yasuhisa - - 2013
AIM: The annual incidence of colonic diverticular bleeding is increasing, but treatments are not yet well established. Here we aimed to identify the risk factors for early re-bleeding and to determine the associated duration of hospitalisation. METHOD: Records of 90 emergent patients with colonic diverticular bleeding between 1999 and May ...
Di Stasi Stephanie L - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The current standard of practice for an athlete to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is varied. Attempt to return to activity is typically advised 6 months after surgery, but functional performance deficits and gait abnormalities are often still evident and may have important implications on future ...
Van Beeck A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) is often removed during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). No evidence based guidelines on changes in clinical outcome have yet been described. The aim of this review is to investigate whether regular removal of the IPFP during TKA should be performed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven ...
Bertrand Valérie - - 2013
Purpose:  To compare the rates of change in the visual field (VF) in patients with glaucoma before and after trabeculectomy. Methods:  Of 52 eyes of 52 patients with different types of chronic glaucoma who underwent first trabeculectomy were evaluated retrospectively. Pre- and postoperative-automated visual fields measured by the same technique ...
Villalón Pablo - - 2013
There are limited studies about the effects of occlusal appliance (OA) after three months of use. This study aimed to compare myofascial pain (MP) according to RDC/TMD, craniocervical relationships (CR) and masseter and temporalis bilateral electromyographic (EMG) activity, before and after three months of occlusal appliance use. Nineteen patients participated ...
Ulviye Yigit - - 2013
Objective: To determine whether early toxic effects from hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) could be detected by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) before symtomatic visual loss occured. Materials and Methods: Fifteen subjects with a history of the chronic use of hydroxychloroquine monotherapy for less than five years without fundus changes (group 1) and ...
Puche Nathalie - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To analyze the genetic and environmental factors associated with reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS:: In a large population, AMD patients (n = 519) with and without RPD were assessed with a standardized examination including infrared images and spectral domain optical coherence tomography scans. Three groups ...
Daams F - - 2013
The role of local ischaemia in the pathogenesis of colorectal anastomotic leakage (AL) is not known. This study investigates the role of local ischaemia caused by sutures in an experimental colonic anastomosis model. 36 mice were assigned to three types of anastomosis, all using running sutures; in the first group ...
Delawi Diyar - - 2013
The most common application of bone grafts is spinal fusion surgery, in which the use of iliac crest autograft is the gold standard. Harvesting of autograft however, requires an extra surgical procedure, which is associated with additional morbidity. Allograft is the well-known alternative, but is generally considered less effective in ...
González Andrea P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study compared 3 combinations of volume and concentration using the same total dose of lidocaine for ultrasound-guided infraclavicular block. METHODS: Ninety patients were randomized to 1 of 3 combinations of volume and concentration for lidocaine: (1) 52.5 mL of lidocaine 1%, (2) 35 mL of ...
Wu Guofeng - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The effects of performing a minimally invasive procedure at different stages after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) on perifocal MMP-9 expression and bloodâ€"brain barrier (BBB) permeability were evaluated. METHODS: Thirty-six rabbits were randomly distributed into a normal control group (NC group, six rabbits), a model control group (MC group, six rabbits), ...
Zhang Hongmin - - 2013
Fungal keratitis is a common disease that causes blindness. An effective animal model for fungal keratitis is essential for advancing research on this disease. Our objective is to develop a novel mouse model of Fusarium solani keratitis through the inoculation of fluorescent-labeled fungi into the cornea to facilitate the accurate ...
Levinger Pazit - - 2013
We investigated the biomechanical changes that occur in the lower limb following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Lower limb joint kinematics and kinetics were evaluated in 32 patients before and 12months following TKA and 28 age-matched controls. Analysis of variance with Bonferroni-adjusted post-hoc tests showed no significant changes in knee joint ...
Radcliff Kristen E - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort. OBJECTIVE:: Change in cervical angular alignment may be associated with dysphagia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Bony deformities of the cervical spine may be associated with secondary contractures in soft tissues in the neck. Acute surgical deformity correction result in changes in soft ...
Osman Yasser - - 2013
PURPOSE: To date, there is no evidence-based medicine data critically judging the vulnerability of solitary kidney to warm ischemia (WI) compared to paired kidneys MATERIALS & METHODS: Ten dogs were exposed to open right nephrectomy to perform a solitary kidney model (Group I). Ten dogs with both kidneys were considered ...
Boughebri O - - 2013
Our aim was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of reverse shoulder replacements performed in association with a latissimus dorsi and teres major tendon transfer in cases of irreparable posterosuperior cuff tears including the teres minor tendon. Our hypothesis was that the tendon transfers would improve the clinical results ...
Tran De Q H - - 2013
BACKGROUND:In this prospective, randomized, observer-blinded trial, we compared ultrasound-guided subparaneural popliteal sciatic nerve blocks performed either at or proximal to the neural bifurcation (B). We hypothesized that the total anesthesia-related time (sum of performance and onset times) would be decreased with the prebifurcation (PB) technique.METHODS:Ultrasound-guided posterior popliteal sciatic nerve block ...
Iseki Kunitoshi - - 2013
Hyperuricemia is common among patients with hypertension and metabolic syndrome and therefore may be a cause of or result from these comorbid conditions. Few studies, however, have examined the relationship between the presence-absence of hyperuricemia and changes in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the large cohort of the ...
Leitch Kristyn M - - 2013
To elucidate the effects of frontal plane lower limb alignment on gait biomechanics, we compared knee joint moments and frontal plane angular impulse before and after varus or valgus producing osteotomy in patients with lateral or medial compartment osteoarthritis, and in healthy participants with neutral alignment. Thirty-nine subjects participated (13 ...
Goldberg David - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Injectable poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) is a synthetic polymer indicated for the correction of facial wrinkles and folds. Animal studies have shown that implantation of PLLA stimulates collagen synthesis; human studies have been limited. OBJECTIVE: To investigate human tissue response to injectable PLLA. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this exploratory single-arm, ...
Cattano D D Department of Anesthesiology, University of Texas Health Science Center Medical School at Houston, 6431 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
Assessment of the potentially difficult airway (DA) is a critical aspect of resident education. We investigated the impact of a new assessment form on airway prediction and management by anaesthesia residents. We hypothesized that residents would demonstrate improvement in evaluation of DAs over the study duration. After IRB approval, anaesthesia ...
Hossain Mohammad A - - 2013
Evaluation of: Tillman BW, Yazdani SK, Neff LP et al. Bioengineered vascular access maintains structural integrity in response to arteriovenous flow and repeated needle puncture. J. Vasc. Surg. 56(3), 783-793 (2012). Alternatives to autogenous arteriovenous hemodialysis (HD) access, such as synthetic arteriovenous bypass grafts and central venous catheters, are associated ...
Toomarian Lida - - 2013
THE GOAL OF THIS INVESTIGATION WAS TO COMPARE THE BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF THREE SEDATIVE DRUG REGIMENS: oral meperidine (OM), submucosal meperidine (SM) and oral midazolam (M) in healthy pediatric patients. This study sample consisted of thirty children aged 24-72 months (mean = 41.1) exhibiting definitely negative behavior. Three ...
Sato Masafumi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although the maze procedure is an established surgical treatment for eliminating atrial fibrillation (AF), its efficacy in patients with mitral valve disease has remained unsatisfactory. A useful predictive marker for the outcome of the maze procedure is needed. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the preoperative ...
Frank Steven M SM Department of Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA. - - 2013
Erythrocyte cell membranes undergo morphologic changes during storage, but it is unclear whether these changes are reversible. We assessed erythrocyte cell membrane deformability in patients before and after transfusion to determine the effects of storage duration and whether changes in deformability are reversible after transfusion. Sixteen patients undergoing posterior spinal ...
Smith Wisenbaugh Eric - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prostate morphology or technique used has any effect on postoperative outcomes after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was completed for all patients undergoing a holmium laser enucleation of the prostate at our institution. Prostate morphology ...
Teusink Matthew J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are two unusual remodeling patterns of the proximal femur around well-fixed Charnley total hip arthroplasties: cortical thinning leading to endosteal widening around the femoral component and hypertrophy of the distal femoral cortex. Previous studies have shown remodeling patterns are affected by stem design and occur early postoperatively. It ...
Newby Nathalie C - - 2013
Grooming is a normal behavior that may contribute to relief of stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of access to a mechanical brush on auto-grooming behavior in parturient cows. The hypothesis was that cows would increase the total time spent scratching using the brush if ...
Naraoka Takuya - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Collagen peptides have been reported to possess various biological activities for various cell types. The purposes of this study were, first, to examine the therapeutic effects of collagen tripeptide (Ctp) in rabbit osteoarthritis (OA) and, second, to explore a synergetic effect with hyaluronan (HA). METHODS: Osteoarthritis was induced ...
Kumagai Koji - - 2013
Background: The pre-procedural prediction of atrial fibrillation (AF) termination by catheter ablation in patients with persistent AF has not been evaluated fully. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pre-procedural predictors of persistent AF termination by ablation associated with the possibility of reverse remodeling of the left atrium (LA). ...
Naitoh Yasuyuki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hemostatic effect of newly developed medical adhesive in animal partial nephrectomy models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 experimental rabbits were used in the first study. After clamping the renal vessels, partial nephrectomy was performed up to the opening of the calices. Bioglue was applied ...
Jung Kyoung In - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the risk factors for decompression retinopathy after glaucoma surgery. METHODS:: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent a trabeculectomy or Ahmed valve implantation and divided them into 2 groups by the development of decompression retinopathy. Various factors were compared between the 2 groups, including age, ...
Romkes Gwendolyna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate how two closure techniques after full-thickness V-shaped excision relate to wound recovery and how these techniques affect eyelid function and stability of the preocular tear film. ANIMALS STUDIED: Thirty-eight dogs with 43 eyelid tumors involving <25% of eyelid margin length were included in a ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >