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Results 301 - 350 of 1416
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Li Weifeng - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of patellar dislocation on the development of a trochlear groove by rabbit experiments. Forty 1-month-old white rabbits, and eighty knees, were divided into three groups (sham surgery, experimental, control). The experiment was to make a lateral patellar dislocation and investigate ...
Papageorgiou S N - - 2013
Background The prosthetic margin location relevant to the free gingival margin may influence the incidence of secondary caries due to the differences that exist between the micro-environment within the gingival crevice compared to the rest of the oral environment.Objective The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effect ...
Weeke Peter - - 2013
A prolonged QT interval is associated with increased risk of Torsades de pointes (TdP) and may be fatal. We sought to investigate the extent to which clinical covariates affect the change in QT interval among 'real-world' patients treated with sotalol and followed in an electronic medical record (EMR) system.METHODS AND ...
Brodsky James W JW Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2013
One of the rationales for total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is that it may retard the changes of hypermobility and accelerated arthritis in the hindfoot after ankle arthrodesis. Until recently, it has not been possible to quantify or even objectively demonstrate biomechanical findings to substantiate the theory that postsurgical biomechanical changes ...
Kean Crystal O - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine mechanisms underpinning the reduction in knee adduction moment (KAM) and changes in frontal plane knee-ground reaction force (GRF) lever arm with a modified shoe that incorporates both a variable-stiffness sole and lateral wedging. Thirty individuals with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) and 30 ...
Li Guan-Wu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the temporal changes in marrow lipids content and adipocytes in the development of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) in rabbits using MR spectroscopy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty 20-week-old female rabbits were randomized to a control group and a GIOP group equally. Marrow lipids fraction and bone mineral density at ...
Shiloh Shoshana - - 2013
AIMS: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may be perceived as a frightening experience. Some psychological factors are known correlates of recovery and rehabilitation of cardiac patients. Our objective was to investigate the emotional, cognitive and behavioral effects of patient guidance during their cardiac catheterization. METHODS: We performed a randomized trial comparing ...
Yam Jason C S - - 2013
<p>Purpose:�To determine the prognostic factors associated with better visual outcomes 1 year after corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for keratoconus and post-laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) ectasia.</p><p>Methods:�The study cohort comprised 75 eyes from 50 patients with keratoconus or post-LASIK ectasia who underwent CXL. The outcomes measured were visual response, change of ...
Shen Pei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mandibular symmetry effect of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) replacement by surgicase5.0 software. METHODS: Six developing sheep were included in our study. Spiral computed tomography (CT) data of all sheep was obtained and transformed into 3-dimensional model by surgicase5.0 software preoperatively. 3-dimensional resin skull models were obtained and ...
Behan Ashley L - - 2013
Objective-To use noninvasive respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) to investigate differences in breathing patterns between horses with and without recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) during the onset of airway obstruction induced through confinement to stables. Animals-12 horses with no history or clinical signs of respiratory disease (control horses) and 7 RAO-affected horses. ...
Min Hye Sook - - 2013
A recent analysis of the genetic features of medulloblastoma (MB) suggested classification into distinct subgroups according to gene expression profiles, including the Wingless signaling pathway-activated group (WNT group), the Sonic Hedgehog signaling pathway-activated group (SHH group), group 3, and group 4. To classify MB according to genetic features in practice, ...
Attarian David E DE Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Hospital and Health System, Duke Medicine Plaza-Page Road, 4709 Creekstone Road, Suite 200, Durham, NC 27703, USA. - - 2013
Developing a high-efficiency operating room (OR) for total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in an academic setting is challenging given the preexisting work cultures, bureaucratic road blocks, and departmental silo mentalities. Also, academic institutions and aligned surgeons must have strategies to become more efficient and productive in the rapidly changing healthcare marketplace ...
Tambe Varsha H VH Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, S.M.B.T Dental College, Amrutnagar, Ghulewadi, Sangamner, Dist: Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, - - 2013
To compare the amount of debris extruded apically by using conventional syringe, Endovac & Ultrasonic irrigation. Thirty freshly extracted mandibular premolars were selected, working length was determined and mounted in a debris and collection apparatus. The canals were prepared. After each instrument change, 1 ml. of 3% sodium hypochlorite was ...
El Arid Jean-Marc - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To set up an experimental model of cadaveric heart in order to evaluate and compare histologic transmurality of lesions immediately caused by different energy sources of anti-arrhythmic epicardial devices. METHODS: Procedures were performed on a cadaveric human heart in orthotopic position with an ischemic time of 48 h at ...
Zhao Y - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: We report the effect of temperature and storage duration on a range of haematological analytes: activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), D-dimers, fibrinogen (Fbg), prothrombin time (PT) and thrombin time (TT). All analytes were measured using a Sysmex CA7000 System with SIEMENS reagents. METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients were ...
Logigian Eric L - - 2013
Introduction: In ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE), we determined how electrodiagnostic cutoffs [across-elbow ulnar motor conduction velocity slowing (AECV-slowing), drop in across-elbow vs. forearm CV (AECV-drop)] depend on pretest probability (PreTP). Methods: Fifty clinically defined UNE patients and 50 controls underwent ulnar conduction testing recording abductor digiti minimi (ADM) ...
Buszman Piotr P - - 2013
Background: New paclitaxel coated balloons (PCB) developments have been proposed to maintain therapeutic levels of drug in the tissue while decreasing particle release. In this series of studies, we evaluated the pharmacokinetic profile and biological effects after paclitaxel delivery via novel microcrystalline PCB coating (mcPCB, Pax®, Balton) in porcine iliofemoral ...
Sakamoto Kana - - 2013
High-dose dexamethasone (HDD) has been shown to be an effective initial treatment for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), but it is not clear whether HDD offers any advantages over conventional-dose prednisone (PSL). We retrospectively compared the efficacy and toxicity of HDD and PSL for newly diagnosed ITP. The response was evaluated according ...
Guimarães J - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (DBS-STN) is thought to continuously alter the activity of STN neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). A chronic decrease in the levodopa dose with continuous STN stimulation may induce plastic neuronal changes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to study ...
Kim Han-Joon - - 2013
Although many studies have shown no significant change in global cognitive function after subthalamic brain stimulation (STN DBS) in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and have concluded that STN DBS is generally safe from a cognitive standpoint, some studies have reported a decline in global cognitive function after STN DBS. ...
Husain Rahat - - 2013
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate longitudinal changes in anterior chamber depth (ACD) and axial length (AXL) over 5 years after trabeculectomy surgery in Asian patients with primary glaucoma, and to identify factors associated with these changes. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, phakic subjects with primary glaucoma who underwent trabeculectomy had ACD ...
Hayashi Misato - - 2013
An adult male chimpanzee living in a captive social group at the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University developed acute tetraparesis. He was paralyzed and received intensive care and veterinary treatment as previously reported in Miyabe-Nishiwaki et al. (J Med Primatol 39:336-346, 2010). The behavioral recovery of the chimpanzee was ...
Maggiulli F - - 2013
Objective Comparison of the effects of vomerine flap (VF) closure of the hard palate at the time of lip repair with non-closure of the hard palate in subjects with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). Design: Retrospective, single-blinded, cohort study. Setting: Study model sets of 40 consecutive, non-syndromic, infants with ...
Paula Alessandra Teixeira de - - 2013
The nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis causes eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in humans and thus alternative methods of control should be studied. The objective of this work was to evaluate the predatory capacity of eight fungal isolates of the species Duddingtonia flagrans (AC001, CG768 and CG722), Monacrosporium thaumasium (NF34), M. sinense (SF53) and Arthrobotrys ...
Ren Wei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The formation of endoscopic biofilm reduces the results of cleaning and disinfection and may increase nosocomial infection. This study aims to evaluate the effects of various detergents and different contact time on the removal of biofilm on flexible endoscopes based on an artificial biofilm model. METHOD: Endoscopic biofilm model ...
Takiguchi Shuji - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin is a brain-gut peptide with GH-releasing and appetite-inducing properties. Because ghrelin is secreted mainly by the stomach, fasting levels fall after distal gastrectomy. The vagal nerve is responsible for periprandial changes. The presents study investigated the impact of preserving the celiac branch of the vagus nerve during laparoscopy-assisted ...
Agusti Alvar - - 2013
Since the publication of the new GOLD proposal for the assessment of COPD, four studies have used existing cohorts to explore the characteristics, temporal variability and/or relationship with outcomes of the four resulting patient categories (A, B, C, D).Here, we compare their results and address a number of frequently asked ...
Alkin Zeynep - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of 2 different amounts of commonly used intravitreal agents on anterior segment morphology in conjunction with intraocular pressure (IOP) changes.
Methods: Two groups of 46 patients who received intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (group 1, 
0.05 mL) or bevacizumab-triamcinolone acetate (TA) combination (group 2, 0.1 mL) were ...
Brunetto Mauricio - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to analyze and compare the immediate effects of rapid and slow maxillary expansion protocols, accomplished by Haas-type palatal expanders activated in different frequencies of activation on the positioning of the maxillary first permanent molars and on the buccal alveolar bones of these teeth with ...
Holznagel Edgar - - 2013
Risk for human exposure to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)-inducing agent was estimated in a nonhuman primate model. To determine attack rates, incubation times, and molecular signatures, we orally exposed 18 macaques to 1 high dose of brain material from cattle with BSE. Several macaques were euthanized at regular intervals starting ...
Yoon Jeong-Hee - - 2013
To compare the in-vitro efficiency of dual-switching monopolar (DSM) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) using a separable clustered electrode (Octopus® electrodes) with consecutive monopolar (CM) and switching monopolar (SM) RFA techniques to create an ablative zone in the explanted bovine liver. For DSM-RFA, we used a prototype, three-channel, dual generator RFA Unit ...
Simeoforidou Marina - - 2013
Interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) may be followed by cardiovascular instability. Until date, there is no clear picture available about the underlying mechanisms of ISB. In this study, we aimed to determine the changes in heart rate variability (HRV) parameters after ISB and the differences between right- and left-sided ISBs. ...
Yagura Denise - - 2013
To investigate a potential relationship between degree of stretching and resulting permanent deformation of elastomeric chains (ECs) as well as whether or not stretching time has any bearing on the degree of permanent deformation. Five-module segments of closed elastomeric chains manufactured by 3M Unitek were stretched to 10-100% of their ...
Xi Yongming Y Department of Spinal Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, - - 2013
Animal experimental study. To establish an early and reproducible intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration model to provide a basis for studying IVD degeneration. The pathophysiology and pathogenesis of IVD degeneration, a common condition that causes low back pain, are not clearly understood. An experimental animal model of human IVD degeneration is ...
Holnapy Gergely - - 2013
INTRODUCTION, OBJECTIVE: Gait analysis has provided important information about the variability of gait for patients prior to and after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The objective of this research was to clarify how the method of exposure in total hip arthroplasty affects the variability of gait. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Gait analysis ...
Chatellard R - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: In several recent studies, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) produced better functional outcomes than did total knee arthroplasty with 10-year prosthesis survival rates greater than 95%. Nevertheless, UKA is still widely viewed as producing inconsistent results. Tibial component loosening is the leading cause of failure. We consequently sought to identify ...
Murphy Barbara M - - 2013
PURPOSE:: While behavior change can improve risk factor profiles and prognosis after an acute cardiac event, patients need assistance to achieve sustained lifestyle changes. We developed the "Beating Heart Problems" cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing program to support patients to develop behavioral and cognitive self-management skills. We report the results ...
Bin Abd Razak Hamid Rahmatullah - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: This study compared joint line changes and functional outcomes between cruciate-retaining (CR) and posterior-stabilized (PS) computer-navigated total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). With the increased precision offered by computer navigation, we hypothesized that there should be minimal differences in the joint line changes between the groups and thus no significant differences ...
Alarcon Ana - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical, biochemical, and neuroimaging findings as predictors of neurodevelopmental outcome in patients with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV). STUDY DESIGN: The study cohort comprised 26 patients with symptomatic congenital CMV born between 1993 and 2009 in a single center. Absolute and weight deficit-adjusted head circumference were considered. Cerebrospinal ...
Hashemi Hassan - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus. DESIGN: Prospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: This study was conducted on 40 eyes of 32 patients with progressive keratoconus between 2006 and 2012. METHODS: Patients underwent CXL no later than 1 month after baseline examinations. ...
Ogomori Koji - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the difference between the morphological and perfusion changes occurring with the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: The study focused on 37 patients who were clinically diagnosed with AD and were examined by both MRI and perfusion SPECT twice during a ...
Salem Hatem M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Simple trapeziectomy has a well-documented history of success for the management of osteoarthritis at the trapeziometacarpal joint. There is concern, however, that late-onset failure can occur as a result of the development of degenerative disease at the scaphoid-metacarpal pseudarthrosis. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Zarei-Ghanavati Siamak - - 2013
The goal of this study was to compare differences in the mean angle kappa and its intercepts before and after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia. In a prospective controlled study, myopic patients were treated with aspheric wavefront-guided (personalized) PRK with a Bausch & Lomb Technolas 217z excimer laser. The manifest ...
Fabri Pereira Ribeiro Gustavo Henrique - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the rates of local postoperative complications among women undergoing modified radical mastectomy with an electric scalpel (ES) or a harmonic scalpel (HS). It is thought that HS use has less postoperative complications, mainly seroma formation. METHODS: This study was a prospective ...
Fujino Yasuhisa - - 2013
AIM: The annual incidence of colonic diverticular bleeding is increasing, but treatments are not yet well established. Here we aimed to identify the risk factors for early re-bleeding and to determine the associated duration of hospitalisation. METHOD: Records of 90 emergent patients with colonic diverticular bleeding between 1999 and May ...
Di Stasi Stephanie L - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The current standard of practice for an athlete to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is varied. Attempt to return to activity is typically advised 6 months after surgery, but functional performance deficits and gait abnormalities are often still evident and may have important implications on future ...
Van Beeck A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) is often removed during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). No evidence based guidelines on changes in clinical outcome have yet been described. The aim of this review is to investigate whether regular removal of the IPFP during TKA should be performed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven ...
Bertrand Valérie - - 2013
Purpose:  To compare the rates of change in the visual field (VF) in patients with glaucoma before and after trabeculectomy. Methods:  Of 52 eyes of 52 patients with different types of chronic glaucoma who underwent first trabeculectomy were evaluated retrospectively. Pre- and postoperative-automated visual fields measured by the same technique ...
Villalón Pablo - - 2013
There are limited studies about the effects of occlusal appliance (OA) after three months of use. This study aimed to compare myofascial pain (MP) according to RDC/TMD, craniocervical relationships (CR) and masseter and temporalis bilateral electromyographic (EMG) activity, before and after three months of occlusal appliance use. Nineteen patients participated ...
Ulviye Yigit - - 2013
Objective: To determine whether early toxic effects from hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) could be detected by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) before symtomatic visual loss occured. Materials and Methods: Fifteen subjects with a history of the chronic use of hydroxychloroquine monotherapy for less than five years without fundus changes (group 1) and ...
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