Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1416
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Shiono Akira - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate whether indocyanine green (ICG)-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling affects visual outcome and macular morphologic changes in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images after macular hole (MH) surgery. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 34 eyes in 34 patients who had undergone surgical treatment for MH. Best-corrected visual ...
Fontes Monique T - - 2013
To determine the effect of arterial normobaric hyperoxia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on postoperative neurocognitive function. The authors hypothesized that arterial hyperoxia during CPB is associated with neurocognitive decline at 6 weeks after cardiac surgery. Retrospective study of patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. A university hospital. One thousand eighteen ...
Chen Shuo - - 2013
Bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSO) may change condylar position, which can be one of the factors contributing to skeletal relapse. This study evaluated short- and long-term changes in condylar position using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and investigated changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) signs after BSSO for mandibular advancement in ...
Ramappa Manjunath - - 2013
Currently, there is no consensus as to whether total knee replacement(TKR) following high tibial osteotomy(HTO) provides similar postoperative outcomes as compared to TKR without previous HTO. Previous studies have provided limited evidence to small sample sizes and methodological inappropriateness. A systematic search process was conducted utilising PRISMA guidelines. Electronic, peer ...
Ahn Seong Joon - - 2013
To investigate the morphologic characteristics of macular commotio retinae using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) and develop a grading system for traumatic photoreceptor damage. Retrospective, observational case series. setting: Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. patients: Forty-nine patients with macular commotio retinae, examined by SDOCT within 7 days of the initial traumatic ...
Chuah Cher Shiong - - 2013
Acidosis during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been related to the strong ion difference (SID) and the composition of intravascular fluids that are administered. Less intravascular fluids tend to be administered during off- than on-pump CABG and should influence the degree of acidosis that develops. This study aimed to explore the ...
Chotanaphuti Thanainit - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess whether custom cutting blocks improve accuracy of component alignment compared to conventional TKA instrumentation. Eighty primary TKA patients were enrolled in an open-label randomized prospective clinical trial and were divided into two groups, 40 custom cutting blocks and 40 conventional TKA instrumentations. ...
Schizas Constantin - - 2013
Kyphotic deformities with sagittal imbalance of the spine can be treated with spinal osteotomies. Those procedures are known to have a high incidence of neurological complications, in particular at the thoracic level. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) have been widely used in helping to avoid major neurological deficits postoperatively. Previous reports ...
Katoh Narutaka - - 2013
Neutrophil CD64 has been reported to be a sensitive and specific infection marker. Its measurement is thus considered to be useful in early diagnosis of post-operative periprosthetic infection. However, even its normal sequential changes after non-infectious total joint arthroplasty have remained ambiguous. Accordingly, we analyzed 2-week sequential neutrophil CD64 expression ...
Palé Maria - - 2013
The aims of the study were to evaluate by spectrophotometer the in vivo colour changes resulting from the application of an in-office tooth bleaching system containing 28 % H2O2 by light-emitting diode (LED) activation and to determine whether the application of 5 % potassium nitrate 30 min before bleaching decreased tooth sensitivity. Thirty-two ...
Sakellariou Vasileios I VI Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th street, New York, NY 10021 - - 2013
Long-term results after total knee replacement (TKR) with conventional and compression-molded polyethylene (PE) have been excellent. The introduction of highly cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE), which has demonstrated superior wear properties in total hip replacement (THR), has led to its recent use in TKR. However, the knee has a unique biomechanical environment ...
Otten David D Department of Emergency Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, CO; University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, - - 2014
Bag-valve-mask ventilation remains an essential component of airway management. Rescuers continue to use both traditional 1- or 2-handed mask-face sealing techniques, as well as a newer modified 2-handed technique. We compare the efficacy of 1-handed, 2-handed, and modified 2-handed bag-valve-mask technique. In this prospective, crossover study, health care providers performed ...
Manabe Shino - - 2013
The sulfonylcarbamate group is a unique hydroxyl protecting group. In contrast to typical acyl protecting groups, the sulfonylcarbamate group is stable under harsh basic conditions, while showing labile behavior under mild basic conditions. Its compatibility with other hydroxyl protecting groups and application to carbohydrate chemistry is demonstrated.
Lee Myeung-Sik - - 2013
Ineffective estrus detection is the foremost limiting factor in the fertility of farmed cattle worldwide. Failure to detect estrus or erroneous diagnosis of estrus results in great economic losses in Korea each year. This study was carried out in order to comprehensively describe the estrus behaviors and conception rates of ...
Shu Chin-Chung - - 2013
Interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) is popular for detecting latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), but its dynamic change is uncertain in high-risk groups such as dialysis patients. Patients undergoing dialysis were prospectively enrolled. The QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) was used to detect LTBI. After 6 and 12 months, QFT-GIT was repeated to ...
Prell Julian - - 2013
Object The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after craniotomy is reported to be as high as 50%. In outpatients, D-dimer levels of more than 0.5 mg/L indicate venous thromboembolism (VTE, which subsumes DVT and pulmonary embolism [PE]) with a sensitivity of 99.4% and a specificity of 38.2%. However, D-dimer ...
Bay-Jensen Anne C - - 2013
We investigated the effects of tocilizumab (TCZ) on joint tissue remodeling in patients with moderate to severely active RA by measuring tissue-specific biomarker. The LITHE biomarker study (n = 740) was a phase III study of 4- and 8-mg/kg TCZ in combination with MTX. Early response was evaluated at week ...
Fleming Padhraig S - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare maxillary arch dimensional and inclination changes during alignment with conventional brackets and self-ligation. Ninety-six patients, ages 16 years and above, were included in this multicenter, 3-group parallel randomized trial. The main outcome measures were changes in maxillary intercanine, interpremolar, and intermolar dimensions, ...
Choi Samjin - - 2013
This study quantitatively examined short-term effects of 0.02% Mitomycin C (MMC) treatment on the nanostructural changes in human scleral collagen fibrils. Histologic analysis and non-contact mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) were employed to assess the ultrastructural changes in the morphological characteristics of human sclera before and after 0.02% MMC application ...
Hoch Matthew C - - 2013
Many studies have examined the temporal response of the peroneal muscles to sudden inversion perturbation in patients with a previous ankle sprain. The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to synthesize the evidence and determine if PRT impairments are present following ankle sprain. An electronic search was conducted ...
Li Sheng - - 2013
The current study sought to investigate the safety of intraoperative and early postoperative continuous hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion (IEPCHIP) at different temperatures in a swine model of experimental distal gastrectomy with Billroth II reconstruction. Thirty pigs were randomly divided into 5 groups. Two groups were used as the control groups (groups ...
Tsukahara Y - - 2013
Growing meat goats of 4 types (Boer (B) and Spanish (S) of both wethers and doelings) were used to evaluate conditions for a method of testing efficacy of electric fence strand additions to barbed wire fence used for cattle to also contain goats. Animals were allocated to 8 sets, with ...
Johnson A Wayne - - 2013
To determine if stretching for a constant total time with differing repetition durations and number of repetitions over a 6-week period produced different changes in hamstring flexibility measured by knee extension range of motion (ROM). Randomized Control Trial. University laboratory. 34 volunteers, 18-25 years old with tight hamstrings as determined ...
Horita Nobuyuki - - 2013
Abstract Minimum clinically important change of 5 points in the University of California, San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire (SOBQ) is established, but cutoff values between a small, a moderate, and a large change are still unknown. We used the data set of National Emphysema Treatment Trial consisting of severe ...
Ryu Keinosuke - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to reveal the prevalence of the subtypes of the meniscus using human cadaver knees. Four hundred and thirty-seven cadaveric knees in 219 subjects (formalin fixed, Japanese population) with a median age of 83 years (54-97) were included in this study. All soft tissues surrounding the ...
Kulemann Birte - - 2013
It has been shown that crystalloid fluid-overload promotes anastomotic instability. As physiologic anastomotic healing requires the sequential infiltration of different cells, we hypothesized this to be altered by liberal fluid regimes and performed a histomorphological analysis. 36 Wistar rats were randomized into 4 groups (n=8-10 rats/group) and treated with either ...
Kuramoto Masafumi - - 2013
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is the most common and an intractable complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Many efforts have been made to lessen POPF, but nevertheless its incidence still remains high. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of reinforcing the pancreatic remnant, but the non-reinforcement of the ...
Küçükdurmaz Fatih - - 2013
To increase the stability of sternotomy and so decrease the complications because of instability. Tests were performed on 20 fresh sheep sterna which were isolated from the sterno-costal joints of the ribs. Median straight and interlocking sternotomies were performed on 10 sterna each, set as groups 1 and 2, respectively. ...
Hansen Melissa V - - 2013
Changes in the autonomic nervous system with increased sympathetic tone may be a cause of postoperative short-, and long-term cardiovascular complications. Heart rate variability (HRV) is assessed by Holter monitoring as a measure of autonomic tone and has not been investigated in patients with breast cancer undergoing surgery. We aimed ...
Teke Mehmet Y - - 2013
Our aim was to detect the early effects of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with intravitreal silicone oil (SO) on corneal biomechanics. 19 eyes underwent PPV with SO tamponade (group 1) and 16 eyes underwent. PPV without tamponade (group 2). Corneal biomechanical parameters were measured preoperatively and at the first ...
Leo Francesco - - 2013
External pleural suction is used after lung resection to promote lung expansion and minimize air leak duration. Published randomized trials failed to prove this advantage but they are limited in number and underpowered in many cases. The aim of the AirINTrial study was to test the hypothesis that external pleural ...
Kajihara Kenta - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the anatomical characteristics complicating cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation and the effectiveness of various procedural strategies. This study included 446 consecutive patients (362 males; mean age 60.5 ± 10.4 years) in whom CTI ablation was performed. A total of 80 consecutive patients were evaluated in a ...
Hiyoshi Masahide - - 2013
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a worrisome and life-threatening complication. Recently, early drain removal has been recommended as a means of preventing POPF. The present study sought to determine how to distinguish clinical POPF from non-clinical POPF in the early postoperative period after PD to aid in early ...
Querques Giuseppe - - 2013
To investigate the impact of reticular pseudodrusen on macular function using microperimetry. Eighteen consecutive patients (18 eyes) with reticular pseudodrusen (Group 1), and without medium/large drusen, underwent microperimetry. Eighteen age-matched and sex-matched subjects (18 eyes) with typical drusen and without pseudodrusen (Group 2) also underwent microperimetry. Macular sensitivity was assessed ...
Contarino M Fiorella - - 2013
Displacement of deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes may occur after surgery, especially due to large subdural air collections, but other factors might contribute. To investigate factors potentially contributing to postoperative electrode displacement, in particular different lead anchoring techniques. We retrospectively analyzed 55 patients (106 electrodes) with Parkinson's disease, dystonia, tremor, ...
Fu Yang-Chieh - - 2013
For unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), abnormal loading on the tibiofemoral joint could exacerbate knee osteoarthritis or implant wear. Joint moments are an indirect measure of such loading. However, little is known about knee moments of patients with UKA, tempering enthusiasm for its use. In patients with UKAs performing stair ascent, ...
de Witte P B - - 2013
Rotator cuff (RC) tears have a high prevalence, and RC repair surgery is frequently performed. Evaluation of deltoid activation has been reported as an easy to measure proxy for RC functionality. Our goal was to test the success of RC repair in restoring muscle function, by assessing deltoid activation with ...
Julián María Teresa - - 2013
There is no consensus about the usefulness of postoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) determination to predict permanent hypoparathyroidism (pHPP). We evaluated the value of calcium (Ca(2+)) and iPTH concentration at 24 hours after total thyroidectomy (TT) for predicting pHPP. Ca(2+) and iPTH levels from 70 consecutive patients who underwent TT ...
Berookhim Boback M - - 2013
To define predictors of the deformity stabilization and improvement in men with untreated Peyronie's disease (PD) SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of patients with PD-associated uniplanar curvature, who opted for no treatment and were followed for at least 12 months. All patients had deformity assessment (DA) performed on ...
Wichterle Dan - - 2013
Evaluation of: Chang HY, Lo LW, Lin YJ et al. Long-term outcome of catheter ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation originating from nonpulmonary vein ectopy. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24, 250-258 (2013). Targeting of nonpulmonary vein (NPV) arrhythmogenic sites that are responsible for triggering and perpetuating atrial fibrillation (AF) is an ...
Kim Hoon Il - - 2013
Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) is the main mechanism of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of transient lower esophageal sphincter movement in patients with or without gastroesophageal reflux by high-resolution manometry (HRM). From June 2010 to July 2010, we enrolled ...
Amsuss Sebastian - - 2013
Long-term functioning of a hand prosthesis is crucial for its acceptance by patients with upper limb deficit. In this study the reliability over days of the performance of pattern classification approaches based on surface electromyography (sEMG) signal for the control of upper limb prostheses was investigated. Recordings of sEMG from ...
Tabibian James H JH Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD. U.S.A. - - 2013
Sirolimus has inhibitory effects on epithelial healing and cholangiocyte regeneration. In liver transplantation (LT) patients, these effects may be greatest at the biliary anastomosis. We therefore investigated whether sirolimus use is associated with need for early or emergent repeat therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) in LT patients with anastomotic biliary ...
Yang Hoon Joo - - 2013
During the correction of an asymmetric mandible with sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), bony interference between the proximal and distal segments inevitably occurs. This results in positional change of the condyle. In order to avoid this, a posterior bending osteotomy (PBO) has been introduced. This is an additional vertical osteotomy ...
Sun Fei - - 2013
Reductive degradation of choramphenicol (CAP) using Bioelectrochemical system (BES) with both abiotic cathode and biocathode was investigated. It was found that the CAP reduction efficiency during the first 24h reached 86.3% of the biocathode group, while which was only 62.9% in the case of abiotic cathode. Except for the cathode ...
Brunocilla Eugenio - - 2013
To evaluate the influence of preservation of the muscular internal sphincter and proximal urethra on continence recovery after radical prostatectomy. This was a prospective single-center, case-control study. A total of 40 consecutive patients with organ-confined prostate cancer were submitted to radical prostatectomy with the preservation of the muscular internal sphincter ...
Kosaka Hisashi - - 2013
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (PF) remains a major complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). We aimed to investigate the predictors of clinically relevant PF after PD. We retrospectively analyzed the predictive factors of relevant grade B/C PF using logistic regression analysis of 100 consecutive patients who underwent PD. PF was defined in accordance ...
Liu Wenguang - - 2013
To investigate the effects of Batroxobin (BX) on the intimal hyperplasia of graft veins. Twenty dogs were evenly divided into 2 groups. The femoral veins were grafted into the femoral artery by microsurgery, and the experimental group was treated with BX (0.1 BU/kg/48 hours). The serum level of endothelin-1 (ET-1) ...
Li Weifeng - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of patellar dislocation on the development of a trochlear groove by rabbit experiments. Forty 1-month-old white rabbits, and eighty knees, were divided into three groups (sham surgery, experimental, control). The experiment was to make a lateral patellar dislocation and investigate ...
Papageorgiou S N - - 2013
Background The prosthetic margin location relevant to the free gingival margin may influence the incidence of secondary caries due to the differences that exist between the micro-environment within the gingival crevice compared to the rest of the oral environment.Objective The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effect ...
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