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Results 251 - 300 of 1391
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Ryu Keinosuke - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to reveal the prevalence of the subtypes of the meniscus using human cadaver knees. Four hundred and thirty-seven cadaveric knees in 219 subjects (formalin fixed, Japanese population) with a median age of 83 years (54-97) were included in this study. All soft tissues surrounding the ...
Kulemann Birte - - 2013
It has been shown that crystalloid fluid-overload promotes anastomotic instability. As physiologic anastomotic healing requires the sequential infiltration of different cells, we hypothesized this to be altered by liberal fluid regimes and performed a histomorphological analysis. 36 Wistar rats were randomized into 4 groups (n=8-10 rats/group) and treated with either ...
Kuramoto Masafumi - - 2013
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is the most common and an intractable complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Many efforts have been made to lessen POPF, but nevertheless its incidence still remains high. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of reinforcing the pancreatic remnant, but the non-reinforcement of the ...
Küçükdurmaz Fatih - - 2013
To increase the stability of sternotomy and so decrease the complications because of instability. Tests were performed on 20 fresh sheep sterna which were isolated from the sterno-costal joints of the ribs. Median straight and interlocking sternotomies were performed on 10 sterna each, set as groups 1 and 2, respectively. ...
Hansen Melissa V - - 2013
Changes in the autonomic nervous system with increased sympathetic tone may be a cause of postoperative short-, and long-term cardiovascular complications. Heart rate variability (HRV) is assessed by Holter monitoring as a measure of autonomic tone and has not been investigated in patients with breast cancer undergoing surgery. We aimed ...
Teke Mehmet Y - - 2013
Our aim was to detect the early effects of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with intravitreal silicone oil (SO) on corneal biomechanics. 19 eyes underwent PPV with SO tamponade (group 1) and 16 eyes underwent. PPV without tamponade (group 2). Corneal biomechanical parameters were measured preoperatively and at the first ...
Leo Francesco - - 2013
External pleural suction is used after lung resection to promote lung expansion and minimize air leak duration. Published randomized trials failed to prove this advantage but they are limited in number and underpowered in many cases. The aim of the AirINTrial study was to test the hypothesis that external pleural ...
Kajihara Kenta - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the anatomical characteristics complicating cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation and the effectiveness of various procedural strategies. This study included 446 consecutive patients (362 males; mean age 60.5 ± 10.4 years) in whom CTI ablation was performed. A total of 80 consecutive patients were evaluated in a ...
Hiyoshi Masahide - - 2013
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a worrisome and life-threatening complication. Recently, early drain removal has been recommended as a means of preventing POPF. The present study sought to determine how to distinguish clinical POPF from non-clinical POPF in the early postoperative period after PD to aid in early ...
Querques Giuseppe - - 2013
To investigate the impact of reticular pseudodrusen on macular function using microperimetry. Eighteen consecutive patients (18 eyes) with reticular pseudodrusen (Group 1), and without medium/large drusen, underwent microperimetry. Eighteen age-matched and sex-matched subjects (18 eyes) with typical drusen and without pseudodrusen (Group 2) also underwent microperimetry. Macular sensitivity was assessed ...
Contarino M Fiorella - - 2013
Displacement of deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes may occur after surgery, especially due to large subdural air collections, but other factors might contribute. To investigate factors potentially contributing to postoperative electrode displacement, in particular different lead anchoring techniques. We retrospectively analyzed 55 patients (106 electrodes) with Parkinson's disease, dystonia, tremor, ...
Fu Yang-Chieh - - 2013
For unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), abnormal loading on the tibiofemoral joint could exacerbate knee osteoarthritis or implant wear. Joint moments are an indirect measure of such loading. However, little is known about knee moments of patients with UKA, tempering enthusiasm for its use. In patients with UKAs performing stair ascent, ...
de Witte P B - - 2013
Rotator cuff (RC) tears have a high prevalence, and RC repair surgery is frequently performed. Evaluation of deltoid activation has been reported as an easy to measure proxy for RC functionality. Our goal was to test the success of RC repair in restoring muscle function, by assessing deltoid activation with ...
Julián María Teresa - - 2013
There is no consensus about the usefulness of postoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) determination to predict permanent hypoparathyroidism (pHPP). We evaluated the value of calcium (Ca(2+)) and iPTH concentration at 24 hours after total thyroidectomy (TT) for predicting pHPP. Ca(2+) and iPTH levels from 70 consecutive patients who underwent TT ...
Berookhim Boback M - - 2013
To define predictors of the deformity stabilization and improvement in men with untreated Peyronie's disease (PD) SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of patients with PD-associated uniplanar curvature, who opted for no treatment and were followed for at least 12 months. All patients had deformity assessment (DA) performed on ...
Wichterle Dan - - 2013
Evaluation of: Chang HY, Lo LW, Lin YJ et al. Long-term outcome of catheter ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation originating from nonpulmonary vein ectopy. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24, 250-258 (2013). Targeting of nonpulmonary vein (NPV) arrhythmogenic sites that are responsible for triggering and perpetuating atrial fibrillation (AF) is an ...
Kim Hoon Il - - 2013
Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) is the main mechanism of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of transient lower esophageal sphincter movement in patients with or without gastroesophageal reflux by high-resolution manometry (HRM). From June 2010 to July 2010, we enrolled ...
Amsuss Sebastian - - 2013
Long-term functioning of a hand prosthesis is crucial for its acceptance by patients with upper limb deficit. In this study the reliability over days of the performance of pattern classification approaches based on surface electromyography (sEMG) signal for the control of upper limb prostheses was investigated. Recordings of sEMG from ...
Tabibian James H JH Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD. U.S.A. - - 2013
Sirolimus has inhibitory effects on epithelial healing and cholangiocyte regeneration. In liver transplantation (LT) patients, these effects may be greatest at the biliary anastomosis. We therefore investigated whether sirolimus use is associated with need for early or emergent repeat therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) in LT patients with anastomotic biliary ...
Yang Hoon Joo - - 2013
During the correction of an asymmetric mandible with sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), bony interference between the proximal and distal segments inevitably occurs. This results in positional change of the condyle. In order to avoid this, a posterior bending osteotomy (PBO) has been introduced. This is an additional vertical osteotomy ...
Sun Fei - - 2013
Reductive degradation of choramphenicol (CAP) using Bioelectrochemical system (BES) with both abiotic cathode and biocathode was investigated. It was found that the CAP reduction efficiency during the first 24h reached 86.3% of the biocathode group, while which was only 62.9% in the case of abiotic cathode. Except for the cathode ...
Brunocilla Eugenio - - 2013
To evaluate the influence of preservation of the muscular internal sphincter and proximal urethra on continence recovery after radical prostatectomy. This was a prospective single-center, case-control study. A total of 40 consecutive patients with organ-confined prostate cancer were submitted to radical prostatectomy with the preservation of the muscular internal sphincter ...
Kosaka Hisashi - - 2013
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (PF) remains a major complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). We aimed to investigate the predictors of clinically relevant PF after PD. We retrospectively analyzed the predictive factors of relevant grade B/C PF using logistic regression analysis of 100 consecutive patients who underwent PD. PF was defined in accordance ...
Liu Wenguang - - 2013
To investigate the effects of Batroxobin (BX) on the intimal hyperplasia of graft veins. Twenty dogs were evenly divided into 2 groups. The femoral veins were grafted into the femoral artery by microsurgery, and the experimental group was treated with BX (0.1 BU/kg/48 hours). The serum level of endothelin-1 (ET-1) ...
Li Weifeng - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of patellar dislocation on the development of a trochlear groove by rabbit experiments. Forty 1-month-old white rabbits, and eighty knees, were divided into three groups (sham surgery, experimental, control). The experiment was to make a lateral patellar dislocation and investigate ...
Papageorgiou S N - - 2013
Background The prosthetic margin location relevant to the free gingival margin may influence the incidence of secondary caries due to the differences that exist between the micro-environment within the gingival crevice compared to the rest of the oral environment.Objective The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effect ...
Weeke Peter - - 2013
A prolonged QT interval is associated with increased risk of Torsades de pointes (TdP) and may be fatal. We sought to investigate the extent to which clinical covariates affect the change in QT interval among 'real-world' patients treated with sotalol and followed in an electronic medical record (EMR) system.METHODS AND ...
Brodsky James W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: One of the rationales for total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is that it may retard the changes of hypermobility and accelerated arthritis in the hindfoot after ankle arthrodesis. Until recently, it has not been possible to quantify or even objectively demonstrate biomechanical findings to substantiate the theory that postsurgical biomechanical ...
Kean Crystal O - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine mechanisms underpinning the reduction in knee adduction moment (KAM) and changes in frontal plane knee-ground reaction force (GRF) lever arm with a modified shoe that incorporates both a variable-stiffness sole and lateral wedging. Thirty individuals with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) and 30 ...
Li Guan-Wu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the temporal changes in marrow lipids content and adipocytes in the development of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) in rabbits using MR spectroscopy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty 20-week-old female rabbits were randomized to a control group and a GIOP group equally. Marrow lipids fraction and bone mineral density at ...
Shiloh Shoshana - - 2013
AIMS: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may be perceived as a frightening experience. Some psychological factors are known correlates of recovery and rehabilitation of cardiac patients. Our objective was to investigate the emotional, cognitive and behavioral effects of patient guidance during their cardiac catheterization. METHODS: We performed a randomized trial comparing ...
Yam Jason C S - - 2013
<p>Purpose:�To determine the prognostic factors associated with better visual outcomes 1 year after corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for keratoconus and post-laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) ectasia.</p><p>Methods:�The study cohort comprised 75 eyes from 50 patients with keratoconus or post-LASIK ectasia who underwent CXL. The outcomes measured were visual response, change of ...
Shen Pei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mandibular symmetry effect of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) replacement by surgicase5.0 software. METHODS: Six developing sheep were included in our study. Spiral computed tomography (CT) data of all sheep was obtained and transformed into 3-dimensional model by surgicase5.0 software preoperatively. 3-dimensional resin skull models were obtained and ...
Behan Ashley L - - 2013
Objective-To use noninvasive respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) to investigate differences in breathing patterns between horses with and without recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) during the onset of airway obstruction induced through confinement to stables. Animals-12 horses with no history or clinical signs of respiratory disease (control horses) and 7 RAO-affected horses. ...
Min Hye Sook - - 2013
A recent analysis of the genetic features of medulloblastoma (MB) suggested classification into distinct subgroups according to gene expression profiles, including the Wingless signaling pathway-activated group (WNT group), the Sonic Hedgehog signaling pathway-activated group (SHH group), group 3, and group 4. To classify MB according to genetic features in practice, ...
Tambe Varsha H - - 2013
Background: To compare the amount of debris extruded apically by using conventional syringe, Endovac & Ultrasonic irrigation. Materials & Methods: Thirty freshly extracted mandibular premolars were selected, working length was determined and mounted in a debris and collection apparatus. The canals were prepared. After each instrument change, 1 ml. of ...
Attarian David E DE Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Hospital and Health System, Duke Medicine Plaza-Page Road, 4709 Creekstone Road, Suite 200, Durham, NC 27703, USA. - - 2013
Developing a high-efficiency operating room (OR) for total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in an academic setting is challenging given the preexisting work cultures, bureaucratic road blocks, and departmental silo mentalities. Also, academic institutions and aligned surgeons must have strategies to become more efficient and productive in the rapidly changing healthcare marketplace ...
El Arid Jean-Marc - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To set up an experimental model of cadaveric heart in order to evaluate and compare histologic transmurality of lesions immediately caused by different energy sources of anti-arrhythmic epicardial devices. METHODS: Procedures were performed on a cadaveric human heart in orthotopic position with an ischemic time of 48 h at ...
Zhao Y - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: We report the effect of temperature and storage duration on a range of haematological analytes: activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), D-dimers, fibrinogen (Fbg), prothrombin time (PT) and thrombin time (TT). All analytes were measured using a Sysmex CA7000 System with SIEMENS reagents. METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients were ...
Logigian Eric L - - 2013
Introduction: In ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE), we determined how electrodiagnostic cutoffs [across-elbow ulnar motor conduction velocity slowing (AECV-slowing), drop in across-elbow vs. forearm CV (AECV-drop)] depend on pretest probability (PreTP). Methods: Fifty clinically defined UNE patients and 50 controls underwent ulnar conduction testing recording abductor digiti minimi (ADM) ...
Buszman Piotr P - - 2013
Background: New paclitaxel coated balloons (PCB) developments have been proposed to maintain therapeutic levels of drug in the tissue while decreasing particle release. In this series of studies, we evaluated the pharmacokinetic profile and biological effects after paclitaxel delivery via novel microcrystalline PCB coating (mcPCB, Pax®, Balton) in porcine iliofemoral ...
Sakamoto Kana - - 2013
High-dose dexamethasone (HDD) has been shown to be an effective initial treatment for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), but it is not clear whether HDD offers any advantages over conventional-dose prednisone (PSL). We retrospectively compared the efficacy and toxicity of HDD and PSL for newly diagnosed ITP. The response was evaluated according ...
Guimarães J - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (DBS-STN) is thought to continuously alter the activity of STN neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). A chronic decrease in the levodopa dose with continuous STN stimulation may induce plastic neuronal changes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to study ...
Kim Han-Joon - - 2013
Although many studies have shown no significant change in global cognitive function after subthalamic brain stimulation (STN DBS) in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and have concluded that STN DBS is generally safe from a cognitive standpoint, some studies have reported a decline in global cognitive function after STN DBS. ...
Husain Rahat - - 2013
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate longitudinal changes in anterior chamber depth (ACD) and axial length (AXL) over 5 years after trabeculectomy surgery in Asian patients with primary glaucoma, and to identify factors associated with these changes. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, phakic subjects with primary glaucoma who underwent trabeculectomy had ACD ...
Hayashi Misato - - 2013
An adult male chimpanzee living in a captive social group at the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University developed acute tetraparesis. He was paralyzed and received intensive care and veterinary treatment as previously reported in Miyabe-Nishiwaki et al. (J Med Primatol 39:336-346, 2010). The behavioral recovery of the chimpanzee was ...
Maggiulli F - - 2013
Objective Comparison of the effects of vomerine flap (VF) closure of the hard palate at the time of lip repair with non-closure of the hard palate in subjects with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). Design: Retrospective, single-blinded, cohort study. Setting: Study model sets of 40 consecutive, non-syndromic, infants with ...
Paula Alessandra Teixeira de - - 2013
The nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis causes eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in humans and thus alternative methods of control should be studied. The objective of this work was to evaluate the predatory capacity of eight fungal isolates of the species Duddingtonia flagrans (AC001, CG768 and CG722), Monacrosporium thaumasium (NF34), M. sinense (SF53) and Arthrobotrys ...
Ren Wei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The formation of endoscopic biofilm reduces the results of cleaning and disinfection and may increase nosocomial infection. This study aims to evaluate the effects of various detergents and different contact time on the removal of biofilm on flexible endoscopes based on an artificial biofilm model. METHOD: Endoscopic biofilm model ...
Takiguchi Shuji - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin is a brain-gut peptide with GH-releasing and appetite-inducing properties. Because ghrelin is secreted mainly by the stomach, fasting levels fall after distal gastrectomy. The vagal nerve is responsible for periprandial changes. The presents study investigated the impact of preserving the celiac branch of the vagus nerve during laparoscopy-assisted ...
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