Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1424
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Rotenberg Shaun A - - 2013
Background: The subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) is a popular means to treat gingival recession and augment keratinized tissue. Studies exist that examine long term outcomes of this procedure; however, changes in tissue dimensions during early healing (0-21 days postoperatively) are unknown. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Jang Won - - 2013
Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography is a non-invasive method to assess liver fibrosis. Decline in LSM value has been reported after antiviral treatment (AVT) using nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUCs) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, however, factors associated with changes in LSM during AVT remains unclear. A total of ...
Feilmeier Mindi - - 2013
We present a radiographic review of 94 patients who underwent first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis. The main focus of our review was to assess the change in the intermetatarsal angle (IMA). The change in the IMA was measured for the entire group and for 2 subgroups (IMA 11° to 15° and ...
Indelli Pier Francesco - - 2013
Anterior knee pain following TKA performed utilizing the PFC Sigma system still represents a cause of failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether or not a recent change in the femoral design (PFC Sigma PS) had a positive impact on the patello-femoral complication rate. A consecutive series ...
Deruyver Y - - 2013
Retrieval of spermatozoa is unfortunately still only successful in a subset of patients suffering from non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) by conventional testicular sperm extraction (TESE). Microdissection TESE may have some theoretical benefits over conventional TESE, but uncertainty exists about its superiority. The objective of this systematic review was therefore to compare ...
Min Jeong Jin JJ Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Palonosetron is a recently introduced 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist useful for postoperative nausea and vomiting prophylaxis. However, 5-HT3 receptor antagonists increase the corrected QT (QTc) interval in patients who undergo general anesthesia. This retrospective study was performed to evaluate whether palonosetron would induce a QTc prolongation in patients undergoing general ...
Pithon Matheus Melo MM State University of Sudoeste da Bahia, UESB, Brazil. - - 2013
Sterilisation using peracetic acid (PAA) has been advocated for orthodontic elastic bands. However, cane-loaded elastomeric ligatures can also become contaminated during processing, packaging, and manipulation before placement in the oral cavity and are therefore susceptible, and possible causes, of cross-contamination. To test the hypothesis that 0.25% peracetic acid (PAA), following ...
Bae Sea Hyun SH Department of Physical Therapy, Cheongam College, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of kinesio tape applied to chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients on anticipatory postural control and cerebral cortex potential. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty patients whose low back pain had continued for more than 12 weeks were selected and assigned to a control ...
Cha Soo-Min SM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Research Institute for Medical Sciences, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2013
Several studies recently reported the usefulness of plating methods following limb lengthening with external fixators. This study describes modification at the time of plate insertion, selection of a locking plate, and the direction of plating. From April 2006 to July 2009, 12 consecutive patients, mean age 17.8 years, were enrolled ...
Hermanns Thomas - - 2013
To assess and compare postoperative prostate volume changes following 532-nm laser vaporization (LV) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). To investigate whether differences in volume reduction are associated with differences in clinical outcome. In this prospective, non-randomized study, 184 consecutive patients undergoing 120 W LV (n = 98) or TURP (n = 86) were ...
Mori Daisuke - - 2013
This study aimed to compare the arthroscopic patch graft procedure and partial repair for irreparable large or massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) in shoulders with low-grade fatty degeneration of the infraspinatus (stage 1 or 2 according to Goutallier et al.) in terms of the functional and structural outcomes. This study included ...
Ropposch Thorsten - - 2013
To analyze the effects of the depth of anesthesia on inner ear function measured with distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) at 2f 1 - f 2. Thirty patients who underwent tonsillectomy under general anesthesia (GA) were included. Patients were assigned randomly to one of two groups: group 1 (n = 15) received propofol, group ...
Winters Joshua D - - 2013
To assess changes in maximal strength and rate of torque development (RTD) following TKA, and examine the relationships between these measures and physical function. Thirty-five TKA patients and 23 controls completed isometric knee extensor torque testing preoperatively, 1, and 6months after surgery. Maximal strength was calculated as the peak torque ...
Chinzei Nobuaki N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, - - 2013
Although good overall results have been reported with TKA, certain problems and limitations remain, primarily due to postoperative differences in joint kinematics, when compared with the normal knee. ADVANCE® Medial-Pivot TKA involves replicating the medial pivoting behavior observed in normal knees. Here, we aimed to investigate the clinical and radiological ...
Ryu Jung-Hee - - 2013
Sore throat, hoarseness, dysphagia, and cough are common laryngopharyngeal discomforts after thyroidectomy. The incidence and severity of laryngopharyngeal symptoms after the use of a flexible reinforced laryngeal mask airway (LMA) were compared with those that occur after the use of a plain endotracheal tube in patients after thyroidectomy. Seventy-six patients ...
Cai Guo-Long - - 2013
Blood natriuretic peptide (NP) levels have been reported to be useful for predicting postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to quantitatively synthesize the current evidence of the accuracy of using NP levels in predicting postoperative AF. Medline, Embase, and reference lists were searched. Studies were included if either brain natriuretic ...
Gionis Michalis N - - 2013
The recommended duration of post-operative Low-Molecular-Weight-Heparins (LMWHs) thromboprophylaxis in Total-Hip-Replacement (THR) and Total-Knee-Replacement (TKR) surgery is controversial. Our aim is to study the thrombin generation (TG) modifications induced by surgery and to evaluate the effect of LMWH on TG during and after the recommended duration. Thirty-one patients received 4000IU anti-Xa/day ...
Burgos L - - 2013
To assess the presence of early bladder abnormalities in a prenatally corrected and uncorrected animal model of Myelomeningocele (MMC). A MMC-like lesion was surgically created in 18 fetal lambs between the 60th and the 80th day of gestation. Eight of them did not undergo fetal repair (group A), three were ...
Emani Sirisha - - 2013
Thrombosis contributes to morbidity and mortality in neonates following cardiac surgery. Alterations in hemostatic factors following cardiac surgery have been described, but there is no data correlating these changes with risk of thrombosis in neonates. The aim of this study is to predict thrombosis in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery by ...
Chung Woo-Chul WC Woo-Chul Chung, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Suwon St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon 441-400, South - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of grasper type scissors (GTS) for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of gastric epithelial neoplasia. The study was performed by 4 endoscopists in 4 institutions affiliated to The Catholic University of Korea. ESD was performed in 76 consecutive patients with gastric epithelial neoplasia by using ...
Bortone Agustín - - 2013
-In patients treated for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), the pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection rate is substantial and may be related to the lack of transmurality achievement while performing PV isolation (PVI). It has been experimentally demonstrated that positive unipolar atrial electrogram completion, when applying radiofrequency (RF) energy, was associated with ...
Zaugg Lucia K - - 2013
To compare the antimicrobial activity of polyhexamethylene biguanide (Prontosan wound gel, Pr) and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) after short- and medium-term application with the disinfection ability of calcium hydroxide (Ca) in a model using immature bovine teeth. Sixty immature bovine roots were infected with Enterococcus faecalis and randomly assigned to six ...
Basheeth Naveed - - 2013
Background: Hypocalcaemia is common in the initial period after total laryngectomy. The purpose of the present study was to study the incidence of and risk factors for post-laryngectomy hypocalcaemia at our institution. Study Design: Retrospective review of 65 consecutive total laryngectomies. Methods: Clinical data and calcium levels for the first ...
Khan Abdul Wadood - - 2013
To formulate and optimize a herbal gel of Aloe vera extract containing Carbopol 934 as gelling agent and to investigate the effects of topical application of Carbopol 934 gel containing Aloe vera extract on the healing of skin wounds surgically induced in Wistar rats. Different concentrations of viscosity enhancer Carbopol ...
Zhao Yan-Bin - - 2013
Cervical disc arthroplasty is an alternative surgery to standard cervical decompression and fusion for disc degeneration. Different types of cervical disc prosthesis are used in China. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiographic outcomes of cervical arthroplasty using the ProDisc-C prosthesis. Radiographic evaluation, including static and dynamic ...
Matos Cunha Luciana Cristina LC Faculty of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2013
Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) is a low-cost and safe examination for testing the vestibulospinal pathway. Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a slowly progressive disease that affects the vestibulospinal tract early in its course. This study compared the electromyographic (EMG) responses triggered by GVS of asymptomatic ...
Gupta Salil S Department of Neurology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Local steroid injection is one of the treatment modalities for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Symptomatic and electrophysiological improvement has been previously documented. The electrophysiological parameter, which represents the most consistent change after local steroid injection, is not well-known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in electrophysiological ...
Li Bin - - 2013
Background/Aims: Gastroesophageal reflux is a significant problem after esophagogastrostomy, and impact considerably upon the quality of patients' lives. Aims of this study were to evaluate the operative effects in prevention of reflux with lip-type reinforcement during intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis. Methodology: From January 2005 to December 2009, 216 patients received circular ...
Paeck Kyung Hyun - - 2013
Background/Aims: Because colonoscopy can be a technically challenging procedure, endoscopist fatigue, which usually increases as day progresses, may impact procedural performance. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of colonoscopy scheduling on adenoma and polyp detection rates (ADR and PDR, respectively). Methodology: This was a retrospective study ...
Arima Takahiro T Emergency Department, Funabashi Municipal Medical Center. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to determine and compare the utility of the Airway scope (AWS; Pentax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and the conventional Macintosh laryngoscope (MLS) for intubation in the prehospital setting. In this randomized controlled trial in the prehospital setting, the primary outcome was time required for intubation, and the secondary ...
Porhomayon Jahan - - 2013
The primary goal of this study was to assess the impact of airway devices on the incidence of nausea after knee arthroplasty and their interaction with the use of nitrous oxide. Charts were reviewed for 499 patients after knee arthroplasty under general anesthesia. Demographic data, type of airway device, nitrous ...
Shetye Pradip R PR New York, N.Y.; and Boston, Mass. From the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Medical Center, and Brigham and Women's - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to characterize soft-tissue profile changes following Le Fort III (midface) distraction in growing patients with syndromic craniosynostosis. The cohort consisted of 20 syndromic patients who underwent Le Fort III osteotomy with midface advancement using a rigid external distraction device. The mean age at surgery ...
Akita Shinsuke S Chiba and Nankoku, Japan From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chiba Cancer Center; the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Chiba University, Faculty of Medicine; and the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kochi Medical School - - 2013
Subcutaneous ecchymosis caused by venous reflux is a preventable complication following lymphaticovenular anastomosis. The authors developed a series of operative procedures to prevent venous reflux. This is probably the first report on valvuloplasty for small subcutaneous veins (diameter, <1 mm). A total of 165 anastomoses in 39 limbs were operated ...
Figueroa-Casas Juan B - - 2013
Rationale: Predictions of duration of mechanical ventilation are frequently made by intensivists and influence clinical decisions. Objectives: We aimed to measure the accuracy of these clinical early predictions. Methods: One hundred and fifty-five patients within 48 hours of initiation of mechanical ventilation on a general Intensive Care Unit had clinical ...
Zellerhoff Stephan - - 2013
Phased radiofrequency (RF) ablation for atrial fibrillation is associated with an increased number of silent cerebral lesions on magnetic resonance imaging and cerebral microembolic signals (MESs) on transcranial Doppler ultrasound imaging compared with irrigated RF. The increased rate of embolic events may be due to a specific electrical interference of ...
Choi Young Soo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative changes in proximal segments and condyles on the transverse plane after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy. This is a retrospective study that included 200 subjects operated on, from 2003 to 2010, from whom we compared preoperative and postoperative (7 days, and 1, ...
Sánchez-De Pedro Francisco - - 2013
Recently, there has been speculation about the possibility of fusing intestinal tissue using bipolar sealing devices. In this study we compare in a porcine model the anastomoses created using the LigaSure(®) device with those created with a stapler after section and closure of a rectal stump. Thirty pigs underwent laparoscopic ...
Imai Hisashi - - 2013
Background/Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of internal biliary drainage after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), postoperative gastrointestinal function and complications of PD were compared in patients with and without the use of an external drainage stent for hepaticojejunostomy (HJ). Methodology: Between June 2005 and September 2011, 66 patients who underwent PD, including 40 ...
Scotti Nicola - - 2013
This study investigated the influence of clinical experience in relation to the efficacy and effectiveness of removal of 2 different fiber posts. In total, 48 intact single-rooted teeth were treated endodontically and obturated. Then, 10-mm post spaces were prepared, and fiber posts were luted. Twenty-four #1 D.T. Light-Posts were used ...
Tatsuno Ichiro - - 2013
TAK-085 is an omega-3 preparation that contains eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl-ester (EPA-E) and docosahexaenoic acid-ethyl ester used in the management of hypertriglyceridemia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term safety (adverse events [AEs], laboratory parameters, vital signs, weight, and electrocardiograms) and effects on lipid profiles, especially triglyceride levels, ...
Planells Roig Manuel - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of biliopancreatic reflux (BPR) in patients with biliary pancreatitis (BP) undergoing elective cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) in comparison with a control group of symptomatic cholelithiasis (CG). Retrospective review of 107 consecutive BP cases. BPR was determined by IOC and liver function tests (LFT) were recorded ...
Hahn Robert G - - 2013
Background: Glycine 1.5% has long maintained a dominating role as an irrigating solution for monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), as well as for certain other transurethral procedures. Materials and Methods: This review summarizes the findings of systematic experimental and clinical studies in which glycine 1.5% for irrigation was ...
Vanichvatana Somkamol - - 2013
To test the efficacy of two calcium phosphate pastes compared to that of fluoride toothpaste on remineralizing artificial caries in situ, this study had a double-blind crossover in situ design, involving three experimental phases of 14 days each, with an 8-day washout period between phases. Nine healthy subjects participated in ...
Beaty Claude A CA Division of Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2013
Evidence indicates that a transfusion (Tx) trigger hemoglobin (Hgb) value of 8 gm/dL may be safer than a more liberal Tx trigger in cardiac surgery (CS) patients. We hypothesized that weekly physician feedback would improve adherence to such a protocol, but that the public identification of individual physician behavior would ...
Zou Liang - - 2013
This paper aims to investigate the portal-vein absorption kinetics of berberine in rat, and the influence of P-gp inhibitors such as verapamil and borneol, to its absorption ability. In the paper, a validated UHPLC method was established to determine the berberine in plasma, and the portal-vein absorption model was applied ...
Jang Chul Ho - - 2013
Chronic tympanic membrane (TM) perforation is one of the most common otology complications. Current surgical management of TM perforation includes myringoplasty and tympanoplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of three dimensional (3D) porous collagen scaffolds with topically applied human umbilical cord serum (UCS) ...
O'Donnell Patrick W - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the early results of a custom non-fluted diaphyseal press-fit stem for use with the global modular replacement system (GMRS) tumour prosthesis and the early complications associated with this implant. A total of 53 patients (54 implants) were identified from a prospective database ...
Liu Jeffrey - - 2013
Riata family of implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads have demonstrated in situ conductor externalization, prompting a class I recall and the Food and Drug Administration recommendation for fluoroscopic screening. The natural history of externalized Riata leads, however, remains unclear. In this study, we examined the rate of electrical failure in Riata ...
Mantz Françoise - - 2013
This retrospective study analyzes and compares the results of patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CE) for atherosclerotic stenosis obtained by 2 surgeons during two 5-year periods. Group 1 (G1) represents the first period (January1994-December 1998) and group 2 (G2) represents the second period (January 2006-December 2010). Our objective was to answer ...
Tsukahara Y - - 2013
Growing meat goats of 4 types (Boer and Spanish of both wethers and doelings) were used to evaluate conditions for a method of testing efficacy of electric-fence strand additions to barbed-wire fence used for cattle to also contain goats. Animals were allocated to 8 sets, with each set consisting of ...
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