Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1391
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Choi Young Soo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative changes in proximal segments and condyles on the transverse plane after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy. This is a retrospective study that included 200 subjects operated on, from 2003 to 2010, from whom we compared preoperative and postoperative (7 days, and 1, ...
Sánchez-De Pedro Francisco - - 2013
Recently, there has been speculation about the possibility of fusing intestinal tissue using bipolar sealing devices. In this study we compare in a porcine model the anastomoses created using the LigaSure(®) device with those created with a stapler after section and closure of a rectal stump. Thirty pigs underwent laparoscopic ...
Imai Hisashi - - 2013
Background/Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of internal biliary drainage after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), postoperative gastrointestinal function and complications of PD were compared in patients with and without the use of an external drainage stent for hepaticojejunostomy (HJ). Methodology: Between June 2005 and September 2011, 66 patients who underwent PD, including 40 ...
Scotti Nicola - - 2013
This study investigated the influence of clinical experience in relation to the efficacy and effectiveness of removal of 2 different fiber posts. In total, 48 intact single-rooted teeth were treated endodontically and obturated. Then, 10-mm post spaces were prepared, and fiber posts were luted. Twenty-four #1 D.T. Light-Posts were used ...
Tatsuno Ichiro - - 2013
TAK-085 is an omega-3 preparation that contains eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl-ester (EPA-E) and docosahexaenoic acid-ethyl ester used in the management of hypertriglyceridemia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term safety (adverse events [AEs], laboratory parameters, vital signs, weight, and electrocardiograms) and effects on lipid profiles, especially triglyceride levels, ...
Planells Roig Manuel - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of biliopancreatic reflux (BPR) in patients with biliary pancreatitis (BP) undergoing elective cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) in comparison with a control group of symptomatic cholelithiasis (CG). Retrospective review of 107 consecutive BP cases. BPR was determined by IOC and liver function tests (LFT) were recorded ...
Hahn Robert G - - 2013
Background: Glycine 1.5% has long maintained a dominating role as an irrigating solution for monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), as well as for certain other transurethral procedures. Materials and Methods: This review summarizes the findings of systematic experimental and clinical studies in which glycine 1.5% for irrigation was ...
Vanichvatana Somkamol - - 2013
To test the efficacy of two calcium phosphate pastes compared to that of fluoride toothpaste on remineralizing artificial caries in situ, this study had a double-blind crossover in situ design, involving three experimental phases of 14 days each, with an 8-day washout period between phases. Nine healthy subjects participated in ...
Beaty Claude A CA Division of Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2013
Evidence indicates that a transfusion (Tx) trigger hemoglobin (Hgb) value of 8 gm/dL may be safer than a more liberal Tx trigger in cardiac surgery (CS) patients. We hypothesized that weekly physician feedback would improve adherence to such a protocol, but that the public identification of individual physician behavior would ...
Zou Liang - - 2013
This paper aims to investigate the portal-vein absorption kinetics of berberine in rat, and the influence of P-gp inhibitors such as verapamil and borneol, to its absorption ability. In the paper, a validated UHPLC method was established to determine the berberine in plasma, and the portal-vein absorption model was applied ...
Jang Chul Ho - - 2013
Chronic tympanic membrane (TM) perforation is one of the most common otology complications. Current surgical management of TM perforation includes myringoplasty and tympanoplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of three dimensional (3D) porous collagen scaffolds with topically applied human umbilical cord serum (UCS) ...
O'Donnell Patrick W - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the early results of a custom non-fluted diaphyseal press-fit stem for use with the global modular replacement system (GMRS) tumour prosthesis and the early complications associated with this implant. A total of 53 patients (54 implants) were identified from a prospective database ...
Liu Jeffrey - - 2013
Riata family of implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads have demonstrated in situ conductor externalization, prompting a class I recall and the Food and Drug Administration recommendation for fluoroscopic screening. The natural history of externalized Riata leads, however, remains unclear. In this study, we examined the rate of electrical failure in Riata ...
Mantz Françoise - - 2013
This retrospective study analyzes and compares the results of patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CE) for atherosclerotic stenosis obtained by 2 surgeons during two 5-year periods. Group 1 (G1) represents the first period (January1994-December 1998) and group 2 (G2) represents the second period (January 2006-December 2010). Our objective was to answer ...
Tsukahara Y - - 2013
Growing meat goats of 4 types (Boer and Spanish of both wethers and doelings) were used to evaluate conditions for a method of testing efficacy of electric-fence strand additions to barbed-wire fence used for cattle to also contain goats. Animals were allocated to 8 sets, with each set consisting of ...
Kim Shin Hyung - - 2013
Purpose: Opioid-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) is popular method of postoperative pain control, but many patients suffer from IV PCA-related postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). In this retrospective observational study, we have determined independent predictors of IV PCA-related PONV and predictive values of the Apfel's simplified risk score in ...
Lee Gun-Young - - 2013
Purpose: To assess the therapeutic value of two different drainage catheters in treating chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). Materials and Methods: Two types of drainage catheters can be used to treat CSDH according to the position of holes in the catheter: open-type or closed-type catheter. In this retrospective study, 199 total ...
Balasubramaniyam R - - 2013
Peritoneal equilibration test (PET) is an important tool for managing peritoneal dialysis (PD) prescription. The Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines suggest that the first PET be performed 4-8 weeks after PD commencement. The main reason for this delay is because of the peritoneal membrane might change its character ...
Schilliger Lionel H - - 2013
The most commonly encountered ectoparasite in captive snakes is the hematophagous snake mite (Ophionyssus natricis). Infected snakes often exhibit lethargy, dysecdysis, pruritus, crusting dermatitis (sometimes progressing to abscesses), and behavioral changes (increased bathing time, rubbing against objects). Anemia and septicemia are occasional complications. Eliminating snake mites from a collection is ...
Lee Hae Mi - - 2013
Oropharyngeal manipulation is problematic when patients have a gag reflex. Sedation can suppress gag reflex, but can cause serious airway problems. We compared remifentanil (Group R) and propofol (Group P) in terms of cooperation and loss of gag reflex, while drugs were administered incrementally using target controlled infusion (TCI). Fifty ...
Lee Joon J School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada ; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, - - 2013
To develop a customized short LOS (<6 days) prediction model for geriatric patients receiving cardiac surgery, using local data and a computational feature selection algorithm. Utilization of a machine learning algorithm in a prospectively collected STS database consisting of patients who received cardiac surgery between January 2002 and June 2011. ...
Oh Keun K Department of Neurosurgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2013
To evaluate radiologic result of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with allobone graft and plate augmentation, and the change of radiologic outcome between screw type and insertion angle. Retrospective review of clinical and radiological data of 29 patients. Segmental angle, height and screw angles were measured and followed. The fusion ...
Stern Shlomo - - 2013
The J-point elevation of the ST segment, the early repolarization (ER) pattern is diagnosed usually on a resting 12-lead ECG. We investigated the ER pattern on 24-hour Holter recordings under physiological conditions in 9,200 consecutive cases. The patients' age varied between 14 days -95 years. In 410 individuals (4.9% of ...
Buber Jonathan - - 2013
Absent left atrium (LA) mechanical contraction may occur following the modified Cox-maze operation, and was found to impose a potential risk for the occurrence of thrombo-embolic stroke. It is unknown whether certain morphological P-wave characteristics can surrogate absent LA mechanical activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Verma Atul - - 2013
-This prospective, multi-center study sought to evaluate the incidence of asymptomatic cerebral embolism (ACE) during ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) using a multi-electrode radiofrequency (MER) system when specific procedural changes were applied. -Sixty subjects (age 60±10 years, 87% paroxysmal, CHADS2 score 0.6±0.7) undergoing AF ablation with a circular MER catheter ...
Shiono Akira - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate whether indocyanine green (ICG)-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling affects visual outcome and macular morphologic changes in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images after macular hole (MH) surgery. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 34 eyes in 34 patients who had undergone surgical treatment for MH. Best-corrected visual ...
Fontes Monique T - - 2013
To determine the effect of arterial normobaric hyperoxia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on postoperative neurocognitive function. The authors hypothesized that arterial hyperoxia during CPB is associated with neurocognitive decline at 6 weeks after cardiac surgery. Retrospective study of patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. A university hospital. One thousand eighteen ...
Chen Shuo - - 2013
Bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSO) may change condylar position, which can be one of the factors contributing to skeletal relapse. This study evaluated short- and long-term changes in condylar position using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and investigated changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) signs after BSSO for mandibular advancement in ...
Ramappa Manjunath - - 2013
Currently, there is no consensus as to whether total knee replacement(TKR) following high tibial osteotomy(HTO) provides similar postoperative outcomes as compared to TKR without previous HTO. Previous studies have provided limited evidence to small sample sizes and methodological inappropriateness. A systematic search process was conducted utilising PRISMA guidelines. Electronic, peer ...
Ahn Seong Joon - - 2013
To investigate the morphologic characteristics of macular commotio retinae using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) and develop a grading system for traumatic photoreceptor damage. Retrospective, observational case series. setting: Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. patients: Forty-nine patients with macular commotio retinae, examined by SDOCT within 7 days of the initial traumatic ...
Chuah Cher Shiong - - 2013
Acidosis during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been related to the strong ion difference (SID) and the composition of intravascular fluids that are administered. Less intravascular fluids tend to be administered during off- than on-pump CABG and should influence the degree of acidosis that develops. This study aimed to explore the ...
Chotanaphuti Thanainit - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess whether custom cutting blocks improve accuracy of component alignment compared to conventional TKA instrumentation. Eighty primary TKA patients were enrolled in an open-label randomized prospective clinical trial and were divided into two groups, 40 custom cutting blocks and 40 conventional TKA instrumentations. ...
Schizas Constantin - - 2013
Kyphotic deformities with sagittal imbalance of the spine can be treated with spinal osteotomies. Those procedures are known to have a high incidence of neurological complications, in particular at the thoracic level. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) have been widely used in helping to avoid major neurological deficits postoperatively. Previous reports ...
Katoh Narutaka - - 2013
Neutrophil CD64 has been reported to be a sensitive and specific infection marker. Its measurement is thus considered to be useful in early diagnosis of post-operative periprosthetic infection. However, even its normal sequential changes after non-infectious total joint arthroplasty have remained ambiguous. Accordingly, we analyzed 2-week sequential neutrophil CD64 expression ...
Palé Maria - - 2013
The aims of the study were to evaluate by spectrophotometer the in vivo colour changes resulting from the application of an in-office tooth bleaching system containing 28 % H2O2 by light-emitting diode (LED) activation and to determine whether the application of 5 % potassium nitrate 30 min before bleaching decreased tooth sensitivity. Thirty-two ...
Sakellariou Vasileios I VI Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th street, New York, NY 10021 - - 2013
Long-term results after total knee replacement (TKR) with conventional and compression-molded polyethylene (PE) have been excellent. The introduction of highly cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE), which has demonstrated superior wear properties in total hip replacement (THR), has led to its recent use in TKR. However, the knee has a unique biomechanical environment ...
Otten David D Department of Emergency Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, CO; University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, - - 2014
Bag-valve-mask ventilation remains an essential component of airway management. Rescuers continue to use both traditional 1- or 2-handed mask-face sealing techniques, as well as a newer modified 2-handed technique. We compare the efficacy of 1-handed, 2-handed, and modified 2-handed bag-valve-mask technique. In this prospective, crossover study, health care providers performed ...
Manabe Shino - - 2013
The sulfonylcarbamate group is a unique hydroxyl protecting group. In contrast to typical acyl protecting groups, the sulfonylcarbamate group is stable under harsh basic conditions, while showing labile behavior under mild basic conditions. Its compatibility with other hydroxyl protecting groups and application to carbohydrate chemistry is demonstrated.
Lee Myeung-Sik - - 2013
Ineffective estrus detection is the foremost limiting factor in the fertility of farmed cattle worldwide. Failure to detect estrus or erroneous diagnosis of estrus results in great economic losses in Korea each year. This study was carried out in order to comprehensively describe the estrus behaviors and conception rates of ...
Shu Chin-Chung - - 2013
Interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) is popular for detecting latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), but its dynamic change is uncertain in high-risk groups such as dialysis patients. Patients undergoing dialysis were prospectively enrolled. The QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) was used to detect LTBI. After 6 and 12 months, QFT-GIT was repeated to ...
Prell Julian - - 2013
Object The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after craniotomy is reported to be as high as 50%. In outpatients, D-dimer levels of more than 0.5 mg/L indicate venous thromboembolism (VTE, which subsumes DVT and pulmonary embolism [PE]) with a sensitivity of 99.4% and a specificity of 38.2%. However, D-dimer ...
Bay-Jensen Anne C - - 2013
We investigated the effects of tocilizumab (TCZ) on joint tissue remodeling in patients with moderate to severely active RA by measuring tissue-specific biomarker. The LITHE biomarker study (n = 740) was a phase III study of 4- and 8-mg/kg TCZ in combination with MTX. Early response was evaluated at week ...
Cha Soo-Min - - 2013
Several studies recently reported the usefulness of plating methods following limb lengthening with external fixators. This study describes modification at the time of plate insertion, selection of a locking plate, and the direction of plating. From April 2006 to July 2009, 12 consecutive patients, mean age 17.8 years, were enrolled ...
Fleming Padhraig S - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare maxillary arch dimensional and inclination changes during alignment with conventional brackets and self-ligation. Ninety-six patients, ages 16 years and above, were included in this multicenter, 3-group parallel randomized trial. The main outcome measures were changes in maxillary intercanine, interpremolar, and intermolar dimensions, ...
Choi Samjin - - 2013
This study quantitatively examined short-term effects of 0.02% Mitomycin C (MMC) treatment on the nanostructural changes in human scleral collagen fibrils. Histologic analysis and non-contact mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) were employed to assess the ultrastructural changes in the morphological characteristics of human sclera before and after 0.02% MMC application ...
Hoch Matthew C - - 2013
Many studies have examined the temporal response of the peroneal muscles to sudden inversion perturbation in patients with a previous ankle sprain. The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to synthesize the evidence and determine if PRT impairments are present following ankle sprain. An electronic search was conducted ...
Li Sheng - - 2013
The current study sought to investigate the safety of intraoperative and early postoperative continuous hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion (IEPCHIP) at different temperatures in a swine model of experimental distal gastrectomy with Billroth II reconstruction. Thirty pigs were randomly divided into 5 groups. Two groups were used as the control groups (groups ...
Tsukahara Y - - 2013
Growing meat goats of 4 types (Boer (B) and Spanish (S) of both wethers and doelings) were used to evaluate conditions for a method of testing efficacy of electric fence strand additions to barbed wire fence used for cattle to also contain goats. Animals were allocated to 8 sets, with ...
Johnson A Wayne - - 2013
To determine if stretching for a constant total time with differing repetition durations and number of repetitions over a 6-week period produced different changes in hamstring flexibility measured by knee extension range of motion (ROM). Randomized Control Trial. University laboratory. 34 volunteers, 18-25 years old with tight hamstrings as determined ...
Horita Nobuyuki - - 2013
Abstract Minimum clinically important change of 5 points in the University of California, San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire (SOBQ) is established, but cutoff values between a small, a moderate, and a large change are still unknown. We used the data set of National Emphysema Treatment Trial consisting of severe ...
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