Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1414
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Winters Joshua D - - 2013
To assess changes in maximal strength and rate of torque development (RTD) following TKA, and examine the relationships between these measures and physical function. Thirty-five TKA patients and 23 controls completed isometric knee extensor torque testing preoperatively, 1, and 6months after surgery. Maximal strength was calculated as the peak torque ...
Chinzei Nobuaki N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, - - 2013
Although good overall results have been reported with TKA, certain problems and limitations remain, primarily due to postoperative differences in joint kinematics, when compared with the normal knee. ADVANCE® Medial-Pivot TKA involves replicating the medial pivoting behavior observed in normal knees. Here, we aimed to investigate the clinical and radiological ...
Ryu Jung-Hee - - 2013
Sore throat, hoarseness, dysphagia, and cough are common laryngopharyngeal discomforts after thyroidectomy. The incidence and severity of laryngopharyngeal symptoms after the use of a flexible reinforced laryngeal mask airway (LMA) were compared with those that occur after the use of a plain endotracheal tube in patients after thyroidectomy. Seventy-six patients ...
Cai Guo-Long - - 2013
Blood natriuretic peptide (NP) levels have been reported to be useful for predicting postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to quantitatively synthesize the current evidence of the accuracy of using NP levels in predicting postoperative AF. Medline, Embase, and reference lists were searched. Studies were included if either brain natriuretic ...
Gionis Michalis N - - 2013
The recommended duration of post-operative Low-Molecular-Weight-Heparins (LMWHs) thromboprophylaxis in Total-Hip-Replacement (THR) and Total-Knee-Replacement (TKR) surgery is controversial. Our aim is to study the thrombin generation (TG) modifications induced by surgery and to evaluate the effect of LMWH on TG during and after the recommended duration. Thirty-one patients received 4000IU anti-Xa/day ...
Burgos L - - 2013
To assess the presence of early bladder abnormalities in a prenatally corrected and uncorrected animal model of Myelomeningocele (MMC). A MMC-like lesion was surgically created in 18 fetal lambs between the 60th and the 80th day of gestation. Eight of them did not undergo fetal repair (group A), three were ...
Emani Sirisha - - 2013
Thrombosis contributes to morbidity and mortality in neonates following cardiac surgery. Alterations in hemostatic factors following cardiac surgery have been described, but there is no data correlating these changes with risk of thrombosis in neonates. The aim of this study is to predict thrombosis in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery by ...
Chung Woo-Chul WC Woo-Chul Chung, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Suwon St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon 441-400, South - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of grasper type scissors (GTS) for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of gastric epithelial neoplasia. The study was performed by 4 endoscopists in 4 institutions affiliated to The Catholic University of Korea. ESD was performed in 76 consecutive patients with gastric epithelial neoplasia by using ...
Bortone Agustín - - 2013
-In patients treated for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), the pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection rate is substantial and may be related to the lack of transmurality achievement while performing PV isolation (PVI). It has been experimentally demonstrated that positive unipolar atrial electrogram completion, when applying radiofrequency (RF) energy, was associated with ...
Zaugg Lucia K - - 2013
To compare the antimicrobial activity of polyhexamethylene biguanide (Prontosan wound gel, Pr) and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) after short- and medium-term application with the disinfection ability of calcium hydroxide (Ca) in a model using immature bovine teeth. Sixty immature bovine roots were infected with Enterococcus faecalis and randomly assigned to six ...
Shetye Pradip R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to characterize soft-tissue profile changes following Le Fort III (midface) distraction in growing patients with syndromic craniosynostosis. The cohort consisted of 20 syndromic patients who underwent Le Fort III osteotomy with midface advancement using a rigid external distraction device. The mean age at surgery ...
Akita Shinsuke - - 2013
Subcutaneous ecchymosis caused by venous reflux is a preventable complication following lymphaticovenular anastomosis. The authors developed a series of operative procedures to prevent venous reflux. This is probably the first report on valvuloplasty for small subcutaneous veins (diameter, <1 mm). A total of 165 anastomoses in 39 limbs were operated ...
Basheeth Naveed - - 2013
Background: Hypocalcaemia is common in the initial period after total laryngectomy. The purpose of the present study was to study the incidence of and risk factors for post-laryngectomy hypocalcaemia at our institution. Study Design: Retrospective review of 65 consecutive total laryngectomies. Methods: Clinical data and calcium levels for the first ...
Khan Abdul Wadood - - 2013
To formulate and optimize a herbal gel of Aloe vera extract containing Carbopol 934 as gelling agent and to investigate the effects of topical application of Carbopol 934 gel containing Aloe vera extract on the healing of skin wounds surgically induced in Wistar rats. Different concentrations of viscosity enhancer Carbopol ...
Zhao Yan-Bin - - 2013
Cervical disc arthroplasty is an alternative surgery to standard cervical decompression and fusion for disc degeneration. Different types of cervical disc prosthesis are used in China. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiographic outcomes of cervical arthroplasty using the ProDisc-C prosthesis. Radiographic evaluation, including static and dynamic ...
Matos Cunha Luciana Cristina LC Faculty of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2013
Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) is a low-cost and safe examination for testing the vestibulospinal pathway. Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a slowly progressive disease that affects the vestibulospinal tract early in its course. This study compared the electromyographic (EMG) responses triggered by GVS of asymptomatic ...
Gupta Salil S Department of Neurology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Local steroid injection is one of the treatment modalities for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Symptomatic and electrophysiological improvement has been previously documented. The electrophysiological parameter, which represents the most consistent change after local steroid injection, is not well-known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in electrophysiological ...
Li Bin - - 2013
Background/Aims: Gastroesophageal reflux is a significant problem after esophagogastrostomy, and impact considerably upon the quality of patients' lives. Aims of this study were to evaluate the operative effects in prevention of reflux with lip-type reinforcement during intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis. Methodology: From January 2005 to December 2009, 216 patients received circular ...
Paeck Kyung Hyun - - 2013
Background/Aims: Because colonoscopy can be a technically challenging procedure, endoscopist fatigue, which usually increases as day progresses, may impact procedural performance. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of colonoscopy scheduling on adenoma and polyp detection rates (ADR and PDR, respectively). Methodology: This was a retrospective study ...
Porhomayon Jahan - - 2013
The primary goal of this study was to assess the impact of airway devices on the incidence of nausea after knee arthroplasty and their interaction with the use of nitrous oxide. Charts were reviewed for 499 patients after knee arthroplasty under general anesthesia. Demographic data, type of airway device, nitrous ...
Arima Takahiro T Emergency Department, Funabashi Municipal Medical Center. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to determine and compare the utility of the Airway scope (AWS; Pentax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and the conventional Macintosh laryngoscope (MLS) for intubation in the prehospital setting. In this randomized controlled trial in the prehospital setting, the primary outcome was time required for intubation, and the secondary ...
Figueroa-Casas Juan B - - 2013
Rationale: Predictions of duration of mechanical ventilation are frequently made by intensivists and influence clinical decisions. Objectives: We aimed to measure the accuracy of these clinical early predictions. Methods: One hundred and fifty-five patients within 48 hours of initiation of mechanical ventilation on a general Intensive Care Unit had clinical ...
Zellerhoff Stephan - - 2013
Phased radiofrequency (RF) ablation for atrial fibrillation is associated with an increased number of silent cerebral lesions on magnetic resonance imaging and cerebral microembolic signals (MESs) on transcranial Doppler ultrasound imaging compared with irrigated RF. The increased rate of embolic events may be due to a specific electrical interference of ...
Choi Young Soo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative changes in proximal segments and condyles on the transverse plane after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy. This is a retrospective study that included 200 subjects operated on, from 2003 to 2010, from whom we compared preoperative and postoperative (7 days, and 1, ...
Sánchez-De Pedro Francisco - - 2013
Recently, there has been speculation about the possibility of fusing intestinal tissue using bipolar sealing devices. In this study we compare in a porcine model the anastomoses created using the LigaSure(®) device with those created with a stapler after section and closure of a rectal stump. Thirty pigs underwent laparoscopic ...
Imai Hisashi - - 2013
Background/Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of internal biliary drainage after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), postoperative gastrointestinal function and complications of PD were compared in patients with and without the use of an external drainage stent for hepaticojejunostomy (HJ). Methodology: Between June 2005 and September 2011, 66 patients who underwent PD, including 40 ...
Scotti Nicola - - 2013
This study investigated the influence of clinical experience in relation to the efficacy and effectiveness of removal of 2 different fiber posts. In total, 48 intact single-rooted teeth were treated endodontically and obturated. Then, 10-mm post spaces were prepared, and fiber posts were luted. Twenty-four #1 D.T. Light-Posts were used ...
Tatsuno Ichiro - - 2013
TAK-085 is an omega-3 preparation that contains eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl-ester (EPA-E) and docosahexaenoic acid-ethyl ester used in the management of hypertriglyceridemia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term safety (adverse events [AEs], laboratory parameters, vital signs, weight, and electrocardiograms) and effects on lipid profiles, especially triglyceride levels, ...
Planells Roig Manuel - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of biliopancreatic reflux (BPR) in patients with biliary pancreatitis (BP) undergoing elective cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) in comparison with a control group of symptomatic cholelithiasis (CG). Retrospective review of 107 consecutive BP cases. BPR was determined by IOC and liver function tests (LFT) were recorded ...
Hahn Robert G - - 2013
Background: Glycine 1.5% has long maintained a dominating role as an irrigating solution for monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), as well as for certain other transurethral procedures. Materials and Methods: This review summarizes the findings of systematic experimental and clinical studies in which glycine 1.5% for irrigation was ...
Vanichvatana Somkamol - - 2013
To test the efficacy of two calcium phosphate pastes compared to that of fluoride toothpaste on remineralizing artificial caries in situ, this study had a double-blind crossover in situ design, involving three experimental phases of 14 days each, with an 8-day washout period between phases. Nine healthy subjects participated in ...
Beaty Claude A CA Division of Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2013
Evidence indicates that a transfusion (Tx) trigger hemoglobin (Hgb) value of 8 gm/dL may be safer than a more liberal Tx trigger in cardiac surgery (CS) patients. We hypothesized that weekly physician feedback would improve adherence to such a protocol, but that the public identification of individual physician behavior would ...
Zou Liang - - 2013
This paper aims to investigate the portal-vein absorption kinetics of berberine in rat, and the influence of P-gp inhibitors such as verapamil and borneol, to its absorption ability. In the paper, a validated UHPLC method was established to determine the berberine in plasma, and the portal-vein absorption model was applied ...
Jang Chul Ho - - 2013
Chronic tympanic membrane (TM) perforation is one of the most common otology complications. Current surgical management of TM perforation includes myringoplasty and tympanoplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of three dimensional (3D) porous collagen scaffolds with topically applied human umbilical cord serum (UCS) ...
O'Donnell Patrick W - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the early results of a custom non-fluted diaphyseal press-fit stem for use with the global modular replacement system (GMRS) tumour prosthesis and the early complications associated with this implant. A total of 53 patients (54 implants) were identified from a prospective database ...
Liu Jeffrey - - 2013
Riata family of implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads have demonstrated in situ conductor externalization, prompting a class I recall and the Food and Drug Administration recommendation for fluoroscopic screening. The natural history of externalized Riata leads, however, remains unclear. In this study, we examined the rate of electrical failure in Riata ...
Mantz Françoise - - 2013
This retrospective study analyzes and compares the results of patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CE) for atherosclerotic stenosis obtained by 2 surgeons during two 5-year periods. Group 1 (G1) represents the first period (January1994-December 1998) and group 2 (G2) represents the second period (January 2006-December 2010). Our objective was to answer ...
Tsukahara Y - - 2013
Growing meat goats of 4 types (Boer and Spanish of both wethers and doelings) were used to evaluate conditions for a method of testing efficacy of electric-fence strand additions to barbed-wire fence used for cattle to also contain goats. Animals were allocated to 8 sets, with each set consisting of ...
Kim Shin Hyung - - 2013
Purpose: Opioid-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) is popular method of postoperative pain control, but many patients suffer from IV PCA-related postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). In this retrospective observational study, we have determined independent predictors of IV PCA-related PONV and predictive values of the Apfel's simplified risk score in ...
Lee Gun-Young - - 2013
Purpose: To assess the therapeutic value of two different drainage catheters in treating chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). Materials and Methods: Two types of drainage catheters can be used to treat CSDH according to the position of holes in the catheter: open-type or closed-type catheter. In this retrospective study, 199 total ...
Balasubramaniyam R - - 2013
Peritoneal equilibration test (PET) is an important tool for managing peritoneal dialysis (PD) prescription. The Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines suggest that the first PET be performed 4-8 weeks after PD commencement. The main reason for this delay is because of the peritoneal membrane might change its character ...
Schilliger Lionel H - - 2013
The most commonly encountered ectoparasite in captive snakes is the hematophagous snake mite (Ophionyssus natricis). Infected snakes often exhibit lethargy, dysecdysis, pruritus, crusting dermatitis (sometimes progressing to abscesses), and behavioral changes (increased bathing time, rubbing against objects). Anemia and septicemia are occasional complications. Eliminating snake mites from a collection is ...
Lee Hae Mi - - 2013
Oropharyngeal manipulation is problematic when patients have a gag reflex. Sedation can suppress gag reflex, but can cause serious airway problems. We compared remifentanil (Group R) and propofol (Group P) in terms of cooperation and loss of gag reflex, while drugs were administered incrementally using target controlled infusion (TCI). Fifty ...
Lee Joon J School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada ; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, - - 2013
To develop a customized short LOS (<6 days) prediction model for geriatric patients receiving cardiac surgery, using local data and a computational feature selection algorithm. Utilization of a machine learning algorithm in a prospectively collected STS database consisting of patients who received cardiac surgery between January 2002 and June 2011. ...
Oh Keun K Department of Neurosurgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2013
To evaluate radiologic result of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with allobone graft and plate augmentation, and the change of radiologic outcome between screw type and insertion angle. Retrospective review of clinical and radiological data of 29 patients. Segmental angle, height and screw angles were measured and followed. The fusion ...
Stern Shlomo - - 2013
The J-point elevation of the ST segment, the early repolarization (ER) pattern is diagnosed usually on a resting 12-lead ECG. We investigated the ER pattern on 24-hour Holter recordings under physiological conditions in 9,200 consecutive cases. The patients' age varied between 14 days -95 years. In 410 individuals (4.9% of ...
Buber Jonathan - - 2013
Absent left atrium (LA) mechanical contraction may occur following the modified Cox-maze operation, and was found to impose a potential risk for the occurrence of thrombo-embolic stroke. It is unknown whether certain morphological P-wave characteristics can surrogate absent LA mechanical activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Verma Atul - - 2013
-This prospective, multi-center study sought to evaluate the incidence of asymptomatic cerebral embolism (ACE) during ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) using a multi-electrode radiofrequency (MER) system when specific procedural changes were applied. -Sixty subjects (age 60±10 years, 87% paroxysmal, CHADS2 score 0.6±0.7) undergoing AF ablation with a circular MER catheter ...
Shiono Akira - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate whether indocyanine green (ICG)-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling affects visual outcome and macular morphologic changes in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images after macular hole (MH) surgery. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 34 eyes in 34 patients who had undergone surgical treatment for MH. Best-corrected visual ...
Fontes Monique T - - 2013
To determine the effect of arterial normobaric hyperoxia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on postoperative neurocognitive function. The authors hypothesized that arterial hyperoxia during CPB is associated with neurocognitive decline at 6 weeks after cardiac surgery. Retrospective study of patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. A university hospital. One thousand eighteen ...
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