Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1416
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Komen Niels N Department of Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aim to determine if C-reactive protein (CRP), lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), and procalcitonin (PCT) in drain fluid can serve as screening tools for colorectal anastomotic leakage (CAL). Patients included in this multicenter prospective observational study underwent left hemicolectomy, sigmoid resection, high anterior resection, low anterior resection, or subtotal colectomy. During ...
Jeong In-Hye IH Department of Biological Science and Biotechnology, Hannam University, Daejeon, 305-811, Republic of - - 2014
The bacteria resident in sponges collected from Chuuk Lagoon and Kosrae Island of Micronesia were investigated using the 16S rRNA gene PCR-tagged pyrosequencing method. These sponges were clustered into 5 groups based on their bacterial composition. Diversity indexes and cumulative rank abundance curves showed the different compositions of bacterial communities ...
Nishitani Kohei K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Recognizing subtle cartilage changes in the preclinical stage of osteoarthritis (OA) is essential for early diagnosis. To this end, the ability of the ultrasound signal intensity to detect macroscopically undetectable cartilage change was investigated. In this study, cartilage of rabbit OA model and human OA samples was examined by macroscopic ...
Lee Sang Soo SS Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To date, it has been difficult to determine the optimal stenting duration of a fully covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) in a benign biliary stricture. The purpose of this study was to identify the histopathological changes in a bile duct resulting from long-term placement of a FCSEMS. An FCSEMS was ...
Li Yunfeng Y Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, - - 2014
Proportion of days covered (PDC), a commonly used adherence metric, does not provide information about the longitudinal course of adherence to treatment over time. Group-based trajectory model (GBTM) is an alternative method that overcomes this limitation. The statistical principles of GBTM and PDC were applied to assess adherence during a ...
Kazemi Babak B Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Introduction : Patients with hemodynamically significant mitral stenosis (MS) have prolonged P-wave duration and increased P-wave dispersion (PWD) that decrease after successful percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy (PBMV). The purpose of this study was to investigate if the changes in these indices may predict a successful procedure. Methods : Fifty two ...
Zhang Yuan Y Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
To retrospectively compare the efficacy of the titanium mesh cage (TMC) and the nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide66 cage (n-HA/PA66 cage) for 1- or 2-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) to treat multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM). A total of 117 consecutive patients with MCSM who underwent 1- or 2-level ACCF using a ...
Li L - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of human chromosome telomerase gene (hTERC) overexpression in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN1) natural prognosis. A total number of 2,499 women aged 30-49 years were screened in a population-based cervical cancer screening study from Jiangxi province rural sites. ...
Li Fei F Department of Mathematics, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, - - 2014
Based on the light relation between a normal subgroup and a complete congruence relation of a group, we consider the homomorphism problem of rough groups and rough quotient groups and investigate their operational properties. Some new results are obtained.
Dogan N - - 2014
Background: The aim of this study is to compare the motility of Roux limb with that of normal segment. Materials and methods: Rats were divided into 3 equal groups as control, Roux-en-Y (Group A) and Roux-en-Y with vagotomy (Group B). Only midline incision and manipulations were applied in control group. ...
Fiorentino Francesca F National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United - - 2014
Characterisation of anticoagulant control is fundamental to investigations of its association with clinical outcome. Anticoagulant control depends on several factors. This paper aims to illustrate the implications of different methods for measuring and analysing anticoagulant control in patients with second generation mechanical heart valve prostheses. International normalised ratio (INR) data ...
Seo Hyungseok H Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Although ultrasonography is recommended in internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization, the landmark-guided technique should still be considered. The central landmark using the two heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle is widely used, but it is inaccurate for IJV access. As an alternative landmark, we investigated the accuracy of the new landmark ...
Inoue Kenji K Inouye Eye Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
We prospectively investigated the intraocular pressure (IOP)-reducing effect, the visual field-maintenance effect, and the adverse reactions caused by administration of latanoprost/timolol maleate fixed-combination eyedrops for 3 years. The subjects were 162 patients (162 eyes) with glaucoma or ocular hypotension who were using latanoprost and timolol maleate eyedrops concomitantly. The latanoprost ...
Adachi Akihiko A Department of Neurosurgery, Chiba Cardiovascular Center, Tsurumai, Ichihara, Japan; Department of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Inohana, Chiba, - - 2014
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is known to have a substantial recurrence rate. Artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACF) is an effective irrigation solution in general open craniotomy and endoneurosurgery, but no evidence of its use in burr-hole surgery exists. To identify the potential of ACF irrigation to prevent CSDH recurrence. More specifically, ...
Wang Y Q YQ Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of partial hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) on postoperative cognitive function in mice. One hundred Kunming mice were randomized into control group (N = 20), sham group (N = 20) and I/R group (N = 60), which was equally divided into 3 ...
Pereira-Lucena C G CG Pós-Graduação em Ciência Cirúrgica Interdisciplinar, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Napoleão de Barros, 610-Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04024-002, Brazil, - - 2013
Although meshes reduce abdominal hernia recurrence, they increase the risk of inflammatory complications. This study aimed to compare the early and late postoperative inflammation and collagen deposition responses induced by three meshes. Rats were allocated into three groups. In group I, a polypropylene (PP) mesh was implanted in the abdominal ...
Higashimori Akihiro A Department of Cardiology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada-city, Osaka, - - 2013
Aims: The primary patency of superficial femoral artery (SFA) stents is evaluated by measuring PSVR. However, each trial uses a different definition of PSVR. We investigated the impact of changing PSVR thresholds on the patency rates of SFA recanalisation with self-expanding nitinol stents. Methods and results: A single-centre retrospective study ...
Imai K K Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the use of bevacizumab (Bmab) in addition to oxaliplatin (OX), the development of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) and the changes in splenic volume as an indicator of the protective effect of Bmab against OX-induced SOS. Seventy-nine patients who received ...
Papadonikolakis Anastasios A Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Box 356500, 1959 N.E. Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195. E-mail address for A. Papadonikolakis: apapadon@u.washington.edu. E-mail address for F.A. Matsen III: - - 2013
Although glenoid component failure is one of the most common complications of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty, substantial evidence from the recent published literature is lacking regarding the temporal trend in the rate of this complication and the risk factors for its occurrence. We conducted a systematic review and identified twenty-seven ...
Mauerer Andreas A Department of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Erlangen, Krankenhausstr. 12, 91054, Erlangen, Germany, - - 2013
The aim of this study was the investigation of a copper-filled TiO2 coating, that in vitro showed good antibacterial properties combined with good tissue tolerance in an animal model. To better understand the antibacterial mechanism of the bioactive coating the release of copper (Cu) ions over time was monitored to ...
Li Mingjiang M Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, - - 2013
To observe levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and evaluate their significance in various stages of idiopathic atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients with idiopathic AF were recruited into this prospective study and classified into one of three groups according to stage of disease progression: paroxysmal AF; persistent AF; permanent AF. Healthy individuals ...
Ozkaya Hasan H Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medical School, Anesthesiology and Reanimation Department, Konya, - - 2013
It is aimed to evaluate the effects of intra-articular levobupivacaine on rabbit knee articular cartilage and certain biochemical parameters in the blood. A total of 24 New Zealand rabbits were included to study. Blood sampling was done from all animals on the first day, then the subjects were randomly allocated either ...
Loghin Catalin - - 2013
Although few clinical variables have been associated with recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) the role of left atrial (LA) mechanical function in the outcome of catheter ablation of AF is not adequately defined. The aim of our study was to determine whether LA mechanical dyssynchrony ...
Pan N - - 2013
ObjectiveRising anti-double-stranded (ds) DNA titers have been shown by some, but not all, studies to be predictive of disease flares in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We hypothesized that a rapid and substantial rise in anti-dsDNA titer (anti-dsDNA surge) would be a good predictor of a clinically important SLE flare.MethodsA matched ...
Ozbal Koc Eltaf Ayca - - 2013
The aim of this study was subjective and objective evaluation of changes in acoustic features of voice before and after septoplasty surgery. Prospective. Twenty patients scheduled for septoplasty procedure were included in the study. Before and 1 and 3 months after septoplasty surgery, acoustic analysis were performed. The recordings of ...
Mastropasqua Leonardo - - 2013
The present study aimed at determining differences in riboflavin concentration in the anterior, intermediate and posterior stroma after three corneal cross-linking imbibition techniques (standard Epi-off, Epi-on and Iontophoresis-assisted administration) of 0.1% riboflavin. Experimental laboratory investigation of human cadaver corneas not suitable for transplantation. 10 corneas underwent imbibition with Epi-on (n=3), ...
Hawkins J F JF Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, 625 Harrison St., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The objective was to evaluate CO2 laser debridement of the cricoarytenoid joint (CAJ) combined with prosthetic laryngoplasty to prevent post-operative loss of arytenoid abduction in seven horses. Horses were assigned to either laser debridement of the left CAJ and laryngoplasty (laser treated, n=5) or control laryngoplasty (sham, n=2), and were ...
Singh P P - - 2013
Several recent studies have investigated the role of C-reactive protein (CRP) as an early marker of anastomotic leakage following colorectal surgery. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the predictive value of CRP in this setting. A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, Embase and ...
Kabbale Fredrick G - - 2013
We investigated the biting patterns and seasonal abundances of Anopheles gambiae s.l. and An. funestus mosquitoes in Kamuli District, Uganda. Hourly indoor and outdoor catches of human biting mosquitoes were sampled from 19.00 to 07.00 hours for four consecutive nights each month using bed net traps in forty-eight houses randomly ...
Fujita Kenji - - 2013
Locking plates are an internal fixation material useful in the treatment of bone fractures, which provides effective stabilization between the plate and locking head screws (LHSs) via the locking mechanism. However, difficulty in removing LHSs is relatively common, and such cases can require long surgical procedures or use of special ...
Ferrari Stephen F - - 2013
Activity budgets are widely used in primate behavioral studies for the analysis of ecological strategies. In some cases, there is considerable seasonal variation in the length of the daily activity period. Here, activity budgets from two field studies of Callithrix flaviceps were compiled first by the traditional approach (proportion of ...
Rathod Parthiv A PA Center For Joint Preservation and Reconstruction, North Shore LIJ/Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, New - - 2013
We compared gait parameters prior to, at 6months and 1year following total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed via direct anterior approach (DAA) and posterior approach (PA) by a single surgeon in 22 patients. A gait analysis system involving reflective markers, infrared cameras and a multicomponent force plate was utilized. Postoperatively, the ...
Yilgor Caglar - - 2013
Experimental study. To compare the effects of fusionless instrumentation (FI) and instrumented fusion (IF) on the adjacent segment in an immature pig model. Observations reveal proximal junctional kyphosis after FI. Possible reasons are stress concentration, repeated distractive forces, and/or soft tissue damage done in the index surgery. It was speculated ...
Jawhar A - - 2013
Patellofemoral related complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remain clinically relevant. The hypothesis of the present study was that the patellar height changes more than 10 % of its preoperative height after TKA. Possible influences of age, gender, side and navigation system on patellar height were evaluated separately in subgroups. A ...
Babu Ramesh R Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Pediatric Urology, Porur, Chennai 600116, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aims of this study were to assess anatomical landmarks with reference to urethral meatus and glans in hypospadias and compare the findings with those of healthy individuals, and to assess whether marking reference points helps in improving outcome. 1. Patients who underwent repair for hypospadias had reference points marked. ...
Tilim Daniel - - 2013
To compare the short-term clinical performance of two dual-disinfectant multipurpose disinfecting solutions (MPDS) when used in conjunction with two silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Participants wore galyfilcon A and balafilcon A lenses, randomly allocated one type to each eye. Multipurpose disinfecting solutions were double-masked and allocated using a randomized crossover design. ...
Rispoli Mandy - - 2013
Individuals with developmental disabilities may engage in automatically reinforced behaviors that may interfere with learning opportunities. Manipulation of motivating operations has been shown to reduce automatically maintained behavior in some individuals. Considering behavioral indicators of satiation may assist in identifying the point at which an abolishing operation has begun to ...
Anraku Ayako - - 2013
Previous studies reported that the thickness of the macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) showed good diagnostic ability for detecting glaucoma. However, its impact on the progression of visual field loss in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess whether baseline mGCC thickness ...
Barrancos C - - 2013
AimTo determine the response of the lamina cribrosa (LC) and prelaminar tissue to a reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).MethodsA total of 28 eyes from 28 patients presenting with primary open angle glaucoma who underwent ...
Chopra Swati - - 2013
Previous studies assessed the outcome of ankle arthrodesis (AA) and total ankle replacement (TAR) surgeries; however, the extent of postoperative recovery towards bilateral gait mechanics (BGM) is unknown. We evaluated the outcome of the two surgeries at least 2 years post rehabilitation, focusing on BGM. 36 participants, including 12 AA ...
Cancelliero-Gaiad Karina M - - 2013
Transcutaneous electrical diaphragmatic stimulation (TEDS) has been used to improve respiratory muscle strength in patients with respiratory muscle weakness. However, this physical therapy resource has not been studied in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To evaluate the respiratory pattern during one session of TEDS in COPD patients. Fifteen COPD patients ...
Peralta-Molero Juan V - - 2013
Patellar crepitation and clunk (PCC) is an important and modifiable complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We calculated the incidence of PCC using a modern fixed-bearing TKA prosthesis, assessed whether PCC is associated with knee range of motion, and determined if there were any radiographic variables associated with the development ...
Rotenberg Shaun A - - 2013
Background: The subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) is a popular means to treat gingival recession and augment keratinized tissue. Studies exist that examine long term outcomes of this procedure; however, changes in tissue dimensions during early healing (0-21 days postoperatively) are unknown. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Jang Won - - 2013
Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography is a non-invasive method to assess liver fibrosis. Decline in LSM value has been reported after antiviral treatment (AVT) using nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUCs) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, however, factors associated with changes in LSM during AVT remains unclear. A total of ...
Feilmeier Mindi - - 2013
We present a radiographic review of 94 patients who underwent first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis. The main focus of our review was to assess the change in the intermetatarsal angle (IMA). The change in the IMA was measured for the entire group and for 2 subgroups (IMA 11° to 15° and ...
Indelli Pier Francesco - - 2013
Anterior knee pain following TKA performed utilizing the PFC Sigma system still represents a cause of failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether or not a recent change in the femoral design (PFC Sigma PS) had a positive impact on the patello-femoral complication rate. A consecutive series ...
Deruyver Y - - 2013
Retrieval of spermatozoa is unfortunately still only successful in a subset of patients suffering from non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) by conventional testicular sperm extraction (TESE). Microdissection TESE may have some theoretical benefits over conventional TESE, but uncertainty exists about its superiority. The objective of this systematic review was therefore to compare ...
Min Jeong Jin JJ Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Palonosetron is a recently introduced 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist useful for postoperative nausea and vomiting prophylaxis. However, 5-HT3 receptor antagonists increase the corrected QT (QTc) interval in patients who undergo general anesthesia. This retrospective study was performed to evaluate whether palonosetron would induce a QTc prolongation in patients undergoing general ...
Pithon Matheus Melo MM State University of Sudoeste da Bahia, UESB, Brazil. - - 2013
Sterilisation using peracetic acid (PAA) has been advocated for orthodontic elastic bands. However, cane-loaded elastomeric ligatures can also become contaminated during processing, packaging, and manipulation before placement in the oral cavity and are therefore susceptible, and possible causes, of cross-contamination. To test the hypothesis that 0.25% peracetic acid (PAA), following ...
Bae Sea Hyun SH Department of Physical Therapy, Cheongam College, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of kinesio tape applied to chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients on anticipatory postural control and cerebral cortex potential. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty patients whose low back pain had continued for more than 12 weeks were selected and assigned to a control ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >