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Hawkins J F JF Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, 625 Harrison St., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The objective was to evaluate CO2 laser debridement of the cricoarytenoid joint (CAJ) combined with prosthetic laryngoplasty to prevent post-operative loss of arytenoid abduction in seven horses. Horses were assigned to either laser debridement of the left CAJ and laryngoplasty (laser treated, n=5) or control laryngoplasty (sham, n=2), and were ...
Singh P P - - 2013
Several recent studies have investigated the role of C-reactive protein (CRP) as an early marker of anastomotic leakage following colorectal surgery. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the predictive value of CRP in this setting. A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, Embase and ...
Kabbale Fredrick G - - 2013
We investigated the biting patterns and seasonal abundances of Anopheles gambiae s.l. and An. funestus mosquitoes in Kamuli District, Uganda. Hourly indoor and outdoor catches of human biting mosquitoes were sampled from 19.00 to 07.00 hours for four consecutive nights each month using bed net traps in forty-eight houses randomly ...
Fujita Kenji - - 2013
Locking plates are an internal fixation material useful in the treatment of bone fractures, which provides effective stabilization between the plate and locking head screws (LHSs) via the locking mechanism. However, difficulty in removing LHSs is relatively common, and such cases can require long surgical procedures or use of special ...
Ferrari Stephen F - - 2013
Activity budgets are widely used in primate behavioral studies for the analysis of ecological strategies. In some cases, there is considerable seasonal variation in the length of the daily activity period. Here, activity budgets from two field studies of Callithrix flaviceps were compiled first by the traditional approach (proportion of ...
Rathod Parthiv A PA Center For Joint Preservation and Reconstruction, North Shore LIJ/Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, New - - 2013
We compared gait parameters prior to, at 6months and 1year following total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed via direct anterior approach (DAA) and posterior approach (PA) by a single surgeon in 22 patients. A gait analysis system involving reflective markers, infrared cameras and a multicomponent force plate was utilized. Postoperatively, the ...
Yilgor Caglar - - 2013
Experimental study. To compare the effects of fusionless instrumentation (FI) and instrumented fusion (IF) on the adjacent segment in an immature pig model. Observations reveal proximal junctional kyphosis after FI. Possible reasons are stress concentration, repeated distractive forces, and/or soft tissue damage done in the index surgery. It was speculated ...
Jawhar A - - 2013
Patellofemoral related complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remain clinically relevant. The hypothesis of the present study was that the patellar height changes more than 10 % of its preoperative height after TKA. Possible influences of age, gender, side and navigation system on patellar height were evaluated separately in subgroups. A ...
Babu Ramesh R Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Pediatric Urology, Porur, Chennai 600116, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aims of this study were to assess anatomical landmarks with reference to urethral meatus and glans in hypospadias and compare the findings with those of healthy individuals, and to assess whether marking reference points helps in improving outcome. 1. Patients who underwent repair for hypospadias had reference points marked. ...
Tilim Daniel - - 2013
To compare the short-term clinical performance of two dual-disinfectant multipurpose disinfecting solutions (MPDS) when used in conjunction with two silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Participants wore galyfilcon A and balafilcon A lenses, randomly allocated one type to each eye. Multipurpose disinfecting solutions were double-masked and allocated using a randomized crossover design. ...
Rispoli Mandy - - 2013
Individuals with developmental disabilities may engage in automatically reinforced behaviors that may interfere with learning opportunities. Manipulation of motivating operations has been shown to reduce automatically maintained behavior in some individuals. Considering behavioral indicators of satiation may assist in identifying the point at which an abolishing operation has begun to ...
Anraku Ayako - - 2013
Previous studies reported that the thickness of the macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) showed good diagnostic ability for detecting glaucoma. However, its impact on the progression of visual field loss in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess whether baseline mGCC thickness ...
Barrancos C - - 2013
AimTo determine the response of the lamina cribrosa (LC) and prelaminar tissue to a reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).MethodsA total of 28 eyes from 28 patients presenting with primary open angle glaucoma who underwent ...
Chopra Swati - - 2013
Previous studies assessed the outcome of ankle arthrodesis (AA) and total ankle replacement (TAR) surgeries; however, the extent of postoperative recovery towards bilateral gait mechanics (BGM) is unknown. We evaluated the outcome of the two surgeries at least 2 years post rehabilitation, focusing on BGM. 36 participants, including 12 AA ...
Cancelliero-Gaiad Karina M - - 2013
Transcutaneous electrical diaphragmatic stimulation (TEDS) has been used to improve respiratory muscle strength in patients with respiratory muscle weakness. However, this physical therapy resource has not been studied in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To evaluate the respiratory pattern during one session of TEDS in COPD patients. Fifteen COPD patients ...
Peralta-Molero Juan V - - 2013
Patellar crepitation and clunk (PCC) is an important and modifiable complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We calculated the incidence of PCC using a modern fixed-bearing TKA prosthesis, assessed whether PCC is associated with knee range of motion, and determined if there were any radiographic variables associated with the development ...
Rotenberg Shaun A - - 2013
Background: The subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) is a popular means to treat gingival recession and augment keratinized tissue. Studies exist that examine long term outcomes of this procedure; however, changes in tissue dimensions during early healing (0-21 days postoperatively) are unknown. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Jang Won - - 2013
Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography is a non-invasive method to assess liver fibrosis. Decline in LSM value has been reported after antiviral treatment (AVT) using nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUCs) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, however, factors associated with changes in LSM during AVT remains unclear. A total of ...
Feilmeier Mindi - - 2013
We present a radiographic review of 94 patients who underwent first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis. The main focus of our review was to assess the change in the intermetatarsal angle (IMA). The change in the IMA was measured for the entire group and for 2 subgroups (IMA 11° to 15° and ...
Indelli Pier Francesco - - 2013
Anterior knee pain following TKA performed utilizing the PFC Sigma system still represents a cause of failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether or not a recent change in the femoral design (PFC Sigma PS) had a positive impact on the patello-femoral complication rate. A consecutive series ...
Deruyver Y - - 2013
Retrieval of spermatozoa is unfortunately still only successful in a subset of patients suffering from non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) by conventional testicular sperm extraction (TESE). Microdissection TESE may have some theoretical benefits over conventional TESE, but uncertainty exists about its superiority. The objective of this systematic review was therefore to compare ...
Min Jeong Jin JJ Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Palonosetron is a recently introduced 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist useful for postoperative nausea and vomiting prophylaxis. However, 5-HT3 receptor antagonists increase the corrected QT (QTc) interval in patients who undergo general anesthesia. This retrospective study was performed to evaluate whether palonosetron would induce a QTc prolongation in patients undergoing general ...
Pithon Matheus Melo MM State University of Sudoeste da Bahia, UESB, Brazil. - - 2013
Sterilisation using peracetic acid (PAA) has been advocated for orthodontic elastic bands. However, cane-loaded elastomeric ligatures can also become contaminated during processing, packaging, and manipulation before placement in the oral cavity and are therefore susceptible, and possible causes, of cross-contamination. To test the hypothesis that 0.25% peracetic acid (PAA), following ...
Bae Sea Hyun SH Department of Physical Therapy, Cheongam College, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of kinesio tape applied to chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients on anticipatory postural control and cerebral cortex potential. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty patients whose low back pain had continued for more than 12 weeks were selected and assigned to a control ...
Hermanns Thomas - - 2013
To assess and compare postoperative prostate volume changes following 532-nm laser vaporization (LV) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). To investigate whether differences in volume reduction are associated with differences in clinical outcome. In this prospective, non-randomized study, 184 consecutive patients undergoing 120 W LV (n = 98) or TURP (n = 86) were ...
Mori Daisuke - - 2013
This study aimed to compare the arthroscopic patch graft procedure and partial repair for irreparable large or massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) in shoulders with low-grade fatty degeneration of the infraspinatus (stage 1 or 2 according to Goutallier et al.) in terms of the functional and structural outcomes. This study included ...
Ropposch Thorsten - - 2013
To analyze the effects of the depth of anesthesia on inner ear function measured with distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) at 2f 1 - f 2. Thirty patients who underwent tonsillectomy under general anesthesia (GA) were included. Patients were assigned randomly to one of two groups: group 1 (n = 15) received propofol, group ...
Winters Joshua D - - 2013
To assess changes in maximal strength and rate of torque development (RTD) following TKA, and examine the relationships between these measures and physical function. Thirty-five TKA patients and 23 controls completed isometric knee extensor torque testing preoperatively, 1, and 6months after surgery. Maximal strength was calculated as the peak torque ...
Chinzei Nobuaki N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, - - 2013
Although good overall results have been reported with TKA, certain problems and limitations remain, primarily due to postoperative differences in joint kinematics, when compared with the normal knee. ADVANCE® Medial-Pivot TKA involves replicating the medial pivoting behavior observed in normal knees. Here, we aimed to investigate the clinical and radiological ...
Ryu Jung-Hee - - 2013
Sore throat, hoarseness, dysphagia, and cough are common laryngopharyngeal discomforts after thyroidectomy. The incidence and severity of laryngopharyngeal symptoms after the use of a flexible reinforced laryngeal mask airway (LMA) were compared with those that occur after the use of a plain endotracheal tube in patients after thyroidectomy. Seventy-six patients ...
Cai Guo-Long - - 2013
Blood natriuretic peptide (NP) levels have been reported to be useful for predicting postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to quantitatively synthesize the current evidence of the accuracy of using NP levels in predicting postoperative AF. Medline, Embase, and reference lists were searched. Studies were included if either brain natriuretic ...
Gionis Michalis N - - 2013
The recommended duration of post-operative Low-Molecular-Weight-Heparins (LMWHs) thromboprophylaxis in Total-Hip-Replacement (THR) and Total-Knee-Replacement (TKR) surgery is controversial. Our aim is to study the thrombin generation (TG) modifications induced by surgery and to evaluate the effect of LMWH on TG during and after the recommended duration. Thirty-one patients received 4000IU anti-Xa/day ...
Burgos L - - 2013
To assess the presence of early bladder abnormalities in a prenatally corrected and uncorrected animal model of Myelomeningocele (MMC). A MMC-like lesion was surgically created in 18 fetal lambs between the 60th and the 80th day of gestation. Eight of them did not undergo fetal repair (group A), three were ...
Emani Sirisha - - 2013
Thrombosis contributes to morbidity and mortality in neonates following cardiac surgery. Alterations in hemostatic factors following cardiac surgery have been described, but there is no data correlating these changes with risk of thrombosis in neonates. The aim of this study is to predict thrombosis in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery by ...
Chung Woo-Chul WC Woo-Chul Chung, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Suwon St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon 441-400, South - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of grasper type scissors (GTS) for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of gastric epithelial neoplasia. The study was performed by 4 endoscopists in 4 institutions affiliated to The Catholic University of Korea. ESD was performed in 76 consecutive patients with gastric epithelial neoplasia by using ...
Bortone Agustín - - 2013
-In patients treated for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), the pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection rate is substantial and may be related to the lack of transmurality achievement while performing PV isolation (PVI). It has been experimentally demonstrated that positive unipolar atrial electrogram completion, when applying radiofrequency (RF) energy, was associated with ...
Zaugg Lucia K - - 2013
To compare the antimicrobial activity of polyhexamethylene biguanide (Prontosan wound gel, Pr) and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) after short- and medium-term application with the disinfection ability of calcium hydroxide (Ca) in a model using immature bovine teeth. Sixty immature bovine roots were infected with Enterococcus faecalis and randomly assigned to six ...
Shetye Pradip R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to characterize soft-tissue profile changes following Le Fort III (midface) distraction in growing patients with syndromic craniosynostosis. The cohort consisted of 20 syndromic patients who underwent Le Fort III osteotomy with midface advancement using a rigid external distraction device. The mean age at surgery ...
Akita Shinsuke - - 2013
Subcutaneous ecchymosis caused by venous reflux is a preventable complication following lymphaticovenular anastomosis. The authors developed a series of operative procedures to prevent venous reflux. This is probably the first report on valvuloplasty for small subcutaneous veins (diameter, <1 mm). A total of 165 anastomoses in 39 limbs were operated ...
Basheeth Naveed - - 2013
Background: Hypocalcaemia is common in the initial period after total laryngectomy. The purpose of the present study was to study the incidence of and risk factors for post-laryngectomy hypocalcaemia at our institution. Study Design: Retrospective review of 65 consecutive total laryngectomies. Methods: Clinical data and calcium levels for the first ...
Khan Abdul Wadood - - 2013
To formulate and optimize a herbal gel of Aloe vera extract containing Carbopol 934 as gelling agent and to investigate the effects of topical application of Carbopol 934 gel containing Aloe vera extract on the healing of skin wounds surgically induced in Wistar rats. Different concentrations of viscosity enhancer Carbopol ...
Zhao Yan-Bin - - 2013
Cervical disc arthroplasty is an alternative surgery to standard cervical decompression and fusion for disc degeneration. Different types of cervical disc prosthesis are used in China. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiographic outcomes of cervical arthroplasty using the ProDisc-C prosthesis. Radiographic evaluation, including static and dynamic ...
Matos Cunha Luciana Cristina LC Faculty of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2013
Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) is a low-cost and safe examination for testing the vestibulospinal pathway. Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a slowly progressive disease that affects the vestibulospinal tract early in its course. This study compared the electromyographic (EMG) responses triggered by GVS of asymptomatic ...
Gupta Salil S Department of Neurology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Local steroid injection is one of the treatment modalities for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Symptomatic and electrophysiological improvement has been previously documented. The electrophysiological parameter, which represents the most consistent change after local steroid injection, is not well-known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in electrophysiological ...
Li Bin - - 2013
Background/Aims: Gastroesophageal reflux is a significant problem after esophagogastrostomy, and impact considerably upon the quality of patients' lives. Aims of this study were to evaluate the operative effects in prevention of reflux with lip-type reinforcement during intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis. Methodology: From January 2005 to December 2009, 216 patients received circular ...
Paeck Kyung Hyun - - 2013
Background/Aims: Because colonoscopy can be a technically challenging procedure, endoscopist fatigue, which usually increases as day progresses, may impact procedural performance. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of colonoscopy scheduling on adenoma and polyp detection rates (ADR and PDR, respectively). Methodology: This was a retrospective study ...
Porhomayon Jahan - - 2013
The primary goal of this study was to assess the impact of airway devices on the incidence of nausea after knee arthroplasty and their interaction with the use of nitrous oxide. Charts were reviewed for 499 patients after knee arthroplasty under general anesthesia. Demographic data, type of airway device, nitrous ...
Arima Takahiro T Emergency Department, Funabashi Municipal Medical Center. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to determine and compare the utility of the Airway scope (AWS; Pentax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and the conventional Macintosh laryngoscope (MLS) for intubation in the prehospital setting. In this randomized controlled trial in the prehospital setting, the primary outcome was time required for intubation, and the secondary ...
Figueroa-Casas Juan B - - 2013
Rationale: Predictions of duration of mechanical ventilation are frequently made by intensivists and influence clinical decisions. Objectives: We aimed to measure the accuracy of these clinical early predictions. Methods: One hundred and fifty-five patients within 48 hours of initiation of mechanical ventilation on a general Intensive Care Unit had clinical ...
Zellerhoff Stephan - - 2013
Phased radiofrequency (RF) ablation for atrial fibrillation is associated with an increased number of silent cerebral lesions on magnetic resonance imaging and cerebral microembolic signals (MESs) on transcranial Doppler ultrasound imaging compared with irrigated RF. The increased rate of embolic events may be due to a specific electrical interference of ...
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