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Results 101 - 150 of 1405
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Debarros Mia M From the Department of Surgery (M.D., Q.H., C.R.P., S.S., M.E., M.M.), Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington; Legacy Emanuel Medical Center (S.I.), Portland, Oregon; and Baltimore Shock-Trauma Institute (J.D.), Baltimore, - - 2014
Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic with anti-inflammatory properties associated with improved outcomes when administered to trauma patients at risk for bleeding; however, its efficacy is unknown in acidemia. We evaluated the efficacy of TXA on hyperfibrinolysis using an established porcine traumatic hemorrhage ischemic shock model. Ten Yorkshire swine underwent ...
Fung Kenneth K From the Department of Surgery, Basildon and Thurrock University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Nethermayne, Basildon, Essex, United - - 2014
Previous studies have demonstrated that abnormal physiological observations are often recorded on patients' observation charts but not acted on, with ensuing negative consequences. To address this issue within our hospital, traditional charts with a graphic depiction of observations were replaced with new charts combining early warning scores (EWS) with numerically ...
Kim Kyung Cheon KC Kyung Cheon Kim, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, 640 Daesa-Dong, Jung-Gu, Daejeon 301-040, South Korea. - - 2014
Only a few studies have reported an unusual retear pattern after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair based on the repair method. To compare the retear pattern of the arthroscopic single-row technique (SRT), conventional suture-bridge technique (SBT), and knotless suture-bridge technique (K-SBT) for rotator cuff tears. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. ...
Kazmierski Jakub J Department of Old Age Psychiatry and Psychotic Disorders, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
Aims: The present study aimed to determine the impact of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on the development of postoperative delirium and, secondly, to assess the association between MCI and raised perioperative cortisol, cytokine, cobalamin and homocysteine levels. Methods: The study recruited 113 consecutive adult patients scheduled for cardiac surgery with ...
El-Khalawany Mohamed M Department of Dermatology, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. Corresponding author: - - 2014
Melanocytic nevi (MN) are the most important simulants of melanoma. Although acquired nevi are usually clinically stable, they may show abnormal clinical behavior. This study assessed the histological changes and prognosis of acquired MN with changing clinical behavior in Egyptian patients. The study included 236 patients that were classified into ...
Stefani C C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vita Salute San Raffaele University School of Medicine, Milan, Italy. massimo.origoni@hsr.it - - 2014
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the causal agent of cervical cancer. The great majority of abnormal Pap test results - almost 90% - is referrable to either atypical squamous intraepithelial lesion or CIN1. For these lesions, worldwide agreement exists concerning the high rate - ranging from 40% to 70% - of ...
Grassia V V Department of Orthodontics, Second University of Naples, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the dento-skeletal effects of mixed palatal expansion (MPE) on growing patients with a uni- or bilateral posterior crossbite and mild-to-moderate crowding as compared to untreated growing individuals using postero- anterior (PA) cephalometric analysis. A group of 24 patients (18 girls and 6 ...
Vinciguerra Paolo - - 2014
To evaluate a new curvature gradient topography map to predict postoperative corneal remodeling. In this retrospective study, 32 eyes of 16 patients with myopia underwent excimer ablation surgery with a postoperative high curvature gradient. The new curvature gradient map (acquired immediately postoperatively) shows the difference between the curvatures of two ...
Arora S S Department of Pathology, VMMC and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
Rejecting hemolyzed specimens received for coagulation studies is advised by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Receiving such specimens is a common phenomenon in many laboratories. The true impact of hemolysis on coagulation studies is little studied in clinical practice. The aim of this work is to study the changes ...
Harbison Justin E - - 2014
Stormwater catch basins are the primary source of mosquitoes targeted by the North Shore Mosquito Abatement District, in the northern suburbs of Chicago. Over a 17-wk period (June to September 2011), 3 clusters of catch basins located within a 0.7-km2 area were monitored weekly with dipper samples of immature mosquitoes. ...
Deb S - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the dimensional accuracy of impressions following sterilisation by autoclaving. Dental impressions (75) were of a dentoform containing 6 reference points. The impressions were split into 5 groups of 15, each group used a different impression technique. Groups were divided into 3 subgroups ...
Awadein A A Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
PurposeTo study the relationship between age and response to surgery in patients with intermittent exotropia and to identify change points in response to surgery.MethodsA retrospective analysis was conducted on 311 patients with intermittent exotropia who had bilateral lateral rectus recession using standard tables with minimum follow-up of 6 months. Data ...
Jose Sophie S Research Department of Infection and Population Health, UCL, London, - - 2014
Background. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has been linked to renal impairment but the extent to which this impairment is reversible is unclear. We aimed to investigate the reversibility of renal decline on TDF.Methods. Cox Proportional Hazards models assessed factors associated with discontinuing TDF in those with >6 months exposure. In those who ...
Marhofer D D Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, A-1090 Vienna, - - 2014
/st>The relation between the pattern of local anaesthetic (LA) spread and the quality of peripheral nerve block is unclear. /st>Twenty-one volunteers were randomized to receive a median nerve block with intended circumferential or intended non-circumferential spread of LA. Different predetermined volumes and needle placement techniques were used to produce the ...
Serrao Sebastiano S From the Fondazione G.B. Bietti IRCCS (Serrao, Schiano-Lomoriello, Ducoli, Rosati, M. Lombardo) and Vision Engineering (G. Lombardo), Rome, and the CNR-IPCF Unit of Support of Cosenza (G. Lombardo), University of Calabria, Rende, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate changes in anterior corneal topography after femtosecond laser-created clear corneal incisions (CCIs). Fondazione G.B. Bietti IRCCS, Rome, Italy. Comparative case series. Phacoemulsification was performed through a 2.75 mm incision. In the study group, a 3-plane CCI was created using a 150 kHz femtosecond laser. In the control group, ...
Rathod Parthiv A PA Center for Joint Preservation & Reconstruction, NorthshoreLIJ/Lenoxhill Hospital, 130 E 77th Street, 11th Floor, New York, NY, 10075, USA, - - 2014
The direct anterior approach for THA offers some advantages, but is associated with a significant learning curve. Some of the technical difficulties can be addressed by the use of intraoperative fluoroscopy which may improve the accuracy of acetabular component placement. The purposes of this study were to determine if (1) ...
Zhao Jian J Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Zhengzhou University People's Hospital and Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
To investigate the efficacy of the intraoperative posterior pericardial window technique in preventing pericardial tamponade following open heart surgery. Adult patients undergoing coronary and/or valve surgery were randomly divided into a control (traditional) or a pericardial window (PW) technique group. Pre-, intra-, peri- and postoperative clinical data were collected prospectively, ...
Huang Ye - - 2014
Many osteotomy methods and fixation types have been used to correct the misalignment observed in tibia vara and to achieve a more uniform distribution of weight across the knee joint.Purpose: The aim of this study is to test the efficacy and safety of a modified closing wedge high tibial osteotomy ...
Santodomingo-Rubido Jacinto J Clínica Oftalmológica Novovision (C.V-C., R.G-O.), Madrid, Spain; Universidad Europea de Madrid (C.V-C.), Madrid, Spain; School of Life and Health Sciences (B.G.), Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom; and Menicon Co., Ltd (J.S-R.), Madrid, - - 2014
To assess refractive and biometric changes 1 week after discontinuation of lens wear in subjects who had been wearing orthokeratology (OK) contact lenses for 2 years. Twenty-nine subjects aged 6 to 12 years and with myopia of -0.75 to -4.00 diopters (D) and astigmatism of ≤1.00 D participated in the ...
Leitritz Martin A MA University Eye-Hospital, Centre for Ophthalmology, Eberhard-Karls University, Schleichstr. 12, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany, - - 2014
To analyze the foveal surface using binary image analysis after spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) following 23-gauge macular surgery in epiretinal membranes (ERM) using either air tamponade (AIR) or balanced salt solution (BSS). One hundred twenty-four eyes (124 patients) with ERM that had undergone membrane peeling with installation of air ...
Ficklscherer Andreas A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of Munich-Campus Grosshadern, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of footprint spongialization and radiofrequency ablation on rotator cuff repair outcomes compared with an untreated group in a rat model. We randomly assigned 189 Sprague-Dawley rats to either a spongialization, radiofrequency ablation, or untreated group. After separation of the supraspinatus ...
Akay Fahrettin F 1Department of Ophthalmology, Izmir Military Hospital, Izmir, 2Department of Ophthalmology, GATA Medical Faculty, Ankara; - - 2014
Aim To investigate the effect of pseudophakia on visual electrophysiology. Methods Right eyes of 60 pseudophakic (study group) age- and sex-matched 60 phakic (control group) volunteers were included. Subjects without any ocular and systemic disease, who had visual acuity of more than 9/10 underwent full-field electroretinogram (ERG), pattern electroretinogram (PERG), ...
Lee Min Joung MJ Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, - - 2014
To evaluate the incidence and associated factors of functional failure of anatomically patent external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Prospective, nonrandomized case series. Thirty-four consecutive patients who underwent external DCR at the oculoplasty clinic in the Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital between December 2008 and July 2009. All patients underwent external ...
Hong Xin X Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Affiliated ZhongDa Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, - - 2014
To design a new type of interbody fusion device made of nickel titanium NiTi shape memory alloy and to compare segmental stiffness after various posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) procedures in vitro and in vivo. Twelve sheep lumbar functional spinal units were randomly allocated to four groups. One acted as ...
Cho Sooyoung S Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We conducted prospective, randomized, observer-blinded trial to compare two double-injection perivascular (PV) ultrasound-guided techniques of axillary brachial plexus block (BPB). American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, 50 patients undergoing surgery of the forearm, wrist or hand were randomly allocated to two groups. For PV12 group, injection was carried out ...
De-la-Peña J - - 2014
Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an effective but time-consuming treatment for early neoplasia that requires a high level of expertise.Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and learning curve of gastric ESD with a hybrid knife with high pressure water jet and to compare with ...
Jaime Ivone Maria de Lima - - 2014
To analyze the efficacy of Colgate Plax Whitening mouthwash containing 1.5% hydrogen peroxide. 30 enamel fragments, obtained from the proximal surfaces of human third molars were darkened with Orange II methyl orange. The fragments were divided into three groups according to the type of bleaching agent applied (n = 10): ...
Pronai Wolfgang W Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Nephrology, Dialysis Unit, Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brüder, Johannes von Gott Platz 1, 7001, Eisenstadt, Austria, - - 2014
ALTERNATE is an international observational study evaluating biweekly darbepoetin alfa (DA) in adult dialysis patients in clinical practice. Austrian ALTERNATE results are presented here (n = 505). The follow-up study ALTERNATE follow-up (AFU) followed Austrian ALTERNATE patients for an additional 12 months (n = 135). Data were collected 6 months before and 12 months ...
Veríssimo Pamella P Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Napoleão de Barros 715, 4o. andar, São Paulo, CEP 04024-002, - - 2014
Abdominal wall deformity secondary to pregnancy is multidirectional. Plication of the anterior rectus sheath is the most widely used technique for correction of this condition. However, it would be desirable to simultaneously perform the transverse and longitudinal repair of this deformity. The aim of this study was to assess changes ...
Zeng Ling-Qing LQ Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development (Ministry of Education), Key Laboratory of Aquatic Science of Chongqing, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, - - 2014
Many animals experience fasting because of the high temporal and spatial sporadicity of food availability. Once food is available, animals use external energy to restore their depressed functional performance. In the present study, the physiological and morphological responses to the first bout of refeeding in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis) ...
Hamaji Masatsugu M Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to clarify the short-term and mid-term outcomes of the modified Robicsek procedure using polypropylene mesh for adult pectus excavatum patients. Retrospective chart review was performed. Between 2001 and 2012, 46 consecutive adult patients underwent modified Ravitch repair using polypropylene mesh for pectus excavatum at ...
Rokošný S S Vascular and Transplant Surgery Department, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2008, a new technique of reinforced aneurysmorrhaphy with a polyester mesh tube for salvaging true aneurysmal arteriovenous (AV) haemodialysis access was described by us. In this study, the long-term patency and complication rates associated with this procedure were analysed, and the effect of reinforced aneurysmorrhaphy on high-flow vascular access ...
Shenoi Pratima Ramakrishna PR Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, VSPM's Dental College & Research Center, Nagpur, - - 2014
This study evaluated the efficacy of Endosolv-R and Xylene in softening epoxy resin based sealer after 1 to 2 min exposure. Sixty Teflon molds (6 mm × 1.5 mm in inner diameter and depth) were equally divided into 3 groups of 20 each. AH 26 (Dentsply/De Trey), AH Plus (Dentsply/De ...
Kida Kazunobu K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kochi Medical School, Kohasu Oko-cho, Nankoku, Kochi, 783-8505, Japan, - - 2014
To determine if cantilever transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (C-TLIF) using the crescent-shaped titanium interbody spacer (IBS) favors acquisition of segmental and lumbar lordosis even for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) on a long-term basis. We analyzed 23 consecutive patients who underwent C-TLIF with pedicle screw instrumentations fixed with compression for a single-level ...
Nemeth Gabor G Department of Ophthalmology, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen - - - 2014
<p><bold>Purpose:</bold> To assess astigmatism induced by paired opposite clear corneal incision (OCCI) compared to single incisions and to investigate factors on which its effect depends.</p><p><bold>Methods:</bold> The study comprised 326 eyes from 326 patients. In patients with &lt;1.0 D corneal astigmatism, clear corneal incision was performed (CC group, n = 245), ...
Bokoch Michael P MP Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco, 521 Parnassus Ave, C450, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0648, - - 2014
Lucas G.H.W. Can Anaesth Soc J 1960; 7: 237-56. To review the history of the early development of cyclopropane PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Cyclopropane was initially investigated because it was thought to be the toxic element in ethylene. Instead, it turned out to be an excellent anesthetic with very rapid onset and ...
Xue Kanmin K Oxford Eye Hospital, John Radcliffe Hospital , Headington, Oxford , United - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine whether application of the anti-proliferation agent, mitomycin C (MMC), to the osteotomy site during dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery increases surgical success rates. Method: We conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis of randomised controlled clinical studies relating to the adjunctive use of MMC in primary and revision, as well as ...
Zhang Jinlin J Department of Cardiology, Wuhan Asian Heart Hospital, Wuhan, - - 2014
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has been used to provoke dormant pulmonary vein (PV) conduction after circumferential pulmonary vein isolation(CPVI), However, there have been no systematic studies examining the incidence and the mechanism of ATP-induced atrial fibrillation (AF) following CPVI in paroxysmal AF. In this study, we explore the mechanism of ATP-induced ...
Komen Niels N Department of Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aim to determine if C-reactive protein (CRP), lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), and procalcitonin (PCT) in drain fluid can serve as screening tools for colorectal anastomotic leakage (CAL). Patients included in this multicenter prospective observational study underwent left hemicolectomy, sigmoid resection, high anterior resection, low anterior resection, or subtotal colectomy. During ...
Jeong In-Hye IH Department of Biological Science and Biotechnology, Hannam University, Daejeon, 305-811, Republic of - - 2014
The bacteria resident in sponges collected from Chuuk Lagoon and Kosrae Island of Micronesia were investigated using the 16S rRNA gene PCR-tagged pyrosequencing method. These sponges were clustered into 5 groups based on their bacterial composition. Diversity indexes and cumulative rank abundance curves showed the different compositions of bacterial communities ...
Nishitani Kohei K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Recognizing subtle cartilage changes in the preclinical stage of osteoarthritis (OA) is essential for early diagnosis. To this end, the ability of the ultrasound signal intensity to detect macroscopically undetectable cartilage change was investigated. In this study, cartilage of rabbit OA model and human OA samples was examined by macroscopic ...
Lee Sang Soo SS Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To date, it has been difficult to determine the optimal stenting duration of a fully covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) in a benign biliary stricture. The purpose of this study was to identify the histopathological changes in a bile duct resulting from long-term placement of a FCSEMS. An FCSEMS was ...
Li Yunfeng Y Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, - - 2014
Proportion of days covered (PDC), a commonly used adherence metric, does not provide information about the longitudinal course of adherence to treatment over time. Group-based trajectory model (GBTM) is an alternative method that overcomes this limitation. The statistical principles of GBTM and PDC were applied to assess adherence during a ...
Kazemi Babak B Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Introduction : Patients with hemodynamically significant mitral stenosis (MS) have prolonged P-wave duration and increased P-wave dispersion (PWD) that decrease after successful percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy (PBMV). The purpose of this study was to investigate if the changes in these indices may predict a successful procedure. Methods : Fifty two ...
Zhang Yuan Y Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
To retrospectively compare the efficacy of the titanium mesh cage (TMC) and the nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide66 cage (n-HA/PA66 cage) for 1- or 2-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) to treat multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM). A total of 117 consecutive patients with MCSM who underwent 1- or 2-level ACCF using a ...
Li L - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of human chromosome telomerase gene (hTERC) overexpression in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN1) natural prognosis. A total number of 2,499 women aged 30-49 years were screened in a population-based cervical cancer screening study from Jiangxi province rural sites. ...
Li Fei F Department of Mathematics, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, - - 2014
Based on the light relation between a normal subgroup and a complete congruence relation of a group, we consider the homomorphism problem of rough groups and rough quotient groups and investigate their operational properties. Some new results are obtained.
Dogan N - - 2014
Background: The aim of this study is to compare the motility of Roux limb with that of normal segment. Materials and methods: Rats were divided into 3 equal groups as control, Roux-en-Y (Group A) and Roux-en-Y with vagotomy (Group B). Only midline incision and manipulations were applied in control group. ...
Fiorentino Francesca F National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United - - 2014
Characterisation of anticoagulant control is fundamental to investigations of its association with clinical outcome. Anticoagulant control depends on several factors. This paper aims to illustrate the implications of different methods for measuring and analysing anticoagulant control in patients with second generation mechanical heart valve prostheses. International normalised ratio (INR) data ...
Seo Hyungseok H Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Although ultrasonography is recommended in internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization, the landmark-guided technique should still be considered. The central landmark using the two heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle is widely used, but it is inaccurate for IJV access. As an alternative landmark, we investigated the accuracy of the new landmark ...
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