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Hassan Ziad Z Orbi-Dent Health and Laser Center, Debrecen, - - 2014
To analyze the early results of a new device measuring ocular biomechanics after corneal refractive surgery. Thirty nine refractive surgery patients were enrolled in the study (age: 32.6±9.9 years). Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) was performed on 52 eyes of 26 patients and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) was done on 26 ...
Aïkpon Rock - - 2014
The National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) has been using pirimiphos methyl for the first time for indoor residual spraying (IRS) in Benin. The first round was a success with a significant decrease of entomological indicators of malaria transmission in the treated districts. We present the results of the entomological impact ...
Aslan Muzaffer M Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstasyon Mah. Turgut Özal Bulvarı No:11 Küçükçekmece, 34303 Istanbul, - - 2014
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases in adults. We prospectively evaluated early and mid-term effects of the percutaneous closure of secundum ASD on atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) and left atrial (LA) mechanical functions at the first day and sixth month in patients undergoing ...
Serrao Sebastiano S Fondazione G.B. Bietti IRCCS, Rome - - - 2014
To investigate the early changes of the anterior corneal wavefront aberration (WA) following femtosecond laser clear corneal incision (FS-CCI) for cataract surgery. Twenty consecutive patients (20 eyes) with cataract underwent phacoemulsification and were divided into 2 groups: the study group received a 2.75-mm FS-CCI using an iFS Intralase; the control ...
Saito Takehisa T *Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, †Research and Education Program for Life Science, and ‡Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Fukui, - - 2014
To elucidate the degeneration process of fungiform taste buds after severing the chorda tympani nerve (CTN) by confocal laser scanning microscopy in vivo. Prospective study. University hospital. Seven consecutive patients whose CTN was severed during tympanoplasty for middle ear cholesteatoma. Diagnostic. Preoperative and postoperative gustatory functions were assessed by electrogustometry ...
Cho Jin Sun JS Departments of 1Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine and 2Cardiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; and 3Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Sympathetic hyperactivation during tracheal intubation prolongs the QT interval and increases the risk of arrhythmias. We investigated if dexmedetomidine pretreatment affected autonomic nervous system balance and QT intervals during intubation. Sixty-six patients were randomized to receive 1.0 μg/kg fentanyl (group F, n = 22), 0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine (group D0.5, n ...
Kindo Michel M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospitals of Strasbourg, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence regarding the behavior of fibrinogen levels and the relation between fibrinogen levels and postoperative bleeding is limited in cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To evaluate perioperative fibrinogen levels as a predictor of postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. In this prospective, single-center, observational cohort study ...
Ding Yin Y Department of Spine Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 1838 North Guangzhou Avenue, 510515, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Evidence has shown that osteoporosis or intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) led to cartilage endplate lesions (CEL), but their combined effects on the lesion remain unknown. This study developed an innovative rat model combined ovariectomy (OVX) and cervical muscle section (CMS), and aimed to evaluate the combined effects of osteoporosis and ...
Farrokhi Shawn S Human Movement Research Laboratory, Departments of Physical Therapy & Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate knee joint contact mechanics and kinematics during the loading response phase of downhill gait in knee osteoarthritis patients with self-reported instability. Forty-three subjects, 11 with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis and self-reported instability (unstable), 7 with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis but no reports of instability (stable), and 25 without ...
Bilinski Robyn T RT Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
We report on a series of emergency and reinforcing cerclages using a novel double cerclage technique. A 5-year prospective cohort study was conducted on pregnant women with cervical insufficiency managed with our novel double cerclage technique. Eligible patients with cervical dilation of 1-4 cm before 24 weeks of gestation and ...
Sata Sojiro S Department of Pediatric Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Deutsches Kinderherzzentrum Sankt Augustin, Sankt Augustin, - - 2014
Background Restrictive atrial septal defect (ASD) is described as risk factor for Norwood procedure because of elevated pulmonary resistance. We hypothesized that it invariably could not cause pulmonary hypertension, unless it was combined with mitral valve or aortic valve atresia. We investigated how restrictive ASD influenced survival of patients with hypoplastic ...
Rajca Sylvie S 1Sorbonne Universités - UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM ERL 1157, CNRS UMR 7203 LBM and Inflammation-Immunopathology-Biotherapy Department (DHU i2B), CHU Saint-Antoine, Paris, France; 2Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège, Liège, Belgium; 3Université Lille Nord de France and CHRU Lille, Lille, France; 4Hôpital Nord, Centre d'investigation clinique Marseille Nord, Université Méditerranée, Marseille, France; 5INSERM U853, Hôpital Beaujon, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, Clichy, France; 6Université Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; 7Hôpital Nord, Amiens, France; 8Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil, France; 9Hôpital Trousseau, Tours, France; 10Hôpital Saint-Eloi, Montpellier, France; 11Hôtel Dieu, Nantes, France; 12Hôpital Charles Nicolle, Université de Rouen, Rouen, France; 13Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; 14University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium; 15Université François Rabelais de Tours, Tours, France; 16Hôpital Saint-Louis, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France; 17INSERM U717, Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France; and 18Icahn Medical School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New - - 2014
Crohn's disease (CD)-associated dysbiosis could predispose patients to relapse. Gut microbiota composition of patients from the prospective cohort study designed to identify predictive factors of clinical relapse after infliximab discontinuation (STORI Study) was investigated to determine the impact of dysbiosis in CD relapse. Fecal samples from 33 patients with CD ...
Sairaku Akinori A Department of Cardiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, - - 2014
It is uncertain whether rate or rhythm control is more favorable for patients experiencing tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) secondary to rapid atrial fibrillation (AF). We compared the electrophysiological and hemodynamic properties and outcome after AF ablation in 20 patients with a history of decompensated TIC who maintained sinus rhythm or had ...
Maheshwari Aditya V AV Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
The use of barbed sutures has become increasingly popular; however, their efficacy and safety continues to be debated. We review the records of 333 primary total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) to determine the difference in wound closure and total operative time between patients closed with a barbed versus standard sutures. We ...
Pithwa Yogesh K YK Spine Surgery, HOSMAT Hospital, Bangalore, India, - - 2014
To evaluate difference in accuracy of pedicle screw insertion in thoracic and lumbosacral spine using a straight pedicle probe vis-à-vis a curved one. Prospective, comparative, non-randomized, single-blind study. Straight and curved pedicle probes used on opposite sides of same vertebra in patients undergoing thoracolumbar pedicle screw fixation for various indications. ...
Coulter Ian C IC Department of Neurosurgery, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, TS4 3BW, UK, - - 2014
Cranioplasty is undertaken as a routine secondary operation following craniectomy. At a time when decompressive craniectomy is being evaluated by several large trials, we aimed to evaluate the morbidity associated with cranioplasty and investigate its potential effect on outcome. The outcomes of 166 patients undergoing cranioplasty at two centres in ...
Kokuryo Shinya S Division of Oral Medicine, Department of Physical Functions, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu, - - 2014
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the predictability and accuracy of maxillary repositioning during bimaxillary surgery using a three-dimensional positioning technique. Twenty-six adult patients who underwent bimaxillary surgery requiring high superior maxillary impactions were divided into 2 groups. In group A, a three-dimensional positioning technique during maxillary ...
Wu Guofeng - - 2014
The effects of performing a minimally invasive procedure at different stages after intracerebral hemorrhage on perihematomal MMP-9 expression and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability were evaluated. Sixty rabbits were randomly distributed into a model control group (MC group, 30 rabbits) or a minimally invasive group (MI group, 30 rabbits). A model ...
Caton Jacques H JH Clinique Emilie de Vialar, 116 rue Antoine Charial, 69003, Lyon, France, - - 2014
Mid- and long-term follow-up of Charnley total hip arthroplasty (THA) demonstrated good functional results with 85 % survivorship at 25-year follow-up. However, dislocation still remains an unsolved problem. Dislocation may occur throughout the patient's and implant's life. The aim of this study is to answer the question: does a dual mobility ...
Pontier J-M JM Diving and hyperbaric department, French Navy Diving School, BP 311, 83800 Toulon, - - 2014
Previous studies have highlighted a decreased exhaled nitric oxide concentration (FE NO) in divers after hyperbaric exposure in a dry chamber or following a wet dive. The underlying mechanisms of this decrease remain however unknown. The aim of this study was to quantify the separate effects of submersion, hyperbaric hyperoxia ...
Benderli Cihan Yasemin Y Clinic of Radiation Oncology Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, Kayseri-Turkey. - - 2014
This experimental study aims to investigate whether radiotherapy (RT) plus trastuzumab (T) followed by subsequent hormonotherapy increase the cumulative toxic effect on cardiac functions in rats. A total of 70 Wistar Albino female rats with a mean weight 213±27 g were randomly divided into equal seven groups. The first group ...
Ren Chunpeng C Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 37 Guoxue Rd, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The purpose of our study was to compare lumbar fusion and motion-preserving procedures to determine whether lumbar fusion may be associated with a higher prevalence of adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) or adjacent segment disease (ASDis). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis for articles published up to July 2013. We ...
Virtanen Lauri L aCoagulation Disorders, Department of Hematology bDepartment of Clinical Chemistry (HUSLAB Laboratory Services), Helsinki University Central Hospital cCoxa Hospital for Joint Replacement, Tampere, - - 2014
Fondaparinux, indirect factor Xa (FXa) inhibitor, is recommended for thromboprophylaxis for high-risk patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery. We evaluated the prothrombotic state and anticoagulant intensity of fondaparinux (2.5 mg daily) after total hip replacement (THR). Twenty patients underwent THR - seven bilateral and 13 unilateral. Blood samples were collected preoperatively and ...
Schwartz Daniel Grant DG Florida Orthopaedic Institute, Shoulder and Elbow Service, Tampa, FL, USA; The Sports Medicine Clinic, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has proven to be a useful yet inconsistent tool to manage a variety of pathologic conditions. Factors believed to lead to poor postoperative range of motion (ROM) may be associated with preoperative diagnosis, poor preoperative ROM, and surgical factors such as inability to lengthen the arm. ...
Maia Ana Marly Araújo AM Dentistry Department, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the erosion-inhibiting effect of two toothpastes on the development of erosion-like lesions, by a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Forty human enamel blocks were divided into five groups (n = 8), in accordance to evaluate the GC MI Paste Plus and Oral B with ...
Standifird Tyler W TW Biomechanics/Sports Medicine Laboratory; Dept. of Exercise, Sport and Leisure Studies; The University of - - 2014
The purpose of this review was to summarize the biomechanical adaptations during stair ambulation that occur after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Articles were identified by searching PubMed and Web of Science. During stair ascent, knee flexion angle at heel strike and walking velocity were reduced in TKA subjects compared to ...
Shao Chunyi C Department of Ophthalmology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of - - 2014
To investigate the dynamic changes of tear fluid after cosmetic transcutaneous lower blepharoplasty. Prospective, Observational Case Series study. A total of 60 eyes of 30 patients with transcutaneous lower blepharoplasty were involved in the study. All subjects completed the Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire and underwent tear film breakup time ...
Gopalan Yogheswaran Y From the Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Selangor, Malaysia (Y.G.); Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Penang, Malaysia (I.L.S., E.M., M.A.A., M.R.A.B.); School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia (N.A.K.K., K.H.Y.); Hovid Research Sdn Bhd, Ipoh, Malaysia (J.W.W., B.H.N.); Malaysian Palm Oil Council (K.S.); Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (C.K.); Buckinghamshire Healthcare, NHS Trust, Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom - - 2014
Previous cell-based and animal studies showed mixed tocotrienols are neuroprotective, but the effect is yet to be proven in humans. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the protective activity of mixed tocotrienols in humans with white matter lesions (WMLs). WMLs are regarded as manifestations of cerebral small vessel disease, ...
Jackson Gregory R GR *PhD †BS ‡MD, MPH §COA ∥MD Penn State Hershey Eye Center, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania (GRJ, IUS, LEW, DAQ); Department of Ophthalmology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama (MEC); and Translational Medicine, Novartis Institute for BioMedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts - - 2014
A sensitive endpoint is required for clinical trials evaluating preventative therapies for early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Dark adaptation (DA) is a sensitive marker of AMD and has been proposed as a potential endpoint. This study evaluated whether significant changes in DA speed could be detected in participants with early ...
Parvex Paloma - - 2014
Background: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) is a main cause leading to endstage renal disease (ESRD) during childhood occurring at a frequency of 1 in every 500 pregnancies. No early predictive markers of long-term renal function (RF) are validated in these neonates. The aim of this ...
S Jialiang J Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
We evaluated a pattern for connecting a hemofiltration apparatus after the ECMO oxygenator and observed the effects on the levels of inflammatory cytokines. All animals were anesthetized and ventilated, were randomly divided into 3 groups and observed for 24 h: S group (n = 6) received cannulation and heparin infusion; ...
Berho Mariana M 1Department of Pathology, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida 2Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida 3PathoVet, Rehovot, Israel 4novoGi, Netanya, Israel 5Department of Surgery, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
The performances of compression and stapled devices were compared previously in porcine colorectal anastomosis. The compression anastomosis was associated with elevated bursting strength and anastomotic patency in this model as compared with the stapled anastomosis. The purpose of this work was to compare the histopathologic features between compression and stapled ...
Garg A A Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Aims: To compare the clinical efficacy of two space maintainers namely, conventional band and loop and Fiber Reinforced Composite Resin (FRCR) space maintainers . Subjects and Methods: Thirty healthy children, aged 5 to 8 years were selected having at least two deciduous molars in different quadrants indicated for extraction or ...
Garrison J Craig JC Texas Health Ben Hogan Sports Medicine, Fort Worth, TX, - - 2014
It is not clear whether the addition of hip strengthening exercises will improve outcomes during the early stages of ACL rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the addition of isolated hip strengthening exercises to traditional rehabilitation on early outcomes (within the first 3 months) ...
Saritas Aykut - - 2014
To determine whether the addition of 8 mg dexamethasone to axillary brachial plexus block would prolong the duration of sensory and motor block in patients undergoing hand and forearm surgery. The prospective, randomised, double-blinded study was conducted at the Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Turkey, from October 2008 to December ...
Shenoy Erica S - - 2014
No published systematic reviews have assessed the natural history of colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). Time to clearance of colonization has important implications for patient care and infection control policy. We performed parallel searches in OVID Medline for studies that reported the time to documented ...
Hoyek Nady N Centre de Recherche et d'Innovation sur le Sport-Laboratoire de la Performance Motrice, Mentale et du Matériel, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, - - 2014
Three-dimensional (3D) digital animations were used to teach the human musculoskeletal system to first year kinesiology students. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of this method by comparing two groups from two different academic years during two of their official required anatomy examinations (trunk and upper ...
Qi Jiashan J From the *Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China; and †Departmentof Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
This prospective, randomized, single-blinded study evaluates the effectiveness of the ultrasound-guided bilateral thoracic paravertebral (BTPV) block for providing postoperative pain control in children undergoing the Nuss procedure. Thirty American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II children with pectus excavatum, scheduled for the Nuss procedure, were enrolled at West China Hospital of Sichuan ...
Kwon T-G TG Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of porous polyethylene (PPE) in paranasal augmentation on midfacial soft tissue architecture. This retrospective study recruited patients with midface retrusion and mandibular prognathism. Twenty adult patients who had undergone bilateral PPE augmentation (ready-made type, thickness 4.5mm, Medpor) to the piriform ...
Sumner D Rick DR Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Rush University Medical Center, 600 South Paulina, Suite 507, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA, - - 2014
Identification of biomarkers associated with wear and tribocorrosion in joint arthroplasty would be helpful to enhance early detection of aseptic loosening and/or osteolysis and to improve understanding of disease progression. There have been several new reports since the last systematic review (which covered research through mid-2008) justifying a new assessment. ...
Neely C D CD Department of Clinical Sciences, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS - - 2014
Cross-bred horned steers and heifers (n = 40; BW = 311.8 ± 4.7 kg) were used to determine the effect of dehorning methods on pain, cattle behavior, and wound healing. Cattle were blocked by weight and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments: 1) control (CON); 2) banded using high ...
Brunocilla E E Departamento de Urología, Universidad de Bolonia, Hospital S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bolonia, - - 2014
To evaluate the influence of preservation of the muscular internal sphincter and proximal urethra on continence recovery after radical prostatectomy (RP). Fifty-five consecutive patients with organ confined prostate cancer were submitted to RP with the preservation of muscular internal sphincter and the proximal urethra (group 1) and compared to 55 ...
Haiqin Mao M Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow - - 2014
Although intradiscal cement leakage is a common complication of spine augmentation, the effects of cement leakage into the intervertebral disc (IVD) have not been well investigated. This study aimed to determine the effects of cement leakage on IVD degeneration in rabbits. Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) particles were injected into lumbar ...
Dello Russo Antonio A Cardiac Arrhythmia Research Centre, Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, Via Parea 4, 20138, Milan, - - 2014
Contact with cardiac tissue is a determinant of lesion efficacy during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The Sensei®X Robotic Catheter System (Hansen Medical, CA) has been validated for contact force sensing. The electrical coupling index (ECI) from the EnSite Contact™ system (St. Jude Medical, MN) has been validated as an indicator ...
Shtein Roni M RM From the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences (Shtein, Hussain, Cooney, Elner, Hood), Kellogg Eye Center, and the Department of Pathology (Elner), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether preoperative iris vasculature and morphology are altered in patients who have taken tamsulosin (Flomax). Academic multispecialty practice. Case series. Patients with current or past tamsulosin use and age- and sex-matched control patients were included. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and iris fluorescein angiography were performed to ...
Bytyqi Dafina D Université de Lyon, 69622, Lyon, France, - - 2014
Although kinematic changes in the sagittal plane of the osteoarthritic knee (OA) have been elucidated, very few studies have analysed changes in the frontal and horizontal planes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate in vivo 3D knee kinematics during walking in patients wth knee OA. Thirty patients ...
Le David H DH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, 450 Broadway Street, Redwood, CA, 94063, USA, - - 2014
Historically, polyethylene wear and its sequelae (osteolysis, late instability, aseptic loosening) were common causes for revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Recently, polyethylene manufacturing has become more consistent; furthermore, a clearer understanding of the importance of oxidation on polyethylene performance led to packaging of the polyethylene bearings in an inert environment. ...
Lee Dong Hoon DH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Severance Hospital, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, 134 Sinchondong, CPO Box 8044, Seoul, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
The Intramedullary Skeletal Kinetic Distractor (ISKD) (Orthofix Inc, Lewisville, TX, USA) is an intramedullary device designed for more comfortable limb lengthening than that with external fixators; lengthening is achieved with this nail using rotational oscillation between two telescoping sections. However, the degree to which this device achieves this goal and ...
Kim Eunyoung E Division of Surgery, Thyroid Center, National Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
Background The behavior and optimal management of papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs) following thyroidectomy remain unclear. This study compared the clinicopathologic features and tumor recurrence rates of patients with PTMCs ≤5 mm and >5mm in diameter following total thyroidectomy. Methods A group of patients with PTMCs ≤5 mm (n=83) has been ...
Mesko Nathan W NW Department of Orthopaedic surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to identify demographic or care process variables associated with increased 30-day readmission within the total hip and knee arthroplasty patient population. Using this information, we generated a model to predict 30-day readmission risk following total hip and knee arthroplasty procedures. Longer index length of stay, discharge disposition to ...
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