Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1391
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Yoshida Yuri - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cross-sectional study. BACKGROUND: In the early stages after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), quadriceps strength of the operated limb decreases and is substantially lower than the non-operated limb. This asymmetry in strength is related to asymmetrical movement patterns that increase the reliance on the non-operated limb. Over time, ...
Gu Yutong - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: An in vivo animal experimental study. OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the hydroxyapatite (HA) coating in a modified fusion cage in improving the results of cervical intervertebral fusion as well as role of combination of IGF-I and TGF-β1 treatment in a goat cervical spine interbody fusion model. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: ...
Lee Jung-Hyun - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. The objective of this study was to compare the caries risk profiles obtained from the simplified Cariogram models and the conventional Cariogram model of Korean dental patients. Materials and methods. Data required for a caries risk assessment with the Cariogram were collected from 80 young adult patients (mean: ...
Hernández-Romero Diana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of necrosis and inflammation have been found raised after radiofrequency ablation (RF). There is scarce information on biomarkers' behavior after cryoablation. Our aim was to study biomarkers of necrosis, inflammation, and interstitial remodeling after two different approaches: RF versus cryoablation. METHODS: We studied 22 consecutive patients with atrial ...
Smith T O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study firstly aimed to determine whether proprioception deficits, as measured by joint position sense (JPS), occur in people following recurrent patellar dislocations. Secondly, to determine whether JPS changes following medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFL) reconstruction for patellar instability. METHODS: Thirty people following recurrent patellar dislocation were recruited. Pre-operative ...
Chen Wei-Ping - - 2012
Stigmasterol has been shown exihbit anti-osteoarthritic properties in vitro studies. However, the in vivo effects of stigmasterol on cartilage are still unclear. This study investigated the anti-osteoarthritic properties of stigmasterol on cartilage degradation in a rabbit model of osteoarthritis (OA). Twenty rabbits underwent bilateral anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) to ...
Watanabe Yusuke - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the performance of the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (ESII) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND: The ESII was developed recently to improve the predictive value of the original logistic EuroSCORE (LES). METHODS: Between October ...
Shapiro Susan E - - 2012
Heritable dysfibrinogenaemia (HD) is a rare qualitative disorder of fibrinogen (FGN). To better describe the clinical, laboratory and genotypic spectrum of HD, we evaluated 35 subjects identified at two UK centres using laboratory criteria. 12/35(34%) subjects with HD experienced bleeding (bleeding score >1 at any site), 3/35(9%) thrombosis and 20/35(57%) ...
Liu Yongzhe - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is thought to be a transitional stage between normal aging and the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies have suggested that the inhalational anesthetic isoflurane can induce caspase activation and apoptosis, increase aggregates of β-amyloid (Aβ) levels, and enhance Aβ aggregation. The aim ...
Lustig S - - 2012
PURPOSE: In contrast to radiographic measurements, MRI provides multiple slices of the knee joint in the sagittal plane, making it possible to assess the medial and lateral tibial slope separately. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) on bony and ...
Getz Anne E AE Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
Lateralization of the middle turbinate is a commonly cited factor leading to failure of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Inadequate medialization during FESS may require repeat intraoperative attempts, and may lead to destabilization and mucosal trauma. A novel technique is described that increases middle meatal area and provides more definitive ...
Kadoglou Nikolaos P E - - 2012
Purpose : To assess changes in pulse wave velocity (PWV), a valid index of arterial stiffness, in patients undergoing endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Arterial stiffness is an independent marker of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Methods : Forty-eight consecutive male patients (mean age 71±4 ...
Jahng Geon-Ho - - 2012
Purpose: Mapping of the distribution of local susceptibility strength could be very important in understanding the mechanisms of progression in neurodegenerative diseases, due to depositions of iron and iron-containing plaques. The goal of this study is to map the voxelwise distribution of local cross-term b-value (b(c)) effect caused by interactions ...
Dodge Kelly L - - 2012
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine whether junior residents had higher rates of first cannulation and overall success at central venous catheter insertions with the use of ultrasound (US) guidance compared to the landmark technique. Methods- We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a prospective randomized ...
Anegundi Rajesh T - - 2012
This study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of Papacárie(®) for caries removal as compared to the conventional method with respect to microbial flora, time, the amount of tissue removal, child's behavior, pain perception, and preference of treatment. Sixty primary molars of 30 children of age 4-9 years were selected ...
Wang Guohui - - 2012
To understand the effect of mechanical stimulation on posterior scleral reinforcement (PSR), rabbit scleral fibroblasts after PSR were subjected to stretch in vitro, and the viscoelastic behavior of scleral fibroblasts was evaluated. Three-week-old rabbits were monocularly treated by eyelid suturation randomly to prepare the experimental myopia eyes. After 60 days, ...
Bond Dale S DS Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, The Miriam Hospital/Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA. - - 2013
Sedentary behavior (SB), independent of physical activity, represents a significant health risk. We previously used objective measures to demonstrate that bariatric surgery candidates engage in high levels of SB overall, but supplementing these measures with subjective reports would provide information about time allocated to different forms of SB. The aim ...
Gil-Carrasco F - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the fluctuations in 24h mean intraocular pressure (IOP) when switching prostaglandin analogues in patients with glaucoma. METHODS: Fourteen patients with primary open angle glaucoma were evaluated with monthly 24-hour IOP curves, using a monthly switching pattern of prostaglandin analogues and brinzolamide during 3 years of follow-up. RESULTS: ...
Hegde Rashmi - - 2012
Background: Gingival melanin depigmentation procedures are commonly associated with recurrence of pigmentation, which starts with migration of melanocytes from the adjacent free gingiva. The extent and rate of recurrence varies according to the treatment modalities used and duration of follow-up. The aim of the study was to compare the Surgical ...
Dreher Thomas - - 2012
Adverse effects such as increased anterior pelvic tilt (APT) are reported after muscle-tendon lengthening (MTL) for the correction of flexed knee gait in cerebral palsy. The conversion of biarticular muscles (CBM) to monoarticular muscles represents an alternative treatment, but only few short-term results have been published, without comparison with MTL. ...
Chen Bihua - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Transthoracic impedance (TTI) is a principal parameter that influences the intracardiac current flow and defibrillation outcome. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the performance of current-based impedance compensation defibrillation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: ECG recordings, along with TTI measurements were collected from multiple emergency medical services ...
Egerton Thorlene T Centre for Health Exercise & Sports Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, VIC, Australia. - - 2013
When considering arthroscopic surgery for treatment of hip pain, it is important to understand the influence of joint degeneration on the likelihood of success. Previous research has shown poorer outcomes among patients with osteoarthritis but new arthroscopic techniques including femoroacetabular impingement correction and microfracture may lead to better arthroscopic outcomes. ...
Renfree Andrew - - 2012
PURPOSE: To analyse pacing strategies displayed by athletes achieving differing levels of performance during an elite level marathon race. METHODS: Competitors in the 2009 IAAF Women's Marathon Championship were split into Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 comprising the first, second, third, and fourth 25% of finishers respectively. Final, intermediate, ...
Irazabal Maria V MV Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, - - 2013
Selective urinary biomarkers have been considered superior to total proteinuria in predicting response to treatment and outcome in patients with membranous nephropathy (MN). We prospectively tested whether urinary (U) excretion of retinol-binding protein (RBP), α1-microglobulin (α1M), albumin, immunoglobulin IgG and IgM and/or anti-phospholipase 2 receptor (PLA(2)R) levels could predict response ...
Voscopoulos Christopher - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Current airway management for most first-responder basic emergency medical technicians (EMT-Bs) does not include the use of blind-advanced-airway devices. OBJECTIVE: To compare the speed, success rates, and skill retention with which EMT-Bs providers can place three blind-advanced-airway devices. METHODS: Prospective study of 43 EMT-Bs trained in the use of ...
Arora S - - 2012
In this 12-month multicenter Scandinavian study, 78 maintenance heart transplant (HTx) recipients randomized to everolimus with reduced calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) exposure or continued standard CNI-therapy underwent matched virtual histology (VH) examination to evaluate morphological progression of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Parallel measurement of a range of inflammatory markers was also ...
Gasper Warren J WJ Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0222, - - 2013
Successful adaptation of a vein graft to an arterial environment is incompletely understood. We sought to investigate whether early vein graft remodeling is predictive of subsequent patency. A prospective longitudinal study was conducted of 67 patients undergoing lower extremity bypass with autogenous vein between February 2004 and April 2008. Preoperative ...
Cho Hyun-Kyung - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the progression rates of superior and inferior hemifield defects and each hemifield in bihemifield defects in normal-tension glaucoma patients and to compare the progression rates of each hemifield between groups in eyes with similar baseline hemifield defects. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cohort study. METHODS: Medical records of 142 ...
Hang Junbiao - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to dynamically observe hemodynamic and medium-term pathomorphological changes and to investigate the pathophysiological variation at the vascular anastomotic stoma. Eighteen New Zealand white rabbits underwent right common carotid artery in situ anastomosis, and the hemodynamic changes of anastomotic stoma were recorded by color Doppler ...
Burghardt R D - - 2012
Internal lengthening devices in the femur lengthen along the anatomical axis, potentially creating lateral shift of the mechanical axis. We aimed to determine whether femoral lengthening along the anatomical axis has an inadvertent effect on lower limb alignment. Isolated femoral lengthening using the Intramedullary Skeletal Kinetic Distractor was performed in ...
Sharma Deepa - - 2012
This study examined the effects of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and moniliformin (M) on the heart of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Three hundred and ninety day-old Japanese quail were randomly divided into four groups: 1) FB1 alone (FX), 2) M alone (MX), 3) FB1 and M (FM), and 4) chick ...
Pornrattanamaneewong Chaturong - - 2012
Medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) is the commonly used angle, which is simply measured from the knee radiographs. It can determine the correction angle in medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO). The hypothesis of our study is that post-osteotomy MPTA can predict the change in correction angle, and we ...
Boudjemline Younes - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We report the safety and feasibility of various transcatheter techniques of cavocaval connection in principle for the completion of Fontan circulation in viable, chronic and ovine heart models. Surgically simulated preparations of both intracardiac and extracardiac cavocaval connections were studied. METHODS: Sixteen sheep were divided into two groups per the ...
Bechard Daniel J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: (1) Test the hypothesis that walking poles decrease the external knee adduction moment during gait in patients with varus gonarthrosis, and (2) explore potential mechanisms. DESIGN: Thirty-four patients with medial compartment knee OA and varus alignment underwent three dimensional (3D) gait analysis with and without using walking poles. Conditions ...
Ransom Evan R - - 2012
This study aimed to assess quantitative changes in lower-eyelid aesthetics after a transtemporal midface lift concomitant with transconjunctival blepharoplasty and lower-eyelid skin pinch. The study enrolled 55 consecutive patients who underwent a transtemporal midface lift and concurrent transconjunctival blepharoplasty with lower-eyelid skin pinch. All the surgeries were performed over a ...
Sato Junko - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate trigger digits with sonography to determine morphological changes in the A1 pulley, flexor tendon, and volar plate in relation to the severity of triggering. METHODS: We evaluated 67 trigger digits and graded them into 1 of 4 groups. We compared the groups according to severity and to ...
Pithon Matheus Melo - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of different concentrations of chlorhexidine on the decline in force of orthodontic elastics. Materials and Methods: In a laboratory study, five groups of samples were tested, with one control group represented by distilled water (group 1) and four experimental groups: 0.12% manipulated chlorhexidine (group ...
Kimura Masayo - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report the morphologic changes of the subfoveal choroidal thickness using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography following segmental scleral buckling. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: The study included 21 eyes of 20 patients who underwent segmental scleral buckling for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. All patients underwent the ...
Kilic Erdem - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare dental and skeletal changes in surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE) patients with (+PP) and without (-PP) pterygomaxillary disjunction. STUDY DESIGN: The study casts of 18 maxillary constriction patients indicated for SARPE formed the sample of this retrospective review. ...
Demir Tuncer - - 2012
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a disease characterized by skin and internal organ involvement. There is progressive accumulation of extracellular matrix components in the skin and involved organs. Tissue fibrosis is the prominent reason for mortality, and still, there is no satisfactory treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Roldán-Pallarés M - - 2012
To find models that will explain the variability in postoperative visual acuity (VA) (logarithmic: logMAR) associated with unilateral primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD). This was a prospective clinical cohort study of 33 patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR: PVR<C3) and 33 without PVR, all of whom were candidates for scleral buckling ...
Paulauskiene Iveta - - 2012
The objective of the study was to assess and perceive the vocal and pharyngeal symptoms and acoustic changes of voice after short-term endotracheal intubation and to evaluate the relation between these changes and the endotracheal tube parameters, number of intubation attempts, duration of anaesthesia, experience of anaesthesiologist. A total of ...
Atik Bekir - - 2012
Silicon rods initially advocated by Hunter have been widely used in two-stage flexor tendon reconstruction. Two-stage tendoplasty is an expensive procedure; with the addition of the high cost of rods, it is still more expensive. An experimental study investigated cheaper alternatives to silicon rods, but no clinical studies seem to ...
Gunduz Abuzer - - 2012
Evaluation of the morphological changes in conjunctival surface epithelial cells with impression cytology in Behçet's disease patients. A total of 89 eyes of 89 subjects were included. These consisted of 56 patients with inactive Behçet's disease (group 1) and a control group of 33 age- and sex-matched subjects (group 2). ...
Jovanović Svetlana V - - 2012
Two clinical forms of the "white spot" syndrome in patients with posterior uveitis in definitive and presumable ocular sarcoidosis were analyzed. Group 1 was characterized by periphlebitis and discrete white spots around the vein of the retina, so-called "candle-wax", whereas group 2 showed yellow-orange solitary nodules located at the choroid, ...
Pan Ju-Hung - - 2013
This study aimed at comparing the transverse and sagittal angulations of proximal segment after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO), and examining their influences on the stability of distal segment. Patients who received SSRO (n = 21) or IVRO (n = 11) for mandibular setback were included. Lateral and ...
Kim Y I - - 2012
We designed this experimental study to assess the mucosal protective effects of continuous prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) infusion after canine small bowel autotransplantation. Six Mongrel dogs were randomly divided two groups: PGI2 (n = 3) and control (n = 3). The small bowel from jejunum to ileum was obtained, including the ...
Soria Federico - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of CO(2) during double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) in an experimental animal model study. In this study, insufflation with room air and with CO(2) was compared. Twenty healthy swines were used. The animals were randomly allocated to two groups. ...
Taş Adnan - - 2012
AIM: Scattered white spots (SWSs) in the descending duodenum are an uncommon finding of upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy (UGSE). Intestinal lymphangiectasia, chronic nonspecific duodenitis and giardiasis are associated with a SWS appearance. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of SWS during routine endoscopy, as well as ...
Zheng Xiaozhi - - 2012
The aim of the study was to describe the shear wave velocity (SWV) values of the penis by virtual touch tissue quantification (VTTQ) and to examine the clinical usefulness of this procedure in evaluation of the rigidity changes in penile erection. PATIENTS AND METHODS.: VTTQ was performed in 37 healthy ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >