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Vandeput Steven S Department of Electrical Engineering-ESAT, SCD-SISTA, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium and iMinds Future Health Department, Leuven, - - 2013
Spaceflight causes changes in the cardiovascular control system. The aim of this study was to evaluate postflight recovery of linear and nonlinear neural markers of heart rate modulation, with a special focus on day-night variations. Twenty-four-hour Holter ECG recordings were obtained in 8 astronauts participating in space missions aboard the ...
Rajati M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mastoid pneumatization is reduced in most patients suffering from chronic otitis media (COM). In most studies, the relationship between the degree of pneumatization and the distance of the sigmoid sinus from the external auditory canal has been examined, yielding different results. This study addresses the relationship between COM and ...
Engvall Inga-Lill - - 2012
Objective. To study the effects of low-dose prednisolone on the osteoclast-regulating proteins osteoprotegerin (OPG) and RANK ligand (RANKL) and on markers of bone resorption, 1CTP generated by MMPs and CTX-1 generated by cathepsin K, in patients with early RA in relation to inflammation and joint destruction.Methods. In 225 patients, who ...
Grommes Jochen - - 2012
ABSTRACT Purpose: If a colonic or small bowel lesion is not accessible for endoscopic mucosal resection, enterotomy is a possible although rarely performed surgical technique. It has never been compared to circular anastomosis regarding leakage rate, bowel wall perfusion, and wound healing. Thus, the aim of this basic experimental scientific ...
Pandhi Nikhil G - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Treatment for acromioclavicular (AC) joint pain may include distal clavicle excision (DCE). It is possible that DCE can disrupt the surrounding ligaments, leading to increased AC joint laxity. PURPOSE:To determine the load to failure and stiffness of the AC joint after DCE and symmetric acromioclavicular joint resection (ACJR). STUDY DESIGN:Controlled ...
Kim Sang-Hyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A manufacturer of atorvastatin is seeking marketing approval in Korea of a generic product for adult patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of a new generic formulation of atorvastatin (test) with those of an original formulation of atorvastatin ...
Perry Kyle A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anastomotic leak and stricture after esophagectomy remains high. Gastric devascularization followed by delayed esophageal resection has been proposed to minimize these complications. We investigated the effect of ischemic conditioning duration on anastomotic wound healing in an animal model of esophagogastrectomy. METHODS: North American opossums were randomized ...
Lau Darryl - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Mesh cages have commonly been used for reconstruction after corpectomy. Recently, expandable cages have become a popular alternative. Regardless of cage type, subsidence is a concern following cage placement. OBJECTIVE:: To assess whether subsidence rates differ between static and expandable cages, and identify independent risk factors for subsidence and ...
Hoefkens Mirjam F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Incomplete excision of a basal cell carcinoma (BCC) remains a frustrating problem. Various attempts have been made to decrease the rate of incomplete excisions, including the use of loupe magnification. METHOD: A prospective, controlled study is presented, which was designed to evaluate whether loupe magnification (×3.5) leads to a ...
Daniilidis Kiriakos K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Annastift Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. - - 2013
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is regularly associated with favorable outcomes, considerable research efforts are still underway to improve its ability to achieve a neutral postoperative mechanical axis. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) was introduced with this and other goals in mind. The current retrospective study was designed to determine whether PSI ...
Kim Changhwan C Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
To date, no clinical parameter has been associated with the decline in lung function other than emphysema severity in COPD. The main purpose of this study was to explore whether the rate of lung function decline differs between COPD patients with and without exertional desaturation. A total of 224 subjects ...
Jeon Eun-Ju - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of Bell's palsy (BP) has not yet been clarified, although viral infection or reactivation is probably a major cause. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of meteorological factors on the onset and incidence of BP. METHODS: Meteorological data from 2007 to 2011 were ...
Strube Patrick - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective analysis of clinical and radiological data of a prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE:: To research the clinical differences after lumbar total disc replacement (TDR) regarding the preoperative global and the adaptation at the local sagittal profile of the spine (SP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: It was suggested that ...
Sommer Christof Matthias - - 2012
To evaluate the influence of deployed energy on extent and shape of microwave (MW)-induced coagulation in porcine livers applying 5-minute protocols. MW ablations (n = 25) were performed in ex vivo porcine livers (n = 8). Ablation time was 5 minutes. Five study groups were defined, each with different power ...
Seidel Kathleen - - 2012
Object Mapping and monitoring are believed to provide an early warning sign to determine when to stop tumor removal to avoid mechanical damage to the corticospinal tract (CST). The objective of this study was to systematically compare subcortical monopolar stimulation thresholds (1-20 mA) with direct cortical stimulation (DCS)-motor evoked potential ...
Xu Hongming - - 2013
The aim of this study was to validate the feasibility of modified frontolateral partial laryngectomy without tracheotomy using animal experiments. The glottic area before and after surgery of 6 excised canine larynges and 10 canine larynges in vivo were compared to observe whether the glottic area following modified frontolateral partial ...
Hong Seung Woo - - 2012
To evaluate the changes of refractive astigmatism after horizontal rectus muscle surgery in intermittent exotropic children. Sixty-nine exotropic patients were retrospectively reviewed. Of those, 35 patients received unilateral lateral rectus recession (BLR group, 35 eyes) and 34 patients received unilateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection (R&R group, 34 ...
Pennekamp C W A - - 2012
Background: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a potential life-threatening complication. Therefore, early identification and treatment of patients at risk is essential. CHS can be predicted by a doubling of postoperative transcranial Doppler (TCD)-derived mean middle cerebral artery blood velocity (V(mean)) compared to preoperative values. However, in ...
Lundin Fredrik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In a previous study we found significantly decreased N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and total N-acetyl (tNA) groups in the thalamus of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) compared with healthy individuals (HI). No significant difference between the groups could be found in the frontal deep white matter (FDWM). OBJECTIVE: ...
Sano Hitomi - - 2012
Background: Clinicians encounter pincer nails at a high incidence among bedridden cases who are free from weight bearing. The mechanical force transmitted by walking and loading may affect the nail configuration. This study was aimed at evaluating the influence of mechanical forces on the nail configuration. Methods: Study 1 was ...
Kim Jung-Sun - - 2012
The study evaluated serial quantitative and qualitative changes in vascular responses to drug-eluting stents (DES) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Serial changes in stent strut coverage and neointima characteristics in DES-treated lesions have not been sufficiently investigated using OCT. Serial OCT was performed in 72 patients with 76 DES-treated lesions ...
Kim Jongshin - - 2012
: To analyze the long-term changes of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness before and after panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) in patients with severe diabetic retinopathy. : In this retrospective observational case series, we reviewed the records of 46 patients (68 eyes) with severe diabetic retinopathy, who were treated with ...
Solomon Nancy Pearl - - 2012
Changes in vocal function that can occur after thyroidectomy were tracked with acoustic analyses of sustained vowel productions. The purpose was to determine which time-based or spectral/cepstral-based measures of two vowels were able to detect voice changes over time in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Prospective, longitudinal, and observational clinical trial. Voice ...
Mari Francesco Saverio - - 2012
Postoperative staple-line bleeding after stapled hemorrhoidopexy represents a major issue of this procedure, especially in the day surgery setting. In this study we assess the possible benefit of using circular bioabsorbable staple-line reinforcement to reduce the risk of hemorrhage when performing stapled hemorrhoidopexy in a day surgery setting. Patients with ...
Aslan Mustafa Kemal - - 2012
The omentum plays a crucial role in abdominal defense mechanism by adhering to sites of inflammation and absorbing bacteria and debris from the peritoneal cavity. An experimental study was conducted to evaluate the inflammatory response of omentum in different abdominal events with omental P-/E-selectin levels and histopathologic findings. Thirty Wistar ...
Saito H - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Cognitive function can improve or decline after carotid endarterectomy. Proton MR spectroscopy can be used evaluate cerebral metabolites, such as N-acetylaspartate, choline, and creatine, in vivo. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether postoperative changes in cerebral metabolites measured by using 3T proton MR spectroscopy ...
Mochizuki Tomoharu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pre- and postoperative knee kinematics in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) can be theoretically related to clinical outcome and longevity after UKA with regard to ligament function and the degree of arthritic changes. However, the preoperative knee kinematics of patients indicated for UKA remain to be elucidated, and it is ...
Zhang Tong-yuan - - 2012
To observe the evolution of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with palmar hyperhidrosis before and after endoscopic thoracic sympathotomy and to evaluate the effects of the surgery on the autonomic nervous system. Endoscopic thoracic sympathotomy was performed on 20 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis. The thoracic sympathetic chain at the ...
Kim Myung-Sun - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Arm elevation is composed of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic motion. Many reports have addressed changes of scapular position across a spectrum of shoulder disease. However, no study has examined changes in scapular position after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes ...
Jungmann Pia M PM Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California–San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA. - - 2012
Cartilage repair (CR) procedures are widely accepted for treatment of isolated cartilage defects in the knee joint. However, it is not well known whether these procedures prevent degenerative joint disease. Cartilage repair procedures prevent accelerated qualitative and quantitative progression of meniscus degeneration in individuals with focal cartilage defects. Cohort study; ...
Lin Yazhou - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) has been performed with varying results using a combination of different techniques. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of additional linear lesion and defragmentation of left atrium (LA). METHODS: A cohort of 169 patients with persistent AF was studied. Ablation was performed ...
Billinger Michael - - 2012
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that ear oximetry immediately after the release of a sustained Valsalva maneuver accurately detects patent foramen ovale (PFO). One hundred sixty-five scuba divers underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE; reference method) for PFO assessment. Ear oximetry of the right earlobe was performed ...
Jung Woon-Hwa - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective randomized study was to compare the visible, hidden, total blood loss and postoperative haemodynamic change of 4-h clamping and nonclamping of the drain after TKA. The hypothesis in the present study was that intermittent drain clamping with injection of diluted epinephrine solution would decrease ...
Popp Nina - - 2012
To compare 4 devices used to mark the cornea before astigmatism-reducing surgery. Hanusch Krankenhaus, Vienna, Austria. Randomized examiner-masked clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated to 1 of 4 groups for preoperative corneal marking in the sitting position. The 4 methods used were marking at the slitlamp with an insulin needle, ...
Yoshida Yuri - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cross-sectional study. BACKGROUND: In the early stages after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), quadriceps strength of the operated limb decreases and is substantially lower than the non-operated limb. This asymmetry in strength is related to asymmetrical movement patterns that increase the reliance on the non-operated limb. Over time, ...
Gu Yutong - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: An in vivo animal experimental study. OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the hydroxyapatite (HA) coating in a modified fusion cage in improving the results of cervical intervertebral fusion as well as role of combination of IGF-I and TGF-β1 treatment in a goat cervical spine interbody fusion model. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: ...
Lee Jung-Hyun - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. The objective of this study was to compare the caries risk profiles obtained from the simplified Cariogram models and the conventional Cariogram model of Korean dental patients. Materials and methods. Data required for a caries risk assessment with the Cariogram were collected from 80 young adult patients (mean: ...
Hernández-Romero Diana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of necrosis and inflammation have been found raised after radiofrequency ablation (RF). There is scarce information on biomarkers' behavior after cryoablation. Our aim was to study biomarkers of necrosis, inflammation, and interstitial remodeling after two different approaches: RF versus cryoablation. METHODS: We studied 22 consecutive patients with atrial ...
Smith T O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study firstly aimed to determine whether proprioception deficits, as measured by joint position sense (JPS), occur in people following recurrent patellar dislocations. Secondly, to determine whether JPS changes following medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFL) reconstruction for patellar instability. METHODS: Thirty people following recurrent patellar dislocation were recruited. Pre-operative ...
Chen Wei-Ping - - 2012
Stigmasterol has been shown exihbit anti-osteoarthritic properties in vitro studies. However, the in vivo effects of stigmasterol on cartilage are still unclear. This study investigated the anti-osteoarthritic properties of stigmasterol on cartilage degradation in a rabbit model of osteoarthritis (OA). Twenty rabbits underwent bilateral anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) to ...
Watanabe Yusuke - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the performance of the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (ESII) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND: The ESII was developed recently to improve the predictive value of the original logistic EuroSCORE (LES). METHODS: Between October ...
Shapiro Susan E - - 2012
Heritable dysfibrinogenaemia (HD) is a rare qualitative disorder of fibrinogen (FGN). To better describe the clinical, laboratory and genotypic spectrum of HD, we evaluated 35 subjects identified at two UK centres using laboratory criteria. 12/35(34%) subjects with HD experienced bleeding (bleeding score >1 at any site), 3/35(9%) thrombosis and 20/35(57%) ...
Liu Yongzhe - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is thought to be a transitional stage between normal aging and the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies have suggested that the inhalational anesthetic isoflurane can induce caspase activation and apoptosis, increase aggregates of β-amyloid (Aβ) levels, and enhance Aβ aggregation. The aim ...
Lustig S - - 2012
PURPOSE: In contrast to radiographic measurements, MRI provides multiple slices of the knee joint in the sagittal plane, making it possible to assess the medial and lateral tibial slope separately. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) on bony and ...
Getz Anne E AE Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
Lateralization of the middle turbinate is a commonly cited factor leading to failure of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Inadequate medialization during FESS may require repeat intraoperative attempts, and may lead to destabilization and mucosal trauma. A novel technique is described that increases middle meatal area and provides more definitive ...
Kadoglou Nikolaos P E - - 2012
Purpose : To assess changes in pulse wave velocity (PWV), a valid index of arterial stiffness, in patients undergoing endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Arterial stiffness is an independent marker of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Methods : Forty-eight consecutive male patients (mean age 71±4 ...
Jahng Geon-Ho - - 2012
Purpose: Mapping of the distribution of local susceptibility strength could be very important in understanding the mechanisms of progression in neurodegenerative diseases, due to depositions of iron and iron-containing plaques. The goal of this study is to map the voxelwise distribution of local cross-term b-value (b(c)) effect caused by interactions ...
Dodge Kelly L - - 2012
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine whether junior residents had higher rates of first cannulation and overall success at central venous catheter insertions with the use of ultrasound (US) guidance compared to the landmark technique. Methods- We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a prospective randomized ...
Anegundi Rajesh T - - 2012
This study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of Papacárie(®) for caries removal as compared to the conventional method with respect to microbial flora, time, the amount of tissue removal, child's behavior, pain perception, and preference of treatment. Sixty primary molars of 30 children of age 4-9 years were selected ...
Wang Guohui - - 2012
To understand the effect of mechanical stimulation on posterior scleral reinforcement (PSR), rabbit scleral fibroblasts after PSR were subjected to stretch in vitro, and the viscoelastic behavior of scleral fibroblasts was evaluated. Three-week-old rabbits were monocularly treated by eyelid suturation randomly to prepare the experimental myopia eyes. After 60 days, ...
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