Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1307
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Esterhuizen Johan - - 2011
Control of tsetse flies using insecticide-treated targets is often hampered by vegetation re-growth and encroachment which obscures a target and renders it less effective. Potentially this is of particular concern for the newly developed small targets (0.25 high × 0.5 m wide) which show promise for cost-efficient control of Palpalis ...
Dobson R - - 2011
Background  Long-term parenteral nutrition has transformed the prognosis for children suffering from intestinal failure. However, parenteral nutrition itself is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality including that caused by sepsis. Aim  To examine a strategy of cycled enteral antibiotics in reducing the incidence of sepsis in paediatric intestinal failure patients. ...
Romond M-B - - 2011
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) occurs in patients fed total parenteral nutrition (TPN) after massive intestinal resection. TPN weaning is often associated with occlusion or sepsis. In the present study the intestinal biotope was investigated in young patients (n = 14) with massive intestinal resection and recurrent symptoms of sepsis or occlusion during ...
Camkıran Aynur - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether serum levels of intestinal type fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) are related to intestinal ischemia in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. METHODS: The study was planned as prospective, observational. Elective coronary artery bypass candidate patients between ages of 50 and ...
Miao Qi - - 2011
  To evaluate and compare the pathological features and immunostaining pattern (cytokeratin 7 (CK-7), mucin core peptide 1 (Muc-1)) in Barrett's esophagus (BE) and cardiac intestinal metaplasia (CIM).   According to endoscopic diagnosis, patients with gastric cardiac inflammation and BE were selected from March 2008 to February 2009 in Renji ...
Lisowska Aleksandra - - 2011
Antibiotic therapy in the cystic fibrosis (CF) mouse model has been shown to result in reduced bacterial load of the intestine and significant body weight gain. The effect was suggested to be linked to the improvement of intestinal digestion and absorption. Therefore, we aimed to assess the influence of routinely ...
La-Ongkhum O - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine whether avilamycin, which is used as a growth promoter in broiler chickens, would affect the structure of the bacterial community within the jejunal intestinal tract. Sixty chickens were assigned to 2 groups: a control group and an avilamycin-treated group. The jejunal tissue from 4 ...
Pekin Ceyhun - - 2011
Background and Objectives : To investigate the effect of extracorporeal shock waves on the healing of intestinal anastomosis. Materials and Methods : Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups of ten each comprising of Group I (only laparotomy), Group II (right colon segment resection and end to end ...
Aydemir Cumhur - - 2011
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) is found within cells at the tip of the intestinal villi, an area commonly injured in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In this study, we aimed to investigate the value of serum I-FABP in early diagnosis and predicting severity of NEC. METHODS: This prospective study ...
Della Barba A - - 2011
This study was a retrospective assessment of the results of bilio-intestinal bypass (a variation of the jejuno-ileal bypass, in which the intestinal blind loop is anastomosed to the gallbladder). Seventy-five patients underwent the Eriksson bilio-intestinal bypass since 2003 to January 2009. Mean weight prior to surgery was 115.17 (SD±17.74 kg; ...
Thuma Akos - - 2011
Two groups of one-day-old Peking ducklings (Groups I and II, 12 birds/group) were inoculated orally with Brachyspira pilosicoli and two groups with B. alvinipulli (Groups III and IV, 12 birds/group). T-2 toxin was added to the feed of Groups II and IV in a dose of 1 mg/kg of feed. ...
Erenoglu Bulent - - 2011
We investigated the effectiveness of mechanical intestinal cleansing and antibiotic prophylaxis in preventing bacterial translocation (BT) during the Pringle maneuver in rabbits. Forty-eight rabbits were allocated to one of the following four groups: a control group (group 1); an antibiotic group, given 100 mg/kg intravenous ceftizoxime (group 2); a mechanical ...
Rejchrt S - - 2011
Biodegradable stents, which are made of various synthetic polymers, such as polylactide or polyglycolide, or co-polymers, such as polydioxanone, can be used for the treatment of benign refractory stenoses of the gastrointestinal tract. Here we report 11 patients (median age 41) with stenosing Crohn's disease of the small and/or large ...
Jung Yoon Suk - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To date, there have been no studies focusing on the efficacy of thiopurine therapy in intestinal Behcet's disease (BD). We conducted this study to investigate clinical outcomes and predictors of clinical relapse in intestinal BD patients receiving thiopurine maintenance therapy. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients ...
Shaheen Nicholas J NJ Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7080, USA. - - 2011
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can eradicate dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia in patients with dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE), and reduce rates of esophageal adenocarcinoma. We assessed long-term rates of eradication, durability of neosquamous epithelium, disease progression, and safety of RFA in patients with dysplastic BE. We performed a randomized trial of 127 ...
Kuzyk P R T - - 2011
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials comparing cross-linked with conventional polyethylene liners for total hip replacement in order to determine whether these liners reduce rates of wear, radiological evidence of osteolysis and the need for revision. The MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE databases were searched from ...
Harling Leanne L Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2011
Miniaturized extracorporeal circulation (mECC) attempts to reduce the adverse effects of conventional extracorporeal circulation (CECC) bypass. However, the potential benefits remain unclear and safety concerns persist. A systematic literature review identified 29 studies incorporating 2,355 patients: 1,181 (50.1%) who underwent cardiac surgery with CECC and 1,174 (49.9%) with mECC. These ...
Rasoli Sonia - - 2011
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether prophylactic therapy with antioxidant vitamins reduces the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). One hundred and fifty-four papers were found using the reported search, of which five were judged to represent ...
Mishra Shashikant - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 OBJECTIVE: • To evaluate the results of miniperc vis-à-vis standard PNL in the treatment of stones of 1-2 cm in size. Miniperc may represent a reasonable procedure in patients with nonbulky urolithiasis offering a similar outcome as standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) with advantage ...
Reinholdt Carina - - 2011
Patients with tetraplegia may have various degrees of spasticity in the hand ranging from a completely clenched fist to reduced control of grip at triggered spasticity. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the functional effect of the distal ulnar intrinsic release procedure to reduce intrinsic tightness. Seventeen ...
Gun R - - 2011
Nasal osteotomies are the most important cause of periorbital edema and ecchymosis. Injection of lidocaine and adrenaline is recommended to reduce bleeding. Whilst the lidocaine and adrenaline combination (LAC) is claimed to reduce postoperative ecchymosis and edema, this effect remains to be proven conclusively. This study, on 48 patients, was ...
Dutton T - - 2011
The timing of tourniquet release is a potential confounding factor in the use of retransfusion drains in total knee arthroplasty. A pilot randomised trial was performed using retransfusion drains to determine whether releasing the tourniquet after wound closure reduced the overall blood loss and allogenic transfusion rate. Forty eight patients ...
Anderson John F - - 2011
Catch basins are a major source of Culex pipiens pipiens, Cx. restuans, and Aedes japonicus in northeastern USA. VectoBac CG (Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis [Bti]), VectoLex CG (Bacillus sphaericus [Bs]), and VectoBac 12AS (Bti), each applied at maximum label rate of 1.8 g, 1.8 g, and 0.193 ml per catch basin, ...
Thankappan Krishnakumar - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to report the effectiveness of the lateral arm free flap (LAFF) in the reconstruction of oral tongue defects, the subsite in which it may have advantage over the other donor sites. This is a retrospective analysis of 48 consecutive cases of LAFF used for ...
Audisio M C - - 2011
Lactobacillus johnsonii CRL1647, isolated from the intestinal tract of a honeybee and selected due to its high lactic acid production, was assayed as a monoculture on bee colony performance. It was delivered to the bees on a one litre of 125 g/l sugar-cane syrup with a final concentration of 105 ...
Zhang Qi-Dong - - 2011
From individual randomized studies, it is not clear whether a closed suction drainage should be used after total knee arthroplasty. Our meta-analysis compares the clinical outcomes of closed suction drainage with nondrainage after total knee arthroplasty in randomized controlled trials reported between January 1966 and May 2010. Fifteen eligible trials ...
Mataftsi Asimina - - 2011
Background/aims Although fluorometholone (FML) is considered a steroid of minimal ocular penetration, reports in children have shown dose-dependent intraocular pressure (IOP) rise. The authors aimed to assess whether reducing regimens of FML for paediatric ocular surface disease have sustained clinically significant ocular hypertensive effects. Methods Retrospective case-note review. Glaucoma was ...
Kwong Louis M - - 2011
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) following joint replacement surgery represents an economic as well as a clinical burden; however, the risk of thromboembolic events is greatly reduced by appropriate anticoagulation. Rivaroxaban, a Factor Xa inhibitor currently in phase III development, was compared with the low molecular weight heparin enoxaparin in 4 clinical ...
Domschke Christoph - - 2011
In breast cancer patients, intraoperative bone marrow puncture (BMP) with positive detection of disseminated tumor cells has been reported to predict unfavorable clinical outcome due to increased risk of recurrence. In this study, we prospectively assessed BMP-associated untoward side-effects. Fifty-eight consecutive breast cancer patients were prospectively explored after intraoperative BMP ...
Carey William - - 2011
Portal hypertension is a cause a major luminal gut hemorrhage, most often from esophageal varices. Identification of those with varices, and administration of therapies to reduce the likelihood of initial bleeding improve patient outcomes. Beta blocker therapy or variceal band ligation are most often used in this context. Management of ...
Holm Bente - - 2011
To (1) quantify changes in knee-extension strength and functional-performance at discharge after fast-track total hip arthroplasty (THA) and (2) investigate whether these changes correlate to changes in thigh and knee circumference (ie, swelling) or pain. A prospective, descriptive, hypothesis-generating study. A special unit for fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty operations ...
Mamas Mamas A - - 2011
Aims:  Studies demonstrate that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) is associated with reduced revascularization and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) rates compared to bare metal stents (BMS) in native coronary vessels. Optimal PCI treatment of saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions remains unclear despite SVG procedures representing up ...
Greene Daniel J - - 2011
Although the long-term effects of radiation exposure are not completely predictable, the principle of keeping radiation exposure "as low as reasonably achievable" should be used. The purpose of this study was to compare fluoroscopy times before and after the implementation of a protocol designed to reduce fluoroscopy usage during ureteroscopy. ...
Kawai Manabu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To determine in a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) whether pylorus-resecting pancreatoduodenectomy (PrPD) with preservation of nearly the entire stomach reduces the incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) compared with pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PpPD). BACKGROUND:: Several RCTs have compared PpPD and conventional pancreatoduodenectomy with antrectomy. However, no study has reported ...
Teltsch Dana Y - - 2011
Patients in intensive care units (ICUs) often acquire infections, which impose a heavy human and financial burden. The use of private rooms may reduce the acquisition of certain pathogens, but the limited evidence on this topic is inconsistent. We compared the rates of acquisition of infectious organisms in an ICU ...
Pishbin Elham - - 2011
To the best of knowledge, this was the first study of scapular manipulation technique (SMT) in Asia. We conducted this prospective study to report our experiences of reducing anterior shoulder dislocation by SMT without analgesia in a large study group in Iran. Scapular manipulation technique was applied to 111 patients ...
Akyurek Mustafa - - 2011
Breast contouring surgery after massive weight loss is challenging because of unfavorable features such as inelastic skin, volume depletion, loss of upper pole fullness, and significant ptosis.An approach is presented for autoaugmentation using a lateral intercostal artery perforator (LICAP) flap secured with a pectoralis muscle sling, along with mastopexy based ...
Chellini E - - 2011
Aspiration and respiratory tract infections are commonly observed in patients following conservative laryngeal surgery such as supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy (CHP). Since laryngeal closure is important for cough effectiveness, we hypothesised that CHP reduced cough intensity by affecting the cough motor pattern. In ten male patients with laryngeal cancer eligible ...
Ushiki Mariko - - 2011
A 60-year-old man demonstrated a bleeding tendency at enterostomy about 7 months after aortic arch replacement. Abdominal muscle hematoma and pelvic hematoma were also detected. He was diagnosed as having acquired hemophilia A based on prolonged APTT (65.9 sec), reduced FVIII activity (>1%), and the presence of FVIII inhibitor (19.5 ...
Morotomi Nobuo - - 2011
Intestinal microbiotas of human subjects and effect of antibiotic treatment on them have been reported with cultivation independent methods. However, Japanese fecal microbiotas have not been studied enough. We have constructed a clone library method to obtain results within 3 d. In this study, intestinal microbiotas of 29 healthy Japanese ...
Accord Ryan - - 2011
Conventional open harvest of the great saphenous vein (GSV) during CABG results in approximately 7% donor-site complications. Using endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH) the full GSV length can be harvested through a 3 cm incision. This nonsystematic review discusses several key issues concerning EVH, based on an extensive Pubmed search. Found studies ...
Al-Mobeeriek Azizah - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of myrrh compared with chlorhexidine gluconate- and tetracycline-containing mouthwashes on wound healing over time in an animal model. A unilateral incision on the right buccal mucosa was made, and the wound was irrigated with myrrh-, chlorhexidine gluconate-, or tetracycline-based mouthwashes at various time intervals. Clinical and ...
Xu Keping - - 2011
Ketorolac 0.45% is a new formulation of topical ketorolac in which preservative (benzalkonium chloride, BAK) was removed and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) was added to improve tolerability and reduce dosing frequency. This study compared the effects of ketorolac 0.45% on corneal wound healing to prior ketorolac formulations (0.4% and 0.5%), bromfenac 0.09%, ...
Bagherzadeh Ataallah - - 2011
Nowadays, developed junctional rhythm (JR) that occurs during slow-pathway radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) has been focused upon as a highly sensitive surrogate end point for successful radiofrequency ablation. This study was conducted to assess the relationship between the presence and pattern of developed JR ...
Delibegović Samir - - 2011
The standard technique for securing the base of the appendix during laparoscopic appendectomy is by absorbable endoloop ligature, although clinical reports favor the use of the stapler. Nonabsorbable Hem-o-lok clips have been shown to be an alternative technique to this. However, it is currently not clear whether nonabsorbable clips have ...
Parkin Edward - - 2010
Rapid microwave processing allows core biopsy results to be obtained within a 3- to 4-h time period. This study was designed to compare the accuracy and reporting time of microwave-processed breast biopsies with samples processed using traditional methods. Concordance of the preoperative biopsy report with postoperative histology for tumor type, ...
Shoma Ashraf - - 2010
Breast-conserving therapy is currently the standard of management of breast cancer cases. Radiotherapy is an integral part of it; however, it has several complications. Radiation induced burn is a common complication of radiotherapy that requires more effective lines of management rather than the classically used ones. We investigated whether the ...
Di Martino Marcello - - 2010
Abdominoplasty is one of the most frequently performed cosmetic procedures, and its combination with liposuction has become more common. Seroma is one of the most common complications in abdominoplasty. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of seroma formation in patients who underwent either abdominoplasty with or ...
Kadouch Daniel J - - 2010
The efficacy of most pressure devices developed for treatment of ear keloids is limited by the insufficient control of the applied pressure, sometimes causing pain and repeated bleeding with a subsequently increased risk of infections and cosmetic problems. The present study aims to describe the efficacy of the custom-made methyl ...
Yang Jui-Yung - - 2010
Hypertrophic scars (HScs) are inelastic scars that can cause functional loss and disfigurement. Decorin regulates collagen fibrillogenesis, and its expression is lower in HScs than in normal skin and during wound healing. To evaluate the efficacy of combined verapamil and triamcinolone in treating HScs. Excised human HSc fragments from surgically ...
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