Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 3204
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Mayr Hermann O HO Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, Hugstetter Str. 55, 79106, Freiburg, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate laxity in knees with pre-operative (preop) valgus alignment compared to knees with pre-operative varus alignment after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This was a retrospective study including 81 patients, with six years follow-up, for pre-operative valgus- or varus alignment of the leg. All patients ...
Abdel Matthew P MP Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Although some clinical reports suggest patient-specific instrumentation in TKA may improve alignment, reduce surgical time, and lower hospital costs, it is unknown whether it improves pain- and function-related outcomes and gait. We hypothesized that TKA performed with patient-specific instrumentation would improve patient-reported outcomes measured by validated scoring tools and level ...
Palmer Jennifer J Orthopaedics, Royal Perth Hospital, Shenton Park Campus, Perth, Australia, - - 2014
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) prosthesis designs are constantly evolving to obtain greater functional performance. The aim of this study is to compare the functional outcomes between the newer single radius (SR) Triathlon prosthesis with its multiradius (MR) predecessor the Duracon. We analysed 1,012 primary TKA procedures which used either the ...
O'Brien Julie J Cardiac Imaging Division, Department of Radiology, St. Paul's Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada, - - 2014
Transcatheter placement of left atrial closure device is an attractive therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), to avoid anticoagulation and reduce cerebrovascular events; however peri-device leaks occur. The geometry of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is not well understood, largely owing to limitations of 2-dimensional imaging techniques. We sought ...
Woolson Steven T ST Surgery Section 112 (S.T.W. and N.J.G.) and Center for Tissue Regeneration, Repair and Restoration (D.W.W.), Palo Alto Veterans Administration Hospital, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304. E-mail address for S.T. Woolson: - - 2014
Patient-specific femoral and tibial cutting blocks produced with use of data from preoperative computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans have been employed recently to optimize component alignment in total knee arthroplasty. We report the results of a randomized controlled trial in which CT scans were used to ...
Suk Kyung Soo KS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyung-Hee University College of Medicine, Dongdamun-ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea. E-mail address for K.S. Suk: - - 2014
While most studies of Duchenne muscular dystrophy scoliosis focus on technical and radiographic indices, functional status is a more important factor to consider in the management of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The objectives of the current study were to compare the pulmonary function, radiographic outcome, and functional recovery, with use of ...
Lass R R Department of Orthopedics, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria. E-mail address for R. Lass: - - 2014
Second-generation, metal-on-metal bearings were introduced in 1988, to reduce wear and avoid polyethylene particle-induced osteolysis from total hip arthroplasty. In 2007, we reported the long-term results of ninety-eight patients (105 hips) who underwent primary cementless total hip arthroplasty involving the use of a prosthesis with a high-carbide-concentration, metal-on-metal articulating surface ...
Lai Zhen Z Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Red Cross Hospital in Hangzhou, No. 208, East Ring Road, Hangzhou, 310003, Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
There is currently a trend toward minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to decrease the morbidity related to the standard approach. The aim of our study was to clarify whether the mini-subvastus surgical had an advantage over the standard in term of pain level, blood loss, and postoperative recovery, whether ...
Fukui Toshihiro T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sakakibara Heart Institute, Tokyo, - - 2014
We evaluated the usefulness of the combination of European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation score (EuroSCORE II) and SYNergy between percutaneous intervention with TAXus drug-eluting stents and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) score in predicting risks associated with early and late outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Between January 2010 ...
Lin Hsin-Ching HC Department of Otolaryngology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
To investigate the safety and outcomes of Z-palatopharyngoplasty (ZPPP) combined with endoscopic Coblator open tongue base resection (Eco-TBR) for the treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Review of a prospective database. Academic tertiary medical center. Thirty-nine patients with severe OSAHS who had multilevel obstruction, failed continuous positive airway ...
Gomoll Andreas H AH Cartilage Repair Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Cartilage defects in the patella are common, and a subset of patients does not respond to nonoperative measures. While most cartilage repair techniques have demonstrated good outcomes in the femoral condyles, the patellofemoral compartment poses special challenges. HYPOTHESIS:Repair of patellar cartilage defects with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) will provide lasting ...
Buckley Taylor T Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation, University of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry, Rochester, NY, - - 2014
The optimal method-subscapularis peel (SP) or lesser tuberosity osteotomy (LTO)-for takedown of the subscapularis during total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) is controversial. This study compares the functional outcomes in a 2-surgeon cohort using the 2 techniques. Patients who underwent TSA with a minimum 1 year of follow-up were evaluated. Physical and ...
Strauss A C AC Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University of Bonn, Bonn, - - 2014
Despite reliable results of ankle fusion for advanced haemophilic arthropathy, total ankle replacement (TAR) may be functionally advantageous. There is only very limited literature data available on TAR in patients with haemophilia. The objective of this study is to evaluate the short- and mid-term results after TAR in patients with ...
Pathak Priya R PR Section of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, - - 2014
Curative parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) resolves various nonspecific symptoms related to the disease. Between 8% and 40% of patients with normocalcemia after parathyroidectomy have persistently elevated parathyroid hormone (ePTH) levels at follow-up. We investigated whether ePTH in the early postoperative period was associated with the timing of symptom improvement. ...
De Nardi Paola P 1Department of Surgery, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy 2Department of Surgery, University of Catania, Catania, - - 2014
Few randomized trials have compared the results of Doppler-guided transanal hemorrhoid dearterialization with mucopexy and excisional open hemorrhoidectomy. Few studies have reported long-term results. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of Doppler-guided transanal hemorrhoid dearterialization with mucopexy compared with excisional open hemorrhoidectomy in patients with grade ...
Fahy Brenda G BG From the *Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida; and †Departments of Anesthesiology and Neurology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
Clinical decision making and problem solving require a core of basic factual knowledge that must be accessed sometimes months or years after it has been learned. We examined whether 10 compared with 20 total electroencephalogram (EEG) interpretations impacted scores for long-term retention with the residents in the 20 total EEG ...
Yoshimura Tatsuya T From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Teikyo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; †Department of Anesthesia, The University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa; and ‡Graduate School of Public Health, Teikyo University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Effective lung collapse of the nonventilated lung can facilitate thoracic surgery. Previous studies showed that using a bronchial blocker could delay the time of lung collapse compared with using a double-lumen endotracheal tube. We hypothesized that the use of nitrous oxide (N2O) in the inspired gas mixture during 2-lung ventilation ...
Yoon Jeong Hee JH Department of Radiology and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Korea. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal minimum number of liver stiffness measurements on shear wave elastography (SWE) and to evaluate the frequency of technical failures and unreliable stiffness measurements and the intraobserver reproducibility of SWE. Methods- This retrospective study was approved by our Institutional Review ...
Kwon Jae Ho JH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inje University, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Ilsan, South - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare femoral and tibial tunnel volume enlargement (TVE) after arthroscopic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction by remnant bundle preservation using Achilles allograft or mixed graft. Seventy-eight patients undergoing primary arthroscopic single-bundle PCL reconstruction were initially included. Fifty-six of these patients underwent ...
Castillo Tiffany N TN Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA - - 2014
This study analyzes both the subjective and objective symptom and functional outcomes of patients who underwent either traditional single-incision or two-incision carpal tunnel release (CTR). From 2008 to 2009, patients with isolated carpal tunnel syndrome were randomized to undergo either single-incision or two-incision CTR by a single surgeon at a ...
Kim Sang Woon SW Department of Urology, Urological Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
We evaluated changes in urodynamic parameters of patients with tethered cord syndrome (TCS) after detethering surgery and investigated factors predicting long-term urologic outcome based on a previously described urodynamic (UD) scoring system. From January 2005 to March 2011, 148 patients with TCS underwent detethering surgery in our hospital; 44 with ...
Font Carme C From the aMedical Oncology Department, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, bMedical Oncology Department, Hospital Universitario Morales Meseguer, Murcia, and cDepartment of Pneumology, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, (HUVR-IBiS), CIBERES, Sevilla, - - 2014
The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to assess the feasibility of outpatient treatment in patients with cancer and objectively confirmed pulmonary embolism (PE), and to compare the performance of the different prognostic scales available in this setting. Patients were selected for outpatient management according to a set of ...
Yu Jie J Department of Cardiology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China; Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Molecular Biology and Regulatory Peptides, Ministry of Health and Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiovascular Sciences, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100191, - - 2014
Many studies have shown that the serum uric acid (SUA) level is one of the cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship between SUA levels and the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) assessed by angiography and the Syntax score in patients with obstructive ...
Nayar Harry S HS From the *Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and †Departments of Oral Biology and Surgery/Plastic Surgery, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, - - 2014
Velopharyngeal insufficiency occurs in a nontrivial number of cases following cleft palate repair. We hypothesize that a conversion Furlow palatoplasty allows for long-term correction of VPI resulting from a failed primary palate repair, obviating the need for pharyngoplasty and its attendant comorbidities. A retrospective review of patients undergoing a conversion ...
Zeng Cheng C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, PR - - 2014
Background/Aims: To determine whether the revised American Fertility Society (rAFS) classification and endometriosis fertility index (EFI) predict pregnancy rates (PRs) in patients with surgically confirmed endometriosis attempting natural conception. Methods: We retrospectively assessed 194 women with endometriosis who underwent laparoscopic surgery; 161 women completed the follow-up. Pregnancy outcomes, rAFS stages ...
Ramirez Patrick P Innovation Center, Lifestyle Lift, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2014
This study reviews the overall outcome of 78 patients undergoing a short-flap facelift with laser-assisted lipolysis using a continuous-wave 924/975-nm diode laser. Seventy-eight patients undergo treatment of lipolysis and facelift using the traditional platysmaplasty technique along with continuous-wave 924/975-nm diode laser-assisted lipolysis. A combination of 3D and 2D photographs is ...
Eichen Phillip Maximilian PM Institute of Medical Statistics, Informatics and Epidemiology (IMSIE), University Hospital of Cologne, - - 2014
Nucleoplasty, based on Coblation® technology, is a minimally invasive procedure used to decompress herniated discs. Reviews to date - exclusively systematic reviews - recommend nucleoplasty for treating chronic back pain, although with the restriction of limited to fair evidence. We therefore aimed to summarize and interpret our calculated results, where ...
Bellows Charles F CF Department of Surgery, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, - - 2014
Ventral hernias are a common clinical problem. Immediate repair is recommended for most ventral hernias despite significant recurrence rates. This practice may be related to a lack of understanding of the natural history of ventral hernias. The purpose of this study was to determine the natural history of ventral hernias ...
Akkaya A A Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Abant Izzet Baysal University Medical Faculty, Bolu, Turkey. - - 2014
When added to local anaesthetics, dexamethasone can prolong the duration of peripheral blocks. Dexamethasone has a long and efficient glucocorticoid structure and presents anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of dexamethasone on the block duration added to levobupivacaine used for transversus abdominis block (TAP) ...
Melilli Giuseppe G ANT Italia Onlus Foundation, Bologna, - - 2014
As guidelines for opioid use in renal-impaired patients with cancer are limited, the authors sought to assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability, of transdermal buprenorphine for moderate/severe cancer pain in renal-impaired outpatients. In a prospective parallel-group active-controlled study, n = 42 consecutively recruited outpatients with or without renal impairment (serum ...
Kahramanca Sahin S Department of General Surgery, Kars State Hospital Ministry of Health, Kars, Turkey. - - 2014
Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rapidly progressive and necrotizing infection of the subcutaneous and fascial tissues with a high mortality rate. In the present study, we aimed to investigate prognostic factors and analyze the outcomes of 68 patients in a tertiary reference hospital. Patients admitted to the emergency department were ...
Tanaka Satoru - - 2014
We evaluated the cosmetic outcome of volume replacement with oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and also examined factors that may have influenced the results. Ninety-four patients who underwent BCS with ORC replacement between January 2010 and August 2012 participated in this study. The cosmetic outcomes of these ...
Protzman Nicole M - - 2014
This case series was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of using an allogeneic cancellous bone sponge for augmentation of foot and ankle arthrodeses. Twenty-five patients were prospectively enrolled in the study prior to undergoing fusion and were then followed for 12 months postoperatively. There were 45 joints: 7 ...
Chang Youn Hyuk YH Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, - - 2014
The optimal management of patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate technical results and clinical outcomes of frameless stereotactic aspiration and fibrinolysis using urokinase performed in a single center. The subjects of this study were 62 consecutive patients with spontaneous ICH ...
Birski Marcin M Neurosurgery Department, 10th Military Research Hospital, Bydgoszcz, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare results of clipping and coiling for aneurysms of the anterior circle of Willis. Previous studies have not identified a clear superiority of one method over the other. The study group included 165 consecutive patients. The assessment took into account the risk of ...
Kim Yang-Soo YS Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Arthroscopic capsular release is an effective treatment for shoulder stiffness, yet its extent is controversial. PURPOSE:To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic capsular release in patients with and without posterior extended capsular release for shoulder stiffness. STUDY DESIGN:Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1. METHODS:Between January 2008 and March 2011, ...
Duncan Nicholas S NS Surgeon, Royal Derby Hospitals, Derbyshire, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the outcomes of first metatarsophalangeal replacement for hallux rigidus using the Smith & Nephew ToeFit-Plus™ implant. We assessed the outcomes of 69 first metatarsophalangeal joint replacements using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score preoperatively and annually postoperatively, with retrospective ...
Martínez-Ramírez Alicia - - 2014
Total hip arthroplasty is a successful surgical treatment in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. Different questionnaires are used by the clinicians to assess functional capacity and the patient's pain, despite these questionnaires are known to be subjective. Furthermore, many studies agree that kinematic and kinetic parameters are crucial to ...
Frank Rachel M RM Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Rush Medical College of Rush University, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:During arthroscopic Bankart repair, inferior anchor placement is critical to a successful outcome. Low anterior anchors may be placed with a standard straight guide via midglenoid portal, with a straight guide with trans-subscapularis placement, or with curved guide systems.Purpose/ HYPOTHESIS:To evaluate glenoid suture anchor trajectory, position, and biomechanical performance as ...
Pan Lei L Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong Province, China; Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, The People's Hospital of Foshan Sanshui District, Foshan 528100, Guangdong Province, - - 2014
This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacies of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) and traditional open lumbar discectomy (OD). The pre-operative and post-operative blood loss, hospital stays and wound sizes of the patients in the two groups were recorded. Enzyme-Linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the changes of ...
Osnabrugge Ruben L RL Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, - - 2014
Validation studies of European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation II (EuroSCORE II) have been limited to European datasets. Therefore, the aims of this study were to assess the performance of EuroSCORE II in a large multicentre US database, and compare it with the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk ...
Zhang Wenqiu W Department of Ophthalmology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan - P.R. - - 2014
Purpose: Patching of the operative eye is occasionally used in pediatric strabismus surgery. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological and physiologic effects of patching after operation by multifactorial methods.Methods: We analyzed the perioperative behaviors of 61 children with strabismus conducted from June 2012 to July ...
Collins Jamie E JE Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, - - 2014
Range of motion (ROM) is an important component of the assessment of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcome. We compared patient-reported versus clinically observed ROM in a prospective cohort. Clinically observed ROM was measured using a goniometer by a trained research assistant. Self-reported ROM was estimated using a set of lateral ...
Xhaja Xhileta X Department of Colorectal Surgery, Digestive Diseases Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Desk A 30, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA, - - 2014
There is more to a high-quality colonoscopy than reaching the cecum or finding adenomas. Gentle insertion involves ancillary techniques, some of which are impossible in patients receiving deep sedation. The aim of this study was to assess the importance of ancillary techniques in achieving a comfortable, complete colonoscopy. This was ...
Dauri Mario M Department of Emergency and Admission, Critical Care Medicine, Pain Medicine and Anesthetic Science, Foundation PTV, Polyclinic Tor Vergata, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Viale Oxford, 81, 00133, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Treatment for chronic non-cancer neuropathic pain can be complicated by side effects and drug interactions. Combining opioid analgesics and calcium channel modulators may overcome these and improve efficacy. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of OROS(®) hydromorphone combined with pregabalin in patients with ...
Kim Ji Hee JH Department of Neurosurgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Myoclonus-dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by childhood onset of myoclonus and dystonia. We report a case of the epsilon-sarcoglycan mutation-negative myoclonus-dystonia patient who underwent bilateral globus pallidus interna deep-brain stimulation with subsequent improvement of both myoclonus and dystonia. A 37-year-old woman with myoclonic jerks and dystonia affecting predominantly the ...
Xun Yun-Hao YH Department of Liver Diseases, Hangzhou Sixth People's Hospital/Xixi Hospital of Hangzhou, Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, P.R. - - 2014
The present study aimed to compare the short-term prognostic performance of a series of model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) and respective delta (∆) scores scoring systems in a population with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACHBLF), and to investigate the potential effects from antivirals. A total of 77 patients with ACHBLF of ...
Xiang Kai K Department of Anesthesiology, Xiangtan Central Hospital, Xiangtan, Hunan, - - 2014
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the analgesic effects of remifentanil with fentanyl following pediatric cardiac surgery. Fifty patients were included in the study and were randomized into two groups. Patients in group R were given remifentanil (50 μg/ml) at an infusion rate of 0.07 μg/kg/min and with bolus ...
Tripathi D D Liver Unit, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
There have been encouraging reports on transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). Long-term data are lacking. To assess long-term outcomes and validate prognostic scores following TIPSS for BCS. A single centre retrospective study. Patients underwent TIPSS using bare or polytertrafluoroethane (PTFE)-covered stents. Sixty-seven patients received successful TIPSS ...
Sato Yoshikazu Y Department of Urology, Sanjukai Hospital, Sapporo, - - 2014
To evaluate urine loss ratio after catheter removal as a predictive factor of urinary continence after radical prostatectomy. A total of 190 patients who had undergone retropubic radical prostatectomy were evaluated. Urine loss ratio was measured using the 24-h pad test during 7 consecutive days after removal of urethral catheters. ...
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