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Messé Steven R SR Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The incidence and impact of clinical stroke and silent radiographic cerebral infarction complicating open surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) are poorly characterized. We performed a prospective cohort study of subjects ≥ 65 years of age undergoing AVR for calcific aortic stenosis. Subjects were evaluated by neurologists pre-operatively and post-operatively, and ...
Tan Ji-Xiang JX Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, - - 2014
Objective: To analyze the extent of postoperative hip abductor insufficiency in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients undergoing anterolateral minimally invasive (ALMI) approach, and to investigate whether the clinical outcomes are more favorable in femoral neck fracture (FNF) patients than in non-femoral neck fracture (nFNF) patients. Methods: A total of ...
Rasmussen Jeppe V JV Department of Orthopedic Surgery , Herlev University Hospital , - - 2014
Purpose - We used patient-reported outcome and risk of revision to compare hemiarthroplasty (HA) with total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and stemmed hemiarthroplasty (SHA) with resurfacing hemiarthroplasty (RHA) in patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Patients and methods - We included all patients reported to the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry (DSR) between January ...
Waldman Neil N The Emergency Department, Southland Hospital, Invercargill, New - - 2014
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that topical tetracaine would be safe to use for 24 hours and would not affect corneal healing, that patients would experience more pain relief, and that patients would perceive tetracaine to be more effective than saline eye drops for the treatment ...
Xu R R Department of Anesthesiology, Ninth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China. - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on myocardium in cardiac surgery and provide evidence for clinical anesthesia practice. Literature about the protective effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on myocardium in cardiac surgery published before March, 2012 was retrieved from the database of PubMed and EMBASE. The quality ...
Lee Young Ji YJ Department of Ophthalmology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To determine patient-based scar assessment after direct browplasty for correction of brow ptosis between Asian female patients with and without brow tattoos. A retrospective study with questionnaire via telephone interview. A total of 30 female Asian patients underwent direct browplasty from January 2008 to December 2011. The Patient Scar Assessment ...
Akhavanakbari Godrat G Department of Anesthesiology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine is commonly used for post-operative pain after major surgery. Ketamine has analgesic property at lower doses, and in combination with opioids it could have synergistic effect. The aim of this study is to determine effects of the addition of ketamine to morphine for PCA ...
Kraiwattanapong Chaiwat C Department of Orthopaedics, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
A prospective cohort. To report the short and long term outcomes of fluoroscopically guided lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) patients. TFESI has been widely used for the treatment of lumbosacral radicular pains. However, to our knowledge, there has been no study which has evaluated ...
Witoon Nattawat N Department of Neurosurgery, Prasat Neurological Institute, Bangkok, - - 2014
A retrospective study. To investigate clinical and radiological outcomes when using spinous process as a tricortical autograft for segmental spinal fusion in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Interbody spinal fusion is one of the important procedures in spinal surgery. Many types of autografts are harvested at the expense of complications. ...
Tang Y H YH Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong - - 2014
PURPOSE. To compare the outcome of fixed-bearing posterior-stabilised versus cruciate-substituting prostheses in 46 patients who underwent primary bilateral total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS. Records of 35 women and 11 men aged 54 to 78 (mean, 67) years who underwent primary bilateral TKR for osteoarthritis (n=44) and rheumatoid arthritis (n=2) were ...
Ji T T Musculoskeletal Tumor Center, People's Hospital, Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To report on the use of the Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System (LARS) to enhance joint stability and functional outcome in proximal humeral endoprosthesis reconstruction. METHODS. Two men and 5 women aged 16 to 66 (mean, 28) years underwent wide resection of tumour and endoprosthesis reconstruction of the proximal humerus ...
Marudanayagam A A University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff, United - - 2014
PURPOSE. To report the outcome of fusion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) using the Fyxis plate and compression screws. METHODS. Medical records of 12 men and 39 women (54 feet) aged 28 to 74 (mean, 58) years who underwent primary fusion of the first MTPJ using the Fyxis plate ...
Nishikawa M M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Koseinenkin Hospital, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate disease activity, knee function, and walking ability of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over 10 years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS. Four men and 26 women (mean age, 59.9 years) underwent 42 TKAs for RA with a mean duration of 151.3 months and were followed up ...
Kaur Jasleen J Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Gian Sagar Medical College & Hospital, Ram Nagar, Banur, Punjab, - - 2014
Epidural opioids acting through the spinal cord receptors improve the quality and duration of analgesia along with dose-sparing effect with the local anesthetics. The present study compared the efficacy and safety profile of epidurally administered butorphanol and fentanyl combined with bupivacaine (B). A total of 75 adult patients of either ...
Marmon Adam R AR University of Delaware, Newark DE, - - 2014
Deficits in functional abilities persist after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), while static measures of knee extensor strength (e.g. isometric contractions) are related to functional performance, little is known about the associations between functional ability and dynamic knee extensor strength (e.g. power). With the growing rate of these procedures, in a ...
Hegde Atmananda S AS Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Yenepoya Medical College , Mangalore, India - - 2014
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is as one of the most frequently injured ligaments in the modern contact sports scenario. Graft fixations can be achieved during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions by using either bioabsorbable screws or metal screws. The objective of this study was to compare the functional outcomes after ...
Jo Ah-Reum AR Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Jeonnam, South - - 2014
We compared the intraoperative varus-valgus stability from 0° to 90° of flexion and postoperative clinical outcomes in patients receiving TKA via either a single-radius femoral design (50 TKA, SR group) or multi-radius femoral design (50 TKA, MR group). We measured stabilities at 0°, 30°, 60° and 90° of flexion using ...
Kahn Timothy L TL Deparment of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Irvine Medical - - 2014
While total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been shown to have excellent outcomes, a significant proportion of patients experience relatively poor post-operative function. In this study, we test the hypothesis that the level of osteoarthritic symptoms in the contralateral knee at the time of TKA is associated with poorer post-operative outcomes ...
Altan Egemen E Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Medical Faculty, Medical School of Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
Natural consequence of repetitive ankle sprains is the chronic ankle instability. Objective of this study was to clarify the gait patterns of functional ankle instability (FAI) patients after arthroscopic synovectomy, but also assessment of postoperative recovery. Arthroscopic synovectomy was performed to 14 FAI patients with history of unilateral repetitive ankle ...
Raslan Furat F Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Wuerzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str. 11, 97080, Würzburg, - - 2014
A growing number of industrially manufactured implants have been developed in the last years for vertebral replacement in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF). Polyetheretherketone (PEEK)-cages are used in many centers, but outcome reports are scarce. This study assesses the clinical and radiological outcome after one- or two-level ACCF by ...
Li Da D Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Object The goal of this study was to evaluate surgical outcomes of pediatric brainstem cavernous malformations (CMs) and identify the risk factors associated with postoperative full recovery and rebleeding. Methods The clinical charts and radiographs from a series of 52 pediatric patients (37 male and 15 female; mean age 12.2 ...
Arab Samer A SA From the *Department of Anesthesia, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom Saudia Arabia; †Department of Anesthesia, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; and §Department of Anesthesia, Alexandria University, Alexandria, - - 2014
Although ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block has a good success rate, it remains unclear whether multiple injections are superior to single injection (SI). We compared the sensory block success rate of SI versus triple injection (TI). In this randomized double-blind study, 96 end-stage renal disease patients undergoing arteriovenous fistula creation or superficialization ...
Lionberger David R DR Suite 1020, Houston, - - 2014
Patient specific instrumentation (PSI) has recently been developed as a replacement for traditional instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The study aim was to assess efficiency via the mean total OR time using the PSI versus computer-assisted (CAS) TKAs with accuracy as a secondary endpoint. Sixty patients were randomized to ...
Isik Cengiz C Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Abant İzzet Baysal University Medical School, Abant İzzet Baysal University, 14280, Gölköy, Bolu, Turkey, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of intraarticular injection of ketamine or ketamine plus levobupivacaine on post-operative analgesia in patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscectomy. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was performed on 60 patients aged 18-65 years who planned to undergo elective arthroscopic meniscectomy. The patients were divided into three groups: the ketamine group ...
Hung Man M University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Selecting optimal patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments is critical to improving the quality of health care. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability, responsiveness, and efficiency of three PRO measures: the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure-Activity of Daily Living subscale (FAAM_ADL), the Foot Function Index 5-point verbal rating ...
Lewis John S JS Jr Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Ipsilateral hindfoot arthrodesis in combination with total ankle replacement (TAR) may diminish functional outcome and prosthesis survivorship compared to isolated TAR. We compared the outcome of isolated TAR to outcomes of TAR with ipsilateral hindfoot arthrodesis. In a consecutive series of 404 primary TARs in 396 patients, 70 patients (17.3%) ...
Kołtowski Lukasz - - 2014
Percutaneous treatment of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) became a standard and default mode of management as recommended by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with STEMI. The choice of vascular access is made by the ...
Nunes Flavia S FS Sleep Laboratory, Pulmonary Division, Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo Medical School, Av Dr Enéas Carvalho de Aguiar, 44, 05403-904, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for complications after surgery. However, OSA remains largely under recognized, and questionnaires designed to detect OSA have shown inconsistent results. Patients with cardiovascular diseases may not present with the typical symptoms of OSA. We therefore sought to compare the performance of ...
Batuwitage Bisanth B From the Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust (BB, AM, KN, SM, PC), CRUK Liverpool Cancer Trials Unit, University of Liverpool (DL) and Centre for Simulation and Patient Safety NHS North West (SM), Liverpool, - - 2014
The C-MAC D-blade is a new, highly angulated, videolaryngoscope blade designed for use in patients with difficult airways. Directing a tracheal tube into the trachea with any indirect viewing laryngoscope can be difficult, even with a good view of the laryngeal inlet. The aim of this study was to determine ...
Erdem Mehmet M Orthopaedic and Traumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey, - - 2014
One of the important factors in a successful arthroplasty is component alignment. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the fibular shaft reference technique is beneficial for the tibial component position on the postoperative plain radiograph after total knee arthroplasty. A total of 42 patients between 2009 ...
Laursen Mia K MK Orthopaedic Department, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9000, Aalborg, - - 2014
Counselling patients for or against athletic activities after well performed total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Level of evidence is low, and the current international guidelines are based on North American expert opinions in 2001 and 2008. Could technical and operative development and social or cultural differences ...
Kawano Yoshihisa Y Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8519, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic factors of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) after microvascular decompression (MVD), and to evaluate the volumetric parameters of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) cistern as a pathogenic factor and imaging predictor. This retrospective study included 70 patients with primary TN treated with pure ...
Abou-Chebl Alex A From the Texas Stroke Institute, Plano, TX (A.A.-C., V.J.); Departments of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Radiology, Medical College of Wisconsin/Froedtert Hospital, Atlanta, GA (O.O.Z., A.C.C., M.A.I.); Wellstar Neurosurgery Kennestone Hospital, Atlanta, GA (R.G.); Department of Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (C.-H.J.S. R.G.N.); Saint Luke's Kansas City, Kansas City, MO (C.O.M., W.E.H.); Department of Neurology, Delray Medical Center, Delray Beach, FL (N.M.-K.); California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA (J.D.E.); Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Baptist Cardiac and Vascular Institute, Miami, FL (I.L., G.D.); Alexian Brothers Medical Center, Elk Grove Village, IL (T.W.M., F.A.M.); Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR (H.B.); Department of Neurology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI (A.X.); Department of Radiology, West Virginia University Hospital, Morgantown, WV (A.T.R.); Departments of Neurology, Neurosurgery, Radiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN (M.T.F.); Provena Saint Joseph Medical Center, Joliet, IL (A.B.); Departments of Neurology, Neurosurgery, Radiology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA (T.N.N.); Desert Regional Medical Center, Palm Springs, CA (M.T.); University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS (M.G.A.); University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX (H.S.); Departments of Radiology, Neurology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (R.N.); Department of Radiology, Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (A.J.Y.); University of Texas, Houston, TX (P.R.C.); Department of Neurosurgery, Houston Methodist, Methodist Neurological Institute, Houston, TX (G.W.B.); Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO (R.K.); and University of Missouri, Columbia, MO - - 2014
Previous work that predated the availability of the safer stent-retriever devices has suggested that general anesthesia (GA) may have a negative impact on outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular therapy. We reviewed demographic, clinical, procedural (GA versus local anesthesia [LA], etc), and site-adjudicated angiographic and clinical outcomes ...
Inoa Violiza V University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Conn., - - 2014
Background: The NIH stroke scale (NIHSS) is an indispensable tool that aids in the determination of acute stroke prognosis and decision making. Patients with posterior circulation (PC) strokes often present with lower NIHSS scores, which may result in the withholding of thrombolytic treatment from these patients. However, whether these lower ...
Aviles-Olmos Iciar I Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, - - 2014
Background: Data from an open label randomised controlled trial have suggested possible advantages on both motor and non-motor measures in patients with Parkinson's disease following 12 months exposure to exenatide. Objective: Continued follow up of these same patients was performed to investigate whether these possible advantages persisted in the prolonged ...
Malham Gregory M GM *Neuroscience Institute, Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria 3121, Australia †Greg Malham Neurosurgeon, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia ‡Radiology Department, Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria 3121, Australia §NuVasive Australia/New Zealand, Melbourne, Victoria 3101, Australia ∥Neurosurgery Department, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, - - 2014
Prospective single surgeon non-randomized clinical study. To evaluate radiographic and clinical outcomes, by fixation type, in extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) patients and provide an algorithm for determining patients suitable for standalone XLIF. XLIF may be supplemented with pedicle screw fixation, however, since stabilizing structures remain intact, it is suggested ...
Murena L L Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Insubria, Ospedale di Circolo, Viale Borri 57, Varese, - - 2014
To evaluate and compare clinical results and complication rate of a standard and mini-invasive reconstruction technique for distal biceps tendon rupture. Twenty-eight cases of biceps tendon rupture were evaluated at mean 45-month follow-up. A standard anterior approach was used in 19 cases, and a less invasive anterior approach was used ...
Sun Ran R Department of Joint Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
This study aims to determine the outcome of double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using an allograft in comparison with ACL reconstruction using a double-bundle autograft or a single-bundle allograft. A total of 424 patients who accepted primary ACL reconstructions were divided randomly into three groups: double-bundle technique with autograft ...
Chin Kuen Y KY Department of Plastic Surgery, Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The popularity of open rhinoplasty has increased such that it is the first choice of approach for many surgeons undertaking primary rhinoplasty. Despite the benefits of this approach, the drawbacks are often not emphasized. We present a review, with quantitative assessment of 24 rhinoplasty patients using the cross-cartilaginous incision. This ...
Troche Michelle S MS Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, University of Florida, PO Box 117420, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA, - - 2014
The adverse effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery on swallowing could potentially exacerbate the natural deterioration of airway protection associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) degeneration and increase the incidence of aspiration pneumonia and associated death. There are no studies that compare swallowing outcomes associated with subthalamic nucleus (STN) versus ...
Poli Daniela D Department of Heart and Vessels, Thrombosis Centre, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Viale Morgagni, 85, 50134, Florence, Italy, - - 2014
Stroke prevention, achieved with oral anticoagulation therapy (OAT), is central to the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Well-managed OAT, as reflected by a long time in therapeutic range (TTR), is associated with good clinical outcomes. The SAME-TT2R2 score has been proposed to identify patients who will maintain a ...
Caplan N N Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK, - - 2014
Tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance (TT-TG) has been regarded as a useful tool for establishing therapeutic choices for patellar instability. Recently, it has been shown that TT-TG negatively correlated with the quadriceps angle, suggesting that if used individually, neither provide a valid measure of instability. This study aimed to compare TT-TG ...
Eggli S S Sonnenhof Orthopaedic Clinic, Swiss Leading Hospitals, Buchserstrasse 30, 3006, Bern, Switzerland, - - 2014
Replacement of the torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with a transplant is today`s gold standard. A new technique for preserving and healing the torn ACL is presented. Hypothesis: a dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) that provides continuous postinjury stability of the knee and ACL in combination with biological improvement of the ...
Kass-Hout Tareq T Department of Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Higher reperfusion rates have been established with endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). There are limited data on the comparative performance of mechanical thrombectomy devices. A retrospective single-center analysis was undertaken of all consecutive patients who underwent thrombectomy using Merci, Penumbra or stent retrievers (SR) from September 2010 to ...
Cürcani Mehtap M Department of Internal Medicine Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Atatürk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
To determine the effect of aromatherapy on pruritus observed in haemodialysis patients. Although the prevalence of pruritus in kidney failure has decreased in the recent years, pruritus is a difficult and serious problem which concerns the majority of haemodialysis patents and is hard to cure. A prospective, pretest-post-test quasi-experimental design ...
Nishida Keiichiro K Department of Human Morphology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama City, Japan; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama City, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the early clinical results of the reconstruction of problematic elbow joints due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using a PROSNAP linked elbow prosthesis (Kyocera Medical, Osaka, Japan) for total elbow arthroplasty. Seventeen elbows in 14 RA patients were replaced with a PROSNAP elbow with cement fixation. The ...
Shahian David M DM Department of Surgery and Center for Quality and Safety, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (DMS). Electronic address: - - 2014
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) is developing a portfolio of composite performance measures for the most commonly performed adult cardiac procedures. This manuscript describes the third composite measure in this series, aortic valve replacement (AVR) combined with coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). We identified all patients in the ...
Ellington Matthew M Scott & White Healthcare, Temple, TX, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The plateau-patella angle (PPA), recently introduced as a new and simpler method of measuring patellar height from the lateral radiograph, has the advantage of simplicity over previously described methods as it involves a single angular measurement without the need for calculations. The purpose of this study was to validate the ...
Słupik Anna A Division of Rehabilitation, Department of Physiotherapy, 2nd Medical Faculty, Medical University of Warsaw, - - 2014
Background. The aim of the study was to compare the authors' own modification of the Staffelstein-Score against the HSS Knee Score in the assessment of early results of knee arthroplasty. Material and methods. A total of 67 patients qualified for knee arthroplasty (average age 68.5 years) were examined. 62 patients ...
Flores Alan A Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
In acute ischemic stroke, although early recanalization predicts rapid neurological recovery, in some cases early reperfusion does not immediately correlate to clinical improvement as "stunned brain" patients. The cortical activity monitoring in stroke patients is usually performed to evaluate epileptic activity through electroencephalogram. Bispectral index (BIS) monitor the cortical activity ...
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