Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 3305
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Shi Qiang Q Endoscopy Center, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Background and study aims: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is accepted as an established treatment modality for superficial esophageal carcinoma (SEC). The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for postoperative stricture after ESD for SEC. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective study at a single institution. A ...
Gamez Ryan R From the Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
We sought to determine whether the design of 3 different double-lumen endobronchial tubes (DLT) (Rusch, Mallinckrodt, Fuji) has an effect on the ease of placement over an airway exchange catheter (AEC) using a video laryngoscope. A convenience sample of 17 anesthesia residents and fellows with at least 3 years of ...
Stathopoulos Ioannis P IP Third Orthopaedic Department, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Athens, General Hospital of Athens KAT, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of the unrevised part in one-component total hip arthroplasty revision (index operation). Forty-four patients (46 hips) with a mean age of 58years at the time of the index operation were included. At the final follow-up, 4 of the ...
Lewis Stephen J - - 2014
Study Design. Retrospective Analysis.Objective. To demonstrate the effectiveness of hook and rod constructs in safely and effectively closing thoracic osteotomiesSummary of Background Data. The outcomes of hook and rod instrumentation in osteotomies for the correction of kyphosis at the lumbar region of the spine has been described. Little literature exists ...
Lee Young-Seok YS Department of Neurosurgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study.Objective. To investigate and analyze the preoperative risk factors affecting subsidence after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) to reduce subsidence.Summary of Background Data. Subsidence following ACDF may be caused by various risk factors, although the related information is scarce.Methods. Seventy-eight patients who underwent single-level ACDF ...
He Baorong B Hong Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an, 710054, China, E-mail: hebr888@sohu.com Hong Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an, 710054, China. Hong Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an, 710054, China. Hong Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an, 710054, China. Hong Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an, 710054, - - 2014
Study Design. A prospective study was performed.Objective. To test the hypothesis that different pedicle screw insertion positions would increase the likelihood of superior adjacent segment degeneration (ASD).Summary of Background Data. Lumbar fusion surgery is a widely accepted treatment for lumbar diseases, such as lumbar stenosis, trauma, tumor and spondylolisthesis. Fusion ...
Cross Michael B MB Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, - - 2014
The literature available on the results after noncemented total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) in inflammatory arthritis is limited. Ten patients (7 women, 3 men; 14 elbows total) who underwent custom, noncemented TEA from 1988 to 1995 were retrospectively reviewed. The average age was 28 years (range, 17-45 years). Four patients (4 elbows) had ...
Vergnaud Estelle E Service d'Anesthésie Réanimation, Hôpital Universitaire Necker - Enfants Malades, Université Paris Descartes, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, - - 2014
Thoracic bioreactance is a noninvasive and continuous method of cardiac output (CO) measurement that is being developed in adult patients. Very little information is available on thoracic bioreactance use in children. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of a bioreactance device (NICOM(®) ; Cheetah Medical, Tel ...
Holzner Philipp P Department of General and Visceral Surgery, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2014
Aim The aim of the article is to investigate a new anastomotic technique compared with standardized intestinal anastomotic procedures. Materials and Methods A total of 32 male Wistar rats were randomized to three groups. In the Experimental Group (n = 10), the new double 90 degrees inversely rotated anastomosis was used, in the End ...
Liu Chuanghong - - 2014
Objective: In this study, based on clinical presentation and angiographic findings, we try to investigate the possibility to do transarterial embolization using Onyx to treat tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula (TDAVF). Particular attention will be given to the relationship between vascular anatomic characteristics and the clinical management. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed ...
Gözen Ali Serdar AS SLK Kliniken, urology, am gesundbrunnen 26, heilbronn, Germany, 74078, Germany ; - - 2014
Objectives: To compare postoperative pain levels, and postoperative morbidity between patients who underwent extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (EPLRP) concomitant hernia repair, and patients who underwent only EPLRP, by matched-pair analyses. Methods: From December 2003 to December 2012, 54 patients who underwent EPLRP with simultaneous hernia repair were consisted of Group ...
Meyerkort Daniel D School of Surgery, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, - - 2014
Both autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) and tibial tubercle transfer (TTT) have been used to treat chondral defects in the patellofemoral joint resulting in clinical improvement. Our study investigates the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) graft at 5-year follow-up to determine if it provides ...
Choo Seol Ho SH Department of Urology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 135-710, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare perioperative outcomes of transperitoneal (TP) and retroperitoneal (RP) robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RPN) by matched analysis using nephrometry systems. A total of 107 patients who underwent RPN by a single surgeon from December 2008 to June 2012 were analyzed; 57 patients underwent TP ...
Philippon Marc J MJ Department of BioMedical Engineering, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, 181 West Meadow Drive Suite 1000, Vail, CO, 81657, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive quantitative analysis of capsular thickness adjacent to the acetabular rim in clinically relevant locations. Dissections were performed and hip capsular measurements were recorded on 13 non-paired, fresh-frozen cadaveric hemi-pelvises using a coordinate measuring device. Measurements were taken for each clock-face ...
Kim Jae Kwang JK Department of Orthopedic Surgery School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea, - - 2014
Grip strength reflects functional status of the upper extremity and has been used in many of the clinical studies regarding upper extremity disease or fracture. However, the smallest difference in grip strength that a patient would notice as an improvement resulting from treatment (defined as the minimum clinically important difference ...
Ait-Oufella H H AP-HP, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Service de Réanimation Médicale, 184 rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine, 75571, Paris Cedex 12, France, - - 2014
During septic shock management, the evaluation of microvascular perfusion by skin analysis is of interest. We aimed to study the skin capillary refill time (CRT) in a selected septic shock population. We conducted a prospective observational study in a tertiary teaching hospital. After a preliminary study to calculate CRT reproducibility, ...
Waddell Bradford S BS Department of Orthopedics, Orthopedic Specialists of Louisiana, Shreveport, - - 2014
An effusion at the onset of viscosupplementation has been thought to diminish the efficacy and increase adverse event rates. This study compares efficacy of hylan G-F 20 in patients with and without an effusion. Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) received three weekly injections of hylan G-F 20. A total of ...
Alayed Nada N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Division of Clinical Epidemiology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
To examine the evidence of preemptive use of gabapentin in abdominal hysterectomy. We conducted an electronic based search using the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The following medical subject heading terms, keywords, and their combinations were used: "postoperative pain, hysterectomy, gynecologic ...
Shen Xiaolong X Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 301 Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072, - - 2014
Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF) has become an increasingly popular method of lumbar arthrodesis. However, there are few published studies comparing the clinical outcomes between unilateral and bilateral instrumented MIS TLIF. Sixty-five patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease were enrolled in this study. Thirty-one patients were randomized ...
Jonas Sam C SC Great Western Hospital, Marlborough Road, Swindon SN3 6BB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
A number of studies suggest that one advantage of a unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is ease of revision to a total knee replacement (TKR). We aimed to perform a cost/benefit analysis of patients undergoing this procedure at our centre to evaluate its economic viability. From our own prospective joint replacement ...
Piersanti Luigi L PhD Student, Faculty of Medicine, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the discomfort and surgical outcomes of a piezosurgery device with those of rotatory instruments in lower third molar extraction. A split-mouth, randomized, unblinded clinical study was designed; the 2 molars had to have the same extraction difficulty score. The test side was ...
Higuchi Masa-Aki MA Department of Neurology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is a valid therapeutic tool that ameliorates motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, apathy is one of the neuropsychiatric complications that may occur after STN-DBS surgery, and this may adversely influence the quality of life of patients despite significant motor improvement. ...
Hug Konstantin K Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Campus Virchow, Charité-Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of the arthroscopic knotless-anchor Speed-Bridge technique, in particular the pattern and the rate of retears. The results were compared with a modified Suture-Bridge knot-tying technique (mDR). The hypothesis is that arthroscopic knotless-anchor Speed-Bridge rotator cuff repair is ...
Galvin Rose - - 2014
The ABCD2 clinical prediction rule is a seven point summation of clinical factors independently predictive of stroke risk. The purpose of this cohort study is to validate the ABCD2 rule in a Bulgarian hospital up to three years after TIA. All consecutive admissions to an emergency department with symptoms of ...
Sagiroglu Gonul - - 2014
We aimed to compare patient-controlled thoracic or lumbar epidural analgesia methods after thoracotomy operations. One hundred and twenty patients were prospectively randomized to receive either thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA group) or lumbar epidural analgesia (LEA group). In both groups, epidural catheters were administered. Hemodynamic measurements, visual analog scale scores at ...
El Miedany Yasser Y Darent Valley Hospital, Dartford, Kent, UK, - - 2014
This study aims to identify the clinical predictors of arthritis in patients with psoriasis and to evaluate the use of musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) as a predictor for inflammatory structural progression in psoriatic patients. Measures of association (odds ratio (OR)) were tested, in a prospective, cohort 1-year follow-up study, between structural ...
El Shazly Ossama O Orthopedic Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical and functional outcome of endoscopic-assisted reconstruction of chronic ruptures of the Achilles tendon using free hamstring tendon autograft. We present a case series of 15 patients who had chronic ruptures of the Achilles tendon (>6 weeks earlier) and underwent endoscopic-assisted reconstruction with a free hamstring autograft. ...
Taniguchi Noboru N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan; Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair provides satisfactory results; however, there is still a high rate of re-tear. The objective of this study was to present a surface-holding technique that we recently developed for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in detail and to evaluate the clinical outcome as well as cuff repair integrity ...
Lubiatowski Przemysław P Department of Traumatology, Orthopaedics and Hand Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multiple human experiments have shown that articular lesions can have a negative effect on proprioception. The influence of total elbow arthroplasty on joint position sense has not been reported so far. The purpose of the study was to evaluate proprioception, defined as a joint position sense, after total elbow arthroplasty. ...
Myers Jennifer R JR St Luke's University Health Network, Bethlehem, - - 2014
Abdominal binders have been shown to improve postoperative pain and distress after major abdominal surgery. The effect of abdominal binders on cesarean delivery recovery has never been studied. This study looks at the effects of abdominal binders on postcesarean delivery pain and distress. All patients admitted to labor and delivery ...
Monaco Thomas A TA Veterinary Surgical Centers, Leesburg & Vienna, Virginia, USA (Monaco, Taylor, Langenbach, Gordon); Department of Statistics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA - - 2014
This study evaluated segmental measurement techniques for predicting immediate post-deployment intraluminal tracheal stent length in dogs with naturally occurring tracheal collapse. Radiographs of 12 client-owned dogs that underwent intraluminal tracheal stent placement were retrospectively reviewed. Tracheal lengths were divided into 1, 2, 3, or 4 equal segments. Stent lengths were ...
Celebi Saban S Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Taksim Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of rhinoplasty on subjective and objective assessment of nasal patency in patients who underwent rhinoplasty for cosmetic reasons only. Tertiary referral center. Prospective, clinical study. A total of 50 adult patients who underwent rhinoplasty were included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative photographs ...
Kaneko Yuko Y From the Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Factors relevant to the discordance between the patient global assessment (PGA) and estimator global assessment (EGA) in patients newly diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were examined. Seventy-five consecutive newly diagnosed patients with RA were prospectively enrolled. We used 3 models in which discordance between PGA and EGA at 12 months ...
Xu Ning N Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People's Republic of - - 2014
To compare the efficacy and safety of intramuscular meperidine injection with periprostatic nerve block (PNB) during transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. This study was carried out from July 2010 to June 2012 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China. This controlled, double-blinded, randomized study included 186 ...
Nemoto Daiki - - 2014
It has been reported that double-balloon colonoscopy (DBC) is useful for patients after failed colonoscopy. In most cases previously reported, expert colonoscopists have carried out DBC. However, DBC may not require significant expertise. The objective of the present study is to assess DBC carried out by an inexperienced colonoscopist in ...
Lee Jung Sub JS *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan †Medical Research Institute, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Republic of - - 2014
Prospective study. To analyze sagittal spinopelvic parameters in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. There are little data on the relationship between the sagittal spinopelvic parameters and AS. The study and control groups comprised 90 AS patients and 40 controls. Participants were classified into 3 groups: normal (n=40), sagittal balance (n=58), and ...
Ozkırış Mahmut M Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Bozok University Medical Faculty, Yozgat, - - 2014
This study was designed to investigate the topical anesthetic efficacy of four different solutions including lidocaine spray, bupivacaine, ropivacaine, and prilocaine used in patients undergoing transnasal fiberoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopic examination (TFL). The study included 200 patients who underwent anterior rhinoscopy and TFL examination as a part of routine otolaryngological evaluation in ...
Nagpal Manish M Department of Retina and Vitreous, Retina Foundation, Rajbhavan Road, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2014
Aim: To compare the efficacy of postoperative topical nepafenac (0.1%) with prednisolone acetate (1%) as anti-inflammatory agents in eyes undergoing Transscleral Sutureless Vitrectomy (TSV). Settings and Design: Prospective, double-blind, randomized, single center clinical study. Materials and Methods: Eighty eyes of 76 subjects, who underwent small gauge vitrectomy, were included in ...
Schoenthaler Martin M Department of Urology, , University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2014
Objective: To validate and evaluate the applicability of a new score to describe postsurgical analgesic consumption in urological and surgical patients across different categories of pain medications and the invasiveness of medical interventions. Materials and Methods: The cumulative analgesic consumption score (CACS) was determined for two cohorts of patients split ...
Arpali Emre E Istanbul Memorial Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the impact of lower pole calyceal anatomy on clearace of lower pole stones after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) by means of a new and previously defined radiographic measurement method. Materials and Methods: Sixty-four patients with solitary radiopaque lower pole kidney stones were enrolled in the study. Infundibulopelvic ...
Parikh Geeta P GP Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Smt. K. M. Mehta and Smt. G. R. Doshi Institute of Kidney Diseases and Research Center, Dr. H. L. Trivedi Institute of Transplantation Sciences, B. J. Medical College, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2014
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a common for managing renal calculi. Pain in the initial post operatie period is relieved by infiltration of local anaesthetic around the nephrostomy tract. We aimed to compare the analgesic efficacy of bupivacaine and ropivacaine. A total of 100 adult patients undergoing elective PCNL-under balanced general ...
Smet Luc De LD The Orthopaedic Department, University Hospitals, Leuven, - - 2014
The outcome of ulnar shortenings was compared with that of arthroscopic wafer resections for ulnar impaction (or abutment) syndrome in patients with a positive ulnar variance. The outcome was measured by DASH score, visual analog scale for pain, and working incapacity. The mean DASH score in the ulnar shortening group ...
Honca M - - 2014
The aim of this randomized controlled study was to compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy of intraperitoneal bupivacaine versus levobupivacaine in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We randomly divided 90 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy into 3 groups. A dose of 0.125% bupivacaine (Group B) 80 ml or 0.125% levobupivacaine (Group L) ...
Lee Young Seok YS Department of Neurosurgery, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
According to the recent development of minimally invasive spinal surgery, direct lumbar interbody fusion (DLIF) was introduced as an effective option to treat lumbar degenerative diseases. However, comprehensive results of DLIF have not been reported in Korea yet. The object of this study is to summarize radiological and clinical outcomes ...
Kim Ji Yong JY Department of Neurosurgery, Korean Armed Forces Busan Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the radiological and neurological outcomes between two atlantoaxial fusion method for atlantoaxial stabilization; C1 lateral mass-C2 pedicle screws (screw-rod constructs, SRC) versus C1-2 transarticular screws (TAS). Forty-one patients in whom atlantoaxial instability was treated with atlantoaxial fixation by SRC group (27 patients, ...
Xie Zhongcong Z Geriatric Anesthesia Research Unit, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA - - 2014
The neuropathogenesis of postoperative delirium remains unknown. Low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) βamyloid protein (Aβ) and high CSF Tau levels are associated with Alzheimer's disease. We therefore assessed whether lower preoperative CSF Aβ/Tau ratio was associated with higher incidence and greater severity of postoperative delirium. One hundred and fifty three participants ...
Becher Christoph C Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Anna-von-Borries-Str. 1-7, 30625, Hannover, Germany, - - 2014
To compare clinical and radiological outcomes of static and dynamic medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction techniques. In a retrospective, matched-paired, cohort analysis, 30 patients surgically treated for recurrent lateral patellar dislocation were divided into two groups of 15 patients matched for inclusion and exclusion criteria. The static technique group underwent ...
Bistolfi Alessandro A c/o Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, AO CTO/M, Adelaide Hospital, Via Zuretti 29, 10126, Turin, Italy, - - 2014
Mobile bearing (MB) knee prostheses were designed to improve the performances of the total knee arthroplasties (TKA). The clinical superiority of MB prosthesis compared to its fixed bearing counterpart has remained elusive. This study prospectively evaluates the cumulative survivorship, clinical, radiographic results, and complications of a large series of MB ...
Heikenfeld Roderich R Center for Orthopedics and Traumatology, St. Anna Hospital Herne, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results after endoscopic repair of partial superficial layer triceps tendon tears. Fourteen patients treated surgically between July 2005 and December 2012 were studied prospectively for 12 months. Indication for surgery was a partial detachment of the triceps tendon from the olecranon ...
Ali Abdulemir A Department of Orthopedics , Clinical Sciences, and the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register , Lund University and Skåne University - - 2014
Background and purpose - In 2003, an enquiry by the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register (SKAR) 2-7 years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) revealed patients who were dissatisfied with the outcome of their surgery but who had not been revised. 6 years later, we examined the dissatisfied patients in one Swedish ...
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