Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 3196
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Ha Kee-Yong KY Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
Study Design. A retrospective comparative studyObjective. To investigate adjacent segment pathology (ASP) after limited lumbar fusion in the treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS).Summary of Background Data. The assessment of appropriate surgical techniques for DLS remains one of the most controversial topics in spinal surgery. So far, there has been ...
Edelson Gordon G Orthopedic Department, Poriya Government Hospital, Tiberias, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Injection into the acromioclavicular (AC) joint is often inaccurate (approximately 50%) even in experienced hands. In light of new anatomic observations, we evaluate accuracy of an innovative ultrasound-guided method and follow the clinical course of successful therapeutic injections. Relevant anatomy was investigated in 200 three-dimensional computed tomography scans, 100 magnetic ...
Colin F F Clinique Chirurgicale et Traumatologique CCOT, CHU Hôtel-Dieu, 1, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44000 Nantes, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Supramalleolar osteotomy is an alternative surgical procedure for the management of asymmetric early arthritis of the ankle. The main goal of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological benefits of supramalleolar osteotomy. The secondary goal was to identify prognostic factors to help decide upon this therapeutic indication. ...
Sumi Tetsuo T Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Tokyo Medical University Hachiouji Medical Center, 1163 Tate-machi, Hachiouji, Tokyo 193-0998, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine if the POSSUM, SOFA, MPI, and SAS scores provide a better measure of severity for patients with prognostic factors undergoing surgery for colorectal perforation. Fifty-nine patients who underwent surgery between 1996 and 2012. We retrospectively reviewed background factors, blood and physiological test results, and intraoperative findings of patients ...
Lim Jun W JW Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Ninewells Hospital, DD1 9SY Dundee, United - - 2014
We compared the medium-term outcomes of age and gender matched patients with unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We retrospectively reviewed the pain, function and total knee society scores (KSS) for 602 UKAs and age and gender matched TKAs between 2001 and 2013. Function scores remained significantly ...
Marshall Deborah A DA Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Health Research Innovation Centre, Calgary, AB, Canada, - - 2014
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing was developed for younger, active patients as an alternative to THA, but it remains controversial. Study heterogeneity, inconsistent outcome definitions, and unstandardized outcome measures challenge our ability to compare arthroplasty outcomes studies. We asked how early revisions or reoperations (within 5 years of surgery) and overall revisions, adverse ...
Alimi Marjan M Weill Cornell Brain and Spine Institute, Department of Neurological - - 2014
Object Extreme lateral interbody fusion (ELIF) is a popular technique for anterior fixation of the thoracolumbar spine. Clinical and radiological outcome studies are required to assess safety and efficacy. The aim of this study was to describe the functional and radiological impact of ELIF in a degenerative disc disease population ...
Sandiford Nemandra A NA Department of Orthopaedics, Conquest Hospital, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex - - - 2014
We present the clinical and radiological results of a prospective study of a consecutive series of patients treated with the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) prosthesis between 1999 and 2006 and followed for six to 12 years.Patients were reviewed preoperatively and six, 12, 26 and 52 weeks postoperatively and annually thereafter. ...
Müller Sebastian S Department of Traumatology, University Hospital Basel, Spitalstrasse 21, 4031, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
Detailed biomechanical analysis including isokinetic muscle strength measurements after autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) are still rare, but might be of crucial importance for long-term outcomes. The present prospective study was performed to evaluate whether defect location had any influence on clinical and biomechanical outcomes 4 years after ACI. Forty-four patients with ...
Kim Jae-Yoon JY Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:There have been no studies on the postoperative morphological characteristics of the restored labrum at different glenoid locations and its clinical relevance after arthroscopic Bankart repair with suture anchors. PURPOSE:To analyze the morphological characteristics of the restored labrum at different locations of the glenoid and their relevance to clinical outcomes ...
van Diepen Sean S Divisions of Critical Care and Cardiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) are at increased risk for adverse events after noncardiac surgery. The Revised Cardiac Index (RCI) is commonly used to predict perioperative events; however, the prognostic utility of NVAF risk scores (CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and R2CHADS2) has not been evaluated in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. Using ...
van Oldenrijk Jakob J Department of Orthopedic Surgery , Orthopedic Research Center Amsterdam , Academic Medical - - 2014
Background and purpose - The aim of short-stem total hip arthroplasty is to preserve proximal bone stock for future revisions, to improve biomechanical reconstruction, and to make minimally invasive approaches easier. It is therefore being increasingly considered to be a sound alternative to conventional total hip arthroplasty, especially for young ...
Kim Sung-Jae SJ Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, C.P.O. Box 8044, 134, Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, South Korea. E-mail address for S.-J. Kim: sungjaekim@yuhs.ac. E-mail - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the postoperative outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and the anterior laxity of the uninjured knee. We retrospectively reviewed 163 patients who had undergone unilateral ACL reconstruction from January 2002 to August 2009. Patients were divided into three ...
Suter Valerie G A VG Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; Department of Oral Medicine & Pathology, King's College London Dental Institute, London, United - - 2014
In experimental animal studies, pulsing the CO2 laser beam has been shown to reduce the thermal damage zone of excised oral mucosal tissue. However, there is still controversy over whether this is borne out under clinical conditions. To compare the outcome following excisional biopsies of fibrous hyperplasias using a pulsed ...
Sokal David C DC *Clinical Sciences Unit, FHI 360, Durham, NC; †Center for Male Reproductive Medicine and Microsurgery, Department of Urology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY; ‡University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia; §EngenderHealth, Kisumu, Kenya; ‖Homa Bay District Hospital, Homa Bay, Kenya; ¶EngenderHealth, New York, NY; #Society for Family Health, Lusaka, Zambia; and **Copperbelt University School of Medicine, Kitwe, - - 2014
To compare clinical profiles of Shang Ring versus conventional circumcisions. Parallel group open-label randomized controlled trial with one-to-one allocations in 2 sites. We enrolled HIV-negative men aged 18-54 years in Homa Bay, Kenya, and Lusaka, Zambia and followed them at 2, 7, 14, 21, 28, 42, and 60 days after ...
Niraj G G Department of Anaesthesia, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, - - 2014
Posterior transversus abdominis plane blocks have been reported to be an effective method of providing analgesia after lower abdominal surgery. We compared the efficacy of a novel technique of providing continuous transversus abdominis plane analgesia with epidural analgesia in patients on an enhanced recovery programme following laparoscopic colorectal surgery. A ...
McCabe Michael P MP Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate our outcomes of arthroscopic remplissage in this setting. A retrospective review was performed to identify patients who underwent arthroscopic remplissage of an engaging Hill-Sachs lesion along with anterior capsulolabral reconstruction for anterior glenohumeral instability with moderate glenohumeral bone loss at our institution. Thirty-five patients, with ...
Ng Dennis Zhaowen DZ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, National University Hospital, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the clinical outcome between the use of knotless sutures versus knot-tying sutures in arthroscopic Bankart repairs. Between January 2007 and January 2011, 87 patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair with the use of knot-tying suture anchors or knotless suture anchors were evaluated, with 45 patients in the knot-tying ...
Charousset Christophe C Institut Osteo Articulaire Paris Courcelles, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcome of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with the use of leukocyte-platelet-rich plasma (L-PRP) in patients with large or massive rotator cuff tears. A comparative cohort of patients with large or massive rotator cuff tears undergoing arthroscopic repair was studied. Two consecutive ...
Skeldon Sean C SC Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
To investigate whether the amount of striated muscle (SM) removed with the apical aspect of the prostate at prostatectomy can be predictive of postprostatectomy urinary incontinence (UI). The records of 61 consecutive patients seen in follow-up after prostatectomy were reviewed. Complete clinical data were collected. Two uropathologists reviewed the hematoxylin ...
Ji Yong Bae YB 1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University , Seoul, Korea - - 2014
Abstract Background: Although the excellent short-term cosmesis after robotic/endoscopic thyroidectomy has been reported, the long-term cosmetic outcome is not yet known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term cosmetic outcome of robotic/endoscopic thyroidectomy. Patients and Methods: We compared 147 patients who underwent robotic or endoscopic thyroidectomy using ...
Pulido Luis L Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55902, USA, - - 2014
Although highly porous metals have demonstrated excellent bone ingrowth properties and so are an intriguing option for fixation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), some surgeons are skeptical about the durability of uncemented tibial fixation and the potential for soft tissues to adhere to these porous metals and perhaps cause knee ...
Almog Yehoshua Y Department of Ophthalmology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Sava, - - 2014
Exophthalmometry is clinically important for diagnoses, follow-up, and treatment decision-making. Through the years, several drawbacks and sources of error have been described when using Hertel and other exophthalmometers. We describe a simple method of non-touch slit-lamp exophthalmometry. Comparing the results between Hertel and slit-lamp exophthalmometry on 60 patients with proptosis ...
Rasmussen J V JV Herlev University Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730 Herlev, - - 2014
In this study, we evaluated patient-reported outcomes, the rate of revision and the indications for revision following resurfacing hemiarthroplasty of the shoulder in patients with osteoarthritis. All patients with osteoarthritis who underwent primary resurfacing hemiarthroplasty and reported to the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry (DSR), between January 2006 and December 2010 ...
Giuseffi S A SA Mississippi Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, 1325 E. Fortification St. Jackson, Mississippi 39202, - - 2014
Short uncemented humeral stems can preserve humeral bone stock and facilitate revision surgery but may be prone to malalignment or loosening, especially when used in reverse total shoulder replacement (TSR). We undertook a retrospective review of 44 patients with a mean age of 76 years (59 to 92) who underwent ...
Messé Steven R SR Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The incidence and impact of clinical stroke and silent radiographic cerebral infarction complicating open surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) are poorly characterized. We performed a prospective cohort study of subjects ≥ 65 years of age undergoing AVR for calcific aortic stenosis. Subjects were evaluated by neurologists pre-operatively and post-operatively, and ...
Tan Ji-Xiang JX Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, - - 2014
Objective: To analyze the extent of postoperative hip abductor insufficiency in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients undergoing anterolateral minimally invasive (ALMI) approach, and to investigate whether the clinical outcomes are more favorable in femoral neck fracture (FNF) patients than in non-femoral neck fracture (nFNF) patients. Methods: A total of ...
Rasmussen Jeppe V JV Department of Orthopedic Surgery , Herlev University Hospital , - - 2014
Purpose - We used patient-reported outcome and risk of revision to compare hemiarthroplasty (HA) with total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and stemmed hemiarthroplasty (SHA) with resurfacing hemiarthroplasty (RHA) in patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Patients and methods - We included all patients reported to the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry (DSR) between January ...
Waldman Neil N The Emergency Department, Southland Hospital, Invercargill, New - - 2014
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that topical tetracaine would be safe to use for 24 hours and would not affect corneal healing, that patients would experience more pain relief, and that patients would perceive tetracaine to be more effective than saline eye drops for the treatment ...
Xu R R Department of Anesthesiology, Ninth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China. - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on myocardium in cardiac surgery and provide evidence for clinical anesthesia practice. Literature about the protective effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on myocardium in cardiac surgery published before March, 2012 was retrieved from the database of PubMed and EMBASE. The quality ...
Lee Young Ji YJ Department of Ophthalmology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To determine patient-based scar assessment after direct browplasty for correction of brow ptosis between Asian female patients with and without brow tattoos. A retrospective study with questionnaire via telephone interview. A total of 30 female Asian patients underwent direct browplasty from January 2008 to December 2011. The Patient Scar Assessment ...
Akhavanakbari Godrat G Department of Anesthesiology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine is commonly used for post-operative pain after major surgery. Ketamine has analgesic property at lower doses, and in combination with opioids it could have synergistic effect. The aim of this study is to determine effects of the addition of ketamine to morphine for PCA ...
Kraiwattanapong Chaiwat C Department of Orthopaedics, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
A prospective cohort. To report the short and long term outcomes of fluoroscopically guided lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) patients. TFESI has been widely used for the treatment of lumbosacral radicular pains. However, to our knowledge, there has been no study which has evaluated ...
Witoon Nattawat N Department of Neurosurgery, Prasat Neurological Institute, Bangkok, - - 2014
A retrospective study. To investigate clinical and radiological outcomes when using spinous process as a tricortical autograft for segmental spinal fusion in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Interbody spinal fusion is one of the important procedures in spinal surgery. Many types of autografts are harvested at the expense of complications. ...
Tang Y H YH Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong - - 2014
PURPOSE. To compare the outcome of fixed-bearing posterior-stabilised versus cruciate-substituting prostheses in 46 patients who underwent primary bilateral total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS. Records of 35 women and 11 men aged 54 to 78 (mean, 67) years who underwent primary bilateral TKR for osteoarthritis (n=44) and rheumatoid arthritis (n=2) were ...
Ji T T Musculoskeletal Tumor Center, People's Hospital, Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To report on the use of the Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System (LARS) to enhance joint stability and functional outcome in proximal humeral endoprosthesis reconstruction. METHODS. Two men and 5 women aged 16 to 66 (mean, 28) years underwent wide resection of tumour and endoprosthesis reconstruction of the proximal humerus ...
Marudanayagam A A University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff, United - - 2014
PURPOSE. To report the outcome of fusion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) using the Fyxis plate and compression screws. METHODS. Medical records of 12 men and 39 women (54 feet) aged 28 to 74 (mean, 58) years who underwent primary fusion of the first MTPJ using the Fyxis plate ...
Nishikawa M M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Koseinenkin Hospital, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate disease activity, knee function, and walking ability of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over 10 years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS. Four men and 26 women (mean age, 59.9 years) underwent 42 TKAs for RA with a mean duration of 151.3 months and were followed up ...
Kaur Jasleen J Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Gian Sagar Medical College & Hospital, Ram Nagar, Banur, Punjab, - - 2014
Epidural opioids acting through the spinal cord receptors improve the quality and duration of analgesia along with dose-sparing effect with the local anesthetics. The present study compared the efficacy and safety profile of epidurally administered butorphanol and fentanyl combined with bupivacaine (B). A total of 75 adult patients of either ...
Marmon Adam R AR University of Delaware, Newark DE, - - 2014
Deficits in functional abilities persist after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), while static measures of knee extensor strength (e.g. isometric contractions) are related to functional performance, little is known about the associations between functional ability and dynamic knee extensor strength (e.g. power). With the growing rate of these procedures, in a ...
Hegde Atmananda S AS Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Yenepoya Medical College , Mangalore, India - - 2014
Introduction: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is as one of the most frequently injured ligaments in the modern contact sports scenario. Graft fixations can be achieved during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions by using either bioabsorbable screws or metal screws. The objective of this study was to compare the functional outcomes ...
Jo Ah-Reum AR Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Jeonnam, South - - 2014
We compared the intraoperative varus-valgus stability from 0° to 90° of flexion and postoperative clinical outcomes in patients receiving TKA via either a single-radius femoral design (50 TKA, SR group) or multi-radius femoral design (50 TKA, MR group). We measured stabilities at 0°, 30°, 60° and 90° of flexion using ...
Kahn Timothy L TL Deparment of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Irvine Medical - - 2014
While total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been shown to have excellent outcomes, a significant proportion of patients experience relatively poor post-operative function. In this study, we test the hypothesis that the level of osteoarthritic symptoms in the contralateral knee at the time of TKA is associated with poorer post-operative outcomes ...
Altan Egemen E Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Medical Faculty, Medical School of Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
Natural consequence of repetitive ankle sprains is the chronic ankle instability. Objective of this study was to clarify the gait patterns of functional ankle instability (FAI) patients after arthroscopic synovectomy, but also assessment of postoperative recovery. Arthroscopic synovectomy was performed to 14 FAI patients with history of unilateral repetitive ankle ...
Raslan Furat F Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Wuerzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str. 11, 97080, Würzburg, - - 2014
A growing number of industrially manufactured implants have been developed in the last years for vertebral replacement in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF). Polyetheretherketone (PEEK)-cages are used in many centers, but outcome reports are scarce. This study assesses the clinical and radiological outcome after one- or two-level ACCF by ...
Li Da D Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Object The goal of this study was to evaluate surgical outcomes of pediatric brainstem cavernous malformations (CMs) and identify the risk factors associated with postoperative full recovery and rebleeding. Methods The clinical charts and radiographs from a series of 52 pediatric patients (37 male and 15 female; mean age 12.2 ...
Arab Samer A SA From the *Department of Anesthesia, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom Saudia Arabia; †Department of Anesthesia, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; and §Department of Anesthesia, Alexandria University, Alexandria, - - 2014
Although ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block has a good success rate, it remains unclear whether multiple injections are superior to single injection (SI). We compared the sensory block success rate of SI versus triple injection (TI). In this randomized double-blind study, 96 end-stage renal disease patients undergoing arteriovenous fistula creation or superficialization ...
Lionberger David R DR Suite 1020, Houston, - - 2014
Patient specific instrumentation (PSI) has recently been developed as a replacement for traditional instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The study aim was to assess efficiency via the mean total OR time using the PSI versus computer-assisted (CAS) TKAs with accuracy as a secondary endpoint. Sixty patients were randomized to ...
Isik Cengiz C Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Abant İzzet Baysal University Medical School, Abant İzzet Baysal University, 14280, Gölköy, Bolu, Turkey, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of intraarticular injection of ketamine or ketamine plus levobupivacaine on post-operative analgesia in patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscectomy. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was performed on 60 patients aged 18-65 years who planned to undergo elective arthroscopic meniscectomy. The patients were divided into three groups: the ketamine group ...
Hung Man M University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Selecting optimal patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments is critical to improving the quality of health care. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability, responsiveness, and efficiency of three PRO measures: the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure-Activity of Daily Living subscale (FAAM_ADL), the Foot Function Index 5-point verbal rating ...
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