Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1838
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Hu Baoji - - 2013
Recent studies showed that sore throat following endotracheal intubation was a common problem following surgery. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or cohort studies was to estimate whether the size of endotracheal tube (ETT) affects the incidence of postoperative sore throat (POST) ...
Takeuchi Yoji - - 2013
Background. Previously, we reported that the Flushknife (electrosurgical endoknife with a water-jet function) could reduce the operation time of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) however, suitable situation for the Flushknife was obscure. This subgroup analysis of a prospective randomized controlled trial was aimed to investigate the suitable situation for the ...
Isomoto Hajime - - 2013
Background and Aims. To explore the association of magnifying endoscopic (ME) findings with histopathology and relapse in ulcerative colitis (UC). Methods. Forty-six patients with UC underwent ME with narrow band imaging (NBI) and crystal violet staining and were followed for more than 12 months. ME findings with vital staining were ...
Choi Yong Sun YS Department of Urology, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
High-Performance System (HPS) laser photo vaporization of the prostate (PVP) is a widely used procedure nowadays. The safety and efficacy of the procedure has been affirmed in general patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), but data on the safety and efficacy in specific situations, such as in patients with a ...
Stronach Benjamin M BM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, - - 2013
Patient-specific instrumentation potentially improves surgical precision and decreases operative time in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but there is little supporting data to confirm this presumption. We asked whether patient-specific instrumentation would require infrequent intraoperative changes to replicate a single surgeon's preferences during TKA and whether patient-specific instrumentation guides would fit ...
Kataoka Mikinori M Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, International University Of Health and Welfare Mita Hospital, 1-4-3 Mita, Minatoku, Tokyo, 108-8329 - - 2013
We previously reported that safety and efficacy of mucosal cutting biopsy for diagnosing included 2 cm or less gastric GISTs. However, there have been no reports stating the clinicopathological characteristic and clinical handling of the patients with 2 cm or less gastric GISTs. The aim of our study is to investigate the ...
Hajihossainlou Behnam B Behnam Hajihossainlou, MD, Graduate Student in Clinical Research Program, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
To investigate the changes in characteristics of patients with infective endocarditis in Iran and comparing the results with the changing profiles of Infection Endocarditis (IE) in other countries. We studied all patients with definite or possible IE seen at four referral teaching hospitals in Iran from Jan. 1995 to Dec. ...
Freixa Xavier - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Amplatzer Cardiac Plug (ACP) is a relatively new system for left atrial appendage (LAA) closure. In general, the particular design of the device and the variability of the LAA anatomy make the sizing process challenging. The objective of our study was to analyze the impact of the shape ...
Yokokawa Miki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: While macro-reentrant atrial tachycardias (AT) have been reasonably well described, little is known about small reentrant circuits. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to compare characteristics of large and small reentrant circuits after ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Seventy-seven patients (age=61±10 years; LA=46±6 mm; EF=0.52±0.13) underwent ...
Lapner Peter L C - - 2012
Controversy exists regarding the optimal technique of subscapularis tendon mobilization during shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of the present randomized double-blind study was to compare two of these techniques-lesser tuberosity osteotomy and subscapularis peel-with regard to muscle strength and functional outcomes. Patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty were randomized to undergo either a ...
Takahashi Hirokazu - - 2012
To clarify the relationship of human rectal aberrant crypt foci and formation of colorectal polyp. Eighty-nine subjects were recruited from the population of Japanese individuals who underwent polypectomy at Yokohama City University Hospital. All patients had baseline adenomas removed at year 0 colonoscopy. Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were defined as ...
Rossi-Fedele G - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate if the immersion of chlorhexidine-impregnated gutta-percha points in chlorine-containing endodontic irrigants causes colour changes and precipitate formation. METHODOLOGY: Eighty-one size 25 chlorhexidine medicated (Activ Points, Roeko, Langenau, Germany) and 27 size 25 standard gutta-percha points (Roeko) were immersed in microtubes, containing the following solutions: 0.5 and 5.25% ...
Oyama Naoki - - 2012
Background: Various mechanisms can be considered in ischemic stroke with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusive diseases. We clarified the etiologic mechanisms from lesion patterns on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Methods: One hundred and twenty consecutive ischemic stroke patients with ipsilateral ICA occlusive diseases were enrolled and classified into 3 groups according ...
Brunner Simon - - 2012
Background/Aims: To monitor possible changes in the cumulated drusen or geographic atrophy area size (CDGAS) of nonexudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in patients before and after cataract surgery, using a new tool for computer-aided image quantification. Methods: Randomized, prospective, clinical trial. 54 patients with cataract and nonexudative AMD were randomly ...
Kim Dong Wook - - 2012
Objective: We aimed to assess the adequacy and efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) for small solid thyroid nodules (SSTNs) with the largest diameter <5 mm and compared these according to nodule size. Study Design: Among 656 SSTNs in 569 patients, each SSTN was classified into 1 of 4 ...
Hayashida Kentaro - - 2012
The goal of the study was to clarify the impact of post-procedural aortic regurgitation (post-AR) grade 2/4 on clinical outcomes. Post-AR >2/4 is known to be associated with poor short- to midterm outcome after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We compared clinical outcomes in 400 consecutive TAVI recipients according to ...
Siddiqi Hasan K - - 2012
Calcium channel blockade with nicardipine (NC) is an alternative to phenoxybenzamine (PB) preparation for resection of a pheochromocytoma. Intraoperative magnesium sulfate infusion (+MgSO(4)) is often used for its cardiovascular stabilizing properties. We hypothesized that preparation with NC would be similar clinically to PB for resection of a pheochromocytoma, and MgSO(4) ...
Gross Thomas P - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of osteonecrosis (ON) and osteoarthritis (OA) patients after metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA). We retrospectively reviewed our database and identified a study group of 122 HRA cases with the primary diagnosis of ON. A control group of 122 OA ...
McCormick J D - - 2012
Management decisions on unilateral orchiectomy are often influenced by the potential for post operative return to successful breeding. The effects of 2 surgical methods (first intention [FI] vs. second intention [SI] incision healing) for unilateral orchiectomy on resulting semen quality and scrotal temperature were evaluated. To evaluate the effects of ...
Thanakiatpinyo Thanitta - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of hand size on median and ulnar sensory NCS stimulation intensities and pain scores DESIGN: Prospective, single group design to compare main outcomes by using a standard distance of 14 cm versus proximal wrist crease in 3 different hand sizes SETTING: Electrodiagnostic lab, Siriraj Hospital, ...
Yoon James P JP Joint Replacement Institute at St. Vincent Medical Center, 2200 West Third Street, Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA 90057, - - 2013
Component design, size, acetabular orientation, patient gender, and activity level have been suggested as factors leading to elevated metal ion concentrations after-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (MMHRA). The calculation of the contact patch to rim (CPR) distance integrates component size, design, and acetabular orientation and may be a good predictor of ...
Dilisio Ralph - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate variables associated with vocal cord paralysis during complex aortic procedures. DESIGN: A retrospective review. SETTING: A tertiary care center. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred ninety-eight patients who underwent aortic surgery between 2002 and 2007. METHODS: Two groups were studied. Group A patients had ...
Yang D Y - - 2012
Cross-linked dextran and polymethylmethacrylate mixture (Lipen-10) is newly developed tissue filler. The purpose of this study was to evaluate tolerability and efficacy of Lipen-10 on penile enhancement. Twenty adult males were included in this study. Lipen-10 was injected into the subcutaneous tissue of the penile shaft. The penile girth and ...
Petrarca Robert - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report the optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) results of the Macular Epiretinal Brachytherapy in Treated Age-Related Macular Degeneration study. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, interventional, noncontrolled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-three eyes of 53 participants with chronic, active neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) requiring frequent anti-vascular endothelial ...
Vogt Jürgen - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate long-term outcomes of freedom from atrial fibrillation (AF) after pulmonary vein (PV) isolation using cryoballoon ablation with balloon-size selection based on individual PV diameters. BACKGROUND: Data are lacking on long-term outcomes from cryoablation and on the most effective balloon size. METHODS: ...
Shen Shan S Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and Neurodynamics, University of Reading, Reading, UK. - - 2013
To quantify to what extent the new registration method, DARTEL (Diffeomorphic Anatomical Registration Through Exponentiated Lie Algebra), may reduce the smoothing kernel width required and investigate the minimum group size necessary for voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies. A simulated atrophy approach was employed to explore the role of smoothing kernel, group ...
Mizoguchi Hiroki - - 2012
Prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) is always of concern when performing aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with a small aortic annulus. Although bioprosthetic AVR is preferred in patients older than 65 years, we have experienced cases in elderly patients with a small aortic annulus whereby we could not implant small-sized bioprosthetic ...
Erdem Selcuk - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of self-retaining barbed suture (SRBS) on reducing renorrhaphy time and warm ischemia time (WIT) during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN), in comparison with conventional polyglactin suture. Materials and Methods: Between February 2008 and June 2012, one hundred and fifteen patients underwent LPN for renal tumors at ...
Kang Kuang Horng-Jamie - - 2012
PURPOSE: The serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) operation tapers and lengthens dilated small bowel. Some patients demonstrate bowel re-dilation following STEP. Factors associated with bowel re-dilation and its effect upon clinical outcome were evaluated. METHODS: Twenty STEP operations were reviewed. Sixteen cases were operated for failure to advance enteral feeding and ...
Ahmadi Hamed - - 2012
PURPOSE: Orthotopic neobladder (ONB) reconstruction is the preferred method of urinary diversion following radical cystoprostatectomy (RC). We evaluated urinary functional outcomes in male patients following ONB using a patient questionnaire. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2009, patients with bladder cancer were enrolled in a clinical trial randomly assigned to ...
Queen Robin M - - 2012
Large head total hip arthroplasty (THA) and hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) are alternatives to standard THA that generally have head sizes larger than 36mm. This study examined 20 patients (10 large head THA and 10 HRA), at an average of 18months postoperatively, and 15 healthy control subjects during stair negotiation. ...
Romeo Andrew - - 2012
Object Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an alternative to shunt placement in children with hydrocephalus due to tectal plate gliomas (TPGs). However, controversy remains regarding the amount of ventricular size reduction that should be expected after ETV. This study investigates ventricular size change after ETV for TPGs. Methods Twenty-two children ...
Schouten R - - 2012
In a double-blinded randomised controlled trial, 83 patients with primary osteoarthritis of the hip received either a ceramic-on-metal (CoM) or metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacement (THR). The implants differed only in the bearing surfaces used. The serum levels of cobalt and chromium and functional outcome scores were compared pre-operatively and ...
Yuk Jin-Sung - - 2012
To compare the effectiveness and safety of 2 anterior transobturator mesh methods for treating anterior vaginal wall prolapse. Randomized controlled study (Canadian Task Force classification I). University hospital. Eighty-seven women with anterior vaginal wall prolapse stage ≥2 (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification [POP-Q]) underwent an anterior transobturator mesh procedure using macropore ...
Kuo Feng-Chih - - 2012
The ceramic-on-ceramic bearing surface has high wear resistance and good biocompatibility in total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the postoperative noise problem has been an important issue. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of bearing surface-related noises in patients with third-generation ceramic-on-ceramic THAs. ...
Mesihović-Dinarević Senka - - 2012
Objective. To determine the reliability of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in predicting the size of an atrial septal defect (ASD). Material and methods. The study included 16 patients who underwent the catheter-based procedures to close an atrial septal defect between February 2008 and December 2011 at the ...
Freedman Bruce - - 2012
SUMMARY:: The ideal technique to repair large hiatal and diaphragmatic defects remains controversial. Due to high recurrence rates with primary repair alone, attempts at crural reinforcement with various products has been investigated. Initial evaluation of synthetic mesh at the hiatus in retrospective studies led to the conclusion that there were ...
Thilen Stephan R - - 2012
Residual paralysis is common after general anesthesia involving administration of neuromuscular blocking drugs (NMBDs). Management of NMBDs and reversal is frequently guided by train-of-four (TOF) monitoring. We hypothesized that monitoring of eye muscles is associated with more frequent residual paralysis than monitoring at the adductor pollicis. This prospective cohort study ...
Diletti Roberto - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The long-term results after second generation everolimus eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS) placement in small vessels are unknown. Therefore, we investigated the impact of vessel size on long-term outcomes, after Absorb BVS implantation. METHODS: In ABSORB Cohort B Trial, out of the total study population (101 patients), 45 ...
Jiménez Francisco - - 2012
Epidermal sheets spread centrifugally postinjury from the hair follicle infundibulum to reepithelialize the wound bed. Healing progresses faster in skin areas rich in terminal hair follicles. These observations are consistent with the role of the hair follicle as a major reservoir for progenitor cells. To evaluate the feasibility and potential ...
Klamann Matthias K J - - 2012
Purpose. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical outcomes of a 1.8 mm, 2.2 mm, and 2.75 mm microcoaxial cataract surgery system.
Methods. In this retrospective study, 129 eyes of 129 patients were included. Patients underwent phacoemulsification using a Stellaris system or an Infiniti system. The incision size ...
Park S J - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the interobserver variability for US assessments of thyroid nodules and analyze the diagnostic performances of US assessments in thyroid nodules according to nodule size.Materials and Methods: This was an IRB-approved retrospective study with waiver of informed consent. A total of 400 surgically-confirmed thyroid nodules were included. Nodules ...
Renieri Leonardo - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) treatment is multidisciplinary, and the patient may undergo embolization, neurosurgery, or radio-surgery combined. Great improvement in endovascular techniques was provided by the introduction of Onyx with different kinds of approach. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the efficacy and the safety of Onyx embolization of brain AVMs with the ...
Derderian Trevor - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Balloon assisted maturation (BAM) is a recent, innovative, yet controversial method for developing autogenous arterio-venous fistulae (AVF), with little supportive data. Few retrospective studies have addressed the efficacy of BAM and cofactors affecting successful maturation. We conducted a retrospective analysis of our vascular access database to compare possible factors ...
Koltz Michael T - - 2013
The object of this study was to assess outcomes in patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS); lesions were stratified by size, symptomatology, and Spetzler-Martin (S-M) grade. The authors performed a retrospective analysis of 102 patients treated for an AVM with single-dose or staged-dose SRS ...
Cormio Luigi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the relationships between nephrostomy tube (NT) size and outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: The Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) prospectively collected data from consecutive patients treated with PCNL over a 1-year period at 96 participating centers worldwide. This report focuses on the 3,968 ...
Tanaka Toshihiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of particle size and course of action of superselective bland transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) on the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA). METHODS: Twenty pigs were divided into five groups: group 1a, 40-μm bland TAE before RFA; group 1b, 40-μm bland TAE after RFA; group 2a, ...
Teoh Anthony Yuen Bun AY Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. - - 2013
Limited endoscopic sphincterotomy with large balloon dilation (ESBD) is an alternative to endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) for removing bile duct stones, but it is not clear which procedure is most effective. We compared the 2 techniques in removal of bile duct stones. Between September 2005 and September 2011, 156 consecutive patients ...
Wang Xin - - 2012
Abstract Background: The current laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) procedure used for cirrhotic patients still has limitations. The aim of our study was to determine a standard according to the splenic size for hand-assisted LS (HALS) in patients with splenomegaly and hypersplenism due to cirrhosis. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospectively ...
Robb Curtis A - - 2012
The primary aim of this retrospective study was to determine the medium-term survival of autologous osteochondral grafts (mosaicplasty) in the knee. The secondary aims were to evaluate any reason for failure, and to ascertain if age, gender, BMI, previous or associated knee surgery, site or size of the osteochondral graft ...
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