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Solís-Muñoz Pablo - - 2014
Adenoma and polyp detection rates (ADR and PDR, respectively) are important indicators of endoscopy quality, particularly in colorectal carcinoma screening. To assess the influence of the endoscopist's experience on the ADR and PDR. In this study, 9635 colonoscopies were screened during a 5-year period. Only 5738 were finally analyzed due ...
Khan Faisal Aziz FA Department of Ophthalmology, Combined Military Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the corneal astigmatism before and after the excision of pterygium and also to determine the correlation of pterygium size with the postoperative corneal astigmatism. Study Design: Cross-sectional interventional study. Place and Duration of Study: Eye Department, Combined Military Hospital, Abbottabad, from May 2011 to March 2012. Methodology: ...
Shahzeb Khan Muhammad KM MBBS- Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, - - 2014
Background: Small aortic prosthesis can lead to prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM). Implanting such small prosthesis remains a controversial issue. This study was done to investigate whether or not PPM causes an increased operative mortality in aortic valve replacement (AVR).Methods: Two-hundred-two consecutive patients undergoing primary AVR in a tertiary hospital were included. ...
Parige R R Bolton Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Bolton, - - 2014
To study the outcome of all pigtail chest drain insertions to treat pneumothorax on our NNU To study the efficacy of different sizes of pigtail chest drains. Audit of all babies who developed pneumothoraces from June 2010 to May 2012 and re-audit from June 2012 to May 2013. Initial audit ...
Aslan Fatih F Department of Gastroenterology, Katip Çelebi University Atatürk Research and Training Hospital, İzmir, Turkey. - - 2014
The removal of small colon polyps by hot snare polypectomy (HP) is a commonly used method. Polypectomy with a cold snare (CP) has been increasingly utilized in recent years. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. Herein, we explored the efficacy and safety of each method. Between January 1, ...
Guerram Amine A Institute of Normal Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Strasbourg, - - 2014
The notion of absence of the frontal sinuses in human individuals presenting a persistence of the metopic suture is considered as classical in many treatises of reference; however, precise studies are very rare and even controversial. The purpose of this study was thus to provide original data to confirm or ...
Park Young Min YM Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University & Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study is the first to consider the effects of chalazion on corneal surface aberrations taking into account of corneal zones, and to establish the size standard for the excision of chalazion. Twenty three eyes from 23 patients with central upper eyelid chalazion larger than 3mm were recruited in this ...
Chaudhuri A A Bedfordshire - Milton Keynes Vascular Centre, Bedford Hospital NHS Trust, Bedford, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Small published series suggest a higher failure rate for Angio-Seal vascular closure device (VCD) deployment after antegrade femoral puncture, despite the need for shorter haemostasis times, early discharge, and possibly higher turnover. We seek to compare the deployment efficacy and complications of the Angio-Seal VCD between antegrade and retrograde femoral ...
Deniz Gokmen G Batman Medical Park Hospital, Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic, Batman, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in fatty degeneration and atrophy of rotator cuff muscles after arthroscopic repair. We further assessed the factors affecting the functional outcomes and integrity of the rotator cuff. One hundred and two prospectively followed patients who underwent single-row arthroscopic repair for ...
Hathorn Iain I St. Paul's Sinus Centre, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Balloon dilation is now commonly used to open sinus ostia while preserving mucosa and minimizing trauma. A new maxillary sinus ostium (MSO) self-dilation device that functions on the principle of osmosis, absorbing a small amount of fluid from the surrounding tissues, can be placed into the MSO under endoscopic visualization ...
Rush Ryan B RB Southwest Retina Specialists, 7411 Wallace Blvd., Amarillo, TX, 79106, USA; Panhandle Eye Group, 7400 Fleming Ave., Amarillo, TX 79106, USA; Texas Tech University Health Science Center, 1400 S. Coulter, Amarillo, Texas 79106, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the clinical implications of interval changes in choroidal neovascularization (CNV) size measured by indocyanine green (ICG) angiography in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients undergoing intravitreal bevacizumab therapy. Retrospective, consecutive chart review METHODS: The charts of neovascular AMD patients that underwent intravitreal bevacizumab therapy using a treat-and-extend dosing ...
Ad Niv N Department of Cardiac Surgery, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, Va. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the challenges that exists when discussing the Cox maze procedure for atrial fibrillation (AF) with patients is predicting the success for a given patient. The purpose of the present study was to develop a scoring system using well-established clinical factors to predict the probability of sinus rhythm (SR) ...
Grossman Daniel D Ibis Reproductive Health, Oakland, CA; Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare complication rates, efficacy and acceptability of buccal misoprostol to laminaria for cervical preparation before dilation and evacuation (D&E) in South Africa. We performed a randomized, single-blind trial comparing buccal misoprostol 400 mcg (1-2 doses, administered at least 3 h before D&E) to laminaria inserted the day before D&E ...
Bikhazi N - - 2014
The objective of this prospective, multicenter, randomized trial was to evaluate and compare 1-year outcomes from the REMODEL study between office balloon dilation and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Adults with maxillary chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), including those with anterior ethmoid disease, who failed medical management and were surgical candidates for ...
Yuen Jason J Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, - - 2014
Aim: To compare the risk of postoperative haemorrhage with different sizes of brain biopsy needles. Patients and Method: A cohort of patients using a 2.5-mm outer diameter side-cutting biopsy needle was compared to a subsequent cohort using a 1.8-mm needle of the same type. All data were collected prospectively. A ...
Kleinclauss François F University Hospital of Besancon, Dept of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Besançon, France ; - - 2014
OBJECTIVE Flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) for lower pole stones (LPS) compared to other renal locations can be challenging, due to anatomical and technical considerations. We aimed to compare stone free rate (SFR) and surgical complication rate with f-URS for LPS vs other renal locations. PATIENTS AND METHODS We carried out a ...
Kliger Chad C Lenox Hill Heart and Vascular Institute - North Shore/LIJ Health System, New York, NY, - - 2014
Aims: Structural deterioration and paravalvular leak (PVL) are complications associated with surgically implanted prosthetic valves, historically requiring reoperation. We present our experience of complete transcatheter repair of a degenerated mitral bioprosthesis. Methods and results: From March 2012 to October 2012, we reviewed consecutive, high-risk surgical patients (n=5) who underwent transcatheter ...
Abrams Geoffrey D GD Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine clinical results after combined femoral osteochondral allograft and meniscus transplantation. Thirty-two patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up were identified who had previously undergone combined meniscus allograft transplantation and fresh osteochondral allograft transplantation. Demographic and intraoperative data, including condylar defect size, as well as the preoperative and postoperative International ...
Yazici Haşmet H Balıkesir University, Faculty of Medicine, Ear Nose Throat Clinic, Balıkesir, - - 2014
To investigate pre- and postoperative mucociliary clearance in patients with adenoid hypertrophy or combined with otitis media with effusion. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1-patients with adenoid hypertrophy (AH), and Group 2-patients with AH and otitis media with effusion (AHOME). In all patients, AH size was recorded, and ...
Oloriz Teresa T 1Arrhythmia Unit and Electrophysiology Laboratories, Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, - - 2014
-The aim was to relate distinct scar distributions found in non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) with ventricular tachycardia (VT) morphology, late potential (LP) distribution, ablation strategy and outcome. -Eighty-seven patients underwent catheter ablation for drug-refractory VT. Based on endocardial unipolar voltage, 44 were classified as predominantly anteroseptal (AS) and 43 inferolateral (IL). ...
Songra Goldie G Senior specialist registrar, School of Oral and Dental Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the time to initial alignment and extraction space closure using conventional brackets and active and passive self-ligating brackets. One hundred adolescent patients 11 to 18 years of age undergoing maxillary and mandibular fixed appliance therapy after the extraction of 4 premolars were ...
Kamali Karmella K Medical Imaging Research Center, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
In patients who undergo median sternotomy to treat congenital heart diseases, a thymectomy is performed to yield better access to the cardiac system. In this study we have used MRI to evaluate the changes in size, shape and location of the thymus after midsternatomy. This case-control study was performed during ...
Saratzis Athanasios A Department of Research and Development, Dudley Group of Hospitals NHS Trust, Dudley, UK; Department of Vascular Surgery, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece; Department of Vascular Surgery, Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The impact of any intervention on renal function is a crucial determinant of outcome. Open (OR) and endovascular (EVAR) abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair can affect renal function during the short and longer term. This study aimed to directly compare the effect of those different types of aneurysm repair during ...
Beseoglu Kerim K Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Moorenstraße 5, 40225, Düsseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
Existing data on perfusion imaging assumes the perihemorrhagic zone (PHZ) in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) to be size steady. This study investigates the size of the perihemorrhagic zone (PHZ) in patients with lobar ICH in relation to hematoma volume during the course of treatment using perfusion CT (PCT). The ...
Lim Yun-Sung YS Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Korea; Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine and Medical Research Institute, Busan, - - 2014
We evaluated the efficacy and outcome of intracordal auricular cartilage injection in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Our interest developed from findings of a canine model study that reported that histologic characteristics of cartilage were preserved 2 and 3 years after intracordal autologous cartilage injection. Between May 2002 and ...
Constantine Kristin K KK Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Auricular reconstruction is a unique blend of cosmesis and functionality. The choice of the optimal framework material to use is an important decision for the patient with microtia. OBJECTIVE To evaluate and compare the outcomes of reconstruction of microtia using porous polyethylene implants and rib cartilage grafts. DESIGN, SETTING, ...
Hamid Amr M Salaheldin Abdel AM Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of dopamine agonist, Cabergoline, in decreasing the size of endometrioma, with that of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist, triptorelin acetate. This was a prospective, randomized study. The setting was in two private medical centers in the UAE, from January ...
Simhan Jay J Department of Urology, UT Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, - - 2014
Many patients with persistent incontinence after an AUS procedure gain improved continence following cuff downsizing. In 2010 a new, smaller AUS cuff was introduced (3.5cm). We hypothesized that men with spongiosal atrophy previously treated with a 4.0cm cuff now have decreased rates of revision surgery due to more accurate cuff ...
Maruyama Masaki M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Juntendo University School of - - 2014
Background: The Trifecta valve (St Jude Medical) is a novel supra-annular aortic bioprosthesis designed to improve hemodynamic performance. We hypothesized that the Trifecta may offer better hemodynamic performance in Japanese patients, in whom the annulus is smaller, compared with Western populations. We compared the early results of hemodynamic performance between the ...
Lin Wei W The State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases and West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China; Department of Cosmetic Surgery, The Third Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu 610031, - - 2014
This study was to investigate whether surgically created incisions in discs at different sizes would heal spontaneously. Thirty mature goats were randomly divided into group A (1 mm), group B (3 mm) and group C (5 mm) according to the length of incision on the discs. Five animals in each group were sacrificed ...
Mizuno Ken-Ichi K Department of Endoscopy, Niigata University Hospital, Niigata, - - 2014
Endoscopic removal of colorectal adenomatous polyps effectively prevents cancer. However, the treatment strategy for diminutive polyps (diameter ≤5 mm) remains controversial. Understanding the natural history of diminutive polyps is a prerequisite to their effective management. We prospectively examined the natural history of diminutive polyps by long-term surveillance colonoscopy. A total of ...
Jeong Woo-Jin WJ Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Classically, surgery has been the mainstay of management for vocal fold (VF) polyps. However, a significant portion of patients experience spontaneous regression and may not require surgery. OBJECTIVES To report the results of conservative management for VF polyps, identify patients with polyps that are more likely to resolve, and ...
Filardo Giuseppe G Nano-Biotechnology Laboratory, II Clinic, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Via di Barbiano 1/10, 40136, Bologna, - - 2014
Focal chondral and osteochondral knee lesions are a common condition, particularly hard to treat, and often involve young active patients with high expectations in terms of symptomatic relief and return to sports. Autologous osteochondral transplantation allows the defect area to be restored with hyaline cartilage. The aim of this study ...
Park H J HJ Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Objective: To compare the ablation volume, local tumour progression rate and complication rate of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) using 15-G and 17-G single electrodes. Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and informed consent was waived. We reviewed percutaneous RFA cases for ...
Huang Kenan - - 2014
Reconstruction of large-size abdominal wall defect (AWDs) is a huge challenge faced in current surgical practice. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of biodegradable poly-p-dioxanone (PDO) mesh for reconstructing large-size AWDs in an experimental canine model. Eighteen experimental canines were randomly and equally divided into ...
Ahmed A-F AF Department of Urology, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Urology, Salman Bin Abdul-Aziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi - - 2014
In a prospective manner, we studied the effect of varicocelectomy on premature ejaculation and testicular hormonal function in patients with varicocele. Microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy was carried out in 73 patients with clinical varicocele associated with premature ejaculation (group 1) and compared with 56 patients without operative intervention (group 2; control). ...
Demeyer Heleen - - 2014
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND There is a wide variability in measurement methodology of physical activity (PA). This study investigated the effect of different analysis techniques on the statistical power of PA outcomes after pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS PA was measured in 57 patients with COPD (mean±SD age, 66±7 years; FEV1, 46±17 % predicted) ...
Buddhe Sujatha S Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, New York, New York, USA; Seattle Children's Hospital, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Seattle, Washington, - - 2014
To evaluate factors associated with rapid rate of progression (ROP) of right ventricular (RV) dilation by cardiac MRI in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients. All patients with repaired TOF with two MRIs were included. RV volumes and function were assessed by MRIs performed on a GE 1.5 Tesla (T) ...
Murray Patrick J PJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
The outcome of 25 primary THAs in patients with hip dysplasia using the AML Bantam femoral stem (DePuy) is reported. Age at operation averaged 43±10years. Twenty-two of 25 stems were cementless. All cementless acetabular components had conventional or cross-linked polyethylene and screws. Follow-up averaged 11±5years (range 4-18). Four cementless stems ...
Schallhorn Steven - - 2014
To determine the relationship between low-light pupil size and patient-reported outcomes 1 month after wavefront-guided LASIK in young patients with myopia. Retrospective case series of 10,944 eyes of 5,563 young patients with myopia who underwent wavefront-guided LASIK (6.0-mm optical zone). Preoperative pupil size was measured under low-light conditions with an ...
Heidari Fatemeh F Nephrology and Urology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
The treatment of urethral stricture in female patients is through dilatation of the urethra by tubes of increasing diameter. There are two main methods: intermittent dilatation and on demand dilatation. The main aim of this study was to compare the results of these two methods, and to determine the best ...
Akhlaghi Nahid Mohammadzadeh NM Associate Professor, Endodontic Department, Dental Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2014
Canal preparation generates a substantial amount of debris and smear layer (SL). The size and taper of the Master Apical File (MAF) affects on penetration of irrigants and subsequently canal cleaning efficacy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of MAF size and taper on penetration of ...
Khuangsirikul Saradej - - 2014
Appropriate femoral sizing in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an important factor for flexion. An oversized femoral component will decrease flexion gap and postoperative flexion. By using custom cutting blocks technique with computed tomography (CT) imaging to design cutting blocks will help determine sizing of each patient. The differences of ...
Friesenbichler Joerg - - 2014
Artificial bone graft substitutes are widely used to fill bony defects after curettage of benign tumors. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of one such bone graft substitute, geneX®, which contains tricalcium phosphate and calcium sulphate; however, during the course of this study we observed a high number of complications. ...
Lin Yang-Yu YY Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Medical Imaging and Intervention, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, - - 2014
One of the major concerns regarding the preclose technique is its influence on the diameter of the accessed common femoral artery (CFA). The aim of our study was to evaluate the CFA diameter change after percutaneous endovascular aortic repair (PEVAR) with the use of the preclose technique. From February 2012 ...
Eren Sabri Baki SB Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Bezmiâlem Vakif University, Fatih, Istanbul, - - 2014
This study introduces a new device to facilitate perforation size measurement during "butterfly" myringoplasty. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of 'otological compass' on short-term results of inlay cartilaginous 'butterfly' tympanoplasty technique in adult patients. Prospective, randomized, controlled, blinded. This study included 25 patients who underwent ...
Singh Bhupendra Pal BP Department of Urology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, - - 2014
To assess objective and subjective outcomes of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for the treatment of intermediate size (1-2 cm) inferior calyceal (IC) stones in a prospective randomized fashion. Between March 2011 and January 2013, 70 symptomatic adults who had isolated IC stone between 10 and ...
Fujii Masataka M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Science of Functional Recovery and Reconstruction, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8558, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of cyclops lesions and its relationship with the cross-sectional area of the intercondylar notch. For this study, 55 patients (24 male and 31 female) underwent follow-up arthroscopy after bi-socket anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring tendon grafts were included. All ...
Hoffmann Grischa G Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Objectives The impact of patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) on short-term and long-term mortality remains controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and severity of PPM and its impact on short-term survival in a large cohort of patients treated with isolated stented biological AVR ...
Caillaud Damien D The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International, Atlanta, Georgia; Center for Geographic Information Systems, College of Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, - - 2014
Since the 1980s, the Virunga mountain gorilla population has almost doubled, now reaching 480 individuals living in a 430-km(2) protected area. Analysis of the gorillas' ranging patterns can provide critical information on the extent and possible effects of competition for food and space. We analyzed 12 years of daily ranging ...
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