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Results 451 - 500 of 1866
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Li Aihua - - 2012
To evaluate the safety and efficiency of the Aihua (AH)-1 stone removal system (SRS) to treat bladder stones. Thirty five patients with of bladder stones >2 cm and with benign prostatic hyperplasia were treated by transurethral cystolithotripsy with the SRS and TURP. The results in these patients were compared with 14 ...
Taeshineetanakul Patamintita - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Radiosurgery as a potential treatment modality for brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) has 60-90% obliteration rates. OBJECTIVE:: To test whether AVM angioarchitecture determines obliteration rate following radiosurgery. METHODS:: Retrospective analysis of 139 patients with AVM who underwent radiosurgery. Multiple angioarchitectural characteristics were reviewed on conventional angiogram on the day of ...
Pellis Tommaso T Helicopter & Emergency Medical Service and Intensive Care, Santa Maria degli Angeli Hospital, Via Montereale 24, 33170 Pordenone, Italy. - - 2012
Pre-cordial thump (PT) relies on cardiac mechano-electric transduction to transform mechanically-delivered energy into an electrophysiologically relevant stimulus. Its use for emergency resuscitation has declined recent years, amidst concerns about effectiveness and side-effects. In addition, there is insufficient knowledge about bio-mechanical properties and mechanisms of PT. Using a PT-mechanics recorder, we ...
Mirbagheri M - - 2012
This study characterizes the recovery patterns of motor impairment after stroke, and uses neuromuscular measures of the elbow joint at 1 month after the event to predict the ensuing recovery patterns over 12 months. Motor impairment was assessed using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) of the upper extremity at various intervals ...
Bayrak Omer - - 2012
We aimed to analyze the changes in kidney function during the postoperative early period caused by the application of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL), which is commonly used in kidney stone surgery. PNL was performed in 80 patients (48 men, 32 women) with kidney stones. The mean age of the patients was ...
Antonarakis Gregory S - - 2012
SUMMARY The aims of this study were to investigate the value of pre-treatment maximal molar bite force as a predictive variable in determining post-treatment changes and stability following functional appliance treatment in Class II malocclusion children. Twenty-eight Class II malocclusion children having undergone functional appliance treatment were followed for at ...
Reddy Vivek Y - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between catheter contact force (CF) during irrigated catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation and clinical recurrences during follow-up. BACKGROUND: The clinical efficacy of catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation remains limited by difficulty in achieving durable pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). ...
Richardson P B - - 2012
Disconnection of an epidural catheter from its connector may result in patient harm and commonly requires resiting of the epidural. Clamp-connector designs such as the novel Portex EpiFuse™ potentially offer an improved safety profile over screw-cap designs such as the Tuohy-Borst, but comparative studies are limited. We therefore compared the ...
Urso Stefano - - 2012
Human homografts are frequently used to establish an anatomic continuity between the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and the pulmonary artery. Their limited availability, especially in small sizes, has encouraged the use of alternative strategies, such as size-reduced bicuspid homografts. The study aim was to analyze the follow up of ...
Babaee Neda - - 2012
Aphthous ulcer is one of the most common diseases of the oral cavity with no known effective treatment so far, which could cause severe discomfort in patients. Aloe vera (A.V.) is a tropical plant with anti-inflammatory and immunostimulant effects, which could be of benefit in a diversity of wound healing ...
Das Bikramjit - - 2012
The newest variation of the i-gel supraglottic airway is a pediatric version. This study was designed to investigate the usefulness of the size 2 i-gel compared with the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) and classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA) of the same size in anesthetized, paralyzed children. A prospective, randomized, ...
Vijaya Kumari K - - 2012
Vrana (wound) and its sequels play a major concern in the field of surgery as Vrana Ropana (wound healing) requires uneventful healing. The aim of the study was to evaluate the changes in physical and morphological properties due to topical application of Madhu (honey) on fresh traumatic wounds or cutaneous ...
Perez-Andujar A - - 2012
Purpose: A lower than ideal tolerance limit is used in intensity-modulated radiation therapy quality assurance (IMRT QA) with a 2D diode array due to passing rate fluctuations. The objective is to identify patterns in the passing rates to predict sources of uncertainty that can affect treatment delivery, for example, the ...
Sarkissian Carl - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of a novel ureteral occlusion device and compare its performance with that of other devices and guidewires. METHODS: The XenX (Xenolith Medical) was tested in an ex vivo porcine model to determine the percentage of denuded urothelium because of manipulation within the ureter, the capacity ...
Leibundgut Gregor - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the longitudinal compression behavior of platinum-chromium everolimus-eluting stents, evaluate frequency of inadvertent longitudinal compression during percutaneous intervention, and define patient and lesion related predictors of this complication. BACKGROUN: Platinum-chromium stents of Element family have unique design features to improve flexibility that may, however, impair longitudinal stability. Incidence ...
Simic Milena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if increased lateral trunk lean towards the symptomatic limb during gait in people with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) immediately alters symptoms or medial knee load, measured by the external knee adduction moment (KAM). METHODS: Participants with medial knee OA (n=22) underwent 3-dimensional gait analysis (8-camera VICON, 3 ...
Bries Andrew D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty has shown promising early and midterm results; however, complication rates remain a concern. Glenoid loosening and notching, for example, can be deleterious to the long-term success. A 15° inferior inclination angle has been shown to offer the most uniform compressive forces across the base plate ...
Ballon Alexander - - 2012
After two decades of the use of resorbable miniplates, new polymer compositions for resorbable osteosynthesis are still being developed to make the handling and outcome of operations even more predictable and give higher stability to the repositioned segments. This study investigates a new resorbable osteosynthesis system in orthognathic patients. 50 ...
Ebenezer M - - 2012
In this study, the factors affecting functional outcomes of opponens replacement in median nerve paralysis in leprosy, were investigated. Fifty six patients who underwent opponens transfer between 1995 and 2001 were included in the study. The average duration of follow up is 7.3 years with a range of 4-10 years. ...
Goyal Bk B Senior Advisor, Kolkata - - - 2012
Hysteroscopic surgery requires pre-operative cervical ripening to facilitate adequate dilatation of the cervix for insertion of operative hysteroscope. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of intracervical misoprostol with vaginal misoprostol in achieving cervical ripening before operative hysteroscopy. In this randomised comparative study conducted at a tertiary care teaching ...
Fuzaro Amanda C - - 2012
Previous studies show that chronic hemiparetic patients after stroke, presents inabilities to perform movements in paretic hemibody. This inability is induced by positive reinforcement of unsuccessful attempts, a concept called learned non-use. Forced use therapy (FUT) and constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT) were developed with the goal of reversing the ...
van der Peijl G J W - - 2012
Objectives: To report the outcome of unilateral surgery, by a plantaromedial approach, in 15 Labrador Retrievers with osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) of the medial trochlear ridge of the talus. To evaluate the influence on outcome of age at surgery, bilateral involvement, periarticular soft tissue increase (PSI), osteophyte size (OS), decrease of ...
Dias J J - - 2012
The use of force-time curves in rheumatoid hands was investigated to assess peak force, average force, total grip time, area under the curve, and variability of the plateau region of the curves to identify the impact of different rheumatoid hand deformities on grip strength. We studied 43 patients - 10 ...
Huang Wan-Fu - - 2012
Carpet layers have a high prevalence of occupational knee morbidity. One of the main causes is that they need to frequently 'kick' the bumper on the rear end of the knee kicker with one knee when laying a carpet. Considering the bumper's marked effects on kicking force transmission and safety, ...
Turcot Katia - - 2012
This study investigated the full-body strategies utilized during a sit-to-stand (STS) task in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and the association between STS alterations and clinical measurements. Twenty-five patients with advanced knee OA and twenty healthy elderly adults were recruited to participate in this study. Patients were asked to stand ...
Vaghadia H - - 2012
This is a study comparing two short-acting local anesthetics lidocaine and 2-chloroprocaine in combination with fentanyl, to provide selective spinal anesthesia for outpatient transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). In this prospective, randomized double-blind study, selective spinal anesthesia was performed in 40 American Society of Anesthesiologists I-III outpatients undergoing TURP ...
Kramers-de Quervain Inès A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To perform a prospective evaluation of gait before and 2years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and examine the influence of comorbidity and other joint problems on gait characteristics and their improvement after TKA. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients scheduled for TKA took part (34 men, 65±10y; 77 women, ...
Schoenmakers Karin P W - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One of the advantages of ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block is that visualization of local anesthetic spread allows for a reduction in dose. However, little is known about the effect of dose reduction on sensory and motor block duration. The purpose of the present study was to compare ...
Düger Cevdet - - 2012
This study was designed to evaluate the anesthetic, analgesic and side effects of spinal, epidural and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia with the addition of morphine for lumbar laminectomy. A total of 66 patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy were included in the present study of whom 64 completed the study. Patients were randomly ...
Yıldırım Yavuz Selim YS Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Elbistan State Hospital, 46300 Karaelbistan, Kahramanmaras - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate the amount of residual adenoid tissue following the conventional adenoidectomy as compared with preoperative values. A total of 32 girls and 44 boys (range, 3-15 years) in whom adenoidectomy procedure was planned were included in the study. Adenoid tissue sizes before adenoidectomy and residual tissue ...
Aulisa Angelo G - - 2012
The Progressive Action Short Brace (PASB) is a custom-made thoraco-lumbar-sacral orthosis (TLSO), devised in 1976 by Dr. Lorenzo Aulisa (Institute of Orthopedics at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy). The PASB was designed to overcome the limits imposed by the trunk anatomy. Indeed, the particular geometry of ...
Ozgul Mehmet Akif - - 2012
Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) provides guidance for primary screening of the central airways. The aim of our study was assessing the contribution of multidetector computed tomography- two dimensional reconstruction in the management of patients with tracheobronchial stenosis prior to the procedure and during a short follow up period of ...
Nyarangi-Dix J N - - 2012
We prospectively investigated whether routine evaluation of the vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) after radical prostatectomy can be waived. Primary integrity of the VUA was analysed by an intraoperative methylene-blue test (IMBT) and postoperatively by conventional cystography. Data on the IMBT, contrast extravasation and prostate volume as well as pad usage were ...
Kim Sung Hoon - - 2012
Lumbar spinal stenosis is a commonly treated with epidural injections of local anesthetics and corticosteroids, however, these therapies may relieve leg pain for weeks to months but do not influence functional status. Furthermore, the majority of patients report no substantial symptom change over the repeated treatment. Utilizing balloon catheters, we ...
Jaiswal Parag K - - 2012
Total Knee Replacement is used to treat pain, stiffness and reduced range of movement. It has been estimated that a minimum of 90 degrees of range of motion in the knee is required for normal activities of daily living. In this article we demonstrate a technical note with a small ...
Malvankar Seema - - 2012
Lateral wedges were originally proposed to manage medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee but recent reviews suggest that lateral wedges do not affect disease progression. We performed a systematic review to analyse the recent literature and define how effective, if at all, lateral wedges are in the management of medial ...
Musa Hassan Gubara - - 2012
The management of chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) poses a great challenge to the treating physician and surgeon. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors, clinical presentation, and outcomes associated with chronic DFU>6 months' duration. This prospective study was performed in Jabir Abu Eliz Diabetic Centre ...
Arsenijevic Slobodan - - 2012
Cervical dilation using mechanical dilators is associated with various complications, such as uterine perforation, cervical laceration, infections and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. To achieve safe and painless cervical dilation, we constructed a new medical device to achieve confident mechanical cervical dilation: a continuous controllable balloon dilator (CCBD). Controlled pumping of incompressible fluid ...
Liu Li - - 2012
Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) has been reported as helpful in identifying hypervolemia. Observation data showed that hypervolemic maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients identified using BIA methods have higher mortality risk. However, it is not known if BIA-guided fluid management can improve MHD patients' survival. The objectives of the BOCOMO study are to ...
Drüen S S Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Hannover, - - 2012
To date it is unclear whether cementless total hip replacement (THR) in dogs is of clinical advantage in comparison to cemented THR with regard to lameness improvement. Thus the aim of this study was to compare objectively the development of the gait pattern after cemented and cementless THR in dogs. ...
Dayan Kamil - - 2011
AIMS: Although hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment following spinal cord injury (SCI) have been studied in terms of neurological function and tissue histology, there is a limited number studies on spinal cord tissue enzyme levels. MAIN METHODS: The effect of HBO treatment in SCI was investigated by measuring superoxide dismutase (SOD), ...
Robertson Carrie E - - 2012
To investigate the long-term outcome of patients with spinal cord infarct (SCI) and identify prognostic predictors. We reviewed 115 patients with SCI treated between 1990 and 2007. Severity of impairment was defined using the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scoring. Functional outcome endpoints were ambulatory status, need for bladder catheterization, ...
van Hedel Hubertus J A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: . To assess the reliability of the electrical perception threshold (EPT) in healthy participants and its responsiveness in patients for 6 months after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: . The reliability of EPT measures was assessed in 15 healthy volunteers (from C3 to S2). EPT measures were assessed ...
Cellura Eleonora - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a relentlessly progressive disorder, early diagnosis allows a prompt start with the specific drug riluzole and an accurate palliative care planning. ALS at onset may however mimic several disorders, some of them treatable (e.g., multifocal motor neuropathy) or epidemiologically more frequent (e.g., cervical ...
Laur John J - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Practitioners mix faster-onset, intermediate-duration local anesthetics (LAs) with slower-onset, long-duration LAs to get fast peripheral nerve block (PNB) onset and long duration. We hypothesized that 1.5% mepivacaine (with epinephrine) (mepivacaine) or 1.5% mepivacaine (with epinephrine) mixed with 0.5% bupivacaine (mixed) would reduce PNB sensory onset by 20% ...
García-Ruiz Pedro J - - 2011
ABSTRACT: The causes and mechanism behind motor complications in Parkinson disease (PD) are still a subject of debate. Several factors including age at onset, evolution in years, and initial medication can influence the onset and severity of motor complications in PD.We studied patients with recent diagnosis of PD who were ...
Momin Suhael R - - 2011
Interruption of the excitotoxic and inflammatory pathways implicated in endolymphatic hydrops (ELH)-associated hearing loss (HL) should afford hearing protection at the neuronal level. Previous work in our laboratory in the mouse model of ELH shows that dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), an anti-inflammatory solvent, can slow the progression of HL before neuronal ...
Poddubnyy Denis - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: To assess prospectively the rates and to explore predictors of radiographic spinal progression over two years in a cohort of patients with early axial spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS.: Two hundred and ten patients with axial SpA from the German Spondyloarthritis Inception Cohort (GESPIC) were selected for this analysis based on ...
Park Jin Hoon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although the transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) after spinal cord injury (SCI) has shown promising results in animals, less is known about the effects of autologous MSCs in human SCI. OBJECTIVE: To describe the long-term results of ten patients who underwent intramedullary direct MSCs transplantation into injured spinal ...
Zhao Xiaotao - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the surgical strategy of extensive laminectomy (with inner 1/4 facet joint resection to expose the origin of the nerve root) and to discuss its benefit for the treatment of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) with myelopathy. METHODS: From January 1998 to December 2005, 82 ...
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