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Results 451 - 500 of 1849
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Ballon Alexander - - 2012
After two decades of the use of resorbable miniplates, new polymer compositions for resorbable osteosynthesis are still being developed to make the handling and outcome of operations even more predictable and give higher stability to the repositioned segments. This study investigates a new resorbable osteosynthesis system in orthognathic patients. 50 ...
Ebenezer M - - 2012
In this study, the factors affecting functional outcomes of opponens replacement in median nerve paralysis in leprosy, were investigated. Fifty six patients who underwent opponens transfer between 1995 and 2001 were included in the study. The average duration of follow up is 7.3 years with a range of 4-10 years. ...
Goyal Bk B Senior Advisor, Kolkata - - - 2012
Hysteroscopic surgery requires pre-operative cervical ripening to facilitate adequate dilatation of the cervix for insertion of operative hysteroscope. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of intracervical misoprostol with vaginal misoprostol in achieving cervical ripening before operative hysteroscopy. In this randomised comparative study conducted at a tertiary care teaching ...
Fuzaro Amanda C - - 2012
Previous studies show that chronic hemiparetic patients after stroke, presents inabilities to perform movements in paretic hemibody. This inability is induced by positive reinforcement of unsuccessful attempts, a concept called learned non-use. Forced use therapy (FUT) and constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT) were developed with the goal of reversing the ...
van der Peijl G J W - - 2012
Objectives: To report the outcome of unilateral surgery, by a plantaromedial approach, in 15 Labrador Retrievers with osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) of the medial trochlear ridge of the talus. To evaluate the influence on outcome of age at surgery, bilateral involvement, periarticular soft tissue increase (PSI), osteophyte size (OS), decrease of ...
Dias J J - - 2012
The use of force-time curves in rheumatoid hands was investigated to assess peak force, average force, total grip time, area under the curve, and variability of the plateau region of the curves to identify the impact of different rheumatoid hand deformities on grip strength. We studied 43 patients - 10 ...
Huang Wan-Fu - - 2012
Carpet layers have a high prevalence of occupational knee morbidity. One of the main causes is that they need to frequently 'kick' the bumper on the rear end of the knee kicker with one knee when laying a carpet. Considering the bumper's marked effects on kicking force transmission and safety, ...
Turcot Katia - - 2012
This study investigated the full-body strategies utilized during a sit-to-stand (STS) task in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and the association between STS alterations and clinical measurements. Twenty-five patients with advanced knee OA and twenty healthy elderly adults were recruited to participate in this study. Patients were asked to stand ...
Vaghadia H - - 2012
This is a study comparing two short-acting local anesthetics lidocaine and 2-chloroprocaine in combination with fentanyl, to provide selective spinal anesthesia for outpatient transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). In this prospective, randomized double-blind study, selective spinal anesthesia was performed in 40 American Society of Anesthesiologists I-III outpatients undergoing TURP ...
Kramers-de Quervain Inès A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To perform a prospective evaluation of gait before and 2years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and examine the influence of comorbidity and other joint problems on gait characteristics and their improvement after TKA. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients scheduled for TKA took part (34 men, 65±10y; 77 women, ...
Schoenmakers Karin P W - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One of the advantages of ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block is that visualization of local anesthetic spread allows for a reduction in dose. However, little is known about the effect of dose reduction on sensory and motor block duration. The purpose of the present study was to compare ...
Düger Cevdet - - 2012
This study was designed to evaluate the anesthetic, analgesic and side effects of spinal, epidural and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia with the addition of morphine for lumbar laminectomy. A total of 66 patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy were included in the present study of whom 64 completed the study. Patients were randomly ...
Yıldırım Yavuz Selim YS Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Elbistan State Hospital, 46300 Karaelbistan, Kahramanmaras - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate the amount of residual adenoid tissue following the conventional adenoidectomy as compared with preoperative values. A total of 32 girls and 44 boys (range, 3-15 years) in whom adenoidectomy procedure was planned were included in the study. Adenoid tissue sizes before adenoidectomy and residual tissue ...
Aulisa Angelo G - - 2012
The Progressive Action Short Brace (PASB) is a custom-made thoraco-lumbar-sacral orthosis (TLSO), devised in 1976 by Dr. Lorenzo Aulisa (Institute of Orthopedics at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy). The PASB was designed to overcome the limits imposed by the trunk anatomy. Indeed, the particular geometry of ...
Ozgul Mehmet Akif - - 2012
Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) provides guidance for primary screening of the central airways. The aim of our study was assessing the contribution of multidetector computed tomography- two dimensional reconstruction in the management of patients with tracheobronchial stenosis prior to the procedure and during a short follow up period of ...
Nyarangi-Dix J N - - 2012
We prospectively investigated whether routine evaluation of the vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) after radical prostatectomy can be waived. Primary integrity of the VUA was analysed by an intraoperative methylene-blue test (IMBT) and postoperatively by conventional cystography. Data on the IMBT, contrast extravasation and prostate volume as well as pad usage were ...
Kim Sung Hoon - - 2012
Lumbar spinal stenosis is a commonly treated with epidural injections of local anesthetics and corticosteroids, however, these therapies may relieve leg pain for weeks to months but do not influence functional status. Furthermore, the majority of patients report no substantial symptom change over the repeated treatment. Utilizing balloon catheters, we ...
Jaiswal Parag K - - 2012
Total Knee Replacement is used to treat pain, stiffness and reduced range of movement. It has been estimated that a minimum of 90 degrees of range of motion in the knee is required for normal activities of daily living. In this article we demonstrate a technical note with a small ...
Malvankar Seema - - 2012
Lateral wedges were originally proposed to manage medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee but recent reviews suggest that lateral wedges do not affect disease progression. We performed a systematic review to analyse the recent literature and define how effective, if at all, lateral wedges are in the management of medial ...
Musa Hassan Gubara - - 2012
The management of chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) poses a great challenge to the treating physician and surgeon. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors, clinical presentation, and outcomes associated with chronic DFU>6 months' duration. This prospective study was performed in Jabir Abu Eliz Diabetic Centre ...
Arsenijevic Slobodan - - 2012
Cervical dilation using mechanical dilators is associated with various complications, such as uterine perforation, cervical laceration, infections and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. To achieve safe and painless cervical dilation, we constructed a new medical device to achieve confident mechanical cervical dilation: a continuous controllable balloon dilator (CCBD). Controlled pumping of incompressible fluid ...
Liu Li - - 2012
Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) has been reported as helpful in identifying hypervolemia. Observation data showed that hypervolemic maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients identified using BIA methods have higher mortality risk. However, it is not known if BIA-guided fluid management can improve MHD patients' survival. The objectives of the BOCOMO study are to ...
Drüen S S Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Hannover, - - 2012
To date it is unclear whether cementless total hip replacement (THR) in dogs is of clinical advantage in comparison to cemented THR with regard to lameness improvement. Thus the aim of this study was to compare objectively the development of the gait pattern after cemented and cementless THR in dogs. ...
Dayan Kamil - - 2011
AIMS: Although hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment following spinal cord injury (SCI) have been studied in terms of neurological function and tissue histology, there is a limited number studies on spinal cord tissue enzyme levels. MAIN METHODS: The effect of HBO treatment in SCI was investigated by measuring superoxide dismutase (SOD), ...
Robertson Carrie E - - 2012
To investigate the long-term outcome of patients with spinal cord infarct (SCI) and identify prognostic predictors. We reviewed 115 patients with SCI treated between 1990 and 2007. Severity of impairment was defined using the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scoring. Functional outcome endpoints were ambulatory status, need for bladder catheterization, ...
van Hedel Hubertus J A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: . To assess the reliability of the electrical perception threshold (EPT) in healthy participants and its responsiveness in patients for 6 months after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: . The reliability of EPT measures was assessed in 15 healthy volunteers (from C3 to S2). EPT measures were assessed ...
Cellura Eleonora - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a relentlessly progressive disorder, early diagnosis allows a prompt start with the specific drug riluzole and an accurate palliative care planning. ALS at onset may however mimic several disorders, some of them treatable (e.g., multifocal motor neuropathy) or epidemiologically more frequent (e.g., cervical ...
Laur John J - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Practitioners mix faster-onset, intermediate-duration local anesthetics (LAs) with slower-onset, long-duration LAs to get fast peripheral nerve block (PNB) onset and long duration. We hypothesized that 1.5% mepivacaine (with epinephrine) (mepivacaine) or 1.5% mepivacaine (with epinephrine) mixed with 0.5% bupivacaine (mixed) would reduce PNB sensory onset by 20% ...
García-Ruiz Pedro J - - 2011
ABSTRACT: The causes and mechanism behind motor complications in Parkinson disease (PD) are still a subject of debate. Several factors including age at onset, evolution in years, and initial medication can influence the onset and severity of motor complications in PD.We studied patients with recent diagnosis of PD who were ...
Momin Suhael R - - 2011
Interruption of the excitotoxic and inflammatory pathways implicated in endolymphatic hydrops (ELH)-associated hearing loss (HL) should afford hearing protection at the neuronal level. Previous work in our laboratory in the mouse model of ELH shows that dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), an anti-inflammatory solvent, can slow the progression of HL before neuronal ...
Poddubnyy Denis - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: To assess prospectively the rates and to explore predictors of radiographic spinal progression over two years in a cohort of patients with early axial spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS.: Two hundred and ten patients with axial SpA from the German Spondyloarthritis Inception Cohort (GESPIC) were selected for this analysis based on ...
Park Jin Hoon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although the transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) after spinal cord injury (SCI) has shown promising results in animals, less is known about the effects of autologous MSCs in human SCI. OBJECTIVE: To describe the long-term results of ten patients who underwent intramedullary direct MSCs transplantation into injured spinal ...
Zhao Xiaotao - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the surgical strategy of extensive laminectomy (with inner 1/4 facet joint resection to expose the origin of the nerve root) and to discuss its benefit for the treatment of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) with myelopathy. METHODS: From January 1998 to December 2005, 82 ...
Katsumi Keiichi - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN:: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE:: To determine the clinical and imaging characteristics of postoperative C5 palsy after cervical open-door laminoplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Postoperative C5 palsy is a common complication of cervical laminoplasty, and although there are several hypotheses regarding its etiology, the pathogenesis and preventive measures remain ...
Yli Branka M - - 2011
Abstract Aim: To assess the effect of time of active pushing (TAP) on neonatal outcome. Materials and methods: The study population (n=36,432) was taken from a Swedish randomized control trial on intrapartum monitoring, a European Union fetal electrocardiogram trial, and from Mölndal Hospital. After validation of acid-base samples and TAP, ...
Lee Jae-Wook - - 2011
Various new delivery systems for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) have been introduced to improve its efficacy in osteogenesis. Of these, we have previously developed heparin-conjugated PLGA nanospheres (HCPN) as a long-term delivery system for BMP-2. In vitro studies have shown that the BMP-2 long-term delivery system enhances the ...
Kalani M Yashar S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pediatric spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare and complex lesions to treat. There are few reports of the endovascular and microsurgical treatment of these lesions in the pediatric population, and the treatment outcomes of these patients are not well described. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and radiographic outcomes of ...
Börjesson Mats - - 2011
Patients who continue to suffer from severe and disabling angina pectoris, despite optimum treatment in terms of conventional pharmacological therapy and/or revascularization procedures, have been termed as having refractory angina pectoris. The future group of patients with refractory angina pectoris will be different from today's patients and represent a 'moving ...
Ma Yuan Zheng - - 2012
There are few articles in the literature comparing outcomes between anterior and posterior instrumentation in the management of thoracic and lumbar spinal tuberculosis (TB). Between January 2004 and December 2009, 217 adult patients, average age 39 (range 16-67) years with thoracic and lumbar spinal TB were treated by anterior radical ...
Ruiz-Juretschke Fernando - - 2011
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are the most frequently occurring vascular malformations of the spinal cord but their optimal treatment remains contentious. We retrospectively analyzed 19 consecutive patients treated between 1996 and 2007. Endovascular embolization was considered the first treatment option for nine patients. Ten patients did not fulfill the ...
Liang Shan - - 2011
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, uniformly fatal, degenerative disorder of the upper motor neurons that does not currently have an effective treatment regimen. Here, we report two patients with ALS who were treated with 4 weeks of acupuncture injection point therapy using Enercel. These patients were administered 0.25-0.5 ...
Wu Jau-Ching - - 2011
ABSTRACT The optimal treatment strategy for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) depends on symptoms and is uncertain. Whether the risk of spinal cord injury (SCI) is increased in patients with cervical spinal stenosis or myelopathy caused by OPLL remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the risk of ...
Xiong Min - - 2011
Recent research based on various animal models has shown the neuroprotective effects of erythropoietin (EPO). However, few studies have examined such effects of EPO in the clinic. In this study we enrolled patients with spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury to investigate the clinical application of EPO and methylprednisolone (MP) for ...
Bani-Hashem Nadia - - 2011
Spinal anesthesia has the advantage that profound nerve block can be produced in a large part of the body by the relatively simple injection of a small amount of local anesthetic. Intrathecal local anesthetics have limited duration. Different additives have been used to prolong spinal anesthesia. The effect of corticosteroids ...
Shukla Deepika D Department of Anesthesiology, Lala Lajpat Rai Hospital (Halett), Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2011
No drug, used as adjuvant to spinal bupivacaine, has yet been identified that specifically inhibits nociception without its associated side-effects. This prospective randomized double-blind study was conducted to evaluate the onset and duration of sensory and motor block as well as perioperative analgesia and adverse effects of dexmedetomidine and magnesium ...
Khalili Gholamreza - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of additional magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) 100 mg to intrathecal (IT) isobaric 0.5% bupivacaine 3 ml on spinal anesthesia in patients undergoing lower extremity orthopedic surgery. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized clinical trial, 79 American Association of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I or II ...
McDonald Sarah - - 2011
Background:Minimizing hypotension associated with spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery by administration of IV fluids and vasopressors reduces fetal and maternal morbidity. Most studies have concentrated on noninvasive systolic blood pressure (SBP) measurements to evaluate the effect of such regimens. We used a suprasternal Doppler flow technique to measure maternal cardiac ...
Loubert Christian - - 2011
Background:Difficulties in inserting an epidural catheter while performing combined spinal-epidural anesthesia for cesarean delivery may lead to undue delays between the spinal injection of the local anesthetic mixture and the adoption of the supine position with lateral tilt. We hypothesized that this delay may affect the intrathecal distribution of local ...
de Jong Lex D - - 2011
de Jong LD, Hoonhorst MH, Stuive I, Dijkstra PU. Arm motor control as predictor for hypertonia after stroke: a prospective cohort study. To analyze the development of hypertonia in the hemiparetic elbow flexors, and to explore the predictive value of arm motor control on hypertonia in a cohort of first-ever ...
Sharma B - - 2011
The problem of tissue coring exists despite the availability of smaller gauge spinal needles with special tip designs. The aim of the study was to test the hypotheses that a) subarachnoid block given as a part of a combined spinal epidural intervention by needle-through-needle technique introduces a lesser number of ...
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