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Teoh Anthony Yuen Bun AY Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. - - 2013
Limited endoscopic sphincterotomy with large balloon dilation (ESBD) is an alternative to endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) for removing bile duct stones, but it is not clear which procedure is most effective. We compared the 2 techniques in removal of bile duct stones. Between September 2005 and September 2011, 156 consecutive patients ...
Wang Xin - - 2012
Abstract Background: The current laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) procedure used for cirrhotic patients still has limitations. The aim of our study was to determine a standard according to the splenic size for hand-assisted LS (HALS) in patients with splenomegaly and hypersplenism due to cirrhosis. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospectively ...
Robb Curtis A - - 2012
The primary aim of this retrospective study was to determine the medium-term survival of autologous osteochondral grafts (mosaicplasty) in the knee. The secondary aims were to evaluate any reason for failure, and to ascertain if age, gender, BMI, previous or associated knee surgery, site or size of the osteochondral graft ...
Shinde Ganesh - - 2012
The objective of the study was to study postoperative progress of modified extraperitoneal Caesarean section (MECS) technique (group A) and its comparison with standard transperitoneal Caesarean section (TCS) (group B). It is a prospective observational study with sample sizes of 93 and 105 for groups A and B, respectively, in ...
Levinson Mark M - - 2012
Introduction: A new and simple technique for eliminating residual leaks during mitral annuloplasty, called microsizing, is described.Methods: Microsizing is performed by moving one or more annuloplasty sutures from the outside to the inside of the prosthetic ring. This maneuver advances discrete segments of the annulus toward the opposing leaflet by ...
Ioi Hideki - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the size of buccal corridors on the assessment of attractive smile esthetics by Japanese and Korean orthodontists and orthodontic patients. Buccal corridors were modified digitally from 0% to 25% compared with the inner intercommissural width. Using a visual analog ...
Akhtar Raja Parvez - - 2012
Objective: To determine the effect of aortic prosthesis size on clinical outcome of patients undergoing double cardiac valve replacement (DVR). Study Design: A quasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Cardiac Surgery Department, Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore, Pakistan, from February 1996 to December 2008. Methodology: One hundred and forty ...
Kawano Cezar Teruyuki - - 2012
To evaluate the clinical and functional results of autologous trapezoidal plug single-block grafts fixed with absorbable chondral darts in patients with osteochondral knee lesions of varying sizes. Twenty-five patients underwent surgery from February 2000 to June 2008. Seventy-two percent of the patients were male, and the mean age was 29 ...
Burkiewicz Claudine Juliana Cristina Caznoch - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relation between vitamin D insufficiency and wound healing in patients with venous ulcers; to correlate vitamin D insufficiency with characteristics of the ulcer (size and pain) and to evaluate if reposition of vitamin D in these subjects expedites ulcer healing. METHODS: We selected 26 patients with ...
Tang Ri-Bo - - 2012
HATCH score is an established predictor of progression from paroxysmal to persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to determine if HATCH score could predict recurrence after catheter ablation of AF. The data of 488 consecutive paroxysmal AF patients who underwent an index circumferential pulmonary veins (PV) ...
Sadeghian Hakimeh - - 2012
The current study aims to identify demographic, clinical characteristics, echocardiographic and/or mitral valve morphological parameters that may predict the successful result of percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC).  The medical records of 196 patients (48 males, mean age: 42.7 ± 11.5 years) who underwent PTMC were reviewed. Prior to PTMC, a ...
Mitra Subhro - - 2012
The newest variation of i-gel is its pediatric version. This novel supraglottic airway device has the added advantage of a drain tube. In this study, we compared the effectiveness of size 2.5 i-gel with size 2.5 ProSeal LMA. This study was designed to investigate the usefulness of the size 2.5 ...
Yue Cheng - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: We investigated effects of ring size choosing strategy for Shang Ring male circumcision. 74 cases were recruited and assigned into the larger or smaller ring group. Compared to the larger ring group, there was shorter operation time (7.5±1.9 vs.6.7±1.4 min, P =0.035), and less blood loss (1.6±0.7 vs. 1.1±0.8 ...
Xu Y J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Post-operative sore throat (POST) has increasingly been a common clinical complication particularly in thyroid surgery. We conducted a trial to evaluate the effect of non-pharmacological [smaller-sized endotracheal tube (ETT)] combined with pharmacological intervention [lidocaine intravenous (i.v.)] on POST in women undergoing thyroid surgery. METHODS: Two hundred and forty patients ...
Freimann Florian Baptist - - 2012
Object Overdrainage of CSF remains an unsolved problem in shunt therapy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate treatment options on overdrainage-related events enabled by the new generation of adjustable gravity-assisted valves. Methods The authors retrospectively studied the clinical course of 250 consecutive adult patients with various etiologies ...
Kozacioglu Zafer - - 2012
To demonstrate the effect of the size of the resultant tunical defect after plaque excision on postoperative erectile function of patients with Peyronie's disease. The results of 38 patients with plaque excision and dermal grafting were reviewed from April 2007 to June 2011. History, physical examination, self-shot photograph, color duplex ...
Koc Sema - - 2012
The purpose of this prospective clinical trial was to evaluate the success rate of our newly developed surgical technique for fat graft myringoplasty (FGM). We also aimed to assess the correlations between the size of perforations and closure rates, as well as the results of re-gained hearing in successful cases ...
Arma─čan Abdullah - - 2012
Purpose: We present our initial experience with microperc in patients with moderate size renal calculi. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 30 patients (male: 14, female: 16) with moderate-sized (1-3 cm) kidney stones who underwent microperc between August 2011 and July 2012 was performed. The demographic values, peri-operative and postoperative measures ...
Weimar Timo - - 2012
The Ross operation is a complex procedure for aortic-valve replacement in which the pulmonary autograft is replaced by a homograft. However, homograft availability is becoming limited. This report evaluates the performance of porcine stentless-prostheses as an alternative pulmonary substitute. Echocardiographic results of two patient cohorts were compared at time of ...
Cai Pengde - - 2012
The higher failure rate of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in young, active patients remains a challenge for surgeons. Recently, larger-diameter femoral heads combined with an alumina matrix composite ceramic (BIOLOX Delta; CeramTec AG, Plochingen, Germany) articulation was developed to improve implant longevity and meet patients' activity demands while reducing the ...
Niclauss Lars - - 2012
In aortic valve surgery, the management of ascending aortic dilatation is not clearly defined. Guidelines recommend replacement at diameters of 50 mm, but the handling of borderline dilatation has not been detailed. Reduction aortoplasty has been proposed as a less invasive and safe option in the case of a smaller ...
Kim Y-H - - 2012
Despite many claims of good wear properties following total knee replacement (TKR) with an oxidised zirconium (OxZr) femoral component, there are conflicting clinical results. We hypothesised that there would be no difference in either the mid-term clinical and radiological outcomes or the characteristics of the polyethylene wear particles (weight, size ...
Patwa Jagadish J - - 2012
Paralysis of quadriceps muscle leads to severe disability as the knee is unstable and cannot be fully extended and locked in extension, which results in giving way of the knee joint. Because of this, the patient tries to get stability of the knee by various means like hand to knee ...
Blanke Philipp P Heart and Vascular Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29401, USA. - - 2012
This study sought to investigate pulsatile changes of the aortic annulus and their impact on prosthesis selection by computed tomography (CT). Precise noninvasive prosthesis sizing is a prerequisite for transcatheter aortic valve replacement. A total of 110 patients with severe aortic stenosis (mean age: 82.9 ± 8 years, mean aortic ...
Haas Nikolaus A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) was introduced in 2000 as an interventional procedure for the treatment of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) dysfunction. The new Edwards SAPIEN(™) pulmonic valve has reached CE certification at the end of 2010 thus offering an attractive alternative with extended sizes (23 and 26 mm) ...
Li Aihua - - 2012
To evaluate the safety and efficiency of the Aihua (AH)-1 stone removal system (SRS) to treat bladder stones. Thirty five patients with of bladder stones >2 cm and with benign prostatic hyperplasia were treated by transurethral cystolithotripsy with the SRS and TURP. The results in these patients were compared with 14 ...
Taeshineetanakul Patamintita - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Radiosurgery as a potential treatment modality for brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) has 60-90% obliteration rates. OBJECTIVE:: To test whether AVM angioarchitecture determines obliteration rate following radiosurgery. METHODS:: Retrospective analysis of 139 patients with AVM who underwent radiosurgery. Multiple angioarchitectural characteristics were reviewed on conventional angiogram on the day of ...
Pellis Tommaso T Helicopter & Emergency Medical Service and Intensive Care, Santa Maria degli Angeli Hospital, Via Montereale 24, 33170 Pordenone, Italy. - - 2012
Pre-cordial thump (PT) relies on cardiac mechano-electric transduction to transform mechanically-delivered energy into an electrophysiologically relevant stimulus. Its use for emergency resuscitation has declined recent years, amidst concerns about effectiveness and side-effects. In addition, there is insufficient knowledge about bio-mechanical properties and mechanisms of PT. Using a PT-mechanics recorder, we ...
Mirbagheri M - - 2012
This study characterizes the recovery patterns of motor impairment after stroke, and uses neuromuscular measures of the elbow joint at 1 month after the event to predict the ensuing recovery patterns over 12 months. Motor impairment was assessed using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) of the upper extremity at various intervals ...
Bayrak Omer - - 2012
We aimed to analyze the changes in kidney function during the postoperative early period caused by the application of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL), which is commonly used in kidney stone surgery. PNL was performed in 80 patients (48 men, 32 women) with kidney stones. The mean age of the patients was ...
Antonarakis Gregory S - - 2012
SUMMARY The aims of this study were to investigate the value of pre-treatment maximal molar bite force as a predictive variable in determining post-treatment changes and stability following functional appliance treatment in Class II malocclusion children. Twenty-eight Class II malocclusion children having undergone functional appliance treatment were followed for at ...
Reddy Vivek Y - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between catheter contact force (CF) during irrigated catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation and clinical recurrences during follow-up. BACKGROUND: The clinical efficacy of catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation remains limited by difficulty in achieving durable pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). ...
Richardson P B - - 2012
Disconnection of an epidural catheter from its connector may result in patient harm and commonly requires resiting of the epidural. Clamp-connector designs such as the novel Portex EpiFuse™ potentially offer an improved safety profile over screw-cap designs such as the Tuohy-Borst, but comparative studies are limited. We therefore compared the ...
Urso Stefano - - 2012
Human homografts are frequently used to establish an anatomic continuity between the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and the pulmonary artery. Their limited availability, especially in small sizes, has encouraged the use of alternative strategies, such as size-reduced bicuspid homografts. The study aim was to analyze the follow up of ...
Babaee Neda - - 2012
Aphthous ulcer is one of the most common diseases of the oral cavity with no known effective treatment so far, which could cause severe discomfort in patients. Aloe vera (A.V.) is a tropical plant with anti-inflammatory and immunostimulant effects, which could be of benefit in a diversity of wound healing ...
Das Bikramjit - - 2012
The newest variation of the i-gel supraglottic airway is a pediatric version. This study was designed to investigate the usefulness of the size 2 i-gel compared with the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) and classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA) of the same size in anesthetized, paralyzed children. A prospective, randomized, ...
Vijaya Kumari K - - 2012
Vrana (wound) and its sequels play a major concern in the field of surgery as Vrana Ropana (wound healing) requires uneventful healing. The aim of the study was to evaluate the changes in physical and morphological properties due to topical application of Madhu (honey) on fresh traumatic wounds or cutaneous ...
Okojie Nq - - 2012
Background: The addition of intrathecal magnesium to local anaesthetics for spinal anaesthesia had been shown to prolong the duration of spinal anaesthesia and reduced postoperative requirement for lower limb orthopaedic procedures and caesarean sections. Aim & Objectives: To determine the effect of intrathecal magnesium sulphate to bupivacaine spinal anaesthesia for ...
Perez-Andujar A - - 2012
Purpose: A lower than ideal tolerance limit is used in intensity-modulated radiation therapy quality assurance (IMRT QA) with a 2D diode array due to passing rate fluctuations. The objective is to identify patterns in the passing rates to predict sources of uncertainty that can affect treatment delivery, for example, the ...
Sarkissian Carl - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of a novel ureteral occlusion device and compare its performance with that of other devices and guidewires. METHODS: The XenX (Xenolith Medical) was tested in an ex vivo porcine model to determine the percentage of denuded urothelium because of manipulation within the ureter, the capacity ...
Leibundgut Gregor - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the longitudinal compression behavior of platinum-chromium everolimus-eluting stents, evaluate frequency of inadvertent longitudinal compression during percutaneous intervention, and define patient and lesion related predictors of this complication. BACKGROUN: Platinum-chromium stents of Element family have unique design features to improve flexibility that may, however, impair longitudinal stability. Incidence ...
Simic Milena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if increased lateral trunk lean towards the symptomatic limb during gait in people with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) immediately alters symptoms or medial knee load, measured by the external knee adduction moment (KAM). METHODS: Participants with medial knee OA (n=22) underwent 3-dimensional gait analysis (8-camera VICON, 3 ...
Bries Andrew D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty has shown promising early and midterm results; however, complication rates remain a concern. Glenoid loosening and notching, for example, can be deleterious to the long-term success. A 15° inferior inclination angle has been shown to offer the most uniform compressive forces across the base plate ...
Ballon Alexander - - 2012
After two decades of the use of resorbable miniplates, new polymer compositions for resorbable osteosynthesis are still being developed to make the handling and outcome of operations even more predictable and give higher stability to the repositioned segments. This study investigates a new resorbable osteosynthesis system in orthognathic patients. 50 ...
Ebenezer M - - 2012
In this study, the factors affecting functional outcomes of opponens replacement in median nerve paralysis in leprosy, were investigated. Fifty six patients who underwent opponens transfer between 1995 and 2001 were included in the study. The average duration of follow up is 7.3 years with a range of 4-10 years. ...
Goyal Bk B Senior Advisor, Kolkata - - - 2012
Hysteroscopic surgery requires pre-operative cervical ripening to facilitate adequate dilatation of the cervix for insertion of operative hysteroscope. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of intracervical misoprostol with vaginal misoprostol in achieving cervical ripening before operative hysteroscopy. In this randomised comparative study conducted at a tertiary care teaching ...
Fuzaro Amanda C - - 2012
Previous studies show that chronic hemiparetic patients after stroke, presents inabilities to perform movements in paretic hemibody. This inability is induced by positive reinforcement of unsuccessful attempts, a concept called learned non-use. Forced use therapy (FUT) and constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT) were developed with the goal of reversing the ...
van der Peijl G J W - - 2012
Objectives: To report the outcome of unilateral surgery, by a plantaromedial approach, in 15 Labrador Retrievers with osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) of the medial trochlear ridge of the talus. To evaluate the influence on outcome of age at surgery, bilateral involvement, periarticular soft tissue increase (PSI), osteophyte size (OS), decrease of ...
Dias J J - - 2012
The use of force-time curves in rheumatoid hands was investigated to assess peak force, average force, total grip time, area under the curve, and variability of the plateau region of the curves to identify the impact of different rheumatoid hand deformities on grip strength. We studied 43 patients - 10 ...
Huang Wan-Fu - - 2012
Carpet layers have a high prevalence of occupational knee morbidity. One of the main causes is that they need to frequently 'kick' the bumper on the rear end of the knee kicker with one knee when laying a carpet. Considering the bumper's marked effects on kicking force transmission and safety, ...
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