Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1291
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Unal Mustafa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pursestring suture for ascending aortic cannulation in open heart surgery that requires cardiopulmonary bypass may cause serious events, especially in patients who have a thin or calcific aorta. We introduce a novel suturing method, called the 'tangential suture technique', and submit our clinical experience. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing cardiopulmonary ...
Matsuura Kaoru - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The number of aortic surgeries has recently increased, with improvement of outcome due to the development of various novel operative techniques and adjuncts. Although the postoperative incidence of stroke, the most severe complication of aortic surgery, is still a matter of concern and has been described well previously, late ...
Quaniers J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: to determine the value of pharmacological treatment of type B aortic dissection (B AD) in face of new forms of treatment. DESIGN: this is a retrospective study of the period from 1990 to 2000. Files of 81 patients have been reviewed and completed by questionnaires. RESULTS: Two B AD ...
Kunihara Takashi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Hypothermic circulatory arrest has been an important tool in aortic arch surgery, even though its use has recently been discussed controversially. We sought to clarify the role of hypothermic circulatory arrest as a risk factor for mortality and neurologic morbidity in aortic surgery by using a propensity score-matching analysis. ...
Dong Xu Shang - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of stent graft in the treatment of aortic dissection and penetrating aortic ulcer. METHODS: From June 2001 to April 2004, 25 patients with aortic dissection and 5 patients with penetrating aortic ulcer received stent-graft implantation. Within this ...
Castelli Patrizio - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Patients with multilevel aortic disease represent a small subgroup with the need for extensive surgical treatment at considerable risk. We present our experience of endovascular exclusion for simultaneous thoracic and abdominal aortic disease in four patients. METHODS: Between January 2002 and January 2005, four patients underwent endovascular repair for ...
Pittaccio S - - 2005
Surgical interventions on the arterial wall can produce modifications to its tissue characteristics, and the addition of synthetic materials of different types can have implications on hemodynamics and blood vessel wall behavior. This work studies the midterm effects of end-to-end anastomosis (E/E), Gore-tex graft interposition (GGI) and Gore-tex patch graft ...
Williams Ismee A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Ross procedure is commonly used to treat aortic valve disease in pediatric and adult patients. For infants, data are limited regarding survival, reintervention, autograft growth, and function. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Ross procedure was performed in 27 infants <18 months of age (median age 5.7 months). All patients ...
Kallenbach Klaus - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This single center study assesses the outcome of aortic valve sparing reimplantation (AVS) in 284 consecutive patients who were operated on for various indications during the last 11 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: From July, 1993, to July, 2004, 284 patients underwent AVS. Mean age was 53+/-16 (range 8 to ...
Duebener Lennart F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Return of left ventricular mass to normal is considered to be a favorable result of aortic valve replacement. The Ross procedure provides near normal hemodynamics and thus allows studies of left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling. LV mass regression may be influenced by surgical technique (subcoronary [SC] versus root replacement ...
Selamet Tierney Elif Seda - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome and risk factors for implant failure in pediatric patients who underwent pulmonary position homograft placement for right ventricular outflow tract obstruction compared with conduit placement as a component of the Ross operation. Actuarial 5-year survivals for cryopreserved right ventricle-to-pulmonary ...
Tan M Erwin S H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the determinants of long-term outcome and modalities of late death after surgical treatment of acute type A dissection. METHODS: Between 1974 and 2001, 315 consecutive patients were operated on for acute type A aortic dissection. Operative mortality was 22.9%. A series of 243 survivors of surgical ...
Zain Zarin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Open surgical valvotomy and transcatheter balloon valvuloplasty are recognised treatments for neonatal critical aortic stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken of all newborns with critical aortic valve stenosis between 1990 and 2000 presenting to a tertiary centre and who required intervention. The initial catheter and surgical intervention was ...
Tamás Eva - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from chronic isolated aortic regurgitation have a less favorable outcome than patients with aortic stenosis. According to international recommendations, these patients should undergo surgery as soon as left ventricular function begins to deteriorate, that is, surgery is not to be postponed until clinical symptoms become relevant. HYPOTHESIS: ...
Ozkokeli Mehmet - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of aortic coarctation surgery in adult patients on arterial blood pressure in the early postoperative period. METHODS: Ninety-three adult patients (61 male, 32 female) aged 15-43 years who had operation since 1962 for aortic coarctation in Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular ...
Chang Chung-I - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Currently, prosthetic selection for aortic valve replacement is still debatable in pediatric patients with aortic valve disease. Ross procedure is a time-consuming and demanding technique which may produce good results. This study assessed the results obtained with various methods of right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction in ...
Pellikka Patricia A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the long-term outcome of a large, asymptomatic population with hemodynamically significant aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 622 patients with isolated, asymptomatic AS and peak systolic velocity > or =4 m/s by Doppler echocardiography who did not undergo surgery at the initial evaluation and ...
Cowell S Joanna - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Calcific aortic stenosis has many characteristics in common with atherosclerosis, including hypercholesterolemia. We hypothesized that intensive lipid-lowering therapy would halt the progression of calcific aortic stenosis or induce its regression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, patients with calcific aortic stenosis were randomly assigned to receive either 80 mg ...
Sobieski Michael A MA - - 2005
We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of using an intra-aortic filtration system for the prevention of particulate emboli transport and the minimization of significant postoperative complications associated with particulate emboli. Between October of 2000 and October 2001, a total of 146 patients were enrolled at Advocate Christ Medical Center as ...
Miyamoto Takashi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The excellent results for repair of truncus arteriosus reported in some centers have not applied to patients with associated interrupted aortic arch. This work aims at understanding the discrepancy of results in our own experience. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients among 83 consecutive children with truncus arteriosus repaired from ...
Vignon Philippe - - 2005
BACKGROUND: No objective criteria have been described to help selecting patients with major blunt aortic injury (BAI) for postponed surgical repair. The efficacy of conservative management of minor BAI needs further evaluation. METHODS: We studied 31 patients (Injury Severity Score, 48 +/- 15) who sustained a BAI diagnosed using transesophageal ...
Settepani Fabrizio - - 2005
This retrospective analysis of a selected series of Bentall-De Bono procedures was carried out in order to evaluate the performance of the Carboseal composite valve graft (Sulzer Carbomedics Inc, Austin, TX, USA). Between October 1997 and April 2004, 120 patients underwent aortic root replacement with the Carboseal Composite Valve Graft. ...
Dialetto Giovanni - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mid-term results of endovascular stent-grafting for type B aortic dissection, in comparison with those of standard medical therapy in uncomplicated cases. METHODS: Between January 1999 and 2004, among 56 patients (mean age 59.5+/-11.5 years) with type B aortic dissection, hypotensive medical therapy was the only treatment ...
Uchida Keiji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The treatment policy for acute intramural hematoma involving the ascending aorta remains controversial. METHODS: This study compared the pathologic characteristics of intramural hematoma with those of acute aortic dissection with a false lumen. The study group comprised 69 patients with intramural hematoma and 156 with acute aortic dissection who ...
Fesseha Assaf K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Some neonates with coarctation of the aorta (COA) present with cardiogenic shock and secondary end-organ injury. The management of this subgroup imposes unique challenges. We review our perioperative strategy and outcomes for neonates with COA who presented with cardiogenic shock. METHODS: Neonates (younger than 30 days) with isolated COA ...
Rousseau H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to comparatively evaluate surgery and stent-graft repair of acute or subacute traumatic aortic rupture. METHODS: A total of 76 patients (14-76 years old; mean, 37 years; male/female ratio, 63/11) with a traumatic aortic injury were admitted to our hospital between 1981 and 2003. Six patients ...
Thomson J D R - - 2006
To assess survival and long term arch patency rates in a consecutive group of children after extended arch repair for coarctation of the aorta. Review of 191 consecutive children (154 (81%) under 1 year of age) operated on between 1990 and 2002 by a single surgeon using extended arch reconstructive ...
Scognamiglio Roldano - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We examined the influence of medical treatment on the results of surgery in terms of long-term survival and functional results in patients with chronic, severe aortic regurgitation (AR). BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic patients with AR and a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) are at high risk because of a higher-than-expected ...
Zierer A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Antegrade cerebral perfusion has proved to be a reliable method of brain protection during surgery of thoracic aneurysms. In addition, the drawbacks of deep hypothermia may be avoided. This study examines the outcome after surgery for acute type A aortic dissections (AAD) using moderate (30 degrees C) systemic hypothermia ...
Weigang E - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The study's aim is to evaluate whether intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring with transcranial motor-evoked potentials (tcMEP) permits early recognition of neuronal lesions, thus making interventions to prevent irreversible spinal cord damage possible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: TcMEP monitoring was carried out in twelve patients (mean age 60 years) during open surgical ...
Halstead James C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The indications for aortic root replacement in acute type A dissection are unclear. We reviewed the immediate and long-term outcome of consecutive patients in a series in which a low-threshold policy of composite aortic root replacement had evolved. METHODS: From a prospectively compiled aortic surgery database, we identified 162 ...
Taketani Tsuyoshi - - 2005
This study was conducted to evaluate the long-term outcomes of surgical treatment for atypical aortic coarctation due to Takayasu's arteritis and to elucidate the factors that affected outcome. The outcomes of surgical treatment for atypical aortic coarctation complicating Takayasu's arteritis in 33 consecutive patients over the previous 44 years at ...
Koontz Curt S - - 2005
Vascular rings are usually repaired via left thoracotomy. We report our series of pediatric patients with vascular rings that were repaired thoracoscopically. From February 2002 to September 2004, 13 patients underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical techniques (VATS) division of their vascular ring. Chest magnetic resonance arterography (MRA) and/or computed tomographic arteriography ...
Hsu Ron-Bin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Optimal treatment of acute type B aortic dissection remain unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of acute type B aortic dissection. METHODS: In the last 8 years, 107 patients were admitted for acute type B aortic dissection. We medically treated patients at the ...
Rergkliang Chareonkiat - - 2005
Aortic valve repair in children is a challenge. We have adopted a technique of single aortic cusp extension with an autologous pericardial strip in patients diagnosed with severe aortic insufficiency (AI) associated with a ventricular septal defect (VSD). The purpose of this study was to report the short-term outcomes. Seven ...
Amarelli Cristiano - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the outcomes of aortic valve replacement with 17-mm mechanical prostheses in patients with isolated aortic stenosis. METHODS: Between January 1997 and January 2003, 35 patients (mean age, 63.4 +/- 17 years; median age, 70 years; age range, 16-84 years) underwent isolated aortic valve replacement with ...
Strauch Justus T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although the ultimate success of aortic operations depends upon the integrity of graft-to-aorta anastomoses, little is known about different techniques used to assure their longevity. We report the incidence of reoperation for suture line disruptions arising from anastomoses using reinforcement with Teflon felt. METHODS: Since 1987, 1475 patients underwent ...
Melissano G - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intra-operative performance and clinical outcome of a new commercially available stent-graft for the treatment of thoracic aortic diseases. METHODS AND PATIENTS: From January 2003 to October 2004, 45 consecutive patients received endovascular treatment with the Zenith TX1 device for diseases of the thoracic aorta at a ...
McElhinney Doff B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAVP) has become the first-line treatment for critical aortic stenosis (AS) in neonates. However, little is known about the growth and function of left heart structures or about patterns of reintervention on the left heart after neonatal BAVP. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1985 and 2002, ...
Karamlou Tara - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Aortic valvotomy is widely used for the treatment of congenital aortic stenosis in children. We sought to evaluate whether the predominant post-valvotomy physiology, aortic insufficiency (AI) or aortic stenosis (AS) independently affected patient outcome. METHODS: From 1972-2002, 57 children with congenital aortic stenosis underwent valvotomy. We divided age-matched patients ...
Fleck Tatjana M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the protective effect and the optimum duration of cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD) during and after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair. METHODS: From April 2001 to October 2003, we retrospectively compared 17 (n = 17) consecutive patients who have been electively operated on by Martin Grabenwoger for left ...
Sai Krishna C - - 2005
We reviewed our 3-year experience in treating interruption of the aorta in adult patients. Clinical profiles, surgical management, and results of early and mid-term follow-up are presented. From August 2001 through June 2003, 7 adult patients underwent an extra-anatomic bypass procedure to repair interruption of the aortic arch. Five patients ...
Yekeler Ibrahim - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothermic total circulatory arrest, retrograde or antegrade cerebral perfusion, and open distal anastomosis are important stages of surgical management and cerebral protection for acute type A dissections. Among the factors that influence survival are the transfer time to hospital from the onset of symptoms, in-hospital transfer time to operation, ...
Nakajima Takayuki - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether the development of mid-term redissection after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection using gelatin-resorcin-formalin (GRF) glue could be prevented by applying less formalin. METHODS: Between 1995 and 1999, 59 patients underwent surgery with GRF glue to repair acute type A aortic dissection. Forty-one patients underwent ...
Erentug Vedat - - 2005
Subaortic stenosis (SAS) is a wide spectrum of anatomical derangements ranging from a discrete fibrous membrane to tortuous fibrous tunnel with or without aortic annulus hypoplasia. We have reviewed 88 patients undergoing surgery for SAS over a 15-year period. There were 47 male and 41 female patients with a mean ...
Sueyoshi Eijun - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical course and therapeutic strategy of patients with type B aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) are not completely known. The purpose of this study was to clarify long-term prognosis of patients with type B IMH by comparison with type B classic aortic dissection (AD). METHODS: Clinical data were ...
Matalanis George - - 2004
Between 1994 and 2002, 31 patients underwent the Ross procedure by a single surgeon. The mean age was 42 years (24-61), 87% were male and 61% were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV. Pure aortic stenosis (AS) was present in 32% of patients, pure aortic regurgitation (AR) in ...
Lin Peter H - - 2004
PURPOSE: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is known to cause acquired immune deficiency syndrome, which has been associated with a wide array of cardiovascular pathologies. This report examined the clinical outcome of patients infected with HIV who underwent abdominal aortic reconstruction for aneurysm or occlusive disease. METHODS: Hospital and clinic ...
Borger Michael A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The optimal diameter at which replacement of the ascending aorta should be performed in patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease is not known. METHODS: We reviewed all patients with bicuspid aortic valves undergoing aortic valve replacement at our institution from 1979 through 1993 (n = 201). Patients undergoing concomitant ...
Melina Giovanni - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The full homograft root replacement has been regarded as the 'gold standard' for aortic valve replacement (AVR). Xenograft full root AVR may offer similar theoretical advantages, but no prospective randomized trials to compare the two valve substitutes have been reported to date. METHODS: A ...
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