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Ikramuddin Sayeed S Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, - - 2014
Although conventional bariatric surgery results in weight loss, it does so with potential short-term and long-term morbidity. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of intermittent, reversible vagal nerve blockade therapy for obesity treatment. A randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled clinical trial involving 239 participants who had a body mass index of 40 ...
Schmauss Daniel D Department of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, - - 2014
Background Long-term follow-up data of digital nerve reconstructions with nerve conduits are limited. Furthermore, it is not known whether nerve regeneration after tubulization is terminated after 12 months, or whether improvement can be expected after this period of time. Therefore, we present the long-term follow-up of two prospective clinical trials. Patients ...
Chan Robert R From the *Department of Urology, Houston Methodist Hospital; †Houston Methodist Research Institute; and ‡Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Nerve growth factor (NGF) has been proposed as a urinary biomarker and previously shown to be elevated in male patients with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and other lower urinary tract symptoms. No published studies have examined NGF as a potential urinary biomarker in women with BOO. The aims of this ...
Monteiro Ebe Santos ES Department of Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of electrical stimulation of the posterior tibialis nerve in men with neurogenic overactive bladder secondary to ischemic stroke at 45 days and 12 months after treatment. We studied 24 patients older than 18 years, with ischemic stroke that occurred between 6 months and 3 years previously and with no prior urinary ...
Tomita Ryouichi R 1 Department of Surgery, Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry, Tokyo, - - 2014
Abstract To clarify the neurological function of the puborectalis muscle (PM) in child patients with soiling after ileal J-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis (UC), we examined the terminal motor latency in the sacral nerves that regulate the PM. Eight patients after IPAA for UC were studied (6 males and ...
Sun Jun-Jun JJ Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Science and Technology, Jinghua Road No. 24, Luoyang, 471003, China, - - 2014
The nervous system interacts dynamically with the immune system to modulate inflammation through humoral and neural pathways. However, the influence of visceral nerve (VN) on acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) has drawn little attention. To investigate the influence of VN on the pathophysiological process of ANP in dogs. The dogs were ...
Chevrollier J J SOS main, Service de chirurgie plastique et reconstructrice de l'appareil locomoteur, Centre chirurgical Emile-Gallé, 5400 Nancy, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Finger trauma often results in discontinuity of the proper palmar digital nerves. The goal of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcomes of emergency nerve grafting and the resulting donor site morbidity. Three women and 13 men who had been operated between 2008 and 2012 were reviewed. The ...
Johnsen Niels V NV Department of Urology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
Overactive bladder affects 10-27% of men, a significant portion of whom report urge urinary incontinence that is inadequately treated with first-line and second-line treatments. There is thus a substantial need to critically evaluate the alternative means of clinical management. This review presents the current evidence for the use of sacral ...
Arnaout A A Service orthopédie B, hôpital Roger-Salengro, centre FESUM, « SOS-mains Lesquin », centre hospitalier régional universitaire de Lille, rue du Pr.-Émile-Laine, 59037 Lille cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite advances in microsurgery, digital nerve repair remains a challenge due to the lack of reproducible procedures with satisfactory functional results. The aim of this study was to compare the sensory and functional results of direct microsurgical sutures protected by a Revolnerv(®) nerve regeneration conduit, with results of a series ...
Demirci Abdurrahman A Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Uludag University Medical Faculty, Bursa, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of iliohypogastric/ilioinguinal nerve blocks performed with the ultrasound guided and the anatomical landmark techniques for postoperative pain management in cases of adult inguinal herniorrhaphy. 40 patients, ASA I-II status were randomized into two groups equally: in Group AN (anatomical landmark ...
Roth Bennett - - 2013
Abstract Group psychoanalytic theory rests on many of the same psychoanalytic assumptions as individual psychoanalytic theory but has been slow in developing its own language and unique understanding of conflict within the group, as many group phenomena are not the same as individual psychic events. Regressive fantasies and alliances within ...
Provido Eden Delight B - - 2013
A framework is presented based on color symmetry theory that will facilitate the determination of the subgroup structure of a crystallographic Coxeter group. It is shown that the method may be extended to characterize torsion-free subgroups. The approach is to treat these groups as groups of symmetries of tessellations in ...
Weppner Justin - - 2013
Between February and May 2010, 1st Battalion, 6th Marines reported a 10% (10/92) breakage rate for tourniquets. One theory suggested was that tourniquets were weakened by exposure to the Afghan environment. Our study was designed to compare three groups of Afghanistan-exposed tourniquets to unexposed tourniquets. The three experimental arms were: ...
Detorakis Efstathios T - - 2013
Ophthalmic pterygium remains an "enigma" despite numerous proposed pathogenetic theories, such as the molecular genetic alterations of stem cells located at the sclerocorneal limbus(1) . The nasal conjunctiva may be particularly exposed to environmental irritants due to the presence of the "lacrimal lake", formed in the area of the plica ...
Ciudin Alexandru - - 2013
To determine whether nephrolithiasis is associated with radiographic changes in renal papillae. We performed a prospective study comparing papillae attenuation in a stone-forming group (SFG) and a healthy stone-free control group (CG). The SFG inclusion criteria were active stone disease diagnosed by abdominal computed tomography and stone analysis showing calcium ...
Harvie Paul - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate component alignment in a large cohort of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and ascertain whether alignment in TKAs undergoing postoperative manipulation under anesthetic is significantly different from those achieving good function. A retrospective review of 281 consecutive primary TKAs was performed. All TKAs underwent computed tomographic ...
Cabrera Roniel R Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology Section of Hepatobiliary Diseases and Liver Transplantation, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA. - - 2012
To evaluate the impact of long-term outcomes of transarterial embolization (TAE) therapy in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on the waiting list for liver transplantation (LT). We retrospectively evaluated the post-LT patients with HCV-related HCC who received TAE intervention (n=33) and those who had no treatment ...
Kluge Stefan - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal by means of a pumpless extracorporeal lung-assist (PECLA) device could be an effective and safe alternative to invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with chronic pulmonary disease and acute hypercapnic ventilatory failure not responding to noninvasive ventilation (NIV). METHODS: In this multicentre, retrospective ...
Tiselius Hans-Göran - - 2012
The present review summarizes the most important considerations and steps for an optimal result of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. The relationship between shockwave path, geometry and anatomical conditions is of utmost importance. Selection of appropriate treatment variables in terms of shockwave number, power and frequency, is an important prerequisite for proper ...
Ghani A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data regarding optimal treatment of non-culprit lesions detected during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multi-vessel disease (MVD). We aimed to investigate whether ischaemia-driven early invasive treatment improves the long-term outcome and prevents major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS: ...
Santana Orlando - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that minimally invasive valve surgery in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is superior to the conventional median sternotomy approach. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 2846 consecutive surgery performed at our institution between January 2005 and September 2010, and identified 165 patients with COPD who underwent isolated ...
Kawada Hitoshi - - 2012
We evaluated the effectiveness of installing the Olyset® Net on the ceiling in preventing the invasion of malaria vectors. This study was conducted in houses in western Kenya. The number of resting mosquitoes inside the houses reduced when the ceiling and eaves of the houses were covered with the net. ...
Biere Surya S A Y - - 2012
Surgical resection is regarded as the only curative option for resectable oesophageal cancer, but pulmonary complications occurring in more than half of patients after open oesophagectomy are a great concern. We assessed whether minimally invasive oesophagectomy reduces morbidity compared with open oesophagectomy. We did a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial ...
Bostanci Korkut - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Several studies previously demonstrated an improvement in the quality of life (QoL) of the patients undergoing a minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum, but there are no data about such improvement following the minimally invasive repair of pectus carinatum (PC) deformity. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Henríquez Hugo - - 2012
Open repair of Achilles tendon rupture has been associated with higher levels of wound complications than those associated with percutaneous repair. However, some studies suggest there are higher rerupture rates and sural nerve injuries with percutaneous repair. We compared the two types of repairs in terms of (1) function (muscle ...
Marques Renato Moretti - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Heparanase 2 (HPSE2) is expressed in various tissues, including the brain, intestine, prostate, breast, and endometrium. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of HPSE2 in cervical carcinogenesis, which has not been clarified to date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The immunoexpression of HPSE2 in normal and neoplastic ...
Cesaro Simone - - 2012
Invasive fungal infections are a frequent complication after intensive chemotherapy. The aims of this prospective study were to describe the use of antifungal therapy and to report which strategy was routinely adopted to guide the introduction of antifungal therapy. A total of 321 febrile episodes in 160 paediatric patients affected ...
Koo S - - 2012
The kinetics of serum (1 → 3)-β-d-glucan (BG) following the diagnosis of invasive fungal disease and administration of antifungal therapy are poorly characterized. It is unknown whether early BG changes have prognostic implications. We assessed the post-diagnostic kinetics of BG in patients with an initial serum BG ≥80 pg/mL and at ...
Anagnostis Panagiotis - - 2012
Dopamine agonists (DA) are the mainstay of treatment for patients with prolactinomas. To describe the efficacy of treatment and the outcomes of DA withdrawal. Retrospective review of electronic medical records of patients with prolactinomas from 1985 to 2009. Seventy-nine patients (17 men/62 women), aged 35.3 ± 1.6 years at diagnosis ...
Stagni S - - 2012
A multitude of therapies is available to treat disc herniation, ranging from conservative methods (medication and physical therapy) to minimally invasive (percutaneous) treatments and surgery. O₂-O₃ chemonucleolysis (O₂-O₃ therapy) is one of the minimally invasive treatments with the best cost/benefit ratio and lowest complication rate. Another substance recently made available ...
Kim Jun Yeon - - 2012
Introduction: The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and to highlight the ultrasonographic cross-sectional area (CSA) ratio as a tool for assessing outcomes by investigating postoperative changes. Methods: Twenty-four individuals with CTS were evaluated using the Boston questionnaire, nerve ...
Williams Eric H - - 2012
Although distal tibial nerve compression is well recognized, proximal tibial nerve compression remains a rarely recognized clinical condition. This report defines the presentation, diagnosis, surgical decompression technique, and clinical outcome of neurolysis of the tibial nerve at this soleal sling compression site. Forty-nine patients with 69 proximal tibial nerves (20 ...
Doft Melissa A - - 2012
Botulinum toxin type A is a safe and effective method for treating focal hyperhidrosis, providing longer-lasting results than topical treatments without the necessity of invasive surgical procedures. Although more useful for axillary hyperhidrosis, botulinum toxin injections can also be effective in treating palmar and plantar disease. The effects of botulinum ...
Namavari Abed A Corneal Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60612, - - 2012
To determine whether immunomodulation with cyclosporine (CsA) affects reinnervation after surgical transection of stromal nerves. Thy1-YFP+ neurofluorescent mice underwent lamellar corneal surgery and 3 days later, received artificial tears or CsA eye drops for 6 weeks. Serial in vivo wide-field stereofluorescent microscopy was performed to determine changes in nerve fiber ...
Waizy Hazibullah - - 2012
Bunionette, or tailor's bunion, is a painful protrusion on the plantar and/or lateral aspect of the fifth metatarsal head. Until recently, there have been very good results reported in literature when minimally invasive therapy is used to treat this deformity. In this study, the authors critically review the outcome of ...
Govaert Bastiaan - - 2012
: Sacral nerve modulation has been reported as a minimally invasive and effective treatment for constipation refractory to conservative treatment. : This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and sustainability of sacral nerve modulation for constipation in the medium term (up to 6 years) and to investigate potential predictors of ...
Zhang Xue-Zhong - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of voriconazole in treating Chinese patients with hematological malignancies and invasive aspergillosis. Methods: From March 2007 to April 2012, patients with diagnoses confirmed by CT, GM test and/or PCR assays, were recruited into this study. Aspergillosis of all patients were treated with voriconazole ...
Broch Ole - - 2012
Uncalibrated semi-invasive continous monitoring of cardiac index (CI) has recently gained increasing interest. The aim of the present study was to compare the accuracy of CI determination based on arterial waveform analysis with transpulmonary thermodilution. Fifty patients scheduled for elective coronary surgery were studied after induction of anaesthesia and before ...
Le Tien V - - 2012
The minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion (MIS LIF) in the lumbar spine can correct coronal Cobb angles, but the effect on sagittal plane correction is unclear. A retrospective review of thirty-five patients with lumbar degenerative disease who underwent MIS LIF without supplemental posterior instrumentation was undertaken to study the radiographic ...
Shi Lewis L LL Department of Orthopaedics, University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Avenue, MC 3079, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2012
The incidence of acromioplasty has increased dramatically in recent decades, but its role in rotator cuff surgery has been debated. Neer popularized the extrinsic theory of rotator cuff pathology, where mechanical compression of the coracoacromial arch leads to tearing of the rotator cuff. Under this theory, acromioplasty is advocated to ...
Dickersin Kay K Center for Clinical Trials and US Cochrane Center, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School ofPublic Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Mail Rm W5010, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. - - 2012
Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is characterized by sudden and painless loss of vision in the eye, accompanied by pallid swelling of the optic disc. Its etiology is unknown and no medical therapy has been proven effective in treating this condition. Optic nerve decompression surgery, a proposed treatment for NAION, ...
Schroeder Kristopher K Department of Anesthesiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA. - - 2012
Obese patients can pose a unique perioperative anesthetic challenge, making regional anesthetic techniques an intriguing means of providing analgesia for this population. Ultrasound guidance has been touted recently as being beneficial for this population in which surface landmarks can become obscured. In this study, the effect of increased Body Mass ...
Blondel Benjamin - - 2011
Prospective study. The aim of this prospective study is to analyze the influence of Modic type on the clinical results of lumbar total disc arthroplasty. Some patients with lumbar disc degeneration have endplate signal changes on magnetic resonance images, which have been classified by Modic. Modic-1 endplates changes are associated ...
Olson Patrick R - - 2011
Randomized trial with concurrent observational cohort. A total of 1171 patients were divided into subgroups by educational attainment: high school or less, some college, and college degree or above. To assess the influence of education level on outcomes for treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Educational attainment has been demonstrated to ...
Chuang David Chwei-Chin - - 2011
PURPOSE: Contralateral C7 (CC7) transfer for brachial plexus injuries (BPI) can benefit finger sensation but remains controversial regarding restoration of motor function. We report our 20-year experience using CC7 transfer for BPI, all of which had at least 4 years' follow-up. METHODS: A total of 137 adult BPI patients underwent ...
Oizumi Naomi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The existence of sensory branches of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) has recently been reported, and sensory disturbance at the lateral and posterior aspect of the shoulder has been focused on as a symptom of SSN palsy. We have performed arthroscopic release of SSN at the suprascapular notch in patients ...
Auerbach Joshua D - - 2011
Prospective radiographic evaluation of patients that underwent cervical total disc replacement (TDR-C) or anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for one-level cervical disc disease. To evaluate the following: (1) total cervical range of motion (ROM) from C2 to C7, and (2) the relative contribution to total cervical ROM from the ...
Gornet Matthew F - - 2011
Randomized, controlled, multicenter, investigational device exemption trial. To investigate the safety and effectiveness of the first two-piece, metal-on-metal lumbar disc prosthesis for treating patients with single-level degenerative disc disease. For patients with degenerative disc disease unresponsive to conservative measures, lumbar disc arthroplasty provides an alternative to fusion designed to relieve ...
Gandhi Kishor - - 2011
To test the hypothesis that, if the femoral nerve is correctly localized using ultrasound (US) guidance, the type of perineural catheter used has no effect on catheter success. Randomized controlled trial. Post-anesthesia care unit of an academic teaching hospital. 40 ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients, ages 55-85 ...
Seet Raymond C S - - 2011
The indications for bevacizumab (a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor) have been expanded recently. Despite concerns for cerebrovascular events from bevacizumab treatment, detailed clinical and radiologic information are lacking. Using the Mayo Clinic Rochester database (January 2006-September 2010), we identified bevacizumab-treated patients who developed intracerebral hemorrhage, ischemic stroke or transient ...
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