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Huang-Link Yu-Min YM Department of Neurology, Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University Hospital, 581 85, Linköping, Sweden, - - 2014
Optic neuritis (ON) causes axonal loss as reflected by thinning of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and can be tracked by optical coherence tomography (OCT) about 6 months after ON onset, when swelling of optic nerve head (ONH) has vanished. Changes of macular ganglion cell layer (GCL) thickness provide another window ...
Rosén B B Department of Hand Surgery, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden - - 2014
We assessed the use of guided plasticity training to improve the outcome in the first 6 months after nerve repair. In a multicentre randomized controlled trial, 37 adults with median or ulnar nerve repair at the distal forearm were randomized to intervention, starting the first week after surgery with sensory ...
Velez Federico G FG Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Los - - 2014
Superior rectus transposition with or without medial rectus recession has been advocated for the treatment of abducens nerve palsy and esotropic Duane syndrome. Early reports have focused mainly on postoperative ocular alignment, but there is concern that superior rectus transposition may induce torsional misalignment. The purpose of this study was ...
Bae Dong Sik DS *Department of Surgery, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan †Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital and College of Medicine ‡Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University §Division of Surgery, Thyroid Center, Seoul National University Cancer Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
This study evaluated the technical feasibility and efficacy of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) to aid its identification and preservation during robotic thyroidectomy (RoT). IONM of the RLN was evaluated in 30 consecutive patients undergoing RoT. All patients underwent an indirect laryngoscope examination to objectively assess ...
Bures C C Second Department of Surgery, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria; Department of Surgery, Kaiserin-Elisabeth-Spital, Vienna, - - 2014
A small subset of patients may develop late-onset palsy of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) after thyroid surgery. However, no conclusive data have been published regarding the incidence of, and possible risk factors for, this complication. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data from consecutive patients who underwent thyroid surgery at a ...
Lee Seung Won SW Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine , Bucheon , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: Primary intraoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) reinnervation techniques demonstrated significant voice improvement at 24 months postoperatively and could be an effective alternative treatment for thyroidectomy-related permanent unilateral vocal fold paralysis (VFP). Objectives: To assess the long-term efficacy of intraoperative RLN reinnervation techniques in the management of thyroidectomy-related unilateral ...
Hu Liang L School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between tear menisci and corneal nerve density in patients after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Twenty-eight eyes of 14 myopic patients were enrolled. Height and area of the upper and lower tear menisci-upper tear meniscus height, upper tear meniscus area, lower tear meniscus height (LTMH), and ...
Ikramuddin Sayeed S Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, - - 2014
Although conventional bariatric surgery results in weight loss, it does so with potential short-term and long-term morbidity. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of intermittent, reversible vagal nerve blockade therapy for obesity treatment. A randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled clinical trial involving 239 participants who had a body mass index of 40 ...
Schmauss Daniel D Department of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, - - 2014
Background Long-term follow-up data of digital nerve reconstructions with nerve conduits are limited. Furthermore, it is not known whether nerve regeneration after tubulization is terminated after 12 months, or whether improvement can be expected after this period of time. Therefore, we present the long-term follow-up of two prospective clinical trials. Patients ...
Chan Robert R From the *Department of Urology, Houston Methodist Hospital; †Houston Methodist Research Institute; and ‡Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Nerve growth factor (NGF) has been proposed as a urinary biomarker and previously shown to be elevated in male patients with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and other lower urinary tract symptoms. No published studies have examined NGF as a potential urinary biomarker in women with BOO. The aims of this ...
Monteiro Ebe Santos ES Department of Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of electrical stimulation of the posterior tibialis nerve in men with neurogenic overactive bladder secondary to ischemic stroke at 45 days and 12 months after treatment. We studied 24 patients older than 18 years, with ischemic stroke that occurred between 6 months and 3 years previously and with no prior urinary ...
Tomita Ryouichi R 1 Department of Surgery, Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry, Tokyo, - - 2014
Abstract To clarify the neurological function of the puborectalis muscle (PM) in child patients with soiling after ileal J-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis (UC), we examined the terminal motor latency in the sacral nerves that regulate the PM. Eight patients after IPAA for UC were studied (6 males and ...
Sun Jiashu J The Eighty-Ninth Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Weifang, - - 2014
This paper was to analyze and contrast the damage rate on the thoracic segment different position of the dorsal root ganglion(dorsal root ganglion, DRG) caused by different puncture path in radiofrequency ablation, thus the best RF target way for the thoracic segment of different types of DRG was confirmed. According ...
Sun Jun-Jun JJ Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Science and Technology, Jinghua Road No. 24, Luoyang, 471003, China, - - 2014
The nervous system interacts dynamically with the immune system to modulate inflammation through humoral and neural pathways. However, the influence of visceral nerve (VN) on acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) has drawn little attention. To investigate the influence of VN on the pathophysiological process of ANP in dogs. The dogs were ...
Chevrollier J J SOS main, Service de chirurgie plastique et reconstructrice de l'appareil locomoteur, Centre chirurgical Emile-Gallé, 5400 Nancy, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Finger trauma often results in discontinuity of the proper palmar digital nerves. The goal of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcomes of emergency nerve grafting and the resulting donor site morbidity. Three women and 13 men who had been operated between 2008 and 2012 were reviewed. The ...
Johnsen Niels V NV Department of Urology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
Overactive bladder affects 10-27% of men, a significant portion of whom report urge urinary incontinence that is inadequately treated with first-line and second-line treatments. There is thus a substantial need to critically evaluate the alternative means of clinical management. This review presents the current evidence for the use of sacral ...
Arnaout A A Service orthopédie B, hôpital Roger-Salengro, centre FESUM, « SOS-mains Lesquin », centre hospitalier régional universitaire de Lille, rue du Pr.-Émile-Laine, 59037 Lille cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite advances in microsurgery, digital nerve repair remains a challenge due to the lack of reproducible procedures with satisfactory functional results. The aim of this study was to compare the sensory and functional results of direct microsurgical sutures protected by a Revolnerv(®) nerve regeneration conduit, with results of a series ...
Demirci Abdurrahman A Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Uludag University Medical Faculty, Bursa, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of iliohypogastric/ilioinguinal nerve blocks performed with the ultrasound guided and the anatomical landmark techniques for postoperative pain management in cases of adult inguinal herniorrhaphy. 40 patients, ASA I-II status were randomized into two groups equally: in Group AN (anatomical landmark ...
Li Man M Department of Anesthesiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People's Republic of - - 2014
We reviewed the Chinese and English literature for efficacy and tolerability data as well as pharmacological properties of ropivacaine in Chinese patients. Ropivacaine is a long-acting amide local anesthetic agent that elicits nerve block via reversible inhibition of sodium ion influx in nerve fibers. The available evidence in the literature ...
Peng Lihua L 0000-0002-5202-910X The Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No. 1 Road Youyi Road, Yuanjiagang Community, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400016, - - 2014
Objectives. To evaluate the comparative analgesia effectiveness and safety of postoperative continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) with patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) and their impact on knee function and chronic postoperative pain. Methods. Participants were randomly allocated to receive postoperative continuous femoral nerve block (group CFNB) or intravenous patient controlled ...
Roth Bennett - - 2013
Abstract Group psychoanalytic theory rests on many of the same psychoanalytic assumptions as individual psychoanalytic theory but has been slow in developing its own language and unique understanding of conflict within the group, as many group phenomena are not the same as individual psychic events. Regressive fantasies and alliances within ...
Provido Eden Delight B - - 2013
A framework is presented based on color symmetry theory that will facilitate the determination of the subgroup structure of a crystallographic Coxeter group. It is shown that the method may be extended to characterize torsion-free subgroups. The approach is to treat these groups as groups of symmetries of tessellations in ...
Weppner Justin - - 2013
Between February and May 2010, 1st Battalion, 6th Marines reported a 10% (10/92) breakage rate for tourniquets. One theory suggested was that tourniquets were weakened by exposure to the Afghan environment. Our study was designed to compare three groups of Afghanistan-exposed tourniquets to unexposed tourniquets. The three experimental arms were: ...
Detorakis Efstathios T - - 2013
Ophthalmic pterygium remains an "enigma" despite numerous proposed pathogenetic theories, such as the molecular genetic alterations of stem cells located at the sclerocorneal limbus(1) . The nasal conjunctiva may be particularly exposed to environmental irritants due to the presence of the "lacrimal lake", formed in the area of the plica ...
Ciudin Alexandru - - 2013
To determine whether nephrolithiasis is associated with radiographic changes in renal papillae. We performed a prospective study comparing papillae attenuation in a stone-forming group (SFG) and a healthy stone-free control group (CG). The SFG inclusion criteria were active stone disease diagnosed by abdominal computed tomography and stone analysis showing calcium ...
Harvie Paul - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate component alignment in a large cohort of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and ascertain whether alignment in TKAs undergoing postoperative manipulation under anesthetic is significantly different from those achieving good function. A retrospective review of 281 consecutive primary TKAs was performed. All TKAs underwent computed tomographic ...
Cabrera Roniel R Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology Section of Hepatobiliary Diseases and Liver Transplantation, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA. - - 2012
To evaluate the impact of long-term outcomes of transarterial embolization (TAE) therapy in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on the waiting list for liver transplantation (LT). We retrospectively evaluated the post-LT patients with HCV-related HCC who received TAE intervention (n=33) and those who had no treatment ...
Kluge Stefan - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal by means of a pumpless extracorporeal lung-assist (PECLA) device could be an effective and safe alternative to invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with chronic pulmonary disease and acute hypercapnic ventilatory failure not responding to noninvasive ventilation (NIV). METHODS: In this multicentre, retrospective ...
Tiselius Hans-Göran - - 2012
The present review summarizes the most important considerations and steps for an optimal result of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. The relationship between shockwave path, geometry and anatomical conditions is of utmost importance. Selection of appropriate treatment variables in terms of shockwave number, power and frequency, is an important prerequisite for proper ...
Ghani A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data regarding optimal treatment of non-culprit lesions detected during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multi-vessel disease (MVD). We aimed to investigate whether ischaemia-driven early invasive treatment improves the long-term outcome and prevents major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS: ...
Santana Orlando - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that minimally invasive valve surgery in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is superior to the conventional median sternotomy approach. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 2846 consecutive surgery performed at our institution between January 2005 and September 2010, and identified 165 patients with COPD who underwent isolated ...
Kawada Hitoshi - - 2012
We evaluated the effectiveness of installing the Olyset® Net on the ceiling in preventing the invasion of malaria vectors. This study was conducted in houses in western Kenya. The number of resting mosquitoes inside the houses reduced when the ceiling and eaves of the houses were covered with the net. ...
Biere Surya S A Y - - 2012
Surgical resection is regarded as the only curative option for resectable oesophageal cancer, but pulmonary complications occurring in more than half of patients after open oesophagectomy are a great concern. We assessed whether minimally invasive oesophagectomy reduces morbidity compared with open oesophagectomy. We did a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial ...
Bostanci Korkut - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Several studies previously demonstrated an improvement in the quality of life (QoL) of the patients undergoing a minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum, but there are no data about such improvement following the minimally invasive repair of pectus carinatum (PC) deformity. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Henríquez Hugo - - 2012
Open repair of Achilles tendon rupture has been associated with higher levels of wound complications than those associated with percutaneous repair. However, some studies suggest there are higher rerupture rates and sural nerve injuries with percutaneous repair. We compared the two types of repairs in terms of (1) function (muscle ...
Marques Renato Moretti - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Heparanase 2 (HPSE2) is expressed in various tissues, including the brain, intestine, prostate, breast, and endometrium. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of HPSE2 in cervical carcinogenesis, which has not been clarified to date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The immunoexpression of HPSE2 in normal and neoplastic ...
Cesaro Simone - - 2012
Invasive fungal infections are a frequent complication after intensive chemotherapy. The aims of this prospective study were to describe the use of antifungal therapy and to report which strategy was routinely adopted to guide the introduction of antifungal therapy. A total of 321 febrile episodes in 160 paediatric patients affected ...
Koo S - - 2012
The kinetics of serum (1 → 3)-β-d-glucan (BG) following the diagnosis of invasive fungal disease and administration of antifungal therapy are poorly characterized. It is unknown whether early BG changes have prognostic implications. We assessed the post-diagnostic kinetics of BG in patients with an initial serum BG ≥80 pg/mL and at ...
Anagnostis Panagiotis - - 2012
Dopamine agonists (DA) are the mainstay of treatment for patients with prolactinomas. To describe the efficacy of treatment and the outcomes of DA withdrawal. Retrospective review of electronic medical records of patients with prolactinomas from 1985 to 2009. Seventy-nine patients (17 men/62 women), aged 35.3 ± 1.6 years at diagnosis ...
Stagni S - - 2012
A multitude of therapies is available to treat disc herniation, ranging from conservative methods (medication and physical therapy) to minimally invasive (percutaneous) treatments and surgery. O₂-O₃ chemonucleolysis (O₂-O₃ therapy) is one of the minimally invasive treatments with the best cost/benefit ratio and lowest complication rate. Another substance recently made available ...
Kim Jun Yeon - - 2012
Introduction: The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and to highlight the ultrasonographic cross-sectional area (CSA) ratio as a tool for assessing outcomes by investigating postoperative changes. Methods: Twenty-four individuals with CTS were evaluated using the Boston questionnaire, nerve ...
Doft Melissa A - - 2012
Botulinum toxin type A is a safe and effective method for treating focal hyperhidrosis, providing longer-lasting results than topical treatments without the necessity of invasive surgical procedures. Although more useful for axillary hyperhidrosis, botulinum toxin injections can also be effective in treating palmar and plantar disease. The effects of botulinum ...
Namavari Abed A Corneal Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60612, - - 2012
To determine whether immunomodulation with cyclosporine (CsA) affects reinnervation after surgical transection of stromal nerves. Thy1-YFP+ neurofluorescent mice underwent lamellar corneal surgery and 3 days later, received artificial tears or CsA eye drops for 6 weeks. Serial in vivo wide-field stereofluorescent microscopy was performed to determine changes in nerve fiber ...
Williams Eric H EH Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
Although distal tibial nerve compression is well recognized, proximal tibial nerve compression remains a rarely recognized clinical condition. This report defines the presentation, diagnosis, surgical decompression technique, and clinical outcome of neurolysis of the tibial nerve at this soleal sling compression site. Forty-nine patients with 69 proximal tibial nerves (20 ...
Waizy Hazibullah - - 2012
Bunionette, or tailor's bunion, is a painful protrusion on the plantar and/or lateral aspect of the fifth metatarsal head. Until recently, there have been very good results reported in literature when minimally invasive therapy is used to treat this deformity. In this study, the authors critically review the outcome of ...
Govaert Bastiaan - - 2012
: Sacral nerve modulation has been reported as a minimally invasive and effective treatment for constipation refractory to conservative treatment. : This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and sustainability of sacral nerve modulation for constipation in the medium term (up to 6 years) and to investigate potential predictors of ...
Zhang Xue-Zhong - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of voriconazole in treating Chinese patients with hematological malignancies and invasive aspergillosis. Methods: From March 2007 to April 2012, patients with diagnoses confirmed by CT, GM test and/or PCR assays, were recruited into this study. Aspergillosis of all patients were treated with voriconazole ...
Broch Ole - - 2012
Uncalibrated semi-invasive continous monitoring of cardiac index (CI) has recently gained increasing interest. The aim of the present study was to compare the accuracy of CI determination based on arterial waveform analysis with transpulmonary thermodilution. Fifty patients scheduled for elective coronary surgery were studied after induction of anaesthesia and before ...
Le Tien V - - 2012
The minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion (MIS LIF) in the lumbar spine can correct coronal Cobb angles, but the effect on sagittal plane correction is unclear. A retrospective review of thirty-five patients with lumbar degenerative disease who underwent MIS LIF without supplemental posterior instrumentation was undertaken to study the radiographic ...
Shi Lewis L LL Department of Orthopaedics, University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Avenue, MC 3079, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2012
The incidence of acromioplasty has increased dramatically in recent decades, but its role in rotator cuff surgery has been debated. Neer popularized the extrinsic theory of rotator cuff pathology, where mechanical compression of the coracoacromial arch leads to tearing of the rotator cuff. Under this theory, acromioplasty is advocated to ...
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