Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 4248
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Hammerstingl Christoph - - 2011
Objective To assess the risk of bleeding and thromboembolism (TE) of bridging therapy with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in patients undergoing pacemaker implantation. Background Current guidelines on peri-procedural management of patients with chronic oral anticoagulation (OAC) give no explicit recommendations on how to treat patients undergoing pacemaker implantations. Methods ...
Chang Mei-Yu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chair-sitting may allow for more readily activated scalene, sternocleidomastoid and parasternal intercostals muscles, and may raise and enlarge the upper thoracic cage, thereby enabling the thoracic cage to become more easily compressed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chair-sitting training on respiratory muscle function ...
Horii Arata - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: Bipolar scissors tonsillectomy followed by cooling down the pharyngeal mucosa has advantages in terms of postoperative pain and intraoperative blood loss compared with cold dissection. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative pain between bipolar scissors tonsillectomy followed by cooling the pharyngeal mucosa and ...
Ahmed Bina - - 2011
The COURAGE (Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation) trial was designed to compare optimal medical therapy alone versus optimal medical therapy and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of patients with stable coronary artery disease and showed equal efficacy for optimal medical therapy with or without PCI. The ...
Reddy G Kesava - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Ventriculoperitoneal shunting is the most widely used neurosurgical procedure for the management of hydrocephalus. Objective: To evaluate the long-term single institution experience in the management of adult hydrocephalus patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts in adult patients. METHODS:: Adult patients who underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus from October 1990 to ...
Li Simon - - 2011
Intracranial arterial dissection is relatively rare and generally considered to have a worse outcome than extracranial arterial dissection. It is a clinically significant entity that can cause severely disabling ischaemic stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Only a few large case series of intracranial arterial dissection have been reported, particularly in ...
Trifanescu Raluca - - 2011
Objective: To clarify the outcome of all cases of Rathke's cleft cysts (RCC) treated surgically and followed-up in Oxford during a long-term period. Subjects and Methods: The records of all patients with RCC seen in the Department of Endocrinology between 1/1978-6/2009 were reviewed. Results: Thirty-three patients (20 females, median age ...
Ferrara Pietro - - 2011
Abstract Drug-induced renal injury represents a frequent clinical entity. The most common drugs associated with acute tubular necrosis are aminoglycosides, amphotericin B, radiocontrast agents, and cyclosporine, but no data exist about the potential renal toxicity due to anthelmintics administration. Anthelmintics are commonly considered quite safe agents, and side effects such ...
Kraft Shannon - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To report survey results of members of the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology (ASPO) on the practice patterns of surveillance endoscopy and management of suprastomal granuloma (SSG) in children younger than 2 years with indwelling tracheostomy tubes and to review our internal practice patterns. PATIENTS: All patients younger than ...
Polimenakos Anastasios C - - 2011
Objective: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in children with cardiac arrest refractory to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been reported with encouraging results. We sought to review outcomes of neonates with functional single ventricle (FSV) receiving post-cardiotomy ECPR. Methods: Forty-eight patients who required post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) since the introduction ...
Muroi Carl - - 2011
Despite the failure of the international extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass study in showing the benefit of bypass procedure for prevention of stroke recurrence, it has been regarded to be beneficial in a subgroup of well-selected patients with haemodynamic impairment. This report includes the EC-IC bypass experience of a single centre over ...
Pascali Maria Paola - - 2011
PURPOSE: Botulinum toxin type A has revolutionized the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction. The original injection technique used a rigid cystoscope and a flexible collagen needle. To date botulinum toxin type A injection techniques have not been standardized. We present our experience in pediatric patients using a new flexible injection ...
Swanson Gregory P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To validate established postoperative nomograms in a patient population with long-term follow-up. There are well-documented risk factors that can help predict for failure after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. When combined together, the predictive power is greater than any single factor. It now appears that the most powerful tool ...
Lee Seung Hwan - - 2011
We aimed to investigate the difference in efficacy of medical treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) between normal and obese patients with BPH; obesity was determined by either body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC). In this 12-week prospective observational study, a total of 175 patients aged ≥40 ...
Al-Ghazo Mohammed A - - 2011
This work was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of emergency ureteroscopic lithotripsy in patients with ureteral stones. From May 2003 to December 2010, 244 patients (184 men and 60 women, mean age 45.6 ± 12.7 years (range 22-73 years) were treated with emergency ureteroscopic lithotripsy for ureteral calculi. All patients were divided ...
Somoano Brian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The paramedian forehead flap (PFF) is a common method of reconstruction for large nasal defects. Generally, surgeons divide this flap at 3 weeks. This delay can result in a significant decrease in the quality of life for these patients. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the indications and technique for ...
Pfeiffer Norbert - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy and safety of timolol 0.5% versus brinzolamide 1.0% when added to travoprost monotherapy in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. METHODS: Patients meeting selection criteria (IOP one eye 19 mmHg and ≤32 mmHg and IOP both eyes ≤32 mmHg at 8:00 h) were switched to travoprost monotherapy ...
Schuman Earl - - 2011
Although more challenging to place, the HeRO device (Hemosphere Inc, Eden Prairie, Minn) provides the dialysis access-challenged patient the opportunity to have an upper extremity graft rather than being dependent on a catheter or requiring a lower extremity access. A major difficulty with the HeRO is the need for a ...
Gregersen Merete - - 2012
Hip fracture is a common cause of long hospital stay in the elderly. Approximately one third of these patients die within the first year. As a consequence geriatric and orthopedic collaboration (orthogeriatrics) has been organized in different ways. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of a ...
Manninen Hannu - - 2011
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the primary and long-term venographic and clinical results of catheter-directed thrombolysis in the treatment of proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of lower extremity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients with mean age of 48 (range 15-81) years with acute DVT (symptom duration of less than 2 weeks), ...
Berent Allyson C - - 2011
Objective-To determine the outcome of minimally invasive ureteral stent placement for dogs with malignant ureteral obstructions. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-12 dogs (15 ureters) with ureteral obstruction secondary to a trigonal urothelial carcinoma. Procedures-In all patients, indwelling, double-pigtail ureteral stents were placed by means of percutaneous antegrade needle and guide wire ...
Schrut Gianna Carla Alberti - - 2011
Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) is an alternative therapy for thyroid nodules (TN). However, some concern is raised on its carcinogenic effects. To evaluate the cytological and clinical changes caused by PEI in patients with benign TN. Thirty-nine patients with TN (23.1% hyperfunctioning) were submitted to a median of three PEI ...
Riera María - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Evaluating patient outcomes following cardiac surgery is a means of measuring the quality of that surgery. The present study analyzes survival and the risk factors associated with mid-term mortality of patients undergoing cardiac surgery in Son Dureta University Hospital (Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain). METHODS: From November 2002 ...
Moore Katherine - - 2011
To prospectively evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic injection in the adult population with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). The search for VUR is a part of the standard workup of children with febrile urinary tract infections. However, VUR can present later in life and should be investigated in the case of recurrent ...
Benson Aaron D - - 2011
PURPOSE: Metal ureteral stents are a relatively new version of a device with a long history of relieving ureteral obstruction. Metal stents are effective for relieving ureteral obstruction but success regarding patient tolerability has been variable. We present our single institution experience with long-term metal ureteral stent placement. MATERIALS AND ...
Mullaji Arun B - - 2011
One hundred twenty-two consecutive minimally invasive Oxford phase 3 medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasties in 109 patients were evaluated for postoperative limb alignment and the influence of factors such as preoperative limb alignment, age, body mass index, sex, insert thickness, and surgeon's experience. The mean mechanical preoperative hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle of ...
Roohipoor Ramak - - 2011
To evaluate the results of intravitreal bevacizumab in terms of regression of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In this interventional case series, 12 eyes from January 2007 to December 2008 were included. Two groups of patients were considered. Group 1 included those ROP patients who did not respond to conventional laser ...
Griepentrog Gregory J GJ Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2011
To report the incidence and demographics of childhood ptosis diagnosed over a 40-year period in a well-defined population. Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Patients (<19 years) diagnosed with childhood ptosis and residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, from January 1, 1965, through December 31, 2004. The medical records of all potential patients ...
Boriani Giuseppe - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke risk stratification schema do not consider AF parameters. The aim of the study is to assess the impact of combining risk factors with continuous AF burden monitoring. METHODS: In this retrospective study 568 patients implanted with a DDDR-P pacemaker (AT-500; ...
Hussein Ayman A - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is increasingly used in clinical practice. We aimed to study the natural history and long-term outcomes of ablated AF. We followed 831 patients after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) performed in 2005. We documented clinical outcomes using our prospective AF registry with most recent update on this ...
Dreger H - - 2011
AIM: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important risk factor for perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Despite high clinical relevance, current guidelines lack clear recommendations on the optimal approach for patients with insufficiently treated COPD and urgent need for cardiac surgery. The aim of the ...
Tsivgoulis Georgios - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Efforts to increase the availability and shorten the time delivery of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke carry the potential for tissue plasminogen activator administration in patients with diseases other than stroke, that is, stroke mimics (SMs). We aimed to determine safety and to describe ...
Krul Sébastien P J - - 2011
Thoracoscopic pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and ganglionated plexus ablation is a novel approach in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesize that meticulous electrophysiological confirmation of PVI results in fewer recurrences of AF during follow-up. Surgery was performed through 3 ports bilaterally. Ganglionated plexi were localized and subsequently ablated. ...
Arias Luis - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a flexible regimen with intravitreal injections of ranibizumab in patients with naive choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration and to determine whether the final outcome is related to the number of injections. METHODS:: Prospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series study. We included ...
Odell David D - - 2011
Mounier-Kuhn syndrome (MKS) is a condition characterized by tracheobronchomegaly resulting from the loss or atrophy of musculoelastic fibers within the airway wall. Concomitant tracheobronchomalacia is seen in most patients with MKS, often leading to significant respiratory compromise due to bronchiectasis, increased dead space, and impaired secretion clearance. We report a ...
Brodaty Henry - - 2011
ABSTRACTBackground: The Prospective Research In MEmory clinics (PRIME) is a three-year non-prescriptive, observational study identifying and measuring relationships among predictor and outcome variables.Methods: Patients from nine memory clinics, diagnosed with dementia or mild cognitive impairment (MCI), living in the community with <40 hours/week nursing care were divided into diagnostic groups ...
Brilakis Emmanouil S - - 2011
Aims: Examine the incidence of clinical events after utilization of the TAXUS(®) Express(®) paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in multivessel and bifurcation coronary stenting in an unselected patient population. Methods and Results: The ARRIVE Program compiled data on 7,492 patients receiving ≥1 TAXUS Express PES, including patients with multivessel stenting (MVS; n = 1,208) ...
Sorensen Sherman G - - 2011
Background:  Ideally, percutaneous, mechanical closure of defects of the atrial septum should completely resolve shunt. To achieve this goal, more information is needed about the factors associated with device failure. Methods:  Consecutive patients with cryptogenic neurological events who had severe baseline Valsalva shunt (Spencer Grade 5-5+) and intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) ...
Krievins D K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review the results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using a novel sac-anchoring endoprosthesis in patients with favourable and adverse anatomy. DESIGN: This is a prospective, multicentre, clinical trial. MATERIALS: The Nellix endoprosthesis consists of dual, balloon-expandable endoframes, surrounded by polymer-filled endobags, which obliterate the aneurysm ...
Koga Masatoshi - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine whether CHADS(2) score is associated with clinical outcomes following recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) therapy in stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: We studied 218 consecutive stroke patients with AF [126 men, mean age 74.2 (SD 9.6) years] who ...
Kayiaros Stephen - - 2011
Metatarsus primus varus must be addressed during correction of moderate to severe hallux valgus deformity. As an alternative to proximal osteotomy or first tarsometatarsal fusion for hallux valgus correction, this study presents a series of patients treated using the Arthrex Mini TightRope. A total of 36 patients (44 operations) with ...
Sandler Bryan J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This report describes the authors' experience with a unique endoluminal, endoscopically delivered and retrieved gastroduodenojejunal bypass sleeve, including short-term weight loss and changes in comorbidities. METHODS: A prospective, single-center trial was designed. The patients were morbidly obese individuals who met the National Institutes of Health criteria for bariatric surgery. ...
Sarikkola Anna-Ulrika - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the refractive outcomes, complication rates, and changes in patients' functional state and satisfaction with simultaneous compared with sequential bilateral cataract surgery. SETTING: Helsinki University Eye Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. DESIGN: Clinical trial. METHODS: Consecutive patients scheduled for bilateral cataract surgery were enrolled based on appropriate inclusion criteria and randomized ...
Schmidt Martin - - 2011
Renal Dysfunction and Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence. Background: No previous study has assessed the role of renal impairment in predicting the long-term risk of atrial fibrillation recurrence after cardioversion Methods: One hundred and fifty-nine consecutive patients with persistent atrial fibrillation undergoing successful cardioversion were enrolled. Renal function was assessed based on the ...
Pahk Albert - - 2011
The ideal pancreatic stent to prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) has yet to be determined. The aim of our study was to assess the relative benefit of 4-Fr versus 5-Fr stents in a population at high risk for post-ERCP pancreatitis, and the relative frequency of spontaneous migration. All patients with prophylactic ...
Rothwell M P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> To determine if oral oxycodone (OOXY) could provide equivalent postoperative analgesia and a similar side-effect profile to i.v. patient-controlled morphine in patients undergoing elective primary total hip replacement (THR) under spinal anaesthesia. METHODS: /st> We studied 110 consecutive patients aged 60-85 yr. After operation, patients were randomly allocated ...
Hwang Chang Ho - - 2011
Cosmetic shaping of the lower leg is becoming increasingly popular. The use of radiofrequency therapy in cosmetic medicine also is growing. To date, no serious complications have been reported after the use of cosmetic radiofrequency therapy. This report describes a patient who presented at the author's clinic with a disabling ...
Kawakubo Kazumichi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Distal malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) due to lymph node metastases (LNM) is a common problem in advanced malignant disease. However, the role of covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) in treating MBO has not been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of covered ...
Blaufox Andrew D - - 2011
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) presenting in the neonatal period may resolve by 1 year of age. Predicting which patients require therapy beyond 1 year of age is desirable. Pediatric electrophysiology databases from two institutions were reviewed for patients with a history of infant SVT who underwent transesophageal electrophysiology study (TEEPS) after initial SVT ...
Hearnshaw Sarah A - - 2011
To describe the patient characteristics, diagnoses and clinical outcomes of patients presenting with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) in the 2007 UK Audit. Multi-centre survey. All UK hospitals admitting patients with AUGIB. All adults (>16 years) presenting in or to UK hospitals with AUGIB between 1 May and 30 June ...
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