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Results 401 - 450 of 4260
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Della Puppa Alessandro - - 2011
Anticonvulsant therapy is usually recommended before surgery in all patients affected by high grade glioma who are planned to be treated with Carmustine 1,3-bis [2 chloroetyl]-1-nitrosurea, or BCNU) wafers. In fact, phase III studies have reported a risk of seizures higher than 30% in this group of patients. The aim ...
Kim Jin-Tae - - 2011
Despite potential benefits of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) solution as a cardioplegic solution, it can cause hyponatremia, especially in pediatric patients. Fluctuations in the sodium concentration during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can adversely affect the central nervous system. We evaluated the relationship between the cardioplegic solution, the fluctuation of sodium concentration, and the ...
Lindsay John R - - 2011
Selective adenomectomy via transsphenoidal surgery induces remission of Cushing's disease (CD) in most patients. Although an undetectable postoperative serum cortisol (<2 μg/dl) has been advocated as an index of remission, there is no consensus on predictors of recurrence. We hypothesized that patients with subnormal cortisol (2-4.9 μg/dl) might achieve long-term ...
Hijazi E - - 2011
Traditionally, the administration of aspirin is stopped seven days before coronary artery bypass surgery to reduce the risk of postoperative bleeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative aspirin on bleeding in these patients. A prospective nonrandomized unblinded study was carried out at the King ...
Betts Brian C BC Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2011
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) may be an important pathogen following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We prospectively evaluated weekly HHV6 viremia testing after allogeneic HCT using a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay. HHV-6 viremia was detected in 46 of 82 (56%) patients at a median of 23 days post-HCT ...
Wang Shaobai S Bioengineering Lab, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MA General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2011
Case-control study. To evaluate the effect of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) on the disc deformation at the adjacent level and at the level one above the adjacent level during end ranges of lumbar motion. It has been reported that in patients with DDD, the intervertebral discs adjacent to the ...
Buellesfeld Lutz - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, device performance, and clinical outcome up to 2 years for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The role of TAVI in the treatment of calcific aortic stenosis evolves rapidly, but mid- and long-term results are scarce. We conducted a ...
Hashem Ahmed M - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Full-thickness grafting from the ulnar border of the palm is an acceptable choice to cover appropriately sized defects of the volar surface of the hand. The outcome and donor-site morbidity are discussed. PATIENTS:: Twenty-two patients with variably located defects were treated with this technique. Mean age was 26.6 years ...
Pal A - - 2011
Objectives:  The frequency of pituitary tumour regrowth after an episode of classical pituitary apoplexy is unknown. It is thus unclear whether regrowth, if it occurs, does so less frequently than with non apoplectic non functioning pituitary macroadenomas that have undergone surgery without postoperative irradiation. This has important repercussions on follow ...
Comelli Ivan - - 2011
Rationale  At present, most patients presenting directly to emergency departments (EDs) do not meet the recommended door-to-balloon goal of less than 90 minutes for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Until the year 2005, the goal of less than 90 minutes door-to-balloon time has been rarely achieved in our hospital (i.e. ...
Gazzera C - - 2011
PURPOSE: We conducted a single-centre retrospective analysis of the results and predictors of early mortality in emergency transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1992 and 2009, 82 patients with refractory variceal bleeding underwent emergency TIPS at our Institution. The success and complications of the procedure were assessed ...
Agabegi Steven S - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohortOBJECTIVE: To determine whether preoperative radiographic parameters (translation, angular motion and lateral disc height) can predict fusion status in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis who underwent a one-level decompression and noninstrumented posterolateral fusion using autogenous iliac crest bone graft.SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Noninstrumented posterolateral fusion is sometimes considered ...
Zhu Yi-Ming - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Engaging Hill-Sachs lesions are known to be a risk factor for recurrence dislocation after arthroscopic repair in patients with anterior shoulder instability. For a large engaging Hill-Sachs lesion, arthroscopic remplissage is a solution. HYPOTHESIS: Arthroscopic Bankart repair combined with the Hill-Sachs remplissage technique can achieve good results without significant ...
Benyahia Hicham - - 2011
The choice of treatment in adult skeletal Class III occlusions often poses a particularly tricky problem for the orthodontist. Faced with the option of either orthodontic camouflage or orthognathic surgery, the clinician's clinical experience is of paramount importance, especially in borderline cases. The aim of our study was to uncover ...
Hammerstingl Christoph - - 2011
Objective To assess the risk of bleeding and thromboembolism (TE) of bridging therapy with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in patients undergoing pacemaker implantation. Background Current guidelines on peri-procedural management of patients with chronic oral anticoagulation (OAC) give no explicit recommendations on how to treat patients undergoing pacemaker implantations. Methods ...
Chang Mei-Yu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chair-sitting may allow for more readily activated scalene, sternocleidomastoid and parasternal intercostals muscles, and may raise and enlarge the upper thoracic cage, thereby enabling the thoracic cage to become more easily compressed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chair-sitting training on respiratory muscle function ...
Horii Arata - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: Bipolar scissors tonsillectomy followed by cooling down the pharyngeal mucosa has advantages in terms of postoperative pain and intraoperative blood loss compared with cold dissection. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative pain between bipolar scissors tonsillectomy followed by cooling the pharyngeal mucosa and ...
Ahmed Bina - - 2011
The COURAGE (Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation) trial was designed to compare optimal medical therapy alone versus optimal medical therapy and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of patients with stable coronary artery disease and showed equal efficacy for optimal medical therapy with or without PCI. The ...
Reddy G Kesava - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Ventriculoperitoneal shunting is the most widely used neurosurgical procedure for the management of hydrocephalus. Objective: To evaluate the long-term single institution experience in the management of adult hydrocephalus patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts in adult patients. METHODS:: Adult patients who underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus from October 1990 to ...
Li Simon - - 2011
Intracranial arterial dissection is relatively rare and generally considered to have a worse outcome than extracranial arterial dissection. It is a clinically significant entity that can cause severely disabling ischaemic stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Only a few large case series of intracranial arterial dissection have been reported, particularly in ...
Trifanescu Raluca - - 2011
Objective: To clarify the outcome of all cases of Rathke's cleft cysts (RCC) treated surgically and followed-up in Oxford during a long-term period. Subjects and Methods: The records of all patients with RCC seen in the Department of Endocrinology between 1/1978-6/2009 were reviewed. Results: Thirty-three patients (20 females, median age ...
Ferrara Pietro - - 2011
Abstract Drug-induced renal injury represents a frequent clinical entity. The most common drugs associated with acute tubular necrosis are aminoglycosides, amphotericin B, radiocontrast agents, and cyclosporine, but no data exist about the potential renal toxicity due to anthelmintics administration. Anthelmintics are commonly considered quite safe agents, and side effects such ...
Kraft Shannon - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To report survey results of members of the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology (ASPO) on the practice patterns of surveillance endoscopy and management of suprastomal granuloma (SSG) in children younger than 2 years with indwelling tracheostomy tubes and to review our internal practice patterns. PATIENTS: All patients younger than ...
Polimenakos Anastasios C - - 2011
Objective: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in children with cardiac arrest refractory to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been reported with encouraging results. We sought to review outcomes of neonates with functional single ventricle (FSV) receiving post-cardiotomy ECPR. Methods: Forty-eight patients who required post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) since the introduction ...
Muroi Carl - - 2011
Despite the failure of the international extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass study in showing the benefit of bypass procedure for prevention of stroke recurrence, it has been regarded to be beneficial in a subgroup of well-selected patients with haemodynamic impairment. This report includes the EC-IC bypass experience of a single centre over ...
Pascali Maria Paola - - 2011
PURPOSE: Botulinum toxin type A has revolutionized the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction. The original injection technique used a rigid cystoscope and a flexible collagen needle. To date botulinum toxin type A injection techniques have not been standardized. We present our experience in pediatric patients using a new flexible injection ...
Swanson Gregory P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To validate established postoperative nomograms in a patient population with long-term follow-up. There are well-documented risk factors that can help predict for failure after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. When combined together, the predictive power is greater than any single factor. It now appears that the most powerful tool ...
Lee Seung Hwan - - 2011
We aimed to investigate the difference in efficacy of medical treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) between normal and obese patients with BPH; obesity was determined by either body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC). In this 12-week prospective observational study, a total of 175 patients aged ≥40 ...
Al-Ghazo Mohammed A - - 2011
This work was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of emergency ureteroscopic lithotripsy in patients with ureteral stones. From May 2003 to December 2010, 244 patients (184 men and 60 women, mean age 45.6 ± 12.7 years (range 22-73 years) were treated with emergency ureteroscopic lithotripsy for ureteral calculi. All patients were divided ...
Somoano Brian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The paramedian forehead flap (PFF) is a common method of reconstruction for large nasal defects. Generally, surgeons divide this flap at 3 weeks. This delay can result in a significant decrease in the quality of life for these patients. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the indications and technique for ...
Pfeiffer Norbert - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy and safety of timolol 0.5% versus brinzolamide 1.0% when added to travoprost monotherapy in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. METHODS: Patients meeting selection criteria (IOP one eye 19 mmHg and ≤32 mmHg and IOP both eyes ≤32 mmHg at 8:00 h) were switched to travoprost monotherapy ...
Schuman Earl - - 2011
Although more challenging to place, the HeRO device (Hemosphere Inc, Eden Prairie, Minn) provides the dialysis access-challenged patient the opportunity to have an upper extremity graft rather than being dependent on a catheter or requiring a lower extremity access. A major difficulty with the HeRO is the need for a ...
Gregersen Merete - - 2012
Hip fracture is a common cause of long hospital stay in the elderly. Approximately one third of these patients die within the first year. As a consequence geriatric and orthopedic collaboration (orthogeriatrics) has been organized in different ways. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of a ...
Manninen Hannu - - 2011
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the primary and long-term venographic and clinical results of catheter-directed thrombolysis in the treatment of proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of lower extremity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients with mean age of 48 (range 15-81) years with acute DVT (symptom duration of less than 2 weeks), ...
Berent Allyson C - - 2011
Objective-To determine the outcome of minimally invasive ureteral stent placement for dogs with malignant ureteral obstructions. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-12 dogs (15 ureters) with ureteral obstruction secondary to a trigonal urothelial carcinoma. Procedures-In all patients, indwelling, double-pigtail ureteral stents were placed by means of percutaneous antegrade needle and guide wire ...
Schrut Gianna Carla Alberti - - 2011
Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) is an alternative therapy for thyroid nodules (TN). However, some concern is raised on its carcinogenic effects. To evaluate the cytological and clinical changes caused by PEI in patients with benign TN. Thirty-nine patients with TN (23.1% hyperfunctioning) were submitted to a median of three PEI ...
Riera María - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Evaluating patient outcomes following cardiac surgery is a means of measuring the quality of that surgery. The present study analyzes survival and the risk factors associated with mid-term mortality of patients undergoing cardiac surgery in Son Dureta University Hospital (Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain). METHODS: From November 2002 ...
Moore Katherine - - 2011
To prospectively evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic injection in the adult population with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). The search for VUR is a part of the standard workup of children with febrile urinary tract infections. However, VUR can present later in life and should be investigated in the case of recurrent ...
Benson Aaron D - - 2011
PURPOSE: Metal ureteral stents are a relatively new version of a device with a long history of relieving ureteral obstruction. Metal stents are effective for relieving ureteral obstruction but success regarding patient tolerability has been variable. We present our single institution experience with long-term metal ureteral stent placement. MATERIALS AND ...
Mullaji Arun B - - 2011
One hundred twenty-two consecutive minimally invasive Oxford phase 3 medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasties in 109 patients were evaluated for postoperative limb alignment and the influence of factors such as preoperative limb alignment, age, body mass index, sex, insert thickness, and surgeon's experience. The mean mechanical preoperative hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle of ...
Roohipoor Ramak - - 2011
To evaluate the results of intravitreal bevacizumab in terms of regression of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In this interventional case series, 12 eyes from January 2007 to December 2008 were included. Two groups of patients were considered. Group 1 included those ROP patients who did not respond to conventional laser ...
Griepentrog Gregory J GJ Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2011
To report the incidence and demographics of childhood ptosis diagnosed over a 40-year period in a well-defined population. Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Patients (<19 years) diagnosed with childhood ptosis and residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, from January 1, 1965, through December 31, 2004. The medical records of all potential patients ...
Boriani Giuseppe - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke risk stratification schema do not consider AF parameters. The aim of the study is to assess the impact of combining risk factors with continuous AF burden monitoring. METHODS: In this retrospective study 568 patients implanted with a DDDR-P pacemaker (AT-500; ...
Hussein Ayman A - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is increasingly used in clinical practice. We aimed to study the natural history and long-term outcomes of ablated AF. We followed 831 patients after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) performed in 2005. We documented clinical outcomes using our prospective AF registry with most recent update on this ...
Dreger H - - 2011
AIM: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important risk factor for perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Despite high clinical relevance, current guidelines lack clear recommendations on the optimal approach for patients with insufficiently treated COPD and urgent need for cardiac surgery. The aim of the ...
Tsivgoulis Georgios - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Efforts to increase the availability and shorten the time delivery of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke carry the potential for tissue plasminogen activator administration in patients with diseases other than stroke, that is, stroke mimics (SMs). We aimed to determine safety and to describe ...
Krul Sébastien P J - - 2011
Thoracoscopic pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and ganglionated plexus ablation is a novel approach in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesize that meticulous electrophysiological confirmation of PVI results in fewer recurrences of AF during follow-up. Surgery was performed through 3 ports bilaterally. Ganglionated plexi were localized and subsequently ablated. ...
Arias Luis - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a flexible regimen with intravitreal injections of ranibizumab in patients with naive choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration and to determine whether the final outcome is related to the number of injections. METHODS:: Prospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series study. We included ...
Odell David D - - 2011
Mounier-Kuhn syndrome (MKS) is a condition characterized by tracheobronchomegaly resulting from the loss or atrophy of musculoelastic fibers within the airway wall. Concomitant tracheobronchomalacia is seen in most patients with MKS, often leading to significant respiratory compromise due to bronchiectasis, increased dead space, and impaired secretion clearance. We report a ...
Brodaty Henry - - 2011
ABSTRACTBackground: The Prospective Research In MEmory clinics (PRIME) is a three-year non-prescriptive, observational study identifying and measuring relationships among predictor and outcome variables.Methods: Patients from nine memory clinics, diagnosed with dementia or mild cognitive impairment (MCI), living in the community with <40 hours/week nursing care were divided into diagnostic groups ...
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