Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 4258
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Barysch Mj - - 2011
Background  Melasma treatment remains challenging despite various laser systems available, because of potential side-effects and high recurrence rates. Objective  Non-ablative fractionated photothermolysis (FP) is a promising therapeutic method, long-time results comparing treated vs. non-treated site are lacking. Methods  A total of 14 patients were treated with FP in a split-face ...
Rodriguez-DE LA Corte H - - 2011
Summary.  The literature describes radiosynovectomy (RS) as a good non-surgical option for reducing synovial membrane size and thus the number of haemarthrosis episodes. However, there are still many aspects concerning the beneficial effects of RS that have not been quantified. A total of 156 radiosynovectomies (RS) were performed in 104 ...
Davies D Mark DM Institute of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, United - - 2011
Renal angiomyolipomas are a frequent manifestation of tuberous sclerosis and sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). These disorders are associated with mutations of TSC1 or TSC2 that lead to overactivation of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), suggesting an opportunity for targeted therapy by using mTORC1 inhibitors. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of ...
Han Yaling - - 2011
BACKGROUNDS: The CREATE is a post-marketing surveillance multicenter registry that demonstrated satisfactory angiographic and clinical (at 18 months) outcomes of a biodegradable polymer based sirolimus-eluting stent (EXCEL, JW Medical System, Weihai, China) for the treatment of patients in routine clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the 3-year clinical safety and efficacy ...
McGillicuddy Daniel C - - 2011
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2011; 18:1-5 © 2011 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine ABSTRACT: Background:  Implementation of rapid response systems to identify deteriorating patients in the inpatient setting has demonstrated improved patient outcomes. A "trigger" system using vital sign abnormalities to initiate evaluation by physician was recently described as ...
Panarello G - - 2011
This article presents the case of a pregnant woman affected by A/H1N1 flu progressed to ARDS requiring rescue therapy by VV ECMO. Due to the early gestational age, the patient was placed on ECMO before delivery. Four weeks after VV-ECMO placement, a Cesarean section was successfully performed while on ECMO ...
Yang Cheng-Chien - - 2011
Abstract Conclusions: Radial forearm free flap (RFFF)-accompanied phonation tube (PT) for voice and speech restoration after pharyngolaryngectomy is promising, especially in phonation efficacy and intelligibility. It offers not only another safe surgical option but also a satisfactory result for such patients with advanced hypopharyngeal cancer. Objectives: We use RFFF with ...
Kefer Joelle - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: Percutaneous transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal defect (ASD) has been shown to be feasible. AIM.: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter interatrial septal shunt closure with prosthesis implantation in adults patients during long term follow-up. ...
Bölling Tobias - - 2011
PURPOSE: : Total body irradiation (TBI) is a standard treatment modality within the multidisciplinary approach for allogeneous stem cell or bone marrow transplantation. However, surviving patients are at risk for developing a variety of late sequelae. This analysis aimed to retrospectively characterize late effects after TBI in adults treated in ...
Lee Taek-Gu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the notion that preoperative anal incontinence might be a potent predictive factor for anal incontinence (AI) after restorative proctectomy in rectal cancer patients. The principal objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for persistent anal incontinence following restorative proctectomy. METHODS: This study was ...
Hsu Ruey-Fen - - 2011
Objective. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a serious form of mediastinitis with a high mortality rate. It is caused by the downward spread of an oropharyngeal or cervicofascial infection. The optimal surgical approach for this often fatal disease is controversial. This article describes the authors' experience and characterizes the surgical ...
Kadaňka Zdeněk - - 2011
It is not known whether the results of decompressive surgery to treat the mild and moderate forms of spondylotic cervical myelopathy (CSM) are any better than those of a conservative approach. A 10-year prospective randomised study was performed. The objective of the study was to compare conservative and operative treatments ...
Tang Xiaodong - - 2011
HYPOTHESIS: Scapular prosthetic replacement after total scapulectomy can result in oncologic salvage and good postoperative function with a low rate of complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients who underwent constrained scapular prosthetic replacement after total scapulectomy between 2003 and 2009 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: At a mean follow-up of 36 ...
Wibmer Andreas - - 2011
PURPOSE: To analyze the hazard and causes of death after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms during a complete ten year follow-up. METHODS: This is a retrospective clinical study of 130 consecutive patients undergoing EVAR between 1995 and 1998. One-hundred twenty-one patients (93.1%) were treated with first-generation stentgrafts ...
van Boeckel P G A - - 2011
Background  Placement of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) or plastic stents (SEPS) has emerged as a minimally invasive treatment option for benign oesophageal ruptures and leaks; however, it is not clear which stent type should be preferred. Aim  To assess clinical effectiveness and safety of treating benign oesophageal ruptures and anastomotic ...
Sitniakowsky L S - - 2011
Aim: To determine the effect of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions during cardiac surgery on cytokine gene expression (GE) in relation to multiple organ failure (MOF) development after systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Background: RBC transfusion in cardiac surgery patients is dose-dependently associated with post-operative MOF, possibly acting as a ...
Deshmukh Anand - - 2011
There is lack of consensus regarding use of antithrombotic therapy (AT) in patients with indications for long-term anticoagulation who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of various antithrombotic regimens in this patient population. We conducted a Medline search for all English language, full-text articles ...
Schwindt Arne Gerhard - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to report the early and late results of primary stenting for focal atherosclerotic lesions of the infrarenal aorta. A retrospective analysis of 52 consecutive patients treated for infrarenal occlusive aortic disease with primary stenting between January 2002 and November 2009 was performed. Original angiographic ...
Nielsen Dorthe Viemose - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Aminoglycoside treatment has been associated with nephrotoxic effects. However, the effect of perioperative aminoglycoside treatment on the risk of acute kidney injury requiring dialysis among patients undergoing cardiac surgery remains uncertain. METHODS: We performed a register study based on prospectively collected data from population-based health care databases of 3625 ...
Li Jian - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study was designed to present the treatment outcomes with Wingspan stent angioplasty of high-grade intracranial vertebrobasilar artery (VBA) stenosis in symptomatic patients. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2010, the records of 30 patients with 31 intracranial high-grade VBA stenoses (all≥70%) who underwent elective stenting due to the failure of ...
Anvari Mehran - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigated patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) who were stable and symptomatically controlled with long-term medical therapy to compare ongoing optimized medical therapy with laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF). METHODS: Of the 180 patients eligible for randomization, 104 gave informed consent, and 3 withdrew from ...
Mouterde G - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: /st> To determine predictors of short-term radiographic progression in an inception cohort of patients with early arthritis. METHODS: /st> Patients presenting with synovitis of at least two joints for 6 weeks to 6 months were included in the Etude et Suivi des POlyarthrites Indifferenciées Récentes (ESPOIR) cohort. Univariate analysis ...
O'Brien-Irr Monica S - - 2011
This study evaluated outcomes after endovascular intervention (EVI) for chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI) by Rutherford category (RC) 4, rest pain; and 5, tissue loss. The medical records of all EVI performed for RC-4 to RC-5 by vascular surgeons at a single institution during a 3-year period were reviewed for ...
AbuRahma Ali F - - 2011
Few studies have specifically correlated the amount of thrombus in the aneurysm sac and the presence of type II endoleaks (TIIE). This study examined the correlation of preoperative thrombus load and location to the incidence of TIIE and late sac regression. Prospectively collected data from 266 endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) ...
Nemeş Raducu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Lumbar sympathectomy (LS) is still indicated for peripheral arterial occlusive diseases (PAOD) with critical ischemia beyond any vascular reconstruction. The retroperitoneoscopic approach was proven feasible and effective but its results were never evaluated in larger series. METHODS: Between January 2007 and January 2009, 50 patients were included in a ...
Murphy Michael P - - 2011
The purpose of this Phase I open label nonrandomized trial was to assess the safety and efficacy of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell (ABMNC) therapy in promoting amputation-free survival (AFS) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Between September 2005 and March 2009, 29 patients (30 limbs), with a median ...
Bernasek Thomas - - 2011
Postoperative audible squeaking has been well documented in ceramic-on-ceramic hip prostheses, and several metal-on-metal (MOM) THA designs, specifically those used for large-head resurfacing and MOM polyethylene sandwich designs, and are attributed to different implant- and patient-specific factors. Current literature does not identify the incidence of squeaking in modular MOM THA ...
Alan C - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Stone characterization is becoming important before decision of treatment such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Some studies have reported that the twinkling artifact (color-flow ultrasonography artifact) may be useful to detect urinary stones. This study aims to determine whether the presence or absence of ...
de Gregorio Miguel A - - 2011
PURPOSE: To describe the use of self-expandable metallic stents to manage malignant colorectal obstructions and to compare the radiation dose between fluoroscopic guidance of stent placement and combined endoscopic and fluoroscopic guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1998 to December 2007, 467 oncology patients undergoing colorectal stent placement in a ...
Terlecki Ryan P - - 2011
To report the outcomes of men treated initially with a period of urethral rest to allow tissue recovery before anterior urethroplasty. Many men referred to referral centers for anterior urethral reconstruction often present soon after the endoscopic manipulation of severe strictures. We reviewed our database of all anterior urethroplasties performed ...
Adamski Henri - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Solar urticaria (SU) is a rare idiopathic photodermatosis induced immediately after sun exposure. This disorder may considerably restrict normal daily life and management is extremely difficult when treatment with oral H1 antihistamines and sun avoidance are ineffective. OBJECTIVE: We sought to report the effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) in ...
Slim H - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Compare the outcome of distal (bypass to the crural arteries) versus ultradistal (bypass to the pedal arteries) bypasses in patients with critical leg ischaemia (CLI). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of patients with CLI undergoing infra-popliteal bypass surgery is performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing infra-popliteal bypass ...
Tambyraja A L - - 2011
AIMS: The utility of fenestrated-endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) remains uncertain. This study examines the medium term outcomes of patients undergoing FEVAR for asymptomatic juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective FEVAR for juxtarenal AAA at a single tertiary centre were studied between October 2005 and March 2010. ...
Kinoshita Takeshi - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) and atrial fibrillation (AF) after isolated off-pump coronary bypass surgery. Methods: Of 683 consecutive patients undergoing isolated coronary bypass surgery by a single surgeon between January 2002 and March 2009, 552 were retrospectively ...
Shime N - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of de-escalating antimicrobial therapy in immunocompetent patients presenting with bacteraemia due to antibiotic-sensitive pathogens. We screened 1,350 positive blood cultures identified in a single, 1,065-bed university hospital over 5 years, and retained 310 cases of bacteraemia due to ...
Song Taejong - - 2011
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the oncologic and reproductive outcomes of patients with borderline ovarian tumours (BOTs) who were treated with cystectomy or unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (USO). METHODS The medical records of patients with BOTs who were treated between 1997 and 2009 were reviewed retrospectively. The recurrence ...
Staykov Dimitre - - 2011
Background and purpose Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is an independent predictor of poor outcome in spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). Larger IVH volume and increasing number of affected ventricles have been associated with worse prognosis, however, little is known about the prognostic value of blood volume in the different parts of the ...
Chan Chih-Yang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to compare management of varicose veins by endovenous laser ablation (EVL) and a vein-sparing procedure (CHIVA: Conservatrice et Hémodynamique de l'Insuffisance Veineuse en Ambulatoire) for management of varicose veins. METHODS: Data from 82 consecutive patients with great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux and ...
Du Chang-Zheng CZ Department of Colorectal Surgery, Peking University School of Oncology, Fucheng Road 52, Haidian District, Beijing 100142, - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of multidisciplinary team (MDT) treatment modality on outcomes of patients with gastrointestinal malignancy in China. Data about patients with gastric and colorectal cancer treated in our center during the past 10 years were collected and divided into two parts. Part 1 consisted of the data collected ...
Elsharawy Mohamed A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Persistent high incidence of limb loss resulting from advanced foot gangrene in patients with diabetes prompted an aggressive foot salvage surgery as a final attempt before below-the-knee amputation (BKA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of transtarsal amputations in achieving limb salvage at our vascular ...
Nielsen Hans Henrik Møller - - 2011
Abstract Objectives. The use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for high-risk patients was introduced in the early 2000s for treatment of aortic valve stenosis patients with too high surgical risk. During the last years, there has been a dramatic increase in TAVI procedures. TAVI programs are implemented in numerous ...
Hiromatsu S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare our perioperative outcomes for open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) between the pre-endovascular aneurysm repair (pre-EVAR) and EVAR eras and to analyse whether the AAA that was excluded from EVAR could affect the perioperative outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Kurume ...
Vekeman Francis - - 2011
Abstract Background: Total hip and total knee replacement (THR/TKR) patients are at increased risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). VTE prevention using anticoagulation therapy increases the risk of bleeding. Therefore, any assessment of the cost of VTE and its prevention should also take into consideration risks and costs of bleeding. ...
Mihos Christos G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the outcomes of patients with a history of previous sternotomy who underwent minimally invasive mitral valve surgery through a right minithoracotomy approach. METHODS: We reviewed all the isolated mitral valve operations performed at our institution between January 1, 2005, and October 8, 2010, and selected for analysis ...
Aberg Daniel - - 2011
Context and Objective: GH has positive cognitive effects when given to GH-IGF-I-deficient patients. GH and IGF-I exert both neuroprotective and regenerative effects on experimental stroke. We investigated whether the endogenous serum IGF-I (s-IGF-I) levels correlated with recovery of functional independence in patients who had suffered an ischemic stroke. Subjects and ...
Bramer Sander - - 2011
Objective: Given the shortage of small-sized cryopreserved homografts for right ventricle (RV) to pulmonary artery (PA) reconstructions, more readily available larger-sized homografts can be used after size reduction by bicuspidalization. The aim of our study was to determine and compare function over time of standard and bicuspidalized homografts in infants ...
Ratto C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Traditional treatment of fourth-degree haemorrhoidal disease (HD) is conventional haemorrhoidectomy and is frequently associated with significant pain and morbidity. In recent years, the use of transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) for the treatment of HD has increased. The procedure aims to decrease the arterial blood flow to the haemorrhoids. Moreover, ...
Fritz S L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on rehabilitative techniques focused on reducing disabilities after cerebral hemispherectomy despite persistent hemiparesis. OBJECTIVES: The efficacy of Intensive Mobility Training (IMT) for improving gait, balance and mobility was evaluated in patients after cerebral hemispherectomy and compared with clinical variables for signs of developmental neuroplasticity. METHODS: Participants ...
Della Puppa Alessandro - - 2011
Anticonvulsant therapy is usually recommended before surgery in all patients affected by high grade glioma who are planned to be treated with Carmustine 1,3-bis [2 chloroetyl]-1-nitrosurea, or BCNU) wafers. In fact, phase III studies have reported a risk of seizures higher than 30% in this group of patients. The aim ...
Kim Jin-Tae - - 2011
Despite potential benefits of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) solution as a cardioplegic solution, it can cause hyponatremia, especially in pediatric patients. Fluctuations in the sodium concentration during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can adversely affect the central nervous system. We evaluated the relationship between the cardioplegic solution, the fluctuation of sodium concentration, and the ...
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