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Results 251 - 300 of 4238
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Rolff Hans Christian - - 2011
This study describes unsedated transnasal oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (UT-OGD) in the office setting. Evaluation of national guidelines regarding primary endoscopy for the investigation of upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms was also a focus of this study. Retrospective registration of 2,000 cases regarding demographics, symptoms, pre-endoscopic treatment, feasibility and findings. The proportion of males ...
Levy Franck - - 2011
In a multicentre series of patients with low-ejection fraction/low-gradient aortic stenosis (LEF/LGAS), we evaluated the prognostic impact of valvuloarterial impedance (Zva). Zva in AS, a measure of global afterload taking into account systemic arterial compliance, has been proposed for risk stratification in paradoxical LGAS. We hypothesized that Zva could help ...
Fontana Luigi - - 2011
: To investigate the influence of graft-host interface on the quality of vision after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). : Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series. Sixty patients (60 eyes) with advanced keratoconus underwent DALK using the big-bubble technique. Twenty-eight patients had complete stromal excision with Descemet membrane (DM) exposure [DALK ...
Campa Claudio - - 2011
To evaluate changes in the multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) undergoing ranibizumab treatment. This was an observational, longitudinal, prospective study. Treatment-naive patients with nAMD who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria underwent a course of monthly injections of ranibizumab over 3 months. At baseline ...
de Oliveira Gildasio S GS - - 2011
: Regional anesthesia has been shown to blunt the response to surgical stress and decrease the use of volatile anesthetics and the consumption of opioids, which may reduce immune compromise and potentially delay tumor recurrence. The goal of this study was to find a possible association between intraoperative regional anesthesia ...
Carlo Waldemar F - - 2011
A dilated aortic root is a common finding in children and adults with some forms of congenital heart defects. No data exist on root dilation in truncus arteriosus. We sought to delineate root dimensions across a population of patients with truncus arteriosus. We performed a single-center retrospective review of all ...
Wong Janice - - 2011
Background/Objective: Differences in patient adherence to various disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) are not well understood. The goal of this study was to evaluate adherence of adult MS patients in Ontario with public drug plan coverage to various DMDs: intramuscular interferon beta-1a (i.m. IFNβ-1a, Avonex), ...
Erbil Yeşim - - 2011
The etiology of postoperative hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy appears to be multifactorial, that is, postoperative transient hypoparathyroidism, low 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD) concentrations, aging, and hyperthyroidism with increased bone turnover. Our aim was to evaluate the factors responsible for postoperative hypocalcemia in euthyroid vitamin D-deficient/insufficient Graves patients who underwent total ...
Kim Mi Kyung - - 2011
: To assess the feasibility of using medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) to treat early-stage endometrial cancer in young women who want to preserve their reproductive potential. : Prospective observational study of 5 young patients (mean [SD] age, 38.4 [4.8] years; range, 33-41 years) with a grade ...
Hung Nguyen Ngoc - - 2011
The objective of this study was to analyze two surgical techniques in the treatment of fibrous rectus femoris muscle in children. Data from 152 patients (161 knees) from July 1991 to December 2004 were analyzed. Clinical signs were knee stiffness in swing phase, positive Ely and Ober tests, and abnormal ...
Kabbani Loay - - 2011
To assess the efficacy of axillary vein transplantation in the treatment of severe chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). Among 139 complex venous reconstructions performed between 1991 and 2007 for CVI, 18 patients underwent upper extremity to lower extremity venous valve transplantation. An upper extremity valve was transplanted to the popliteal vein ...
Gurvitch Ronen - - 2011
Aims: There is heterogeneity in the reporting of procedural outcomes and complications following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Recently, new definitions have been proposed by the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC) in an effort to standardise these outcomes and improve the quality of future clinical research. The aim of this ...
Sallami Sataa - - 2011
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and side-effects of Polidocanol used as sclerosing agent for testicular hydrocele. Methods: One hundred and ninety men, with a median age of 55,9 years (40-89), treated for idiopatic hydrocele were assessed. After puncture and aspiration, the empty sac was instilled with 3% Polidocanol. We recorded ...
Ikeda Tetsuo - - 2011
To evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of overtube-guided covered metallic stent placement as palliative treatment for patients with inoperable malignant gastric outlet obstructions. To relieve the symptoms of severe nausea and recurrent vomiting in five patients with inoperable gastric cancer, we used an overtube (Long overtube; Sumitomo Bakelite, Tokyo, ...
Kim Jong Hoon - - 2011
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is an acquired, autoimmune blistering disorder caused by autoantibody production against type VII collagen. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical types, treatments, and outcomes of 30 patients with EBA. In our cohort, the median age of onset was 44.0 years, with a ...
Blecher Ronen - - 2011
Retrospective study. To analyze our experience in the treatment of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma, review the relevant literature, and propose a management algorithm. Hemangioma is one of the commonest benign neoplasms affecting the vertebral column. These usually dormant lesions may become symptomatic by causing pain, neurologic deficit, or both. Several treatment ...
Ho Josephine - - 2011
We describe the course of a toddler who ingested a massive amount of levothyroxine and review treatment options for such overdoses. A 2½-year-old boy presented shortly after an ingestion of up to 7.6 mg of levothyroxine (potentially as much as 700 μg/kg). He was initially asymptomatic, treated with oral charcoal ...
Stall Luke - - 2011
To evaluate the effectiveness of elective unilateral uterine artery embolization (UAE) in limited fibroid disease. A review of 1,431 UAE recipients at a single institution identified 76 who underwent unilateral embolization, most in the setting of anatomic variants or technical failure. A total of 28 had intentional unilateral UAE because ...
Usami Makoto - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of preoperative and postoperative synbiotic treatment in hepatectomy patients with or without liver cirrhosis. Methods: Sixty-one patients with hepatic cancer were assigned randomly to receive either oral synbiotics that consisted of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and galactooligosaccharides or no synbiotics (control) ...
Uchida Naomichi - - 2011
We describe the long-term efficacy of early entry closure for acute type B aortic dissection by open stent grafting based on long-term results and changes in the false lumen on enhanced computed tomography (CT). We performed open stent grafting for acute type B aortic dissection in 28 28 patients between ...
Fridman Gretta - - 2011
To evaluate the treatment of orbital infantile hemangiomas with systemic (oral) propranolol. This study was a retrospective observational case series of 5 infants who were diagnosed with orbital infantile hemangiomas between March and July of 2009. The average age at presentation was 3.1 months (3 weeks to 9 months). The ...
Haripriya Aravind - - 2011
To determine whether preoperative counseling on possible intraoperative visual perceptions during cataract surgery helps reduce the patients' fear during surgery. Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, India. Randomized masked clinical trial. Patients having phacoemulsification under topical anesthesia were randomized to receive additional preoperative counseling or no additional preoperative counseling on potential intraoperative ...
Zhang Fuxiang - - 2011
To evaluate and compare patient-reported visual function, spectacle independence, and quality of life before and after cataract surgery with bilateral diffractive multifocal or monofocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Department of Ophthalmology, Henry Ford Health System, Taylor Branch, Detroit, Michigan, USA. Prospective cohort study. This study evaluated consecutive cataract patients having ...
Meazzini Maria C - - 2011
Long-term results after orthopedic or surgical treatment of hemifacial microsomia (HFM) have shown a tendency toward recurrence of the facial asymmetry. However, the literature contains a number of successful case reports that show surprising changes in the morphology of the condyles. In addition, patients with similar mandibular asymmetries, treated early ...
Patel Praveen J - - 2011
To report the impact of intravitreous bevacizumab therapy on contrast sensitivity in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). This was a prospective, multicenter, double-masked, randomized, controlled trial of 131 patients with nAMD. The patients with nAMD had received intravitreal bevacizumab (n = 65) or standard therapy (n = 66) ...
Lahori Vikram Uday - - 2011
Brachial plexus block via the axillary approach is problematic in patients with limited arm mobility. In such cases, the infraclavicular approach may be a valuable alternative. The purpose of our study was to compare axillary and infraclavicular techniques for brachial plexus block in patients undergoing forearm and hand surgeries. After ...
Marya Sks - - 2011
Cemented hip arthroplasty is an established treatment for femoral neck fracture in the mobile elderly. Cement pressurization raises intramedullary pressure and may lead to fat embolization, resulting in fatal bone cement implantation syndrome, particularly in patients with multiple comorbidities. The cementless stem technique may reduce this mortality risk but it ...
Vojinovic Jelena - - 2011
The current treatment options for systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are methotrexate, steroids, and biologic agents. This study was undertaken to evaluate the safety of the orally active histone deacetylase inhibitor givinostat (ITF2357) and its ability to affect the disease. Givinostat was administered orally, for up to 12 weeks at ...
Diaz-Garcia Rafael J - - 2011
As the population in developed countries continues to age, the incidence of osteoporotic distal radius fractures (DRFs) will increase as well. Treatment of DRF in the elderly population is controversial. We systematically reviewed the existing literature for the management of DRFs in patients aged 60 and over with 5 common ...
Nocuń Anna - - 2011
Association between preoperative perfusion pattern and reperfusion after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is an important yet unexplored topic. Therefore, the aim of our study was to determine whether 99mTc-ECD single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) performed before carotid endarterectomy in patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis may be helpful in predicting ...
Moen Todd C - - 2011
Knee flexion contracture leading to crouch gait is commonly seen in children with myelomeningocele. Progressive increase in knee flexion contracture increases energy cost, which interferes with efficient, functional ambulation. To prevent this, surgical release has been recommended when a knee flexion contracture exceeds 15° to 20°. We therefore asked whether ...
Sundar Sugantha - - 2011
Low tidal volumes have been associated with improved outcomes in patients with established acute lung injury. The role of low tidal volume ventilation in patients without lung injury is still unresolved. We hypothesized that such a strategy in patients undergoing elective surgery would reduce ventilator-associated lung injury and that this ...
Bzowej Natalie N California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, - - 2011
The efficacy, tolerability, and safety of the prophylactic treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) after liver transplantation (LT) with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin are not known. LT recipients with HCV were randomized to peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin treatment or observation 10 to 26 weeks post-LT. Prophylaxis patients received peginterferon alfa-2a (135 μg/week ...
Rekand Tiina T Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, NO-5021 Bergen, Norway. - - 2011
Spasticity is a frequent disabling symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis, which contributes to functional deterioration. To evaluate the long-term effect of intrathecal baclofen therapy in multiple sclerosis-related spasticity and to evaluate the side-effects of long-term therapy, and the doses of baclofen required. Fourteen patients with multiple sclerosis were followed ...
Memon Muhammed Ashraf MA Department of Surgery, Ipswich Hospital, Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. - - 2011
To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy and drawbacks of limited (D1) versus extended lymphadenectomy (D2) for proven gastric adenocarcinoma. A search of Cochrane, Medline, PubMed, Embase, Science Citation Index and Current Contents electronic databases identified randomized controlled trials published in the English language between 1980 ...
Bansal Dipika D Department of Pharmacology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2011
Oxidative stress plays a major role in the pathogenesis of pancreatitis. Antioxidant therapy in the form of high-dose vitamin has been used for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis with equivocal results. We wished to evaluate the efficacy and safety of antioxidant (vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E) therapy in ...
Nolz Richard - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare perioperative and follow-up outcomes of symptomatic versus asymptomatic patients following endovascular repair of anastomotic pseudoaneurysms (APAs) of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 17 patients (two women), with a mean age of 66.2 years (range 30-83 years). Endovascular treatment was performed in ten ...
Janík Václav - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of self-expandable, biodegradable stent insertion for anastomotic strictures following treatment for rectosigmoid carcinoma. METHODS: Three male patients (median age 66) developed benign strictures after radiotherapy and resection of a recto-sigmoid carcinoma. These were resistant to balloon dilatation and prevented stoma reversal. Biodegradable stent insertion was ...
Thourani Vinod H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The impact of the degrees of renal dysfunction (RD) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) has not been well described. The purpose of this study was to compare patients undergoing AVR with a range of renal function from normal to dialysis-dependence. METHODS: A retrospective review of 2,408 patients undergoing AVR ...
Kamakura Tatsuro - - 2011
Autologous fat grafting for breast augmentation has faced some historical hurdles. However, in recent years it has been gaining acceptance from the medical community. This prospective, nonrandomized open-label study of 20 Japanese women supports the use of autologous fat grafting in breast augmentation and explores enhancement of fat graft tissue ...
Arendt Elizabeth A - - 2011
PURPOSE: The specific aim of this project was to review a homogenous group of patients who had chosen to undergo medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) repair to stabilize their patella after repeat (chronic) patellofemoral dislocations and to record the success of this procedure in stabilizing the patella against further lateral dislocations. ...
Willenberg Torsten - - 2011
Patients with renal insufficiency (RI) are frequently excluded from trials assessing various endovascular revascularization concepts in critical limb ischemia (CLI) although information on clinical outcomes is scarce. Consecutive patients with CLI undergoing endovascular lower limb revascularization during a 4.5-year time interval at a tertiary referral center were prospectively followed over ...
Wang Shijie - - 2011
This study aimed to explore the role of surface electromyography (sEMG) on the changes of myoelectric activities of quadriceps femoris and the assessment of its clinical effect before and after selective femoral neurotomy on spastic cerebral palsy with stiff knee. Selective femoral neurotomy was carried out in 15 patients on ...
Elstein Deborah - - 2011
Since bone pathology is a major concern in type 1 Gaucher disease (GD1), we evaluated bone mineral density (BMD) in adults receiving velaglucerase alfa in the seminal Phase I/II and extension trial. Ten treatment-naïve symptomatic patients with GD1 (four men, six women; median age 35years, range 18-62years) were included; of ...
Piazza Michele - - 2011
To compare outcomes of hybrid repair (HR) combining iliac artery stenting and open common femoral endarterectomy (CFE) with open aortoiliac and femoral reconstruction (OR) in patients with extensive iliac and common femoral occlusive disease (IFOD). Between 1998 and 2008, 92 patients (164 limbs) underwent OR and 70 (84 limbs) underwent ...
Rantanen T K - - 2011
Background: The role of fundoplication in the prevention of esophageal adenocarcinoma is controversial. Development of cancer is associated with proliferation and anti-apoptosis, for which little data exist regarding their response to fundoplication. Methods: Ki-67 and Bcl-2 expression was assessed in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) and the distal and proximal esophagus ...
Ahmed Sheba - - 2011
Objective:  Amiodarone is frequently associated with thyroid dysfunction. Identifying predictors for amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction and assessing treatment outcome may aid clinicians in daily practice. Methods:  We included 303 consecutive patients with amiodarone therapy for cardiac arrhythmias (260 with atrial fibrillation and 43 with ventricular arrhythmias). Thyroid function tests were performed ...
Stephen Linda J - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Levetiracetam (LEV) is a broad spectrum antiepileptic drug (AED) with a unique mechanism of action. This retrospective audit explores outcomes in patients commenced on LEV monotherapy at the Epilepsy Unit at the Western Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland from 1st January 2001 until 30th June 2009. METHODS: LEV monotherapy was started ...
Ryer Evan J - - 2011
To compare the clinical characteristics, anatomy, and outcomes of patients treated with open mesenteric revascularization (OR) for chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) before and after the preferential use of endovascular revascularization (ER). We reviewed a prospective database of 257 patients treated for CMI with OR or ER from 1998 to 2009. ...
Olsson Nicklas - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective randomized controlled study was to evaluate the long-term results after an acute Achilles tendon rupture in patients treated surgically or non-surgically. The focus was to evaluate whether any improvements occurred between the one and 2-year evaluation. METHOD: Eighty-one patients (67 men, 14 women) with ...
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