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Sedain Gopal - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Nerve transfers following traumatic brachial plexus injuries are seldom operated on after six months of injury because myoneural degeneration may set in before nerve regeneration can occur. An exception may lie in transferring healthy donor nerve fascicles directly onto an injured recipient nerve close to the motor point. This ...
Mantsopoulos Konstantinos - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate long-term recovery after Bell's palsy and evaluate specific parameters for predicting the long-term outcome of facial weakness. STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective clinical study combined with long-term follow-up. SETTING:: Tertiary care university hospital (Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Thessaloniki, Greece). PATIENTS:: Forty-four patients who were ...
Gupta Pravin J - - 2011
: Sucralfate is a cytoprotective agent which adheres to mucoproteins and forms a protective barrier at wound sites. In oral form it is a common ulcer medication, and as a topical preparation it has been used to treat a wide variety of wounds. : The present study was designed to ...
Fernandes Vinay - - 2011
Given that anecdotal evidence has suggested that certain groups of patients have difficulty accessing sinus surgery, this study aimed to discover the characteristics and access factors that deter patients from surgery. Patients were recruited from a community, academic otolaryngology-head and neck surgery practice serving a diverse community. In this cross-sectional ...
Giagulli V A - - 2011
Given the lack of clarity regarding the value of varicocele correction in improving male fertility, we examined whether divergent results in this regard could be attributed to selection of patients, especially with regard to the duration of their infertility or to the length of patients' androgen receptor CAG repeats. In ...
Mok Chi Chiu - - 2011
To study the effect of rosuvastatin on vascular biomarkers and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE patients with inactive disease and subclinical atherosclerosis were randomized in a double-blinded manner to receive either rosuvastatin (10 mg/day) or matching placebo (half in each group were also randomly allocated ...
Majholm Birgitte - - 2011
Postoperative nausea and vomiting causes discomfort in many patients despite both antiemetic prophylactics and improved anaesthetic techniques. Stimulation of acupoint P6 is described as an alternative method for prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting.In a randomised, double-blinded study, we aimed to investigate the effect of P6 acupoint stimulation on the ...
Giamundo Paolo - - 2011
Hemorrhoid laser procedure is a new laser procedure for outpatient treatment of hemorrhoids in which hemorrhoidal arterial flow feeding the hemorrhoidal plexus is stopped by means of Doppler-guided laser coagulation. Our aim was to compare the hemorrhoid laser procedure with rubber band ligation for outpatient treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids with ...
Schnack Didde T - - 2011
We investigated patients' self-reported experience following awake flexible fibreoptic tracheal intubation and compared this to the experience of matched patients who had undergone conventional tracheal intubation under general anaesthesia for the same type of surgical procedure. Patients suspected of having, or known to have, a difficult airway underwent flexible fibreoptic ...
Renzi Adolfo - - 2011
Stapled transanal rectal resection has become the primary surgical procedure for surgical treatment of obstructed defecation syndrome caused by rectocele or rectal intussusception. The procedure is generally performed with 2 circular staplers. Recently, a dedicated contour-curved stapler was developed. This study was designed to compare the effects of these stapler ...
Staehr Anne K - - 2011
Obese patients are at a high risk of postoperative complication, including surgical site infection (SSI). Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a high inspiratory oxygen fraction (80%) on SSI and pulmonary complications in obese patients undergoing laparotomy. This study was a planned analysis of the obese patients (body ...
Graziani Carlo - - 2011
Purpose: To describe the effect of subperiosteal midface lift on lower eyelid position of patients with chronic facial nerve palsy. Methods: In an observational prospective study nine patients underwent subperiosteal midface lift. Indications for surgery were lower eyelid paralytic retraction, lagophthalmos, ocular surface disruption, reactive tearing, midface ptosis, and facial ...
Bayer Ole - - 2011
Hydroxyethyl starch 200 is associated with renal impairment in sepsis, but hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 and gelatin are considered to be less harmful. We hypothesized that fluid therapy with only crystalloids would decrease the incidence of acute kidney injury. Prospective sequential comparison during intensive care unit stay. Surgical intensive care unit. ...
Chin Christopher J - - 2011
Hematoma is a potentially life-threatening complication of thyroid surgery. Ketorolac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with known antiplatelet activity that is used for analgesia. The goal of this study was to determine the risk of hematoma in patients who received ketorolac in thyroid surgery. Retrospective cohort study. London Health Sciences ...
Schatz Andreas - - 2011
To assess the safety of transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) and explore its efficacy in various subjective and objective parameters of visual function in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Twenty-four patients in this prospective, randomized, partially blinded, good-clinical-practice study underwent TES (5-ms biphasic pulses; 20 Hz; DTL electrodes) 30 minutes per ...
Lindgren Rickard - - 2011
: Anorectal function is often impaired after low anterior resection of the rectum. Many factors affect the functional outcome and not all are known. : This trial aimed to assess whether a temporary defunctioning stoma affected anorectal function after the patients had been stoma-free for a year. : Multicenter randomized ...
Guilhoto Laura M F F - - 2011
We report our pediatric experience with lacosamide, a new antiepileptic drug, approved by the US Food and Drug Administration as adjunctive therapy in focal epilepsy in patients more than 17 years old. We retrospectively reviewed charts for lacosamide use and seizure frequency outcome in patients with focal epilepsy (Wilcoxon signed ...
Nunley Ryan M - - 2011
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a concern for patients undergoing hip surgery, especially surface replacement arthroplasty (SRA) who tend to be younger, more active, and anticipate good motion. It is unclear, however, whether HO occurs more frequently after SRA than traditional total hip arthroplasty (THA) and whether aspirin influences the risk. ...
Schmidt W E - - 2011
The Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes 6 trial was an open-label trial comparing liraglutide with exenatide as an 'add-on' to metformin and/or sulphonylurea. Patients with Type 2 diabetes were randomized to liraglutide 1.8 mg once daily or exenatide 10 μg twice daily for 26 weeks. This was followed by ...
Johnson Aaron J - - 2011
High survival has been reported for resurfacing arthroplasty in patients with femoral deformities. Also, hardware removal may not always be necessary with resurfacing arthroplasty and may eliminate some of the difficulties performing total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with posttraumatic osteoarthritis. We therefore asked: (1) are survivorship higher in patients ...
Gutierrez Antonio - - 2011
Currently available data suggest that patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting who do not continue oral anticoagulation are at increased risk for mortality and morbidity. In this patient population, therapy directed at reducing both thromboembolism (via oral anticoagulation) and stent thrombosis (via dual antiplatelet ...
Bertelli Jayme Augusto - - 2011
Eleven patients over 40 years old, with median nerve lesions at the wrist, were operated on an average of 5 months after their injury. In six patients, the median nerve was repaired using a polypropylene mesh applied to secure the nerve stumps in contact, thereby allowing for direct repair with ...
Rice John P - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: The combination of octreotide, midodrine, and albumin (triple therapy) is used to treat hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) often as a bridge to liver transplantation (LT). We examined post-LT outcomes in recipients with HRS, including the effect of pre-LT triple therapy. METHODS.: Patients with HRS treated with triple therapy (cases) pre-LT ...
Calabrò Rocco Salvatore - - 2011
An elderly patient affected by incomplete cauda equina syndrome underwent intravesical electrostimulation (IVES) to improve impaired bladder emptying. One month after IVES treatment, which consisted of 20 daily sessions, cistometrography evidenced a normalization of urinary pattern and a concomitant, but unexpected, improvement of constipation (Wexner score from 22 to 4).This ...
Knoderer Chad A - - 2011
Purpose The efficacy of limited cefuroxime prophylaxis in pediatric patients after cardiovascular surgery was evaluated. Methods All patients age 18 years or younger who underwent cardiovascular surgery and received postoperative care from the cardiovascular surgery team between February and July 2006 (preintervention group) and between August 2006 and January 2007 ...
Schoenfeld Andrew J AJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2011
Retrospective cohort study. To determine the influence of age, comorbidities, and treatment type on mortality in elderly patients with acute Type II odontoid fractures. Prior studies have documented increased morbidity and mortality among geriatric patients sustaining odontoid fractures. However, there is limited data regarding the effect of patient age, medical ...
Leonardo C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Aim of the study is to evaluate the long-term results of tunica albuginea plication in patients with congenital curvature of the penis and to compare them with those obtained with the Nesbit technique. METHODS: Overall, 62 patients underwent surgical correction of congenital curvature of the penis from ...
Choi Sung Jun - - 2011
Abstract Background. In the palliative treatment of malignant dysphagia, fully covered, retrievable metal stents are not commonly used, mainly due to the high risk of migration. Therefore, we performed a prospective study to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a fully covered, retrievable self-expanding metal stent (Niti-S). Method. Between October 1998 ...
Tinius Marco - - 2011
PURPOSE: Patients presenting anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency and isolated osteoarthritis of the medial compartment are treated either with biplanar osteotomy or with total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, these patients between the forties and fifties are often very active in daily life and feel limited due to their knee. In ...
Banasiewicz Tomasz - - 2011
The main operative method in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients is restorative proctocolectomy with "J"-shaped pouch and temporary loop ileostomy. The aim of the study was the analysis of the frequency of the dysplasia and inflammation in the intestinal pouch and prognosis of the clinical course in FAP patients after ...
Kuo Hann-Chorng - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of onabotulinumtoxinA injections at bladder base/trigone and compare with injections at bladder body or bladder body/trigone for the treatment of idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) refractory to antimuscarinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single blind, randomized, paralleled, actively controlled ...
Patil P - - 2011
In stroke patients, it is difficult to manually assist dorsi-flexion during the normal gait cycle as it is a distal component. Furthermore, it is nearly impossible to simultaneously guard the patient and manually assist dorsi-flexion during the swing phase of gait. However, one of the key benefits of Thera-Band® Elastic ...
Starling Randall C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether results with the HeartMate (HM) II left ventricular assist device (LVAD) (Thoratec Corporation, Pleasanton, California) in a commercial setting are comparable to other available devices for the same indication. After a multicenter pivotal clinical trial conducted from 2005 to 2008, the ...
Delgadillo Verónica - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (Sanfilippo syndrome) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders caused by a deficiency in one of the four enzymes involved in the lysosomal degradation of heparan sulfate. Genistein supplementation has been proposed as a potential therapy for the reduction of substrates in patients with these disorders. ...
Melkas Susanna - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a frequent post-stroke complication that compromises effective rehabilitation and has been associated with poor outcome. We aimed to investigate whether delirium is associated with increased risk of post-stroke dementia and long-term mortality once confounding is taken into account. METHODS: The study comprised 263 consecutive acute ischemic stroke ...
Makani Harikrishna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Peripheral edema is considered to be a common and annoying adverse effect of calcium channel blockers (CCBs). It has been thought to occur secondary to arteriolar dilatation causing intracapillary hypertension and fluid extravasation. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and withdrawal rate of peripheral edema with CCBs. METHODS: A ...
Kim Hyoung-Il - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency is a common long-term sequelae after total gastrectomy. Intramuscular injection of vitamin B12 is the only known treatment. We investigated the efficacy and safety of oral vitamin B12 replacement for gastric cancer patients with vitamin B12 deficiency after total gastrectomy. METHODS: We performed a single-arm, open-label, ...
Beer Tomasz M - - 2011
PURPOSE: Sipuleucel-T, an autologous cellular immunotherapy, was investigated in a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial to determine its biologic activity in androgen dependent prostate cancer (ADPC).EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with prostate cancer detectable by serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) following radical prostatectomy received 3 to 4 months of androgen suppression therapy, and ...
McQuarrie Emily P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Contemporary studies analysing the long-term outcomes of patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy and nephrotic syndrome in the era of evidence-based antiproteinuric and immunosuppressive therapies are sparse. Controversy also persists regarding which immunosuppression (IS) regimen to use. In this retrospective cohort study, we aimed to characterize time to partial remission ...
Ito Shuichi - - 2011
Rituximab (RTX) has a significant steroid-sparing effect in children with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). However, patients are likely to relapse with the recovery of CD20+ cells. We conducted a small prospective cohort study with a historical control to evaluate the effect of RTX infusion followed by mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) as ...
Saran T - - 2011
Supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) are common after thoracic surgery and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial examined the effects of perioperative magnesium on the development of postoperative SVA. Two hundred patients undergoing thoracotomy for lobectomy, bi-lobectomy, pneumonectomy, or oesophagectomy were recruited and randomly allocated ...
den Exter Paul L - - 2011
The routine use of modern computed tomography scanners has led to an increased detection of incidental pulmonary embolism (PE), in particular in patients with cancer. The clinical relevance of these incidental findings is unknown. In this retrospective cohort study, oncology patients in whom PE was objectively proven between 2004 and ...
Wefel Jeffrey S - - 2011
Neurocognitive decline is a frequent adverse effect of glioblastoma. Antitumor therapies that are efficacious, as measured by traditional endpoints such as objective response (OR) and progression-free survival (PFS), and have beneficial effects on neurocognitive function (NCF) are of clinical benefit to these patients. We evaluated neurocognitive changes across time in ...
Marini Carlo - - 2011
Patients with inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (Inop-CTEPH) treated with conventional therapy have a poor survival. We compare the 3-year survival between those treated with conventional therapy and those treated with conventional therapy and a combination of novel drugs. We also evaluate the clinical course. A total of 34 Inop-CTEPH ...
Celik Oner - - 2012
To identify the effect of septorhinoplasty with spreader grafts on patients' perception of voice and to measure formant frequencies that may be responsible for perceived changes in voice quality. A total of 20 patients who underwent septorhinoplasty and had spreader grafts placed during the operations were included. All subjects were ...
Gu Jun - - 2011
Aims Pioglitazone, one of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma activators, possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In the present study, we sought to identify the impact of pioglitazone on the outcome of catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Methods and results We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of 150 consecutive ...
El-Hamamsy Ismail - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Total root replacement with biologic valves and reimplantation of the coronaries gives good early and midterm results. There is continuing concern, however, regarding the risks and long-term results for reoperation after total replacement of the aortic root with reimplantation of the coronaries. METHODS: Between June 1981 and July 2010, ...
Kumar Atul - - 2011
AIMS AND METHODS: Coaptive thermo coagulation (CTC) for the treatment of stigmata of recent hemorrhage (SRH) in the colon is risky. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of endoclips in 13 patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). Thirty-day re-bleeding and complication rates were comparable to a historical cohort of ...
Kunikowska Jolanta - - 2011
Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) using radiolabelled somatostatin analogues is a treatment option for patients with disseminated neuroendocrine tumours (NET). A combination treatment using the high-energy 90Y beta emitter for larger lesions and the lower energy 177Lu for smaller lesions has been postulated in the literature.The aim of the study ...
Lim Fat Mary Jane - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess YouTube videos for their efficacy as a patient resource for infantile spasms. Videos were searched using the terms infantile spasm, spasm, epileptic spasm, and West syndrome. The top 25 videos under each term were selected according to set criteria. Technical quality, diagnosis ...
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