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Romero-Aroca Pedro - - 2011
To determine the prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) in our health area, in 4 counties of Tarragona, and its involvement in the health status of the population. This was a cross-sectional study of a sample of 2,342 inhabitants aged = 60 years, randomly selected from the population census. Subjects were ...
Hamada Kazutoshi - - 2011
In 1990, Hamada et al. radiographically classified massive rotator cuff tears into five grades. Walch et al. subsequently subdivided Grade 4 to reflect the presence/absence of subacromial arthritis and emphasize glenohumeral arthritis as a characteristic of Grade 4. We therefore determined (1) whether patient characteristics and MRI findings differed between ...
Nolan Betsy M - - 2011
Early failure due to glenoid loosening with anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with severe rotator cuff deficiency led to the development of the reverse ball-and-socket shoulder prosthesis. The literature reports improved short-term pain and function scores following modern reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) in patients with cuff tear arthropathy ...
Santos Guilherme de Castro Gde - - 2011
This study was designed to evaluate analgesia (pain intensity and analgesic consumption) and the time of discharge of patients who underwent ilioinguinal (II) and iliohypogastric (IH) nerve block associated with wound infiltration with 0.75% ropivacaine, or not, after inguinal hernia repair surgery under spinal anesthesia. This was a prospective, randomized, ...
Babey Muriel - - 2011
Despite the fact that consensus guidelines recommend long-term dopamine agonist (DA) therapy as a first-line approach to the treatment of small prolactinoma, some patients continue to prefer a primary surgical approach. Concerns over potential adverse effects of long-term medical therapy and/or the desire to become pregnant and avoid long-term medication ...
Rodríguez-Fernández Angel L - - 2011
Rodríguez-Fernández AL, Garrido-Santofimia V, Güeita-Rodríguez J, Fernández-de-las-Peñas C. Effects of burst-type transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on cervical range of motion and latent myofascial trigger point pain sensitivity. To assess the effects of a burst application of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on cervical range of motion and pressure point sensitivity ...
Austin Luke - - 2011
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) improves function in selected patients with complex shoulder problems. However, we presume patient function would vary if performed primarily or for revision and would vary with other patient-specific factors. We compared (1) the shoulder scores and (2) complications in patients with RSA for revision arthroplasty with ...
Valenti Philippe - - 2011
Cuff tear arthropathy is the primary indication for total reverse shoulder arthroplasty. In patients with pseudoparalytic shoulders secondary to irreparable rotator cuff tear, reverse shoulder arthroplasty allows restoration of active anterior elevation and painless shoulder. High rates of glenoid notching have also been reported. We designed a new reverse shoulder ...
De Wilde Lieven - - 2011
Normal function of the upper limb is seldom restored after limb-sparing surgery for tumors of the proximal humerus. The literature suggests superior shoulder function is achieved in the short term with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty compared to other techniques when performed for conditions with rotator cuff deficiency. It is unclear ...
Yadav Ravi - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Subclinical neuropathy is an important feature of spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) but the true prevalence and electrophysiological characteristics in genetically proven patients of SCA 1, 2 and 3 are largely unknown. METHODS: We prospectively compared the electrophysiological characteristics of neuropathy in 61 genetically confirmed cases of SCA (SCA1=28, SCA2=16 and ...
Socolovsky Mariano - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Using grafts directed to distal targets in brachial plexus reconstruction has the advantage over proximal targets of avoiding axonal dispersion. A long graft (more than 10 cm) is needed to reach most distal targets. The objective of this article is to identify factors associated with good versus poor outcomes in ...
Dyson S - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: Neurectomy of the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve and plantar fasciotomy have become accepted as methods of treatment of proximal suspensory desmopathy (PSD), but there are limited long-term studies documenting the outcome. Objectives: To describe long-term follow-up in horses with PSD alone or with ...
Ponikowski Piotr - - 2012
Periodic breathing with central sleep apnoea (CSA) is common in heart failure patients and is associated with poor quality of life and increased risk of morbidity and mortality. We conducted a prospective, non-randomized, acute study to determine the feasibility of using unilateral transvenous phrenic nerve stimulation for the treatment of ...
Cappelleri Gianluca - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to evaluate whether continuous sciatic nerve block can improve postoperative pain relief and early rehabilitation compared with single-injection sciatic nerve block in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and lumbar plexus block. METHODS:: After ethical committee approval and written informed ...
Wegener Jessica T - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:: Continuous femoral nerve block in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) improves and shortens postoperative rehabilitation. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of sciatic nerve block to continuous femoral nerve block will shorten the time-to-discharge readiness. METHODS:: Ninety patients undergoing TKA ...
Surcel C - - 2011
Treatment of stress urinary incontinence consists of a wide range of options, from conservative therapies like lifestyle changes, medication, pelvic floor muscles exercises, electro-stimulation, to minimally invasive procedures--injection of collagen, suburethral slings TVT/TOT and last but not least, invasive surgical treatment reserved for recurrent and complex cases. Among the latest ...
Nam Yong-Seok - - 2011
HYPOTHESIS: The combination of suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) and axillary nerve block (ANB) has been reported to provide safe and effective analgesia for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. This study was designed to identify anatomic landmarks of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) and axillary nerve (AN) and to evaluate the effects of SSNB ...
Otani M - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of common peroneal nerve injury in FM drilling as compared to transtibial drilling in anatomical double-bundle ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Ten cadaveric knees without ligament injury or significant arthritis were used for this study. Knees were secured at 90° and ...
Zhang Xu - - 2011
PURPOSE: We report on a modified kite flap for the reconstruction of thumb pulp defects. We performed nerve repair to improve thumb pulp sensation. METHODS: From May 2005 to December 2008, 42 thumbs in 42 patients were treated. The average size of the thumb pulp defects was 2.1 × 2.6 ...
Hafezi Farhad - - 2011
Background: Epidural anesthesia (EA) is known to reduce postoperative thromboembolic complications, but the mechanisms are poorly understood. Review of the literature revealed no reports about the ability of epidural anesthesia (EA) to reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in abdominal contouring surgery and/or liposuction. Most medical publications in this ...
Wang Haili - - 2011
Splenic and portal vein thrombosis (SPVT) is a potentially life-threatening complication of splenectomy. There is a paucity of studies examining the role of prophylactic pre- and postoperative anticoagulation in the prevention of this complication. We designed a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) to more rigorously address the impact of prophylactic ...
Silva Francisco F Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2011
An association between therapeutic inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and solid malignancies was observed during the Wegener's Granulomatosis Etanercept Trial (WGET), which included 180 patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPA). The present study was conducted to determine the malignancy risk beyond the time of exposure to study therapy. ...
Moran D C - - 2011
Chronic pilonidal disease is a debilitating condition that typically affects young adults. There is a wide variety of available therapeutic strategies reflecting the inconsistent outcomes attributed to the various operative approaches. The majority involve excision of the sinus tract followed by either primary closure or healing by secondary intention. A ...
Lim James T - - 2011
: Numerous studies advocate the short-term benefits of sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence, but there has been a paucity of studies on longer-term outcomes. : The objective of this study was to report the long-term outcome of sacral nerve stimulation performed for fecal incontinence at a single institution. : ...
Chou Dean D University of California, San Francisco, California, - - 2011
 Comparative effectiveness review.  Spinal fusion is believed to accelerate the degeneration of the vertebral segment above or below the fusion site, a condition called adjacent segment disease (ASD). The premise of dynamic stabilization is that motion preservation allows for less loading on the discs and facet joints at the adjacent, ...
Lädermann A - - 2011
Clinically evident neurologic injury of the involved limb after total shoulder arthroplasty is not uncommon, but the subclinical prevalence is unknown. The purposes of this prospective study were to determine the subclinical prevalence of neurologic lesions after reverse shoulder arthroplasty and anatomic shoulder arthroplasty, and to evaluate the correlation of ...
Pérez-López Marta - - 2011
To evaluate if decompression surgery produces changes in retrobulbar blood flow parameters in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). Retrobulbar blood vessels of 26 eyes (14 patients) that underwent orbital bone decompression between June 2009 and May 2010 were measured prospectively using color Doppler ultrasound before and after surgery. The disease was inactive ...
Cornish Kurt Spiteri - - 2011
Choroidal neovascular membranes (CNV) are the major cause of visual loss in punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC), an idiopathic inflammatory condition predominantly affecting young, myopic women. We present a case series of 9 patients with CNV associated with PIC, treated with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents. This is a retrospective ...
Thorlund Jonas Bloch - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to identify differences in knee range of motion (ROM), movement speed, ground reaction forces (GRF) profile, neuromuscular activity, and muscle coactivation during the transition between stair descent and level walking in meniscectomized patients at high risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared with the ...
Rossi Gemma C M - - 2011
Purpose. To assess the relation between visual field progression and adherence rate in patients with glaucoma using Travatan Dosing Aid® (TDA). Methods. In this 36-month retrospective study, 35 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma on travoprost or travoprost/timolol fixed combination monotherapy were submitted to ophthalmic examination and to visual field (VF) ...
Jindal Parul - - 2011
AIMS AND CONTEXT: To evaluate the efficacy of adding clonidine to bupivacaine in bilateral infraorbital nerve block for hemodynamic changes, requirement of opioids, volatile agent, and muscle relaxants intraoperatively and relief of pain postoperatively Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Fifty pediatric patients aged less than 24 months undergoing elective cleft lip ...
Pech Oliver O Department of Internal Medicine 2, HSK Wiesbaden, Germany. - - 2011
Esophagectomy has previously been the gold standard for patients with mucosal adenocarcinoma in Barrett's esophagus (Barrett's carcinoma, BC). Because of the minimal invasiveness and excellent results obtained with endoscopic resection (ER), the latter has become an accepted alternative. However, few data have so far been published comparing the 2 treatment ...
Santos Renata de Faria Rde - - 2011
Bell's palsy (BP) is an idiopathic peripheral facial nerve paralysis of sudden onset. Its most alarming symptom is unilateral facial weakness, which can result in the inability to close the eyelids, smile, or whistle. The pathogenesis of BP is controversial and is believed to be caused by inflammation of the ...
Biancari Fausto - - 2011
The role of open repair in the management of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) in patients>80 years old is questioned by the perceived high operative risk of these patients. This issue has been investigated in the present meta-analysis of observational studies. Studies on open repair of RAAA in patients>80 years ...
Singla Sanju - - 2011
Trigeminal neuralgia typically involves nerves supplying teeth, jaws and face of older females. Though the etiology is usually obscure, different treatment modalities have been tried for it viz. medicinal treatment, injection alcohol, peripheral neurectomy, rhizotomy, and microvascular decompression etc. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) is an emerging and promising option ...
Dienstag Jules L JL Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, and the Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2011
The incidence of liver disease progression among subjects with histologically advanced but compensated chronic hepatitis C is incomplete. The Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-term Treatment against Cirrhosis Trial was a randomized study of 3.5 years of maintenance peginterferon treatment on liver disease progression among patients who had not cleared virus on ...
Norderval Stig - - 2011
Background. Sacral nerve stimulation implies electrical stimulation of a sacral nerve root by an electrode and a pacemaker. Within the past few years, sacral nerve stimulation has become a possible treatment option for selected patients with urinary retention, urinary incontinence, anal incontinence and constipation. The method is furthermore being tested ...
Sedain Gopal - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Nerve transfers following traumatic brachial plexus injuries are seldom operated on after six months of injury because myoneural degeneration may set in before nerve regeneration can occur. An exception may lie in transferring healthy donor nerve fascicles directly onto an injured recipient nerve close to the motor point. This ...
Mantsopoulos Konstantinos - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate long-term recovery after Bell's palsy and evaluate specific parameters for predicting the long-term outcome of facial weakness. STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective clinical study combined with long-term follow-up. SETTING:: Tertiary care university hospital (Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Thessaloniki, Greece). PATIENTS:: Forty-four patients who were ...
Nunley Ryan M - - 2011
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a concern for patients undergoing hip surgery, especially surface replacement arthroplasty (SRA) who tend to be younger, more active, and anticipate good motion. It is unclear, however, whether HO occurs more frequently after SRA than traditional total hip arthroplasty (THA) and whether aspirin influences the risk. ...
Giagulli V A - - 2011
Given the lack of clarity regarding the value of varicocele correction in improving male fertility, we examined whether divergent results in this regard could be attributed to selection of patients, especially with regard to the duration of their infertility or to the length of patients' androgen receptor CAG repeats. In ...
Gupta Pravin J - - 2011
: Sucralfate is a cytoprotective agent which adheres to mucoproteins and forms a protective barrier at wound sites. In oral form it is a common ulcer medication, and as a topical preparation it has been used to treat a wide variety of wounds. : The present study was designed to ...
Graziani Carlo - - 2011
Purpose: To describe the effect of subperiosteal midface lift on lower eyelid position of patients with chronic facial nerve palsy. Methods: In an observational prospective study nine patients underwent subperiosteal midface lift. Indications for surgery were lower eyelid paralytic retraction, lagophthalmos, ocular surface disruption, reactive tearing, midface ptosis, and facial ...
Chin Christopher J - - 2011
Hematoma is a potentially life-threatening complication of thyroid surgery. Ketorolac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with known antiplatelet activity that is used for analgesia. The goal of this study was to determine the risk of hematoma in patients who received ketorolac in thyroid surgery. Retrospective cohort study. London Health Sciences ...
Lindgren Rickard - - 2011
: Anorectal function is often impaired after low anterior resection of the rectum. Many factors affect the functional outcome and not all are known. : This trial aimed to assess whether a temporary defunctioning stoma affected anorectal function after the patients had been stoma-free for a year. : Multicenter randomized ...
Staehr Anne K - - 2011
Obese patients are at a high risk of postoperative complication, including surgical site infection (SSI). Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a high inspiratory oxygen fraction (80%) on SSI and pulmonary complications in obese patients undergoing laparotomy. This study was a planned analysis of the obese patients (body ...
Gutierrez Antonio - - 2011
Currently available data suggest that patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting who do not continue oral anticoagulation are at increased risk for mortality and morbidity. In this patient population, therapy directed at reducing both thromboembolism (via oral anticoagulation) and stent thrombosis (via dual antiplatelet ...
Majholm Birgitte - - 2011
Postoperative nausea and vomiting causes discomfort in many patients despite both antiemetic prophylactics and improved anaesthetic techniques. Stimulation of acupoint P6 is described as an alternative method for prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting.In a randomised, double-blinded study, we aimed to investigate the effect of P6 acupoint stimulation on the ...
Giamundo Paolo - - 2011
Hemorrhoid laser procedure is a new laser procedure for outpatient treatment of hemorrhoids in which hemorrhoidal arterial flow feeding the hemorrhoidal plexus is stopped by means of Doppler-guided laser coagulation. Our aim was to compare the hemorrhoid laser procedure with rubber band ligation for outpatient treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids with ...
Schnack Didde T - - 2011
We investigated patients' self-reported experience following awake flexible fibreoptic tracheal intubation and compared this to the experience of matched patients who had undergone conventional tracheal intubation under general anaesthesia for the same type of surgical procedure. Patients suspected of having, or known to have, a difficult airway underwent flexible fibreoptic ...
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