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Kenway Bruno - - 2011
This study was undertaken to assess dysgeusia in patients who have undergone middle ear surgery for chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) when the surgeon's practice was to cleanly divide the chorda tympani without prior manipulation, if it in any way hindered operative access or the aims of surgery. We wanted ...
Algvere Peep V - - 2011
To evaluate the long-term visual results in central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) following repeated intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (IVB). Thirteen patients (aged 34 to 79 years) with a duration of CRVO of 2 weeks to 6 months (mean 2.5 months) had a best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) 0.05 to 0.4 (mean ...
Asakura Yusuke - - 2011
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) and the subsequent development of pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major cause of post-operative mortality in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We evaluated whether the addition of an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block with general anesthesia affected the incidence in the development of VTE following TKA. This was a ...
Fleck Erin E - - 2011
Treating septic arthritis of the hip with coexisting advanced degenerative disease is challenging. The use of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has led to postoperative infection rates as high as 22%. Insertion of antibiotic spacers with subsequent reimplantation of a THA controls infection and improves pain and function in patients ...
Lee Ae Ryoung - - 2011
PURPOSE: Local anesthetic adjuvants have been studied previously in an attempt to prolong the duration of analgesia after peripheral nerve blockade. Magnesium has been shown to have an antinociceptive effect in animal and human pain models. We evaluated the effects of adding magnesium sulphate to long-acting local anesthetics for interscalene ...
Germain Geneviève - - 2011
Background:The optimal site for local anesthetic injection during ultrasound-guided sciatic popliteal block remains controversial.Methods:Patients were randomized to receive 25 mL ropivacaine 0.75% around the sciatic nerve cephalad to the peroneal-tibial division in group A (n = 51) or caudad to the division in group B (n = 51). The sensory ...
Tran De Q H - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded trial compared a subepineural sciatic injection at the neural bifurcation (SUB group) and separate postbifurcation injections around the tibial and peroneal nerves. METHODS:: Ultrasound-guided posterior popliteal sciatic nerve block was carried out in 50 patients. In the group that had separate postbifurcation injections around the ...
Sertoz Nezih - - 2011
Background:In this study, we hypothesized that leg positioning and distal tourniquet application, when compared with neutral positioning of the leg, alters the efficacy of sciatic nerve block performed by the double-stimulation technique.Methods:Ninety randomized, consecutive, ASA physical status I to III patients undergoing foot and ankle surgery with a popliteal fossa ...
Padhye Mukul - - 2011
Routine use of posterior superior alveolar (PSA) nerve block or maxillary infiltration for the removal of maxillary molars has been validated. The present study was undertaken to determine the relative contribution of posterior superior alveolar (PSA) block in cases of anesthesia required for maxillary molars. One hundred patients requiring removal ...
Karthik K - - 2011
The role of in situ decompression in patients with severe ulnar nerve compression is still controversial. Thirty patients with severe ulnar nerve compression confirmed clinically and electrophysiologically underwent simple decompression. The mean age of the patients was 58 (range 26-87) years. Through incisions ≤4 cm the nerves were fully visualized ...
Ozmen Omer Afsin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the factors that were effectual on the recovery of the facial nerve functions after repair with grafting. STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective case review. SETTING:: Private neuro-otologic and cranial base quaternary referral center. PATIENTS:: One hundred ninety-four patients underwent facial nerve grafting during lateral cranial base surgery between July ...
Romero-Aroca Pedro - - 2011
To determine the prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) in our health area, in 4 counties of Tarragona, and its involvement in the health status of the population. This was a cross-sectional study of a sample of 2,342 inhabitants aged = 60 years, randomly selected from the population census. Subjects were ...
Berinder Katarina - - 2011
Hyperprolactinemia has been associated with impaired metabolism, including insulin resistance. However, the metabolic effects of elevated prolactin (PRL) levels are not completely clarified. The aim of this study was to obtain more insights of metabolic consequences in hyperprolactinemia patients. Fourteen consecutive patients, eight women and six men, aged 39.7 (±13.7) ...
Santos Guilherme de Castro Gde - - 2011
This study was designed to evaluate analgesia (pain intensity and analgesic consumption) and the time of discharge of patients who underwent ilioinguinal (II) and iliohypogastric (IH) nerve block associated with wound infiltration with 0.75% ropivacaine, or not, after inguinal hernia repair surgery under spinal anesthesia. This was a prospective, randomized, ...
Rodríguez-Fernández Angel L - - 2011
Rodríguez-Fernández AL, Garrido-Santofimia V, Güeita-Rodríguez J, Fernández-de-las-Peñas C. Effects of burst-type transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on cervical range of motion and latent myofascial trigger point pain sensitivity. To assess the effects of a burst application of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on cervical range of motion and pressure point sensitivity ...
Hamada Kazutoshi - - 2011
In 1990, Hamada et al. radiographically classified massive rotator cuff tears into five grades. Walch et al. subsequently subdivided Grade 4 to reflect the presence/absence of subacromial arthritis and emphasize glenohumeral arthritis as a characteristic of Grade 4. We therefore determined (1) whether patient characteristics and MRI findings differed between ...
Valenti Philippe - - 2011
Cuff tear arthropathy is the primary indication for total reverse shoulder arthroplasty. In patients with pseudoparalytic shoulders secondary to irreparable rotator cuff tear, reverse shoulder arthroplasty allows restoration of active anterior elevation and painless shoulder. High rates of glenoid notching have also been reported. We designed a new reverse shoulder ...
Favard Luc - - 2011
The use of reverse shoulder arthroplasty has considerably increased since first introduced in 1985. Despite demonstrating early improvement of function and pain, there is limited information regarding the durability and longer-term outcomes of this prosthesis. We determined complication rates, functional scores over time, survivorship, and whether radiographs would develop signs ...
De Wilde Lieven - - 2011
Normal function of the upper limb is seldom restored after limb-sparing surgery for tumors of the proximal humerus. The literature suggests superior shoulder function is achieved in the short term with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty compared to other techniques when performed for conditions with rotator cuff deficiency. It is unclear ...
Austin Luke - - 2011
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) improves function in selected patients with complex shoulder problems. However, we presume patient function would vary if performed primarily or for revision and would vary with other patient-specific factors. We compared (1) the shoulder scores and (2) complications in patients with RSA for revision arthroplasty with ...
Nolan Betsy M - - 2011
Early failure due to glenoid loosening with anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with severe rotator cuff deficiency led to the development of the reverse ball-and-socket shoulder prosthesis. The literature reports improved short-term pain and function scores following modern reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) in patients with cuff tear arthropathy ...
Babey Muriel - - 2011
Despite the fact that consensus guidelines recommend long-term dopamine agonist (DA) therapy as a first-line approach to the treatment of small prolactinoma, some patients continue to prefer a primary surgical approach. Concerns over potential adverse effects of long-term medical therapy and/or the desire to become pregnant and avoid long-term medication ...
Yadav Ravi - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Subclinical neuropathy is an important feature of spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) but the true prevalence and electrophysiological characteristics in genetically proven patients of SCA 1, 2 and 3 are largely unknown. METHODS: We prospectively compared the electrophysiological characteristics of neuropathy in 61 genetically confirmed cases of SCA (SCA1=28, SCA2=16 and ...
Socolovsky Mariano - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Using grafts directed to distal targets in brachial plexus reconstruction has the advantage over proximal targets of avoiding axonal dispersion. A long graft (more than 10 cm) is needed to reach most distal targets. The objective of this article is to identify factors associated with good versus poor outcomes in ...
Dyson S - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: Neurectomy of the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve and plantar fasciotomy have become accepted as methods of treatment of proximal suspensory desmopathy (PSD), but there are limited long-term studies documenting the outcome. Objectives: To describe long-term follow-up in horses with PSD alone or with ...
Ponikowski Piotr - - 2012
Periodic breathing with central sleep apnoea (CSA) is common in heart failure patients and is associated with poor quality of life and increased risk of morbidity and mortality. We conducted a prospective, non-randomized, acute study to determine the feasibility of using unilateral transvenous phrenic nerve stimulation for the treatment of ...
Wegener Jessica T - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:: Continuous femoral nerve block in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) improves and shortens postoperative rehabilitation. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of sciatic nerve block to continuous femoral nerve block will shorten the time-to-discharge readiness. METHODS:: Ninety patients undergoing TKA ...
Cappelleri Gianluca - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to evaluate whether continuous sciatic nerve block can improve postoperative pain relief and early rehabilitation compared with single-injection sciatic nerve block in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and lumbar plexus block. METHODS:: After ethical committee approval and written informed ...
Surcel C - - 2011
Treatment of stress urinary incontinence consists of a wide range of options, from conservative therapies like lifestyle changes, medication, pelvic floor muscles exercises, electro-stimulation, to minimally invasive procedures--injection of collagen, suburethral slings TVT/TOT and last but not least, invasive surgical treatment reserved for recurrent and complex cases. Among the latest ...
Nam Yong-Seok - - 2011
HYPOTHESIS: The combination of suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) and axillary nerve block (ANB) has been reported to provide safe and effective analgesia for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. This study was designed to identify anatomic landmarks of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) and axillary nerve (AN) and to evaluate the effects of SSNB ...
Otani M - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of common peroneal nerve injury in FM drilling as compared to transtibial drilling in anatomical double-bundle ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Ten cadaveric knees without ligament injury or significant arthritis were used for this study. Knees were secured at 90° and ...
Zhang Xu - - 2011
PURPOSE: We report on a modified kite flap for the reconstruction of thumb pulp defects. We performed nerve repair to improve thumb pulp sensation. METHODS: From May 2005 to December 2008, 42 thumbs in 42 patients were treated. The average size of the thumb pulp defects was 2.1 × 2.6 ...
Hafezi Farhad - - 2011
Background: Epidural anesthesia (EA) is known to reduce postoperative thromboembolic complications, but the mechanisms are poorly understood. Review of the literature revealed no reports about the ability of epidural anesthesia (EA) to reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in abdominal contouring surgery and/or liposuction. Most medical publications in this ...
Lim James T - - 2011
: Numerous studies advocate the short-term benefits of sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence, but there has been a paucity of studies on longer-term outcomes. : The objective of this study was to report the long-term outcome of sacral nerve stimulation performed for fecal incontinence at a single institution. : ...
Moran D C - - 2011
Chronic pilonidal disease is a debilitating condition that typically affects young adults. There is a wide variety of available therapeutic strategies reflecting the inconsistent outcomes attributed to the various operative approaches. The majority involve excision of the sinus tract followed by either primary closure or healing by secondary intention. A ...
Chou Dean - - 2011
Study design:  Comparative effectiveness review. Study rationale:  Spinal fusion is believed to accelerate the degeneration of the vertebral segment above or below the fusion site, a condition called adjacent segment disease (ASD). The premise of dynamic stabilization is that motion preservation allows for less loading on the discs and facet ...
Wang Haili - - 2011
Splenic and portal vein thrombosis (SPVT) is a potentially life-threatening complication of splenectomy. There is a paucity of studies examining the role of prophylactic pre- and postoperative anticoagulation in the prevention of this complication. We designed a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) to more rigorously address the impact of prophylactic ...
Silva Francisco - - 2011
An association between therapeutic inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and solid malignancies was observed during the Wegener's Granulomatosis Etanercept Trial (WGET), which included 180 patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPA). The present study was conducted to determine the malignancy risk beyond the time of exposure to study therapy. ...
Lädermann A - - 2011
Clinically evident neurologic injury of the involved limb after total shoulder arthroplasty is not uncommon, but the subclinical prevalence is unknown. The purposes of this prospective study were to determine the subclinical prevalence of neurologic lesions after reverse shoulder arthroplasty and anatomic shoulder arthroplasty, and to evaluate the correlation of ...
Thorlund Jonas Bloch - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to identify differences in knee range of motion (ROM), movement speed, ground reaction forces (GRF) profile, neuromuscular activity, and muscle coactivation during the transition between stair descent and level walking in meniscectomized patients at high risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared with the ...
Rossi Gemma C M - - 2011
Purpose. To assess the relation between visual field progression and adherence rate in patients with glaucoma using Travatan Dosing Aid® (TDA). Methods. In this 36-month retrospective study, 35 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma on travoprost or travoprost/timolol fixed combination monotherapy were submitted to ophthalmic examination and to visual field (VF) ...
Singla Sanju - - 2011
Trigeminal neuralgia typically involves nerves supplying teeth, jaws and face of older females. Though the etiology is usually obscure, different treatment modalities have been tried for it viz. medicinal treatment, injection alcohol, peripheral neurectomy, rhizotomy, and microvascular decompression etc. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) is an emerging and promising option ...
Pérez-López Marta - - 2011
To evaluate if decompression surgery produces changes in retrobulbar blood flow parameters in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). Retrobulbar blood vessels of 26 eyes (14 patients) that underwent orbital bone decompression between June 2009 and May 2010 were measured prospectively using color Doppler ultrasound before and after surgery. The disease was inactive ...
Biancari Fausto - - 2011
The role of open repair in the management of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) in patients>80 years old is questioned by the perceived high operative risk of these patients. This issue has been investigated in the present meta-analysis of observational studies. Studies on open repair of RAAA in patients>80 years ...
Santos Renata de Faria Rde - - 2011
Bell's palsy (BP) is an idiopathic peripheral facial nerve paralysis of sudden onset. Its most alarming symptom is unilateral facial weakness, which can result in the inability to close the eyelids, smile, or whistle. The pathogenesis of BP is controversial and is believed to be caused by inflammation of the ...
Cornish Kurt Spiteri - - 2011
Choroidal neovascular membranes (CNV) are the major cause of visual loss in punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC), an idiopathic inflammatory condition predominantly affecting young, myopic women. We present a case series of 9 patients with CNV associated with PIC, treated with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents. This is a retrospective ...
Jindal Parul - - 2011
AIMS AND CONTEXT: To evaluate the efficacy of adding clonidine to bupivacaine in bilateral infraorbital nerve block for hemodynamic changes, requirement of opioids, volatile agent, and muscle relaxants intraoperatively and relief of pain postoperatively Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Fifty pediatric patients aged less than 24 months undergoing elective cleft lip ...
Pech Oliver O Department of Internal Medicine 2, HSK Wiesbaden, Germany. - - 2011
Esophagectomy has previously been the gold standard for patients with mucosal adenocarcinoma in Barrett's esophagus (Barrett's carcinoma, BC). Because of the minimal invasiveness and excellent results obtained with endoscopic resection (ER), the latter has become an accepted alternative. However, few data have so far been published comparing the 2 treatment ...
Dienstag Jules L JL Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, and the Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2011
The incidence of liver disease progression among subjects with histologically advanced but compensated chronic hepatitis C is incomplete. The Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-term Treatment against Cirrhosis Trial was a randomized study of 3.5 years of maintenance peginterferon treatment on liver disease progression among patients who had not cleared virus on ...
Norderval Stig - - 2011
Background. Sacral nerve stimulation implies electrical stimulation of a sacral nerve root by an electrode and a pacemaker. Within the past few years, sacral nerve stimulation has become a possible treatment option for selected patients with urinary retention, urinary incontinence, anal incontinence and constipation. The method is furthermore being tested ...
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