Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 4266
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Namavari Abed A Corneal Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60612, - - 2012
To determine whether immunomodulation with cyclosporine (CsA) affects reinnervation after surgical transection of stromal nerves. Thy1-YFP+ neurofluorescent mice underwent lamellar corneal surgery and 3 days later, received artificial tears or CsA eye drops for 6 weeks. Serial in vivo wide-field stereofluorescent microscopy was performed to determine changes in nerve fiber ...
Williams Eric H EH Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
Although distal tibial nerve compression is well recognized, proximal tibial nerve compression remains a rarely recognized clinical condition. This report defines the presentation, diagnosis, surgical decompression technique, and clinical outcome of neurolysis of the tibial nerve at this soleal sling compression site. Forty-nine patients with 69 proximal tibial nerves (20 ...
Waizy Hazibullah - - 2012
Bunionette, or tailor's bunion, is a painful protrusion on the plantar and/or lateral aspect of the fifth metatarsal head. Until recently, there have been very good results reported in literature when minimally invasive therapy is used to treat this deformity. In this study, the authors critically review the outcome of ...
Govaert Bastiaan - - 2012
: Sacral nerve modulation has been reported as a minimally invasive and effective treatment for constipation refractory to conservative treatment. : This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and sustainability of sacral nerve modulation for constipation in the medium term (up to 6 years) and to investigate potential predictors of ...
Zhang Xue-Zhong - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of voriconazole in treating Chinese patients with hematological malignancies and invasive aspergillosis. Methods: From March 2007 to April 2012, patients with diagnoses confirmed by CT, GM test and/or PCR assays, were recruited into this study. Aspergillosis of all patients were treated with voriconazole ...
Broch Ole - - 2012
Uncalibrated semi-invasive continous monitoring of cardiac index (CI) has recently gained increasing interest. The aim of the present study was to compare the accuracy of CI determination based on arterial waveform analysis with transpulmonary thermodilution. Fifty patients scheduled for elective coronary surgery were studied after induction of anaesthesia and before ...
Le Tien V - - 2012
The minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion (MIS LIF) in the lumbar spine can correct coronal Cobb angles, but the effect on sagittal plane correction is unclear. A retrospective review of thirty-five patients with lumbar degenerative disease who underwent MIS LIF without supplemental posterior instrumentation was undertaken to study the radiographic ...
Shi Lewis L LL Department of Orthopaedics, University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Avenue, MC 3079, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2012
The incidence of acromioplasty has increased dramatically in recent decades, but its role in rotator cuff surgery has been debated. Neer popularized the extrinsic theory of rotator cuff pathology, where mechanical compression of the coracoacromial arch leads to tearing of the rotator cuff. Under this theory, acromioplasty is advocated to ...
Dickersin Kay K Center for Clinical Trials and US Cochrane Center, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School ofPublic Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Mail Rm W5010, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. - - 2012
Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is characterized by sudden and painless loss of vision in the eye, accompanied by pallid swelling of the optic disc. Its etiology is unknown and no medical therapy has been proven effective in treating this condition. Optic nerve decompression surgery, a proposed treatment for NAION, ...
Schroeder Kristopher K Department of Anesthesiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA. - - 2012
Obese patients can pose a unique perioperative anesthetic challenge, making regional anesthetic techniques an intriguing means of providing analgesia for this population. Ultrasound guidance has been touted recently as being beneficial for this population in which surface landmarks can become obscured. In this study, the effect of increased Body Mass ...
Blondel Benjamin - - 2011
Prospective study. The aim of this prospective study is to analyze the influence of Modic type on the clinical results of lumbar total disc arthroplasty. Some patients with lumbar disc degeneration have endplate signal changes on magnetic resonance images, which have been classified by Modic. Modic-1 endplates changes are associated ...
Olson Patrick R - - 2011
Randomized trial with concurrent observational cohort. A total of 1171 patients were divided into subgroups by educational attainment: high school or less, some college, and college degree or above. To assess the influence of education level on outcomes for treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Educational attainment has been demonstrated to ...
Chuang David Chwei-Chin - - 2011
PURPOSE: Contralateral C7 (CC7) transfer for brachial plexus injuries (BPI) can benefit finger sensation but remains controversial regarding restoration of motor function. We report our 20-year experience using CC7 transfer for BPI, all of which had at least 4 years' follow-up. METHODS: A total of 137 adult BPI patients underwent ...
Oizumi Naomi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The existence of sensory branches of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) has recently been reported, and sensory disturbance at the lateral and posterior aspect of the shoulder has been focused on as a symptom of SSN palsy. We have performed arthroscopic release of SSN at the suprascapular notch in patients ...
Auerbach Joshua D - - 2011
Prospective radiographic evaluation of patients that underwent cervical total disc replacement (TDR-C) or anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for one-level cervical disc disease. To evaluate the following: (1) total cervical range of motion (ROM) from C2 to C7, and (2) the relative contribution to total cervical ROM from the ...
Gornet Matthew F - - 2011
Randomized, controlled, multicenter, investigational device exemption trial. To investigate the safety and effectiveness of the first two-piece, metal-on-metal lumbar disc prosthesis for treating patients with single-level degenerative disc disease. For patients with degenerative disc disease unresponsive to conservative measures, lumbar disc arthroplasty provides an alternative to fusion designed to relieve ...
Gandhi Kishor - - 2011
To test the hypothesis that, if the femoral nerve is correctly localized using ultrasound (US) guidance, the type of perineural catheter used has no effect on catheter success. Randomized controlled trial. Post-anesthesia care unit of an academic teaching hospital. 40 ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients, ages 55-85 ...
Seet Raymond C S - - 2011
The indications for bevacizumab (a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor) have been expanded recently. Despite concerns for cerebrovascular events from bevacizumab treatment, detailed clinical and radiologic information are lacking. Using the Mayo Clinic Rochester database (January 2006-September 2010), we identified bevacizumab-treated patients who developed intracerebral hemorrhage, ischemic stroke or transient ...
Bobowicz Maciej - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as a stand-alone bariatric operation according to the Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS). Out of 112 patients included and operated on initially, 84 patients (F/M, 63:21) were followed up for 14-56 months (mean 22 ± 6.75). Patients ...
Ginanneschi Federica - - 2011
Growing evidence of neuroprotective and analgesic effects by progesterone (PROG) has been obtained in experimental animal models of neuropathy. In this paper, we report the results of the first experimental study to test the efficacy of PROG in a human neuropathy. The effects of a local administration of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate ...
Wenhao Zhang - - 2012
To analyze the value of facial nerve antidromic evoked potentials (FNAEPs) in predicting recovery from Bell palsy. Study Design. Retrospective study using electrodiagnostic data and medical chart review. Methods. A series of 46 patients with unilateral Bell palsy treated were included. According to taste test, 26 cases were associated with ...
Ko Young Hwii - - 2011
PURPOSE: In this study we identified preoperative or intraoperative factors responsible for the early return of continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy using data from a high volume center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 1,299 patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy performed by a single surgeon from January 2008 to June ...
Liu Y - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate outcomes of patients who suffered complete brachial plexus avulsion before and after nerve transfers by assessing upper extremity function and pain using the DASH and NRS questionnaires. Patients who underwent nerve transfers improved their DASH and NRS scores compared with before surgery. ...
Kang Matthew M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze qualitatively C2 nerve dysfunction after its transection in C1-2 posterolateral instrumented fusions. METHODS: From 2002-2010, 20 consecutive patients underwent posterolateral instrumented fusions using C1 lateral mass and C2 pars or pedicle screws, mainly for type 2 dens fractures. Screws were placed under lateral fluoroscopic guidance using standard ...
Moussavi Alia Ayatollahi - - 2011
Tendon transfer for radial nerve paralysis has a 100 years history and any set of tendons that can be considered to be useful has been utilized for the purpose. The pronator tress is used for restoration of wrist dorsiflexion, while the flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpiulnaris, and flexor digitorum superficialis ...
van Kuijk Jan-Peter - - 2011
Both preoperative left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) in the postoperative period are independently associated with mortality. We evaluated the prevalence and prognostic implications of AKI in a cohort of vascular surgery patients. Before vascular surgery, 1,158 patients were screened for LVD. Development of AKI, defined by ...
Tomino Yasuhiko - - 2011
The long-term antiproteinuric effects of benidipine, a calcium channel blocker (CCB), have not been evaluated in detail in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Benidipine (4 mg/day) was administered to previously untreated hypertensive patients with CKD, or hypertensive patients with CKD not achieving target blood pressure (BP) despite taking ...
Marin Patrick - - 2011
To evaluate the facial nerve outcome postoperatively of schwannoma vestibular surgery with a stimulation threshold (ST) lower than 0.05 mA. Retrospective chart review. A total of 106 patients had undergone schwannoma vestibular surgery between 2002 and 2008 in a tertiary center. The ST near the brainstem was obtained after the ...
Kenway Bruno - - 2011
This study was undertaken to assess dysgeusia in patients who have undergone middle ear surgery for chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) when the surgeon's practice was to cleanly divide the chorda tympani without prior manipulation, if it in any way hindered operative access or the aims of surgery. We wanted ...
Algvere Peep V - - 2011
To evaluate the long-term visual results in central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) following repeated intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (IVB). Thirteen patients (aged 34 to 79 years) with a duration of CRVO of 2 weeks to 6 months (mean 2.5 months) had a best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) 0.05 to 0.4 (mean ...
Asakura Yusuke - - 2011
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) and the subsequent development of pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major cause of post-operative mortality in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We evaluated whether the addition of an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block with general anesthesia affected the incidence in the development of VTE following TKA. This was a ...
Fleck Erin E - - 2011
Treating septic arthritis of the hip with coexisting advanced degenerative disease is challenging. The use of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has led to postoperative infection rates as high as 22%. Insertion of antibiotic spacers with subsequent reimplantation of a THA controls infection and improves pain and function in patients ...
Lee Ae Ryoung - - 2011
PURPOSE: Local anesthetic adjuvants have been studied previously in an attempt to prolong the duration of analgesia after peripheral nerve blockade. Magnesium has been shown to have an antinociceptive effect in animal and human pain models. We evaluated the effects of adding magnesium sulphate to long-acting local anesthetics for interscalene ...
Germain Geneviève - - 2011
Background:The optimal site for local anesthetic injection during ultrasound-guided sciatic popliteal block remains controversial.Methods:Patients were randomized to receive 25 mL ropivacaine 0.75% around the sciatic nerve cephalad to the peroneal-tibial division in group A (n = 51) or caudad to the division in group B (n = 51). The sensory ...
Tran De Q H - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded trial compared a subepineural sciatic injection at the neural bifurcation (SUB group) and separate postbifurcation injections around the tibial and peroneal nerves. METHODS:: Ultrasound-guided posterior popliteal sciatic nerve block was carried out in 50 patients. In the group that had separate postbifurcation injections around the ...
Sertoz Nezih - - 2011
Background:In this study, we hypothesized that leg positioning and distal tourniquet application, when compared with neutral positioning of the leg, alters the efficacy of sciatic nerve block performed by the double-stimulation technique.Methods:Ninety randomized, consecutive, ASA physical status I to III patients undergoing foot and ankle surgery with a popliteal fossa ...
Padhye Mukul - - 2011
Routine use of posterior superior alveolar (PSA) nerve block or maxillary infiltration for the removal of maxillary molars has been validated. The present study was undertaken to determine the relative contribution of posterior superior alveolar (PSA) block in cases of anesthesia required for maxillary molars. One hundred patients requiring removal ...
Karthik K - - 2011
The role of in situ decompression in patients with severe ulnar nerve compression is still controversial. Thirty patients with severe ulnar nerve compression confirmed clinically and electrophysiologically underwent simple decompression. The mean age of the patients was 58 (range 26-87) years. Through incisions ≤4 cm the nerves were fully visualized ...
Ozmen Omer Afsin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the factors that were effectual on the recovery of the facial nerve functions after repair with grafting. STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective case review. SETTING:: Private neuro-otologic and cranial base quaternary referral center. PATIENTS:: One hundred ninety-four patients underwent facial nerve grafting during lateral cranial base surgery between July ...
Romero-Aroca Pedro - - 2011
To determine the prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) in our health area, in 4 counties of Tarragona, and its involvement in the health status of the population. This was a cross-sectional study of a sample of 2,342 inhabitants aged = 60 years, randomly selected from the population census. Subjects were ...
Berinder Katarina - - 2011
Hyperprolactinemia has been associated with impaired metabolism, including insulin resistance. However, the metabolic effects of elevated prolactin (PRL) levels are not completely clarified. The aim of this study was to obtain more insights of metabolic consequences in hyperprolactinemia patients. Fourteen consecutive patients, eight women and six men, aged 39.7 (±13.7) ...
Santos Guilherme de Castro Gde - - 2011
This study was designed to evaluate analgesia (pain intensity and analgesic consumption) and the time of discharge of patients who underwent ilioinguinal (II) and iliohypogastric (IH) nerve block associated with wound infiltration with 0.75% ropivacaine, or not, after inguinal hernia repair surgery under spinal anesthesia. This was a prospective, randomized, ...
Rodríguez-Fernández Angel L - - 2011
Rodríguez-Fernández AL, Garrido-Santofimia V, Güeita-Rodríguez J, Fernández-de-las-Peñas C. Effects of burst-type transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on cervical range of motion and latent myofascial trigger point pain sensitivity. To assess the effects of a burst application of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on cervical range of motion and pressure point sensitivity ...
Hamada Kazutoshi - - 2011
In 1990, Hamada et al. radiographically classified massive rotator cuff tears into five grades. Walch et al. subsequently subdivided Grade 4 to reflect the presence/absence of subacromial arthritis and emphasize glenohumeral arthritis as a characteristic of Grade 4. We therefore determined (1) whether patient characteristics and MRI findings differed between ...
Valenti Philippe - - 2011
Cuff tear arthropathy is the primary indication for total reverse shoulder arthroplasty. In patients with pseudoparalytic shoulders secondary to irreparable rotator cuff tear, reverse shoulder arthroplasty allows restoration of active anterior elevation and painless shoulder. High rates of glenoid notching have also been reported. We designed a new reverse shoulder ...
Favard Luc - - 2011
The use of reverse shoulder arthroplasty has considerably increased since first introduced in 1985. Despite demonstrating early improvement of function and pain, there is limited information regarding the durability and longer-term outcomes of this prosthesis. We determined complication rates, functional scores over time, survivorship, and whether radiographs would develop signs ...
De Wilde Lieven - - 2011
Normal function of the upper limb is seldom restored after limb-sparing surgery for tumors of the proximal humerus. The literature suggests superior shoulder function is achieved in the short term with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty compared to other techniques when performed for conditions with rotator cuff deficiency. It is unclear ...
Austin Luke - - 2011
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) improves function in selected patients with complex shoulder problems. However, we presume patient function would vary if performed primarily or for revision and would vary with other patient-specific factors. We compared (1) the shoulder scores and (2) complications in patients with RSA for revision arthroplasty with ...
Nolan Betsy M - - 2011
Early failure due to glenoid loosening with anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with severe rotator cuff deficiency led to the development of the reverse ball-and-socket shoulder prosthesis. The literature reports improved short-term pain and function scores following modern reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) in patients with cuff tear arthropathy ...
Babey Muriel - - 2011
Despite the fact that consensus guidelines recommend long-term dopamine agonist (DA) therapy as a first-line approach to the treatment of small prolactinoma, some patients continue to prefer a primary surgical approach. Concerns over potential adverse effects of long-term medical therapy and/or the desire to become pregnant and avoid long-term medication ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >