Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 4275
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Tran H V - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Eotaxin-1 (CCL11) is a potent eosinophil chemotactic and activating peptide that may be implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic allergic eye disease and has been associated with the wearing of contact lenses (CL) in patients with contact lens papillary conjunctivitis (CLPC). The purpose of this study was to study ...
Beaulé Paul E - - 2011
The current study measured ion release among large-head metal-on-metal hip bearings. Twenty-six patients with a modular, Profemur® TL with A-Class® big femoral head total hip replacement were matched (gender, femoral size, BMI) with a group of 26 patients with the Conserve® Plus implant hip resurfacing. Compared with HR patients, THR ...
Speggiorin Simone - - 2011
Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the surgical outcome of slide tracheoplasty in patients with congenital tracheal stenosis and single lung. Methods: Pre, intra- and postoperative data were collected. Anatomy and associated anomalies were described. Results: Seven patients (median age 5 months; range 39 days-1 year) with ...
Sultan Sherif - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To gauge the efficacy of applying commercially-available endografts to pararenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair compared with open surgical repair (OSR). Methods: From 2001 to 2009, 1868 AAA patients were referred to our service for evaluation; of these, 118 patients had pararenal AAAs. Sixty-six patients (51 men; ...
Nisar Pasha J - - 2011
: The natural history of a pouch-related fistula in terms of timing of its development and its impact on pouch survival is poorly defined. : This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with the time of onset of ileoanal pouch-related fistulas and predictors of pouch failure after the development of ...
O'Shaughnessy Kevin W - - 2011
Severe crowding can be treated with serial extraction (SE) in the mixed dentition or with late premolar extraction (LPE) in the permanent dentition. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of orthodontic treatment in SE patients and LPE patients. Retrospective chart review identified 51 SE patients and ...
Kim Y H - - 2011
There have been comparatively few studies of the incidence of osteolysis and the survival of hybrid and cementless total hip replacements (THRs) in patients younger than 50 years of age. We prospectively reviewed 78 patients (109 hips) with a hybrid THR having a mean age of 43.4 years (21 to ...
Rocco Nicole - - 2011
: In developing our Patient-Centered Team Care (PCTC) program, we designed a Plan-of-Care (POC) tool to facilitate the physician-patient discussion for setting health goals. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the POC tool in improving clinical outcomes. : We compared baseline and 6-month or greater follow-up values for ...
Chen Yun-Su - - 2011
To evaluate gait patterns in patients with metal-on-metal resurfacing hip arthroplasty (RHA) compared with big-femoral-head total hip arthroplasty (BHA) at one year postoperatively. In this retrospective comparative observational study, 2 groups of 30 resurfacing hip arthroplasty (RHA) and big-femoral-head total hip arthroplasty (BHA) patients participated between June 2006 and March ...
Jiang Shengli - - 2011
Objective: Congenital mitral valve regurgitation (MVR) is a rare disease found in adults. We report on our 5-year surgical experience with congenital MVR in adults.Methods: We reviewed the data for 48 consecutive patients (26 men), aged >18 years (median, 42 years; range, 18-78 years) who underwent operations for severe congenital ...
Maki Dennis G - - 2011
Catheter-related bloodstream infection is the greatest threat to the safety of patients on hemodialysis. Catheter lock solutions containing heparin have been linked to an increased risk of hemorrhage and thrombocytopenia. To ascertain the safety and efficacy for prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection and catheter loss from patency failure of a ...
Dey A C - - 2011
This cross sectional study in the Infectious Disease Hospital (IDH), Mohakhali, Dhaka on rabies affected paediatric population was carried out to see the patterns of presentation, age group at risk, state of vaccination following animal exposure and the interval between animal exposure and the development of the disease. This one ...
Yapici Nihan - - 2011
Background: We evaluated the use of dexmedetomidine to facilitate the weaning of delirious postoperative patients from mechanical ventilation.Methods: We included 72 consecutive patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery in this prospective observational study. Each patient had failed at least 1 trial of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and had agitation. ...
Zheng Chao-Xu - - 2011
High anatomic location, fragility, and generous blood supply of the spleen makes laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) difficult to master, and few patients need splenectomy for benign disorders. The aim of this research was to assess operative outcomes and hematological results of a large series of patients treated with LS for chronic ...
Song J W - - 2011
We investigated whether combined dexamethasone and ondansetron is more effective than ondansetron alone in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients with fentanyl-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. One hundred and thirty patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery were assigned to either an ondansetron group or a dexamethasone and ondansetron group. In all ...
Uchino Motoi - - 2011
Portal vein thrombosis is a rare and serious complication in ulcerative colitis (UC). We report a patient with UC who developed portal vein thrombosis with persistent ascites which was successfully managed with total colectomy. A 46-year-old man was admitted complaining of bloody stool. UC had been diagnosed 11 years previously. ...
Di Bisceglie Adrian M - - 2011
Chronic hepatitis C virus infection can cause chronic liver disease, cirrhosis and liver cancer. The Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-term Treatment against Cirrhosis (HALT-C) Trial was a prospective, randomized controlled study of long-term, low-dose peginterferon therapy in patients with advanced chronic hepatitis C who failed to respond to a previous course ...
Haefliger I O IO Leonhards-PraxisKLINIK, Basel, Switzerland. - - 2011
To compare improvement of epiphora symptoms after surgery between patients who had different preoperative basal Schirmer test values. Retrospective comparative case-series study. Twenty-two consecutive patients (one eye/patient) undergoing surgery for chronic epiphora symptoms resistant to ≥ 6 months of medical treatments (who incidentally had a preoperative basal [oxybuprocain-HCL 0.4 %] ...
Al-Najar Amr - - 2011
Our objective was to establish the feasibility of combining 2 minimally invasive procedures in patients with failed primary treatment (male sling) in post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) patients. From January 2007 to July 2008, 40 men with PPI were implanted with a suburethral tape (2 patients with Seratim, 3 with I-Stop and ...
Bronstein I - - 2011
Neuraxial administration of morphine is an effective way of controlling postoperative pain and reducing analgesic consumption. Some animal models have demonstrated that preemptive administration of neuraxial narcotics reduces pain, while others have revealed the contrary. In addition, there have been no consistent results in clinical settings. This double-blind, randomized study ...
Cooper Graham - - 2011
Fifty patients undergoing vasectomy at community-based day surgery clinics in Grampian were invited to participate in follow-up by text message. Forty-six (92%) of the patients responded, 14 reporting problems, generally of a minor nature, but severe enough to result in unscheduled time off work (n = 4) and oral antibiotic ...
Kleinman Yosef - - 2011
Achilles tendon wounds are therapeutically challenging. The tendon`s functional importance, the paucity of soft tissue surrounding the ankle, and common patient comorbidities often limit surgical reconstructive procedure options. Depending on wound depth and overall patient health, secondary intention healing of these wounds can take many months. At the authors' wound ...
Ko Phebe S - - 2011
Pelvic obliquity and loss of sitting balance develop from progressive scoliosis in cerebral palsy (CP) and are indications for surgery. Our goal was to quantify pelvic asymmetry to help understand skeletal deformity in CP and its surgical correction. We assessed pelvic angles and transverse plane symmetry in 27 consecutive patients ...
Pandey Paritosh - - 2011
Object Revascularization for moyamoya disease, either by direct anastomosis or indirect procedures, is an accepted and effective form of treatment for prevention of future ischemic events. Indirect procedures do not provide sufficient collateral vessels in a subset of patients, who then have persistent or new symptoms. Repeat revascularization procedures may ...
Torii Hideshi - - 2011
The efficacy and safety of infliximab in patients with plaque psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, pustular psoriasis (excluding localized type) and psoriatic erythroderma were assessed in clinical practice. Without washout of the existing treatment of psoriasis, treatment was switched to infliximab, which was given at a dose of 5 mg/kg at weeks ...
Spinelli F - - 2011
The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare early and one-year results of open surgery (OS) for critical limb ischemia (CLI) in patients who underwent primary surgery and in patients operated after a previous failure of endovascular treatment (EV). Between January 2004 and December 2007, 460 patients (304 males, ...
Hu H-C - - 2011
The present study aimed to determine whether stent diameter influences granulation tissue formation following stent placement for major airway stenosis. Forty-two stent procedures (32 tracheal stents, 3 carinal stents, and 7 bronchial stents) were performed in 40 patients. Seventy-nine stent edge regions (62 tracheal, 17 bronchial stents) were evaluated in ...
Low Donald E - - 2011
Ceftaroline (active form of the prodrug ceftaroline fosamil) is a novel cephalosporin with activity against pathogens commonly associated with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), including Streptococcus pneumoniae and Gram-negative pathogens. This randomized, double-blind, Phase III study evaluated the efficacy and safety of ceftaroline fosamil in treating patients with CAP. The primary objective ...
Deviren Vedat - - 2011
Object Sagittal imbalance of the cervicothoracic spine often causes severe pain and loss of horizontal gaze. Historically, the Smith-Peterson osteotomy has been used to restore sagittal balance. Cervicothoracic junction pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) offers more controlled closure and greater biomechanical stability but has been infrequently reported in the literature. This ...
Schwandner Thilo - - 2011
: Obstructed defecation syndrome is a multifactorial disorder of the defecation process. Stapled transanal rectal resection has been used to restore function in patients suffering from obstructed defecation syndrome. : The aim of this study was to use preoperative and postoperative dynamic pelvic floor MRI combined with clinical parameters to ...
Omoto Tadashi - - 2011
Mitral valve repair is preferred to replacement in infective endocarditis, but in the active phase, it often requires extensive debridement of infected tissue and complex reconstruction. We investigated 22 consecutive native mitral valve operations during active-phase infective endocarditis. The time from initiation of medical treatment to operation was 16.8 ± ...
Kodali Susheel K - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the Cribier-Edwards prosthesis may provide an alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis. Previous studies have indicated that TAVI is feasible in this patient population. Transcatheter implantation of a Cribier-Edwards prosthesis was attempted in 55 patients in a United ...
Ullah Sana - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine the safety and efficacy of injectable bulking agents. A total of 13 procedures were performed on 11 patients with faecal incontinence during 2002 to 2007. Patients with internal anal sphincter defect and low incontinence score (Cleveland score < 10) revealed improvement. Patients with higher ...
Drastich Pavel - - 2011
Administration of nonselective beta-blockers in prophylaxis of first variceal bleeding is not suitable for all patients. Thus, we evaluated endoscopic variceal band ligation (EVBL) in primary prevention of bleeding in patients with cirrhosis and large esophageal varices. A total of 73 consecutive patients with liver cirrhosis and large esophageal varices ...
Towfigh Shirin - - 2011
Local wound management using a simple wound-probing protocol (WPP) reduces surgical site infection (SSI) in contaminated wounds, with less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stay, and improved patient satisfaction. Prospective randomized clinical trial. Academic medical center. Adult patients undergoing open appendectomy for perforated appendicitis were enrolled from January 1, 2007, through ...
Cardoso Mario J - - 2011
Object Multilevel cervical arthroplasty achieved using the Prestige ST disc can be challenging and often unworkable. An alternative to this system is a hybrid technique composed of alternating total disc replacements (TDRs) and fusions. In the present study, the authors review the safety and radiological outcomes of cervical hybrid arthroplasty ...
Clement N D - - 2011
This prospective study assessed the effect of social deprivation on the Oxford hip score at one year after total hip replacement. An analysis of 1312 patients undergoing 1359 primary total hip replacements for symptomatic osteoarthritis was performed over a 35-month period. Social deprivation was assessed using the Carstairs index. Those ...
Hüfner Tobias - - 2011
: The objective of this study was to determine which clinical factors influence the presence and extent of femoral malrotation during unreamed nail insertion performed without a fracture table. : Retrospective chart review. : Academic trauma center. : Patients were treated statically locked femoral nails inserted without reaming in either ...
Makki D - - 2011
PURPOSE. To evaluate the effects of perioperative information for wrist arthroscopy on postoperative pain, return to daily activities, and patient satisfaction. METHODS. 34 women and 21 men aged 19 to 54 (mean, 35) years underwent diagnostic wrist arthroscopy to explore the radiocarpal and midcarpal joints. They were randomised to receive ...
Feagins Linda A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We do not routinely discontinue clopidogrel before colonoscopy because we have judged the cardiovascular risks of that practice to exceed the risks of post-polypectomy bleeding (PPB). AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the rates of PPB for clopidogrel users and non-users. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, ...
Syed Asmir I - - 2011
Aims: This study aimed to examine the strategy of hybrid percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) -bare metal stent (BMS) and drug-eluting stent (DES)- versus exclusive DES implantation for patients undergoing multivessel PCI. Methods and results: A cohort of 2,065 patients who underwent PCI (698 hybrid, 1,367 exclusive DES) were followed clinically ...
Akinci Arsen - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of phacoemulsification with intravitreal bevacizumab and triamcinolone acetonide injection in patients with diabetic clinically significant macular edema and cataract. The records of 22 diabetic patients, with clinically significant macular edema and cataract who have undergone phacoemulsification with intravitreal injection of ...
Behrens Carola - - 2011
Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is a relatively new bariatric procedure with a number of advantages compared with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. However, SG also has a number of disadvantages and associated risks. We sought to examine perioperative complications and outcomes of laparoscopic SG (LSG) in a single major Canadian bariatric surgery centre ...
Owers Corinne E - - 2011
Background: Although an atrial myxoma is the commonest cardiac tumor, it is still relatively rare, with an annual incidence of approximately 0.5 per million. In our unit, which performs 1000 major cardiac procedures per year, this equates to approximately 3 patients annually. We therefore sought to evaluate our experience of ...
Richter-Schrag Hans Juergen HJ Department of General and Visceral Surgery, University Hospital of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. - - 2011
Most studies exclude patients with severe coagulation disorders or those taking anticoagulants when evaluating the outcomes of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). To investigate complications and risk factors of PEG in a large clinical series including patients undergoing antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy. During a six-year period, 1057 patients referred for PEG ...
Idowu Olufemi - - 2011
Object Hydrocephalus is a common condition in the pediatric population. The cause of hydrocephalus, Evans ratio, ventricular index, and cerebral mantle thickness are some of the factors associated with poor surgical outcome. This study was conducted to evaluate the profile of these factors in the authors' patient population. Methods The ...
Fu Alex Z - - 2011
Objectives: To evaluate the time to and factors associated with treatment intensification in patients with type 2 diabetes who failed metformin monotherapy. Methods: In a retrospective analysis using a large US electronic medical record database, eligible patients included those with type 2 diabetes and an HbA(1c) ≥7.0% or at least ...
Malviya A - - 2011
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic disease of childhood; it causes joint damage which may require surgical intervention, often in the young adult. The aim of this study was to describe the long-term outcome and survival of hip replacement in a group of adult patients with JIA and to ...
Bonaros Nikolaos - - 2011
Objective: To investigate whether common risk stratification models in cardiac surgery predict perioperative outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with previous percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the perioperative mortality and morbidity of 367 patients with prior elective PCI versus 2361 patients without prior PCI, ...
Abbas G - - 2011
PURPOSE. To assess periods required for resuming car driving in 130 patients who had undergone total hip replacement (THR). METHODS. 80 men and 50 women aged 39 to 80 years who had been driving automatic (n=49) or manual (n=81) cars in the previous 3 months and underwent unilateral primary THR ...
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