Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 4238
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Cardoso Mario J - - 2011
Object Multilevel cervical arthroplasty achieved using the Prestige ST disc can be challenging and often unworkable. An alternative to this system is a hybrid technique composed of alternating total disc replacements (TDRs) and fusions. In the present study, the authors review the safety and radiological outcomes of cervical hybrid arthroplasty ...
Clement N D - - 2011
This prospective study assessed the effect of social deprivation on the Oxford hip score at one year after total hip replacement. An analysis of 1312 patients undergoing 1359 primary total hip replacements for symptomatic osteoarthritis was performed over a 35-month period. Social deprivation was assessed using the Carstairs index. Those ...
Kodali Susheel K - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the Cribier-Edwards prosthesis may provide an alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis. Previous studies have indicated that TAVI is feasible in this patient population. Transcatheter implantation of a Cribier-Edwards prosthesis was attempted in 55 patients in a United ...
Hamilton D Kojo - - 2011
Object The originally described technique of atlantoaxial stabilization using C-1 lateral mass and C-2 pars screws includes a C-2 neurectomy to provide adequate hemostasis and visualization for screw placement, enable adequate joint decortication and arthrodesis, and prevent new-onset postoperative C-2 neuralgia. However, inclusion of a C-2 neurectomy for this procedure ...
Garg Scot - - 2011
Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the 5-year outcomes of patients with multivessel disease (MVD) involving the proximal left anterior descending (LAD) artery who were treated with sirolimus drug-eluting stents (SES), bare metal stents (BMS) and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Methods and results: Clinical outcomes were ...
Campos Wuilker Knoner - - 2011
Trigeminal neuralgia is the most common facial pain. It may be treated with percutaneous balloon compression (PBC), which is considered to be a safe and efficient procedure. The purpose of this study was to review our results with PBC and to assess the factors influencing the outcome. A multivariate analysis ...
Jang So-Jeong - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the length of the lingual frenulum and craniofacial morphology and test the hypothesis that skeletal Class III malocclusion is related to tongue-tie, in which the lingual frenulum is short and restricts the mobility of the tongue. The sample consisted ...
Pandey Paritosh - - 2011
Object Revascularization for moyamoya disease, either by direct anastomosis or indirect procedures, is an accepted and effective form of treatment for prevention of future ischemic events. Indirect procedures do not provide sufficient collateral vessels in a subset of patients, who then have persistent or new symptoms. Repeat revascularization procedures may ...
Torii Hideshi - - 2011
The efficacy and safety of infliximab in patients with plaque psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, pustular psoriasis (excluding localized type) and psoriatic erythroderma were assessed in clinical practice. Without washout of the existing treatment of psoriasis, treatment was switched to infliximab, which was given at a dose of 5 mg/kg at weeks ...
Bonaros Nikolaos - - 2011
Objective: To investigate whether common risk stratification models in cardiac surgery predict perioperative outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with previous percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the perioperative mortality and morbidity of 367 patients with prior elective PCI versus 2361 patients without prior PCI, ...
Abbas G - - 2011
PURPOSE. To assess periods required for resuming car driving in 130 patients who had undergone total hip replacement (THR). METHODS. 80 men and 50 women aged 39 to 80 years who had been driving automatic (n=49) or manual (n=81) cars in the previous 3 months and underwent unilateral primary THR ...
Kleinman Yosef - - 2011
Achilles tendon wounds are therapeutically challenging. The tendon`s functional importance, the paucity of soft tissue surrounding the ankle, and common patient comorbidities often limit surgical reconstructive procedure options. Depending on wound depth and overall patient health, secondary intention healing of these wounds can take many months. At the authors' wound ...
Feagins Linda A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We do not routinely discontinue clopidogrel before colonoscopy because we have judged the cardiovascular risks of that practice to exceed the risks of post-polypectomy bleeding (PPB). AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the rates of PPB for clopidogrel users and non-users. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, ...
Syed Asmir I - - 2011
Aims: This study aimed to examine the strategy of hybrid percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) -bare metal stent (BMS) and drug-eluting stent (DES)- versus exclusive DES implantation for patients undergoing multivessel PCI. Methods and results: A cohort of 2,065 patients who underwent PCI (698 hybrid, 1,367 exclusive DES) were followed clinically ...
Wong Mark T C - - 2011
: Sacral nerve stimulation fails in 30% to 50% of patients, the outcome that remains largely unreported. : We report on the management and outcome of this cohort of patients. : Ninety-one patients (88 females) with fecal incontinence, median age 63 years (range, 37-81), were candidates for sacral nerve stimulation. ...
Smith D E - - 2011
We retrospectively evaluated the durability and reasons for discontinuation of nevirapine (NVP) in combination with a tenofovir (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC) or lamivudine (3TC)-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen in an Australian outpatient setting. Between January 2003 and June 2009, 64 patients (29 naïve and 35 treatment-experienced) received NVP/TDF-based regimens. The ...
Maki Dennis G - - 2011
Catheter-related bloodstream infection is the greatest threat to the safety of patients on hemodialysis. Catheter lock solutions containing heparin have been linked to an increased risk of hemorrhage and thrombocytopenia. To ascertain the safety and efficacy for prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection and catheter loss from patency failure of a ...
Schapiro-Dufour Emmanuelle - - 2011
Background: In unselected patients, the incidence of restenosis is lower after placement of drug-eluting stents (DES) than bare-metal stents (BMS) without difference in safety at a time horizon of 4 years. However, DES appears less effective in "off label" patients.Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess available evidence ...
Lemaine Valerie - - 2011
Free flap breast reconstruction involves major risk factors for postsurgical venous thromboembolism. The main study objectives were (1) to estimate objectively the incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic lower extremity deep vein thrombosis in patients who received postoperative thromboprophylaxis after free flap breast reconstruction, (2) to evaluate the safety of low-molecular-weight ...
Wang Jian-Gang - - 2011
Recent studies have provided evidence that the renin-angiotensin system plays a key role in the onset and progression of atrial fibrillation (AF). The current study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of video-assisted minimally invasive radiofrequency ablation for long-lasting persistent AF, as well as to evaluate the efficacy ...
Abbade Luciana P F - - 2011
Background  Lower limb venous ulceration ranks among the 10 most common medical problems in Western countries and has significant socioeconomic impact. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for unhealed, recurrent, and large ulcers and to characterize patients with active or recently healed venous ulcers. Methods  ...
Aggarwal Vivek - - 2011
The inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) has a poor success rate in patients with irreversible pulpitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ketorolac and dexamethasone infiltration along with standard IANB on the success rate. Ninety-four adult volunteers who were actively experiencing pain participated in this ...
Oliveira Rui - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Single-incision slings (SIS), requiring very limited intracorporeal dissection, have been recently introduced on the premise that they might increase safety of female stress urinary incontinence treatment. However, their success rate ...
Schwartz Bryan G - - 2011
In heavily calcified lesions, rotational atherectomy (RA) improves procedural success and facilitates stent deployment. Reports on RA in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era are limited. The objective of this study was to determine the presenting characteristics, procedural and in-hospital clinical outcomes of patients who underwent RA at our institution in ...
Bagur Rodrigo - - 2011
Very few data exist on the functional evaluation of patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aims of this prospective study were (1) to evaluate the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) as a measure of functional status pre-TAVI and post-TAVI, (2) to determine the ...
Topal Aşkın Ender - - 2011
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common complication after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, with an incidence of 20%-50%. The objective of this study was to investigate perioperative risk factors of postoperative sustained AF by the way of logistic regression analysis. Data for the last 98 patients who ...
Koopmann Matthew C - - 2011
Direct inguinal hernia repair with acellular human dermis (AHD) may offer greater symptom improvement and lower risk of hernia recurrence than anatomical repair without mesh (AWM) after mesh removal (with or without neurectomy) for postherniorrhaphy inguinodynia. Retrospective cohort study with long-term follow-up. Tertiary referral center for mesh inguinodynia. Patients undergoing ...
Simonsen O H - - 2011
PURPOSE. To compare patients with increased risk of bleeding who received combined blood reinfusion and femoral nerve block in total knee replacement (TKR) to regular patients treated routinely with respect to pain relief, blood loss, and knee function. METHODS. In a consecutive series of 67 patients who underwent unilateral TKR, ...
Zipfel Burkhart - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the safety and performance of Relay stent-grafts in patients with acute or chronic aortic dissections. Methods: Patients with types A or B aortic dissections suitable for treatment with Relay stent-grafts and followed for 2 years after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) were identified from a company-sponsored registry ...
Yao Jeffrey - - 2011
PURPOSE: The FasT-Fix device (Smith and Nephew Endoscopy, Andover, MA), initially developed for knee meniscal tears, is described for all-arthroscopic triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) repairs. Potential benefits of this technique are ease of use, the lack of prominent suture knots, and strength of repair. This case series evaluates the early ...
Molony D C - - 2011
PURPOSE. To evaluate the use of the popliteal angle as an indicator for successful closed reduction of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in children with delayed presentation. METHODS. 29 patients aged 6 to 18 months underwent successful closed reduction for unilateral DDH under general anaesthesia. Using a graduated goniometer, ...
Traina Francesco - - 2011
Total hip replacement in patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease can be difficult because of the multiplanar deformities of the proximal part of the femur and previous surgery during childhood. The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term outcomes of total hip replacement in patients who had Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease ...
Ermis Necip - - 2011
Objective: Prosthetic heart valve thrombosis (PVT) is a rare but severe cardiac condition. There are only a few data regarding comparison of the fibrinolytic and surgical approaches for the treatment of PVT. In this study, we compared the results of fibrinolytic therapy versus surgery in patients who presented to our ...
Nisar Pasha J - - 2011
: The natural history of a pouch-related fistula in terms of timing of its development and its impact on pouch survival is poorly defined. : This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with the time of onset of ileoanal pouch-related fistulas and predictors of pouch failure after the development of ...
Fallahi Babak - - 2011
: Controversies remain over the actual risk of developing a second primary malignancy (SPM) as a consequence of I-131 treatment in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). The objective of this study was to evaluate the adjusted rate and risk estimate of SPM in radioiodine-treated patients after controlling for confounding ...
Belch J F - - 2011
Atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease is a major health problem in the western world, often manifested as intermittent claudication, affecting 10-20% males above 60 years. Ischemic complications can lead to rest pain, ulceration and gangrene. The treatment of choice for critical limb ischemia (CLI) is vascular reconstruction or endovascular interventions. Medical ...
File Thomas M TM - - 2011
Ceftaroline, the active form of the prodrug ceftaroline fosamil, is a novel cephalosporin with bactericidal activity against important pathogens associated with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), including Streptococcus pneumoniae and common Gram-negative pathogens. FOCUS 1 is a randomized, double-blinded, Phase III study that was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ...
Idowu Olufemi - - 2011
Object Hydrocephalus is a common condition in the pediatric population. The cause of hydrocephalus, Evans ratio, ventricular index, and cerebral mantle thickness are some of the factors associated with poor surgical outcome. This study was conducted to evaluate the profile of these factors in the authors' patient population. Methods The ...
Fu Alex Z - - 2011
Objectives: To evaluate the time to and factors associated with treatment intensification in patients with type 2 diabetes who failed metformin monotherapy. Methods: In a retrospective analysis using a large US electronic medical record database, eligible patients included those with type 2 diabetes and an HbA(1c) ≥7.0% or at least ...
Malviya A - - 2011
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic disease of childhood; it causes joint damage which may require surgical intervention, often in the young adult. The aim of this study was to describe the long-term outcome and survival of hip replacement in a group of adult patients with JIA and to ...
Tang Bing - - 2011
: Although escharectomy and full-thickness skin autografting have been widely used to treat deep facial burns, the clinical outcomes remain unacceptable. Composite razor-thin skin grafting over acellular dermal matrix scaffold has been used successfully in repairing burns of the trunk and limbs, but its use in covering deep facial burns ...
Schwandner Thilo - - 2011
: Obstructed defecation syndrome is a multifactorial disorder of the defecation process. Stapled transanal rectal resection has been used to restore function in patients suffering from obstructed defecation syndrome. : The aim of this study was to use preoperative and postoperative dynamic pelvic floor MRI combined with clinical parameters to ...
Omoto Tadashi - - 2011
Mitral valve repair is preferred to replacement in infective endocarditis, but in the active phase, it often requires extensive debridement of infected tissue and complex reconstruction. We investigated 22 consecutive native mitral valve operations during active-phase infective endocarditis. The time from initiation of medical treatment to operation was 16.8 ± ...
Spinelli F - - 2011
The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare early and one-year results of open surgery (OS) for critical limb ischemia (CLI) in patients who underwent primary surgery and in patients operated after a previous failure of endovascular treatment (EV). Between January 2004 and December 2007, 460 patients (304 males, ...
Chang David F - - 2011
To evaluate the age and ocular axial length (AL) of topical steroid responders after uneventful cataract surgery. Private practice, Los Altos, California, USA. Case-control study. This retrospective chart review comprised consecutive patients from a single-surgeon practice who had cataract surgery during a 2-year period. All patients routinely received topical prednisolone ...
Ko Phebe S - - 2011
Pelvic obliquity and loss of sitting balance develop from progressive scoliosis in cerebral palsy (CP) and are indications for surgery. Our goal was to quantify pelvic asymmetry to help understand skeletal deformity in CP and its surgical correction. We assessed pelvic angles and transverse plane symmetry in 27 consecutive patients ...
Meaume S - - 2011
To document the performance (efficacy, tolerability and acceptability) of Urgotul Flex, a new, more flexible version of the lipidocolloid dressing Urgotul, in the management of acute and chronic wounds. Efficacy was defined as the reduction in ulcer surface area after 4 weeks of treatment. This open, non-comparative, multicentre clinical trial ...
Palit Aparna - - 2011
Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection of the subcutaneous tissue caused by fungi or fungus-like bacteria. The infection eventually spreads to bone resulting in significant morbidity. Rarely, viscera may be involved through contiguous spread. It is common in tropical countries like India, though disease is worldwide in distribution. A 22-year-old ...
Chen Xiao-Ping - - 2011
Background and Aim:  The conventional method of anatomical right hemihepatectomy (ARHH) requires hilus dissection. We report a method without hilus dissection to minimize intraoperative bleeding. Methods:  We retrospectively evaluated data of 107 patients who received ARHH involving ligation of corresponding inflow and outflow vessels (LCIOV) without hilus dissection between January ...
Dey A C - - 2011
This cross sectional study in the Infectious Disease Hospital (IDH), Mohakhali, Dhaka on rabies affected paediatric population was carried out to see the patterns of presentation, age group at risk, state of vaccination following animal exposure and the interval between animal exposure and the development of the disease. This one ...
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