Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 4258
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Darvall K A L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To describe duplex ultrasound (DUS) outcomes 12 months following ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) of recurrent great saphenous varicose veins (GSVV). METHODS: A consecutive series of UK National Health Service patients underwent serial DUS examinations following UGFS with 3% sodium tetradecyl sulphate for symptomatic recurrent GSVV. RESULTS: 91 treated legs ...
Leonhardt Fernando Danelon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma after transoral robotic surgery (TORS). METHODS: Short Form (SF)-8 and Performance Status Scale (PSS) questionnaires were completed prior to surgery, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. RESULTS: In all, 38 ...
Nakaya Kazuhiro - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: The visual outcomes of endoscopic treatment of optic neuropathy are favorable. However, no specific prognostic factor was associated with good outcome. Objective: To investigate visual outcomes of patients with optic neuropathy caused by paranasal mucocele or sinusitis. Methods: The clinical course in 38 patients with rhinogenic optic neuropathy ...
Herberger Katharina - - 2011
Background: Low-frequency ultrasound has been shown to be an alternative to surgical wound debridement (WD) to stimulate wound healing; however, few data are available. Objective: To compare the efficacy, tolerability and benefit of both wound treatment methods. Methods: A monocentric prospective randomized-controlled clinical study assessing patient-reported outcomes and clinical efficacy ...
Merola Aristide - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and levodopa/carbidopa enteral (Duodopa) infusion are two effective therapeutic options for the treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Retrospectively, this study compared the two procedures, evaluating 40 PD patients who underwent either STN-DBS or a percutaneous gastrostomy (PEG) for Duodopa infusion. Duodopa ...
Filippi M M University Hospital San Raffaele, Via Olgettina, 20132 Milan, Italy. - - 2011
To compare interferon β-1b (IFNβ-1b) and glatiramer acetate (GA) on new lesion (NL) (gadolinium-enhancing, new T2) evolution into permanent black holes (PBH)--a marker of irreversible tissue damage--in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). BEYOND was a large, phase III, clinical trial comparing IFNβ-1b 250 μg, IFNβ-1b 500 μg, and GA ...
Yarkan Uysal Hale - - 2011
Objective.  To present a case of an epileptic seizure related to intravenous (IV) tramadol for pain control following a total abdominal hysterectomy operation on a patient with mental retardation and cerebellar ataxia. Background.  Tramadol is an analgesic with a dual mechanism of action and has several side effects, one of ...
Casper David S - - 2011
This study reports the outcome of total hip arthroplasty with use of an uncemented, tapered stem with a 5- to 9-year follow-up. The first 200 consecutive patients (214 hips) undergoing total hip arthroplasty with the Accolade TMZF stem (Stryker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, NJ) were enrolled prospectively. Follow-up for these patients averaged ...
García Rodríguez R - - 2011
Background Current management of egg allergy relies on egg elimination from the diet. It does not protect patients from reactions after accidental ingestion of the food and it has a negative influence on quality of life. To solve these problems, some desensitization protocols have been described that are safe and ...
Kazemi Babak - - 2011
Objective: In humans, the existence of an anterior periaortic fat pad (AFP) containing parasympathetic ganglia has been described in the aortopulmonary window. Changes in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) tone can lead to postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). The AFP is usually removed during coronary bypass grafting (CABG) to fully expose ...
Coltro Pedro S - - 2011
Changes in skin sensibility occur in various postoperative plastic surgeries, especially when they involve major skin and subcutaneous dissection. There were no studies so far that objectively compared changes of ear sensibility. This prospective study was conducted to compare ear sensibility before and after otoplasty. Patients with prominent ears (n ...
Sohn Sang Kyun - - 2011
To investigate the correlation of trough imatinib mesylate (IM) levels with cytogenetic or molecular responses, we measured trough IM levels in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, chronic phase (CML-CP), at 6 months of treatment with a standard dose of IM. Eighty-seven newly diagnosed patients with CML-CP were prospectively enrolled. Seventy-eight ...
Jolly Sanjit S - - 2011
Small trials have suggested that radial access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces vascular complications and bleeding compared with femoral access. We aimed to assess whether radial access was superior to femoral access in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) who were undergoing coronary angiography with possible intervention. The RadIal ...
Velazquez Eric J EJ Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2011
The role of coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure has not been clearly established. Between July 2002 and May 2007, a total of 1212 patients with an ejection fraction of 35% or less and coronary artery disease amenable to CABG ...
Rabah Danny M - - 2011
Ureteral stones disease is among the most painful and prevalent among urologic disorders that can substantially impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL), particularly in patients with a history of recurrent stones. The aim of the study is to assess the QoL in patients with ureteral calculi after surgical intervention and ...
Cosmi Benilde - - 2011
The rate of resolution of a first episode of pulmonary embolism (PE) is uncertain. A baseline test indicating any residual PE is pivotal in aiding a more accurate diagnosis of recurrent PE. This study aimed to assess the rate and risk factors of residual PE with either multidetector computed tomography ...
Momose Mitsuru - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy is a useful tool for predicting the prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure; however, little is known regarding long-term prognostic evaluations. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term prognosis in a roughly 10-year period, in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) by MIBG imaging, compared to ...
Onol Fikret Fatih - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with urethroplasty in women with urethral stricture and discuss the therapeutic considerations and outcomes of various flap- and graft-based techniques. METHODS: A total of 17 patients with mid to distal urethral stricture (urethral caliber <14F, maximal urinary flow rate <12 mL/s, and detrusor pressure >20 ...
Raya-Rivera Atlantida A Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine and Department of Urology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, - - 2011
Complex urethral problems can occur as a result of injury, disease, or congenital defects and treatment options are often limited. Urethras, similar to other long tubularised tissues, can stricture after reconstruction. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of tissue-engineered urethras using patients' own cells in patients who needed urethral reconstruction. ...
Shingarev Roman R Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, - - 2011
When predialysis patients are deemed unsuitable candidates for an arteriovenous fistula, current guidelines recommend waiting until just before or after initiation of dialysis therapy before placing a graft. This strategy may increase catheter use when these patients start dialysis therapy. We compared the outcomes of patients whose grafts were placed ...
Seiger N - - 2011
Background The Manchester Triage System (MTS) determines an inappropriately low level of urgency (undertriage) to a minority of children. The aim of the study was to assess the clinical severity of undertriaged patients in the MTS and to define the determinants of undertriage. Methods Patients who had attended the emergency ...
Hamid Rana Shoaib - - 2011
To retrospectively assess the therapeutic effectiveness and safety of transjugular intrahepafic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in patients with portal hypertension related complications. Over a period of 7.5 years 19 patients (10 males and 9 females, age range 25-69 years) were referred for TIPS at our radiology department. Thirteen patients suffered from ...
Hui Catherine - - 2011
In vitro analysis has shown that oxidized zirconium on ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene has better wear properties than cobalt-chromium on ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene. The purpose of this study was to determine if oxidized zirconium femoral components performed better than cobalt-chromium in vivo and if the use of oxidized zirconium ...
Ellenberger Christoph - - 2011
: Current guidelines on perioperative care recommend the prophylactic use of β blockers in high-risk patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. However, recent studies show that, in some instances, perioperative β blockade can cause harm. Furthermore, chronic β blockade, titrated to effect before surgery, may be superior to acute perioperative β blockade. ...
Palma G - - 2011
This study evaluated risk factors for dysfunction and failure of the bovine Contegra valved conduit for right ventricle outflow tract reconstruction. A total of 156 bovine jugular vein conduits were reviewed. Early and late mortality were evaluated. Seriate echocardiography was performed through the follow-up (mean 58±43.2 months, range 12 to ...
Tran H V - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Eotaxin-1 (CCL11) is a potent eosinophil chemotactic and activating peptide that may be implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic allergic eye disease and has been associated with the wearing of contact lenses (CL) in patients with contact lens papillary conjunctivitis (CLPC). The purpose of this study was to study ...
Wong K L - - 2011
PURPOSE. To investigate the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) in Singaporean patients. METHODS. 197 patients (mean age, 60 years) underwent primary THA (n=155) or revision procedure (n=42) without receiving routine chemoprophylaxis. There were 149 Chinese, 25 Malays, 19 Indians, and 4 Eurasians. Duplex ultrasonography ...
Dicocco Jennifer M - - 2011
Blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) once went unrecognized until cerebral ischemia or death occurred. We previously demonstrated that screening of high-risk asymptomatic patients and early treatment improved outcomes. However, major dissections, pseudoaneurysms, and fistulas rarely heal with antithrombotic therapy alone. Endovascular therapy in these lesions has increased without reports of outcomes. ...
Sharafuddin Melhem J - - 2011
Purpose: Describe a hybrid approach to simplify management of complex aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) extending into the common femoral artery (CFA). Methods: Retrospective review of 56 patients who underwent hybrid management of AIOD extending into CFA between January 2003 and February 2007. Two distinct hybrid approaches were compared: Inline (iliac ...
Xu Bo - - 2011
Recent data have shown that sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) reduced not only the incidences of restenosis but also of target vessel revascularization (TVR). CYPHER and FIREBIRD stents are both widely used SES in China. However, comparative data concerning differences in long-term safety and efficacy regarding CYPHER and FIREBIRD stents in the ...
Chu Xiang-Yang - - 2011
Thymectomy is considered the most effective treatment in patients with myasthenia gravis. This study aimed to explore the predictors of postoperative myasthenic crisis in patients with myasthenia gravis after thymectomy. Clinical records of 243 patients with myasthenia gravis who underwent thymectomy were reviewed retrospectively. The following factors were analyzed in ...
Broholm Rikke - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness and clinical outcomes of catheter-directed thrombolysis in patients with atresia of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2009, 11 patients (median age, 32 y) with atresia of the IVC and acute iliofemoral DVT ...
Hirschmann Michael Tobias - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: The aim of this study was to investigate the subjective and objective longer-term outcomes after fracture fixation with the Proximal Humerus InterLocking OSteosynthesis (PHILOS) plate. DESIGN:: Minimum 4-year follow-up of a primary prospective cohort study. SETTING:: Single university trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Sixty-four consecutively collected patients fulfilled the study criteria. ...
Lai W Y - - 2011
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients undergoing surgical nail avulsion. DESIGN. Retrospective study. SETTING. Two dermatology centres in Hong Kong. PATIENTS. A total of 32 patients with nail diseases who underwent 33 nail avulsion procedures were reviewed from case records. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Age, gender, ...
Yapici Nihan - - 2011
Background: We evaluated the use of dexmedetomidine to facilitate the weaning of delirious postoperative patients from mechanical ventilation.Methods: We included 72 consecutive patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery in this prospective observational study. Each patient had failed at least 1 trial of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and had agitation. ...
Zheng Chao-Xu - - 2011
High anatomic location, fragility, and generous blood supply of the spleen makes laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) difficult to master, and few patients need splenectomy for benign disorders. The aim of this research was to assess operative outcomes and hematological results of a large series of patients treated with LS for chronic ...
Mikami Yuji - - 2011
We have performed percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) using polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) for patients with vertebral metastases since 2002. This study investigated the therapeutic effects of PV on vertebral metastases. A retrospective (2002-2008) review was conducted for 69 consecutive patien 141 metastatic vertebrae treated with PV using PMMA. The clinical background of the ...
El Oumeiri Bachar - - 2011
Selected patients, presenting for reoperative coronary surgery with patent internal thoracic arteries (ITAs), may benefit from techniques to salvage and reuse these ITA grafts. We have termed this practice the recycling of ITAs. The purpose of this study is to report our short-term and midterm results using various recycling techniques. ...
Alejandre-Lafont Enrique - - 2011
Background The number of conventional lymphographies has declined markedly since the introduction of cross-sectional imaging techniques. Nevertheless, lymphography has a high potential as a reliable method to visualize and directly occlude lymphatic leaks. When used as a distinct radiological procedure with the intention to treat, this application can be described ...
Zhu Zi-Yi - - 2011
Readmission rates after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for malignant diseases have a significant impact on survival rate. Identification of risk factors for readmission may improve discharge plans and postoperative care. Data exist on the morbidity and mortality of patients undergoing PD, but there are few reports about hospital readmissions after this procedure. ...
Al-Najar Amr - - 2011
Our objective was to establish the feasibility of combining 2 minimally invasive procedures in patients with failed primary treatment (male sling) in post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) patients. From January 2007 to July 2008, 40 men with PPI were implanted with a suburethral tape (2 patients with Seratim, 3 with I-Stop and ...
Bronstein I - - 2011
Neuraxial administration of morphine is an effective way of controlling postoperative pain and reducing analgesic consumption. Some animal models have demonstrated that preemptive administration of neuraxial narcotics reduces pain, while others have revealed the contrary. In addition, there have been no consistent results in clinical settings. This double-blind, randomized study ...
Jung Sung-Ho - - 2011
Objective: The current study compared clinical outcomes after mitral valve repair or replacement in patients with active infective endocarditis involving only the native mitral valve. Methods: From January 1994 to December 2009, 102 patients were identified with active infective native mitral valve endocarditis. Mitral valve repair (MVP) was performed in ...
Berger Adam C - - 2011
Major morbidity and mortality rates continue to be high in large series of transthoracic esophagectomies. Minimally invasive approaches are being increasingly used. We compare our growing series of minimally invasive (combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic) esophagectomies (MIEs) with a series of open transthoracic esophagectomies. We identified 65 patients who underwent an ...
Ullah Sana - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine the safety and efficacy of injectable bulking agents. A total of 13 procedures were performed on 11 patients with faecal incontinence during 2002 to 2007. Patients with internal anal sphincter defect and low incontinence score (Cleveland score < 10) revealed improvement. Patients with higher ...
Towfigh Shirin - - 2011
Local wound management using a simple wound-probing protocol (WPP) reduces surgical site infection (SSI) in contaminated wounds, with less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stay, and improved patient satisfaction. Prospective randomized clinical trial. Academic medical center. Adult patients undergoing open appendectomy for perforated appendicitis were enrolled from January 1, 2007, through ...
Dudda Marcel - - 2011
Our purpose was to study the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values for hip adhesions, labral tears, and articular cartilage lesions in patients who had open treatment for femoroacetabular impingement, had persistent symptoms, and had both magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) with radial slices and hip arthroscopy. Of 750 patients, 21 patients ...
O'Brien Benjamin - - 2011
Background: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and cardiac surgery cause an inflammatory response, as measurable by an increase in the concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP), a nonspecific inflammation marker. Previous publications have demonstrated typical perioperative CRP concentration profiles in cases of uncomplicated aortic valve replacement (AVR) with CPB. A regression analysis for ...
Beaulé Paul E - - 2011
The current study measured ion release among large-head metal-on-metal hip bearings. Twenty-six patients with a modular, Profemur® TL with A-Class® big femoral head total hip replacement were matched (gender, femoral size, BMI) with a group of 26 patients with the Conserve® Plus implant hip resurfacing. Compared with HR patients, THR ...
Speggiorin Simone - - 2011
Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the surgical outcome of slide tracheoplasty in patients with congenital tracheal stenosis and single lung. Methods: Pre, intra- and postoperative data were collected. Anatomy and associated anomalies were described. Results: Seven patients (median age 5 months; range 39 days-1 year) with ...
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