Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 4275
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Ballin Ami - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The course of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) may be subject to hemolytic episodes, sometimes requiring blood transfusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a short course of steroid therapy in elevating hemoglobin levels during hemolytic crisis. PROCEDURE: The files of all patients followed for HS ...
Guinot J L - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: We review the experience with prostate carcinoma patients treated with permanent implants of 125-I seeds and the outcome eight years after the beginning of this technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2002 to 2007 we have performed 250 implants with LDR brachytherapy with RapidStrand(®) and preplanning system. Mean age was ...
Tschopp Kurt - - 2011
The objective of the study was to formulate a statistical model for postoperative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) 3 and 12 months after multilevel surgery using the predictors preoperative AHI, body mass index (BMI) and age. The study design was a prospective cohort study. Data of 144 patients were collected prospectively 3 and ...
S Ferreira R - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the effects of percutaneous radiofrequency sacral rhizotomy in spinal cord injured (SCI) patients on urodynamic parameters (maximum cystometric capacity - MCC and detrusor pressure at maximum cystometric capacity - PdetMCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study assessed eight patients with SCI (four men and four women) with ...
Strach Katharina - - 2011
Epistaxis is a common clinical problem, and the majority of bleedings can be managed conservatively. However, due to extensive and sometimes life-threatening bleeding, further treatment, such as superselective embolization, may be required. We report our experience with endovascular treatment of life-threatening epistaxis. All patients presenting with excessive epistaxis, which received ...
Fageeh Wafa M K - - 2011
Although vaginismus is a common sexual dysfunction in Saudi Arabia, there are limited data concerning the treatment modalities associated with patients with symptoms of vaginismus. This study is aimed to evaluate the presentation and different modalities of management in patients with severe refractory vaginismus in western Saudi Arabia. Successful penetrative ...
Dhiman P - - 2011
Testosterone replacement therapy is the mainstay of treatment in male patients with isolated hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (HH) to achieve virilisation. However, responsiveness of pilosebaceous unit (PSU) to testosterone replacement therapy in these patients is quite variable. Androgen action is inversely proportional to the number of CAG repeats in exon 1 of ...
Pyysalo Liisa M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome after non-aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). 1154 patients with SAH were treated in our hospital between 1989 and 1999. From this patient population, 97 patients had a non-aneurysmal SAH. All hospital records and death certificates were studied and 33 ...
Leizorovicz Alain - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Trials comparing the use of full dose unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) in very elderly patients with impaired renal function are lacking. IRIS aimed to assess whether LMWH is at least as safe as UFH in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included renally ...
Graham David J C - - 2011
A retrospective review of 146 patients undergoing navigated total knee arthroplasty (NTKA) and 181 patients undergoing conventional total knee arthroplasty (CTKA) was undertaken to establish whether NTKA, with its avoidance of intramedullary instrumentation, resulted in less early postoperative morbidity than CTKA. Cohorts were well matched in terms of age, sex, ...
Kos Nataša - - 2011
Purpose. To find out whether patients with femoral neck fracture treated with hemiarthroplasty differ from those treated with internal fixation regarding functional outcome, walking ability, pain or short-term mortality. Method. Sixty-six patients aged 64 years or more with femoral neck fracture were included in a prospective non-randomised trial with two equal-sized groups ...
Spinetto Heather - - 2011
Aims:  To evaluate safety and effectiveness of 28-day long-acting penicillin to prevent recurrences of acute rheumatic fever (ARF). Methods:  Historical cohort study using the regional RF register for Auckland, New Zealand, in a 5-14-year-old population with ARF rates of ∼40-80/100 000. Consented patients were referred to a population-based delivery programme of ...
Sung Joseph J Y - - 2011
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), especially peptic ulcer bleeding, remains one of the most important cause of hospitalisation and mortality world wide. In Asia, with a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection, a potential difference in drug metabolism, and a difference in clinical management of UGIB due to variable socioeconomic environments, ...
Franzen Olaf - - 2011
AIMS: To assess the feasibility, short-term durability and clinical outcomes of MitraClip(®) therapy for mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with end-stage heart failure and a severely reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed retrospectively collected data from seven European centres. Included in the study were 50 ...
Vaccaro Benjamin J BJ Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2011
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective means of eradicating Barrett's esophagus (BE), both with and without associated dysplasia. Several studies have documented high initial success rates with RFA. However, there is limited data on IM detection rates after eradication. To determine the rate of detection of intestinal metaplasia (IM) after ...
Adams Samuel B SB - - 2011
With osteochondral lesions of the talar shoulder, their size, the articular cartilage geometry, and the loss of the medial or lateral articular buttress often preclude treatment with traditional osteochondral autograft techniques. We hypothesized that fresh, large osteochondral allograft transplantation is a viable treatment option for patients with such lesions. A ...
Athanassious Christian - - 2011
Forty percent to 50% of patients may experience an immediate postoperative fever. Research suggests that these are of aseptic cause due to inflammatory mediators. This is a retrospective analysis of fevers in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients from 2006 to 2008. Thirty-six percent of THA ...
Merola Aristide - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and levodopa/carbidopa enteral (Duodopa) infusion are two effective therapeutic options for the treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Retrospectively, this study compared the two procedures, evaluating 40 PD patients who underwent either STN-DBS or a percutaneous gastrostomy (PEG) for Duodopa infusion. Duodopa ...
Nakaya Kazuhiro - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: The visual outcomes of endoscopic treatment of optic neuropathy are favorable. However, no specific prognostic factor was associated with good outcome. Objective: To investigate visual outcomes of patients with optic neuropathy caused by paranasal mucocele or sinusitis. Methods: The clinical course in 38 patients with rhinogenic optic neuropathy ...
Darvall K A L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To describe duplex ultrasound (DUS) outcomes 12 months following ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) of recurrent great saphenous varicose veins (GSVV). METHODS: A consecutive series of UK National Health Service patients underwent serial DUS examinations following UGFS with 3% sodium tetradecyl sulphate for symptomatic recurrent GSVV. RESULTS: 91 treated legs ...
Herberger Katharina - - 2011
Background: Low-frequency ultrasound has been shown to be an alternative to surgical wound debridement (WD) to stimulate wound healing; however, few data are available. Objective: To compare the efficacy, tolerability and benefit of both wound treatment methods. Methods: A monocentric prospective randomized-controlled clinical study assessing patient-reported outcomes and clinical efficacy ...
Leonhardt Fernando Danelon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma after transoral robotic surgery (TORS). METHODS: Short Form (SF)-8 and Performance Status Scale (PSS) questionnaires were completed prior to surgery, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. RESULTS: In all, 38 ...
Filippi M M University Hospital San Raffaele, Via Olgettina, 20132 Milan, Italy. - - 2011
To compare interferon β-1b (IFNβ-1b) and glatiramer acetate (GA) on new lesion (NL) (gadolinium-enhancing, new T2) evolution into permanent black holes (PBH)--a marker of irreversible tissue damage--in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). BEYOND was a large, phase III, clinical trial comparing IFNβ-1b 250 μg, IFNβ-1b 500 μg, and GA ...
Velazquez Eric J EJ Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2011
The role of coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure has not been clearly established. Between July 2002 and May 2007, a total of 1212 patients with an ejection fraction of 35% or less and coronary artery disease amenable to CABG ...
Yarkan Uysal Hale - - 2011
Objective.  To present a case of an epileptic seizure related to intravenous (IV) tramadol for pain control following a total abdominal hysterectomy operation on a patient with mental retardation and cerebellar ataxia. Background.  Tramadol is an analgesic with a dual mechanism of action and has several side effects, one of ...
Coltro Pedro S - - 2011
Changes in skin sensibility occur in various postoperative plastic surgeries, especially when they involve major skin and subcutaneous dissection. There were no studies so far that objectively compared changes of ear sensibility. This prospective study was conducted to compare ear sensibility before and after otoplasty. Patients with prominent ears (n ...
Jolly Sanjit S - - 2011
Small trials have suggested that radial access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces vascular complications and bleeding compared with femoral access. We aimed to assess whether radial access was superior to femoral access in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) who were undergoing coronary angiography with possible intervention. The RadIal ...
García Rodríguez R - - 2011
Background Current management of egg allergy relies on egg elimination from the diet. It does not protect patients from reactions after accidental ingestion of the food and it has a negative influence on quality of life. To solve these problems, some desensitization protocols have been described that are safe and ...
Casper David S - - 2011
This study reports the outcome of total hip arthroplasty with use of an uncemented, tapered stem with a 5- to 9-year follow-up. The first 200 consecutive patients (214 hips) undergoing total hip arthroplasty with the Accolade TMZF stem (Stryker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, NJ) were enrolled prospectively. Follow-up for these patients averaged ...
Sohn Sang Kyun - - 2011
To investigate the correlation of trough imatinib mesylate (IM) levels with cytogenetic or molecular responses, we measured trough IM levels in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, chronic phase (CML-CP), at 6 months of treatment with a standard dose of IM. Eighty-seven newly diagnosed patients with CML-CP were prospectively enrolled. Seventy-eight ...
Kazemi Babak - - 2011
Objective: In humans, the existence of an anterior periaortic fat pad (AFP) containing parasympathetic ganglia has been described in the aortopulmonary window. Changes in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) tone can lead to postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). The AFP is usually removed during coronary bypass grafting (CABG) to fully expose ...
Rabah Danny M - - 2011
Ureteral stones disease is among the most painful and prevalent among urologic disorders that can substantially impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL), particularly in patients with a history of recurrent stones. The aim of the study is to assess the QoL in patients with ureteral calculi after surgical intervention and ...
Cosmi Benilde - - 2011
The rate of resolution of a first episode of pulmonary embolism (PE) is uncertain. A baseline test indicating any residual PE is pivotal in aiding a more accurate diagnosis of recurrent PE. This study aimed to assess the rate and risk factors of residual PE with either multidetector computed tomography ...
Onol Fikret Fatih - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with urethroplasty in women with urethral stricture and discuss the therapeutic considerations and outcomes of various flap- and graft-based techniques. METHODS: A total of 17 patients with mid to distal urethral stricture (urethral caliber <14F, maximal urinary flow rate <12 mL/s, and detrusor pressure >20 ...
Momose Mitsuru - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy is a useful tool for predicting the prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure; however, little is known regarding long-term prognostic evaluations. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term prognosis in a roughly 10-year period, in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) by MIBG imaging, compared to ...
Raya-Rivera Atlantida A Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine and Department of Urology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, - - 2011
Complex urethral problems can occur as a result of injury, disease, or congenital defects and treatment options are often limited. Urethras, similar to other long tubularised tissues, can stricture after reconstruction. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of tissue-engineered urethras using patients' own cells in patients who needed urethral reconstruction. ...
Shingarev Roman R Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, - - 2011
When predialysis patients are deemed unsuitable candidates for an arteriovenous fistula, current guidelines recommend waiting until just before or after initiation of dialysis therapy before placing a graft. This strategy may increase catheter use when these patients start dialysis therapy. We compared the outcomes of patients whose grafts were placed ...
Hamilton D Kojo - - 2011
Object The originally described technique of atlantoaxial stabilization using C-1 lateral mass and C-2 pars screws includes a C-2 neurectomy to provide adequate hemostasis and visualization for screw placement, enable adequate joint decortication and arthrodesis, and prevent new-onset postoperative C-2 neuralgia. However, inclusion of a C-2 neurectomy for this procedure ...
Garg Scot - - 2011
Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the 5-year outcomes of patients with multivessel disease (MVD) involving the proximal left anterior descending (LAD) artery who were treated with sirolimus drug-eluting stents (SES), bare metal stents (BMS) and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Methods and results: Clinical outcomes were ...
Smith D E - - 2011
We retrospectively evaluated the durability and reasons for discontinuation of nevirapine (NVP) in combination with a tenofovir (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC) or lamivudine (3TC)-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen in an Australian outpatient setting. Between January 2003 and June 2009, 64 patients (29 naïve and 35 treatment-experienced) received NVP/TDF-based regimens. The ...
Tang Bing B Department of Burns, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2011
Although escharectomy and full-thickness skin autografting have been widely used to treat deep facial burns, the clinical outcomes remain unacceptable. Composite razor-thin skin grafting over acellular dermal matrix scaffold has been used successfully in repairing burns of the trunk and limbs, but its use in covering deep facial burns has ...
Oliveira Rui - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Single-incision slings (SIS), requiring very limited intracorporeal dissection, have been recently introduced on the premise that they might increase safety of female stress urinary incontinence treatment. However, their success rate ...
Schwartz Bryan G - - 2011
In heavily calcified lesions, rotational atherectomy (RA) improves procedural success and facilitates stent deployment. Reports on RA in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era are limited. The objective of this study was to determine the presenting characteristics, procedural and in-hospital clinical outcomes of patients who underwent RA at our institution in ...
Bagur Rodrigo - - 2011
Very few data exist on the functional evaluation of patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aims of this prospective study were (1) to evaluate the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) as a measure of functional status pre-TAVI and post-TAVI, (2) to determine the ...
Topal Aşkın Ender - - 2011
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common complication after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, with an incidence of 20%-50%. The objective of this study was to investigate perioperative risk factors of postoperative sustained AF by the way of logistic regression analysis. Data for the last 98 patients who ...
Koopmann Matthew C - - 2011
Direct inguinal hernia repair with acellular human dermis (AHD) may offer greater symptom improvement and lower risk of hernia recurrence than anatomical repair without mesh (AWM) after mesh removal (with or without neurectomy) for postherniorrhaphy inguinodynia. Retrospective cohort study with long-term follow-up. Tertiary referral center for mesh inguinodynia. Patients undergoing ...
Simonsen O H - - 2011
PURPOSE. To compare patients with increased risk of bleeding who received combined blood reinfusion and femoral nerve block in total knee replacement (TKR) to regular patients treated routinely with respect to pain relief, blood loss, and knee function. METHODS. In a consecutive series of 67 patients who underwent unilateral TKR, ...
Zipfel Burkhart - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the safety and performance of Relay stent-grafts in patients with acute or chronic aortic dissections. Methods: Patients with types A or B aortic dissections suitable for treatment with Relay stent-grafts and followed for 2 years after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) were identified from a company-sponsored registry ...
Ellenberger Christoph - - 2011
: Current guidelines on perioperative care recommend the prophylactic use of β blockers in high-risk patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. However, recent studies show that, in some instances, perioperative β blockade can cause harm. Furthermore, chronic β blockade, titrated to effect before surgery, may be superior to acute perioperative β blockade. ...
Palma G - - 2011
This study evaluated risk factors for dysfunction and failure of the bovine Contegra valved conduit for right ventricle outflow tract reconstruction. A total of 156 bovine jugular vein conduits were reviewed. Early and late mortality were evaluated. Seriate echocardiography was performed through the follow-up (mean 58±43.2 months, range 12 to ...
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