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Results 501 - 550 of 4255
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D'Angelo F - - 2011
Two-stage revision with the use of an antibiotic-loaded cement spacer has spread widely as a successful treatment for THA infection. Between 1999 and 2008, 28 patients with infected THA were treated with two-stage implant revision using a preformed spacer. The spacer was left in situ for 5.5 months (range 1-13 months), and ...
Kim Jeong Woo - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the early clinical results of arthroscopic extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) release with and without bone decortication in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients who were surgically treated for lateral epicondylitis between 2004 and 2008 were included ...
Saatci Isil - - 2011
Object The purpose of this study was to present the authors' clinical experience and long-term angiographic and clinical follow-up results in 350 patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated using prolonged intranidal Onyx injection with a very slow "staged" reflux technique described by the authors. Methods Three hundred and fifty ...
Chen Yi Yi - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To report the first long-term experience on the efficacy of bipolar transurethral radiofrequency needle ablation (RFA) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms that are secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Patients and Methods: A nonrandomized prospective cohort of 12 candidates for transurethral resection of the prostate underwent bipolar ...
Chan Yu Wai - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of circumferential hypopharyngeal defects is often challenging. The aim of the study is to examine the result of our experience and to formulate improved management guidelines. METHOD: Between 1980 and 2009, all patients who have circumferential pharyngectomy were recruited. Data were recorded prospectively for analysis. RESULTS: A total ...
Santangeli Pasquale - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a growing epidemic associated with a variety of adverse outcomes, including death, stroke, impaired quality of life, and increased rate of hospitalizations. Achieving a definite cure for this disease is highly desirable, as this would have outstanding social and economic implication. Catheter ablation is the only ...
Neal Chris J - - 2011
Object Spinopelvic balance is based on the theory that adjacent segments of the spine are related and influenced by one another. By understanding the correlation between the thoracolumbar spine and the pelvis, a concept of spinopelvic balance can be applied to adult deformity. The purpose of this study was to ...
Besharatizadeh Rosina - - 2011
Autogenous fascia, including the temporalis fascia, has a particular role in rhinoplasty as radix and dorsal onlay grafts. The main purpose of this study is to achieve desired appearance of facial harmony using either a complete or partial sheet of deep temporal fascia as a radix graft in the patients ...
Endrikat Jan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic menorrhagia (IM) is an important clinical challenge. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG IUS) provides an effective treatment option as shown by multiple small clinical studies. In this analysis of combined data, we describe the time course of relative change in menstrual blood loss (MBL) from baseline up to ...
Acosta Frank L - - 2011
Object The lateral transpsoas approach for lumbar interbody fusion is a minimal access technique that has been used by some to treat lumbar degenerative conditions, including degenerative scoliosis. Few studies, however, have analyzed its effect on coronal and sagittal plane correction, and no study has compared changes in segmental, regional, ...
Penninga Luit - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, severe pathology of the duodenum has been treated by a pancreaticoduodenectomy using Whipple's operation. Pancreas-preserving total duodenectomy (PPTD) was introduced in the late 1990s as an alternative to Whipple's operation for selected diseases of the duodenum. We report our 10 years' experience with this operation. METHODS: In the period ...
Yang Zhijun - - 2011
Object The authors aim to identify the characteristics of primary spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea and propose a hypothesis for its pathogenesis. Methods Between 2003 and 2009, 21 patients diagnosed with primary spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea underwent surgery in the authors' hospital. The clinical aspects were retrospectively reviewed, and their characteristics were analyzed. ...
Kunadian Vijayalakshmi - - 2011
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the standard of care for the management of patients with severe three-vessel and left main coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the optimal strategy for management of patients with CAD and severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction [ejection fraction (EF) ≤35%] is not clear. A ...
Lebwohl Benjamin - - 2011
There are no guidelines for the recommended interval to the next examination after colonoscopy with suboptimal bowel preparation. To identify factors associated with early repeat colonoscopy after initial examinations with suboptimal preparations and to measure adenoma miss rates in this context. Retrospective study. Hospital-based endoscopy unit. Bowel preparation quality was ...
Kavuru M S MS Division of Pulmonary, East Carolina University, Brody School of Medicine, 3E-149 Brody Medical Sciences Building, Greenville, NC 27834, - - 2011
Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the B-lymphocyte antigen CD20, has shown promise in several autoimmune disorders. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is an autoimmune disorder characterised by autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). An open-label, proof-of-concept phase II clinical trial was conducted in 10 PAP patients. The intervention consisted of ...
Tschopp Kurt - - 2011
The objective of the study was to formulate a statistical model for postoperative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) 3 and 12 months after multilevel surgery using the predictors preoperative AHI, body mass index (BMI) and age. The study design was a prospective cohort study. Data of 144 patients were collected prospectively 3 and ...
S Ferreira R - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the effects of percutaneous radiofrequency sacral rhizotomy in spinal cord injured (SCI) patients on urodynamic parameters (maximum cystometric capacity - MCC and detrusor pressure at maximum cystometric capacity - PdetMCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study assessed eight patients with SCI (four men and four women) with ...
Feng R - - 2011
PURPOSE: To clarify the outcome of aortorenal bypass (ARB) in Takayasu arteritis-induced renal artery stenosis (TARAS). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on thirty-three consecutive patients (24 females; mean age, 25 years) with TARAS, who underwent ARB with autologous saphenous vein graft. The effects on blood pressure and renal ...
Patel Kevin H - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To describe the clinical course of patients with punctate inner choroidopathy seen at the University of Illinois, with emphasis on development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS:: Patients with a diagnosis of punctate inner choroidopathy were identified retrospectively. The diagnosis was made clinically based on findings of multiple, small "punched-out" ...
Kim Chang-Sik - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate whether intraoperative endolaser retinopexy around the sclerotomy site during pars plana vitrectomy can prevent the postoperative complication of retinal detachment (RD). METHODS:: Two hundred and seventy-eight patients who had undergone 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for various vitreoretinal disorders were investigated retrospectively. Patients who had rhegmatogenous RD and ...
Holvoet Tom - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Quantitative Perfusion Scintigraphy (QPS) and Anatomic Segment Method (ASM) are two techniques for estimating postoperative pulmonary function. QPS is gold standard, but holds disadvantages. AIM: Could ASM substitute QPS in the preoperative work-up of NSCLC? METHODS: Retrospective study in patients with NSCLC or mesothelioma undergoing resection. FEV1 and DL,CO ...
Joussen Antonia M - - 2011
Purpose:  The Heavy Silicone Oil versus Standard Silicone Oil Study (HSO study) is designed to answer the question whether a heavier-than-water tamponade improves the prognosis of eyes with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) of the lower retina. Methods:  The HSO Study is a multicentre, randomized, prospective, controlled clinical trial stratified by surgeon ...
Lee Taek Sang - - 2011
A prospective multicenter trial has been commenced in Korea to investigate the treatment efficacy of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system in patients with endometrial hyperplasia. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is an alternative to oral progesterone without the disadvantages of oral progestogens. Therefore, we hypothesize that if the therapeutic efficacy of the ...
Ballin Ami - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The course of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) may be subject to hemolytic episodes, sometimes requiring blood transfusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a short course of steroid therapy in elevating hemoglobin levels during hemolytic crisis. PROCEDURE: The files of all patients followed for HS ...
Strach Katharina - - 2011
Epistaxis is a common clinical problem, and the majority of bleedings can be managed conservatively. However, due to extensive and sometimes life-threatening bleeding, further treatment, such as superselective embolization, may be required. We report our experience with endovascular treatment of life-threatening epistaxis. All patients presenting with excessive epistaxis, which received ...
Fageeh Wafa M K - - 2011
Although vaginismus is a common sexual dysfunction in Saudi Arabia, there are limited data concerning the treatment modalities associated with patients with symptoms of vaginismus. This study is aimed to evaluate the presentation and different modalities of management in patients with severe refractory vaginismus in western Saudi Arabia. Successful penetrative ...
Guinot J L - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: We review the experience with prostate carcinoma patients treated with permanent implants of 125-I seeds and the outcome eight years after the beginning of this technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2002 to 2007 we have performed 250 implants with LDR brachytherapy with RapidStrand(®) and preplanning system. Mean age was ...
Nuis Rutger-Jan - - 2011
Outcome after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) depends on the patient risk profile, operator experience, progress in technology, and technique. We sought to compare the results of TAVI during the initiation phase and after certification to perform TAVI with the Medtronic CoreValve System without proctoring. A total of 165 consecutive ...
Ballotta Andrea - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients with ventilator dependency after cardiac operations may require a tracheostomy. This study determined the hospital and postdischarge outcome in a series of patients who underwent a tracheostomy due to ventilator dependency after cardiac operations. METHODS: Medical records of cardiac surgical patients were retrospectively reviewed for preoperative, intraoperative, and ...
Parente A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The closure of urinary diversions performed on newly born infants has a notable failure percentage in patients with bladder disease. We present the use of botulinum toxin as a useful and minimally invasive alternative to treat these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present two patients with a single kidney ...
Fernando Hiran C - - 2011
Objective: Benign airway strictures can be complex and challenging to manage. Although resection is preferred, this is not always feasible, and hence, endoscopic therapies are often performed. However, endoscopic therapies can be problematic, with granulation tissue and fibrosis leading to early failure. Spray cryotherapy (SC) is a new approach that ...
Di Napoli Mario - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hyperglycemia and inflammation are involved in the progression of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH)-induced brain injury, but their role in predicting clinical outcome is not clear. We sought to determine whether elevation of white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), and blood glucose (BG) concentration at presentation ...
Quagliarella Livio - - 2011
In order to verify whether orthostatic posturography (OP) can support clinical assessment of total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA), 81 subjects with THA and 100 with TKA were recruited and compared with 59 healthy volunteers. All patients were tested one or two days prior to surgery; 42 subjects (20 ...
Moon Joon Ho - - 2011
To achieve successful therapeutic outcomes in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), continuous and adequate imatinib (Gleevec(®), Glivec(®), Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Basel, Switzerland) dosing is essential. Here, we report a patient counseling program ("Care club", "Happy club" in Korea) performed to improve patient compliance with imatinib. From January 2006 to December 2008, patients ...
Spinetto Heather - - 2011
Aims:  To evaluate safety and effectiveness of 28-day long-acting penicillin to prevent recurrences of acute rheumatic fever (ARF). Methods:  Historical cohort study using the regional RF register for Auckland, New Zealand, in a 5-14-year-old population with ARF rates of ∼40-80/100 000. Consented patients were referred to a population-based delivery programme of ...
Sung Joseph J Y - - 2011
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), especially peptic ulcer bleeding, remains one of the most important cause of hospitalisation and mortality world wide. In Asia, with a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection, a potential difference in drug metabolism, and a difference in clinical management of UGIB due to variable socioeconomic environments, ...
Leizorovicz Alain - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Trials comparing the use of full dose unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) in very elderly patients with impaired renal function are lacking. IRIS aimed to assess whether LMWH is at least as safe as UFH in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included renally ...
Franzen Olaf - - 2011
AIMS: To assess the feasibility, short-term durability and clinical outcomes of MitraClip(®) therapy for mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with end-stage heart failure and a severely reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed retrospectively collected data from seven European centres. Included in the study were 50 ...
Adams Samuel B SB - - 2011
With osteochondral lesions of the talar shoulder, their size, the articular cartilage geometry, and the loss of the medial or lateral articular buttress often preclude treatment with traditional osteochondral autograft techniques. We hypothesized that fresh, large osteochondral allograft transplantation is a viable treatment option for patients with such lesions. A ...
Kos Nataša - - 2011
Purpose. To find out whether patients with femoral neck fracture treated with hemiarthroplasty differ from those treated with internal fixation regarding functional outcome, walking ability, pain or short-term mortality. Method. Sixty-six patients aged 64 years or more with femoral neck fracture were included in a prospective non-randomised trial with two equal-sized groups ...
Dhiman P - - 2011
Testosterone replacement therapy is the mainstay of treatment in male patients with isolated hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (HH) to achieve virilisation. However, responsiveness of pilosebaceous unit (PSU) to testosterone replacement therapy in these patients is quite variable. Androgen action is inversely proportional to the number of CAG repeats in exon 1 of ...
Graham David J C - - 2011
A retrospective review of 146 patients undergoing navigated total knee arthroplasty (NTKA) and 181 patients undergoing conventional total knee arthroplasty (CTKA) was undertaken to establish whether NTKA, with its avoidance of intramedullary instrumentation, resulted in less early postoperative morbidity than CTKA. Cohorts were well matched in terms of age, sex, ...
Athanassious Christian - - 2011
Forty percent to 50% of patients may experience an immediate postoperative fever. Research suggests that these are of aseptic cause due to inflammatory mediators. This is a retrospective analysis of fevers in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients from 2006 to 2008. Thirty-six percent of THA ...
Pyysalo Liisa M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome after non-aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). 1154 patients with SAH were treated in our hospital between 1989 and 1999. From this patient population, 97 patients had a non-aneurysmal SAH. All hospital records and death certificates were studied and 33 ...
Vaccaro Benjamin J BJ Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2011
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective means of eradicating Barrett's esophagus (BE), both with and without associated dysplasia. Several studies have documented high initial success rates with RFA. However, there is limited data on IM detection rates after eradication. To determine the rate of detection of intestinal metaplasia (IM) after ...
Darvall K A L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To describe duplex ultrasound (DUS) outcomes 12 months following ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) of recurrent great saphenous varicose veins (GSVV). METHODS: A consecutive series of UK National Health Service patients underwent serial DUS examinations following UGFS with 3% sodium tetradecyl sulphate for symptomatic recurrent GSVV. RESULTS: 91 treated legs ...
Leonhardt Fernando Danelon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma after transoral robotic surgery (TORS). METHODS: Short Form (SF)-8 and Performance Status Scale (PSS) questionnaires were completed prior to surgery, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. RESULTS: In all, 38 ...
Nakaya Kazuhiro - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: The visual outcomes of endoscopic treatment of optic neuropathy are favorable. However, no specific prognostic factor was associated with good outcome. Objective: To investigate visual outcomes of patients with optic neuropathy caused by paranasal mucocele or sinusitis. Methods: The clinical course in 38 patients with rhinogenic optic neuropathy ...
Herberger Katharina - - 2011
Background: Low-frequency ultrasound has been shown to be an alternative to surgical wound debridement (WD) to stimulate wound healing; however, few data are available. Objective: To compare the efficacy, tolerability and benefit of both wound treatment methods. Methods: A monocentric prospective randomized-controlled clinical study assessing patient-reported outcomes and clinical efficacy ...
Merola Aristide - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and levodopa/carbidopa enteral (Duodopa) infusion are two effective therapeutic options for the treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Retrospectively, this study compared the two procedures, evaluating 40 PD patients who underwent either STN-DBS or a percutaneous gastrostomy (PEG) for Duodopa infusion. Duodopa ...
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