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Results 501 - 550 of 4275
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Borgmann-Staudt A - - 2011
Infertility is a major late effect in patients receiving haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of patients having fertility impairment after allogeneic HSCT in childhood/adolescence and to identify the potential risk factors. Treatment and fertility data of paediatric patients with malignant ...
Leshem Eyal - - 2011
Background. Cysticercosis, a human infestation by Taenia solium is endemic in many resource-limited countries. In developed countries it is mostly encountered among immigrant populations. Only few cases are reported in travelers. This report summarizes a nation-wide study of neurocysticercosis (NCC) diagnosed among Israeli travelers to endemic countries, with an estimation ...
Ralston Stuart H - - 2011
Vitamin D insufficiency is common in patients with osteoporosis. We conducted a randomized trial comparing alendronate 70 mg combined with vitamin D(3) 5,600 IU in a single tablet (ALN/D5600, n = 257) with standard care chosen by the patients' personal physicians (n = 258) in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis (BMD T score ≤2.5 or ≤1.5 and ...
Nishio Kazuaki - - 2011
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine outcome subsequent to implantation of bare-metal stents (BMS) with pioglitazone, which are novel insulin-sensitizing agents, and drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 139 consecutive Type 2 diabetic patients treated with stent were followed up ...
Lanas A - - 2011
Background  Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) is a common medical emergency associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in endoscopic and pharmacological treatment during the past two decades, the incidence of mortality associated with NVUGIB has remained relatively constant. Aim  To report outcomes and predictive factors for bleeding continuation/re-bleeding ...
Takagi Toshio - - 2011
We assessed whether adequately functioning parenchyma is preserved in patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD) after partial nephrectomy (PN) compared with those who underwent radical nephrectomy (RN). A total of 95 patients with pre-existing CKD who underwent curative surgery for pathological T1a-T2N0M0 renal cell carcinoma with a follow-up period ...
Luers Jan Christoffer - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate whether patients with a short-term and long-term disease course of sialolithiasis show differences in the clinical picture and the outcome after sialendoscopy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the findings and clinical courses of 62 consecutive patients who received sialendoscopy for sialolithiasis. RESULTS: ...
Hakvoort R A - - 2011
To compare clean intermittent catheterisation with transurethral indwelling catheterisation for the treatment of abnormal post-void residual bladder volume (PVR) following vaginal prolapse surgery. Multicentre randomised controlled trial. Five teaching hospitals and one non-teaching hospital in the Netherlands. All patients older than 18 years experiencing abnormal PVR following vaginal prolapse surgery, ...
Woldrich Jeffrey M - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (cohort) Level of Evidence 2b OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of laser vaporization of the prostate (LVP) with several different wavelengths for urinary retention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study of patients undergoing LVP from 2005 to 2009 at a single institution was performed. Outcomes ...
Fong Calvin Sze-Un - - 2011
Purpose To assess whether improved visual acuity (VA) is sustained 2 years after the cataract surgery. Methods The Cataract Surgery and Age-Related Macular Degeneration (CSAMD) study followed 1936 patients aged ≥65 years undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery at Westmead Hospital (Sydney, Australia) between 2004 and 2007. Presenting and pinhole VA were ...
Senet Patricia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the healing effect of topical becaplermin gel vs hydrogel dressing on hypertensive leg ulcers. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, parallel-assignment, controlled study. SETTING: Ambulatory or hospitalized patients from 17 dermatology departments. Patients  Among 64 consecutive randomized patients with 1 or more hypertensive leg ulcers who fulfilled all inclusion criteria, ...
Liu Hong - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of posterior lateral mass screw/rod fixation and fusion for the treatment of symptomatic pseudarthrosis of anterior cervical fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Both anterior revision and posterior repair of cervical pseudarthrosis have been reported. To date, there is still ...
Thrush Philip T - - 2011
Complete vascular occlusions are rare but potentially lethal. Reports on transcatheter therapy are limited to solitary case reports. The study was conducted as a single-center retrospective chart review. Between January 2003 and December 2009, 26 patients underwent cardiac catheterizations for either a known complete thoracic vascular occlusion or for incidental ...
Ou Yen-Chuan - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: In Taiwan, patients with uremia have a high risk of the development of multifocal urothelial carcinoma. We report on eight patients with uremia and urothelial carcinoma who underwent simultaneous robot-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and radical cystectomy (RANUC). Patients and Methods: Between April 2006 and August 2010, eight ...
Fukumori Daisuke - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To further improve the outcomes of liver resection, it is important to identify and prevent the causes of the hyperbilirubinemia occurring after hepatectomy and postoperative liver failure. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2009, 591 consecutive patients underwent a hepatectomy at our center. Twenty-two patients who developed hyperbilirubinemia (postoperative total bilirubin ...
Kim Ung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on the long-term outcomes of patients with sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) fracture. METHODS: After performing index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with SES from Dec. 2003 to Dec. 2007, the patients with stent fracture (SF) detected by angiography at follow-up or adverse events were enrolled. SF was ...
Rhee Peter C - - 2011
HYPOTHESIS: This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that patients would have improved pain and range of motion after conversion total shoulder arthroscopy but that overall outcome would be substantially affected by the need for removal of the humeral component and associated alterations of bony anatomy or soft tissue ...
Bartolomei Luigi - - 2011
We evaluated the efficacy of Botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) as an alternative to surgical intervention to facilitate phonation in 34 laryngectomized patients (31 males and 3 women) who were unable to produce tracheoesophageal voice because of spasm of the middle and inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscles (PCM). EMG was recorded ...
Lee Seung-Hyun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The balance between abdominal and perineal approaches for rectal prolapse is always the higher morbidity but better outcome in the former setting. Therefore, perineal approaches have been preferred for the treatment of full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP) in elderly patients. However, laparoscopic rectopexy with or without resection also may be ...
D'Angelo F - - 2011
Two-stage revision with the use of an antibiotic-loaded cement spacer has spread widely as a successful treatment for THA infection. Between 1999 and 2008, 28 patients with infected THA were treated with two-stage implant revision using a preformed spacer. The spacer was left in situ for 5.5 months (range 1-13 months), and ...
Melton J T K - - 2011
PURPOSE: To study the long-term outcome of patients who have undergone inside-out, vertical stacked mattress suture repair of meniscal tears combined with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: From a database of ACL reconstructed patients, consecutive patients undergoing concomitant meniscal repair and ACL reconstruction between 1991 and 1999 were identified. ...
Aizawa-Yashiro Tomomi - - 2011
An effective treatment for children with refractory nephrotic syndrome (NS), especially in those with cyclosporine (CsA)-resistant or CsA-intolerant NS, has yet to be established. Recently, the efficacy of multidrug therapy consisting of tacrolimus (Tac), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in combination with prednisolone (PDN) in adult patients with refractory NS has been ...
Singh Kuldeep - - 2011
BACKGROUND: One of the most concerning and potentially fatal complications of gastric bypass surgery is pulmonary embolism (PE) with published rates exceeding 1%. Although this procedure has been proven effective in reducing the morbidity and mortality of obesity and associated health care costs, it is elective and risk must be ...
Kim Jeong Woo - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the early clinical results of arthroscopic extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) release with and without bone decortication in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients who were surgically treated for lateral epicondylitis between 2004 and 2008 were included ...
Chen Yi Yi - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To report the first long-term experience on the efficacy of bipolar transurethral radiofrequency needle ablation (RFA) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms that are secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Patients and Methods: A nonrandomized prospective cohort of 12 candidates for transurethral resection of the prostate underwent bipolar ...
Chan Yu Wai - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of circumferential hypopharyngeal defects is often challenging. The aim of the study is to examine the result of our experience and to formulate improved management guidelines. METHOD: Between 1980 and 2009, all patients who have circumferential pharyngectomy were recruited. Data were recorded prospectively for analysis. RESULTS: A total ...
Santangeli Pasquale - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a growing epidemic associated with a variety of adverse outcomes, including death, stroke, impaired quality of life, and increased rate of hospitalizations. Achieving a definite cure for this disease is highly desirable, as this would have outstanding social and economic implication. Catheter ablation is the only ...
Penninga Luit - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, severe pathology of the duodenum has been treated by a pancreaticoduodenectomy using Whipple's operation. Pancreas-preserving total duodenectomy (PPTD) was introduced in the late 1990s as an alternative to Whipple's operation for selected diseases of the duodenum. We report our 10 years' experience with this operation. METHODS: In the period ...
Yang Zhijun Z Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Neurosurgical Institution of Capital Medical University, Chongwen District, Beijing, People’s Republic of - - 2011
The authors aim to identify the characteristics of primary spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea and propose a hypothesis for its pathogenesis. Between 2003 and 2009, 21 patients diagnosed with primary spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea underwent surgery in the authors' hospital. The clinical aspects were retrospectively reviewed, and their characteristics were analyzed. There were ...
Saatci Isil - - 2011
Object The purpose of this study was to present the authors' clinical experience and long-term angiographic and clinical follow-up results in 350 patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated using prolonged intranidal Onyx injection with a very slow "staged" reflux technique described by the authors. Methods Three hundred and fifty ...
Kavuru M S MS Division of Pulmonary, East Carolina University, Brody School of Medicine, 3E-149 Brody Medical Sciences Building, Greenville, NC 27834, - - 2011
Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the B-lymphocyte antigen CD20, has shown promise in several autoimmune disorders. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is an autoimmune disorder characterised by autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). An open-label, proof-of-concept phase II clinical trial was conducted in 10 PAP patients. The intervention consisted of ...
Kunadian Vijayalakshmi - - 2011
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the standard of care for the management of patients with severe three-vessel and left main coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the optimal strategy for management of patients with CAD and severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction [ejection fraction (EF) ≤35%] is not clear. A ...
Endrikat Jan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic menorrhagia (IM) is an important clinical challenge. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG IUS) provides an effective treatment option as shown by multiple small clinical studies. In this analysis of combined data, we describe the time course of relative change in menstrual blood loss (MBL) from baseline up to ...
Lebwohl Benjamin - - 2011
There are no guidelines for the recommended interval to the next examination after colonoscopy with suboptimal bowel preparation. To identify factors associated with early repeat colonoscopy after initial examinations with suboptimal preparations and to measure adenoma miss rates in this context. Retrospective study. Hospital-based endoscopy unit. Bowel preparation quality was ...
Neal Chris J - - 2011
Object Spinopelvic balance is based on the theory that adjacent segments of the spine are related and influenced by one another. By understanding the correlation between the thoracolumbar spine and the pelvis, a concept of spinopelvic balance can be applied to adult deformity. The purpose of this study was to ...
Acosta Frank L - - 2011
Object The lateral transpsoas approach for lumbar interbody fusion is a minimal access technique that has been used by some to treat lumbar degenerative conditions, including degenerative scoliosis. Few studies, however, have analyzed its effect on coronal and sagittal plane correction, and no study has compared changes in segmental, regional, ...
Besharatizadeh Rosina - - 2011
Autogenous fascia, including the temporalis fascia, has a particular role in rhinoplasty as radix and dorsal onlay grafts. The main purpose of this study is to achieve desired appearance of facial harmony using either a complete or partial sheet of deep temporal fascia as a radix graft in the patients ...
Nuis Rutger-Jan - - 2011
Outcome after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) depends on the patient risk profile, operator experience, progress in technology, and technique. We sought to compare the results of TAVI during the initiation phase and after certification to perform TAVI with the Medtronic CoreValve System without proctoring. A total of 165 consecutive ...
Ballotta Andrea - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients with ventilator dependency after cardiac operations may require a tracheostomy. This study determined the hospital and postdischarge outcome in a series of patients who underwent a tracheostomy due to ventilator dependency after cardiac operations. METHODS: Medical records of cardiac surgical patients were retrospectively reviewed for preoperative, intraoperative, and ...
Fernando Hiran C - - 2011
Objective: Benign airway strictures can be complex and challenging to manage. Although resection is preferred, this is not always feasible, and hence, endoscopic therapies are often performed. However, endoscopic therapies can be problematic, with granulation tissue and fibrosis leading to early failure. Spray cryotherapy (SC) is a new approach that ...
Feng R - - 2011
PURPOSE: To clarify the outcome of aortorenal bypass (ARB) in Takayasu arteritis-induced renal artery stenosis (TARAS). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on thirty-three consecutive patients (24 females; mean age, 25 years) with TARAS, who underwent ARB with autologous saphenous vein graft. The effects on blood pressure and renal ...
Di Napoli Mario - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hyperglycemia and inflammation are involved in the progression of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH)-induced brain injury, but their role in predicting clinical outcome is not clear. We sought to determine whether elevation of white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), and blood glucose (BG) concentration at presentation ...
Quagliarella Livio - - 2011
In order to verify whether orthostatic posturography (OP) can support clinical assessment of total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA), 81 subjects with THA and 100 with TKA were recruited and compared with 59 healthy volunteers. All patients were tested one or two days prior to surgery; 42 subjects (20 ...
Moon Joon Ho - - 2011
To achieve successful therapeutic outcomes in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), continuous and adequate imatinib (Gleevec(®), Glivec(®), Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Basel, Switzerland) dosing is essential. Here, we report a patient counseling program ("Care club", "Happy club" in Korea) performed to improve patient compliance with imatinib. From January 2006 to December 2008, patients ...
Kim Chang-Sik - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate whether intraoperative endolaser retinopexy around the sclerotomy site during pars plana vitrectomy can prevent the postoperative complication of retinal detachment (RD). METHODS:: Two hundred and seventy-eight patients who had undergone 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for various vitreoretinal disorders were investigated retrospectively. Patients who had rhegmatogenous RD and ...
Joussen Antonia M - - 2011
Purpose:  The Heavy Silicone Oil versus Standard Silicone Oil Study (HSO study) is designed to answer the question whether a heavier-than-water tamponade improves the prognosis of eyes with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) of the lower retina. Methods:  The HSO Study is a multicentre, randomized, prospective, controlled clinical trial stratified by surgeon ...
Holvoet Tom - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Quantitative Perfusion Scintigraphy (QPS) and Anatomic Segment Method (ASM) are two techniques for estimating postoperative pulmonary function. QPS is gold standard, but holds disadvantages. AIM: Could ASM substitute QPS in the preoperative work-up of NSCLC? METHODS: Retrospective study in patients with NSCLC or mesothelioma undergoing resection. FEV1 and DL,CO ...
Lee Taek Sang - - 2011
A prospective multicenter trial has been commenced in Korea to investigate the treatment efficacy of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system in patients with endometrial hyperplasia. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is an alternative to oral progesterone without the disadvantages of oral progestogens. Therefore, we hypothesize that if the therapeutic efficacy of the ...
Patel Kevin H - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To describe the clinical course of patients with punctate inner choroidopathy seen at the University of Illinois, with emphasis on development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS:: Patients with a diagnosis of punctate inner choroidopathy were identified retrospectively. The diagnosis was made clinically based on findings of multiple, small "punched-out" ...
Parente A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The closure of urinary diversions performed on newly born infants has a notable failure percentage in patients with bladder disease. We present the use of botulinum toxin as a useful and minimally invasive alternative to treat these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present two patients with a single kidney ...
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