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Results 451 - 500 of 4275
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Schrut Gianna Carla Alberti - - 2011
Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) is an alternative therapy for thyroid nodules (TN). However, some concern is raised on its carcinogenic effects. To evaluate the cytological and clinical changes caused by PEI in patients with benign TN. Thirty-nine patients with TN (23.1% hyperfunctioning) were submitted to a median of three PEI ...
Riera María - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Evaluating patient outcomes following cardiac surgery is a means of measuring the quality of that surgery. The present study analyzes survival and the risk factors associated with mid-term mortality of patients undergoing cardiac surgery in Son Dureta University Hospital (Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain). METHODS: From November 2002 ...
Moore Katherine - - 2011
To prospectively evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic injection in the adult population with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). The search for VUR is a part of the standard workup of children with febrile urinary tract infections. However, VUR can present later in life and should be investigated in the case of recurrent ...
Benson Aaron D - - 2011
PURPOSE: Metal ureteral stents are a relatively new version of a device with a long history of relieving ureteral obstruction. Metal stents are effective for relieving ureteral obstruction but success regarding patient tolerability has been variable. We present our single institution experience with long-term metal ureteral stent placement. MATERIALS AND ...
Mullaji Arun B - - 2011
One hundred twenty-two consecutive minimally invasive Oxford phase 3 medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasties in 109 patients were evaluated for postoperative limb alignment and the influence of factors such as preoperative limb alignment, age, body mass index, sex, insert thickness, and surgeon's experience. The mean mechanical preoperative hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle of ...
Roohipoor Ramak - - 2011
To evaluate the results of intravitreal bevacizumab in terms of regression of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In this interventional case series, 12 eyes from January 2007 to December 2008 were included. Two groups of patients were considered. Group 1 included those ROP patients who did not respond to conventional laser ...
Griepentrog Gregory J GJ Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2011
To report the incidence and demographics of childhood ptosis diagnosed over a 40-year period in a well-defined population. Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Patients (<19 years) diagnosed with childhood ptosis and residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, from January 1, 1965, through December 31, 2004. The medical records of all potential patients ...
Boriani Giuseppe - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke risk stratification schema do not consider AF parameters. The aim of the study is to assess the impact of combining risk factors with continuous AF burden monitoring. METHODS: In this retrospective study 568 patients implanted with a DDDR-P pacemaker (AT-500; ...
Hussein Ayman A - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is increasingly used in clinical practice. We aimed to study the natural history and long-term outcomes of ablated AF. We followed 831 patients after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) performed in 2005. We documented clinical outcomes using our prospective AF registry with most recent update on this ...
Dreger H - - 2011
AIM: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important risk factor for perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Despite high clinical relevance, current guidelines lack clear recommendations on the optimal approach for patients with insufficiently treated COPD and urgent need for cardiac surgery. The aim of the ...
Tsivgoulis Georgios - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Efforts to increase the availability and shorten the time delivery of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke carry the potential for tissue plasminogen activator administration in patients with diseases other than stroke, that is, stroke mimics (SMs). We aimed to determine safety and to describe ...
Krul Sébastien P J - - 2011
Thoracoscopic pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and ganglionated plexus ablation is a novel approach in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesize that meticulous electrophysiological confirmation of PVI results in fewer recurrences of AF during follow-up. Surgery was performed through 3 ports bilaterally. Ganglionated plexi were localized and subsequently ablated. ...
Arias Luis - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a flexible regimen with intravitreal injections of ranibizumab in patients with naive choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration and to determine whether the final outcome is related to the number of injections. METHODS:: Prospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series study. We included ...
Odell David D - - 2011
Mounier-Kuhn syndrome (MKS) is a condition characterized by tracheobronchomegaly resulting from the loss or atrophy of musculoelastic fibers within the airway wall. Concomitant tracheobronchomalacia is seen in most patients with MKS, often leading to significant respiratory compromise due to bronchiectasis, increased dead space, and impaired secretion clearance. We report a ...
Brodaty Henry - - 2011
ABSTRACTBackground: The Prospective Research In MEmory clinics (PRIME) is a three-year non-prescriptive, observational study identifying and measuring relationships among predictor and outcome variables.Methods: Patients from nine memory clinics, diagnosed with dementia or mild cognitive impairment (MCI), living in the community with <40 hours/week nursing care were divided into diagnostic groups ...
Brilakis Emmanouil S - - 2011
Aims: Examine the incidence of clinical events after utilization of the TAXUS(®) Express(®) paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in multivessel and bifurcation coronary stenting in an unselected patient population. Methods and Results: The ARRIVE Program compiled data on 7,492 patients receiving ≥1 TAXUS Express PES, including patients with multivessel stenting (MVS; n = 1,208) ...
Sorensen Sherman G - - 2011
Background:  Ideally, percutaneous, mechanical closure of defects of the atrial septum should completely resolve shunt. To achieve this goal, more information is needed about the factors associated with device failure. Methods:  Consecutive patients with cryptogenic neurological events who had severe baseline Valsalva shunt (Spencer Grade 5-5+) and intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) ...
Krievins D K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review the results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using a novel sac-anchoring endoprosthesis in patients with favourable and adverse anatomy. DESIGN: This is a prospective, multicentre, clinical trial. MATERIALS: The Nellix endoprosthesis consists of dual, balloon-expandable endoframes, surrounded by polymer-filled endobags, which obliterate the aneurysm ...
Koga Masatoshi - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine whether CHADS(2) score is associated with clinical outcomes following recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) therapy in stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: We studied 218 consecutive stroke patients with AF [126 men, mean age 74.2 (SD 9.6) years] who ...
Kayiaros Stephen - - 2011
Metatarsus primus varus must be addressed during correction of moderate to severe hallux valgus deformity. As an alternative to proximal osteotomy or first tarsometatarsal fusion for hallux valgus correction, this study presents a series of patients treated using the Arthrex Mini TightRope. A total of 36 patients (44 operations) with ...
Sandler Bryan J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This report describes the authors' experience with a unique endoluminal, endoscopically delivered and retrieved gastroduodenojejunal bypass sleeve, including short-term weight loss and changes in comorbidities. METHODS: A prospective, single-center trial was designed. The patients were morbidly obese individuals who met the National Institutes of Health criteria for bariatric surgery. ...
Sarikkola Anna-Ulrika - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the refractive outcomes, complication rates, and changes in patients' functional state and satisfaction with simultaneous compared with sequential bilateral cataract surgery. SETTING: Helsinki University Eye Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. DESIGN: Clinical trial. METHODS: Consecutive patients scheduled for bilateral cataract surgery were enrolled based on appropriate inclusion criteria and randomized ...
Schmidt Martin - - 2011
Renal Dysfunction and Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence. Background: No previous study has assessed the role of renal impairment in predicting the long-term risk of atrial fibrillation recurrence after cardioversion Methods: One hundred and fifty-nine consecutive patients with persistent atrial fibrillation undergoing successful cardioversion were enrolled. Renal function was assessed based on the ...
Pahk Albert - - 2011
The ideal pancreatic stent to prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) has yet to be determined. The aim of our study was to assess the relative benefit of 4-Fr versus 5-Fr stents in a population at high risk for post-ERCP pancreatitis, and the relative frequency of spontaneous migration. All patients with prophylactic ...
Rothwell M P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> To determine if oral oxycodone (OOXY) could provide equivalent postoperative analgesia and a similar side-effect profile to i.v. patient-controlled morphine in patients undergoing elective primary total hip replacement (THR) under spinal anaesthesia. METHODS: /st> We studied 110 consecutive patients aged 60-85 yr. After operation, patients were randomly allocated ...
Hwang Chang Ho - - 2011
Cosmetic shaping of the lower leg is becoming increasingly popular. The use of radiofrequency therapy in cosmetic medicine also is growing. To date, no serious complications have been reported after the use of cosmetic radiofrequency therapy. This report describes a patient who presented at the author's clinic with a disabling ...
Kawakubo Kazumichi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Distal malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) due to lymph node metastases (LNM) is a common problem in advanced malignant disease. However, the role of covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) in treating MBO has not been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of covered ...
Blaufox Andrew D - - 2011
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) presenting in the neonatal period may resolve by 1 year of age. Predicting which patients require therapy beyond 1 year of age is desirable. Pediatric electrophysiology databases from two institutions were reviewed for patients with a history of infant SVT who underwent transesophageal electrophysiology study (TEEPS) after initial SVT ...
Hearnshaw Sarah A - - 2011
To describe the patient characteristics, diagnoses and clinical outcomes of patients presenting with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) in the 2007 UK Audit. Multi-centre survey. All UK hospitals admitting patients with AUGIB. All adults (>16 years) presenting in or to UK hospitals with AUGIB between 1 May and 30 June ...
Kin Nobuhide - - 2011
Background: Fast-tracking and early endotracheal extubation have been described in patients undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD); however, criteria for patient selection have not been validated in a prospective manner. Our goal in this study was to prospectively identify factors associated with the decision to defer endotracheal extubation in ...
Okamura Kikuo - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to assess the short-term effects of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injection for refractory non-neurogenic overactive bladder (OAB) in the setting of a prospective multicenter clinical trial. Refractory OAB was defined as persistent urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) ≥once a week despite taking anticholinergic agents, ...
Giani Iacopo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Influence of sacral nerve modulation (SNM) on cerebral somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) was determined in patients with incontinence and constipation. BACKGROUND:: Selection of patients with incontinence and constipation for SNM could be improved. METHODS:: The latency (ms) of SEP induced by pudendal nerve stimulation was compared before (T0) and ...
Anderson D Greg - - 2011
This is a retrospective case series to evaluate clinical variables, complications and outcome of 50 patients who underwent anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) supplemented with posterior percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine. Twenty-four patients underwent single-level fusion and 26 patients had a two-level fusion for ...
Clément Jean-Luc - - 2011
Recent publications confirm that moderate correction of thoracic hypokyphosis can be achieved by posterior instrumentation with hooks or pedicle screws. Twenty-four prospective and consecutive thoracic adolescent scoliosis patients with hypokyphosis (<20°) were operated on by posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with a specific method of reduction: Simultaneous translation on two rods ...
Sahm Maik M Department of Surgery, DRK Kliniken Berlin Köpenick, Berlin, Germany. - - 2011
Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) has been performed in the authors' department since 2004. Many authors have described some of its advantages over conventional surgery in terms of cosmetic results. The published literature on this topic variously describes the average central incision as 1 to 3 cm. The end point ...
Coppola Giangennaro G Clinic of Child Neuropsychiatry, University of Salerno, S. Leonardo Hospital, Salerno, Italy. - - 2011
This is the report on the first Italian experience with the low glycemic index diet (LGIT) in a group of children, adolescents and young adults with refractory epileptic encephalopathies. A retrospective chart review was performed on patients initiating the LGIT in an outpatient setting from 2005 to 2010. Demographic and ...
Thys Susanne D - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to compare the Manchester Fothergill (MF) procedure with vaginal hysterectomy (VH) as surgical treatment of uterine descent. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent MF were matched for prolapse grade, age and parity to consecutive patients treated with VH. Evaluated outcomes included functional ...
Mues Adam C - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: We evaluated our contemporary outcomes with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for renal cortical neoplasms (RCN) by an experienced single surgeon in our last 100 consecutive patients. Methods: We reviewed a prospectively established database and identified 378 patients who underwent LPN for RCN. Data from the most recent 100 ...
Mazighi Mikael - - 2011
Background: Intravenous (IV) alteplase is not currently recommended in octogenarian patients, and the benefit/risk ratio of endovascular (intra-arterial, IA) therapy remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a combined IV-IA approach in octogenarians. Methods: From a single-centre interventional study, we report age-specific ...
Foocharoen Chingching - - 2011
Skin tightness is a major clinical manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Importantly for both clinicians and patients, spontaneous regression of the fibrosis process has been documented. The purpose of this study is to identify the incidence and related clinical characteristics of spontaneous regression among Thai SSc patients. A historical cohort ...
Brucker Peter U - - 2011
The long-term results over 20years following meniscal repair in stable knees have not been described yet. The objective was therefore to analyze the clinical and radiological outcomes of successful, isolated, open meniscal repairs with an intact ACL after a mean follow-up of 20.6years (range, 16-25) retrospectively in 26 patients. Clinical ...
Kua E H J - - 2011
Cryopreserved (CryoPA) and Glycerol-preserved (GPA) skin allografts are commonly used in the treatment of severe burn injuries. However, comparable data on their differences in clinical outcome is scarce. This retrospective review aims to study the effect of allograft viability on clinical outcomes. The records of 48 severe burn patients who ...
Koc Umit - - 2011
Abstract Background: The current hemostatic data in relation to laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is limited particularly for patients receiving chronic oral anticoagulant treatment. The aim of this study is to assess hemostatic alterations before, during and after LC for the patients placed on long-term oral anticoagulant treatment. Patients and Methods: A ...
Crites Melanie A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To improve patient selection for male slings. Our primary aim was to identify preoperative risk factors for failures. Our secondary aim was to compare bone-anchored male sling (BAMS) to transobturator male sling (TOMS) and patient satisfaction accordingly. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed from 2000 to 2010 of males ...
Kim Jason - - 2011
Study Type - Diagnostic (case series) Level of Evidence 4 OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate long-term clinical outcomes following placement of a retropubic mid-urethral sling in patients aged 70 and over and to compare outcomes with those of a younger cohort of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients ...
Marks Warren A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of pediatric-onset dystonia. Deep brain stimulation is gaining acceptance for treating dystonias in children. There is minimal reported experience regarding the efficacy of deep brain stimulation in cerebral palsy. METHODS: Fourteen patients, including 8 younger than 16 years, received bilateral implants (13 ...
Quillo Amy R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Historically, treatment of confirmed primary aldosteronism has been adrenalectomy for unilateral adenoma; bilateral hypersecretion is treated medically. Increasingly, we use adrenal venous sampling (AVS) to define unilateral hypersecretion. Histology of glands resected based on AVS often reveals multiple nodules or hyperplasia. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Hakvoort R A - - 2011
To compare clean intermittent catheterisation with transurethral indwelling catheterisation for the treatment of abnormal post-void residual bladder volume (PVR) following vaginal prolapse surgery. Multicentre randomised controlled trial. Five teaching hospitals and one non-teaching hospital in the Netherlands. All patients older than 18 years experiencing abnormal PVR following vaginal prolapse surgery, ...
Luers Jan Christoffer - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate whether patients with a short-term and long-term disease course of sialolithiasis show differences in the clinical picture and the outcome after sialendoscopy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the findings and clinical courses of 62 consecutive patients who received sialendoscopy for sialolithiasis. RESULTS: ...
Lanas A - - 2011
Background  Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) is a common medical emergency associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in endoscopic and pharmacological treatment during the past two decades, the incidence of mortality associated with NVUGIB has remained relatively constant. Aim  To report outcomes and predictive factors for bleeding continuation/re-bleeding ...
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