Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 4251
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Kawakubo Kazumichi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Distal malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) due to lymph node metastases (LNM) is a common problem in advanced malignant disease. However, the role of covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) in treating MBO has not been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of covered ...
Blaufox Andrew D - - 2011
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) presenting in the neonatal period may resolve by 1 year of age. Predicting which patients require therapy beyond 1 year of age is desirable. Pediatric electrophysiology databases from two institutions were reviewed for patients with a history of infant SVT who underwent transesophageal electrophysiology study (TEEPS) after initial SVT ...
Hearnshaw Sarah A - - 2011
To describe the patient characteristics, diagnoses and clinical outcomes of patients presenting with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) in the 2007 UK Audit. Multi-centre survey. All UK hospitals admitting patients with AUGIB. All adults (>16 years) presenting in or to UK hospitals with AUGIB between 1 May and 30 June ...
Kin Nobuhide - - 2011
Background: Fast-tracking and early endotracheal extubation have been described in patients undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD); however, criteria for patient selection have not been validated in a prospective manner. Our goal in this study was to prospectively identify factors associated with the decision to defer endotracheal extubation in ...
Okamura Kikuo - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to assess the short-term effects of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injection for refractory non-neurogenic overactive bladder (OAB) in the setting of a prospective multicenter clinical trial. Refractory OAB was defined as persistent urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) ≥once a week despite taking anticholinergic agents, ...
Giani Iacopo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Influence of sacral nerve modulation (SNM) on cerebral somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) was determined in patients with incontinence and constipation. BACKGROUND:: Selection of patients with incontinence and constipation for SNM could be improved. METHODS:: The latency (ms) of SEP induced by pudendal nerve stimulation was compared before (T0) and ...
Anderson D Greg - - 2011
This is a retrospective case series to evaluate clinical variables, complications and outcome of 50 patients who underwent anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) supplemented with posterior percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine. Twenty-four patients underwent single-level fusion and 26 patients had a two-level fusion for ...
Clément Jean-Luc - - 2011
Recent publications confirm that moderate correction of thoracic hypokyphosis can be achieved by posterior instrumentation with hooks or pedicle screws. Twenty-four prospective and consecutive thoracic adolescent scoliosis patients with hypokyphosis (<20°) were operated on by posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with a specific method of reduction: Simultaneous translation on two rods ...
Sahm Maik M Department of Surgery, DRK Kliniken Berlin Köpenick, Berlin, Germany. - - 2011
Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) has been performed in the authors' department since 2004. Many authors have described some of its advantages over conventional surgery in terms of cosmetic results. The published literature on this topic variously describes the average central incision as 1 to 3 cm. The end point ...
Thys Susanne D - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to compare the Manchester Fothergill (MF) procedure with vaginal hysterectomy (VH) as surgical treatment of uterine descent. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent MF were matched for prolapse grade, age and parity to consecutive patients treated with VH. Evaluated outcomes included functional ...
Mues Adam C - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: We evaluated our contemporary outcomes with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for renal cortical neoplasms (RCN) by an experienced single surgeon in our last 100 consecutive patients. Methods: We reviewed a prospectively established database and identified 378 patients who underwent LPN for RCN. Data from the most recent 100 ...
Mazighi Mikael - - 2011
Background: Intravenous (IV) alteplase is not currently recommended in octogenarian patients, and the benefit/risk ratio of endovascular (intra-arterial, IA) therapy remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a combined IV-IA approach in octogenarians. Methods: From a single-centre interventional study, we report age-specific ...
Coppola Giangennaro - - 2011
This is the report on the first Italian experience with the low glycemic index diet (LGIT) in a group of children, adolescents and young adults with refractory epileptic encephalopathies. A retrospective chart review was performed on patients initiating the LGIT in an outpatient setting from 2005 to 2010. Demographic and ...
Foocharoen Chingching - - 2011
Skin tightness is a major clinical manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Importantly for both clinicians and patients, spontaneous regression of the fibrosis process has been documented. The purpose of this study is to identify the incidence and related clinical characteristics of spontaneous regression among Thai SSc patients. A historical cohort ...
Brucker Peter U - - 2011
The long-term results over 20years following meniscal repair in stable knees have not been described yet. The objective was therefore to analyze the clinical and radiological outcomes of successful, isolated, open meniscal repairs with an intact ACL after a mean follow-up of 20.6years (range, 16-25) retrospectively in 26 patients. Clinical ...
Kua E H J - - 2011
Cryopreserved (CryoPA) and Glycerol-preserved (GPA) skin allografts are commonly used in the treatment of severe burn injuries. However, comparable data on their differences in clinical outcome is scarce. This retrospective review aims to study the effect of allograft viability on clinical outcomes. The records of 48 severe burn patients who ...
Koc Umit - - 2011
Abstract Background: The current hemostatic data in relation to laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is limited particularly for patients receiving chronic oral anticoagulant treatment. The aim of this study is to assess hemostatic alterations before, during and after LC for the patients placed on long-term oral anticoagulant treatment. Patients and Methods: A ...
Crites Melanie A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To improve patient selection for male slings. Our primary aim was to identify preoperative risk factors for failures. Our secondary aim was to compare bone-anchored male sling (BAMS) to transobturator male sling (TOMS) and patient satisfaction accordingly. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed from 2000 to 2010 of males ...
Kim Jason - - 2011
Study Type - Diagnostic (case series) Level of Evidence 4 OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate long-term clinical outcomes following placement of a retropubic mid-urethral sling in patients aged 70 and over and to compare outcomes with those of a younger cohort of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients ...
Marks Warren A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of pediatric-onset dystonia. Deep brain stimulation is gaining acceptance for treating dystonias in children. There is minimal reported experience regarding the efficacy of deep brain stimulation in cerebral palsy. METHODS: Fourteen patients, including 8 younger than 16 years, received bilateral implants (13 ...
Quillo Amy R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Historically, treatment of confirmed primary aldosteronism has been adrenalectomy for unilateral adenoma; bilateral hypersecretion is treated medically. Increasingly, we use adrenal venous sampling (AVS) to define unilateral hypersecretion. Histology of glands resected based on AVS often reveals multiple nodules or hyperplasia. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Hakvoort R A - - 2011
To compare clean intermittent catheterisation with transurethral indwelling catheterisation for the treatment of abnormal post-void residual bladder volume (PVR) following vaginal prolapse surgery. Multicentre randomised controlled trial. Five teaching hospitals and one non-teaching hospital in the Netherlands. All patients older than 18 years experiencing abnormal PVR following vaginal prolapse surgery, ...
Luers Jan Christoffer - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate whether patients with a short-term and long-term disease course of sialolithiasis show differences in the clinical picture and the outcome after sialendoscopy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the findings and clinical courses of 62 consecutive patients who received sialendoscopy for sialolithiasis. RESULTS: ...
Lanas A - - 2011
Background  Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) is a common medical emergency associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in endoscopic and pharmacological treatment during the past two decades, the incidence of mortality associated with NVUGIB has remained relatively constant. Aim  To report outcomes and predictive factors for bleeding continuation/re-bleeding ...
Ralston Stuart H - - 2011
Vitamin D insufficiency is common in patients with osteoporosis. We conducted a randomized trial comparing alendronate 70 mg combined with vitamin D(3) 5,600 IU in a single tablet (ALN/D5600, n = 257) with standard care chosen by the patients' personal physicians (n = 258) in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis (BMD T score ≤2.5 or ≤1.5 and ...
Fong Calvin Sze-Un - - 2011
Purpose To assess whether improved visual acuity (VA) is sustained 2 years after the cataract surgery. Methods The Cataract Surgery and Age-Related Macular Degeneration (CSAMD) study followed 1936 patients aged ≥65 years undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery at Westmead Hospital (Sydney, Australia) between 2004 and 2007. Presenting and pinhole VA were ...
Reinisch Walter - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate long-term efficacy, quality of life, and safety in ulcerative colitis patients who received infliximab during the ACT-1 and -2 extension studies. METHODS: Adults with moderate-to-severely active ulcerative colitis in the 54-week ACT-1 and 30-week ACT-2 studies who achieved benefit from infliximab were eligible to ...
Singh Ranju - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the use of spinal anesthesia in stable eclamptic patients. DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Emergency operating room of a metropolitan hospital. PATIENTS: 12 "stable" eclamptic parturients. INTERVENTIONS: Subarachnoid block was instituted with hyperbaric 0.5% bupivacaine 1.7 mL with fentanyl 25 μg. MEASUREMENTS: Intraoperative maternal hypotension, episodes ...
Woldrich Jeffrey M - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (cohort) Level of Evidence 2b OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of laser vaporization of the prostate (LVP) with several different wavelengths for urinary retention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study of patients undergoing LVP from 2005 to 2009 at a single institution was performed. Outcomes ...
Spaeder Michael C - - 2011
To compare postoperative outcomes in children undergoing cardiac surgery during the viral respiratory season and nonviral season at our institution. This was a retrospective cohort study and secondary matched case-control analysis. The setting was an urban academic tertiary-care children's hospital. The study was comprised of all patients <18 years of age ...
Takagi Toshio - - 2011
We assessed whether adequately functioning parenchyma is preserved in patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD) after partial nephrectomy (PN) compared with those who underwent radical nephrectomy (RN). A total of 95 patients with pre-existing CKD who underwent curative surgery for pathological T1a-T2N0M0 renal cell carcinoma with a follow-up period ...
Borgmann-Staudt A - - 2011
Infertility is a major late effect in patients receiving haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of patients having fertility impairment after allogeneic HSCT in childhood/adolescence and to identify the potential risk factors. Treatment and fertility data of paediatric patients with malignant ...
Leshem Eyal - - 2011
Background. Cysticercosis, a human infestation by Taenia solium is endemic in many resource-limited countries. In developed countries it is mostly encountered among immigrant populations. Only few cases are reported in travelers. This report summarizes a nation-wide study of neurocysticercosis (NCC) diagnosed among Israeli travelers to endemic countries, with an estimation ...
Nishio Kazuaki - - 2011
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine outcome subsequent to implantation of bare-metal stents (BMS) with pioglitazone, which are novel insulin-sensitizing agents, and drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 139 consecutive Type 2 diabetic patients treated with stent were followed up ...
Senet Patricia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the healing effect of topical becaplermin gel vs hydrogel dressing on hypertensive leg ulcers. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, parallel-assignment, controlled study. SETTING: Ambulatory or hospitalized patients from 17 dermatology departments. Patients  Among 64 consecutive randomized patients with 1 or more hypertensive leg ulcers who fulfilled all inclusion criteria, ...
Liu Hong - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of posterior lateral mass screw/rod fixation and fusion for the treatment of symptomatic pseudarthrosis of anterior cervical fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Both anterior revision and posterior repair of cervical pseudarthrosis have been reported. To date, there is still ...
Ou Yen-Chuan - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: In Taiwan, patients with uremia have a high risk of the development of multifocal urothelial carcinoma. We report on eight patients with uremia and urothelial carcinoma who underwent simultaneous robot-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and radical cystectomy (RANUC). Patients and Methods: Between April 2006 and August 2010, eight ...
Thrush Philip T - - 2011
Complete vascular occlusions are rare but potentially lethal. Reports on transcatheter therapy are limited to solitary case reports. The study was conducted as a single-center retrospective chart review. Between January 2003 and December 2009, 26 patients underwent cardiac catheterizations for either a known complete thoracic vascular occlusion or for incidental ...
Singh Kuldeep - - 2011
BACKGROUND: One of the most concerning and potentially fatal complications of gastric bypass surgery is pulmonary embolism (PE) with published rates exceeding 1%. Although this procedure has been proven effective in reducing the morbidity and mortality of obesity and associated health care costs, it is elective and risk must be ...
Melton J T K - - 2011
PURPOSE: To study the long-term outcome of patients who have undergone inside-out, vertical stacked mattress suture repair of meniscal tears combined with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: From a database of ACL reconstructed patients, consecutive patients undergoing concomitant meniscal repair and ACL reconstruction between 1991 and 1999 were identified. ...
Fukumori Daisuke - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To further improve the outcomes of liver resection, it is important to identify and prevent the causes of the hyperbilirubinemia occurring after hepatectomy and postoperative liver failure. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2009, 591 consecutive patients underwent a hepatectomy at our center. Twenty-two patients who developed hyperbilirubinemia (postoperative total bilirubin ...
Kim Ung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on the long-term outcomes of patients with sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) fracture. METHODS: After performing index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with SES from Dec. 2003 to Dec. 2007, the patients with stent fracture (SF) detected by angiography at follow-up or adverse events were enrolled. SF was ...
Lee Seung-Hyun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The balance between abdominal and perineal approaches for rectal prolapse is always the higher morbidity but better outcome in the former setting. Therefore, perineal approaches have been preferred for the treatment of full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP) in elderly patients. However, laparoscopic rectopexy with or without resection also may be ...
Aizawa-Yashiro Tomomi - - 2011
An effective treatment for children with refractory nephrotic syndrome (NS), especially in those with cyclosporine (CsA)-resistant or CsA-intolerant NS, has yet to be established. Recently, the efficacy of multidrug therapy consisting of tacrolimus (Tac), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in combination with prednisolone (PDN) in adult patients with refractory NS has been ...
Rhee Peter C - - 2011
HYPOTHESIS: This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that patients would have improved pain and range of motion after conversion total shoulder arthroscopy but that overall outcome would be substantially affected by the need for removal of the humeral component and associated alterations of bony anatomy or soft tissue ...
Bartolomei Luigi - - 2011
We evaluated the efficacy of Botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) as an alternative to surgical intervention to facilitate phonation in 34 laryngectomized patients (31 males and 3 women) who were unable to produce tracheoesophageal voice because of spasm of the middle and inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscles (PCM). EMG was recorded ...
D'Angelo F - - 2011
Two-stage revision with the use of an antibiotic-loaded cement spacer has spread widely as a successful treatment for THA infection. Between 1999 and 2008, 28 patients with infected THA were treated with two-stage implant revision using a preformed spacer. The spacer was left in situ for 5.5 months (range 1-13 months), and ...
Kim Jeong Woo - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the early clinical results of arthroscopic extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) release with and without bone decortication in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients who were surgically treated for lateral epicondylitis between 2004 and 2008 were included ...
Saatci Isil - - 2011
Object The purpose of this study was to present the authors' clinical experience and long-term angiographic and clinical follow-up results in 350 patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated using prolonged intranidal Onyx injection with a very slow "staged" reflux technique described by the authors. Methods Three hundred and fifty ...
Chen Yi Yi - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To report the first long-term experience on the efficacy of bipolar transurethral radiofrequency needle ablation (RFA) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms that are secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Patients and Methods: A nonrandomized prospective cohort of 12 candidates for transurethral resection of the prostate underwent bipolar ...
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